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Full text of "Annals of Jackson county, Iowa"

REYNOLDS M^^TORICAL 
GENEALOGY COLLECTION 




[ 3 1833 01081 2680 



3 





GKAVL* or COL. TMO.VIAS; COX 

Scct;or» !b //,cquo'KCl^> Township 



Jo;. V.' till.., V/ C G'C'^ory od t|arry K'-'d S'.:;otJinr, otj s'lc of qrovc. 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/annalsofjacksonc16jack 



J, ELLIS. 

.Sfcrc'iii ry arid Tuim; i»r of t'uL' .lurlci'Hi Co ir.iy 
Ilir>ioii'-:il .So>::cl-y. 



IVrr^or.-al rvcillfcf i j >> of (.'.irly (l.iys ny 
J. AV. Ivli-^, v-i:i('M i\ir the Jac^M^a 

^Ty. t:ir>'.« r, J> s-i? ]:iii>, ilioau'h not 
o'^; of the (Ml l^- ]>i')n<.'t }-.-:, C iiiie tv* tais 
rouDty ii; tjni'- tiM- n ve on^ :i ImMic I'l- if.-i 
an aliiiOKt luil.; >l;"ii I'oo '-r. Hi; 
born ii! )\> nti :•■>%•. )M ;ir I'lMnlilurf, ]''(-(). 
2, 1 >I0. His \\\\\) -v, .los'-ph (Mine 
t ) IC'^'Jit JtcK'v'-U'' >vit fhr vi'.vr I'jnu 
rnla.Si'.i t.'onrilv, wlir"! Iif Wc.s 

J:iM. I''., ]]u<. ]h: \V:iS 1 1 1 ■ U lli.ll (l) 

■ I'Vanl-.if wl.o was horn iii t!.c 

J'anu; pl u'O Doc :.';), i;?!. My fa.iu-i'.-, 
prni.'f] I'ai wlid r n;Mn'*\sa-^ aho Jo^- 
C'jili, was honi i.i IT.io. My latii- r i law 
up on til-'. Ivn rn' ky f 'lan aad \s Ik n 
:J..imt !('• ya'--: uM \\ a^ «';an'')v«'(l nu 
CiVi I- 'Mr by lii-i lata l.t i in- K!i 
who <-v.n' ii ,'.'S • .' al .1 .•• At- 



uimiIi; .s- Vk:ral nips to Xi sv L'^jI- and 

larr-r lt« llOSS( ^^r^t.l i f ihrt S' CT.-t 

chare of t.M' fanvons S-.viir siiv-.r o.iiti.i iu 
tho Kentucky tnoaut ilt.s. 

He spent livarly two \ earr^, in the 
niooufuius tryiuL: to tiiid the uune 
S'\Vift Jia I twa orli<^r wh^li' huairii; 
ill the v. iliitjsr, rou-rli, pare or' ih.* 
inorinrains, (li-?jv«v»n ctl a Y:ch v* iu or 
pilvcr oiv. thoy k-p. tlii? Ai^ 'Ciwivy a. 
secret, and pv v.-ariu-: z.Ki\r\ tu;jk r-uf 
coa.si«leraV»it' fj^uanriry of tln^ oio aful 
sm-.liccl i'., {;s ti c inid',- w i< far i.oia any 
settle:ii'.':ir t!u-y couM n r carry a^v ly 
very iuuv.h of th -ir Ijull; 1:1, [ v.i bata i.-'l 
it ip. the }:roaii(i, ma-ai,}^ a i haii - 
scribln;: ihc io'.-,:tioi> a:. J liwd- laiii.- 
auil bla/iijp- I : .-0.-, o:i'.' of lb.' lacn si.:l - 
ent-.d l (l).-.i f-.::.! i: -.n.!-- b.-h vi •! 
Swiff thi* o:L T laaa :. ,1 ou; 
tJiu .secivt lro.l^uro aiai ia a ]ij)i-,h tl-.b; 
Sivi/t was victi)]-. at k.;-.' i.;,! j.ioi:*' cani<' 
to u tijti icOit lit wiiii a p'f iii'jv'. o: laa, 
^il-Vt.T builv.^u, v. JiK'l: In.- cih; vi-, t'-vl i:-t',» 
ca--)i witli '.-.'"iii 'li ii;- !)■-;.;'. n > ii<;)i)'.-,> '^n-s. 
luaAe otiior rrias, liur iL^.i iy ativr a 
vere ill!.'es> lie. wmt taiiii'-ly h.ii.d. Jt, 
V, a^^ sa.id tu b? a ]; iflu li.' .-:_;lit :r, c ili..- 
\:Hii'l ina'i tiViU.' •'i;- v» !•.• .; fo lli.^ 
Iii'.i-uro of wliijii b^ alo.tc k- cw ibi; 
st.xi'.-t l)y til." .Jid of tjK- i.:>air. ','.[< 
start ; h wa ■; a lailuro, a/.'d br»'l:t. :i in 
ln.'.'ilrh aad .^pil■i(^ did not Muvi\': 
loiU;. AJr.'r hi.; dvarh, iny 1 .uiu r b. ■ 
<:a:".'j o^v iJ- r (n tiio cJia t aia'. 

i,c.uch-jd 111 arly i -.vo y<- ,rs la th<f liiVK.n- 
rruii.-; fo/ ih*.; hidiu a trva-nrc. Mr ft.ai'ai 
liic i)la/. d I rv OS ti'-<Mib.d in 1)10 fJiaii 
aia.l tin'.iMi tlio ;;.di h in wni.^h lI;o mi' 
W.'..- b;*; i't d. but (.• .(ultl nor i»i;d tlu-oo- p- 
ifi:^- to l''v; c ivi rn .-nd ]i<: alwa; 1> In v ,1 
tl; It a .. nd. bdf b.; ! rnv' i-. d lb',- 1 n- 
fr.iti '•) ;])•• r.iwvn and .»b)ii. i.n.-d I'-c 
i:.'- ,1 ii M Mi t .n> . !;:n- on t b- v Ii.i^t, .\\- 
br ti'<:iMin;j i''.»!»ini.!a Mc !..<id-bn. , 
.-l • i.ii' on t a.' ;'i (...; .a'l itt tb- op«-ri 
aadliNii inii)>!y oi» :-n.d\ ;r uu». -« 
liM y 1 (i.dd M . ;u \\ i!bl!uir ri*b>«, Im.-;- 
d. i.r anvl w 'Id I a...> \ i b' ii iir.iii} |.I»'.M- 



tifal iu tho i;iO'.int:iii\s ut th:it tiiue, tho 
Search ^vas nbaiirioui.'d. Father often 
eatertaiaed Yi^i.tors wirli ^^toi■iod of iiis 
adveuturos ^vllile searching? for the 
Swift silver iniiiu iu the Kentucky 
nioimtiiius. 

jiiinos Audoisou, who foruiorly lived 
iu Mariuoketu :uid wiis ;i frequenc visi- 
tor at our home, became very niufh in- 
terested in the. silver mine and hidden 
treasure, fvud after several interviews on 
tliat subject father gave hiui tlie idiarc 
and nil the infoncation that lie could, 
jiud that was the last I evi.-r heard of 
Swifts treasure until about ]y.)5, when 
■Isawai\ arriole in tb.e OinciiMtti Kn- 
quirer claluuuf; that the old inijie had 
been found. 

Grandfatlier Ellis and members of his 
family thrit were still at home, includ- 
ing m}' father, removed to Putmaa 
coanty , Jndiaiia, about the ye<ir is:];j. 
Grandfatiier secured a tract of land 
with a land v. arraut received for revo- 
lutionary scrvi<;e3. 

Jesse Ellis n\-U'ried Ailsea Jeffers in 
Ileudrichs c<juni y, Indiana, in ISoT, she 
was also a native of Kentucky. I still 
have a government patent to a pi.'C'; of 
laml which i.nhi i paiciui nd I'l 1 ^ii and 
ou which lu; lived until tiie of 
lS'y2, when he .started overland for 
Iowa. 

I was but foar years old at that timo 
but remember niduy instances of the 
journey, one that uiado a lastin;^ im- 
pression oa my miud was th.-.t of jnc^t- 
a circus t'.t llie ci'n-;-in^r s'^nie riytr in 
Illinois. Tliere v/e-re twu or ninr«i (1<;- 
phanfs and si)!n<; camel-; and the, lar;.:e 
aniif'uls weri; fonlm.? the s'.:«\im, the 
elephants s">'nit'd lo \. nj(»y very much 
Bucltinjj up che v.'ali:r in th-'ir trunlrs 
and dcluguj.!< tij • otlu-r ani;iul.^ as v.'vli 
as their owjj bo in s with it. 

After I'Mvin^ tiio siuie of liuliana my 
falhei ba I a mi at d'-al of i /xil'!.-. n\ i( h 
his v.iu,'oii svlii'-li Nvas built on tht- widu 
laai k and wu'ald n jt hi, in thtr niLs of 
tl;'; we il«-rn x/aj^ons. 



Our first stop in Iowa was at tl." 
home of Thomas Flathers, a relative of 
ours who lived four and one-half milc^ 
south of Maquokera. Mr. Fiatluis 
kuew that father had considerable mon- 
ey and tried to got him to enter somo of 
tlip rich laud in that locality, which 
was still lield by the government and 
f'ould have been had al per acre. 

But faflier luid ahvays li\ ed in a tim- 
bered coantry and would not believe 
that a man coud live iu a i)r aire couniry 
o or (» miK'S fn>m timber and be aVilc to 
get up cnojgli fuel lo keep fn">m freez- 
ing to dt'arh. 

lie next vi.>ifcd liis l.r(;thor William, 
wlio had secured a piece of land abrmr 
ouo mile west of Fulron, wiili lils huid 
warrant rece ived foi- ser. ic'"' in thf^- war 
of lSl-3. Ho iiad fou::!it wirh Jack-.)M 
at New Orleans. ITn came lo Iowa s'^v- 
eral years prior to our coming and had 
the pii-I: of the connriw. luit. h.id sefleii 
on about as poor a tracr. as eQu!(l vveli be 
found. Ncedl»-r;s to s.^y my farhor did 
not. like the lau<l in tiiar u^d-^diborho )d. 
He visited with Widis, Willi. '.m and 
Edwiird Flathers and Jos .A nfifr.>ou, all 
relative-', aiK) all Uvici: within a few 
n)i!<\- a'. c.,ch oth-T. ^'.irlnn the forks uf 
the -M:";uoketa rivers r.nrl lin.ihy pur- 
clucsc.l atu'es of L»k1 in section 11. 
South FMik town.ddp, on which he re- 
mained until hisdcalh, in iNS'.t In is.Vi 
there NS as a double log cabiu and a 
large, fi.u.te barn (>n the land which w;i> 
Well waren^d, having two spring' 
brancie:.>> v. irh num. r<)u> spring'?, atul 
With 1 1.2 exr.epf ion of lo or I'J .icre-; uf 
cleaied land it ssa-. coveied \Mth the 
lii;es b ^ly of tlmb-r I ever <aw. 

I will maice an a -son ion hero iha^ 
will sce'.i incredinle lo my readers, but if 
i.s ivct u illy ti ue, tli M t' Were, as u« »nv 
familie.. m this ))art (»i SouMi I-'orl: 
town hip in iS.. .> .is l h. le are t I'lay, r.v* 
clu.ii;'^' lliirsivilln. I'.-.t th'-ioaie v. i^' 
f- V. re,):;' V ii'.jr. e> ol tlic ori;:i!>al f;<m- 
ill I' ll. Levi Koll-', :v Vt f* iai> <>f H -' 
war of Id "J, lived ni a cda/i vu i) ■ 



north si'lo of tho crook on our l.tfri, but- 
8.1011 boui^'ht a pit'CL' of hind in tlie iU'i;:h- 
borhood and moved onto it. Daniel 
Fr.i/.itM-, coiiiin;.- from Ohio about tluit 
ti:ne, moved into tJu' cabiu vacated by 
KolTe. but scon aftt,r\/ards boaj^'Iit ' tiio 
Willis Flariu-rs place, in srcrion 10, and 
moved to ir, aud Walrt- r W.iti'ous, freth 
froui the Scioto borionis, moved into the 
cabiu. TuoKitis Tra/aer was our licarest 
uci'rhbor, owuiu^' the quarter section 
we.st of our laud, but at tlmt time had 
not. returned Iroui the Caiifornia {j;old- 
liclds, whcri' ho went iu CL^iupi'uv wiUi 
1). O Clary in I.^jOO, but r. turned soeu 
a'tfr our arrival and liad a KOfidly siiare 
of the Vfllovv niv.tul, ^oiw: of ii a.s 1 re- 
mCDiber v.'as oct ij-^oual ^."lO pk'ce.^. 

There was at rh:'.t time three cabins, 
all occui^ied, on rlic Frazier l;uid, one by 
tlio fra'/i' r fhrnii} , oat; by Fra/.ier's 
broi her-m-law, ileiiry Hauiuicl, and die 
Other by the Sh« rwood family. Tsvo of 
theje cabins were old buddiii^-s. 

In \^'^'2, adani-^l.t'tr of Sherwoods mar- 
ried a Dr. Mart it», who for .-,ome } Oars 
lived iu Maquoke:a, and T think tlrnt 
Charlie Martin, tlu; carpi-nter, ir, their 
sou. They had buried two small chil- 
dren (m <nir hit"', ihc ^t<.)nt.•s n..»rkin,; 
their grav.\», stood for many years, hut 
have lon;^ since ui-appe'arc d. 

Tnere was 'luite a French settlement 
on land ufljoinin-/ ours in l:!-"),'. A man 
by the name of liy\vatt r.s iiv»'d in a ]o.<\ 
cabiu whicii 1 bdicv'; is .-lauiiin;,^ yet on 
A. Hurst's land U'.'ar his farm lioese. 
Peter .Termau, an >iiier Freuehm-in, 
wiio.^e v/il-.^ w.is i' ht rs, aud a r':l i- 
tivo of our.s had b. .mi kilh c; m a well 
tliat had cavul in on him on tlie lami 
now owned by A. J. Ycrk Another 
J''ren(;hman b\- ibo liame of l);u)i"ls, 
hved in a cabin on l.Uid afi joinini^ (iio 
Jernici!i J.i!)d, itUvl-liU ajjotlnr J'rci"-li- 
man lunu'-d l'"r> (iriek, livi d about 
I'ods noi l li of 1 1 inii h, itnd tau;':h scbnol 
ill wbai is no'V ku'cvn a- I'le ilui.t\ilb' 
(U.-hiet, in l""'!. .b.'^iaii J^ilon \'\\r<i 
tbc.n )ii ,11 V. )e .e i h-. .lobn ) m\ h';a >'j 



now stands, being the iicare.^t to tlie 
sclioolhouse. The school w;is known as 
the Fatou school, Xathaniai Wu^ds 
lived nu th.-i place that Groil:" livtd on 
v.'heu he killed his neighbor. Davi?, iu 
1&:'.9, now known as the Fitch farm. A 
brotiier of Jason Pan^born lived on lend 
now ov.ned by A. Hurst, north of 
Hurstviifo, near the river. Isaac Hi^'lit 
lived on the farm now owned by Asa 
Srrubh). Josepli Jackson \\'oods lived 
for severol years on the farm he .=old to 
A>a DavLs at about the bc-jinnint^ of the 
war. A family by the n:ime of Fcvik 
lived ou tiielaud nov,' owned by Baum- 
ju'art-ucr, adjoining tiie Da\is land and 
Joim Weiods lived in Io j'J iu the same 
liouso th.'it his sou, C. L. Woods, lives in 
now. The ohl. place on i'iik Iron H:ll 
road I'our miles west- ot Maiiuokela, now 
ov.ued by WiJii.iuis, was owntd iu l^i': 
by a Dr. .MeK-n/.ie, and I liiiak lie sold 
to W'lUiam Sears. A Imlf mile south oi 
us btood a ci^bm, whicii was old whi U 
We came here. It was called the Wo .> ir 
place and aft'T il rotted down, garden 
vegetables would grow up in the ch-aud 
space aud tlie spot was l:uo.vn for many 
years the Woods garden, Jaui».s 
Aru:^tro:v;. whose wife w.ts a cou.-in of 
mine, livo!. near v. herc George Colen;aj 
now bvi i. 

Lowell was quite ji thriving villa::e in 
those ea -y days, among the famik.vs 
liviijg th te was a .Mr. Wolfe, a native 
Kentoci..' f.n, nnd I think ni}- fatli. r ad- 
mired hr;; ou that acvani'a a^ much .i< 
anything e'-e. Th'i land in Lo\n"< il ^v.•.^ 
consicler.'i i-o v.iliiab!e that ll.>< lol- 
^vel'J iu -.''o \ er\' siiiail, only '_'.") f< . r 
front. F. addi'ion to i he |,'ri>,t -mill, > rv" 
null ail''. '.,<hj1"/i ri.ill- , tJe le ua^ an is..- 
posii.g le iision on t!iv! higli>.xt j.ce.nt of 
la.'i'l, w::.'? tlif.-i' t.iu'f's on the noiih 
and I hi- •.■ ' ;) t lie -out and < a-l of th.- 
b:i(.k ho,i-o ti.ere stoed a >)iO;( m In. n 
it was >ai I i;. !i ;-'cai , was had lin.' .« 
\v ondei i al ai-'oM, I ii.it, wh« n iOnip:>i 
t il, waiai I I . HI liy sl« a n on any k«!' I 
ioa<li ai.l \\(mld rc \ v>. -it i< ei . tin- n 



j 



of tnivfl unVl fl() a\v;iy lar^'*'i y Aviili thti 
deiuaii'i for horses. I oftou tricfl to get 
a view of ibis woudeful wagou, bat 
never succeed »;d. 

The earlj promise of ^reirni bS for 
Lowell was a del i.sioji aud Iwv {.rlory 
louf,' since dep. iriml. One or" rho ^'re.it 
est dr.iw b;ick.s in tli.; e irly d lys w as 
the often impj.-^sible road>;. Tiie loa;].^ 
were geaerally a ^ia^jle track through 
the great forest, and it wa-. unmy years 
before tlie trees wer- cut to h>t the snn 
in to dry them. Another diOiculty w.is 
the brldc;es. Tiierur\faU v. as lieuvior 
than of Late years and it seenifd tliat no 
matter liow lii^li v;c luade the bii'itr-.'s 
the water would ^ci high t;uoaL,'h to 
take them out. There was a wood-jn 
bridj^c over the river in r^Iaquoht ra })art: 
of the time, and ii was out a ^rnoi p;ii t 
of the time. Wlicn ihc bridj^e was out 
and tl)0 rivC'- low cnont;h we would ford 
it. But in the sprin;; tliere was niia h 
of tlie time the ro.i.d rhrou;^'h the river 
bottoms vrould ho undc-r water so we 
could not rt:i;eh the bridge. 

I rcmeruber that for a time there was 
a toll bridj^e kt pt by a .Mr. Parker, and 
I probably remeiMb'. i' it bceaust^ 2»lr. 
Parker had piaa .-r that le lp.ri him to 
wutch the l,ri<"l;;e. Tlur bird w.aiid rail 
Parker, ParkiT, t V(-ry tiijiiMt saw any- 
one a!)pro;;ehiii;,' tliu bridu'u. 

The schools in ilie early days were 
kept up by subscript icii, tliat is, the 
head of a faUiily v;ould ]'>ay an a^rixi.d 
amount to iho it:ach"r and f mnisii a 
Bhare of the lu* 1 a:id buard the ti a'.her a 
share of the terni, aUlyaii^li t-;uiie of flu; 
teachejs I wvUi to s;'h(.ot tolia 1 lamilios 
and lived in llie U' i;:hb j'-lionil. Tlie 
lir.st ifachrr I w'-iil, [o bool to n ,nd.ir- 
ly was Jac-ob Wlii-ti'.f. 1 think tliai he 
ti\ii;,'ht about ib.i L' years, tin- ni \i w ;is 
Jolui Orr, ;.i;d aft. r bini A. IJ. PariDcr. 
I went ior a t ihu- lo b'lwda ,((»(;<.-,, b.it 
my mind w.'.^.i'O tiu' tia' ia-r jnurh ni >je 
tbnn on t he sl adi 's. 

'J'lu.; j^rc.'L t'lii -.-.s l..< lv,-cri) tli'- fcrlii of 
thr "-LUiiia'kt 'a was t'i'll ^1 i, i".< iii tai' 



f-arly fifties and ther^i wa.< d-v-r v. 
turkeys iu're until ab.ait isTo Ja/id tii- j 
nver was full oi line lish. l ^viil d- j 
seribi'ouf lishing exeursiou u j.i. !i , w^.s | 
permitted to attend wh-jn u .-auill b »y. I 
My father and bi- broriu r, Tti.):u;:s and 1 
Bvulou Fi-a/aer. TJioo. Katoa aud I j 
think fienry Ilamim.! weuL li-ii-u^ r.. 1 
the mouth of vriiar is now cailu-l ilie i 
HurstviUe bianeh. Th-y to k ...\, | 
with tliem and arrivia- at rlu; rivca- b .•- ! 
gan eaifhic^ doa-n willows and trimiti- | 
off the line brusb, this mai.-,li lia-y mud.- j 
into a loa-^' role of liOoa., or GO f.,,;c I 
and aboat icrc tliiek ami l.-juud to- ; 
liether wirh bark, w irh loui; barn rooes ' 
tied to t ae:i nul. Wn-n co:uph-[. d tais 
crude .-vie Vv.is roll- d into tlie war-r and 
v.-liile s.ome of ilie men pulf.M ir chr.ai .h 
the water Witn tiu- )\>iv< a: bar':. o;!:r:s 
walked Itehind and laad tin; .-.r ia d.^vn 
This v.-a.s bar;! to haralle but was a co:m- 
plete Micee.-s. i:vcry h.iul n::ubj brot 
a lot of Jiice n.di, and in ot:e h-.-.ul tlu v 
had two hir^-e pickt-rel iu il:.; caicli, 
fully three feet lo;:;.:. One i.f tlienj 
went oat over tbi- top oi' the se:n hko a 
])ird, bat one of the ni'.n ^eeu:ed the 
otln.r wirli a .^pea:-. When they had 
e:r,K:!:t ell tlie il-ii they v. ani'.d. tiry 
dividt d I !e-jn m .<> m.iny pil. j a^ th-i.- 
were ahareia iji t.he I'liiy. My f,.'hec 
was ti.v.'U bblridfolded and wir.'i bis b u-k 
lm f;td to the pi!( s oi lish no was a-i;e'l 
who shouhl have tiic pii^ desi^-nated by 
one of the men by pultin:; hi> liand on 
the li-h, father v/ould call out the njt::e^ I 
and the la.st pile went to f;a!Kr. I 
J \V. Ki.w^. ' 



If» tl\f* Hirly fifti<'s the. farms iti tlrn 
f(»i-ks.ir r)iH .\L:qiu>kt fa \\-»iv wry small 
:!.M(l bur fovV of t)n> sorfl. r.^ Tiiised prMiii 
snlil M» i»t for ih' ir lu eds Many of tlu;iu 
would exchaii;,'^ It'uce posts and rails 
with the piairio farnuTs for grain and 
hay. Flonr wa.-i m ori? of a inxury than 
n iK'oessiry those days. Ooru broad was 
Iho staple* article. At l»Mst oace each 
week my father would biiu'-i: iu a sjaok 
of corn in the car, in the evenin;; tlie 
wa^h tub would be plared on the floor iu 
front of the fini place and we would all 
gather arourd a.nd helj) shell a ^'risr of 
corn. The nt xt luoi'tiinj,' father would 
throw the sack of corn on one of the 
horse^. and put one of the boys on top of 
the sack and start htMi to mill. .Souie- 
tiuies we would go to liOwrll aud sorue- 
times to Piriho'>k or Mc Cloys. Arrivii»g 
at the mill, the miller would help the 
boy down and take charge of the eorn, 
and tlie boy would tr}' to catch a mess 
of fish while waitin<4 for the grist, when 
the CDrn'was ^rrouud tin; miller loaded it 
on to the horso, io.-;S the boy on tfip 
and starred him home. 

Pork was raised very ehpaply in those 
day.*, the woods were full of ma-t on 
which hogs would thrive. Each seith r 
luid ids pvivuti' mark for his hoL*s, tin y 
wouM i>\xt that Uiark on the ho^rs in the 
sprinj,' and turned them out into the 
vroo'ls atid they thrived Vt ry well, un- 
til fall unless as soiut-riajcs happen'jd 
they .strayed ai.-ross the river, when iIk-j 
-would be gobble i wp and sold as e>rrays, 
then it would cost all they wtre worth 
to ledecm them. W« had con.->id< rabh) 
trouble on arcouut of a fatuily livinp; in 
Lowell, who we belit vcd took pains to 
drive our sto<. k aero s de; brki'^'' \\ li«^>o 
tiiry would b«'. poune- (1 upon and 'pat: in 
in the pouiul and sold I'or t .\[>i uses. 

One of oar nel;j;hb"rs had ii tlock of 
she'-p ninnin^' lAil atid tlu-y strayed too 
faraway atid v.eic. .-lir.t up ia LowoU. 
'J'h«: owtUT lif-ard that th«; :>h"i p had 
b.M i) shut up and a r>ui iin uvunimi- d 
fo:- iIk ni, but inbl'-ad of irvi \;: lo lais.j 



the ransom he shouldered his shot ;;uu 
and wenr for Jiis sheep, and he '.'or th.eni 
by simply openiui; the fence and tura- 
iug I hem our, and jrave the man to nu- 
derstand that if he iuterferred with his 
stock a^uin he would have to be picked 
up iu pii-ees and carried home in a bas- 
ket and that old fellow's stock was nev- 
er U)olested iu that way ajrain. 

Every body kept sheep t)iei] aud most 
of the settlers made their own clorhinf. 
The first suit the writer liad, other than 
home spnn, was a soldier uniform. My 
mother and >;isters spun the yarn and 
wove the cloth for the clot bin-: of all 
mend)ers of the faniily. 

Iu our imniedintti locality the settlers 
depended upon v. hat they could grow in 
their little cleared jiatches, and npoii 
their timber. But farther west almost, 
every settler was either a coop-. r or run 
a cooper snop. Flour at that time was 
put i'ito barrels, of which tlurewere 
many thousands uiade in the forlcs cac/i 
year for many years. Whiskey barrels, 
pork barrels and lard tierces wern .'dso 
raanufactunjd very lari^ely and sold for 
the most part in Galena. This industry 
farui.>h<Hl employment fo hundreds of 
men for m uiy years. The coopers and 
w.igon nuikers h.ad the lirst choice of the 
fine tiuiber that ouce prew in tli.; forks; 
the roiiroadi had ilio uc.yc whack at it, 
and the lime mauofactunns have about 
consumed what was left There is but 
little remninin*: of tho {:rcat forest ihat. 
was such an aitractioa to enii;j:r?\nrs in 
the early forti*'s and fifties. 

Tho«e who s^^ttled in the fork's h::d 
one advanta^iro over their neighl>ors on 
the prairie side, thoy could manufac- 
ture all tiu) swe. ts they cared fcr with- 
out any e.Kpense a-ide froju thtir labor. 
Nearly every seitli^r hail hi» su;;ar bu.>h 
and made enoii;:h maple suir.U' in i)ie 
spring' finn; to la^^t until i!io n«-\i .\scn. 
The v. oo'ls wer*.' fi;ll of b; es und i)u. stt- 
thjrs co»d<l have all \\us )».)?iiy lh»y 
wanted by ( uitin,; a e tree a:id I;.).* i,: 
DJt tlie li'in .y. 

I fC. 



From the tixuG tliaf I jirrivfcl ia t\H^ 
couMtry iu ISIJ. fhoro was nor much cli». 
privafiou aud haniships to eiioouuter. 
We always liad i)h'iit\'' of corn for br«»a(l 
an abuiidaiioe of ^orlc, ])otarot?s. niai>le 
sugar and syrnp. aud hoMey, and wlif-u 
we wanted them wild plum Its. bl;a'k- 
berries, r.ispIxT- ie.s and ;4oos»'bt:r.ri<-s 
wen) a iiH^-er failing crop aud^tho woods 
were full of tliiMu. 

Our immediate noi:xliborhood was'al- 
•ways peaceable and ([uiet. Wo iiad 
spellin^r school, sin;;in>: sch<iol and de. 
bating societies, but no meat tram-tly 
ev«'r occurred in our nudsr, alrhau^'h 
Monrponiery killed Brown wirbi:! less 
tlian two mdt.-i of our pl ict', and ir was 
bat or 7 mih-s to the seem- of riie kill- 
ing of luudt.'.-i by Alex GritVi)rfl, whifh 
wiLS the immediate cause of the forming 
of II Vigilance commitree at I roii Flills. 
of which 1 am colleeti/ig material from 
survivors for a more complete v rire up 
♦ hau has over been given to the public. 

Iu looking barikward and trying to re- 
call the names of fiiends and a- sociates 
of other days we almost feel that we are 
out of place, that we have out livfd all 
^ of our acquaintances of early days. C)f 
my father's- fjunily of oiev(Mi, there is 
only «.lster Mary aud myself remaining 
in iho state. Of the Ealou family, con- 
sisting of eleven members, there is not 
one h:ft in thi^ part of the couniry. Of 
the Joseph And^'r;^on fanuly, which I 
think had al.^o eleven members before 
tho war, Ih^ ro are ihrevi of tho cliildren 
still living in the county. The l^a/ieia 
all left the Ut ighl>r.i h.ood many >eiirs 
a'^'O. Of Xuthaniel W<Kids and hi'laij.'C 
fandly who4iv<(l in our ^ch'V•l di<rricit 
in ]K>'>, Mrs John J 'hnson (if Ajif!r» w, 
now only lemnMis 'i'hnntas 'J lnimpstiii , 
another neiglihor wi( h a lar^'e family, 
fui-.ml au rally giav.! in the sou'h iin<l. 
The wife and u.'d, (hmght» r wei.- cav- 
rit d otV \s iili ;i jh.iliun.uii fi vei- a i;d i ie* 
yo\lng«■^f cliiKlicn v> fic s/.in ircO and 
hr-ii trueii: of. C. li. Wuoils still (t\\/i.,s 
(In- farm his failier aciiuin-d in ' - 'o and 



my sister and inyst-lf >rill own :i p.n r 
the land our fariiMF pun-lj;»-«-d in l>:.v. 
All other iands in the huMliry hiive 
changed hands, some of if. many tinns 
since the early fifties. If lijHrt^ i> any 
oce living that can tell us, we wijt.lil 
like to know who rrmtiv. d ;n,d 
what became of t!ie old uidl frame 'ih.a 
stood ou the braneh iu\ir thi- Eat-m 
school house wh»'U the wrir ei- was a vt-ry 
small b:>y. Ic l:ad Uvn l.uiir by Jim? 
Henri in a very eail.\ day. bur was le v- 
er co:n]^l.'ted Mr. Henri thur h- own. d 
the la.Mtl when he und(^r(0'ik ro build tiic 
mill, bur l^-Mroini: helore it. was 4H»mple- 

ted th;it his title was Jio'r i: 1, he al>.«n- 

dotud. tie- work iuu\ the (.Id f!:i;:i" <r. «-.i 
wirhfjur rof)f or s^nling for nn.ny yf.irs. 
My reeoUectiMii i>, tuat it was pidl. d 
down ahour the bt-trinning of the v.\ir, 
and converted info another hmhliug, 
•J. W. El. us, . 

Some of ihc Old .Mills 

Editor of tiic Hl-coud: f rt-ad 
h pleasure J unc i Ellis' arncl ' on 
early bistury, in la^!. week's K -o >rd I 
think a R^e.iL <i< iil nioro .^hould be |«uh- 
lished while y^-t p i.^siblo t'» c »!l-c as. I 
^ir.d li Hlf Crtdy hard to do vviih u pos;- 
tlvo cerluliity a^ lo faeti;, we will coo- 
trihute ihi:^ •'mile" v. hich ^nc hav^ b. eti 
at ftoriie pains lo cathcr hnrl hop., ii 
vdll be fuU'id ! ruo. 

In ISH, Divld S 'ars. a p.oneer of 
MRqU'iket, I, bu:lt a ba v ni:;i on 

the S »uih P..ik.filiH ^laqii .kHtd liv. r 
Oh lat.d in .^ecii'ui l.'j, Siaim \\>rU Tu-p. 
This mill cii' lumbt r from lh«; M.quo. 
keta limb' c, for usii by th»; e.iriy -l-I- 
tiffs. Lo'ub. r 3 t;tj- ar,d plinj >.t».i'.< 
wa- nearly, if n^tl vpiif..' u'dcno.vu in 
easter n io.va dr.rifij: tl.». fl -t ft- .v y-nis 
of selllenu f.l , and IIk; naiive liun^tr 
w.is tt j.t»'!:l (.!< ;oi- in ihr d« \td.ii.rn -n'. 
»)f the C(aniti y 0.1. ."»'t.eiall> h. jng 
Hm d .'or fram Ui)' niid ^hlnijlp-, vvhtl 
bl.jek v^Mf.iil v.„- li.ii- h ii>. d foi ^il^<• 

in;: am; iii.i-hu.,; h ti.b..r. I e.^a ;.,;Ll 



oM housps yet St an (linn-, built ,tiftr-' 
J oars ft^o or more with f uounrh bUu k 
walnut lumber in thetn to brin^f ft}:(»od- 
ly sum l«»da\, 100">. if it wnn in proper 
form fur niurket. l b ^ oUI D.iviil Sear^" 
mil), after runiiin:.: severnl years, burned 
atjci v.-as rebuilt b \Vm. Sears, son of 
D.iviil, in 1>'')0. The S-idrses >o»'m"d to 
have been natural mill men fur I ilnd 
iu ISGl B.-nj;iraiii Scnrf built a. -aw mill 
on tbe south fork of the MHqu<'ket:i 
also on tcctitin 13 Hud ab >ut. one-half 
m le abo^e wh( re hii? fiither David 
built one in IPll Tnis lat. r ar^' 
mill was in operation about eleven 

in I inu h . ai'lier driy, lS'i7, Hcoord 
ine: to reoord, J«»m ph ITcJiry built asaw 
mill on Mill -r P -iirib cr.ek, in sec- 
lion 3'j, So\ith Fork T\v|»., perhaps a 
half mil*- (aeeordiuj: to tradiTi >n) up 
stream f m . e Josepli McCloy 
built in ]-:'41, tht- fir~t s' mill that 
bolted i\ u' Jackson ty. This 

^a- ly saw mill built by Uerjry, [or Some 
reason or ut ut^c \>y->y d a fit lu«'e, ac- 
cording to lecorded Jackson county 
' hir-lory, doinjj but littl.'. if a'jy suwintr, 
which was u seriou'^ drv. vvb.tek for the 
fow earh. St S''i'lers in the Ma<"iUoketa 
country, for I do (u>t ti d a- there was 
any other saw mill in Jackson couniy 
excepi the on*.- buili by 3 ll >ird Sub- 
lette at B..'ll« vue in 'ho year 18:j(j. I 
find rrcnids diff. r as to the R-ll-Sub- 
lo't*^ mill, t-'ivin.^' iwo Jhites, ISW and 
1S.-5S. r)r Lltt le acq ii'-ed title to this 
earix m ", or tl-H built on or fr ar this 
mill site Htid af cr ^t•verHl yca-s t nie 
movvd it east, of Maq i »kera on Mill 
ertek arid pf rha_r;s H q iar tf-r ttf a inile 
or h rt'-.ib»>nt- ('..>.vn ^tl•«.Htn f«t|i\ 
whec^ Jo.-»'ph Wilh-y bidlt a stone mill, 
\v)ie'-h was afterwards iiurchased, and 
operai«'d for a numltcr of w-ars by J^en- 
eea \^M^;ln^^, rituatcd .-n .he S. \V. 
quHrtt.r of r^elii n 'JO, Maq'i >\:\.\^\ Tv. !> 
bin slOMO t.'rivf mill tn I -I'T 

III th- e.»i In f t .1 th«.' inll jx .)f an 
i^J; aU s ir.to J..el:M. ll c^>Uot y v 1 



lar^e and it seems those early day 
saw mids were exfromely nec-*ssary 
to t»oe country for ttioy ao'p ar to hnve 
followed \n rapid succe.-sion. Tne n-^xt, 
saw uiill built on the -out.h f.irk rf tl;e 
M..quokfta above where Ben Sei-n-' 
mill wA- builr, in 1S31. was built-in 
ab.iul lS4o by Jc-^so Wilson. T »o non 
by nnme of SMmp^on and Faii b'-olher, 
or at least Pairorothrjr, h -td an mt irt-sl 
in it. This mill done a jrreat b'j-ine?s 
for seme tira<-, running: day a id nij^'Qi. 
Later, [ unil*?rstanfi,i i p.i-sed into the 
haL'ds of IV-Jf and XiuktM-jon, who nd- 
ded a fivUiriiiir niill u'ld woolen factory . 
Those in lis wcro th^ Pin flovjk mi'.!:?. 
Some years a^o tuey ourued down and 
never vva- r<- bull Thror*. m:h-s we.-t 
of Pill ifook, on tile river and - on, or 
near the S 10. quarter of seciicn IT, 
South Pt)rk Tsvp., J dm l^all buiU a 
saw mill in or abjut Ki't. Tlils mill 
v/as in operation for nearly a sc »ro of 
year.s. It was at this old mill data 
where tin writer and other youn^ set- 
tlers of bis ai^e, on the plra=iint >um- 
mer boyhood days, when the outer 
world and all the o[»oosite sex was s'jiit 
out from view by the bluffs anii woods, 
usod to be clothed in i;irni"nts cut 
so lov/ in the neck they m.ide tracks in 
the sand. About one pjI'o and a quarter 
up the stream on the X. \\\ quarver 01 
sec lS,S'»uth Fork Ta p.,Cro*veli Wdion 
prcvi«.us to Ibis, budl another vvat. r 
Sii'A' mill in or about IS'il, Tins ir.id 
Was si:t>"t II v.-d for to.iu nfler ic was 
built a ll I. d on the rivor took out the 
dain TiT'd uiideriuined the mill -o i^ 
topph (1 into the stream The Iol's iu 
tin: \t;d wa.> rafte d dosvn to the I'iu 
Ib»ok caill. W't? I r.i'ie on th.- .M.<q ike;:t 
rivt-r, west of 'to- line of ^^a■fl siie-.t, 
M .qii.drola.withij) a d .afanoo of oi uiih^s 
wo->t iis the ch.ijn (f>M S, live eav/ njill>, 
luo f! ii:ri(,jf oilils ».i.d two wiioh.ii mills 
in{'I'u,eii' <4 t lu: L"'. ■• 1 luiila creeled iti 
lh.. « .:i l\ foi livft b\ Sear.-. DoidiU'e ioul 
W.i.J.t. -\il th ..-.r milU ai.d ih *nlt»- 
Co mci.^ioto d 111 ll.i-> ai Ci;Ui.t \\<.iv* 



water mills and have cone th»» way of 
the piooecTs. Tboir wheels have hej u 
citillcdby ihe Ch.int^t d conJitiDaii. nj st 
of them are totally »)bliberaTed Jii»r] all 
the dam? are only a trace, exc»*pt the 
PiD II(K)k dam, kept iii piaoe to ulTord 
a pood tield for Maquoketj 's ii^e sup>}.ly. 
If thij! history isu'i, et)rrect it, is as near 
to u as it hp* bt'on po^sibla for me to 
learj), owina: to Ihc .silence of . rt'{'or() 
and the ULcei tain njeaiory of c-ld mau. 

— «— 

A Few Settlers of Otbcr Days. 

AUhouy:h 1 fail to have imicU of tho 
personal liistory of all tho following,' par- 
ties, I wish to record them a>aiuou^ t!io 
early settlers of n.y part of J"arkson 
county, that time Uiay not soon obliter- 
ate tlic riiomory of them as among tlio>o 
Vv'ho helped to lay the foundation of 
Jackson coiiuty's present and future 
weal. 

In lSo4, Thomas Harvey, with his 
fauiily, cauie by ox team to JacksOn 
county, Iowa, from \Vaukee.q:au, III. .and 
settled in South Grove, Monmouth Twp , 
vhere the balance of his life was spent 
persuing the avocation of a farmer. His 
family of children were eight: KUza- 
both, Oiuirlos, M .ibvllo, Mary Ann, J alia, 
Jumcs, Itiehard and Ida. James of this 
family was accidentally killed over thir- 
ty years ago wJiile huntiu«.;, by having; 
his pun disc'harj,'ed wliile getting 
throur^ii a fence. 

Robert Swan, who I believe nnirriod 
Elizabetli Harvey, imii^rated from near 
Wankeej-ran, III., to Jackson coiitny, in 
]8.Vj. He and his younj.^ wite car.ie l>y 
wa;,'on, driving' a yoI:e of cattle and 
loadin<",' three cows behind. 'J'hi y set- 
tled abo;;: two miles sour!ie:isf oi villi 
liock, in Sf»uth Cirov*";, Monmo'irii Twp., 
where tluy f(illowed fanninic fur a livo- 
lihood. Tl:<,.'ir cnildien wi-re: li.iitio, 
nosy the wife of Will ho'Mu of M.ujuo- 
keta; Knunie, wile oi WiU-jti ')'< ei,i : t.f 
iS'fkShville ; Ida, wii'o of Win. No.;'." oi 
irouth Gro^-e; \ViMi im 'J\, wiio J h iii ve 
d'l.d youn;;. and Wiidjh r, ii far;... liv 



inp two miles south of Xashvillc 

Another early settler in ^^ourh Grove, 
wlm I believe settled just ov«»r tlu' Hue 
in Clinton county but afterward became 
a resident of Jackson county, was James 
Illin.i;sworih. In about lS4s ho came 
from Euud.iud to Illinois and ia In-VI 
moved to this part of Iowa. He was a 
line old man, positive and original, but 
never could j:»rt out of the habit of call- 
ing Ku^iland, Hen<:land. If he was to 

tell you to <,'0 to h you would liave 

thought it was some newly discovered 
country call»fd Vll Re raised a tim; 
family cousisrin.!; of Mary Jane, who 
was Hir.im Burn v p's first wife v. hilo 
she lived : Georj^e. now of N«'braska; 
Anna and Louisa, wli ) di- d single; 
James ; Tj\resa, . \vl:o married Clarence 
Buruap of lv'in'«as, and Caroline. 

Peril ids 1 will l»n rx-msrd if I refer to 
our own family of which we know more. 
We were not pioneers, nf)t coiniti,^: here 
until the spring of JJ^oG, still one who 
came hare -iO^'cars ai'o i-; not. a tender- 
foot. My fat hi r, Ilirajn Sc ley, was 
born iii Warren county, N. Y., and with 
his fatlier, Wm Seeli-y, and family, 
emigrated to Crawfi)'d county, western 
Ponn>ylvai»ia,wh.en ii was a co!np:ir.»tive 
forest wilderness. Tln>re father married 
Julia A. Bagh-Vi daughter of John IJag- 
ley, who when sixrv« n years of age came 
to that yet wild country with a yoke of 
c>tttlo and with only unotln.r yoinig 
man about his age as a companion. 
Tiiere };ranrif .itlivr hatgley bogan clear- 
ing a farm and wcijt sixty uiil»-s to 
riit.shur.:h fr»r hi> f«'W indispcnsible ue- 
ce>b.iri'.s. Two yf.ir> b. fdre father wa< 
married became \\t -.f ti) ll!iii<>i> in l■^l■J. 
I supp.ise he left a jm-ait-r attr.ici i )n W- 
bin. I him than h«; f-aind in tiic swamps 
of central Illinois, f<»r he S'lO i ndurn. d. 
iii.irri' d .md b gau to hew a f.irni nu' of 
ih.i b'.e'.hes and tiui-liv- of J '.-n N'.n:n 
oi will 'i» be so iU tired, ami in is'iH, le 
with his family ca-n" tvi Jack^«)n eoaniy 
J lis lU.^t .it.iy wa * witii flyman I' lU-.-. 
who wa.s i\ n-htlive atid h -al rni;ig|u 



Jackpou county, from Wiirren couuiy, 
K. Y., iu 1S8S, with J. E. Goodenow. 
Father bought a piece of land lu^ar a Mr. 
DeGrush, f-.thur of Fred. His land was 
uubrokeu, with no buildings on it. The 
summer or '50 J)e worked land owned by 
Mr DeGrush, and moved a shack about 
14 feet square onto his own land and put 
up some western ouibuildin^-s, a straw 
stable and a slab •^jrauary, iu which he 
stored the f^rain he raided thai year. We 
moved into our 1-1x14 palace that fall 
aud oue night we took iu, fed and slept 
twelve men, women and children, who 
were travelin;^. It made tloe old slkick 
look like a box of sardiue:j. The coming; 
winter was the winter of 60 07, said to 
have been the coldest in the hi.>^tory of 
Iowa. That winter father hauled his 
firewood some 1'2 miles, from near Burts 
caves, with a yoke of oxen, it took him 
from before dayli^;ht uiitil after night- 
fall to make a trio and cut hi:s load. In 
February a spaik from the stove pipe — 
chimneys were mostly stove pipes those 
days — firt'd our stable and granary and 
ull father's grain and ft ed went up in 
smoke. I was too youn?^ to know just 
how father felt about it, but we suppo?;e 
somerhing like I did in when in our 
first year in S,\c county, -lOO (.orr^s of n-y 
crops wont otV in a hail storm. Father 
Bold his land there in siction OS Maquo- 
keta township, and bought ngaln near 
Andrev,', and the next vt-ar, 1Sj7, while 
hving at file latt*-r place, fath»-r saw 
Harger, \vl"> shot his v^itV at B-^dlevue 
iu ]<S.j4, hung by a niob May lS, l^r.T, 
aud on the same old oak tree whern 
Abo CuitVord was linrhcd .\ijrii 11 of 
tlie s.mjo year for killiiig .John Ingles 
of I'^irmera Creek lov/ashiji, March 27, 

l!ifitherof these two ufl" lirs father 
.had no part, but as ihn law at that time 
nmvi'd ab(»ut as swift ami not finite as 
Certain as th'» gla/."r. if would h ivr l-< i n 
n()thing against him if he liurl, .su?nc of 
the b(.'>;t iii.'n in this eounry played quit..' 
U part in ihe lianoval of tho-,u two men. 



AVhat is called "the ramble lust" was 
alwas to some 'extent in the blood of a 
Seeley, and after about a year at An- 
drew the old clearings in I^Miusylvania 
began to look to father like the garden 
of Eden, so we "pulled stakes" aud 
went back, but after a few months 
auiong the stumps and nigger-head«; ir 
distroyod the limelight thai he thoapht 
the Pillsburgh and Erie canal wastiic 
center of, and the fall of 1550 found us 
in Macinoketa, wherr3 we wintered, and 
in the spring of 'GO bought and moved 
onto land at Buckhoru. The most of 
our lives since ha.s l.een spent in this 
section. 

Farmer Bi'ckhop.x. 



Pioneer Life in Iowa. 

. Having been solicited by the editor 
of the Record and aUo by my old 
friend, Jim Elliij, 1 will try to contrib- 
bute somewhat to the history of lov-ra 
and especially as to what J know of tbo 
early events of Jack-on county. To do 
this intelligently, I must ro back to 
my starting point. 

On the 3r)th of October. 1^50 I start- 
ed from Pittsburgh Pa. for what was 
caHcd the far Nve.st at that tluie. 

There were but few railroads ea-t of 
Pittsburgh and nono west of it. 

My jsuto of travel lay down the 
Ohio rl-cf and up the Miss.ssij.'pi. J 
oniTOCcii patsaijG on ihe noble sloam- 
orS.l>. Bluugp.rian which plied regular, 
betwe? 2 iLe ttai ling point and St.I-Xinis 
and nftt-r a tedious voyage of 10 daye I 
rofielic'vi St. I>oui>-; whero I stopped over 
two da'.-s waitir;g fo" an up river siohm- 
i.v dvr=iined for D-ibuquo Iowa, and after 
auoth'ir run of -I da\ s I was lande d at 
the laU 'r pliice, r-oniowhat falipoed on 
Recount of lh(i Ion;' and Icditnis trip, 
ul orluek .\ M. Nnveinh'.T CtM, and 
after lo(>k ing the f-niall but ll.rivir.g 
t»jwn of 1 )ubu([H(! over i\ lillirt wt.ilo 
lljt-ro ui rlv'd unclher ftc nuiT vnh 
f omo t-miu'raMfj lb.;.l ul.sO ^lal ttd from 



Pittsbui'fi: and ni-oong thero was u fum* 
ly, with which S wh^ scmt-vvhui ac- 
quaintf-d, whose desliimtion was lo 
the saint- point I ain^ed /oi,15 mil^s 
sooth of Dubuque wht-re livi d an old 
neighbor by the nume of Daniel Coun, 
who had btavt-d the. wilds of Iowa tev 
cral years bcfure The fiimil> ah. ve 
rcftred to, coDsittcd of J..Imi Kt-mt-iv 
aod wife and ab..ui (» chil.fren, a^;. d 
from Rbout 12 year?, aurl down, rtnd uvo 
younsr men somdwhht rt'latf*), Ouver 
and Danial B) said by tjatn. ,.i.'d my 
self. Mi-.K^ tDt rer hired a it^nm lo 
haul his faiuily and a piirtt»f his hou^e 
bold floods to the place of dr>tit a* n. 

Our party left Dubuqut ut I . e. ..ck 
P.M. wo had Jo miles before u> and 
the roads were somewhat ht;avy od ac- 
count of recent rains, oi:r procuress 
was necessarily slow. The first un 
miles was not very d^iilcuh, bui now it 
beg-an to. bns dark and the country be- 
?aa to be very spar^ely settltd and it 
wasrainiDi?, our road lay throujjh an 
open piuiri^- with no fvnsos or holJ^e m 
sifrht. Bu» we inHuagttd to keeu the 
road through th dark on aco ui.tofthc 
grass on either sid*,aft'-r pi iubiti;:: our 
WHv of 2 or 3 miles by the aid of our 
grass fence at Iho side.^, we came to a 
larne piece of breakinp, throujjh 
which the road pas^ed. And here is 
v\*he!o our dinieulties hfUAQ Jt 
was raining'- hard and wo lo-t the ti aok 
on tho breakiUi?, whi(!h brought ( ur 
parly lo a stand still and iifter h 'Iditiif 
a council, it was decided to leave tbf> 
waf',on loK'cthcr with the fmnily and 
drive r to stKud still till we, that weio 
loose fo''ttd, could njake a r(Cf»n'(ti- 
pance and flt)d nn outic t. Acco- rl r.^ y 
two of us sturtcd to trnvol around 
lln ouH'h t he dark for at le i>t ari h ur 
\'. itliout any sncees-i, unle.-j il v. as that 
wr found (HI i ;:<' I V OS lost on }in f)p< n 
pn;iri(> j;y ihi^ time ue br.,] no id^a 
hov: far wo uere fioni flu' w:'.j.:(h). or ii. 
what direction ihe breaking; was fr.nji 
n-, hcTt^ our pi edidrncnt was w n .-.e 



than ever.- We helloed at the top fo 
our voices, to see if we could f^et a re- 
ponse from the waj^'on, but il would 
not CO. We traveled a while in vrhat 
we thounht rnii/ht be in the direciiuu 
of the viafjon party, but it proved be 
in the opposite direction. We stopped 
a£ain to hello a number of tiuii s, - one 
time we j^ot an ar.swer just in hearing 
distance, it wa^ from a belated bo\ re- 
tufuinp from bis woi k «o liis borar>. 

The boy was cominpr toward us and 
B3 so{»n as he, w s in e-isy speaking dis- 
lar.ce he inquired what the tioublc 
was, so wt- told ) im we were lost and 
wanifd to titid a ro.id that would lead 
to Daniel Courts plu.-c and the bi»\ an- 
swi red, come - .vt-r- to the roail nd po 
frailes south at.d you will gcL there- 

We told the boy to stay till we nvt 
there, a id then he be^an to expluin 
the route more definite But Wf ir.ter- 
rupted him by teliinp bira tba' wo 
had als») lost a waiiou somewhere *'v)i 
a family of children and others which 
we lir-t wanted to find before we were 
ready to proce» d, tolling' the boy it wms 
on a large peice of b. cakin;^ where wo 
lost the road. The boy told us there 
was only one peice of breakincj in the 
t.ci<?hborhood and that was 2 miks 
north and we mu^t follow this road to 
a certain crossing and then turn to tho 
rijfht. But v;e «vere in do u)Ood to 
make funhei- . experiments. So we 
olTered the b..y a <loh.-4r to pdot us to 
our wagon and act r.s ^'Uide for the re- 
mainder of our j')i.',rney, this the boy 
cjujer-ly accepted and in du-^ time we 
made our landing; at 10 o'clock P.M 

Hero we met with u m «^t cordial ic- 
cei^tion .Mr. Court appeared at his bi >t, 
and his noble wilS', w.ia so enc^^^' d 
in prp[)arirri,' a hearty ^uppe^ f<'i* v. l.ich 
our whole parly wu^ more t li;r» re;idv. 

It wa-^ now 11 o'elo- k and it n ^oin !v> 
n:c to be a wondoi- how thi^ now 
l;«rK.'e family Cfudd lu' lutl^t d foi tl.- 
i c:iij iinder (»f the nlnhl. JU:t lhl> pr«^di- 
lem v.iiS r.con solved. !*Mi-»«:i.lii .J^mv 



tbRD Alsliouse strpprd in, whoso rosi- 
deDCe ua.-i i mile distatuv, Lpbnj?5 
AlshouFe, a brother vvho bived oearhs- 
al?o came, for the sole purpose o( tak- 
ioK in a part of the newly arriyed eini- 
grnuti. e Alsbouse boys, as we then 
called tbeni, were formerly from Wil- 
kiuburj:, a suburb of F'itlsburf;^ Pa. 

So after we were distributed to onr 
several lodjrinRS we fell perfectly at 
home, and it was now 1 cclcek A.M. 
and so ended my first days experience 
in Iowa. 

All the above named partleei of wliom I 
will havtt more to tuy in the future, 
lived in the iu^meadiato vicinity of the 
pre?5ent Zwin^'lo on the line that sepa. 
rates Dubuq le from Jackion County. 
Fifty five Yeaks in Towa. 



Rcc llwCtion^of Marly Days. 

Recolkctious of early days, writteu 
by J. W P'llis for the Jacksou County 
Historical Society. 

I thiii'i it .V »s ia the summer of 1S57 
that my father met with a great loss. I 
had previ>)u>ly ment oued that there 
was a lar^e frame barn on our land, part 
of it was us d for a horse stable, part for 
u granary and coru crib, ami ia thi' lorg- 
est part was what wo called a tranii>inj,' 
fl »r, a large. roi»;n \vi I) a double tiC)or 
where we ihrtshed out tlio wheat and 
oats with horses My father would lay 
two -ouises of sht'ave> iu a circle around 
the room \^iih the htsuU ov» r-lappin*?, 
theu a couple of us boys would mount a 
horse and trot around aud around this 
circle l»»adin«; atio- in r hor.-^-.), my lathc-r 
continually turning; tlie .^heaves until 
the fcraiii was all tramped out, after 
which tIh; srr.iw woaid he t h r(j .\ n olV 
and tlie j^rain run t}ir*jui;li a lanniii); 
mill. On one occasion aft»-r wc had becu 
cleaning' op I he wheat and liad h;'t con- 
hid* vable cln-Vo!i the llo ir, n»y liMle 
4 year tild br a iwv saw .sfjinc niic - l;iihn;j^ 
in t he chiilV anil it u furr. (I lo him that 
it w(»uM b,» a ^'<»od ill. -a to iMiiathf iu 
out. My father and all tin- I'!,: i)iys 



were away from home at the time au 
mother was very busy and not payinj? 
much nttcnrion to the little tots, so that 
Johnny managed to jzet some coals from 
the fireplace and proceeded to burn out 
the mice, with the result that the bani 
and contents, cou>isrinj^ of 41)0 bushels 
of coru, 12 tons of hay, .some oats nud 
two sets of harness went with th<^ u'lice. 

Tjiat fall there was an early frost 
which caught all the coru, aud ihat win- 
ter aud the next spring; ami summer, 
coru suitable for bread sold for -^1.00 per 
bushel. 

The .Teruiau b:\ru. ns it was called, was 
a laud mark that will bo remembered by 
m:>ny who a;-.' y«'r livi-jj;, itstor.din 
1852, only partially built, near where 
Andy York's house now staLds IVier 
Jerai in had starred to build tlie barn, 
which lie laid out with ^'cuerous plans, 
but before it was completed he undr r- 
took to dif^ a well, tho ground at the 
spot chosen for the well was saudy and 
caved iu and killed hitu, so that neither 
well nor baru wt-re ever completon. T 
well renunnbcr a holu iu the hide of t)ie 
barn next, to where tlie road ran thior.f^h 
his place, that it was said old Peti-r cut 
out to ^hoot tlirou^'h whi n parties came 
to ^tpa^ his ^Maiu, as he anticipctcd tht-y 
would do. Thore was a tradition that 
he had money buiried sonu-'.vhere on 
t!ie land. I have i.cwT lieard that Ainly 
York f;aind tho buuied treasure, but he 
certainly has mnnaj^cd to extiuctcfju- 
si lerablo wtalih from the old farm. 

The modes of convt-yauce iu the early 
days here were heavy linchpin wayo.as 
di awn by horses or oxen, or ridin;,' hoise- 
back. I am quite coniid-ml lhv.ro v.af 
imt a carria^'o or bu:ruy in the forlis f>t" 
the Mnfiuoivcta in i>«"»2 and am not sure 
thai tht.re v.-as a fraiiiC house. Tlu; fir.-t 
vt'hicl': that I can reniembir that couJd 
be <;a!L'<l a carria;re v, as a two hcati d 
wa;,'oa parch. I'^'-d by .Tohn \Vu.>dr, IN-i , 
1 thailiabo it J"-''-, at)d U was ia I 
(h inand at all funrrali ia oe.r a. i;:V.b t- 
ho )d lor yvMi- .\i !,-,on Ln:: ^ al.>o ;:'.t :v 
ri;iia;.:e ia thfhUi'S, aa<l llo " 
II 



were all that I had any kiiowledj?e of , 
prior to the wv.v. It \va> a groat thiug 
in those 'lays to owu a carriapre. 

The fiddle was rhe principal aud al- 
most the ouly musical iustrament in the 
country iu tlio oarly days. I reiueuiber 
very well the first piano 1 ever saw. [n 
the winter of ISOG or 'o7 Uaclo Joe An- 
derson was haulitip: wood to Dr. Allen, 
and was invited to briiifi his family- 
down to hear Miss Ivare .\llen play tlie 
piano. I was invited by some of the 
children to ^To alonj,' nud Uncle Joe totk 
a sled loud of ns dov/n to the I),;cror's 
house, which srood north of wl»or»; the 
Stephens bank now stands, and Miss 
Allen entertained u>; nicely, it was the 
first time that any of the part;, h id ever 
Feen or heard a piano and it svas a ^'reat 
cveixt witii us, I know I felt f^omnwhat 
stuckup over my brothers and sisters as 
I had heard and seen a piano uud they 
liad not. 

For some years after coming to Iowa 
uiy mother cooked over a fire-place, but 
fioally faiher took a couplo of loads of 
dressed boss to Lyons and brou;,'ht home 
a new box Ftoye with a whole lot of 
bright tinware, and we had soniothing 
to brag about at school. 

There was one character iji our coni- 
inuuitj in the early days, urouud wliom 
my memory clini,'s wifh fcelinirs of deep 
veneration and fond alii.'ction, 1 refer to 
Dr. Ch irles L. Usher, a pionci;r of the 
early forties and a gooil sauiaritan t*j the 
early settlers in evi.ry sens..' of the word. 
The coctor wasa welcome guest in ev» ry 
cabin and never failed to rffij)oud to a 
call for help in sickne.-s, day or ni;:ht. 
I He was a graduate of an Ohio nu'rli.-ul 
I college, and hi-; greatest ambition in life, 
i as he often toM the writer, wa-; todu all 
the good )k; c\Kild to his fi-llow men. His 
service,} were in firt-at demand, but p(Kn-. 
ly l).iid for, and hf v.-. is como'dlcd lodi^;, • 
dry juifl graind up a-id jiff[.;iri- thr lif^rbs 
fliat lie u-.i-d in his remedies. Many 
times tin;, writer h is hi Ipi fl ]iim to ili;; 
« and colli r.i lnirilo;k, Indian cup, .squaw 



cabbage, golden seal and m.uiy other 
herbs ns^d by him. The d wtor hnted 
dogs and often rem irk- d, that no turn- 
ily was too p^wr to afford several dogs. 
He was also bitterly opposed to the use 
of tob:;cco and intoxicating liquors He 
lived to aitaic a great age, honored at,d 
respected, but died poor for the reason 
tliut ho was a poor collector, had he kept 
an account of his services and looi^ed 
after the collection of his fees as some 
modern doctors do, ho might have been 
a wealthy man. 

One of the early day preachers that I 
remember quite well was Rev. MuUholl, 
who occasionally held service in our 
scho<.)l house and ^^rayer iMCCtings in the 
houses of the settlers. On one of his 
visits to our neighborhood he accosted 
Joel Woods and said, "My boy do yea 
know Jesa.s Christ?" Joel said, "No 
air, don't think he lives in tho timber, I 
think be must live on the prairie." Joel 
has never heard the lust of his answer 
to the preacher. 

One little adventure that befell me iu 
the early days v.-ill help to illustrate 
gome of the dilUculti?s we met v/ith. 
Father sent me to town on horse back 
for the mail and some groceries, it had 
been raining bird bat clear-^d up before 
I left home, it commenced raining again 
just as 1 got into town and never let \ip 
lor one moment until after dark, and ,t 
was awful dark. As soon as it stopp» d 
raining I mounted the hor.-e, one that 
wu had owned only a ^hort time an.^ 
was bluni iji one eye, and started for 
liouie. 1 got alon;: nicely until Icrox-ed 
fli:- old v,o>jden bii.l::e and struck the 
limber, whieh at lli if ti'.iie crew light 
dowi. to the cud of the biidg,, when I 
enterid th«i forest it was like entering a 
dark ronni and I Cv-ul I not s'je n»y hand 
when held hefor..' mv eyes, and the ejiily 
Way 1 <:oiiM tell wh-fi i he li'U s.' wms 111 
tin: road wu.«> liy tho soiind of hi> tut 
fipla-hin,": in thv^ wati-r, tlic in-.tiint le; 
>ti-^jpv 1 out o[' tb.e road I he s mod of l:i^ 
t«.el was niuliUd by llu. h avc.i a:nlgr.i^.s» 



60 I niuuaged to keep in the rciad uuiil I ^ 
got uithin i\ lialf mile of hmnc' when 
the ri\in befiau pouring down atriiin and 
inv old hoi\»^o got out of the road and in 
my clTorts to ^vt hin\ back he st ambled 
over a the tru7ik of a fallen tree and be.- 
came hopele -rly ancliored \Yith his front 
legs on one side of tho tree and hi.s hiad 
legs on the other,! could feel the lo^' un- 
der my feet but could not go backwards 
or forwards. As a last re.sort I conchul- 
cd to try niy luu^' power, I could rival a 
Commanch Iudic»n in yelliuL; tho^e days. 
I gave u couple of wluiop.s and was over- 
joyed to b. cm an answeriu^', t^hout and 
bo'ou saw a couple of faint lijzhts gleuni- 
iug throu;:h rhe trees, which came near- 
er, guided by the responsive hhoutiqg, 
and in a short time luy father and older 
brother crrived on tlie scene, with 
torches made from dry niaph- fclivers, 
and immodiatoly relieved mo from my 
embarrassing position. 

I roamed through the forest a grra 
deal when I was a boy, but wu^^ never 
lost or turned around as the saying i::. 
Father taught his boys to handle and 
shoot a gun and aUowed us to go hunt- 
ing as Boon as we were able to carry one. 
One of uky places to l.unt was 

the sand ridge where tho village of 
llurstville now .stands. When I was a 
boy it was covered with second growth 
white oak, a specie of tree that retains 
the foUiage all winter, hence was an 
ideal place for hunting pheasants on a 
mootdight night. I was a little timor- 
ous about approaching tl»e oiist r nd of 
the ridge, wh'trc the Indian burying 
ground was located, when ou a liiglit 
excursion alone. In the days before tlie 
war thcie was a lake tmd a pond north 
of the saw mill and east of wIk i e S .-na- 
tor IlurstV house now stamN, tlmt act- 
ually teemed with llsh of tlic best and 
gaM)iesi varieties, lx\-s, pike, pickerel 
uud 8un-Ush. and I can clo^j my eyes 
ttud Kco tlu- old willow and i-lm trees, on 
V.'hdso roots r could ^t:lnd and yank «»ut 
tlu." li;.h to Miy Ir iuts content. Tle re 



Wf re two tither ponds, in wlnit is now 
Xisson's corn field, where lishing was 
good and wliere I have enjoyed sport 
shooring wild ducks. 

Deer and wild turkeys were quire 
plentiful in the forks prior to the v.ar. 
but 1 never had tiie t?atisfaction of kill- 
ing oj;e in my boyhood days, but sou.e, 
of our neighbors killed a good many. and 
a cuu^i^ of thf writer, William Kiiis, 
v/ouM quite frequently bring in tho 
Cir(;ass of a deer to our place and leave 
it until he could come for it with a 
horse. The nearest I over came to kill- 
ing a deer wJien a boy at Ixnne, was 
when I was about 10 years old. I went 
into the wor>ds with a snudl ritic one 
moruaitera light snow fall, and soon 
struck a fresh deer tmck and followi djit 
tiu'ough the thiok(!ts where it had b( on 
browsing finally coming to a maple tree 
tlmt had been blosvn down when full of 
leaves, I was thinking whatn nice pluce 
for a deer that would be and while 
wulkiug around the lop, up jumped a 
V)ig buck and looked me .<?quar»i in the 
face, I yelled like an Indiau and : the 
deer started off with 10 and '^0 foot 
jumps, and 1 never thought of my gun 
until the deer was prett.v well out of 
rang.?. My folks had a great d^al of fun 
at my expense when 1 told them of my 
adventure. 



Ivecolloctions of ICarly Days. 
Theodore Fischer, Sr., was a piori-^cr 
of Tete-des-Morts township, Jacksou 
county, Iowa, and was a veteran of two 
wars. Ho was hovn in We>tphr\l!a, 
Jan. 21, isJl, and came to Americ.i in 
ISll, laufling at ^^'ew Orleans then cane' 
to Sr. Louis and for a tiuie wuiked on 
steamboats on tht; M i->is-ippi rive r. Ju 
IK). 5 he went to (ialena and worl.t d 
tliere and at Mineral Point. Ho madi- 
Hrveral trips to Kcw v.n leans. Wh' n 
tlic Mi'xic.in war broke out he etdi^ti I 
in Walden.ar I'i. eln r's Company ii. 
Missouri I.igtit Artilli ry and v. mu.-- 



1 



tm'd into The U. S. Service rho 21st day 
of Junt> ISIO, ixnd priTticip:iu\l in the 
follou'iiicf b.itrK\s: Palo- Alto, RHsata 
Drt-la-Pahna. Baeua-Nisra. Vera Cruz, 
Ctu»;nill(-M'»'«'.^i''i"'i-<^''»^'<^^^'. Tobacco, L.i-- 
Pascaal aud \loiirer»'y. AVh'.'ii the war 
was over hti wciu h ick to Sr., Louis and 
was married. His wit'e dyini; with 
rhok»ra afrer fziviiij.' birrh to a ^nrl b ihy. 
H»! afterwards mairitd Carolim- MfnUf, 
and canio to Jackson coujiry, und s«'r- 
tied in Teie de— Morts township, where 
he remained until liis death Junt 15, 
IJSOJ. Tu 1^{U. Ins township bein^' short 
on its quota of st'lditrr>; he was dratted 
into U. S. Servict' and served under 
Sherman until tlie vud ot the war. He 
held two houfawblo dirchariTes froiu th'^ 
U. S. army for service rendered in two 
different wars. While liviuir in St. 
Louis after hiri return fmni the ^U•xiean 
war, he made an ovm -land trip, wiih 
oxen, across the plains and nionuraint 
to Santa Fee, New Mexico Ter. Mr. 
Fischer was a.i honotable, upright tnan 
respected by allj who knew him. His 
childrnii are: Anna, \\ife of Peter Krd- 
lues, St.Donatus; Autoine, in Dubuque; 
August, 13enuetsville ; Thei'dore, Jr., 
j\hifjn.)keta ; John, St. Donatu-; Caro- 
line, wife of Math JCvi-ns. Sprin^'luool: ; 
lJ».'nry ow the old homestead in Trte dcs 
INJorls townsbip. which hi.s I'a! her ac- 
quired with ri land warrant received for 
services in the Mexican war Tht^-odoxe, 
Jr., has a 'uedal fonneily ftwned by his 
frtiher, eonjinemoratini; the bitllcs that 
he was in, in the Mexican war. 



IMoneer I. lie In Inua. 
Uy Levi U .e^o'iiT. 
After bavin;: r(»nt wtsl n)y actjnaint- 
aiiCG with my foi ne'r nei;:b!)or.-,. Illo^t uf 
wluMii had ]irec)'. ded vw- and w ere s."t- 
tlt d in and arnnnd Zwiii^jlr-, soni'- in 
l)ub\i((ue county and s(j;ne in .lael.-son 
county, 1 )»( I'an lo lnok around fnr a lo- 
cati'ju for myhi if. Lut bei!i;j bMrn an«l 
rai;ed in »v ecuntrv of tall timt. r. [ 



- found n..flun«,t in Dubu(iur e.u-.nry 
was suit .ble nr rhar. suired v i.-.ifp'.s.'. 
I therefiTH d. ridt <{ ri> strike ..u: .•.);• tajj. 
er rey:ioi»s. 

It was now abonf rhe first t»f January 
and I was in Dubufiu:; for several 
days ncqnaintitm mys< Jf wir.h the w:iys 
and nie:i!\s for obraini' jr ;.'.»vi-rnin<-nr. 
hmris I ?..un«l tb;;T pubiie !:nids nii_),t- 
be pref-dtpu'd and s»Mrl.-d upon ..:» ,■) 
years tin e, ihu.^ ji-ivin;,' rhe senlrr ibi- 
u.'^' of rhe laun imd payinu' for ir ar rb - 
end of 5 years at p^-r a(r; e. And I 

also found ?hat. fully one half the laud 
had be.-n S'-ttled in tliat way, mnl ihac 
quite a hn jie share of it was etitered 
through land wanant.s ubtaie.d by snb 
diers of the late Mexican w.w. I also 
found that; majiy of the preempted 
claims had Inn^ed, the time of litud pay- 
uieut. having' ei^j.ired, and we-e there- 
fore opeii tot-ntry to who.-ver mi^'ht 
coniealouK ai:d disposess the would be 
owor rs, and ilius deprive him nor only 
o'iiis land bu». his impvovemen! ;as well. 
Such practices w<^re uot coniumn, but 
they did o< cur tar ofiener than one 
miphr iliinl: could Ijo possible in it coun- 
try where civilization c aims a foothold. 
The disposition of .<ome. men, (if I may 
vsocallthem) to take udvanta-.e of the 
circum-ifni ces of tiieir fellov/men .\Tid 
dei^rive theui of the results of la)M»r and 
hopes, was found to be a li^ath-ojjie dis- 
ease that mn>i be tnated w itli .severe 
remedies, .And these r(.'me<!ii-s, which 
were iron clad, could be- fouial in ^vrv 
liouse, especially whi.'ri? men In Irl lajised 
claims, (tlic rifle and tiio shot fiuw). 

If the ivader will now follow me on a 
tri[i to Clayton county, I will n late my 
first cxperi' itc^e wiien.- rille ami n volvor 
W'CTd bv(Mi;;lil to tln^ front I w.\n n 
U'.e .-.t r;f the W. phs Hon.-.:. nub wMU', 
where I found u lar;,'e number of lantl 
s'.t keis from tb< i\a.-'teni sten s and 
:unonj,' l}e iit I f.ennl two own ibat wem 
in aerord w ii ii )•..• Tl.ey loo wai»l«'d 
tiuibrr land, on oi th< ni was my bvct!» 
cr in l.nv, W'n, IC-. nee th<'ofb.)-. J H. 



I I 



n 



3!o!wly. of Ncv\- York stane. I was_ 
sciin-'-'ly ~ ' Tcjirs of w^a. \- (vvU- ar/i 
' Ivoons wt r" bv -pv.tmI yrars my .^onior. 
vir. Moody boiiij sonifwimr of aii ex- 
lH.Tt anrl of ilii' riuri- i: kin^l uatnniMy 
b.'catni'. onr Mum s But l«'f«>ie \vh starr- 
.v»' piTpaiffl omvrlvk'i; wirh niatw, 
which showed the vacant lands of Clny 
fouury. We also appli»'<l to otu'. H. W. 
Sanfovd, a land spicnlator, who owiifd 
several hundred aort'S in that county 
that he lield for s ile, on which he ^'ave 
us prices and al^o letlt^rs to parties wlio 
would show us th*^ hmds. 

It was Monday nornin;; M hrn our 
party started uorcliward from Dubuque 
oiiloot ihrouj^h a newly .fallen ?no',v 
nbout PLx inches deep. Our load lay 
throuk'h a vi-ry sp<ircely settled part of 
tlie counfry. If wa- therefore necvbsary 
to cijquirM ahead whore dinner could be 
obtained, and v.as told tlune was a 
small settlenieut lo njiles ahead where 
was a blacksmith shop hard by the road 
whertt wc could be accommodated. It 
was about 12 o'chxjk when wc airivtd 
at the black>nml» shop, winch con>isted 
of a shed faci' g the .south about lOxT,* 
coustructtid of ]»i)l(-s set in tlu* ^^ronnd 
interwoven wirh a r;ill sp(-ci<» of weeds 
that were ])U'ntil ul in tl at con- try :i.l(.->n|^ 
Klreau\s, tin) neurbv hr.usi^ wa^^ sinnlavly 
construct* d an<l aUo v»-ry. small in siv.f. 
Wo found ihi: I'liU'hsnuth. a t^ooi lellow 
with a lar|;e l.imjly <if about hix ehildren 
ages about M i«nd down. They were 
just eating their dinner, which cf^usi.-t- 
ed of parched corn, of v.hicii lln.-y 
seemed to have an abundant .supj)!y, 
which was prepan-d in a lar^e p.m by 
the. smith usein;c his for^'»' to mal;<'. the 
necessary heat. Wc <lid noi order din- 
ner that diy, but; j;or dinetions from 
the smith to last n?; to the next station, 
which was calh <l ilie Floyd set f h in.iiit , 
IS mih-s distant. 

We 1( ft the bl;\«-k^mirh shop ab-Ait I 
o'eloek p. m., and .irrived nt lln^ ri<»yrl 
setrh-nicnt abMut S o'(.doek, hf'vt^ wo 
found a holt I w it li };o(»d arciMnitoda- 



tions. Here was a suudl villain oonsisr- 
in^' of hotel, chureli, store and sehool 
house. al>out S or 10 private houses. 
Altof^ether it was a sort of hoiui lv place 
and was situated on the th()ron;:lifare 
that led to ^^cC^r^'^Ior lawdin;; on the 
Mifisi.>si]>pi river. 

We left the hotel in the morning in 
quest of oup of the jiartie.-? Mr. Siiuford 
had referred us. wlio we found about -S 
miles north. FIt.'re we spent the re- 
mainder of the day in l«»ohi:it: at lands 
beloni>in<: to the said Sanford, witl\ ont-, 
Owen f^oone}', as our <xuidi\ who al.-^.i 
entertMiufd liS the tol o-Ainf* nij^iit. Mr. 
Rocjney was rather abovo the avera^'«' iu 
ijuellir'cn'"f» and kn^w how to mnke 
shifts, heinf,' one of tlie first settlers, and 
lived in a first elass cabin, built oar of 
round lor.s. about IH.w"") f^ ft with a hirrre 
liro.plaee in one end. Ir was all iu one 
room. Besides the oth'-r things in the 
room there were abnut' -lOU buslu-l^ of 
shelled corn in siiek>, wliif^ li Wi'..s jticUi d 
along two of tlie walls up to the cei!iji<jr, 
or rather where the ceiUu*^ should h.ive 
been. This stockade served an e.xcel- 
lent ])urpo.^e to shut out the cold, whieii 
ar tliis time would easily reach zero 
His house stood in a LMoup of bnr-o.ik 
trees, which at a distance resembled ap- 
ple trees. .Mr. UuTuey, our host, to- 
getlicr with our p.irty, after our days 
work, of lookin;: ovi.-r Mr. Sanfoi d".-> 
laud, v.as throu;rh wirh, we returned to 
the cabin for grub and lodf,Mnp. H» rri 
close to the hou.se on o;ie of tJi*.- tie.\s. 
was three-quai t» rs of a very line looKin;: 
beef, hung up anion;,' the limbs ab<«nr 
live fc«'r. from th*- ^Mound, iio/.v .-<)li'l. 
And a jurt of this was soon biouKhi in 
to be n-i d foi- tluMn eniuK imal. Vi. 
}{oom'y , ai iiii'd wirii an cjiinl i d f !«•• 
tree and vi/^nrously plc fl his a\ an-! 
made chi ps of cotjsidtTjhh' .si/.e \\lii<li 
(lew in every dir'-riion until rnou;:l. 
down loi" both supper and br» 'ihl.i-r. .\ 
fr«»fiti»T feast, was M)on n idy to whi li 
(Mir wliiili! it.u ty ample iiv-rie. ImH 
I ni»\v l>e,','un io woiiih r wlmt off'i 



i 



night. From all appenrHtices, tiicrewas 
luirdly i-leepiug room ononuli for the 
family, but here our host fouud uo dit- 
ficulrj at all, ho beKau to pull down 
enougli of^ the sacked corn ro uiake a 
gi->od louudatiou for abed, before a huec 
tire-place well snppl ed with \vood (o-J 
the iii>^lic, on tliis \\ c passed the Di.^:hr 
very comfortably haviu;: our overcoats 
uud a pair of buffalo robes to complete 
the outlit. Next morning' we aj^aiu 
started out to see more of Mr. Sau lord's 
laud whicli lay about two miles east. Mr. 
Roonoy ti^a\n accompanied us as guide. 

Wlien we came to the lnud which lay 
tdoim side of a public hij,'hway, we 
stopped while Mr. Knoney pointed out 
the land that we were looki)i;jj aft<;r 
About 80 rods to the right we saw a 
house, and preseuily we saw a man 
fetnrt from the house on tlie run, with a 
gun in his h.and, coming towards us, 
•choutinj? at the top of his voice, not to 
cross tliat road as he would shoot the 
first luau that set foot on his claim, as 
soon as he tame to the edge of his claim 
aud not over a rod from where our par- 
ty stood, Mr. l^ooney asked liim wliy lie 
wanted to shoot, to whicli he re])lied. 
You have brouglit these men to jump 
my claim, hut Mr. llooney protested and 
gave him the lie. At tliis he became 
btlll more boisterous ami bcjran to raise 
his rifle, keepin;.,' his rye on Mr. Kooncy. 
At this .iuncture our little Moses afid 
Mr. Coons ntepjied to tlio fro)it, revolvers 
in hand and Mr. Moody yaid to tlit^ mad 
innn, put down your gun ami lu av nie a 
minute, y0)i bif,' fool, you mif.dit plioot 
tlCAvn one of our party, but you must bo 
a bi(,'i,'er fool than I think you are if you 
can't SCO that you would be the next 
mnnlodrop. Tliis little speech seemed 
to briuR lh(; man to his fu uses. And 
now Knouey a^'aiii viv.nc. to the front and 
arldicsscd the num thus. Mr. V;n ju r, 
(for tliat was tlu> mans nanie),you can't 
) ht'lj) but .see that you iiow cji^ily ber-otfU) 
i our prisoner, m.»w thcr»>forc lay dov. ii 
3 your KUJ), arid I will nhov,' you u letter 



from Mr. Sauford of Dubiuiue, doerib- 
iuf,' the lands which these gentlemen are 
now looking after, aud you will ei-.sily 
see that these men are not aft»'r your 
lapsed claim at all. He then handed liim 
the letter and after reading its contents 
he said yes tliat it was all right, aud I 
will no%v join your parry and assist you 
as I am pretty well acquainted witli Mr. 
Sanford's lands. And so ended our 
sight ijeeing in Clay county. The writ- 
er hatl Of/e more .--uch experifT.c^' in 
Jones cmutv later Oil, whirh rt-rminatrd 
very nearly in t lie same way. Tlure 
was uolody sliot. Our York iState 
McKxTy lining stHl with us. Here our 
whole patty entcuod some goveiu'.nenl 
lauds. Antl here we parted company 
with Mr. Moody, who returmd to liis 
eastern la.-Kue. I have not seen or heard 
of him 5.iDce. The reader will in iny 
next coumunication f'ud me among my 
old frieuxii.^ in and arouug Zwingle. 



Some of Jackson C'.nuniy's Farl- 
icst 'J'cmplcs of Learning. 

It has ?jeen our d<'.<iro to write an ar- 
ticde on cho first s^chool houses in th.e 
sevt;ral Jry:I:son county t(»wnships, aud 
have wriir.en several letters asking for 
ieformaijin. As after many days we 
have rcctived only one answer, wi. ha\»; 
coi\clude.t that the people arc not able 
to learn ih-?. )ii.;tory of their own section, 
or are irLdifferent as to whether it is 
made a natter of ft-cord for the bene/it 
of those 1.1 the future, who v.ould know 
sumethiij,< of the eavlj- days of this 
country. Sucl) matter grows more val- 
miMe as t.uhp. ])as>es. 

From fiftieth atniiversnry souviner 
of the fi^ntinel, we h\ni tli.it tlu- first 
school l.uj'^e in .Maoviuketa t.A^n^hiI^ 
was buil'v on the ea^t .<iidb of wl..it i^ nuvs" 
Main strc-'t, M;u[uo!;»'ta, oj\ larnl bi lon;:- 
i!)g to .1. i'l. ( Joodenow . it was half dug- 
out and ■*x;i)t log v. ith a sod r«H»f. A 
num iJ.'i'jM'd liii Jiarn t>tren ta»)glil tliv. 
fii-st t'TJn of .sclio.M la l!iut prim.-iiive af- 
fair in iSll. From this bt ginni»^;» has 



prjwu several district schools in the 
township, aud the spleudid hif,'h school 
buiklinp and the throe Hue ward school 
buildiutTS iu the city of Maquokotn, 

From a letter received from Mr. Johu 
Applegato, postmaster aud geueral mer- 
chant, of FuUo!i, we lei:rn that the first 
Bchool ta\T{?ht in Farmers Creek town 
ship was in a x^i'ivate hou.so one mile 
west of the prerent town of Fulton, and 
that the flr^c scliool house built was on 
the n. w. of the n o. of section 23. Mr. 
Applet,'atc did not state in what year it 
was built or of what material. It was 
probably in tliO early forties and of tV.e 
log cabin variety, as most of the first 
buildii)t;s were iu Jackson county when 
first settled. . 

The first .school liouso in Monmouth 
township was built iu 1841. It was built 
just south of the presents limits of Rald- 
wiu, a few rods west of the bank of 
Boor Creek, not far from where Joshua 
Beers, who came h.ere in 1830, lived. In 
early days this was culled the "Shake 
Rag" school house. It was constructed 
of logs ajid in it was h«:ld tho fiist elec- 
tion Monmouth tovrnship held. 

As near as I can possibly hud out the 
first Fchool taught in what if> now South 
Fork township, was tau[Tht by the wife 
of Daniel iMUton iu their log dwelling 
house, that then stood on what was lat- 
er known as tho T. K. Nickcrson place, 
aiid n^ar the three large cottonv/ood 
trees that )iow stand on the fiouth side 
of the Maquoketa and Anamo-a road 
and we?t of wlu-ro Glahn now live.'>. 

Tho first Kcliool house built in the 
townshij) was built nt Buck-horn in 
about lBi:j, and Etood some tv/enty rods 
cast of Pumplcin lluu, on tho ro<;ky hill, 
wrnth of the road ten rods and a'Dout us 
many foot we.U of the nr-ction quarter 
line. 

1 know .more about (Ijat old sr.h«:>ol 
house limn any of tlio rest, for there I 
put in two or three t(;nnsj having our 
young ideas leart to slioot. ^Ve learned 
>nore about f^}l00ting v,'ith a i>lii^g u( tho 



end of the old log blacksmith shop nnd 
sliooting the rapids iu Pumpkin Pvun. 
This school house was built of logs from 
the Maquoketa timber and chinked wirli 
clay. When it was first built it was 
warmed in winter by a lire place in the 
east end. Along tho west end aud 
along the north side v.-ere slab benches 
and board desks. The schollars sal iu a- 
row around the side of tho building and 
figui-ed. oat two and two nmkcs four, 
and that a pop gun makes everybody 
jump. The first teacher I went to 
school to in this house was Mi.'is Aman- 
da Summers, now Mr?. Henry Little. 
That was in 1800, I think. Slic taught 
ii good scliOol, coiKsidering the nuaibcr 
of devils she had to contend with. A 
woman cc:rld keep b'jttor order in those 
days than a uuin, if she had tho nerve 
to quell tL-e big girls, for there was 5-ome 
little gallNJitry among the big boys, but 
a man teacher had to hnve his track 
well sa 15 dill. \Ye had one man teacher 
by the uai^^e of Ilamiicy, who seemed to 
lack the required amount of grit, had 
probably Leeu brought up on buitcr- 
milk.The fbig boys would put him out of 
tho homseand hoM the fort and he had 
to give iT^f the school. The board hired 
Havey Gi' -dlan to liuisli the term. "Gee 
\Vhi/," li.,-htning struck there. I re- 
member ii hit me. Tho first day Har- 
vey taug3;^ he was several feet from 
where I and had his back to rie, 
seemingly lost in an exercise. I raised 
up and l::ined over tho desk to drop a 
paper wp-'ldown an urchan's bade, when 
eometliim; lit or^to my back and my 
heels liit tlio ceiling. It was all dc iic. 
aud overwith so (iv-irk that T never 
knew hoT it hapj^enoii and don't nov.-. 
Ilut 1 cat give <'vidcnre that though 
there Wf-'e a good many big bovh and 
fiome of lu twenty years old, they 
never trl'-T many mon'cey tricks 0!i H.ir- 
vey Gilli.j' n. 1 U\ always r:'.'eme<l to )n<> 
to be a Im;: die of rvt a bag of vand 
unduHtr- dc ol li; liiniiii: dorm up in a 
.sack full ci" I've Jiul' Voius truly, 

F.\i:.Mi:i: Uuckiiukn*. 



^William IIWU w:is \»wu in SlaTr ennk 
setTh'Dienr, P. h\>ki contuy, Vii^'iniar 
Sept. JS, 17it4. iiud weut svifli lii;^ f;i»Iu'r 
and family to Fraukliii eonuty, K^'ii- 
tucky. iiboiU ISOO. DurinVr tlie second 
Wiir wifli Eufzlaud. liii willi liis brother, 
Johu,«'ulis^r<.'d ill a rof-'iuii'nr of Kentucky 
rifles a« d fouk'Iit with Jackson ar New 
Orleans. Soon after fbat df cisive vic- 
tory for flie Auiericau troops, news 
reached this conutry that a neu treaty 
of peace betweeu the two nations hnd 
bceu concluded and the Amerii jin Vol- 
teers were disbanded and made their 
way hotne as be<t they could. 

Tho Kentuckians went u]) tlie Missi>s- 
ippi and Ohio rivers by beat, leavinp;; tho 
latter river ar the nearest point to their 
homes and travelint^ on foot the balance 
of tho journo)-. The Ellis brothers were 
with quite a company of Keutuckiaus, 
who went from the same, loeality, and 
when tlieir party left the boat John 
Ellis who had been aiUn;< for sonie time, 
was unable from weakness to travel but 
slowly, and the otlior uiembors being 
anxious to pet home acrain pushed on 
and left William and John, promising to 
Boud help to them. Their progress was 
very slow as John was gettinp: weaker 
all the tirie and William fcaied that he 
would ijover pet him home alive, Ono 
day while John'b fever was hiph and 
William thou[;ht him delirous.he stopped 
and Razfjd for a lojjf^ time in the direc- 
tion in which thoy were travelii:j^ fni- 
ally a smile lit up his face and turning' 
to Williani he said, I won't have to walk 
much farther, I see old IJally comiup. 
William strainerl his eyes in following 
the {^'a/.e of his brotlier but could see 
nothin;:,' and thou;:ht that John's mind 
wart Mand»-viri;», but John r;illied his 
ftM;linj^:s and puslu d onward and in a 
few hours met some of th< ir |u oplo and 
sure onoufj-li thf:y harl brouj;ht oM Tally, 
a horse that Williivm h.'»d h i i at hon e, 
tind John v;as able to rc iu'li bouio alive, 
hut only lived a shoit time. 

Williinii (;ot. nun ic d aiid v/ent loPul- 



t«i?i:i I'nuury, ludiatja, and in the e;.rly 
ftu n« > removed to Iowa and settled on 
a pit'i t- of land west of Fulron, .T;tcks')u 
county. Iowa, in section l-^irmers 
Creek township, whert^ he folli)wed his 
trade of maker lor many yeajs at 

his home near the blnft's on the nortJi 
fork of of the Matiuoketa. There- was 
an abundance of j^amo in the locality 
and Uncle BiJly. as he was called, sp» nt 
a trivat deal of his time with his pack c.f 
hounds iu the forest lmntiu<: deer, wild- 
cat and other game I reun^mber hear- 
iup him say that he had kill wild-cats. 
He was famous as a frun ntaker and his 
silver mounted rifles with binls-eye 
maple stocks a ways comm inded n rr^od 
price. There woe few men of his time 
tliat could shoot with truer aim ihr.u 
Uncle Billy, 

I was thrilled when a boy by lieariurr 
ing him tell of tho hot reception that 
v.'as given Lord P;<cl:euh;im'8 veterans 
at New Orleans on the Sth day of Jan- 
nary, 1814, by tho Kentucky levities, in 
which himself and brcaher, ,Tohu, took 
an active part, witnes?infr ris I often 
have the wonderful mavksmansliip of 
Uncle William and my own fatiicr, and 
realizing that it was probably a fair 
scimple of what all the Iventuckians 
cotild do, I could fornj a pretty pood 
idi a of tho carnapc among the red coats 
when they charf^cd the works behind 
which stood the stalwart ICentuckians 
with their deadly tides, awaiting a,s or- 
dered. until they could see the. whites of 
the eyes of the enemy before firing, Men 
v.ho couM pick the eye out of a squitr.'l 
from the top of tlic tallest tree, could 
b.ardly miss a trir)(nL such as ji Hrili-h* r 
Nsnuld make at »•].•=>'.'. quart«^rs. 

Uncle William livtd on h.s little farm 
Working at his ii;\<\(\ t>;irL of th«- linic, 
f.irmitig a littli-. ;!iid hutititig gatur* ai»d 
IkTi fi>r ]^;i.' f ii/.e ;i Well as prolit ualil 
P- jS, wie n be ss :'S ",trirk(!i w itli p;ir.d- 
Vhi*;, and was cn:itined to liis bi d I ihtnJ- 
for eight yeai> bi forn <h afh n-h .iv-'-l 
hiiii from hi.^ . iilVi riii»'.s. lb b it al.»;i;» 



fiintil.y of ^rniwM up childrru, all of 
v^ho-n I tliiiik, bur oiu>, hiwc passed 
iiWiiy, bat 'litTO ure quite a ua nl>er o 
jrraiidchilrlnMi and j:rfat-^:niudchildreii 
iving in tills iDCnliry. 



li isiiitfss .Men of Uaqiiokctaiii 1857 
In writiut: of early days and recalliug 
uieu juidiucideiilsof thei)a>t, I havt-fhot 
it mijlit. bf ot iutt^rest to th^; rtunaiuing 
pioueors of Maiiuokera aud viciiiity to 
be rfmindi'd of tho^sfci who were pioiui- 
neo" ia business and the professions iu 
Maquoketa 4S or :»0 years ap;n, lu 
1S57 the priuciivd business blocks wore 
the Uuiou, ond Kxcolsior Bloek<. At that 
tiaie Maquokeia was quite a ba.v>.esa 
center, and had at expectarions thru 
the conreinplatf d railroad and navi^jablo 
river ruuninp; ihrouK'b the town. 

Jo.si:pli McCIoy and Trod S. Dunham were 
cn!,'ai;c«l In ycnci al inen-liaiiclisn busint-s-, on 
tlic norihws- comer of I'iatt and Mulii Sis. 

n. \V. Craves wa:. an aitorn».-y, oWu-m third 
story Union block. 

S5holluiiU.r«,'cr GobiTl, or laier .Sliatiuck", 
OelKjri & Co., wi'ic in poneral nicri^handise ul 
No. 4 Union blo.-U. 

Dlinniitt ML(;to;;or. wholesale and r»'tall 
dealers in K'rocet ete., syerial ref« ri;nce to 
blljiisonMlour No. i> KxeeUior bioek. 

W. Hcldiin had a dm- siO';k lu No. ^j. 
Union blo>;k. ami L'r. .J. U, Allen w.is aa^o- 
clutort wUli hln). 

S. I'. Uroxvn and l». H. Clnise were urchltocts 
uinUiulldi is at tliui liuic. C'ha e bad u shop 
on VVl^l IMatL stit ol. 

.r. Holllsio.r, M. !>., I>' d an offl<'e In the Ex- 
celsior blook. 

D.A.rictchi i was an attorney and counselor 
Ul law, could be tound in No. .i. K\cv.Isior 
(llock. third ^^ol•y, afierwatd a-.^o.!iatcd with 
Chas. Kieh. 

Dr. (icor^^'j Murray was a praetloln^' i.hy>>l- 
Clan, ollice ai hi^ rt sldiMHM! on West Plan St. 

Dr. G. S. .Manln, Moianic. physician and sur- 
Roon, olllcc lt» rc-tdtMict' tiui u doors iioi ih of 
hricw cliurch. 

W P. Moni'/oriM-ry w. IS an attorney at law 
und lln; Inburam.c aj^-nt. olliee u[» stairs In 
, Union block. 

J. Hftry, allurnry and land a;?cnt, olllcc 
over Mli.-h.dt s vi. 

.r. \V. .K-rd.lnN. unortu-y. ul >onviT Mitchell's 
store. 

S. D. \- T. I.yinan run a ^;<Mii!ral ^lor>•. on 
Ul-; cast sldi- of North M dn ii i t . 



K. U ild win Co., Iia«l a liard ware store at 
No. Union blo.. k. 

A FfHov.s Ii.id a dru;^ ami book alorc at N(k 
2, ICxcelsior block. 

Maiiheu b liocve liad a „'»'neral siort*. in- 
cludinj^ hardware, and sold hardwuod builtl- 
Ing lumber lorSartwcU Son. 

Jouasi Cl:irk ha<l a bank on the 60Uthea^t 
corner of Main unil IM.-iit sireois. 
S. Parker ^old i)lafn)-fories and aioiod -ons. 
John Ulfrlck made b<>*.)ls aud sht>cs. on West- 
I'hill strt ei. 
.f. P. Uiidie was ahustlln;? real estate uian. 
Thomas Wright »i: Co. had a woolun mill on 
North Main street. 

r. Hricker was a i.illor with oflice iit his res- 
idence, near the wo>Tleu factory. 

Catlin Co.. liad a ii:ir«.lwate store at No. 4. 
Excelsior block. 

Taubman >k .Mole, nierchtint i:»ilors, were on 
South .Ma!r» street. 

Thomas i.'i; ft hed conducLCvl the New York 
Store at No. 1, ICxcel.-sior block. 

The Decker Iloa>e was conducted by G. 
Uralnard. late of .New "i'ork. 

H. Jl. Clancy ijad a grocery and provision 
store opposite the Decker House. 

.M, Murphy was makin;; ainbioiypes at his 
Dai;uerrean ;^aney tor .''0 cents. 

II. C. .b>wetl was inakln;; Jucla noty pes. am- 
brotype-s aud ambro<_'rai>hs. 

F. .Mitchell was conducting' the Ploi.cer 
store, sellin;^' almost every thin ou the t'orlh- 
ea^L corner of Miim a nd I*! it ). siie.jts. 

.J. A. llryan was selling watches, clock**, eti'. 
at No. ."{, i;.\(:e;.-»ior block. 

Dr. Georj.'*! .Stanley was the Urst llomopath- 
el.; to come to our town, hl.>><jl)ic j was on Soj' ti 
Main alseet. 

Drs. Oeor;;e and Mrs. S. J. .Movers, ITyclo 
Ther.ipeinie phy>lclans and sur;:eons, had 
their olllce In thtlr n .'»ldenco on Proapoct 
slroi.t. 

I'arr i^- Hrown werii in the grocery buslr.oss 
on Wcbt IMuit stteel. 

K. S. Williams wa:. a brick and stone nia.son. 

Kdwutfl Si' rllrur had pin«! luuili.r :ind .%hln- 
gUjs to to sell or trade lor country |>ntdu. t. 

The Chifafjo, Iowa Nebraska rail- 
road was runoin;; trains to Aiues Creek, 
17 Uiili's west of Clinton, n\ado the trip 
every day from Clittton to Ames Cr» t k 
and relinu, cue liosir and foi ty luir.utei 
each v/ivy. 

In 1S"»7, petitions weic circtibitcd for 
a vf>to by tl)0 r.i'iKify to l.iUo l)w; covtnfy 
heat Iroin IJcllevie) to I'vilfon, nud ;\ 
couil lio.'iSO was nctur.lly built in 1 ul- 
ton, aud thai lloui i^hlin: toe.ii w.i>» l»« .it 
out of the ( ouiity « at l»y tr- achfrr. It 



wjis claimed that Fulton was the most 
central town in the county, was hiph 
and diT, that the north fork of the Ma- 
quoketa river passed within oug- quarter 
mile of its plat. Tlmt it was three-quar- 
ters of ti mile from the finest bo<^ly of 
timber in lown, tlmt aroaiid jc was the 
mostdensly populated and fertil laud in 
the county. That while the town was 
only a year and a half old, it had a pop- 
ulation of 200 iiihabitants, and that in 
an average discauce of 1}^ miles there 
were t<jn mills in operation. The 
I'ulton people also claimed that witliin 
tliree-forrthK cf a mile were n number 
of good stone quarries, and buildings 
could be built 20 p'jr cent chcfipor hero 
tiian any place else in the county . They 
said good durable water could be got by 
digging from 10 to 20 feet, and that tlio 
houses were all frame and of more re- 
spectable dimensions than could be 
found elsewhere in a town of its age. 
That there v. as a flouring mill, a Meth- 
odist church, and n potter f hop in con- 
templation, that they had n common 
school house, two stores, two wagon 
shops, two blacksmith shops, one tin 
shop, one gro<:ery and one steam turn- 
ing lathe and was about to have a 
public horse. 

Governor J. Vr.Grimos, General Ra)])li. 
P, Lowo and Itonry O'Connor were 
stumping tlic sla^e for Lowo for Gover- 
ner. John McGregor of ^.^aquolieta was 
nomimited by tlio deniocr.-vts for District 
Senator for Jp,cksou and Jones counties, 
and Bradley of xVndrew and Min.siin of 
Otter Creek for represent'Uivcs. Oapt. 
Marsh of A'anHuron [ownshipand Geo. 
McDowell of l<ainotte were after tlie re- 
publican nomination for tlie olUcc of 
representative. 

Tlierc were oilier business and pro- 
fessional men in Jifafiuolieta in IS'iT, be- 
.Rides those named above. Oh irle.s !.f. 
Dunbar was a younf.: lawyf^r and 1 )r. P. 
II. Grilliu was a ])Opii^ar ]ih3 siLi \n. l*.ut 
I l)elievc I Imvc nanierl fidly as many 
bti.iiness and pioft n-iional fuen as (hero 



are in our town today. I am not sure 
whether Dr. Holt was liere in 1^57, bur 
know that he was in 1831). Probably 
some of the readers will recaJl otlu-rs 
who were engaged in business here in 
1850. 

Of those prominent in basiuoss here 
in 1807, Col. J. V/. Jenkins and Cap- 
tains Gebhert and Heldv^n, and Major-J. 
H. Allen gained fame in the great civil 
war. Henry Jewell was a member of 
Co. B, 2Gth Iowa, audi think died iu 
the service. 



Zwiiigle In IS-Kj. 

Having been cn a ramble of thiec 
week's duration, most of the time out- 
bide of J;ickson county, I now remru to 
my lirst love where I spent my first 
nighi in lo^va. Here I am rii.rhc among 
my old fr.ends, of chiklhood and youth. 
Here for a distanc e of live or six miles, 
north and south, nud as many eivst and 
west, lived the lirst sellers who came 
here from Pennsylvania, from the neiiih- 
borhood of Adam>burg, Wilkiusburg 
and Pittsburg. If I am somesvhat tedi- 
ous in my narative, I trust the reader 
will bear vritti me, for this is to me a sa- 
cred .spot. 

Daniel Court was the first Ectller at 
the present Zwinglc in JSIG. Albert 
Court, h\s brother, came two or three 
years lal2r, alMj settling near Zwingle. 
these two Ijeing the first la, gave it the 
name of the Court neighborhood and 
made it a sort of nucleus around whicli 
to gather, Dan Court being a man of 
pu^h, soon hewc'J out fo.- hirm.df a coin- 
fortable' homo atul among the most 
promiuLiit citi/en.-;, antl was twice elect- 
ed rvi)resntative of k)abuque couniy iu 
tl:c state legislature. liib family con- 
sbited C'<^ four chiidrcu, three girU aud 
one son. Tho eld ■at, Eli/abcih, was 
married to Hcv. .V. Dowman in l^bo, 
]y:A]\ (;f v, ho:u an, M ill living. TliC 8c«> 
end dauiihter, ilim litui, married W. CJ. 
JSiiMpMtu al>eMiC ll)e yearl^ i'i, and are 



both UONV livif»}r, and next, S:irah, mar- 
ried Abe Kr^viu, this couple urti also Jiv- 
iug. Tho son, Albert, was .iu;irricd to 
I Kiit« Foster, tliv^ youngest, Mary M., 
AViH married to Jcliu Bosvuiau, brother 
: of Rev. F B. But. in looking tlie tield 
over now I find scarcely any of the ori>j:- 
iual house, holders remaining and for 
the most part ic is tlie third generation 
that now occupy the stage of tlie old 
stock of .settlers. The Rev. F. Bow- 
man is perhaps the oldest now living. It 
was in the spriug of 1S55 that he 
preached my fathers funeral, as also 
that of my father-in-law, Philip Saner, 
who^e (loath OfoniTed three weeks be- 
fore that of my fatlier on May 5, 

It is worthy t»f noie that the same ilov. 
F. Bowman of .~>0 years ago was already 
iustalied pastor of the German liefornied 
church at Zw ingle and iij today still at 
his post, doing the work of a pastor for 
over 50 years to the same congregation. 
This is witliout doubt the longest con- 
tiuuous pjscorato that the writer has 
ftuy knowledge of in this section. 

Janies Sinip.',on, Jr., came in ]So2 and 
settled three miles west of Zwiugle, liis 
father, with his fannly, came in l>i'A. 
Hia sou, Washiugtou, had preceeded his 
'father three years, coining in 1851. The 
reraaiuder of Sr James Simpson's family 
C0U.>^isted of Wm. C , who afterwards 
married Mi^s Bmoli lO Court about IS.'iiJ, 
Hirnm, I think enlisted amo <g the first 
in about 18(11 or '02 and contracted dis- 
ca.se while he was m the armj- and died 
soon after vetarniug houjc. But 1 can 
not be sure of the correctness of this 
sratcment. Of the Simpson boys only 
two are now living, lln.'ih, who recently 
had a farm near liuckhorD, and who al- 
HO recently made the writer a ^hort visit. 
I Inid not seen him f(jr over years. 
The girls in the Simpson family were: 
Amanda, who married one, Job MilliT, 
l»oth have b(en dead a good inauy years; 
Mary Ann, Jiiarri'.d ( leo. ^><.'h'Ji;iii, niid 
she is also drad ; two more girls, Har- 
Uelle and Martha, th.o younge.^t, I have. 



lo^t track of. but I think that they are 
also oead. . 

The -Ashonse family, to which I have 
already rerVrrod in a former article, eon- 
si^ted of Johnathao, the ehb-st, who I 
think came iii the spring of 184!) or '.')0, 
together with his family and sister, Mi>s 
Dianuu, who afterward became the wift; 
of the late Whashiugton Simp.-on in 
1S57. She is still living and for the last 
20 years has been a resident of Maquo- 
keta.' I am indebted to lier for mucli of 
the above inform ition. Lebus Ashousf, 
who served from first to last in the iMex- 
ican war, came home at the end of thjit 
war to his fathers place, who kept a ho- 
tel for a number of years in WiUkius- 
burg, a suburb of Pittsburgh, Pa , and 
on account of the genial disposition of 
tho landlord, Joe Alsliouse already an 
old man. nntde his hotel a favorite place 
for travelers and teamsters to stop at. 
His house was ahvays crowded with 
guests. 

It was on oue such f>ccasiou (hat I 
formed my first acquaintance with the 
recently returned soldier Tha hotel, as 
usual, was crowded with gue.^is, and 
Lebus, the .soldier, early bccfime th.e. cen- 
tral figure and was soon called on for a 
speech, buc he felt disposed to decline 
tlie honor and after a uniuimous sec- 
ond call from the audience, ho couseiited 
to give a fr'.sv retoi'ji-eoiice.s of his two 
years »..\peiienco in Mexico, among 
which were vivid di'^criptious of the 
bombardment atid capture of Montery 
and Vera Crnze, but he was much to 
modest on that occasi<ia to say that h". 
was tlu< lirst man that got insifle v. hen 
the wall^^ were .^(;.»ied at Cl)aupult».tp..c. 
After war the government jssn* d 
land Warrants to tin returnt-d isoldiors, 
\\ hich ^r.ive the hoM'-r free cljoif.v. of any 
government land in Uncle »Sam'K do- 
main. And now anuud with such w.ir- 
rant, he caino to Iowa in IM'^ or ' I'.i and 
lociiivd iie: warrant near Zwinglr on Ihi- 
Jack-on county :-i(h' of the line, and h( re 
began life as a b;i'-hIor fur two }f»rs 



more or le-s.. I»i iSoO his si^r.T.Di inna, 
came from the t'usr uud kvpr liou-f for ' 
her brother, Lt* h , for a year or more. 
L:iter ou he, uiade a yi>it to the ]:m.1 or 
his uativity bur soon rer-inietl brin^in^ 
with liitn a wire, of his oa'q. do on attt-r- 
wardf! hf! sold hi-^ now imiu-ovod farm to 
AYashingtou Simp-on. who al:;o became 
the husband of the afiiresaid Diaujja 
Al.shonse iu IS.')?. Ard Lebencus, the 
soldier, with hi-s f.imilv, removed to- 
Ilhuois a year or two previous to rue 
war of tlie rebellion. Atid uo.v the preat 
war Wild on and Mr. Alsi^onse. true to 
the povcrnm'.'Ut ei)l. atr.n'n enlisr(.Ml at 
Miicomb, 111., as a piivate nud was soon 
promoted to the rank of Tjitmreuant. Mr 
Alshouse was a man oi more than ordi- 
uary cournf^e and iurelligence. But it 
fell to his lot fhrot-gh the vicissitudes of 
war to find his way to Llbby uri>:on 
where he died toward ihe close of the 
war. It is now bar nalur-tl that we 
should inquire of the whereabouts of the 
family of so brave a soldier. These we 
now find well siakeddown iu North Da- 
kota. His sou, a chip'^ft' tlie old block, 
a prominent citiztju and a member of 
the stato legislature for two consecutive 
terms 

I will now name as many of the old 
settlers as I can recall to memory, who 
KL'iiled iu the. viciuity of Zwinjile prior 
to ISoo: Daniel Court, Alb<;rc <:ourt, 
Jacob Jiuckman, Johuarhan Alrrhousc, 
Lebeus Alshouse, John Ivemcror. Dan 
Kemcicr, Chris 13enlinfj;cr, Dr. J Biu- 
low, Mr. Kenedy, Phillip Mill^-r, Tob 
Miller, Johu McClurg, Jacob Jvoons, 
David Koons, Matthias Seholian, John 
L. Saner, Geo. S mer, Michul >icck, Sr.,- 
Jaaies .Simpson Sr., Jjimes .Sinj[j^'m Jr., 
Wm. C. Simij.-on an*l Wa-^hin^'ion SiTni>- 
b(m. 'J'|i«; ri iiiaindi r of rh»j .Simpson 
family all Ix in^' minor.s, I will not give 
their namos here,. Tiiis settlement all 
beforn ■IS.'*.') was nompo.-^i.-il ;ihjK.>it e.v- 
elu.-^ivoly of fonu'T I'tnnsylvani.ins an<l 
Jii-arly all from tho satm> nei;;lib"rh«>od. 
Ibit 1 nuKt here add the nrire.t-s of 01iv» r 



Bossard and Dan Hossard These \vtM»» 
the pioneers who settl-ed in Dubuque 
and Jacksou counties arounc the prostint 
Z\vini:(^e, prior to 16"»5. Rut rb.pie oil- 
spring are so numerous that I will not 
attempt to follow rheij\ but will b'ave 
the account to some future hisrori m. 

Zwiufrle, bein«^ iIim first pl.iC'' I visited 
after coming: t<» low.i iu ls."»u whHif I 
felt at home amon*; my old friends, was 
not my abidiu*; honie, I was still foot 
loose And i') .«ioarch of laud suitable 
for a liomc which nceoidinf^ to my idea 
i»t fhac time, mu.st be timber land, which 
I found i.i the eistern part or Jon-^s and 
the we.stern part of Jack.-ou couatit-s, 
some of it ease and some of it west o' 
of Canfou. 

From here I will begin mv next letter 

J J. W. 

P. S. Of the al>ove named early set- 
tlers, there ai e only three tliat are now 
known to by living', to-wit: VVm. c. 
Simpson. Mrs. Dianua Sihipsou uud the 
Rev. F. Bowman. 



A Ilislnrv of the I";muly. 

A short history of the Walker family, 
who came to Iowa 50 years ago. Tho 
head of the family was Truman N. A. 
Walker. Ho was bor/i in .\i aNS.ichns- 
etts, January 11, 1S0:{, and while a boy 
emiprated with his parents to the state 
of .\'t;w York In IS'24 he took as wire., 
Mi*-s J'31i/.a Lyon of Oppenbeim, New 
York. .Slie was a sisti.T of the wile 
of Pi'jv O. D. Brown, who came 
as n missionary to tlnj forks of the Ma- 
qu »l:eta iu ISll, aJid ulsou sister of Mrs. 
J O Degrush, a pioneer of Jacksou 
county. 

In Juno 'J'ruman Walker cume to 
Jarlisoii county, Iow.», \vith hi; faanly 
e.\c« i)t two sons, who had jueec'-<ied 
him h'-re. TIh) Tir.st year after his ar- 
rival la- spent ill Mnquo*:et.i. Tn 
ho movr«l onto a i)i< eo of land in y-'C- 
lions i:'J ji!)d '.'2, South I'ork lowti-liip, 
Nvln re be coat ini illy n;.>.i<h d u L t d in-^ 



death Jt»i"'»ry 58, l>-84, tliirteon veurs 
affiT the doarli of hi? wire, who dud the 
2>ith day of Dcrceiiibur, LSTJ. Mr. Wnl- 
ker was :i thorough diuu, ji pood carpcn- 
lor and joiner and si tirsc -class farmor. 
Mr. Walker wa.s a master mason and {\ 
lueuibcr of Heliou LodLre No. that 
NVHS chartered at Maqnoketa in May of 

Ho came from New York to Chicago 
by way 01 the ^reat hiKes and fiom Chi- 
Ciigo to Jackson county, by few lior.so 
t-eam. The first foor years after coming 
here ho lived in a lo^: house until Iiq 
built the iiouse now occupied by hi.s son, 
E X. Walker. In his family wc>o the 
followii.t< Dine children all of whon\ 
caoio to Iowa: Kelson H , Julia A., 
Charlotte L., Goo. B., Benjamin L., 
Frances E., S'ephcn I)., Mary J. and 
Eb-u X. Walker. 

Nelson It. Walker, son of Truman X., 
came from Utica, N. Y., to Jackson 
conuty in ]S48, five >eavs beVire his 
father did. He brou^xht with him a 
stock of dry t:oo(]^ and opened up a store 
in .NJaquoketa. lie only lived one year 
attHr conning here, diein^^ December 18, 
1.S40. He was a member of the Baptist 
church. 

Beujamiu E.. uuother .son of Trumun 
Walker was born Feb. 6, ISo*;. and came 
with id.s paienr.s to Iowa \\\ JSri;^, resid- 
i«g near J^etrkhorn until IStlO, when ho 
emigrated to Xnbraska and entered k'Ov- 
ernmeut land, livin;^ there until ISSO, 
when ho and his family went (o Denver, 
Colorado, where he has been employed 
iu the car factories of the Denver and 
Kio Grand Uailroad a-i a piiinler. 

Sle{;hen D. Also canii^ here with his 
parents, being born in New York, Dec. 
8, 1814. and has lived in Jacksf>r\ coun- 
ty until the ]>resent tirjie, llio.""). He has 
followed th' carpf'iiteis trade the most 
of his life thoii:,'h farming for a few 
yeaiH. He manied M'.ns Ada Athelon.a 
fhiu;;hter of .Schuyler Atht itou of Ui-ar 
BucKhorn, a musician in tli<; Civil wnr 
•m i h id a sun, Loyal, who wa^ aUo u 



inusi<;iau iu Co. M» Iowa National 
Guard, that was enlisted for the Span- 
iili American war. L^yal died at Jack- 
sonville, Florida, of typhoii fever. 

Eben N. was born in the state of New- 
York. Nov. 7, ISoO, and was brought to 
Jackson county when three years ohl, 
where he has since lived, with theex- 
ception of a short period when he Wi;s 
in the state of Nebraska. He married 
Miss Kva Hall, sister of Charles Hall of 
Muquoketa, I^yjuan Hall of Buckhorn, 
and Byron Hall of Otislow. Her father 
was a civil war veteran.. Fbou X 
Walker osvns, and lives on the old homo- 
stead of his father, and like his father 
before him, is an A Xo. 1 farmer, and 
an all around good fellow. 

George B. Walker, was born in York 
State, March Sth 1>>32. He came to 
Jackson County Iowa, previous to his 
father Truman Walkt;r, but for some 
reason was not satisfied here, and in Ibo-j 
on the .same day his father's faujily got 
liere, he left Iowa for the Pacilic coast, by 
way of Xew York Cit}' and the ocean 
route crossing the Isthmus of Panama 
the year following. He followed minc- 
ing, and won quite a large foi tnne, but 
loosing much of it by bi-ing too good to 
his friends. He .s^'rved in the Washing- 
ton legislature:} and had the honor of 
uamifjg Idaho. We quote will a liltlo 
of his obitujiry, printed iu the Seattle 
Inic ligencer, after his death at Seattle, 
May -^9. ISIO. "Ho wa-^ born at Hus-ia 
Corners, Herlcim. r cou»ity, X^. Y. He 
was one of the bt;st mini)ig experts in 
tlic country and was known by «ll the 
pioneers of nearly all the great mining 
camps iu the west. Among his personal 
frieuds was the United Starrs S-nator 
Benhuid Stanford of California. The 
State of Idaho was lUiinrd by Mr. Wal- 
ker at a consultation in l>^(;i with W. H. 
Wallace, Sduciu^•, Garfrld anJ JudgO 
Beandn*, whose names are intimately 
connit;t»'rt v.ith the (unly histoty o^'tiiC 
Pacilic Nortliw<.>r. 'J'he name was sug- 
ge.-ilcd to Mr. Wiilker by the ste.-.mri 



d' 

j: 

a» 

1 
1 



Idaho, th.it pli<'s on the Pujxot Sound.*' 

ThouRli Gi'orj;e Walker's life iu rhe 
west was nio<rly spent iii'tlu* farwes-t, 
he vit^iUHl Jacksou counry several timos, 
and was manierl ro a dau^'hter of Win. 
Vosbiir^T, w ho settled here in ISoT. and 
was Captain of Co. F, 'Mst 1 N. Inf , 
that went from Maquokota in lSli2. 

Of the four WjilkiT jiirls, thre«^ mar-. 
ried early tiers of this county. Char- 
lotte married Charles Duiib.r, an at- 
toruey at law of .Maquokef;i and quite a 
proiniuent mason and Master of Ht-liou 
Lodye. for live years, honored thus from 
1801 to 1}>64 a'.d also ufrnin in l^Bf,. 

Frances n-.oiTied Isaac Northrop, quite 
an early settler and a farmer here, and 
soLue time afier his death niairicd a Mr. 
Xiles of Anamosa, who was a man very 
much liked by Jhose who knew him. 

Mary J. Walker married DeWitt 
French of near Buckhorn, who some oo 
years a^io went to Nebraska and from 
tiierc to the }*acific coasr, where hi', per- 
fected and had patteuf(;d a device for ex- 
cavating irrigation and flume ditches, 
aud also dred{,'iu(j channels. It is now 
in practical ojjeration and in a fair way 
of bringing a large returu to t he patten- 
tee and to the firm backing the venture, 
by manufacturing and putting 
the oxcuvtitor O'i the luiirket. On ac- 
couul of h^uug an invalid a p:\rt of her 
life, .luliu A. Walker never married. 

Perhap.= a little incident in connection 
with this narative U not umiFS. When 
the Walkers* came to Jackson county 
wolves were quite numerous. Oiie day 
omj of the little Walker girls, Frat.co.s, 
eras she i.-^ best known, Fanny, tlieu a 
young child, visited at a neighbor.'; and 
played wit}> Dit^. neiglibors cliildrcu un- 
till dark bciore starfiui^ liomc, some half 
a mile, distant. WJien uart way home 
she became aware of some animal fol- 
lowing her as .s!ui conM hear the patter 
effect behind h'-r. She didn't kn<..w 
whether it wa-, a dog or v.i.«:it it wan, 
but hmried home a.s fast as she c(mld 
Walk, too briive to run and tof^ fearful 



to ptop to inve.srignto. whieh wn-« per- 
- haps lucky for her. As she rt-ach»'d homo 
her irtfju-r was on* waiting for her ;inil 
remarked. "My lady, do you know there 
is a wolf following you?" 

Fak.mku I^ucichorn. 



RcC'dlcction.s of Karly Days. 

Reciillections of early days, written 
byj. W Ellis for ilie Jacktrou County 
Hisfoncnl Society. 

My letter lest weeic on "Business men 
of .Maqaoketri in IS.jT," has been the 
suejeciof considerable criticism from 
various old settlers. 

1st: ^Ir. .T. W. Oates, clainjs that 
the Chicago, lowu and Nebraska R 11. 
was nmnind trains to Wheatland in 
the Aviuter of Ibof. and 7. To show thaz 
I had good grounds for my Fratemeut. 
that tli^i road was only completed 17 
uiiles west of the river, I copy a paid ad- 
vertisement of the road which appeared 
in No. -iO of Nol. 2 of the Weekly Ma- 
quoketJi F>:celsior, date of Sept 50 l6o7. 

Under a fairly good cut of the quaint 
looking trains of fifty years ago v.-as the 
following: 

Chicago Iowa and Nebraska R R. open 
to Ame::i Creek,]? nnles vrestof tlie Miss- 
issippi river. On and after .Monday, 
Apr 27(h and until furtlier notice pass- 
enger trains will run us follows : Leave 
Cliuton at o'clock a.m .arrive at Ames 
Creek 10:40 a n\. Leave Ame-s creek, at 
4 p. m., arrive at Cliijton .o: -10, p m. 

Pa^<ei/gers taking the !) a m. train 
connect direct with i^tages for DeWitr, 
Muquoketa, Davenpoit, Tipton and To- 
ronto. 

. Ptis.^'.'ngers ^vis^)inf' to go to D*:) Wirt 
on bujuie.^s, can huve three hours at Do 
Wirt u;;d return the >-;imc day. 

Ad l..igg;ign dcsti/;i-d tor Clinton or 
tlie rottd vdd bj r^ccivfd at Fniton, djhI 
delivered frt.-e of ciiari^'e Freiglir trains 
run d.Lily. .M. .Siairli, IJnginei-r anri i:u- 
I>. rintt.i5d.;nt, ("lioton, Ajir 2i' JnV/. 

Otlier.s say then; V. e)0 other busine-s 
ine»\ iu .\huiuokeia in l.^.")7. Well. th;;t 
is why I wrote tht; anieb:. We want to 
know w.^^.o v,'as in buMiiess, and will a))- 
Vret;hu«; the infui hKit MjM. J. W. 



Around C.anton in IS.SO 

lu my Inst lorter 1 promi-.Cfl to ratike 
Canton my next point t.> srnv Iroin. It 
was in the winter of ISoO t!i;ir I found 
this place. It wa-* a small villafje of 
perhaps 150 iulnibitiuirs, Th^re was 
here an excellent w.trer po\\>T with a 
flonrin^? mill, a saw null and a woolen 
factory, tovrother with other marhiuery 
for cu'tint? pla^terine lath and also 
tarniuj; lathes, in faet anythiuf: in tlie 
line of wooden supplies could be ob- 
titined here. Canton had the only fjrist 
mill in a circuit of '20 miles, and su\v 
mills w«"»re al.so very few and far be- 
tween. Canton also liad two fairly good 
COuntry*stMrps, The proprietor of all 
these industries was J. J Tomilsou, 
formerly a Yirt^'iuiau, who also owned 
about 700 acres of timber laud and near- 
ly all the town lots. Canton tlins equip- 
ped became the center of trade for many 
miles around, It was then a brisk vil- 
lage and did more business in a day 
than it now doe:< in two mouth.s. The 
proprietor was a man of great energy 
and with all, a genial disposition, 
easily app)'ta« hed and a man of more 
than orditmry int»^Uifj;ence, 

Mr. E. M. Franks, fin nierly of Ohio, 
was also here and in the n\ercantile bus- 
iness, and a trader in hva stf-.ek, bavin;? 
at this lime JJOO steers and cows in one 
feed lot, tojreiher with three or four 
hundred Bhoats us gleaners. 

Canton was already about 20 years 
old and was amou^j; the tlr.st settlements 
west of the Mi-"sissi[)pi, a/nl at that time 
I thought it was destined to bo one of 
the«best inland points in the state. Be- 
inrj surroundt.'d by ji d^.-nsc body of tim- 
ber and as pood w{tt(;r pr)wer jjs couhl 
IX! fonnd anywhere i/i the state, iMelt 
that I hail found the right sjior ot last. 

Aniong the. re^id»'jiis were some that 
the reader will (lnubtle?s remember. 
John Key nor, an lOnglvslirnan, wlu) hud 
recent ly cotne over !•> opi rate t)ie wool- 
en mills. i)r 'J' (iraey, wlio also v.ms 
county surveyor, and his i wo d,,|uu i. s. 
0. Vincent and J. Woods. d'arvis 



Smith, n merchant, J. Brenaman, a jus- 
tice and uottiry, Dr. Johnson, then a 
practicing phy^icillu, who on one oc- 
casion was retnrning from a visit to a 
patient fell from his bngiiy into a mud 
ho'.p, while under the intlueuce, but he 
surcev-ded in gaining his seat after some 
struggle. His clothing now ia a sad 
plig!)t, on his arrival at his homo he 
fuund a man waiting with a fortliwirh 
call stH-en miles away. He now faced 
about to imu\ediately obey tlie call, but 
here his wife interferred and said doctor 
you can't go in such a plight, come in 
and change your clo lies, but he refus.-d 
and said Jie had not the time. His wife 
still protesting the doctor now turn(-d to 
the mssseuj(er and said, did iliay c-.md 
for my clothes or for me, to wliich he 
replied, for yon, all right here J go. 
There was also at this tinui an old gen- 
tleman stoppmg at th£> only hotel in the 
villaire, Fulron by name, always well 
dressed and plenty fnnJs topay his way, 
he had already been here over a ye.ir. 
Some of the citizen.s once asked hijii 
wheu he had imbili .'d a bit too freely, 
why he did not seek a more desirable 
place to spend the evening of his life, to 
Vv-hich he replied, I am all right here, I 
am under a salary, I am hired to stay 
hire by parties in York state, whorac 
defendants in u suit pending in court I 
am the only important witne:.s and I 
must stay here until I am found out by 
the plain till in the case, and then I must 
hide again. 

Having now completed my recent l.iud 
purchase I decided lO rejtur-n to my liume 
in Pennsylvania till such lime wheii llio 
remaiJider of my lather's family conM 
be got ready to emigrate. It was now 
mid winter, and their being no rail, 
roads farther v.i .-.t tiian Pitt.^buvgh, I'a., 
I must nre«ls go by steamer dcnvn l!iv 
^Il-si^sipl)l Iviv* r and ui> tilt! Ohio, be.i 
the u;4)cr river being now ice-b<ie.ri«], 1 
niu.st make my way l«)St. Loui.^ ov>m- 
land. I now start' d for IMl. vue v> h 
I Jjad 8(>n.() uL} .;i;l( d bu.sii:e.>s t't aitv ml 



ro. Oti iiKiy w'.xy ni^^'ht overtook- me 
nbont 1.") niili's vvest of rh:ir town where 
J fouml a louc sr?ttlor, who hnd ev il^^nt- 
ly been a very early serrli>r from t\vt ap- 
pearance of his builbiD-js and other sur- 
ronufling-*, and h';ro I staid over niijht. 
The man was appireu-ly fully r>.) y*^ irs 
of atre and had a fii»ni y of five or .^ix 
children, all of them far up, past their 
teens. Thi old ni;in told \n-\ tiiat his 
former hom'> was in old Virfrinia, which 
he hud left more than -10 years a<io. and 
tliut he h id stopped a few years in In- 
diana and lat^^r on in Illinois, and no"w 
in Jackson county, Lnva. On my avriv- 
ftl the old man tsont one f)f the l)oys to 
the post olU(?e to see if there was anj' 
mail, the distance to Tjamotre, where the 
post odiee was kept, was five miJcs, dur- 
iu«j the eveninjs; tho mail travu me au in- 
teresting; history of his life np to the then 
present time. About o'olook tlie boy 
returned bringin*; a letter postmarked 
Virgiuia, the whole, family now gath- 
ered around all anxiety, the old man 
now turned to me and said, stranger can 
you read writiu;:, \vhich I answered in 
the afllirmative, he then handed me the 
letter to read, but I told him it mi-,'ht 
contain Komething not suitable for a 
stranger to hear. He said, none of my 
folks can vetxd Hud \7e inu^l (lep*=^nd on 
others. 1 th.ui reail the hitter, which 
Wwis from ft broth^n•, and was throughout 
very religious and emotiomd in tone, I 
had uoc read half the letter till the old 
man wus on his feet clapping his hands 
and shontii»g. Glory to God, in this his 
^vifc alio joined, after quiet wa« re- 
baixied, I Hnislied tlie reading, when an- 
other out})urst occurred, in true r)ld ^'ir- 
giniu style. J\ly entertaimnent hy tlie 
family thronidiout was of the hospitable 
kind for winch the southi rn people are 
famous. 

Ju all my experience before and since, 
I never m*:t willi a family so ihorouL'hly 
illit»rate and so thoi onghly clni«^rain 
ami vmotional and I bi-g.m tos(;iL!ythe 
CMUse. G'()oM ma»".!ny wit. was nnt w;int- 
iu".' with any mnul.er ol ili ; laiiuly. The 



letlt'ri^f the evening was well eompos>Hl 
, and showed the emoi ional ciiristaiu 
, thruout and carried with it the spirit of 
southern hospitality and so<:iability. And 
the kind treatment, shnple and unprC" 
tentions as it was, ami the emotional 
out burst of the evening before, and the 
hearty benediction at my starting out 
in the morning siiowed plainly that 
good people with fertil brain can have 
tlh.'ir origin in the mountains of Vir- 
ginia.- Altogether it had the eflVet to 
command respect instead of amusemeut 
and contempt, and I was constrained to 
bow the head in reverence. 

But I must now hasten to V, llcvuc 
and from their to St. Louis and secure n 
pa-sage to I'ittsburgh. On this trip 
nothing occurred and ]'2 days afterward 
I found myself once ^moro among my 
fatlicr's family and among my old neigh- 
bors and friends. 

My next letter will . begin with my 
.second departure for the far west as it 
was then called. 

Lem Wagonei:. 



Recollections of Kzirly Days by 
A. J. IMiillips. 

My father, William Phillips, came to 
the Territory of Iowa ill l^'AI, and set- 
lied near tlio Matjuoketa Uiver north of 
th»jcit3' and nuide tbe farm, now known 
a.i t'ne Sears farm. At that time this 
part of Iowa was almost a ti-actless wild- 
erness, there was not a road of any kind 
v. here the city now is located, except au 
Indian trail which came from Dunhaiu's 
grove crossed Mill Creek where McCloy's 
nrdl since stood. 

There were three ether families who 
cnrae to lown in oompauy with my fatlv 
er. Joht) Chirk, who <»'ttled on the I'ld 
n^res whi':h is now tla- ?outhf asl part of 
the eiiy; Isaac Miteh"ll and fai!)ily,w lio 
teuled on the JtlO a' l cs vinre known as 
t;;e W illiam Ciintur tai ni, wliv ie \N ill- 
iam Chnri ut. Jr., ihi- pieseni i-dilo- oi 
tl<o M a'iui)I(i:'a Jlf«v.id was bom; t"'' 



hiril family was Johu Bariiett. 2v!r. 
bructt (Utl not stop here very lon^, lie 
:cnt Fonrh and serried utwr Tjiwliu^xion. 
ohu Clark sold his laud to Mr. Marshall, 
ibo also owned at, that, time the mill 
\h\c\i afterwards bceamc the property 
f Joseph McOioy. 

When we came here in IS^^T, theie 
verc a f;ood niauy Winneba;;o ludians 
lero, living: near the torks of the Mu- 
nokota River. The year before we came 
lore n pood inany of them died with the 
mall pox, souie of them were harried 
lu the sand ridge east of Ilurstville. 
I'bey died of¥ so rapidly that they quit 
»iirryiag and laid their dead oa the 
irouud with their head at the base of a 
arj<e tree, wrnppf>d in their blankets 
urt such other clothing as they wore, 
ilso tht'ir guns, bows and arrows, liateh- 
ts and whatever they liappened to owu 
vas laid by their side. The women 
vero laid out with tlieir clothing wrap- 
led tij^hily around them, decked with 
ong Ktring.s of beads, ear jewelss, brace- 
ets and &uch things as they used to orn- 
uncnt with, camp kettles and knives by 
heir side, and a small ])en built around 
protect them from wild animals. 

Some of the early settlers robbed the 
lead of their guiis, ^jewelry, camp ket- 
les, etc., and cairied otf soivio of t he 
)oncs for relics. 1 used to go and visit 
ho bleaching bones some years after 
:he llt'sh had all gone. 

Daniel Livermove came from Ohio I 
hinkin 1S15, he drove a good teaui of 
)ay horses. AVhen a call for voluntoerH 
rtas made for cavalry soldie rs for the 
ivarwith Mexico, ho sold liis tea!)i to 
Krastus (:>ojdon and Alon/.o l iivormore 
mine other young men voluntered for 
ihewjir, but they were sent up to the 
north of Iowa, on Tnrlccy 1 liver, to pro- 
'I'Ot th^) srtflnmf'iits fro)ii the Indians, 
•vho wiao hostile at the time. 

Mr. William Current eaun! with some 
)th(;riiir;n on foot from Camula in J^:i:>. 
1-liey were unsafe l-i C'aimda as tla y 
>v*!ro friendly to the iv.billioa. (^uite a 



number came here about that lime from 
Canada an(i became trood citizens, took 
up land, broke up the wild prairie s.id, 
endured the hardships of pionet-r lite, 
reared fanulies of honor a^d havt*. ^one 
to tht'ir rewar^l, of such -I love to cheri.^-li 
their memory. Surely at titues wlveu I 
•think of the early days and the fi>w wlio 
were at that time ueiKhbor^, altb.ou^h 
liviag twenty mil. 'S apart, friends, yes, 
sucli only u.s death caji part. I can only 
hud at the prrseut time, who ciime hero 
before ISoO, now living: Anson Wilson, 
Royal Gtx)denow, Mrs J. E. Goodeiiow, 
Miles Eaton, Geo. and Benjamin sSe.ii.-, 
atul .lames 1^. Wright. 

My father entered the first land in 
Maquoketa township on Nov. 1, ISOS.. 
the land was noc .surveyed by the gov- 
ern Uieut until J.S:*,S. My father was oi o 
of ttie CMumissiouers who organized 
Jackson cour>ty, and \N as one of tlic 
grand jurors of the first court held at 
Bt^llevue. 

I neglected to mention Charlie and 
.Frank Burleson, they were Jiere before 
ISIO. I was so young wheji wecunje to 
lo\VA that 1 did nor. take very much to 
the scenes of Dianhood. I, en joyed liunt- 
lug and fi.shiiig, there was an abundance 
of game in that line. As I grew up I 
learned to handle n spear wirii snc!i 
skill thaz u large fish was nearly uhvnys 
my game if I had a clear chatice to 
throw my spear, often a disfatico of ."() 
feet. Wild deer and turlcey usi'cl to 
como into our corofirbl. the turkeys af- 
ter corn and the deer after green fall 
wheat. 

My father V'uilt the first saw mill in 
tins part ot the counly om Mill Creel:, 
two tnilfs north'Mst of the city, it was 
of s.'iorc life, nft( he had spent oi\'^ 
tho-.isand dollars he ^nld it to ICIi.jali 
Eaton, who soon ab;u\d' mcd it as un- 
jM oiifaMe because t h-' K'til wa> so loo-e 
that a d(on wouhl not hold fluMnill 
l),)nd, A.J. I'liti r 11'^. 

f 



Jacques (^harpiot. 

The following; iiitei esriii^ .sJcotcli of - 
OMH of J!i(:k>oM comiry's picon-prs \s-iis 
cliup'jfl from ji Ir-iirr wrirreu by J. W. 
Kllis. for tlm ClmroTi Advertispr iu July 
lSi»7. Mr. Ellis, who \v:i.s svell acquiimt- 
fd wirh Jiicqiu's Ohuroiot.says thac as an 
explort-r, sconl aii»l jruifle," as woll as his 
ndventerou.-; life oti tlie plains aad 
iu the mountains would eiitille liini to 
rank with Kir. Carson. Since this letter 
was written, both .lacques and Barbara 
havt' cro>si^d the dark rivt r and joined 
their kindred on the other shorn. 

**Wo had a pleasant visit one day last 
week with oar old friend Juoque:* Char- 
piot.of the Tetodes Moris Valley Jacciues 
is a quaint oharniiir and has had a won- 
derfully eveiitful career. Ho was born 
iu France iu ; dosirint^ to oomo to 
America when about 14 years old and 
bciug refu>:ed a passport, he had some 
friends iiail him up iu a cracker box and 
carry liiui aboard an American bound 
vessel, whereby he escaped the vigilant 
eye of the inspector, and was enable to 
join his frieuds in I'hiladelphia. At the 
breaking out of the civil war he was liv- 
ing in St. Louis and enlisted iu the first 
Missouri, and served tlirough the war. 
Iu 1800 lie fitted out 12 teams witli a 
yoke of cattle to each wagon aud went 
to freighting across the plains to Denver 
and other i)oiut:?, aocnmulating avast 
amount of wealth. 

At cue tin^o ha was eugaged in the 
uiercriutih) business iu Denver and oper- 
ated a mine, working a large f(jrce of 
mcu for three years. At one time u fire 
iu Central City ch.anod him out. He 
handled hundreds of thonsaJids of dol- 
lars and .spent money as lavish as a 
prince. Alter Bpending teus of thous- 
ands of dollars on his mines, they provcnl 
nothing better than a sink hole to him. 
C>n one o^;casiou lie sold a mine to jvn 
custcrn brok«;rfor slOO.OOO. The papias 
were made out :ind tlio broker came on 
to Denver with llie funds to pay for it, . 
arriving on the sfaf^.* in the evnninj.'.iiml 
UOlified Ja( (juo.H to meet him ut his Ijo- 
tel the next mcihiMg. During tlio night 



the mau died. - A son eauie on from tiie 
east for the body of his fath-r. On be- 
ing told of the business of his father iu 
Denver he said that ho ha'l not lost a 
mine, aud didn't waur to f ml one, .so 
took the .^100,000 back with him. 

On one occasi'.m while frei<:hrincr, ho 
passed a ranch wh» re a butcher lived 
aud saw tliou<auds of hides dryiutr iu 
thesuu. He hunted up the butcher and 
asked what he intended to(l> with iliem. 
The buteh'jr didn't know ' What will 
you take for rheui?" a>iked the French- 
man. •'What will you give?*' Cliar- 
piot offered fifty dollars and wu-s told to 
take I hem. He liad the hide.^ stacked 
on his wagons and bound thnm with 
poles like hay, and started east with 
them. When he got to Omaha, a pass- 
ing empty vessel too -( the hides to St. 
Louis for a nominal sum, and the as- 
tute Frenchman cleaned up over .$4,00u. 
On his return trip, v. hieh he was accus- 
tomed to make empty, -after ^everal 
years of vai^-iug forcuuts. sometimes al 
most a millionaire, and at othur liaies 
freighting with oxen, he found him>elf 
iu ISiC with very lirth^ of his great loi- 
tuue left, except the farm he hadbonght 
in Prairie Springs township before fl\e 
war. 

B^nng brave and resolute aud foud of 
adventure, he was easily persuaded to 
join a U. S. Geolt^.^ical survey party, in 
'1872, aufl was in the eujploy of the gov- 
ernment, in that cipiiinty for seviral 
years. His tales of ad^t-ntun', are more 
enteriainiiig than Cooper's novels. He 
led the surveying p ii fy into the cliff 
dwellers country in thf- soufhwi st cor- 
ner of Colorado, jnul thinks that lie was 
the first v,hit<Mu iti that ever gazc-d on 
the ruins of this prehi>foric people; 
wir.lo exjiloiing tlw; rou::h( ^t portion of 
the mountainous country of C/olora<lo, 
they were attacked l)y a party of rene- 
g,»de Utes, who snrronndi,d th' iu on tlio 
side of the nuiunf :iiM ,ujd kept flu nic^r- 
raled in a place xNht-r.j they could not 
obtain watt c for M.-M-ral days; Ihey had 



to Isiy com.-ealed throu^'h the dtiy, as ixuy 
uiovi'uu'iit iu their ciiuip would biiii^ a 
a voUoy of inillets from ilie coucfalod 
foe. Oiu' moruiug after the party liad 
bcea thriH» days \s-ith..ut water, Char- 
piQi put a pitH-e of loaf £ut,'av iu his 
mouth and ^Tour.d it up aud blew it out 
us dry as powder, rein.n kintr that they 
had stayed loijv: euoui:h ill that place. 
He told his compaiiious tliar in auother 
d:iy they would all die wi'hout water 
aud they mu>i fight their way out ; that 
if auy of them fell the others should pay 
uo atteutiou to them bat keep right on. 

I will take the leiid, if I fall keep du 
ill the way L was lie led tlvi lead 

mule aud kept the bell riaj^nn^: to at- 
tract the lire of the Indians to himself, 
find alihouj^h severely wounded iu the 
head, ho emerged from the trap, witJi 
the party eutire, but with the loss of 
sovou mules killed; they were oOO miles 
from a settlement or camp and had but 
15 pounds of flour. Tliis, when they 
^'ot to water, they mixed up aud baked 
ou hot sfoues. A thin cake, half the 
si'/y of a nian's baud, was the ration for 
oue day They niade. the journey of .000 
miles iu 10 days, living ou such small 
birds and gamn us they could ^lloot with 
their pi.srols. After they reached Den- 
ver Ch^iiiiot rccoiveil a piesent from the 
government in reeojrnition of iiis ser- 
vices, which he was very proud of, it 
being a silver mounred pistol with the 
foDowinj:^ inscriptic/u: "Presented to 
Jacques Charpiot for bravery and fid el- 
iry in the battle witli the lUnrgado 
Utes, Au;^. and Hi, ISIo." After that 
expedition Charpiot left tlie survey and 
started n restaurant in Denver He v.as 
l)rospC'rin,%', Ns^licn a fire cleaned liimont, 
and h'' returned to his Iowa home to 
»'p(^nd his voniaininf^ d;>.ys in peHr;o, f.ir 
from fhf; rxciiing scent s Ihrouf^di which 
)ic had ]ta<sod. 

The old hero lm:> all tlio comforts of 
life, a ^.'ood prodnrtive f.-irm, a tl.vifty 
orchard and ;:ood building's. The cel- 
lia of their .shnie mansion is hcvnoiit 



of solid rock, fnuu which Mrs Ohar]iifit 
hr. Ill ;^'h t furth last year's applet, whii h 
wen.' as.NOutid on the *iSth day of July 
as in the previous Orroher. Mrs. Cliav- 
piot is a worthy part uer for her advi.-n- 
turous husband. Althoa^h J»4 yeiir> of 
a^f . her luiurant huir is blaek as a rav- 
en, audslji* has a:liiiH liuure. She beji.-, 
a sn ikiij^; rrseiubliinct'. to tht Kmpn-.s.'. 
.Jris< phine. fust witV; of the j^rtuit Inu- 
poleon. 



Discover)' of llic C.oimtcrfeiters. 

Fifty Tears apjo Iowa had no herd laws 
aud cattl»', hogs autl horses were allowed 
to run at Lirgo and ottoa strayed two or 
three miUs from home. On oue fX'cas- 
siou Orwa Siidcey and.laim's Cooley 
had souio cattle iu ttjc woods that they 
iiad not seen tor a n\ »uth, so the two 
men starred out to search for the cattle, 
which tlii-y oxi.eetcii to find down ou tiie 
south fork of the Ma(iuok»;ta River. 
Tli^'y foaowt-rl Tinu Crei^k about ri'.j 
miles wtivTi' the bhills ou either side rise 
from locc) lou fet-r. fUit here they con- 
cluded ?i>chun)re th. ir coarse aie; looked 
for a place where thr>y mi^ht .'-eale tlie 
bluffs tu «,'ef onto the table laud Af- 
ter doin-: this they disenveri-d a thin 
coluuin of sijioke risiii): out of a cr»-.vi>c 
(il the ksl^-e, of roeks, undh» re they were 
pu/./led n.) kno'v from wheuee il c ime 

Tlnw r.ow be{^i>n !i search to tee wh<-re 
access i3ji;:ht Ijo harl to the smoul'b-riu^: 
fire. Aisd after a elo'ie sourch they found 
a dim j.i'.-h thai led by a cneuitoas ro.uc 
nmou^' til-' rocks to tt cave cntirt ly hid- 
di;n fivti:i view, eitla r from above or I'v- 
low, tb'i tle.-y (-n't ii'<l and fouml fsyine 
eml>t:i>» tJ\at sfiil ^- :vi; f<nlli a litiif 
smoke. They uNo found >onjt' fr.«:~'- 
mc Ills fn metal Iviii" aioniid that r' le. 
blcil silve r, ,'ind lliey also found a num- 
bor of inip. ifi-et t oii:> stirkinu* m f * 
ic- in the sid-s of tlie cave. J^J» fh' V 
siiw no i.ain and no mint, Th' y k*'^ '" 
, r. 'l b'.ioe of the im]^<Tf» et c«'iM^ a»'. I 
,h».ir .•s.Mp-, believin;: fl a M > 



2-) 



c IV flvvolU rs ini-ci»t C(uiee=iU>d in the 
brush soinewln'n' ueavl>y,^^mHi tharT)iiir' 
w.ts nor a ht'alfliy plac tolt^uk for cat- 
tle, -r* they ^rot away f».s soon as chey 
cowLV Hui tht\Y t 'J(i everybtjcly what 
tlity hail f on lid 

Af that time Neshoa Ahii-ii liwd.at 
EnH'iifio, \vl\t> ca:u«^ iiotii Ohio s^'Vt'ial 
years before He was >oiue\vhat 
out sv'Okc.ii and frequi'iiily said ihnt 
there was a iKst of counterfiters in the 
bijr \vo.")d:5 and that th«'y mu^r bo ferret- 
ed out aiid d».>alt wir,h arcordiii*,' to law. 
It was soou after that Mr. Aldeu was 
doiug some worli iu his tiiiibor that lie 
had i\ hole .siiOt tlirou^rli )iis liat, but did 
no damage move than cutting? a little 
wiii.sp of hair. He <iui.'I:ly looked around 
to see from wheucu the shot came, and 
saw a iitaii rnuniu};; in the opjiositc di- 
rectioa wiih a <,'uu in Ins }i.i!\d, Mr. 
A)d«'U in\uiediatelf* reported to his 
neifjlibois and this circuuist.mcc and the 
fiudiuj^ of the cave is what frave rise to 
the vigilance comnuttee that formed 
two days after And what followed I 
will relate iu luy next letter. 



Vij»ilancc Committee of 185:i 
There arc doubtless? uiauy yet living 
in .Tacksoi? county remember that 

there lived a ^^r. BiiriTer in tlui noiph- 
borhood of the n\<HUh of Little's ereok 
1853 or *01, who. on uecount of sotuo 
family trouble sep,irat<.d from bis wife, 
nnd tlmt his wife, found refupe.with 
some of hor friends in the town of 
Bellevue. 

After some time the said Rar^^'pr found 
out her whereabouts, so ho followed lu r 
U[>firid laid iu wait for her l).^hind a 
board fence., the era?lcs bt inu' cli)^e 
enouL'h so that, a man euuld hid • U.hind 
it without brinv' seen. Here he whitth il 
a hole .sulliei'-nf ly lart't? to to h t ih.i 
mu/.zle (.'f liis ride ihroejrh and ht re 
he watched until she i-iad" In r npp.'ar- 
tmee in thi.' y;;id fuily in ihf moiunn;, 
and then hr '■lutt hi r d'>arl. 

I eai.ot not tiow t<'U how lon;r after 



- the murdi-^r nutil the .«:aid Rarv:».r wiis 
arrested. But he was hnuted dovrn atid 
biou^'ht to preliminary trial and cou:- 
mitred to jail and in due time was rrit -1 
iu the disrriet court, but on areonnt of 
some irrep:ulariri'=-s iu rhe proope.liii::s he 
was a.^ain commirted And tlif^e im- 
perftct trials connuued from linn- to 
time until nearly 3 years had elap-».(l. 

At his last trial in Jackson county hi* 
took a change of venue to Clinrcju coun- 
ty and the prisoner was removed to iJe- 
Witt jail for .safe keeping, until court 
would again convene. By this time tlic 
whrde commu/iity was thorou}'!ily 
aroused at the thought that one ot i!;.. 
most cold bloodi'd murderers was ni.w 
in a fair way of c.-;ca]'ing the penalty of 
the law, and wliile the excitement wa-; 
still high, still another foul murder ns.s> 
corumifted near East Iron Hill. 

- In the neighborhood lived a m;in 
whose name I cannot now recall, but In- 
had formerly lived in York Srate ainl 
had settled some where east of Iron Mil! ^ 
a year or tv. o bcfoi e This man, it w.is 
said, had a charge lianging over Jiim of 
some crime he had connuiited in York 
State aud had fled ro his present hidin;; 
place to evade a triid in court. Tl.i-ie 
was also a neighbor of bis found his v.mv 
someiime afterwards to Jackson county 
and settled in the saMie locality nana d 
Ingle or Kngle, wno soon found ruu fh..i 
his former old neiglibor was nor kn.ju.n 
hero by the .same name that In? v.ms 
known by iu t!ie. east, ft was aUo s iiii 
that !\Ir. Engle would b'.'comc v.n im;n. - 
taut witness against the criminal in ca- : 
he was apprehended. And it now be 
came necessary to gi t Mr. Ihipl" ""t 
of the way, or got away liimself. An-i 
hero Mr. Criminal loi ined ii plan. 'I h. le 

bciuf^ a young man ii» tie- n«'i'/ld.vab I 

who lacked consi'lrrable of Ih mg sound 
of mind, (Ji illord by name, who tl •-• 
crinunal hired, for Vl'^"*, to «le<-oy Mr. 
liiigleinio the v.f.o-U timb r the prc'.' N' 
of hunting s(|uii n :.nd as soo.i as llj'? 
oppurluiuiy was g..od, he :»hoi Idtn ill 



tlio back oftlie hoad. T)if tn^o int'u 
w vTO >i oil goiu{j: towards rlu; tiuil>ei- to- 
pother. b'>rh avim vi w it h i ilL.^-, but no 
oiit^ siisi>'-oted foul bl.iy Attt^r a wiule 
(7riiyovd returned alofie, but when Mr. 
f^iKlt' P'^^ '^'-"^ appearance on 

time, some of the intert>rt d i:artii s be- 
gan qurstioniii^' Uriti'oid as to En;;les 
whi;n abour>, and as lu' |ravt^ vei y nn- 
satisfjctovN' answers. it at once 
aroused sus picion. St)>in searcliers were 
ill the wi'Od and tound K:);rh"^ siiot, the 
ball euieriiif,' the baek part of the head. 
Griflord was so u after arrested and at 
a preliminary trird cot)fo;-sed sub.^ran- 
tially to the aljovc srat.^d fans ;ind was 
conimilfed to jail to await a trial in tlie 
district court. Tliis circumstr.nco added 
to tho already Idgh t<-mpevturu of tiie 
peojjlo of Jaekson county and tlio talk 
of lynehin<^ became general. Before 
auytldi-jf^ definite was deeddcd on, th(re 
was Slid another horror in store for the 
people. 

There lived a man on the corner of rhe 
present Kmeline. nam^d Nesbet Aldeu, 
who had moved iu' from C)hio ^ eve"al 
year.s before lie was in ;:ood cireum- 
i^taiices and was .suppo-ed to liave crtii- 
sideral)l»« jutniey and owned about v'^O 
acres of lau^l. day he v.-.is in his 

woods pa^rurt.' d v;ri^,- some work, ixwd 
heaiin;Mbe crack ol a r-ile and at ilie 
i'ume tim.- lerli-;': a ^liji'nr Mnarr undr r 
the hair of his be.id, he (>uifkly ttirnrd 
in the dirr(;tiuu fr(;iii whieh the report 
of the rifle came. To his horror he s;iw 
a u)an runnini: li.s l)'-t with ride in 
hand, lie now ioo.\ o:Y liis liat to e.v- 
urniNO his scalp, but found nf) l)loof:, 
he then cxamiot d his bat and bnind 
two bnllcL hnli-s wh.re the b.nll had 
))ass. d in and out. liv thi iime h" was 
t'nouron;;hly alarmed iuul iim-ed iat<'ly 
b^-^an a li;i.-(y r- rrcif li-jineward aod re- 
liorled ti) In , nu::ld)(,rs wlie.f hafi Ji-jv 
pened. 'J■hi^, t^.-.vs .-pn -mI Jdo; v. ,id luv, 
aad at In.n Hill (!e citi/.-ii; hixl a'li. adv 
taken s!'-ps toluiiii ihrmstive.s into a 
vij^ikuir.' comniiue". 'J lu o!',,Mni/.;i ; k mi 



was ipiickly eoninkled, and con.si.-«t-d 
of nearly ih»* wiioh^ conununir v. In the 
mfaniirue rhe af' ires lid O'imin.d of York 
State bad disapue<tred and thi> created 
no >mall >tir atnon^' the r>'C«'Utlv fmanrd 
c »nuniuee. But tlje t-riininal had t:on>' 
and luihKly knew when or where. 
1 don't know now, wheth.r lic was 
ev»'r heard from at : erwarii. 

The I'omuiittt'e afl<>;»trd a constirutidt.i 
and bydaws, tlie^ pr.nided that tne 
assa.ssiti, the thief und the countevluter 
would be dealt with alike. 

One Jacob Lamiis was elected their 
]ire>ideuf and letider. This placed the 
liuhr uiiin in rlu' ri:rhf place for bu.-ine.is. 
I had bv;r Jinic acq nitrntanr-e ab-^nt Ivoa 
Udls and tl>ereiore eau not h«'ie ^im the 
names exce[d. the two L tiidi> boy^, with 
tht >e two 1 had some !ic(juuintanctj. Jn 
thi; ine;iu time a similiar ccnamitti -- was 
fwrniiu^' at lilmfdnu; v. here the e.veite- 
ment w;'.s now at t builin^ jjoint, 

I will here say tluit tliO comndttres 
ar eitli'T of ihe ixe.ur-. wer«; ceMnjiO-rd 
by a lar^^e majonry of tl;e best cla--> of 
tlie eiri?' Ji-;. Allmeinhers were r-'^-jnired 
by the cnn.sf if ui ioi; to subscribe an oath, 
before U:'my. admitted to ni.nnbei.-hip, 
that rhey had not at any time previous, 
b-eu iii unywa}- connecrc l with c jjnt - 
e -n n iny i.Mn,^'^ , tlii ivim.'. tu- any o-.her 
utdawfu! imvsuit,-. This «i.ith \\a> >o 
.sti'iV that it was impo-sil)l(i for a b >:_'i:s 
to m svithour t^f-rjury. At lar.- ane 
Oil the itppointol (hiy for or:;ani:Mru>!i 
there. ;;.--i;inbled ar l"M--t T"t of (he cifi- 
zoiis wi^h somi' mim is ni t lu- cr<«\^d. 
but no njin(;rs could l-e admit ifd. 'J';ie 
coiistituf ton wa- tlnni r< ad ;\i)d adi.prid 
\s iih a ra .li 1)\' ;i n-^in;; \n'.>' and wu'^ 
n-ev if.v'iy for ^i;'lla'ul■• s. Tne iir-t m in 
to sidvrf>l)i- was I !«e Ih-v. Iddad ( u •l\• 
fM■|l.,sv( •! l>v K' v. .\. r.b Donald, X. >b 1 
Alflen, I.-.yd Ahl 'ii Clarl: (\>n\y, .K '-u. 1 
(aavrn. D.cvtnr t,'riiv« i:. O >iMb> , 
Sh* II Cr.ivrn, .lam',-> < "ooly, ll,n\<v M • 
h .nald rle., till iiwi ..u natuf.^ wi »<■ o\ 
t;i:ni d. 

If w.k- lu/W n» ee y-ai y that \ < na;int »ir 



ti>llivvs: R«;v. i'oi>ly, prt suU-nr, 

J. Cravtii, scrit'tav}- and I^ov. A. 
M'*D:»iu)ltl. tiva^urcr. This (•OL!ii)li;r''d 
flie or^aniziitioii aiul the couimif r^k' was 
II. .'W read}' for bnsiiifss. uiid v\>'V\ im^m- 
b»M' of said oornuiirteo w.a-; {)lar<. (l niidt\r 
obliuMfitui to ri'.siKJiid co rh--. call or" i-u^ 
chairman fo'tbwitli, w nfvt-r h'l^ >. r^ 
vices were required ro i.ai\-:ae ami run 
dowu liny luiscreaal. who violatiHl thu 
laws to rbr d'-triment uf 111*- public weal, 
and the, uftendcr wiu n so arrtstod was 
marh^ subject to a fair and iuipartial 
trial. Hi-j guilt or iunrn;erice was deter- 
mined by a vulc of tl;i^ couiniitteo But 
it must here be admitted that this eoui- 
iLiittee was it.-i'df an uulawful .'onibiiie. 
Bat wa.s bioii^dii ituo existaivet^ to do 
what t])e idiJiiuiHtors of the law had 
hilhcrro failed to do. 

There, were now two coininitt('f;.,-jin 
exibt-tuee, but entirely indepcmdent of 
each other- 

Now let the readiM follow mt; to Irou 
Ilihs 10 enquire of thr. .S''nior coniniiriei- 
as to ihtnv plana for the future. Hut wi^ 
fiud them not In r.v We are told tle'y 
are j;one, th<'y left this niornin}; in a 
bo<ly with JaooVi Lm-lis in tlie lead We 
U( \t h»;ar of thrir ariiva! iu the town fif 
Audrt'W and ha^-'ih' sui rnatu: in llie 
jad they (banainb d of ll..- Knp' i a cfj - 
tain prisoMri'. (tii'Vord by uann'. PaMn^' 
informed by tht; jailor tiiat the pn.-oner 
was in his en-toily e.nd that luMuu-t 
hold liini until t)ie (li-trii:t court coii- 
veru'd. The leafier of the' fonunittrt' in 
forme.d the jailer that t h«' vo\ii t had bi i ii 
in S( >sion, and t)i(: pri^orn r had ;:h. aily 
eoiiviet« rl himself oi non- h-r in tie- liist 
(l(-^.aee and our com nut I ''e i-. hi re to » .\e- 
(ail'- t!ai i>i'n.dl v.Tiie jail' r - till prote- ted. 
wlii i'cupoii the I'Md' i- .'Cnt a (h[>nta- 
lion to biiii;:, out lite pi-i.^nt r. Tlii- ru- 
der wa'- qnirhly oIh y d .md ( iirtiord s..oo 
fiiioid hi')i.-< It :aino'i,';:l. d b> the eoni 
nul te'e, whose rank-; h.\d h. ' ii inert .i"-- d 
dr.rin;!; their maieh lo eir uum .•. Mr. 
li.indi> nosv r.ave ihf p.iMae r an oppor- 



tunity to make a sf;itemeiit, and here 
GriQ'ord made a full coufession, snb- 
stautially in Hue with tlie Rrst statp- 
ment at his preliminary hearinj: Afr.-r 
this the fxecutiouers ])lactri th.' no<->se 
over his lifad and led him to a ne.irby 
tree having a hir^e pn^j-etiuL' liuiS 
about lo fei'f from thi; -rrouiul, oyer 
N%-hicli ibe rop^ wa'i throwii. Tiic lead- 
er now placed his men in line a'.oi:;:. the 
rope, which was of sufUeieut leu,:rji to 
^ive all who f.dr. so disposed a free 
ehance to pnll. And then came tlio or- 
der from the leader, all ready, now prdl, 
and in less time than it takes io r. U ir. 
Gritfoui was secii iu the air. And here 
the cun du must drop. 

But ilie coin-^iitt. e had Ltill an^t'.cr 
performance on the pro;rram. After a 
.short council the commit tci resamcl 
their line of mnrch. this time th.\v wer<> 
h.adiiiL,' in the direction of D.AVitt, 
their number increa-inj: as th-.-y 
nuirchtd. After tl:<-ir ariival at t!io 
then ee-mty ^-lat of Olintor county, the 
omnd-N i! surroan.i..d thu j rd a-, at An- 
drew, -iid deuianded of lla- j.iih r the 
pri.-.on-'/iT llaiver. Airaiiist thij (f inand 
thv- jailer vi'jo;-ou.-ly ])rote>,fd. The 
piote.-t 'vas ^oon overcome. Tlnj ,-,lrd;^'i: 
Liud t:. r crowbar wfre brou;^'ht to tliC 
fruUl a jd the fl^]vafie'3 soon jrjined an 
ei\tra:..e .-Mid ll-.e pi;-onev w.;s broujl-.t 
for;h and pla>'. d on a wa;,'uij, .».u:routi<V 
ed by ». stiq:i^' j-'i'i''^ '-J''!'^ leader now 
comnii.nded the commit tee to f.iU intt) 
lineaTd face about in the <lir. ::tio!i of 
Andre.'.-, wJiere bu dne-s lequir* d their 
pi-ese(.-e. 

The c-ommitf ee tir»w' set oif at .i }jood 
paep. ^ iiijr reiuf'^rced as ih.ey j'^ni'iM\v»>d 
ufitil r .^y an ived at their de.-:' in.iTion , 
H'-re t.\ y lo^l ih» tim<:- but qui hly pe.t 
the n'.j.-e ovt.r the prisoner's le 'd ..?id 
piM-.- d as they <lid in the Cl.-dtoid 
case. 1 w;;s lei' ati eye \\ itn. ««-» to ll^e 
abov • • ,i' 'd i.v ts. bill ^'of my itilojnia- 
f 1 om .'. nb; M e I lob.ois. wl)0 aee")m|Nmi- d 
the cNj di; »on ejid who Wfs ;uj eve wit 
n- - irom b-'idnoin;: lo <eut 1 ;:')t the 



sfatiMnOMfs Toin Mr. Kolntis.uis own 
lips sliorfly al'un- tlu* occurmiC'- anrl 
l-av t'vory m»->oii to la licvo rlieiti cor- 
rect 

I havo no di-p to ni:ike coin- 

nients eirluT KO'icl i-r b id, but leave tlio 
reatlor l'» jntlv't! tor hiin<o!t. But one 
thin^' 1 will I '^^'ill I'li.ioavor to .-l ovv 
tl)^- people of [owa aud olsewh.'re. that- 
this connnirtec was Jior f'otupo.-^'d of tiie 
iMu^r. s aud ton;'hs of th-^ cDuununity in 
which it was formed, bat of the veiy 
best material at eoiuuKUid. To say that 
tliere were no toui.'hs in tlio coinnumity 
would bo denyi/if! the tnii h Too many 
for the pnl'lie weal. Aud it was to fret 
rid of tlieni thai these committer s w 
formed. }^o< t)ii< i-^ not the int^n-jireta- 
tiort that W IS ))laced on t!iO so calle-d 
mob. One mi^'ht go in almo:st aay direc- 
tion outride of .Taek.ion county and 
sojiio inside an(' hear tin.' comrnitT» t de- 
nonuoed as cut ihroa-s and rheives, and 
the farther, tl;e more odious was the 
brand, and in faet the braud is not en- 
tirely oblitiiMted yet. 

If is not vi-ry many years tlnit the 
wrif'T stitYL-d over ni;:}\t in a hot* 1 in 
Dubiujuc wht re a jiDorlly number of 
quests. aniOMU'ihem a man frrjiu l^es 
Moines and .uiotle'r from tlie oei^tibor- 
hood fit Andrew , bolli of tlnm slran<:t is 
to aie, anil I ditl not 1. ai n tlwir names, 
bu' th' y iMHi 1. d into .•onversalioi; and 
talked in ii soi l *•[ a vuMrini- way (or a 
whihi. 'J In- Amhe-w nian (iiiallv said 
sotnethim: thai !)r(nul'it Jack'^on ei.unty 
to view and le ie the ])«>• MoiiM sman 
(iuickl>' replied, ws, yr.-;, I hav<- li ard 
of that phiec, Ilia' i> one of tin- dark 
plfvces of earili. Thi-r*- i>, wh- r- tie' 
l>"!i« v»n' w-ir v. a- inaui,'uratt'd and rs 
th'- l>la ••, w h'-ic \cai - aio r,.a M-t ot <ail- 
Ihrnai-; Inni).; two mm ^n uni irei ^'es. 
.lai.k .iin ronni y n>n^l a tou^'li phut, 
Ihith.relhe An<lre\\ man spn]cr and 
said, 1 livi- ;\hiuit inid Aay bt t wce-Ji 
1)( ll' vd" and th" phin- h. v<- thi 
il;mi e ciiMiUii;)* 1', or 'ui -t hi o,-, I •; n - >('ii 
< lia ni. had I hi ir h« .tdpim . 1 1 r i lia\ i 



a better opinion (h«-m tlv.iJi ru\i sveei 
to h.avf. It was that, committee that 
rid onr county oi the toUL'iis tl:at \ ou 
think composed tlie conimitt^/e. T.^iey 
have dune us a '^rcat deal of ;:ood, ;in'l 
they were a dread and terror to evil 
doers as lon*^ as the orf;ani'/ation wa.s in 
e.Kisfence In fact it. so cleaned out fh(' 
cotuiferfeiters. hoise tlieives ami would 
be murdi*rers, that the commit t-.e broivO - 
up for want of business 

I uiipht follow this nanative down to 
more recent date, but will conclude by 
saying that tiie cojnniittee at Kinelinc 
wtTC never called out for want of occns- 
sion. In (Ids p;iit of the couutry the 
n.arked sa>peet, all siiddenly di-a});.' at« d 
and nobody ku'-w from w henct- riu:y 
came or where they w eiw and inn e nev- 
er been heiird from >ince so tar as the 
writfjr knoxs s. 

L(;t uie he-re relate one nujrt; ineidenr. 
ir. was a few dav.s after the Knuiine 
comrnittee had orirar.r/.cd, and the lian. - 
iug of Uo;.;ers and Grill'ord still frr h on 
the mii:d.< ot th'^ jieople far and near 
(for the news sjjread like wild-fire) and 
it was at a sto) e in th«' town e-f l^r.u- 
mouth, that a f:or~d1y numb.r i- of custom- 
ers wi-re colleete 1, M)me f)n lai-ine>v arid 
some loafing. Ann'mg ih.Mii was a nuin 
fro^i till; vieii.>ity of Millruek, who v,;i-a 
s\i<p'^ct. in fact Iv.was hno-.vn to li r.l in 
connterfeit moie-;. , and v. a> al^o b»-li'*vvd 
to harbor and a>-.si> t hor.-e ihirvi s. 

And\".hi]e the P.arger and Grin'M't 
c.iSt'S weri"' umh r dis' i'>sioii , some ri;- 
provinC and soi.n*- driiouiu ir);:, tie' af..r-.- 
^aid su^p'- -t. wh..-" nati;!- I hav.- f.n-i.f. 
tf-n. pi[>' (1 in and aid : ^ '-s, I lifard f»f 
the rut iliroaiN i.r li>,ij lli!!>. ■,\n<\ I a!-o 
he.'iid t hat a siuiiiar f'.ir.;: had hern ov- 
fiai)i/<'d at I'.mehm-. and that it is d m- 
rous Fur a strvni.'-r to in:it way. 
Here K'V. 1>1<I .'i l<-y, who wu-^ ;:No 
ill the .sto: I', \\]> to now unobs'TV^d by 
l!ie su-p' ' 1 , 1 ilie^ to t hr fi nnl and 
.s.|ii.in d him-' li a 111 Was v. teit w I., n 
).-• ptrav h<'d, and .-a'.ti to ii.an. -A um 
liA.a huW said Uioii/il, V.e air u<.\ a'". 



cat tlironi!^. Of rlu^lii'^t i'onnnif tre you 
spoko, I li-ivo flic honor of b'-iu^' irs 
c-.h.iiriMJUi. iwid I oan a^-^an-. you that for 
all well bcliaved aud wvU dispo.^ d 
plethore is no :hniKta- wii.iti-vtr. rhcy 
may go and comr as rhcy ph'aM\ Yos, 
I have hcdi-d of yon b^fort', and tor you 
it wouhl bt' dHnu'crou^, very (I.m^'. roas. 
Our constifutioij i)rovidf< tcu-and inak.-s 
every membf'r a d<.'r<.' 'riv.-. And it 
^s'oukl be woll for everj, b.Kiy f" ii< quaint 
dicnjselvcs with somo of Uk- iichta- pro- 
risiou3. The sob; nurpu-c of ttur coni- 
nitteu is to ri<l the c-ninunnity of evib 
ioers, and wc will nof b.- confentt d un- 
il every niur.K'n-j-. (•ouni<')f».-itrr aud 
\or8(' tlu'if has bc< n disposer! of." 

This little spi'.'ch bvop.trlit fb)\vn the 
lOiisc, and the proprit inr iinnirdiately 
)rdcred liivije chf-ors for IT/n-l*^ i^hlad, as 
le was fannlilarly talkfl. Tlie. idiv^ers 
vere pivcu with a vfus/rncf, ami the 
nspcct was already leaviiii,' m llie di- 
ectiou of Miliroek, and soon afu-rward 
lisapi>car».d wiih.out tilling,' aiiyliody 
vbere hf was going. Some say rliat 
vith others were, ufifr a lon;^' wliih- lo- 
(ited ill California 

Lkvi WA(;oNi:ii 

I. Cooley of .Ma((uokota, a pi'o.'io'.T of 
'ackson county, \s lio raiiie to l(»wa in 
>Sll, broaj;hi loih.' irdivouiati hj.^tUule 
iceently a I'ax iiaekle ih.it is luvue 
ihun l(H>y( [U's old, aud a tar buekei. fli it 
Us father brought to Ic^wa. It was .Mr. 
!. Cooley that di-,c(;veit fl the ei-iiiiter- 
;eitor.s' cave. t>ii Pin.- Knn in lii uidon 
iWUFliip, in IN'-'i > r Mr C'ooN y le- 

idls the tradiihin of the .strauL'O dir.ap- 
iearaiiec of a man wlio livd at fie: four 
orJicr;;, mow kr.nwnas l.nieline. in ]->)'> 
I )jiaii liy thi: h iiM" o{ T;i .!.'r livitlar 
ll<.' fOni'Ts ;Mid a niai! s\ hi.^'- ii,.iii'.; he 
lUllJO! now ri c.dl, citee iht re .ilid l<h)U 
\i ti claim, whieh i> l-iKe.vn as the 
Iwiii;.: ( J UiiH I e pi II f, ,'iiid l)(ian!i.i with 
10 'i'a> !(.r fa'nil V >\ liili in..ki'i\' pM p'v 
di^'iis Id buihi a cabin on liis el;iim. 
ill! rol oaf lo;' . fi>r hi.^ e.'d in and in vji 



od the neighbors to come on u certain 
day to help him raise his house. Tlie 
.nrigldh"n>j caino at the appoiiH-«-d time, 
but the man did not show up nud wa.s 
never seen iu the l<-)eality a^raiu. The 
iieighborfi believed tliat lie was mur- 
dered by the ])t'Opie with wliotn he 
boarded, for tjie tnoney he was supposed 
to have. 



Anson II. Wilson, tlie last of tbe old 
l^oneers who came to Mapuoketa V:il- 
ley as n man in the thirties, si-nt me the 
following names of old friends and 
neif-hi>c)rs of his who wi-re born in ISl'k 
-J. W. Kllis. 

William (Juudill who dit-d the "JSth of 
March wa.s b')r!' in ISJ'i. also \hr. fol- 
loaii.g: A. II. 'Wilsou, Eleaser Mann, 
Lewis Woc'd, Daniel b'tepliens, Lym.m 
Hales. R IN rham, S f>. Lyman, .S. L. 
laldy. Vnsburg, Mis. Diinl.-.i). Mis. 

N. HatUeld, and .\:i.s. IL Mallard. Of 
the thirteen named, but three are left, 
viz., A. II. Wilsitu Jjewis wfM>d, and 
l.kiniel Ste-))hens. 



Life of ("oi. J. ^^ oods. 

Mn. Editor: liy the favor of Mr. 
Oiear 1j Woods of CV w t go. Ka';ias, I 
have ob;a:n( (1 t le- lo.m of a miuu;ei ipt 
.>ket':h e^ [\- iile of C.'o!. Je>M '.!) .bvl-;- 
son WoavU, who wi nt fro.u \', ao^u-'K- i.i 
in l^i'l, .v.v Coloc.' 1 \)[ (he Uih. Li.v.i 
Infantry. It eoMr,.in-. muiy inei«lv-nf 
of tho i.'-.ilHary e^iritrof tiiat (ii>lir.- 
guish..d (i.Mn-er in In-.serviet; m ib.e ri gu- 
lar army ait. r gradnation from We-l 
Poinii'hal he.vc nev* r been pnrdi.-^lie^i, 
and, in l.iiaH o: ih«' ,la<-!;,-.on l.^ouiiiy 
Hisforieal Sv<e.i' ^y. I wojld tU'jr. foie 
u^k ynu to give it ]))a" e in your C')l'uiin-. 

H AKVf.V 11 I f II. 

Col. ,lo>rpli Jaek^on \Ve*cds wa.-: borti 
January II, 1-.?;, on a f irm in UroNsn 
( oun'y, <;l;io. Hi., aia.a stors * am«: fro'u 
1 relau'l bal v. (.re not of i!ie hifh race.. 
S.)me of t '-e-m w i re in Londonderry dm - 
in;: the buiions sl'-gi of thai v! iC" ! » 

Ihs giarrhaM.'r, .las. Woo:-, 
(lou" to Ameiiea in llM.iinl »«ttl''1 
I'' i\n \ Iv.e.i'.v. V hi i< \\,<- l.ilhei «' " 



subjfc-l of this t^kctoh, S.iuiiurl Woods, 
was bom ill the samu yiar, 177:1 Jas. 
Woods Wiis: oii|:af:t;d duriuj; a parr of 
the RevoliUioji in luiiiirhiu}: suiiplii-s to 
the army. 

The inofhiT of Joseph J. AVoods \vas 
boru in Iii huid iu \1S~j, auil canif to 
America ui th*.; af,'e of <> ol* 7 years; l)or 
maiden uaaic was Kirche.y. Joseph v/as 
the youD^'e.st son that arrived at mature 
ai^ie of a uumerous family; hiij father 
beiiit; at the time of his biuli fifty years 
old and having; be(;ii iti hi-^ prinu;. a man 
of more than avera^/c ability auion},' ilie 
fiirtuing clas;, to whieii he bclouKi d, but 
while Jo uph was yt-t youiij^ his farhcr 
beeamc a phyt-ical, huaucial aiifl mental 
wreck, so that at the a;:c of 1(> years, 
Joseph was tliruvvn upon tlie world to 
succeed by his own resources. 

lie weni with an older iTorher, John, 
just then marrii-d, to Ruth county, lud,, 
wliere they .setllud in a drU'-c for>^st. Ho 
remaiucu in Indiana two years and tin n 
returned to Ohio and lived wilii rela- 
tivi'S until he was fourteen years old 
when lit' was apprenticed to Joseph 
Parish (laie private secretary to l*resi- 
dent (jrant, to si[,Mi land patents) in 
Felicity, Clenuenl e(junty, Oliio, to 
learn the saddler's trade. 

In Ki< early boyh;.";l, while .-,eb'.ol, 
which V. as but a small jKirt of (lie time, 
he beamed JMpidly bein;: m mhance of 
Other children o! his ai;.;. lie never at- 
tended the. public school a I ter his thir- 
teenth year. 

Heseived live years apjir^nt ieeship 
with Mr. Parish, worlciri^' for his board 
and clofhiuf!;, and bi't-anio vuy ])rojLfient 
in the trarle.^VorklIl;; in thu winter sca- 
Bon until !) o'elu(.:k p. ni. l;\-e ni-bts of 
the wtN '( Ik; had but liith: (iiue for men- 
tal culture, but, fi)riiiri;'i( ly, In.; cnudii, 
Dr. Alli.u \\'oi;iis, al'ouf tiii.; liiao mar- 
ried a Meis,Whi[ii)le, of Vermont , a lady 
of lillr enUai,;, u!io, h^eninilM; iMtviHSt- 

ed iu vouiif^' Wo')>l.> i-iopo. ( fi i(. ).r(;o;im 
his ].! i\ alt; tutoL'. l. nd. :; this arraii;'! - 
i'"'"t, by iuipiDvin;; evt:j-y spare nm- 



uient, ]w complt leu a cour.-f of aritLiiia- 
lic. Eu«,'!ish ^'ramuiur, treoj^rapuy .lud 
obtaiju-fi a lair knowled^^e ot history 
from K«»)Ks kindly loaned frtuii the li- 
brary of Dr. J. M Woods. At the tx- 
piratiou ot bis apjtren riceship the Rev. 
Mr. Irvine, Pi e>!\\ (I'nan minister ami 
j^rarluate ol Oiuo Mute Unl^er^ily in- 
formed youn^ VVood.-^ that as he v.. is 
about to review his Latiu and Greek, 
stu-lie-s, he, would wilnn^dy take a pu- 
pil and i^'ive instructions in tuu-e 
brancni\s free <n eli.ir^e, as a more tliui- 
oaur h UiCfliDd o malcin;.; hrs review Uu- 
der tb»s arrant^t iuf t youii;^ Woods ))ur- 
SLieil lii.- .-rwdte.; x veil m-i.itl;s, woriau-; 
morina^'ft and eveaiiif^.-? in the saddler's 
shop to puv hi.^ b^iarvl. 

The lir.^i Mi;tluu:i--i coll- ^'C r^uildi-^hed 
in America was Ik ati d at .Vn u.'>ia,Ky , 
seven udles fiom i\ liciiy, tJiuo. Ii ^^ as 
under it\e joint pat i dna^'C oi i lu- (.)hio 
and Kenrurky eon irrcta e of ilie M. K 
church, rucii conl- r< nce bein^; entitlcil 
tokeer>;H tiie colb v.'i^ a c<'rtain number 
of i^tui.le<iis fri e of luiriun, t/je.--e to tje 
selecttrd by the t)residin^ elders of tin* 
various di>tri(.-.ts fiom worthy \oun;: 
ne-n of limited means. 

The ]^:v. W. N Rop. r. JVe.Mdiu:: Rb 
der of llr' Dist., ^-'ave youn;^ Wnoo-. the 
ai.p.iini' 'Mit and he entered the I'rL-):- 
m.m C:;. :'.in thai in.- titution the -ame 
y.-ar. Al.hon;--!) fr(" tuition was provivltd 
hi- feu-a ': it diili-ailt to i)ro\ ide ]\n- bo.iV'l, 
elotldojT and books, ther.foie. l..y ad- 
vice of l):. W"u,!s he aiu.)lied for an .iji- 
])ointi»)f nt to I.'. S .Military Acad' n.v 
at W< ;t i'oint ro t.i]ve fliC place ol 1" .S 
( ;r.ud wi^a v.oeld ^'lafiuafe tin* folluw- 
iii;r .lull' . His. ptin'dpal recommend, v- 
tion.-> V,. 'c from Hnu Aloi./a Rnowl. ^. 
the 1'.. lin;: D m u r itic poliii- ian 
i '. licit'.-, < ) , aiid .b.'-^ . Pv (a-iiut, Wl.ir. 
tlieno: 1.' ih( ',<». 'Jia. rv.' \v< ie sev»ia'. 
comp' ateis lur t!a appomfmem and 
Dr l;-;.!), .M.-mbi-r ot » unKi* >s, tK - 
( Ine n To neit.f a h 'tien but .-•fit lb- 
),,;|. I to I War I )- parimc ni win 
t n" a; ;k/i:.! na tjt v .i'. ^;i\ iH lo Wr <\ ^ 
and u - ( i:f« n-d ih' .\ead.-my Ui .le e . 
iNi:;. 



S^VPiify-five \ver»^ a|>|><^i«U«r'fl to this 
class; thirty-(M{,'ht ^^riidnurid in ii iu 
1S-J7, WrviKl.s st.iJMlinjr No. 3 in \n> rltis.s. 
During the last Ten r .'itWfst Point hf^ 
was Assistant Profo.ssnr as \v»Ml as stu- 

' dcut. Jul}* 1, lS-17 ho loci^iv- d his np- 
pointnuMit as 2nd Lieut., in Kst., fU'gt. 

, U. S. Artillery. (Ai 

The war with Mexico was at its 
height and ho wa.-? ordered to New York 
Harbor to drill and or:,-aiii/e recrnits lor 
the war, Nsiiero he remained until Oct, 
10th., whcnout of these recruit.^ Go's. 
L and M , 1st Art. wore or;;anized aiid 
Lieut. Woods vra.s i ordered to proceed 
with said ciiUipruiies to Vera Cruz, Mex- 
ico, nud tlioro join nis company, C, to 
which he liad been as<iKti« tl. iu North- 
ern Mexico. 

TJie command sailed from New York, 
Oct. 10, on tlie ship ••Empire". The 
weatl\er was boisterous and after four 
days of invisible sun the ship ran upon 
a coral reef— f-ntirely covered by water- 
breaking a large liole in the vessel, 
when she settled down and broke in 
two. They were by Captain's reekon- 
ing, fifty inilfs from shoie, but, upon 

. its partially clearing olT, they perceived 
a small uriicjhabitcd island called Fowl 
Key about 3^ un'Io distant and day- 
ligld brought to view Abaco, the larg- 
Oat of the P>.\l»uma gr(>up, at u di>r;uico 
of ulx>ut five miltvs. Wiccl er< came to 
the n^-.sistaijce of tlie s^.ip and a))ont 10 
o'clock a. m , they luiuled the soldiers 
on Fowl K»\v wl'.ere they remain.-d ono 
week. Vessels werij then pio'-uK-d to 
take a part of the coinnn\nd to Charles- 
ton, S. 0. The bahmr-.e with Lient. 
^\'oods was taken to Nassau, New Prov- 
idence, siin-.e"'fanious as the rvinh /vous 
for l:'!b'>l cniisvrs. l\'M;i;iiMiii;; l.'':re n 
nays he then, in loi:i|»:iii\ v.iih Lu iU 
Morris, sailed U)v Cli.irl. ston whcio 
they remained at 1<"(. .Miuilrri.' tmtil 
Dec, 2.3, iS'17, when ih';- ii-;ni\ sail.'d 
for Vera Cru/ in >hii-. ••Kt ijuhli'-*' s 'Ul 
Out from New "^'oik tor that pni-po^e.f J") 
On Jan. 1, l^ls, a.i they v. i.re etittring 



the ;>ort of Vera Cruz, a t»'rribh« 
*^'Nort her" struck the vessel carrying 
thrm out to sea They finally lanrled 
Jau. 5th and found that a majority nf 
theregiiueut to which th^ comjnund 
wns assigned was on u'arrisuQ dury in 
the city, but C<^. C, ro which Livut. 
Vroods had been assiuMu>d was io north- 
ern Mexico. Woods was ihenifove 
transferred ro Ct). M., and assigned to 
dury with tlu* regi-ofMit at Vera Cruz. 
In May'htt had yellow fever -..ud was 
very sick. About Augusr 1, 18-18, peace 
having been declared, Vera Cruz was 
cvacr.ated and our troops imnK-diately 
euibarked tor New Y«>rk, companies L. 
and VI taking pa<sa<:e upon the screw 
propplb >v M a s <:nc h n se f t s . 

In Oct. IS-lS, Woods was promot^nl to 
1st. Li*fut., aud N«)v. 10, IS IS, eml arked 
ou board the. Massacimsetts wirh com- 
l)anies L. and M for Oregon to quell 
disturbances recently arisi n there, i . 
which Dr. Whitoian and a numbi r of 
itii.ssiojjari»'S had b"en murdiu» jl. (C) 

The cxpt'dirion was under the com- 
uuiud of I^n vec Major Hathevvay, and 
Lu^ut. Woods was its quarter-mast 
and commi.-sary. Th'.'se were rh»' first 
U. S. trotips ever in Oregon. On the 
pa=^ago about Jan. 1st., the ship put in- 
to p-)rt at Rio Ja!J»-iro, lirazil and re- 
mained several day^ giving the ollictTS 
an opportuniry of iuspectliig the. city. 
Iiuneiial gardeus, where ull trop.- al 
fruits were growii\u', the founderies ui»d 
other places of interest. Jjieu WnrYfls 
was taken through the convent of the 
.Mouks of St. Rernardine aud w as pres- 
enr ut the Impt'rial Chapel wlu-n tlt»> 
FmiJ-^ror and l'im|,iv.- i \iartook of Mivl- 
ni^'ht Ma-s the goin:; out of yi ar 

Sailii.g from K'..> .laix'iro th- y p»->. d 
ji'Mf th.; Falkland lvl.iiid.>, atul rntu'r'l 
the Strait of Mngcllan, with Pat.i::.>i;ia 
OK the right a/tfl Ter ra ]^c\ Fu- ;,'(»on f«;n 
1< ft. and v.-cre oDi* w • <'k in the .^traits 
."•ailing ordy by rl iyli,;ht and «uch 
ta'.'.'.'i s ns would in vn - good harbois by 
ni;:!it. Tl'.ere n^vI'.. Iworonvici si Iti"- 



meuti oil t)u; srrMit Jiiul some Inu atis 
Tho oniccr.s t'lijoycd tr('(iuear- ramltk'.s 
oil shore. At Valparaisn, rhili, tluy 
were sli'^NVii spt'ci:at:ius of u^old rceeutly 
taken from newlj- dUfovend gold mines 
iu Caliioniia. 

The lu xt point made was tlic Sand- 
wicbj Island:*, where they arrived 
iu 52 days and remained S days. 
They were constantly JVied hy the kiug 
as rheirs was the. tlrsr ^ll•amer evt-r seen 
by him. The ollieers fiave rhc Idug and 
quecu au oxcur.-iou on board the sream- ^ 
cr accompanied by Ihc royal reriuue. 
The expedition readied theniuurh of the 
Colmnbia river May 9. l>ill»— .-ix months 
our of New York and iiaviiig sailed 
000 nules--rhey prooooded up the river 
niuety miles to Fort Vaucouyer, tho 
heiiriqnarrers of the Hudson 33a3' Co., 
bituated on the uoi th banV; of the Co- 
lumbia river — what is now ^Va^hiU|^ton 
Terr. Here Co. L., to which Woods 
LOW beloiif;ed,, lauded and Co. M., Wius 
orrtorcd to I'ujiet Sound. 

In the spring of IS.'^O, Liont. Woods 
with Co L.. was removed to Astoria 
near tln^ mouth of tho river and from 
this point Lien. Woods with t^vo white 
nieu and two Indians attcnipcd to find 
a pracricablo wagon ro»id from Ai-toria 
to the plains across ibo coast range, of 
mountains. They found the ta-k n»orc 
difiicali than was anticipated and tho 
pi'.rly canie near starving to death, liv- 
ing for some time, on such provisions as 
they could 11 nd in ilic woods upon the 
mountains. 

At anotlu r time Lieut Woods went in 
a row-boar with the. colleelor of the post 
of x\storia and a detail of m.-n in the. 
evening to .seize a ship lor violating tho 
veVfUDM laws. They ran alongside the 
fihi)) iis she lay at aiu-hor near tin; juoiirh 
of the river. Tlu' eoILftor tried to clinib 
the ladder hanj-'ing over tho hide l)ul 
failed, when liieut. Wouds tuid one rnati 
mounted the laddiMs ai.d reuchcd the 
deck when the rctpes were cut by the 
ships crew, the ladder i'ell into the col- 



lectors boat and he i>nlled for ♦»i\m\>* leav 
ing the Lieut, on b>i»iTd but cnlling back 
to him thai he wouhl come for him in 
the morning *•:.*•. 

The ship hoisted anchor and im^iiaitirte- 
ly put to sea. The collector procuired a 
pilot boat armed with a caun.oit and 
gave chase, but after a few lioui;? pur- 
suit and tiring a few shots, the.; pilot 
bo.it gave up the cha^e. After a tedious 
run the ship put into a recently discov- 
ered bay in the northern part of Cali- 
fornia, called Humboldt liay, where 
several vessels were loading' with.timt>tr 
for Ban ]''ranci.-co. On on«' of tliesc tho 
the Lieutenant si'cureil ])assage to 
San Fraucisco and from there he se- 
cured passage to Astoria where he ar- 
rived after an involuntary absence of 
six weeks. . 

In April IS^l, liieut. Woods was or- 
dered .with a detarclunent of men to 
tho Dalles of tlio Columbia,- ffist of the 
Cascade Range, where iti the heart of the 
Indian country he conimamled a small 
])0.^t for eighteeu months, tho only mil- 
itary post at the time and he the only 
commiFsioned oflicer bfti ween the Cas- 
cade mountains and Fi^.^.Lurramie. 

In September l>j.j2, ivf^.-.TotunK-d to Ft. 
Vancouver, which Ju\d-.now .bi;con\e a 
laige post and headqi^uters for tho 4tli 
U. S. Infantry, an<l-aj - which' place Wa-* 
then stationed severi\i men since. fauipus 
in history, among them U. S. 'Crrauti., 

. In February ISoi'), Lie.ut. WV-oiH re- 
ceived ordi-rs to report to the. .sn.M'-'i i"- 
teudcnt of the recruiting service a^^C^w 
York City. He haih;d I'. b. l»)tluc.nd 
reached his de.-ti nation via San I'ran- 
cisco and PanaiM.t 

In June 1S."»*1, he. recrived leave of ab- 
set)ee tuid visited Iowa and bouglit l.»nd 
ii» (jlinron and Jackson ( f)unlii'S. «..)'-t. 
Jf), IS.io lu; re-itunetl his commission and 
removed to liis land> in Iowa and in 
Sei)iO;jiV)er )'>•";'». marri«d Miss Iverii 
Haiuht in .Tom s cotoiiy, r«v,va. Hu eii* 
gag« d in f.innif.;.' in .).ll:k^ofl C">ni\«y, 
Iowa, until lb*- K- Inllion broke out. 



when he tcudered his services to tho 
Govoi'iior of Iowa nnd was commissioucd 
Colonel of the I'Jth Iowa Inf. Vol.. Oct. 
98, 1861, and ordon d to take imuiediuto 
charpe of tlio rogimcut then org:aiiiy,in},' 
at Camu Union, Dnbuiiao, Iowa. 

The regiment was mustered intotho* 
U. S. service hy Capt. Washiutjton ]:Uh 
U. S. Int., Nov. 2o, IStll.and on the 2Sth 
of the Siuno month broke camp at Da- 
buque and proceeded by rail to St. Loais, 
Mo., where they arrived ou the 30th arid 
went immediately into camp of instruc- 
tion at Benton Barracks. In January 
1803, the regiment was armed with En- 
field rifles and fully equipped for the 
field." 

January 27, 1S03, Col. Vi'oods received 
orders to report his re^rinient to Gen. 
Grant at Cairo, 111., where they arrived 
Jan. 29, and were immediately ercb-.irk- 
ed on board steamer for SmithJand, Ky., 
at mouth oi" Cutuberlaud river, wli'-rc 
the regiment cstablisVied tlieir first camu 
In the field Jan. 31, 18r.2, ,0n thouiorn- 
iug of Feb. 5, orders were received to 
embark on bofci-d steamer and join ex- 
pedition flttins out for Tennessee Kiver. 

Arriring tilP?,dncha the regiment was 
as.tigntd to Ocok'o Brifyado and to C. F 
Smith's Division and on the moinin^j of 
Fob. 0, landed four uiiles below Ft. 
Henry, and took up a line of uiarcli to 
gain a po.sition in the rear of the fort, 
bat while flouudorin|.r through the mud- 
dy Bwamps and ahjiost impa.saiblo 
■troftms, the f^unboars n»adn the attack, 
drove the enemy from the works and 
captured the lort, nn-^tof thoj^arrl'-.oii cs- 
Cftpinp before tlie inliuitry reached llicir 
po'jition in the rear. 

Fob. 12, the command marched to Ft. 
Donclson and v. ere fonned in line of 
battle, F« b. 1:5, on the extreme left, u lien 
tlicy partiripaled in tlic battles of tho 
IHth, 1 1th ai;d l.'itli nnd foilov/efl tlu) 
3nd Iowa Inf., in th« ir cljarLro upon ilie 
vrorkfl. 

Co!. Woods in his (official report say.s : 
•'AV»out i! o'clock p. m. of tho Joth, (lio 



1-Jth Iowa, 50th 111 , and Hirgv'ss .-xliarp 
shooters were ordered to make a feint 
attack to draw the enemy's fire. TJie 
mt u v.-ent cherrfuUy to the v.xrk nnd 
kept up a warm tire on the enemy while 
Col. Luuman's Brigade on our lefr ad- 
vanced on the enen\y and ^ot poss»^s-iun 
of liis outer works and hoisted tie rcou 
the American flat;, wlieu we were or- 
dered to his support and moved rapidity 
by the l«^fr. flank, ehavped over the fall- 
en timber. wliiltMi ^Mllin.^ fire (tf grape 
from tlie euemy was poarinpiu upon us. 

On renchin/T the brea.s;r works some 
confusion was caused by the reirear of 
a portion of Col. L;in man's Brigade, 
who, liavinti exliausled their an)Ufiitioij. 
werc compelled (O fall back By some 
exertion our me-n were rallied and 
opened u warm fire on tho enemy which 
they returiit-d from a battery on our 
right and musketry in our front. In 
this cro?s fire we fou^jlit the enemy two 
hours, advancintr upon them to a deep 
raviue inside the wo'ks. 

Col. (;ook, who wtLs conimandiutr the 
brigade, in his report makes nitution of 
Col. Woods as deservinj: cointm.nclation 
for his gallant and ellicient service. 

At ni«,dufall the ref^iment was wifli- 
dr^vWn to the outer works of the euein.v, 
when) they remaiued ihrouKh the nigiit. 
Earlj' on tho morninsx of the 10th we 
were formed in line to renew llie battle, 
wh> n a white fluK nppearinj? the sur- 
render WHS announced and thcrcf,'im»int 
mnrched into the fort. With the excep- 
tion of the ^ndlowa fuf., no trfyip> were 
eutitlt d to more cr( dit for the capruie of 
this siroii;Thohl than tho J Jih Iowa Inf , 
and it- bcin;/ their fnv t enpaneJuent th* ir 
Kt'iidiiiess and oc»olne.-,s was lHr»<r«!ly 
due to th' Fe, qurditi^s so prominent J.n<l 
markcfl in their cominandin,'; otiioer The 
repiuient was pivi'ii fiuarters in l<»p bar- 
racks occu])ii(l by rel>els before the sur- 
render, and icmained in tl:i:* camp viu- 
til March 1i, lMi2. 

While III I't. Don.'l.Miu tlio regiment 
was vioit'd by bamucd J. Kirk wood, 



Goveruor t)f LmM. Hiiil upon his return 
to Iowa ho wrore to Col. Woods as fol- 
lows : 

Pes >roin*"s, Iowa, \h\v. '2'i, ISO:?. 

Dt-i'ir Colon.'l Wo'm3s : Please uppnl- 
Ojiiz*} r«i your (iflice^rs and uicu for uot 
culliu^' upon tliom MfiiiiLi before I left 
Douolsoii. Whea ut Geiifrnl Hnrlburt.s 
hearl(j[Uiirrers the. steamhout Cotisetotru 
ca:j\e ilowu and the officer iti conuDiuid 
politely offi red n pasf.i^i** in his bout, 
which he said would leuvo iu t(>rty miu- 
ntes, so we had only time to car 
troops on board. Please explain this 
ami cxprt'is luy re^cret that I could not 
havu spent some, tinn- with voa. 

The Iowa troops made iluM-nsclves iind 
our state a lu'lorioas uavuc. The *^iid 
Iowa had the best cliance for the honors 
of DoneUou but liie 7th, 12tli and l-jth 
did uobly. Dr. Huphs, Surgeon Gener- 
al of Iowa, has a brother in the Brif^ade 
with your regiment. lie says that 
he has just received a letter from 
his brother, who writes that the l'2ih 
I(»wa is n splendid rej^inient and fou . ht 
gallantly at Donelsnu. Plcn.sc write me 
when couyeuii^nt. L^t me advise you to 
care for your health 1 was much pleased 
to see on my visit to your cump that you 
were having it cleaned up lucel3^ Yours 
WAS the only vo{jiun'nt tlua was doin^' 
this. \Viih nainy wishes for your health 
and su»:cess, I am yours truly, 

S^Ml'KL J KiPJiWOOl) 

llcsolutions as fallows were, adopted 
by the lo^nslature of l<)wa 

JOINT Ur.SOLlTION. 

Resolved by the Senate and PIoAise of 
R'^prcscnTatives of th*^ State of Iowa. 
First, That in tlie naine of thr whole 
people of the state, \ve thank tlie lowu 
li'(iftl»-, tor tlM'ir undaiinf(.d brav» ry and 
gallant condu^;! in ?he r«'0< nt (l;;ht at 1' t, 
I)oiielson in which the Post of Honor 
they nobly sii.-it.iiiifd tlu-ir own brilliant 
fiuneund won fi»;^h and unf adiii).'. laurels 
forthestf«te Si-ccmkI, Tliat a CMi)y of 
this r»-solution be forwarded to Ct:lonel 
of cacji of the lov.'a ii j;imi.uis en,;ii};rd 



ill the battle of Ft. Donelsou. 

Rush Clauk, 
Speaker House of Representatives. 

Jonx R. XEEnifAM, 
President of the Sonate 

Approved F.'b J<), 1SG2. 

Samuel J. Kikkwood. 
S:titc of Iowa, ss. 

I, Elijah Sells, Secretary of State, 
hereby certify that the foregoiup; is a 
true copy from the ori^anal enrolled res- 
olution on file iu n\y iitiico. Iu testi- 
mony whereof T have hen-unto set my 
han»i and aOixed the grt^.it seal of the 
State of fowa. IJvine at Des ^doincs 
this 20tli day of Febiuary, 

Elijah Seixs. 
To Col. J.J. Wooixs. , 

March 1?, 18G"2, the command was re- 
organized and the ~^nd, 7th, I2rh and 
14th Iowa Inf., dtfsifrnated as rhe 1st 
Brif^ade, commanded by <.'ol. Tuttle of 
the 2nd Iowa, and assitjned ro Ond Div- 
ision, commandc'd by Gen. CP. Smith. 

Leaving Ft. Douelson the Division 
marched to Metal L inding on Tennti^ce 
River and euibarlced on steau\er for 
Pirtsburgh LandiOfT. where they esTab- 
li.^hed camp .March '21, ISGO, oji the cj:- 
treme right of Union line, near the riv- 
er bclov,' the laading. 

Early on the jmuning of April G, Co\. 
Woods formed his regiment, on the pa- 
rade ground and .soon after, under rhe 
direction of Brigade comuuindvr, >novt d 
to a position as.^l;c»ied to him in line of 
battle, occupying rh^i left center of Tut- 
tle's Brigade, tormiug the cxtrenio l'^»'r 
of W. IT. L. Wallacti's Division, 1 :ih 
Iowa, n-xt the left of ICth Iowa, form -i 
the extn.'sne lefr ot! its Division and rent- 
ed on the tnain roa I from the landitif; 
to Ooriiirh. 

The l\'lh lowu was formed just brhind 
the brov/ of a slight ridge, an 0]»en lii Id 
in front of its righl , a ihiek und-Tgrox.M !i 
in front (>f its h li ; it) this p-u.-^ilion the 
troops wenj rtjvi' wivi l)y (Uncrral (liant, 
ab'Mit o'<'h.ek a. m , nufl w« re din« t- 
cd by him to hold the po.^ ilionr.l all h.i-.- 



irds, auf^ i'^ i^^^^ t^xo )sv»fl position, across 
heOoriurli ro.i<i, rli-' It-fi Bri^^Mfk'Ot" W. 
:l L. Wallace's Division, and righr of 
'rcatlss' I3ivi<ioii did sustaiu itself, 
lotouoo boiti;j: moved rrjui irs posit ion, 
dthon^h repeatedly chai^'ed by the 
iuemy, until abiat 5 :oO o'clock o m 
Ch'i ptirsi>tent, d'.?sp'.'vate ti^hciiit; d )ae 
)f these troops a' tliis hoy of ihe p osition, 
lolftyed the whole R.'b.-l avuiy an I 
lavcd the Federal army fr.)ni being driv- 
miutotbe Tenuesseo lliver All the 
jroiniuent Coufederate otlicers mentiou 
■ho li;;litin^' lit this place. Gen Ru;r^4es 
joinmandinK a Divif.iou of }'.ra^i:'s stviwy 
iays, "1 ordered my statV oilicers to 
jriuj; -forsvaid all the field guns that 
jould bo folleQted from the left, \vhich 
resulted in the couceDrration of teu bat- 
tericij aud one section as follows :(enu!u- 
jrates them), coaceutrurini; their tire 
juflhuliug Prentiss' Divi.sion on ricjht 
lauk, at this moment the 2nd ljrii,'ade 
aud tlu! Oresent regiment pressed for- 
ward aud cut off a considerable number 
f)f tho euomy consisting of Preatiss' Div- 
'Isiou, who were surreudered to the Cres- 
eut regiment." 

Gen. L. Polk, coninniuding army 
corps says: ** About 5 o'clock p. m , my 
lino attacked the- tncniy's troops- tlio 
ilast that were left on iho fudd. — Tho at- 
tack was made in front and think. TJie 
nsistancc was sharp and proved to be 
!the coLuJnands Generals Prentiss and 
W. H. L. V/allace. Tlie latter was 
killed by tin* trooijs of General BruKf,', 
who was pressing him at same lime on 
his right." 

I Col. Tload, 17th La. Vols., says, "Pm:- 
Itwbenoneaud two o'oloc!: on Sund-ay 
we had carried all the onomy's canij)S 
excc[it Prentiss' A l lhi^ )>rjiji, tJie f-n.;- 
ruy uuide a di tcrniui.'d stanrl ajid for 
two hours success at that point" sc^-nu'd 
floublfui. 1 was ordered b^ GtJi. liiig- 
KI^'.-J to immediately biiii},* up all the ar- 
Hillcry and coneentr.it': it u])f))i tiii.i 
point. AFsisted by this artilli-ry tiro lim 
infiuitry su<:e( (.d''d in c.ii ryin^' rhr> po 



sition and captuiinu General Prt-jiii-s 
and about men " 

General Gibbons, comnumding J3ri 
pad.', admits that his Brigade was rc- 
puls^•d four ditr^reut times and becan-e 
he felt .sensitive over the matre.r of ofli- 
cial rtpf»rts asktdacouir of intju.ry. 
Several other otlieers admit thoim-pulr-e 
and the complete <lemoral;:'.ation of 
their forces at this jioint and so great 
was tht> slaughter of tho enemy tliat 
they gave to that point of the lino im- 
mediately in front of the Pifh, !-lth and 
8th Iowa the title or natno of "Hornet's 
Xost." 

At alK)at 5 roO o'clock p. m , Gen. Wal- 
lace haviuy been mortally woujidc:d, 
Gen. Tuttle succeeded to r!ie command 
of th - Div. M.cChnuard's ( ?j division on 
our riprht and Hurlbuts on the l*.'ft hav- 
ing fallen back to a new position nciir 
the river, Tuttle gave orders for his di- 
vision to fall back and the^ order was 
communicated to all tiie regiments ex- 
cept the 12th and Uth Iowa and th^y 
were safely conduetcd to the rear, but 
the aid' sent to these regiments was 
killed before roachinc them. Gen. Tut- 
tle claims, and they wcro left fighting 
the enemy in front until the enemy 
ru-hing around their fl ink— left exposed 
by withdrawal of balance of diviNiou - 
formed in the rear Having just re- 
pulsed a desperate charge in front, ilitr 
regiment was startled l»y t!ie order uiv< n 
by Ool. Woods with no more excit»'me:a 
tlian wh;.'n on p:irade, "TweUth Iowa; 
about face; commence firing" v h» n 
they beheld a full and perfect line of 
grey formed i!i their rear Delivering 
a few voUits into tho face of this 
new enemy whitdi broke their rank>, a 
ch:i.rj:e Wiis ord'^rcd. 

Ool. Woods at thM head of the 
luejit tincc'oded in cutting his vuy 
througli the first line of the en' uiV and 
iirrivrd in cmuj) of lird fowa, ne.»r (•« n. 
nurllairi's lu adquio lei H wlien rlicy » n- 
countered juioil - r line nf ih>- i n« jMy 
drawn up in radi r arioss t le^ lin^: «>i i- • 



10 



ire-it, TTere, heiumeil in bv a porfrct 
w'ixW lire, Col. Woods was twice 
wouMflcd in quick succo.-.-siou uud di>:- 
mounft'd 

(^.'oiiiinaiid of rf»p:iiiipnt then devolved 
DDOti Oiipt. Kd^jerron, wlio, findiu^Mt 
impossible ro cur his nv;iv cat, surreud- 
ered the reinnaiir of rho reguncnt pris- 
ouoi-s of WAV. Ar the same tinio thevo 
was surrendered thn Mrh Iowa of ^Y^d- 
lace's Division, :!nd- nif Srli lo'.va and 
oSth Illinois of Prentiss' division ; in ;dl 
about 2 000. Geu. Pivrxriss. present at 
the time and taken prisoner with tlve' 
rest, speaks in tho highest terms of tlic 
couauni of Col. Woods and his regiment 
ill the fii-'ld and says that to rho persi.^t- 
eiit li,Thti»{T of thef-e four re^riments, 
holding their g'-ounds against such fear- 
ful Oflds is due the failure of Beauregard 
to drive our forces into the Tennessee 
River. 

Geii. Turtle in his oluci.'il report says: 
•*0u tlie morning of the Gtli I prticecded 
with my brigade, con>isting of the ~nd, 
7th, J:?lh and 1-Jth Iowa I'lf., under di. 
Tftoti'm of W. H I^WrdUiceand formed 
line on .rxtremo left of his di- 
vision. Wo had becu in line but a f«'\v mo- 
ments when the enemy made liisappear- 
ftuci-and ariackcd my )( i t wiiig.lvrh ai.d 
Mill Iowa, who illuutly siockI tln ir 
Kround and compelled tlio ass.iihmts to 
rotire in confusion Tiu-y again formed 
under Cvjver of a liatt. ry and renewed 
the attack upon my whok' line but were 
repulseil as boforv. A third and fourrli 
time tlioy dashed upon ui but wore each 
tiino bii Tiled asul compleU'ly routed. We 
liold our p'/sirion about -i:v hours, when 
it became evident that the f(j)Cvs on ea'--h 
side of us had given aw:;y, so as to givr 
thu tacitiy an oi>potliinjty of tiuMing 
; bnlh of our llanl.s. Ai I his critical mo- 
Jiiont Cien. Walhico ruvf order.s for my 
brigade to ret h e which wa.s dono in 
KUf.Kl order. Tiio L'nd and Vlh j-» tired 
tin'ough a .'■evrr<: fitnn Ix.tii ll.uiks, 
v^hilo the l-.Mli and 1 who were »h-- 
liiy'jd by llu'ir endt nvor to have a flat- 



tery, were oompb't'dy surrounded aiii. 
were compe'lh'd ro surrender. Col. 
Wo )ds of tht^ rJrh Iowa particularly 
distiuu'uisli^d hnus'^U'. was twice wound- 
ed and when rhe eur-uiy wasdrivcu back 
on Monday Iw wii.s caprured " 

Col Woods lay upnu tlie field wounded 
ainl was assaulred by voiuu Tfxas troops 
with ♦•videut dt'si>^u of taking hi< life. - 
i)ur jusr ar that moment he was recog- 
nizf'd by C^en. K trdoe, wi'h whom ho 
had 'ween acqnainr. d at West Point. who 
• gave him a special guanl a)id a permit 
to Woods' orderly to r»MiKiin with him. 
SiNi'i after the surrender our gunbo.its 
c unineneed Throwinir shells into that vi- 
cinity «lri»-inti all rho rebel ;ro:)ps from 
tli»'fieM. None of thti wounderl v/ere 
removed or cart-d for but, lay uui)n the 
licld expo-ed ro our shells and a severe 
rain storm all niLfhr. When our force.*; 
advanced Monday moriviuir. Col. Woo. Is 
wa.s r<-caprured, wounds dn-.sxpfl and p 
f^uv days afr«'r he was s«-nt nortli whtoe 
ho w 4S dt^railfd on recruiting service 
aa < remained on duty within the state 
of lowu utuil nbout Jan. 1, ISO:'*. Tho 
men of his regiment who were raptured 
at vShilo, having In^eti exchanged, he was 
ordered to Benton Barracks, St. T.ouis, 
Mi-.souri. to reorganize his n giment and 
SiV)n at'i'T hr^ was sen: to Rolla, Mo., 
wh'-re hc! renuiined u si>ort timo and 
then ri'turned to ^:t. liouis. 

April 1^', IS').), he. (mibarkr-d his regi- 
ment on board steanicr u/nivr orders to 
.i'>in forces operating near Vick.'^burgh, 
Mississippi, 

lie reported to Gen Grnnt at Du'^k- 
porr, La , April 1 I, and w.is at (ini>-> as- 
signed to eomii\and ftf oil bri:raii;' com- 
posed of the v'r!i, IJrh n?id :!.")<'h luwa 
Tul'., 'A'X divifion, ir»th arniy •-orn<. 
lle.ivy details wf.-r.; made frotii the bri- 
uade daily for guard and al-vO for work 
np()U ih-^' canal. 

May 1st, (,'ol. Mathias of iho "/ih Iowa 
W.is tiv-igii'-l to coannand and Col. 
Wo(mU ii'turu'-il lo caiiMian l hi , !-':gi- 
mud and May J. I m'.;;, left Da. kpoH, 



L«i., with his n'uinuMir. and UKirched via 
Riclimoud, Lii , t<) Gr.iiid Gulf, theuce 
t-o Jack sou, Mi>s., whore rlit^ Tirh lowu 
wtis eupafjed ou rhe 1 Ith iu (ho burrle of 
Jftcksou, Miss., oji oxtit-n\e r pht of the 
lino Cos. B aud C ou tho skiiinisli linti 
were among the first troops inside the 
Rebel works aud took possession of u 
Rcbol caiup with all its oquippa^e coiu- 
plete aud dinuer read> to be earen. 

The rogin)eut. reuiairiod in Jacksou 
oue aud one-half days, euiployed first 
day iu destroying railroad rnnaiup uorth 
and the foreuoou of the 10th in d^Ktroy- 
in{^ Ucbcl cauips and other property. At 
12 o'clock orders were received to rein- 
force the other corps of the army near 
Champion Hill as s )Oedily as possible. 

Leaving Jackson the regiment 
marched with scarcely a halt, to near 
Champion Hill where they arrived 
about two o'clock ou the morning' of the 
17th aud after a rest of two or three 
hoars marchod uorth to a position ou 
extreme right of Grant's line aud at 
night crossed Hlack river at BridReporr,. 
On the 18th the 15rh corps with isc div- 
ision iu advance took the road to Wal- 
nut UiUs, pressing this cor[)5 between 
the llobols in Vicksbar^^h acd those at 
Yazoo river until the head of tho col- 
umn reached tho Mississippi above 
Vicksbur^h and thdlel'i rested on Jaclw- 
Bon roail. Ou the llUh the M V'ri«<ade 
was sent to Ya/oo river and took pos- 
Rcssion of tho forts then and opened 
commuuicatioii with our fleet and after 
dismanielinj the fort, the bri;,'ado re- 
turned to position in line in resting 
Vicbiburf^h aiid participated as reserve 
iu the afusaults mad - upon the works on 
the lOth and 22nd of May. 

About June ), Col. Woods wa^ again 
n.<-si;<ntd to comntand i)f bni;ad» , wliirh 
had gained an advaiir-o position in tho 
line of appHiUches, and furnished ilnily 
heavy details for guard anrl for work in 
tlio lrenoh> s. Nearly every ni^ht the 
wliole brigade was oulbnl into line by 
Jiome alarm on the pii-kci pr^t. 

June '^2, the bn^.-adu Wius rcdioved 



from its place iu frr.ut line and with the 
remaiudor of the loth corps sent to Hlack 
river to guard rear from an attack by 
Johnson, very h»^avy guard and p itrol 
dutv was kept up theu until July 4th. 
Vicksburu'h surren<h*red and Sherman 
moved immediaroly upon J'»hu?.on lorc- 
iug a crossins; of Bl urk rivt^r th»i sauie 
day aud pusliiiii: .l-ih ison b-ick until he 
reached Jackson, Miss., which had b»?en 
again strongly fornlb-d. Siu^rman in- 
vested the place July 10, and com- 
menced a regular sioLT**. 

Ou Julv 15, GfU. Turtle reported sick 
and Col. Woods was assigned to com- 
mand of division and next day moved 
his flivisioij to the richt and relieved 
Gen. Oscerluns' division from ils place 
on the advance.! line. 

On the 17th tin; Rebels evacuated 
Jackson auil burned the briilge over 
Pearl river, planting torpnoof-s iu tlie 
approaches to ihe bridge and ferry. On 
the lOrh the 3fl briu'ade, ;>d division. lotlt 
corps with some otlu-r troops, incluhiug 
cavalry aud artillery, pursued the eue- 
my to Brandon, Miss., driving the cue- 
my through the town and capruriim 
cousidurable Rebel property stoied in 
the railroad depor aud wurehous^'^s which 
were rdl destroyed and the next day tliC 
troops returned to Jack<ou. aud a few 
days thereafter evacuated Jackson a'.id 
fell back behind Hlack river and went 
into camp .July Col. Woo ls 

commanded tlie divi.>ion until sometime 
iu October, when G'eneral Asboth NNas 
assigned to the command and Colonel 
Woods returned to the co(nmaud of tlic 
britrarle. 

Nov. 7, th»j division tMil)arked for 
Memphis, Tenn , and the T.d brig.id^ 
was aisicned to dnfy guardinir the mil- 
road from Lu(iran;^e to ('oiinih, each 
regimsnt nt a dillercnt post Krrqti' nt 
skirnli^hes were had with the eiiomy 
aud on.; severe « ngaj,";ment lasting near- 
ly uU day, brought, ou by the en< my iu 
force attompfing to <lesiroy the ra\ho.ul. 

T)\() > lov.a, f faiioned nt C!i. nv .dl.« . 
rc-enlist-d iJ-.c. V-'o. Ic^u;:. Jnu. I''-'. 



brijJtxl*' w>is ordi^reti ro Virk^bnrah and 
wcrp on diuy nt Black rivm- one uiontli 
while Sherman's expedition was out to 
Meridian, Mississippi. 

Upon tlw. remru of said espodiriou 
tho now vert^rau.-i of the brigade were 
sent ou an expedition u . the Red river, 
the v»'teruns ordered homo ou fnrloa^h. 
Reaching Davenport March '^•2, they 
were furlontrhed '60 days at expiration 
of which time tliey returned to Dawn- 
port and embarked at once for Memphis 
where tlu^y arrived yUxy '2i\d and were 
assipued as :}d brigade, Col. Wootlscohi- 
innndinpr. 1st divisi<iu, Gen. J. A. Mow- 
er eommaudin}?, lOtn army corps, Gen. 
A. J. Suiith cummaudin^^ Durius; the 
gnramer tliis oomniiiud niade two expe- 
ditions into the iutt?rior and July l-:5, M 
and 15, fout,'ht tlie battle of Tupelo, 
^I^^.■^i^•sippi, the 3d bri^rade doinjr most 
of the fifjhtinp and with their coaun-m- 
dpr received {^reat credit for their etti- 
cieut service. 

Sept. 1, the* division embarked on 
steamer from Memphis and proceeded 
to Dnoall's Blutis, Ark., and marched 
tlieuce north in pursuit of I^rice, who 
had crossed tho Arkansas river and 
started on a trip throuj^h Missouri. 

The command inarcJu^d to Cape Girar- 
deau, Mo , '-iZyj njiles in !7 dixy.s-, from 
Capo Girardeau to St. Louis in a ste:\in- 
boat whero they arrived Oct. 8, 1>.<U. 
Gen. Mower was transferred to Gen. 
Sherman's command at Atlanta, and 
Col. Woods assi^xu'^d to command of 
division and prooi erU'd on steamrr to 
Jeftersou City, Mo., arriving Get. 17, 
and march>'d in pursuit of Price to Kan- 
sas City, thunce .south to llarrisouville, 
Mo , keeping wirhitj sf>und of his mms 
bur not suoc'HMliii;: in briii;:iii>:j iii'ii to 
battle. His comia.iud ImvIuu: bi.'un pom- 
uh't*.-!}'- broken ui) the ifiljintrv wjis or- 
d»^rod bad;, to St liOuis, Or;i.. :jO, niarch- 
in^r via Si dalia and Jeli■^:•r.^on City. 

At SiMlalia, Mo., tho troops v/ero met 
by Gen. Mc.Vrthur, w)\o liad b(,eFi ns- 
si).M»t d to commund of division, anrl Co]. 
Woods leturncd to couimand of bri;^aflu 



•and throu^rh stortns of snow and laiu 
and fordint: streams filled with tloatiu;^ 
ice marched his command back to Sr. 
Louis where thf^y nrrived Nov. lo, his 
briiiade havin^; marched within tlie last 
80 days 543 miles— within last oO days 
S79 miles, and since June IG, HOO miles. 

At Sc. Louis, havinjj served more than 
his full term of enlistment, Col. Woods 
mustered out of service. Ele had filled 
with credit many impcu'tant positions 
wliile in the service, acc^'ptably and 
with honor to himsdf and to the service. 

Col. Woods had a slender stooping 
form, brown hair. liLrht complexion and 
mild blue eyes, fie wa.^ in apooarauce 
and in fact the most unassuming of 
military men. He spoke slowly and 
kindly and was accustomed to irive his 
coinmanrls witli >.jreac. coolness and. do- 
liberation, never undor the hotrest fire 
varyinj^ in the le.ist the modulation or 
deliberation of his orders. His.' -Fall in 
12th Iowa" on tlio Cth of A])ril lbo->, or 

. at time of a iii«,'ht alarm during the 
.«^eige of Vicksbur;,'h was beard by his 
men above every other .sound and rdways 
in the .same tone as wlieu ou parade or 
review. 

He had none of the style or auster 
munners of tJie repular army ollipors 
and v. liilc v^ry familiar and easy of ap- 
proach by Ids .<^nbordinates, was a t:rx)d 
disciplinirian aijd tlic men soon learned 
tliat he j'--;-st?ssed Rreat worth as a cobi- 
mandin;.' oflicer and while personally of 
the bravi-.>t and willin;; to lead his rc;ii- 
ment to -Avi severest contest, yet devoid 
of all riiiiine.-s that woald .«^acritice his 
men without p^ood reason. 

His stfvice richly mt.'rrited riM;o;;ni- 
tion at \Va-?hin;.:f on th.at lie ULVv-r r-'- 
crived, In t with him modesty blo'.^ked 
the whet.', of promotion, and I doubt 
n<»l it v.-'H;ld bi: impossible to liod any 
of his suK-j ior olliccrs who will say that 
('ol. h ever sou,%'ht piomo:i-)nat 
their h in any v.ay bur by a faith- 
ful and ( .an« .'I <1 isehar|,-o of his duiii r» 
in \»'liai I'ver C'imui'itid he. v.m^ pht^^ d. 
His muster out waa doeply ri'j:ixltid by 

41 



all his o!<l c »mc.)t!i s .iml »'speci:illy hy . 
tho ni'*ii \v!j"'in lit- ht l < » ««ft^'.i ami 
who h id hMiii-'il .!.»jf,>.«i;ttti ill.' qniur 
but Urave ainl ^»Mit'r. ui>- O •!. o 'ds 

Upon his rerur-i ho:n'». he rt^moved 
from rho fiiriu ut Mm^xiyik^xa, wiiev.* i»j 
coMpaiiy with W. V. Mr(^iu r. oi. \n' luir- 
chitst'd the -'MaqnoK-efa Kxrci-inr," of 
wJiich he becjiiue rlie tuliim- 

III the fall of Ib'iT ho sold hi-; i.itert-t 
in said papor aiiti movt.-.l ur>o;) hi> fnnii 
in Clintou conury, low. i, but iheii»xr. 
year returned to .Maqu.>kela, and Mc- 
Oarrou havinfr tailt d m niak»' payments 
ou iht: p;!per and h. inir involved in oth- 
er L'ss-r^s whert) Wooda was las s-ei'uriry 
and Jiad to pay Um lo>-s, Woods aj,Mifi 
took control of the ](.jp»'r and published 
it nntd Maj- lSr>'.», wlien he removed to 
Kansas. 

la 1.S71 he was oa a board of visitors at 
West Point, appointed by Gen. Grant, 
and the same fall was oni-; of tliruc eom- 
ndssiouers appointed by the Secretary of 
the Interior to appraise the Clu-roheo 
uiutual lands in Indian Territory, we>.t 
of the 9(jth lueridiau, and was also :tp- 
point«id the same fall Ht;Ct,iver of Hum- 
boldt laud district, but declined the ap- 
pointment. 

The same fall ho was elected to the 
Kunsu'? legislature, \vhich convened in 
January bsTJ In Marcli ho was ap- 
pointed one of thi: rcfrcats of the State 
Univfii >ity. He wa-: a member (*( the 
Kan.-HS hgi.=.luture in IS75, and c;liair- 
mun of the Committee of Wijys and 
Means. 

KOTi:s I'A' 3iiia'i:v ki:id. 

'A very appreciative tribute to tlje 
character of ('ol. \Vo.)(1.s from oua who 
served in Ir-s r<'t'Imenr crim» s a rci'eni 
lelif.r fiom John S. Hay, of Naprm.e, 
Ki'braska. Mr. Kay says: Col. Wcods 
was a KvaJid man, ami l.ad he cntt rL-d 
into the scramliie for prouioi 'oi), as v. as 
llie rule, lie mi;,'l)t have b< en a Majoi-- 
General. In fa';t he was In-ttrr i;it..d to 
command a iliNii-inn or e'oijM, thiin a 



Ct)r.ONKL .1. J. WOODi,. 



reirinien*. His - foi tfr' was not as a dress 
paradr- orVi rr. Ht; h id no m'»r" -tyld 
than ("JfMi riviiit. atid was not nnich <»f 
a mixer wiiJi eitJu-r oflicers or men, nl- 
thou}.'h he was respected by botli. ITo 
was no respecter of rank, as between 
men. A private with a ^'lievance was 
givfu ns much consideration as an r(Ti. 
ct.*r. He v.-as as peiitle as a woman, but 
his bravery was never questioned. 

(A) As a matter of endnrin;' interest 
I give a list of West Point cudvts who 
nttenclod th;it ins'.itutiou diirin},' iho 
years when Col. Woods was there, and 
who aLtained ranlc and reputation dur- 
in;^ the Civil war. This will include all 
ti.e cids.ics from th..' one ^Taduating in 
ISli. Col. Woods liist ye.ir in the Aca- 
de)ny, to the omj Ki"*>de;<tion in 1S.;0, 
whicj) entered ii\ 1^17, fh" y« ar iti which 
he ^T.iduatod. Th:.' do j- not mean tliat 
h(-l?camo pcr.--oi\nr.y afunniiitvd with 
all th' >e. ol'.icers, but ti'.;it he would have 
s< tn tl;'"m, r.ti(t be( tam} n:<n<.' or b ss To- 
iliar \. iih Ihvir persr»naUi i* and rM \r- 
acteri.iiies. I v, ill arraUL'" lh«'m acco'd- 
iti;/ to lb - ir order of nw rit in th«irre- 
spi;ctive cla-.se.s, l.uit v. iil .s-.paratvi thnso 
wliieh .s'Tved in liie I'nion aruiy fiotu 
tl;o ( who va.,t ibur lots v.iih ihc Cou- 
fi.(l» r.ih.s. 



To begin with Col. WixkIs owu class, 
tbo 

Class of 1847. 
Joseph J. Woods, who entered from 
Ohio, July 1 , lSi:\, at t!ie a;;o of 00 years. 
5 luouths, graduated No. 15, beiug one of 
the five uiosr. disriu^'uisht'd cadets, who-^e 
names are marked witli a star(*) con- 
formably to a regulation for the govern- 
meut of the Military Acadomy, whicli 
requires that that many b(v reported at 
each nunnal examination to be attached 
to the next Army Register. Cadet 
Woods a' lo served during the Inst year 
on the Aeadeiaic Stall" Acting I'ro- 
fessor of Ethics. His marks on final cx- 
iiiuinfttions in his respective studies 
were ns follows: Eninneering, 2; Erli- 
ics, 8; Artillery, o ; Infantry Tactics, 5; 
Mineralogy and Geology, 8. During 
previous years ho attained rank in tlic 
other studies of the courso as follows: 
Philosophy, 3 ; Chemistry, ; Drawing, 
23; Mathematics, 4; French, 8; lOngliiih, 
Grammar, etc., 9. In liis third year he 
stood sixth in his class; second year 
fifth (an honor man again) ; and in his 
first ye<ir sixth. 

There is also kept at the Academy a 
conduct Pvoll in wliicli the wliolo body 
of cadets (without regard to class) is 
graded according to '*dcmerito** charged 
(\gain?t them. If more th.en'JOO domciits 
arc charged in one year the catVjt is re- 
ported to tlic War Urrpartment for dis- 
charge. Cadet Woods' record on this 
Roll stood thus: l/irst year. No. 10 with 
6 demerits ; .second year, No. U with 21 ; 
third year, No. 2V with -S ; and fourt h 
year,'No. 2 with no dcmcritc* No .1 in 
184'i, was the afterwards celebrated 
Thomas J. Jackson. 

The cadet who graduated at the head 
of the class of 1847, had alf O htood al tlic 
hei'.d every year of his service except 
ISM, v.lion ho Wi'.n second. Thi'i was 
John Cieyes Syinn)es of Ohio, son of 
th') John Cloves ^)ymi^e^;, who is not^^d 
as tlie auliior of the ".SymuKs Nolc" 



theory of the eartli's eonstruetion. I 
cannot h-arn that cadet Syminrs sur- 
vived until the Civil war period. lit; 
certainly had no important command 
tlierein 

No. 2 was John H uuiltoa of Indiana. 
He m'ver le t the reirular army, iiaving 
bren captain in the 3d Artillery in IStil; 
aud served in the artillery during the 
eutire Civil war, reaching tl;c rank ot 
Major and Brevet Colonel. 

No. 4 was Julian McA li.stcV, who also 
remained in the regular service and 
.served in the Ordnance Deparrninnt dur- 
ing the Civil v/ar, becoming Ciii'^f of 
Ordnance for the Pacific Department. 

The others who had records in tiie 
Union army that can be traced were: 
Gen. John S Mason, Col. of the 4th 
Ohio Inf., who servert in the army of 
Potomac, and returned to the regular 
army after the war, rising to the rank 
of Colonel. He was a nephew of Char- 
les .Mason (also a graduate of West 
Point), Chief Justice of the Supreme 
Courr of the (owa Tt-rritory. 

Gen. Orlando B. Wilcox of Michigan 
commander of a division in thcNiutli 
Army Corps. • 
Gen. James B. Fry of Illinois, Provost 
Marshal, General for the War De]):ut- 
nmnt. He had cliargc of the draft" or* 
deri'd the last year ot the war. 

General Ambrose E Burn->ide, oiu^c 
Commander of the .\rmy of tlic Poto- 
mac, afi» r wards C'jnimauder of the De- 
partment of the Ohio 

CJen. John Gibbon, who organized tlio 
Iron Brigade of llm Potomac, res*' to 
1 lie command of the :.*'ith Army t'oi p-, 
and bf-came P>rlga liiM General in t!io 
regular army ufl'^r thr war. 

(.7011. llonnyn P.. Ayics, an artillery 
ol'.iecr in I he .\aniy of the Potntnac, and 
a division coimn.'imler. 

Gen Chmh's K. Giillin, also a divis- 
.sion eomniaml'ir in the army of the IV)- 
KKnac 

Cm n. lOgbcrt L.- V id, a dib-t i»M:u' li. d 



oftici^r ill tlnj Euuiui ors, and liad im- 
portant conimiuirts in thcuuisicru :irii'.ie?. 

Col. Lewis Cass Hiuit, bnitlu'i- of u. 
Heury .1 Hunt, Cuivf n( ArrilU'iy. Anny 
of tllO PorOllMC, btn":ll!l«* C^ ilfrnfl of t. ^Q 
9-2d N»'w York, :in«i uftor the war was 
promoftHl ro Colom.'i of tlie I4ih U. S 
lufautrj. 

In the Cojifed«»riit6 servioB wo find 
Ambnise P. Htll, who l)«'Ccime Li^ nrt-u- 
aut General and com niiuuh'r n a c »rps 
.in (.ee's aiuiy, and Kt^nry Heth, a di- 
vision comtnaiidt'r at Gturys 'iir^'h and 
in other im(>ortaiit. canipuifrns. Hoth 
was tho four of rho clas-. attd stood No. 
19S on the Condnr^t Roll with 105 de- 
merits. Il is of intort-sr, roo, ro uoro 
that A. K. Buni.'^idi' was charged with 
190 denn'rir.s or within ten of the mark 
of dismissal. 

Wo will now take- up the oth(;r classps 
wifh whosH menilKTSfadet Woods niigiit. 
have associatfid. 

Class of 1844 

Union nrmy — General Alfred Pi«»a.s- 
ontou, Army of the Poromac Citvalrv, 
Gen. Winlitild S Hancock Gen Al-x- 
a-.der ITuys, .Airmy Po'om.ic bri;i de 
commander, killed at the Wilderness. 

Confederate army—Gen Simon B. 
Bncknor Therw were only '^b mernlf -is 
of this class left, at jrraduatiou out ot a 1 
who entered in 1841. None of the five 
honor men gained any military disiinc- 
tion. 

Cla.'=;.s ok 1845 

Union arnjy — Crenerals v.Vm, F (B d- 
dy) Smith and Thos J Wood, Arn\y of 
the Cunjljv'i'land, w*'ie hotli honor nn'i). 
Gen. Chas P. Sro e of ill's BlufT 
fume, Grn Fir/ John Porti-r, Gfii. John 
P Hatcii ' f New Yoi u-, ( J- n. D.-lo^ li. 
Saeketr, Gen Gordou (J r.itr:t;i-, (Jen, 
David A. liussell. kilU.d at \Vin(;h«'sler. 

Coi)f»^deratc army -Generals Wm. H 
Whitifi}; j'.iid I,onj'^ Ili-hirr, lamor 
inuii, aufi (o nf rals 11 Kii'l)y SmiHi. I ;;ir- 
nurd ]•:. B( <!, kiPfd at tirst Pa:Il UuM.and 
AVm L C'rif itiidfii. 

'J'his cla^r, |.Maduati (l 11 in'jmhtm. 



Class of 1S4G. 

Union arm> — Generals Geo. B. Mc- 
Clellau and John G. Foster, honor men, 
Generals Jesse L Keno. killed at South 
Mountain, Darius N Coucii, Truman 
Seymour, Charles 0. Gilhcrt, Samuel D. 
Sturgis, Geo Stoneman, Innis N. Pal- 
mer, Alfred Gibhs, (mm). II Gordon ( Jd 
Mass ), Delancy F .Tones and J. X. G. 
AVhistler, cou.-^in of the celebrated paint- 
er who died recenrly ui L-mdon. 

Confederate army — Geiieruls Thonms 
J. (Stonewall) Jackson, John Adan)5, 
Dabncy H. .Maury, David II" Jones, 
Cadmus M. AVilcox, Samuel B. Iduxey 
and Geo. E Pickett. 

Glass of J 848. 

The head of the class, Prof. Wm, P. 
Trowbridge, did not stay l.-n^,' in tiie 
army, but held a Iji^'h position in the 
Coast Survey and as professor of Fm- 
Kineering at Columbia and .\lichi^,an 
Gen. James C. Duauc' also an honor 
man, was an Eufrineer olliccr and rose 
to Chief of Kn<;ineers after the war. 
Gen. Nathaniel .Michler was a loadi:j«; 
Topographical Fugiuefr and map uud:- 
er. Others in the Union army were 
Generals John Buford, V H McLean 
(Adjutant GciU'raPg Department) and 
Ilucrh B. Fwin^:. 

Confederate army — Generals Wm 10. 
Jones, N. Geo. FvansaudGeo. II. Steu« 
art. 

Class of IS^O. 

Union army — Generals Qnincv A. (iil- 
more and John G. Park*', honor men, 
Abr.olam B;*jrd, Chauncey McKeevi-r, 
Bnfus Sa.xton (Q M..), S. B. H(jlal'iid 
and U. \J . Johnson. 

Confederate ar)i\y— Generals Strplien 
V, Bcnet, honor nmn, John C. Moore, 
John Wo(lit:rs an<i Dull C. Gri en. 
Class or IS'iO 

Union army — Giii*^tals GonvrmiMir 
K. Warrrn and Gi.v;« r diovtr, IuiMoi 
uion, /Vdam .1. ^'l<Miim<;r, 10»urt*no A. 
Cair, \V. P. ('.iihn. AnlO^ lUrl'wiih 
(( 'omm Usury ). 



Coufederafe army - Geuerals Chiiij S. 
'Wiud»'r(i 'oiiiniMuder Libby Pri on ). Win 
Ij Cabell, Henry G. Jjuukhead, J. J. A, 
A. Moutou. 

Wheu Cadet Woods ent^^rcd rho Acad- 
emy iu 1843 Major triich.ird DrlnfieK*. 
Wdn superiuteiid»-nt. lu 1S45 he wa? 
Fucceded by Capt. Henry Brewcrton. . 

Amougr the iiisrriictors of the four 
years period whose uanios will be rect>j:- 
uized by subsequeur Lnilitary di>>tincti<»u 
were Ilorat'o G Wright. John Newton, 
•Wm S. Ko.^eoraus, Israel Vod^es, A. P.- 
Howe, A. P. Stewart (Confederate) 11/ 
S. Grdugcr, Irwin McDowell, (Tustavas 
W. S'uith (C mt'ederatu), Isaac N. Qiiiu- 
by, G W Kid us (Con federate), K O 
Keyos, Jainco A. llardie, J. J. Ueyr.olds 

It is reuiarkable how few of his Wi sr. 
Point associates Col Woods came in 
contact wir.h ia his Civil war service. 

None of his own class, they all servrtd 
: iu the east, both Union and Confcderare. 
He succeeded Grant as cadet from ilie 
same congressional district and met hi n 
iu Ort'gon. He served temporarily und»*r 
S. D. Stargis, who w.as a fellow cadHt 
aud nerved under Kosecraus, who was 
au instructor, and he met in battle 
Backner. and possibly ]). H. Maary and 
John 0. Moore, bat I can hud uo move. 

Theso West Point data are ^jleaned 
from the OAicial He^dsier of the Acad- 
emy from 1810 to 1S."^(). kindly jirocured 
for mo by Hon. A. F Dawson, from 
Geu. A. L. Mills, pn^seut superinten- 
dent. 

(B) Lieut Lewis Oweu Morris was a 
member of the famous Now York fam- 
ily whoi.e scat wa^ at Morri.siana, now a 
part of New York City. His fatlujr, 
Lewis N. Morris, was a grandson f>f 
Lewis Morris, oni; ot the .'•i;;ners of the 
Liclaralion of Jndepondence. A youn;^- 
cr half-brother of the sj;rnf r was (ionv- 

I oueur Morris, whv> alio bccamf a mei)i- 
her of the C'oiitint.-ulal ().j(i^:r»-^s, ( J. S 
ininisK-r to I'^raiice .'jkI United Hr:M'.s 
Senator liiiv.'is N. Morris was al.-o an 

' Ui'iuy oHicer, havituj f:raduatfd at Wt-t 



-P inr in !S-3(). Wb» n t)jp N ^Nicun war 
brok»^ out Ik; whs a ca])';iiri of ;ii idl. ry 
aud vv IS assiu'ied to G.ui t.iI Z.t.dmiy 
Tavl ir's coinoi in I He w-.is kilh d 
W'vl'' Ivi'ltor his m-'u in th-i a<s;ialr on 
\1 »Mt^»*'*v Hi> s ) I. Lewu O. Morris, .v'.is 
CO ninssi wK^ l S-c md Li<3U''.Miaur o ;ir- 
tillery Mircn S,IS47,aiid wass'-'ut t » V'Uit 
Cruz as C »l. W » » Is rel it.^s. H * s^^l vcd 
in the army uatil thf! war of tlie r»'bollion. 
I'l I'btiJ liad obt lint^ I therankof Cap- 
t till iu the ;3d .A rrdlory aud was .«;ta- 
tio/ied in Te\as. He absr)lut«dy refusi^d 
to surrender his command wheuordcrrd 
to do so by Gen. Twi}i::;s, but w:is tlu tlly 
allowed to returi: to rho north Ho be- 
came CjIoucI ofilje li:ji h Now York, 
which Wiis nmde a re;:i))ieut of Heavy 
Artillery in the fk'fen«-e of VVa-hinjrfon. 
At rliH 0()euinf( of Grant's riuun.ii4u in 
ISGl, it joined the army of the Porotn io, 
se viuK as Infantry Col. Morris wa.s 
giveu command of a briirade, iind ut the 
bittleof Cold Harbf)r he fell, loadiuu 
hU me'i. as liis father had done cii^hteea 
3'ears b»'fo!e. 

(C) Dr Marcus Vvhitmau wcut to 
Ore^»on in 18-51 v. ith a mi-sion p:vrty un- 
d*'r the auspic»;b of the Presbyterian 
church The country wns th^•n under 
onirol of the British 'luds^n Pay Co , 
who would not allow the Anuricm 
missiotiaries ro loo.irc n<v»«r rjj 'ir sertlo 
menrs. but, induf-Hd fh'sn to cros.s tU** 
Case id<* mouni ains. wh r.' th» y csfi»)- 
lished a missioti mid s'*hool on fh" W dia 
Walla river (in wh il is now W ishmt:- 
ton) near it-)j'.iM;ri)u wi:h t!i'jO)lu n- 
bia. 

fn l^i:l Dr Wliit-nan m>ide. his rttlo- 
brated ridn to the si.vK-s. thmuirh the 
Il'icky Mouiitaiiss ro S-vnla Ft, then 
across tlm pi nn-> to f.onis. ami t heu'-e 
to Wa-!ldnt;t(>ii, whiooii is sui<l th.if bi-. 
reprf>^«tit;iti',»ns to Pitsiibnt Ta\ brand 
Datiiel \^'••b-^t.•^ had i;iu' li indn« nee iu 
shupinu' rli'^ treity ') ISKiby which 
Or.'iJ Mriiiiin .d» luil'-nd.-d li« r rl.dmj lu 
(> . ;ron .'Nonf'i of lb j'.Mh f».ir.dl -!. lu 
th-1 m antim': lb- Whifmau Inid n « 



turut'd to the VViillii W.ilhi with a party 
(Vrlanrl 

Thc! llnrlso!! Hay Co , h id siKw^cd d iu 
jisrillinjr into tic fndi.ins a disrrnst of 
Aiii'-ricatis which, when it Ijrcamo 
known to ilioiu tliat Kriud;iiid had pivni 
upthf'ir country, found savau'<f cxpies- 
sioii in tli(i inassaia'ii ou NovctuV-cr 
IHIT. of Marcus \V iiitmaii and iliirtcuu 
missionary a-<sociarcs 

(D) Col. Woods' farm was tlu) north 
half of norflicasi <i!i:irtcr and tho south 
half of nortliwt sr, quarter, section two 
in South J^'ork township, about a mile 
and a half northwest of tlurstvilK; and 
a])Out the same distarico southeast of 
l*]sgato schoo' hf.use Ir is irt ncr illy 
known as the "Asa Davis Place," Mr. 
Davis having' been the purchaser from 
Del. Woods. The house tluit Col 'A'oods 
first lived iu was siruated on the E;j- 
^ate road in rhe northeasterly part of 
;hfi farm. Ho bnilt a new house in t!ie 
jreek bottom uear the west end of ^tlio 
t'arm.whicli became the Davis home, and 
:he old house has entirely disappeared. 



NoticctJ Memorial Day. 

lu my remin'scenses of pioneer life in 
loivu, I endevored lo relate circumstan- 
josi iu tlio oroer they cum»>, btit on this 
)eCtibion I will «<Uip a Urtje space for tho 
•eui-on that Memorial Day requii-es no- 
'iice. A day that is becomiui^ more hal- 
.owed as time separates us from tho 
)cciisioii that bi'oui^ht the day into ex- 
stence. A day that t)rini,'s us to^'ethcr 
)n one e(»mmon level around (hef^-raves 
)f our loved om.^s. A day that stands 
or tho unit)ii. A day that stands for 
he reunion of families for rich and 
)Oor toi^ether. Tnis day we meet to 
lonor the lun-os of IStU to lNti.'». A day 
tot of fc.astiiij.; and duncinj:, but a (Jay 
»f solemn assomhly. A day to com- 
uemorate tho trnat .«~acritice our \>o- 
0\Ttl ()lK'^^ mad(^ loi" otir ^dorious union 
'I statcr,. A day to >s\ inlKd i -'.>• tb.' ini 
Mortality of the bravery and beroisni 
f •"•■.ti, of |,s;-J^ |s|ii ,iiid ol I -Id, and 



again of 1SU8. We have here a chain 
of brilliant achievments won by onr 
forefathers tliat reaches back to and 
beyond our national existence. 

While the brave boys in blut.', who 
laid down their lives on tho altar of 
our beloved country are deservinj^ of 
iir St honor, we must not forgot thut a 
fjrcat array in tl)e i*ear were also doin;^' 
a proat w<jrk, pointing toward the same 
end. It was just as necessary to pro- 
vide supplies for the army at the front 
as it was to weild the sword. It will bo 
remembered that in IStiii, 11 atid 1, 
wheat sold for tL* per bushel, corn $1, 
oats 75c, cotton -"p- per pound, p )rk at 
$30 per barrel and oiher thin^^s in pro- 
portion. 

And that this army in tlie rear was 
composed principally of Ladies. Yes, 
ladies of the lirst class. Lipiics who 
attended church on Sundays drcbSed iu 
their silks. Ladies, who on Mondays, 
doned their denims and peeled their 
ploves, and entered the service iu the 
Oelds (But it must be remeilibered that 
silk in those days soUl at near tho 
same price of denims.) Ladies who 
supplied the army with food. Ladies 
who took the placj of the J,0()(),tHj() 
drawn from the farms and factories. 
I do not relate this to shock tho la<lies 
of the present day. For I have ail con- 
lidence in them to believe that thoy 
would do the same thinjr under similar 
circumstances. To cnumeratt) all iho 
cases that came under my own obser- 
vation would re(iuire far more lutie 
than I have at my disposal. 

I will hero just moniion a single case 
which will give the roa ler an idea how 
great was the strain, ami how gri-at tlio 
demand fur labor among tlie farnjors, 
but happily the -^uppiy was 0(|ual to 
tho demand, liy taking tho la«lio.>. in. 

I was in Dubuque on the 1th of .Inly 
iSi.J, an<l stayed over night. In Iho 
ujorning there cam.\ :i telegram thai 
\ icU-burgh had fallen or -urren<lorc«l. 
Tbi.- news ^iM'oad liko wildiire, ami In 



I 



less than an hour, the boom of cannon 
and anvils could be hoard iu ovcry di- 
rection, and this continued for more 
than /our hours. It was a day of ^reat 
rejoicing tor it was believed that the 
"backbone of the rebellion was now 
broken." But in those days we had no 
telephones neither in the cities nor in 
the country. News was carried by 
messenKor and the rural districts were 
always late in findinf^ out the happen- 
in ^?s. 

It was now the beginning of wheat 
harvest and wheat was at that time the 
staple crop. After f:^atherint,»- all the 
available news T started homeward; a 
trip of thirty miles. All along^ the way 
the farmers were busy in their fields 
cutting and binding their wheat. But 
the binding at that time was all done 
by hand and required from -i to5 hands 
to keep up with a self rake reaper which 
cut the grain similar to our present 
binders, minus the binder. I also 
found by actual count along the road 
that over two-thirds of the Held hands 
were women. And almost invaiiably 
the driver* of the machine was an old 
lady. After I had driven 18 miles f 
came to to a large farm that was rather 
of the model sort, large iields of corn 
wheat and oats all in line condition. In 
this fleld were seven hands, all of them 
ladies, except one old man who carried 
water. The field lay hard by the road. 

The old lady that drove the machine 
hailed me as she turned a corner fully 
25 rods from the road, (Iley Mr. hold, 
hold.) She now quickly threw her ma- 
chine out of gear and drove to the road 
on a keen trot to where I was waiting. 
And Immediately in(iuired of me what 
all tbid shooting and drumming meant 
for 1 hear it from every direction. I 
said the news came this morning that 
Vicksburgh is taken. At this news 
she exclaimed (Oh my Cod, my Gotl.) 
By this time the lady binders had also 
arrived at the road from their several 
stations. And after the old lady was 




some what composed, for she was shiel- 
ding tears freely, she asked me wht i. 
er there were many killed. I said , 
it was a surrender. Atter hearing t ^ 
she began shooting praises to God. ] 
now began to be interested and v 
tured to ask her the cause of her e - 
den emotion. She replied, Oh my d r 
sir, All my boys are there, threrof 
them, and may God preserve them. ". ' 
this time the proprietor also arri^ " : 
with a pail of water and joined in a 
ing questions, as did also the jun o" 
members of the family. I now asl rl 
the husband and father how he m .>- 
aged to raise so large and Gno a ci 
with labor so scarce, he replied, I ; i 
not able to do much, my wife and t > 
girls did it all. Levi Wagoner 



Orrcn Sinkj''s Ilorsc Stolen. 

It was in the summer of ISoa tl c 
Orren Sinky, of Emeliiio owni^daver- 
fine team of marched horses, (for Orr n 
di'lighted in line horses). That o -k 
morniug he brot in his horses from t > 
pasture, v^'hile it was yet dark, and ti ' 
them to an adjacent fence while he we 
to the house to got bis breakfast B 
upo.i his return he found one horse mi> 
ing, and after examining the hook whe. 
he had it tied he found the little end o. 
the halterstrap still in tlie hook, but w. . 
cut square oil. He now easily kue*. 
what had become of his horse. And » \ 
soon as it became suHicienrly light to 
trace the thief he set out with two oti - 
er companions into the big woods, whit 1\ 
hiid its begcning only 4 rods froM 
where the horse had been tied. Ai «; 
Imr© the trees wc^re tall and the unde 
brush dense, but they succeeded in fc 
lowing the trail until Pino creek w; 
readied. H»'re rhe horse was leil in 
the stream and downward evidently fi 
the purpose of causing the pursuers i 
l(K)Sti track, 

After ct)ntinuing the search thrnoi 
the day without succi's, it wa.s now h 



lieved that tho liorse was oonccrled diir- 
iug the diiy soniHwlien^ in tlio h\\z woods 
and tliiit hu would be talroii across tho 
river the following' ui^ht. Otir ))arty 
now returned to eat supper and dfter- 
tnine on platis for ilie nie;ht Our ])arty 
had now been swelled to sciven eaeli one 
armed with aritle or other deadly weap- 
on, and our plan was to p;o to sinitha 
i'ord about 4 miles distant, this l)ein;,' the 
(mly point on the river that was I'orda- 
l)le for several miles up or down. Here 
've crossed tlie stream and at the o\it- 
ome of the ford wms a narrow track cat 
I hill tiio banks, on either side of tiie cut 
rais thick under])r ash, our party now 
1 )ok stations on l)0th sides of this cut, 
every man with weapon in hand, except 
James Sinkey, I. Copley and A. Robbins 
these three bein<^ the most aljle bodied 
were selected to f^rapple witli tiie thief, 
while the otlier four v,M)uld hold up the 
illian and secure the horse. It was the 
( fder that every man bo settled down 
! liet in his lair till the splashint< on the 
iposite side would indicate the iheif-on 
' s way. It was now lO.oO p. m. wheji 
c ,1110 splash splash splasli, and eveiy 
.'..an quietly raised to l)is feet ready for 
f ! e onslau^'lit, but to our great chagrin 
t e expeetiul horse thief turned (nit tob(^ 
! belated cow which ^vo allowed to pass 
'..r picket line Ns'iihuut moK'sration I'.ut 
^ 3 continued in our posiiiDJi nu)st of 
10 iii,L!,ht without hearing or seeing 
I. y thing of the thief or horse. But it 
V IS afterwards discovered that half a 
1 lile from the river was a largi^ cave in 
i e rocks of Pine creek wli(n-e there was 
•« 1 Mity of room to hide ^(^veral horses, 
d that this cave Inul actually bt'eii 
. i'-d for tliis pnr{)ose, there wi-re. abun- 
• tit mav'-.s K'fl to iiidieate i his fact, 
'lis v\i\v was only a short di-iann from 
occupied by a gang of coiintiw liters 
lich I ileseribed in a former coime.u- 
'atioii, it was also disrcn-ered that an 
;aui/ed ;;aiig e .i,,ted, l,«Ci',inniiig at 
' town of r.elh \ iie (lieiK«i' \\ cst as tar 
(adar K,ipi<ls, and that the si i ongliold 



of said gang wms sifiiati-d iti trie l)ig 
wi;i)ds mih.'s south of the prese-nr, 
eline. And th^'.se rcceiit diseovcries to- 
j;a;luT with the n irn)w escaiie of Mr X. 
.\lden l']-om the a>-sassi<ir!S ballet which 
] ^le^cribed before, a2id also the tra>_fe(iv 
at East Iron 1 [ill, gave rne ro f|)(» noro- 
rions Vigilaiu^e ('ominire-! rhir formed 
at Iron Hills a!id soon after ar J-anelino 
also. Sullice it here to say that tln'.-.e 
t svo commitees did tljeis work tliaroly 
and well. "And that the lan.i ha;! rest 
for many years". Li;vi \VA(a:»N i:r, 

Kcinoval of (ad.C.ox's Ucniiii^. 

At the last mectiui,' of the Pioneer and 
Olfl Settlej-s, Socii ly held in Ma.juoliv'ta 
July, 1. PMM, the Pj-e-sident W. C^. Cre^'- 
ory ; the Secretary .and Treasurer, .] \V. 
Ellis, and H. Rr id, W(jre appr)inref as n 
committee to take siicii steps as tln^y 
deemed necessary to suitably mark ti\e 
grave of Col. Thomas Oox, a vetrtii of 
two wars and a prominent earls oio- 
neer of Jackson county. Horn in 
Ki'ntu(;ky m I TS"/, and died November 
!)tl'. In 14. ]]o was hurried on the javni 
owned by him ami called Ri/.-hland. on 
the blulls north of the .Ma(iuolceta Rivi-r 
a!>oui t\vo miles south oi' the pn-ent 
site of p.ridi^epjrl. 'i4ie( 'o\ fainilv re- 
im)ved to ( "alifornia in l^l'.t and in iimc 
the ColoneTs loonely grave was plow ed 
over and all trace of it dissain ared t x- 
cept thv; .sturdy slu Ubaik hii-kc>ry trcf, 
under whose brantdies his remains liad 
I'-cen laid at his repra st, whi(di ha> Moo<l 
as a solitary seinimd for more thai: ('() 
years. I )n the bsth of Se]iti'inlH'r, V.HM. 
tlie commilee drove to the spot atjd had 
a ])hoto':rapli made of the tree v.hicli 
tie n stood in a \\ -\y[ of rvi*. <-oni - 

mitt(M' lirst (Miiteniplated placiiu: a huge 
fdacier t)oulder over t he 'jrave luif the 
]iresent owner obJcettHi to having any 
kind of moniuiMMit eiTcfcd in his lidd, 
aiitl t !)'■ ]ir.ii. ii w as ab.mdoncd. 

'i' lie commit I. e I hen a d^ d I he tr\i tei s 
of I he M 1 . 1 1 u| ic Ci met ry to iloiialc a 



siiirablo lot in the OiMiictery for tho ic- 
iiiain.s,:iii(l rlio rt^tjafst was ^,'arnu'{l. u lot 
21) feot s(iaan> ami in j^^ood loc>atio)i was 
donatoil. The eoininit. i^ put iu a c.oii- 
cnite ))as(! for tlic iiio/mnuMir. they pro- 
posed to (!reei, and eu'itracMed with Kirk 
Landis to briiij^' in a J ! OOt) ixniiid ^;hicial 
boulde:' douTited by \Y I'\ Jones for tlie 
momuneiit On the Jlltli day of .Inne, 
100r>, J. W. Ellis and \V. C. Grepny of 
the coniniiteo afcoiuij.mi.. d by Pranl: 
McNoar and three of liis men, drove out 
to the phvee h>n^- known as t)ic Hamil- 
ton Patterson farm for the purpose of sti- 
curin>: such rehcs as (iO suiumers and 
winters had left of tiie once famious oJd 
pioneer. The luckorj' treo which was 
said to bo from to .'S inches in diamiier 
in 1814 had grown to be I'i to 1-1 inidies 
iu d.amiter bur tlie branches show^il un- 
mistakable hi^rns of rapid decay. No 
mound of earth or stone rt.-mained to in- 
dicatt; the location of tint ;:rave, l>ut 
aKsandii[< tliat tlnj tree was intended to 
mark the head of the ^rravt; and that tiie 
body was burrii'd wit h tiu'. face^ to tlie 
east th((ro was htth'. tinu; lost M( Near 
indicated a point about 1 feet in a norih- 
oast direction from tlie body (^f tlie tree 
and started a tn-ncli from north tosoutli 
and in three minui'-s Innl looted tin; 
t^rave, and rd \ o'cioi h noon, the diu'- 
Ker.s finind the blaek w.daut iio.U'i- that 
had been i)laei'd ovta- liie blaek' Widnut. 
collin thai, e(jntained all tli it was moi tal 
of Ool. (Jox, The eoili/i was so nuudi 
decayed that it fell to pieces but it was 
carefull}" removed and the bones found 
intact aiul ev<:ry one secured and i)lae(.d 
in a casket, all the fra;.':m(nds of thi) vof- 
fin were cai'el idly i)vese'rved and placed 
in thtj casket w ith the bou' s after w liieh 
tlu) earth was shoveled liack' luio the 
f,'rave and leveled over Tlu^ ca-kt>t eon- 
laiuin;,' the ft mains was taken t(.» tlie- 
Otheeof .1. "W. Idls. there to remain un- 
til Sunday, June iSih, when it wa-^ laid 
in the }i,rave pivp.wed for it i!i the .M i . 
ifope cenu'ti'ry : On (he IKth (-f .lune ilie 
bouldiT was Itrot iii and ul.iced on (lie 
1-t, 



Almost A Idncliiii^ 

Writtcd i)y D. A. 1 h'l cIilt luf tlic .JaclChOti 
(,"ouiiiy 1 1 i.^ioi ii-;it Soi.'ie-iy. 

In the fall of isns,, on returjiin-j; home 
from District Ceiurt at^hi.. llevue:, I found 
the citizens of Maipiokefa cousideral-iy 
excited over the arrest of out;, t 'liarlie 
Harvey, for larceny. At that tinu; Will- 
iam Burleson was carr3dn<^ a little srrvrc; 
at Buckhorji, and short I3' before' thai, 
sonuj one had stoh n fixnn lus money 
drawer a quantity of snudl ehan;re. Har- 
vey had been in the* htore v. ithout any 
api)arenr business liie day befejnj the 
money was ]ni;-,--ed, and beine; a rather 
woi'ihh'ss fellow, much <:i\e'n to playiiu; 
poker on a small .-^cale, he v/as naturally 
suspected of bean^i,' the thief. After lie- 
theft Harvey came to Ma(juoketa, and 
whde in town made several^ small pur- 
cl)ases, i)ayin}^ in e.ich case' witlilive 
and ten cent pierces for the- ^;u()ds he 
bouiiht. He-ariny of thi-, j'urleson had 
Harvey arrested, char^'ed with t^'raiid 
larct'uy, and 1 was emphjyed by liarvey 
to defeml liim on a hearing bi'l'ore .jus- 
tice S. 1). Hyman. 

To begin with, ijublic sentiment was 
srroniUy against Harvey. 

He was a green, sa])i>y looking' youth, 
from the r^'gion :-outn of .Monimnith, 
ami about eii'iiteen yejrs idd. Tlu- Bur- 
It-'oiis were I'ahur.tial cit u'.eus, f ul I of 
talk', ami they wan-e in town with blovid 
in their eyt s. Jerry Jeukins and U. S. 
lladley, the best lawyer.-> wt- had at 
thai (ime, were for the prc>seeut ion . and 
bri'thei Har\'ey's ehanees for tscape ap- 
peal eil vei y slun. ]^,ut what lawyers 
call the rni;i'l s i>!:i.i*'ii wa^ ut)t proven. 
No one - aw llarv> y .-teal the nu/m.-y ; no 
oe>e (Muld >\\ear lliat the money ho paid 
out w;is ever in Bui lt . (iirs drawer. l'\.r 
till' di ieiise, 1 w e' able abumiaiv !/ . . 
prove that 1 larvv y w a^. i n the praeii. - 
of pla s iniJ: ))oker ; tliai he e.m lined h i -; 
bei.^ to hve and ti ii emts ; that lu' u^u:ll 
ly eaiaiii! in lns]ioeke|s for g'lmbhn; 
purjio leiieltuK ol di'iie> and h.i ' 
dime^. 'iMiere w a.^ really no eyid' II. . ; 



justify hohUiJK llarvt y for the liircmy 
aud t)ie justice rll8char^^'efl liiui. 

After his lUschiir^'e. iilnmr U:n o'clock 
at night, I took him to my oflice for Mie 
important business of settl "nient. for my 
services, jukI while thus enjiu^^ed I heard 
unusual noise on the stn et. 

We both went down ro find out what 
was Roing on The street was full of 
excited people. The Burlesons were 
i vcrywliere stirring things up. There 
was abundant talk of lynching Harvey, 
There was a rush around the old Goode- 
now hotel, wliere it was said Harvey 
was in hiding. Next it was said he iiad 
rushed through the hottil from the rear, 
ami got into u room up stairs, which 
was a fact. 

William Yosburg was city nuirshal, 
P'vA olooo triend of Iiurleson, and he 

^ ;'t l.'it lead of a crowd that pro- 
V'.' e I to ; » up Htairs and bring tlie 
iiLiiD ilo,'. ' for th(! pnrpose of speedy 
jiri^ico. C harlie Dunbar was a justice 
fi! ;!;e p'M and full of the dignity of 
' .. .l l\ii:h ; lice. He got on the stairway 

■i.Ye V' )nrg and read him the riot 
Vf v ire a pretty fellow ain't, you, 
fi. 1 V(' b; Mai-shal of the city of Ala- 
. • ll V tJ, vorn to pn^sorvo the pi^aee 
..I.; ^'o y order of this city— and ht-ar 
,1 • iding a mob. Ar'nt you 
ii-.i' 1 yourself. Justice of the 

..M, 1 rbid you from coming up 
I . .0 Mil Instead of being here, go 

' e.i ti tT-eet and quoU liiis distur- 

b ■!-.■." 

\ .bn' vas cowed. Ho had uo%er 
• ;< t ' •> • nity of the law fully oxem- 
il.-'i.l ro. He and his crowd rc- 
'• the meantirue Harvey was 

. . • lis shoes in the room up- 
ter Hoiue conference a coiu- 
i>- . . elVectcil. It was aj^'recd 

that Haryoy was to l)e brought down to 
I he street ; and given a hundred ft'Ot the 
start, aiid aUowcd to run for his life. 
Vo^burg ;nid I)''nbar ke])tllu) crowd 
hack until 1 [arv«iy was plan d and n ady. 
"lio" .said l)uidKir,and Hai vcy ilcd up 



Main street like a deer with the yelling 
crowd in full pursuit. Th^y didn't 
catch him although they chased him as 
far south as the academy. 

The sequel of this little story renn\in.H 
to be told. A few weeks afterwards, 
Harvey was again in Burleson's store 
when no one but him and Burleson was in 
Burle.son says to Harvey, "Now Charlie, 
you had your trial and was fairly cleared. 
No one can harm you again on Oiat 
matter you know. Tell mc tlie truth, 
did you take that money or not? lam 
curious to know about it" "Yes," said 
Charlie "I did." Burleson lost no time 
in coming to town, and getting anotlier 
warrant. Harvey was arrested; salt 
peter or anything else couldu't save him. 
He w^as bound over, tried in the IJisirict 
Court, and sent to Ft. Madison, both for 
his and his country's good. 

]). A. Fi.ETC]ii:u. 



Mectinp; of Old Settlers. 

Wo Would like to tpeak fully and in 
detail of the succc'-s and enlerifiin- 
ment of the Old -SeAtlei s' Picnic and 
cntertummenl yu;.t.M(lfiv , but to do :.-o 
would delay us too niiKjh. Wo ijave 
neither time nor space 

The program was very generally 
curried out as arr.mged aad ^omo of 
the most noted Tn(*u of tin-, state, mat 
helped to mak-3 early hi.->tory anil to 
transact early territorial l)ii.-^ines.-;, vv< ro 
pioenl and purl iei |i(»ti d in tho o.\er- 
ci.ses, among Lh«'in were; 
^Vul. Salter of Burlington, pastor m Ma- 
quoketa in 18 l;i . Col. ^Samuel W.Dur- 
ham of Marion, member of the lirst t-on- 
stitutionai convention of IMU— biing 
the only living survivor of Jowa 'J'erri- 
tonal ollicials; Hon. Charles Aldrieh of 
Des Moines, i/'ioneer lawmaker ami Cu- 
rator Historical department of Iowa. 
Hon. 'J'heodore Carbttm^on, memb -r of 
preM.mt house. Hon. .lohn Wil- 
ja)n, of Walker, Linn contUy, meTnl)er 
Iowa House from Lnmoito in 1 *.la- 
ior S. W. KHthl)urn, I'.ditor Marion 
Kegisler; .las. Voung, Dii.^low, pioneer 
in tho lu's. 

'i'ho unveilitP' of th<^ inoniimenf wan 
the work <d" Mi>. .lo^e I )oiclu fer, 
(luti"liter of W. A. Warrv U, pioneer 
lawyi^r of liellevue. 




Tl»« follnwidj,' ptu-^oiis rcK'isteifid 


as 


Wm Fox, X Y \ 07 


pioneers or old st lllt;i-s .Inly 


1, l'.)*).'). 




Chas M Collins. Iowa ■ 67 
Emma A Morey, N Y 28 


Name Born To 


John Cook, Eii^'huid 41 


Celia llobart Kidd^'r, X. Y. 


4!) 


52 


Mrs Jolni Cook, Pcnn 44 


A H Brown, Xow York 


29 


55 


A licrth-son, (leniuuiy .'12 


Mary Forbes Ellis, Wis 


53 


53 


(i Iv Miller, Pcnn J2 


William Tronl. Penn 


11 


51 


M J Murray, Ponii 20 


Will Cnndill, Iowh 


55 


55 


Miss Mary Shaw, loua 48 


A J Phillips, Ohio 


32 


37 


W B Sui^arL, Iowa ~>7 


A J Ivi(2:j,'s, N Y 


.)2 


37 


Wm Curi-t'iit, Iowa 45 


Mrs Jaok Conory, Ohio 


42 


45 


W C (ire^'ory, Wi.s 44 


E F Weenmn, Michik'an 


3() 


45 


Wm Salter, X Y 21 


Ft 'J'aiihinan, Isle of Mun 


32 


53 


Chas Aldriel). X Y 28 


Geo W J* arnswort h, Oliio 


:n 


54 


J \V Elli.^, Irid 18 


KoberL Ward, En^rland 


41 


52 


The list of old settlers who ' 


I MoPoak, 111 


37 


40 


died durin^^ the past year: 


A Cartel-, En^'land 


4G 


58 


Mrs. Dr. J. A. Carson. Porn in ] 


R A Davenport, 111 


02 


70 


intchani, Ohio, in 1840, came to Iq- 


E E Colli pi iost, Jackson Co 


02 


02 


18t;8, died in ]!*0l. 


J N Ninis, Jackson Co 


40 


10 


Mrs. Mary H. Van Gordt-r, lioi 


Chaiity Nims, " *' 


(;3 


03 


Penn. came to Iowa in 1S.")3, and di 


C 11 Davis, Vermont 


22 


41 


1804. 


Eliza Davenport, X Y 


44 


08 


Mrs. F. J. DcGrush. horn in K(^ni . 


J. Priaulx, this connty 


53 


5.3 


in 1841, came to Ja'-kson county in ' 


Mrs F (J laser, Clinton Co 


42 


42 


died Oct.. 1004. 


J A Eairbrofher, Jackson Co47 


47 


Mrs. A. G. Fischer, born in Pi-ni 


Mrs L Taft, Ohio 


24 


45 


1830, came to Iowa in 18.i4, died in 


Anna l^ovelce, X Y 


43 


07 


Carol lie E. Fiovvman was born in 


h S LovMlee. X Y 


38 


07 


f,'inia, Xonv. !>. ls:Ji, came to Ion 


A Strublu, Ohio 


41 


52 


180;"") died Jan. 15 IDor). 


Mrs A llutchins, Ohio, 


40 


52 


W. B. Sutherland, horn in X. Y. 


tl iilia ( >n(>ill, J ackson ( 'o 


t»2 


02 


80, is;!!, came to Iowa in ls.)l, died 


II KeitI, X Y 


12 


03 


22, 1 !'<»:>. 


Mrs L A Keid, Mich 


47 


51 


John L. Sloan, horn in 01\io in 


J (ilaser, Oei rnariy 


3S 


50 


cam.* to Ma([Uoketa in IS.iO, died 


C B Ian chard, X Y 


31 


00 


24, IDo."). 


E Johnson, Iowa 


73 


73 


Mrs. Henry Lfx:kwood, horn ii\ Wa 


G II Conery, Ma([Uoketa 


01 


01 


county, X. Y., May 0, l.s2.s, can 


W Mcl'oak, Jackson Co 


70 


70 


Iowa in hs.")4, died Jan. 31. imi,-). 


J Seeloy, PiMin 


•x\ 


50 


Wm. I) Kitts, horn in Kipley con 


G A ll(«r>s, Cicrmany 


V.) 


OS 


Ind.. March 14, ISiiD, dit'd March 4,1 


Mrs 1) I'arr, CiUiatla 


21 


51 


was an old settler ot Ja>"k-,on coi 


11 S Parr, CanaJa 


5.3 


51 


and a veteran of Civil w.ir. 


Mrs. E. J. Gesiu-r, Iowa 


00 


(;o 


(U'o. 11. Kimliall, hom m Mass.. 1 


Mrs D Taylor, X Y 


IS 


53 


dirri March 3, I'.to.-), did .^..((Icr. 


Mary A i'rindlo, Michi>,ran 


10 


55 


Ira .\ House. Imrn n< .vr Puidircj 


il S Thoiiipsoi^, P»>nn 


.30 


51 


March I'^'W, di, d Mareh ... I'.'O-, 


Mrs ,1 S Tholnp.^(tn, Pc?in 


37 


5 1 


Milton Wintvrstcin. horn D. «v 1 


Mr James >'onnj:, Va 


43 


58 


died Niar( h 22, liui.>, an t>lil s' ttl.r 


Mr:, James Youn^', Va 


13 


5S 


veteran C-ivil war. 



Mrs. Mary /A. MilU;r, boni in Pi-nii., 
pril "ii), l^'-'w. (uune to Iowa in 1S7'2, 
ed March n;.. Jl'O."). 

Wiu. Oundi.M, Sr , born in England 
I dy 7, iSHi, came to Iowa 1850, died 

arch !!»<).")', a pioneer and onthus- 
. Jtic' member of the society 

Joseph Zook, born Oct. 8, IKS^, in 
'.'nio, and came to Iowa in IH.")!, died on 
V arcli 22, 1905. 

D. A. Wynkoop, born in ChemiUij^ 
. uuty, N. Y.. in 1810, came to .lo\s a in 
: 55, died April ;5, 11*05. 

Mary M. CotTce, born in Prnn., Dec. 
; , 1812, died April 17, 1!I05, an old set- 
, 3r of Jackson county. 

D. C Clary, born in (ieorKia, Vt^r- 
1 ont, Jan. 81, ]^2\, came to Iowa 18^17, 
i' od May 7, 1005. 

Amanda J. Shinkle. born in Ohio, 

ill. 1(), 18:if). came to Iowa in is;58,died 
, , pril 2(), 1!I05. 

Mrs. Sophia Cornell, born in Ohio 
\pril M, 1822, came to Mariiioket* in 
I 51, died April 81, 1005. 

William Shinkle, born in this Co ,Au- 
; ist 1, 1870, died May 12, 1005. 

Josie Goodeuow, born near Ma(}uo- 
■ ita Juno 24, 1801, died in California 

ay 20, 10O5. Duu^'hter of a pioneer. 

Sarah E. Harp, born in Ohio I'Y'b. 2".>, 

20, died in Maiinokctu May 22 10(^5, 

I old .settler. 

Sendol Scar-s, born in Mafiuoketa Nov. 
1855 die.fl in New York City May 2;), 
I '05. 

John Hoot, born in Penn., Sept. 27, 
) 2\), came to Iowa in 1852, died May 2i, 
' 05. Pioneer. 

Eunice Decker, born in N. Y. Au- 
. ist 1, 1812, died in Delmar June 17, 

• 05, un early pioneer of Ma(iuoketa 
.lley. 

Mrs. Julia Erown Dunliam boi n in N, 

• . Nov. 11, ISll ciiiiit! to .Ma(|uol.eta in 
' is, died in Dcs Moin<'s .luiie lO. 11M>5, 

pioneer and a noOin woman. 



Letters n47ii,-.ilcn Who Were In- 
vited to ho I're^ent al the Uii- 
Veilin«; ofihc Colonel ('ox 
.Moiiimient.July'l t h, 'O.S, 
Bill Could not he 
i^resent. 

B^(nlu.^e Col. 'J'homa.s (^(t.\ had Ixn-n a 
pionet>r lawmaker, u mcmOer fiom 
Jack.son countv ro liorli Iiou.m's of the 
Iowa Territorial Ii'^msIhI urc ,i M[)i'ak<'r 
of the House and Pri>idi'iir of the Coun- 
cil, and a maker of early lowii liistor^' 
formal invitations to br i.treM'jjt al the 
unveiling' of his mouummi w>'ru sent to 
the (;Jovernor, to tht^ Ei'-iil •■iiaii t Omv- 
ernor as president ofilu' Si'fiutc, to ull 
prest-nr meml)erH of the House of Ki |)rf.- 
sentative.s of Iowa, to all .surviviu'_r < x- 
sprakers of tiic Houm', t(j all uicniOLT.s 
oft e Iowa Piohici- Lass'iuik-t'i-s As-,M(i- 
ation (those who sc^rved niorii tlian 
twi'nty -tive ye.irs ajro), ro all survuiui; 
ex-member.s of tiu; bnva lem.-.l.ir uic fion\ 
Jackson county, to all oIlictTS uf the 
Historical De])arfmt iit of Inwa. fotluj 
oflicers of the low.i Si.ife Historical .So- 
ciety, to the surviviu;^ cOiildicn and 
piand -childriui of Col (,'ox, and to the 
survivin;.; .lackson county Ti'iritorial 
PionetM-s. tin y In in;^^ colic. i;,'ucs of ("ol. 
Cox. 

Hespon>ies in pcrsou or by letter were 
received from a maiiiiity<d' these invi- 
tations Amon|j^ tho.-e received l)y letter 
were t he following.,' : 

.From f he ( JoveriK.r of Iowa: 

Executive ot1ici\ J)cs Moins Iowa. 

,lune 2llh, 1005. 

Mr. Harv(\y lleid, 
Maquoketa, Iowa 

My di'arSir: l bef( to acknowh dut^ 
your invitation to aiiend the exerciM.s 
cojinected wiili (he unvediii;,' of a monn- 
nu-nt to the Hon. 'rh(ur.as l'o\. oue ot 
the pionei rs of the v,e-t. ll would r've 
me },'real plea.- urc to he pie-ent up. m .^^o 
and lo expies.s 

n. v _ • ir t hove hoMi; 



/ 



men and \V(»iiifii who l;n-,-<lif foiimlal i' >ii 
of this c-ounrry so bro.u'. inid di;<'n tliat 
th»; sracrnn: wo arc l)ail(liiiK in latiT 
times is sccui c. . 

Uut'ortiiiialcly, howcvrr, I proiuisffl 
loii^i a^o to (lidiycr an address at Malvm n 
Oil July -1th and therefore cannot Ijc 
with you. 

Wirli hi^h re^'urds, I am, 
Yours very truly. 

ALl'.KJil' B ('lm.mi.ss. 

I*^rom th<^ liieuronani (lovcnior: . 

JuiK! -Jl, l!)0."j. 
Your in\ il at ioii tn Im,' prt St-nr at the 
unveilin;^' <>( vhe nionunu'jit to the Hon. 
Tiios. ('ox, Pionci-r eii i'/> n rji t'islatui- of 
this state July -Ith, ll/Oo is recrivfd [ 
sincerely rej^ret my inalnlity to bo pres- 
ent on this occasion. I desirr to otVer 
luy con;4'rat ulal ions to 3-ou and t j^ood 
p(jO[)le ot .lac^son county on prrix'tual- 
iu^ the, nienory of tin- pioneers, who, 
by their personal bravt;r\', patriotism, 
and wisflom, 1 aid riiii founrlat ion of our 
(State so Ijroad and v.eep tliat our c(uisti- 
tution and laws have won the eoniuion- 
dation of our wisest statesmen and ha\c 
been copied in many of our si->iei stares. 
Rcspec fully yours, 

John llKinnoTT. 

l-'roin tho Secretary of A <,'ncul t nre, 
member of I he Iowa House, iMiS. and 
Spciikcu- in I ST'J : 

l-)epartnu!nt of Ajnieult ure, 
Ollico of the Si eref ary, 
Wushin^^ton, 1). ( '., 

June -SA, 11)0."). 
I would V('ry f,'rearly . n joy meeruiK' 
with the KCOfl peo|.]e of .Mi>(|uoUeta. and 
^.specially t he pioneers ( .f 1o\n a on t lie 
Foiirfh of .)ulv next, but e\.ienn^: oMi- 
cial dutie,-, will (in vent j,|e fr.iin h avin;: 
tho (leparnueni at t hal t in\> . nnieli lo 
niv re}:rer I thank you e(Uili dlv for 
the invii ition to attend an. I wiinevs tlie 
unveiline of the c 'o\ mon u men i . 

Very ttidy your-, 

.l AMI S Wll M.N. .S, 



From ! len. Jolin A. Kasson, M.C. 
]Mi:;-l,s(l7, and l.s7;i JSW; memb.-r lov.a 
House isiiS : 

The Wesrpoi-i liui, 
Wesr])0rt-on Ivaki- ( 'ham{)laiji . X. Y., 
July 1, i;ii>:,. 

Your letter invitinj^^ me to th(> cele- 
bration of tlie Irh of July, when a mon- 
unicnt is to l)e ercr-ted in iionor of Tho> 
Cnx was forwarde'd to me liere Irom 1 )( s 
Moines and received yesterday J great- 
ly regret my inabiliry to be with y(m 
on that (jccasion, l.>ein«( (still to we.;|-: 
from sur;.,'ical (jperation to v. nt nre (Ui -o 
lon;^' a journey. 'L'here no duty i 
would undertake m.iie ciieerfnlly th.m 
that, of hoa(.ri:ii; the men who so nobly 
laid the foundation of our st.itc. ( )\ir 
dtdjt to thi'in is great and endurim: In 
the midst of hardships und embara-»- 
ment of wriich the active e,.neralion of 
the.-.e prosperous times lias little know- 
ledge,, tliey marked out the iine^ n p. .i ; 
wiiich lown has steadily advanced i' 
lier preseuil prosperity and distinction 
fimong th.; stares of t.'iC Union. 'Do -e 
line- thr-y hud down havo |,Mven u^ 
state un.surfiassed in j)ublic mor.ilily, in 
intidligrnce, in general edui'afion, an ' 
in fi-eedom tromthe taint of '"jriMtt 
Iowa i> adaptul l»y natur.' for a::riv'u 
tur<\ and lias Inn'onie tlu' garden spv)t k. 
the Union. She is not adapted lo man 
ufaciures, ;lnd will never be (U-uradefl 
let us hopi>, liy the centers of vice am 
iinijiorality t hat i h '.racteri/.*' gn at citus. 
I pray that our slate may be content-, d 
with her agrienliural life for whieh the 
liioneers |»av( d the \say ; and saiisljed ti» 
(h'velop her ])ro-|it>rit y on the lities wbieh 
s. cure pros|)eriiy rothe rnu^ses of rb.> 
people, without \hi'. ambition for gi-.ti 
fot turns and speculative venture-.. The 
timewdl come wbr-n sueh a state t an 
>av e t he I nioM I roiM de tn>)ra 11, '..Un.n aiid 
f,id,,re iiy the joree of her «'\ampb» ,ind 
t hi' (| ualit y ol' her ieati* rship 

1 b. g to e\prc.v-; my symp.iMiv wilii 
your eibiri to pre<er\(» (he nu-morr ttf 
phin» er ami pat not. 'J'homas t'o\ 
\'ei ;\ I'ordially \«'m < 

.)(MI\ A l\ \ a«N 



( 

Y\-on\ FiX-Govenior Larrabee, Stiitu 
Senator 1868-1882: 

Clermont, Li., Juno 2:5 11)05. 
Accept tiianks for the invitation to at- 
tend the uuvoilinf,' of monuineut to flon. 
Thos. Cox. We all owe much to the 
early settlers of this sttito, and 1 am glad 
indeed that your people show their ap- 
preciation of it by this monument in 
nioniory of one of them. 

Yours truly, 

Wm. LA.HRAin:i:. 
From Hon. A. R Cotton, speaker of 

Iowa House 1870: .M. 0., 1871-1875. 
San Francisco, Cal,, June 27. '05. 

Remembering^ me v/ith an invitation 
to attend the exercises of the unveiling 
the monument to Hon. Thos. Cox, pio- 
neer legislator iu Illinsirt and Iowa, is 
highly appreciated 

It v,'Ould bo a great pleasure to bo 
pre.sont on that occasion to join in pay- 
ing tribute to the memory of the dis- 
tiugni^hed pioneer in whoHO honor the 
monument has been erected, and to 
meet my lonj.^ tinje fncnd.s who are to 
participate iu this memorable event. 

I retain a deep interest iu Iowa and in 
anjtliinn' connected with itvS early aot- 
tleuieiit, beiufi: sometJiinf,' of a pioneer, 
having arrived at D.LVi iiport, I(nsa,with 
my father's family, May 5, ISM, and 
nm altio a pioneer in California, crossed 
the i)lains with an ox team from DeWitt 
Iowa, to California in 1811). and on 
the journey became ai^quaintud with 
mauy citizens of Maquokota and viciii- 
Ity. 

Wifjhinfj all a happy reunion on the 
Fourth. Truly yours, 

AYLini R. Cotton. 

From Hon. S. S. I'arwell, State Sen- 
ator, 18t;(;-()8; M. C. 1881-8;?; Major IHst 
Iowa. 

Monticello, Iowa, Juno 22, I!H>5. 

1 lhank yoti mo.it sim'oirly for your 
iiiMluiioM touttt^nd tlio pubhc c.xt'rciHtis 
lUtcndiuf; tho unveiling of a monument 
'0 tho lion. Thomas Cox, July Uh m^xt. 



It would \;.,.unl nuj grt'at pleasuri' to 
accept your invitation, but I fear the 
state of my ht^ilth will prevent my be- 
ing with you I have made arrang*;- 
ments to go to a hospital to undt^r;/o an 
operation next Saturday, and can hardly 
expect to be in condition to bo with yf)U 
iu so short a tiniH I t'oriuerly had a 
great many warm friends in Marjuoke- 
ta aud it would b.i a delight to meet 
those who are liviug again. The last to 
pass away. I believe, is Mrs. Julia IJun- 
ham. 

Thanking you again I remain. 
Siiicerely yours, 

S. S Faiiwkix. 

Froui Hon. Jolm Ivussell, sjx^aknr 
Iowa House 18t)S; Auditor of State 1871- 
85; oldest surviving ex-s{)Baker. 

Onslow. Iowa, .July 1st, U/05. 

Some time ngo I received with pleas- 
ure your kind inviiation r(» join the 
Jackson County Historical Socii'ty and 
the Maquokfta Vall«jy Pioneer aud Old 
Settlers Society iu d(ung hlnjor to tlie 
Hon. Thonuis (Jox I am still in hoi>es 
of being able to attend the unv( ih>ng 
cermony, but am in fear thattln' infirm- 
ities of agti may prevtmt my doing -o I 
take this means of e.xpress'ug to you my 
apreciation of your courfsy arid uIm) to 
t-xjuc-s ihi' tullnt -iS (if niy svmpatliN in 
thi^ propositi gathering 

It is a common thing to errtvt monu- 
ments to the memory of herrn's who 
havt) served their country on the litdd of 
battle and lu tl)e halls of our natiotial 
capitol, but it is lit and proper that fu- 
ture generations should learn that tlu^ 
heroic pioneers, who by their vn<Mgy 
and ability, enduring, rujrgt d. and all 
HulTicient, have lu wn out of tli»> ro\jgh 
and have determin»nl the destiny of (uir 
bt'lovt'd Iowa, shoidd lear.i thatlhrir 
woi th and gMMfnrss havo beon a)\pre- 
idaled by thrir own proph^ in thi n- own 
<Mmimu!iity . 

Tlie Hon. Th>/s. C(i\ was awoMhjr 
ri«pu'>en(aliv«i of th«< mrn to wh(>)u we 
owe our present jkmum', prosptTiiy and 



ll 



hiip[)ir)e-is M.iy cli-' luo-mififtir, ('r(.!ct- 
erl 111 his iiouor, iiispiio many aiuitluT 
cit zeii ro ^iw ;is \\c >:avi' of his srrt-iij^'r h, 
his e* ei'f,'}' and his biain in tlic scrs'ico 
of his coiuiiry, his statL' and his com- 
munity 

Sliould tliH fk'sh \)r()\v w vdU, and the 
wc'i^'ht of iucrt'a?)inrr years piovcut my 
bcin^; with you be assun <i tlie spirit 
joins you on that date, -.vith ht-arty sym- 
pathy aud wishiu},' you (nn ry success. 
Yours wry tridy, 

John J\Lssr.Li,, 

From G(m. Gronvjlh- M. Dod^^e, M. 
C, ]8G7-()0 ; hist survivin<; ('()i'[ts L'om- 
maiider of tiie Civil war: 

No. ], Broarlway, Mew Yoik, 

July 1, loor,. 

I am in receipt of your invitation ro 
the uuveilin;; of the monument to Hon. 
Thomas Cox on July -Ifh, and re^Tt t to 
say that it. w ill be impossible for mt- -o 
be present Thankiiiji you for tht- in- 
v tution, I am, Yours fru y, 

G. M DoiMJK 

From Hon John Wilson, memb.T of 
tlie losva ll(jus(i from Jackson c(uiiitv in 
18()() Mr. Wilson found hnns If a()le to 
bo present, but we quotii from his 1. ttrr 
his beaut if ul tribute to Col (Jox's unujut! 
rnon ument 

WalUi'r, liinn Co. , Iowa 

J une -.'s, 1 !i<i') 

I think it very appropriate tliat. you 
vary tlie patriotic proceeding's iM-ucraily 
iiulul}j;e(l in on th(!ever nuMnta-able 1th 
of Jul)' with the iuterestin;^ and impos- 
ing ceromony of displaying: to your citi- 
zens of Ja(;usou country a mfinorial stone 
erected to on(i of tht^ county's earliest 
servants. It would seem that the mon- 
ument is composed of on(! lai j^e '^'laiiite 
boulder- a namolitli carried l>y Nature's 
icy river thousands of years af,M from 
distant mountain ran;;es and laid do\s n 
on a spot near to wiiere it coul l be rai- < d 
as a characteristic monument to one of 
Jackson county's pioneer nobl< men It 
seiMMS unue(M'Ssary for the art i- lie hand 



of tlie sculptor to put many tiid>hinL' 
toueli.'s ro the stone. The rul)!jin^', 
^'riudin';, dressin;,', sawiiif^, planin;:,buv- 
inj: been many years a<.,'o slowly an<i pa- 
tiently executed in .Mothei- Nature's 
great genlo^'ical work.>hoj) It was h ft 
where; you found it so artisticall}' pre- 
pared for your purpose by the icy h.irid 
of one of tiie earliest ^daeiers that .-low- 
ly slid over the surface of our now far 
lamed state 

"We think you are paying' worthy 
tri1.)ute to ll(ui Tiiomas C(t\- in thus 
raising this monument to !iis nc incry 
It may not have tlu! imposing iippe.ir- 
auce and line fuiisii of some monuments 
that are raised to arid ])eauty tf)tle' j.uli- 
lic paries of some of our large citii's. but 
it has the Uit rit of serving tlie same i)ur- 
pose — that of honoring the memory of 
him to whom it is rh>dicated. and re- 
minding future gi-nerations of the es- 
teem in which he was lield bv the peo- 
j)le who knew and recogni/efl his wortii 
as a Uian. We know not what the m- 
scrii)tion is that you have cliiseh d upon 
this stone, hut e\t iiif tliere sliould not 
be one, its cons[Mcuous appearance 
where' it is raised, \\ ill draw atf( jjtif»n 
to its presence, and like the twlve 
stones bvouglit up from the Ij.-d toth.^ 
banks of tlie river Jonl an bv r.-pre-* ii- 
tatives of tlie tw«dv(> trih.'S of I>rat 1. liu 
([uesiiitn will l)e aske>l b\' >uce.(Mii!i.: 
gem rati(Uis, 'What mt\inet h thi-- Sttu;- - . ' 
Then the story of Thomas C/0\- will be 
repealed and r* il. rat.'d from vtMr to 
year unt il t he far oil" limit of reccu'di d 
time 

"As long time friends of JaclvM.n 
county, we ial;ii V'^i*^*^' thus fli im: 
honor to the imMuory of ihe Honorable 
Thomas Cox, a man, who as your com- 
111 it fee says, was a pioneer ol pioiicer^, 
and who in the teriilorial davs n| Jack- 
son eiiuniy did so much to givr it hu.'h 
])r''stij:e in I he Icgisl.nivr coiin>ieU «»t 
our einl'i NO state, and ofhcrwi-c help !•» 
;:ive it a start in the ri\'Mt due. noli. All 
honor to his meiuorv. 

\ Our friend. 
Joiis- Wii -<»'^ 



While ht, MiiquokftH uUeudinfj the 
c«»rt-ii}()tiy of lu, veilinjj!" thti moininient 
of Col. Thos. Cox, tiiy old-tiiuf fritAnd, 
Jiitiij Wri.'iht, look me to sl-c the El- 
hsoniiin I i)hnt»it(i 

Goiiic iijtf) iho oflice ( war, introduced 
to Mr. J. W. Kllis. Whe.) I took hi.s 
hiiiid. 1 hi^d DO idoa that I ."-hook the 
hv.nd of. l<» my rainfl, one of.laekson 
couijty'p most iiidiibiriiHi,^ tueri 1 won- 
der if the jrenerul public know what I 
me-in when I say so'f 1 ani certain you 
will say stt loo if you bie|) with him 
biH'k of his oHii^e desk arid examines the 
iinujeusG vai-iety of exet^ed iiiK'ly ioter- 
iutt-rrcitini: urtich's, vvhieh by lon^^, 
persisu-;!!! ami iiulustrioua H[)|)l)eatioa, 
ho has {.{atiuued toi./eLijL-r. U uo doubt 
came by [nitient labor and thi; t;x[ien- 
diiiirt' of iiundreds of d(dhir.s -it may 
b(5 thousands of doihu-s. Hundreds of 
raroand valuable articdos are expo^^ed 
to view on tJio walls, oi. sheiv*-^, on ta- 
bles, on ihe floor, manv of them to near 
ytaii- feet for lon^,' and safe keeping. 
Others a^ain stored away in boxt-s and 
drawer^^ out of view and yet inU;nded 
U) be Keen. 

Many articles of hislurieal irdert^st 
to Jai'kson county thai should never Ix? 
idluwt d to i:o el^ewluTe. ()lhKis aL:,iin 
of stalt^ and world wido Inipoi'tanee 
thai siu)ulil be of interest to evt ry 
man or woman, boy or j.rirl, not only in 
Maquokota, bu in the county. Tim 
wonder is that one man v/ith compar- 
atively moderate means could porr^^ildy 
uccuu) jhitc so many obji'cis of diilicidt 
iioce.sh and all of them of rare value. To 
eiuuneratr, all of these thinir-> Mr Kllis 
has t)roU)dit lo^s'elher is l>opeless. They 
are ihei-e by the thousands and aimo>t 
»^vory ai-li('lo has a lli^lory of which 
•Mr ITlis Is the especial historian. it 
U much lo b(/ iKiped ihat, t he know- 
he ha^ of i-ach thintr will not, di.5 
I'im. lie is, in tus line, what Mi . 
Clius. Aldrhdi has been to the lli.-tor- 
*'"<kl a^'oeiiiMoii of the statu of l.)wa, oi- 



Mr. Thomas S. l^arvin to the Masonic 
library and mu-^eum, an indu.strious 
collector of rare value and importunco 
aiid often of diilicult attainment 

Mr. Ellis has broucrht tofrether a 
number of articles bclonjjin;^'- to the 
few murder ea.-es that have occurred 
in Jackson county. Articles beloujj; 
iuij; to Crock and :he Cronk murder are 
in his bos.-^ession, and other articles be- 
lOn^'-iniT to Jack^on county of more 
pleasant memory ai-e shown. (inns 
from many countrie.s, Runs used in In- 
dian warfare, t:fuus used at Waterloo 
and throa}i:h Napolean's campaiKMis Ohl 
Hint lock L'uns, our civil war triiiis.evcn 
^^uus used in ancient Limes in (Jhina 
are exposed. Samples of some of his 
gUDs, not worth one dollar for use, Mr. 
Ellis has been oll'ered c-ji) for, but his 
peculiar love for such articles |)revent 
their sale al any prico thouuli thus 
teaiplin<,dy approached 

He has a line ccjlleclion of moi tar 
shells some loaded ready for their dis- 
trucLive use. Sv.ords of dillei-ent 
makes and shapes, 15olos from the 
Philippine Island, spears manufactured 
for John lirown of Ossiwattom fame 
and many articles of warfare are there, 
ail of instructive value. Many samples 
(d* mineral, spt.'Ciiiien-.- from Iowa mines 
and other stales and c< ,Mnlries. Shells 
and other sea relics in ;:reat variety. 
Many household artiides of the early 
davs, Indian relics and one of the (ine.^l 
displays of arrow Ik ads in cxisleni:o. 
so'iie of them the (ine-i that have ever 
been found are there. A lat>:e variety 
of stutVed l)ird?> and animals, a son of 
Mr. l-lllis beiriij a ta\id< rmist. <^>idle 
a huye show of Confederate script i.^- 
siu'd l>y the millions of dollars tiytho 
Conlcileracy to help !«ever llie bond."* 
Ihat hound our country tot'etlur in 
tht i.'arly sixties. Many vdd eoins from 
many (dd countrict^. S.ime line snui- 
ple-> of teet h and tione.s of ext itu'l uhf o- 
ililuvian ytmnals, and rare L'Onloi'ieal 
spt cimons In j,'reul vaiity. I ocunc lo 




JOHN WILSON 
PIONttR LAW ri'.AKLR OF JACKSON COUNTY 



enumerate You mii&t see for yi>ui t»t'lf 
to have any conception of the number- 
less articles he has {J^athered for your 
inspection. Do call and set; iheiu.They 
contaiu lessons of much educational 
usefulness and will well ro()ay you for 
time spent there. 

Why should the people of Maqtlo- 
keta and of the county too for that mat- 
ter, sulTer such ao immense, rare and 
valuable museum to bo stutVed and 
hidden away in tjuch crowded quarters. 
They are worthy of a place in ii build- 
ing erected for their- especial safety 
and exposui-e. Let the board of Su- 
pervisors of the county visit the mu- 
seum aod find out what they can rec- 
ommend in this mutter. Let the cit- 
izens of Maquokota look after it to. [t 
is all to{,rether to valual>le to be ne- 
fjlected. In the mean time could not 
floor rem be give>n to it in your li- 
brary buildintj. Ciood spiicc might ho 
profitably spared there for many years 
yet. Why not ailend to it nowy Un- 
less something can be done soon to 
give better encouragement to Mr. KUis 
in his splendid ett'ort I fear he may 
And some other city who would bo 
glad to bargain with him for its pos- 
session. Yours, 

John Wilson, 

FlvMKNl) Ol' .IaCKsON rOl'N TV. 

From (k)1 Sanuu-l Wallace Durham 
of .Vlarion( who was urcsent). 

Marion. Iowa, July 1, I'.io.t. 
I mot Ool <, 'ox at Iowa C'lry w hilc he 
was Sptiaker of the Territorial Mouse of 
Riipnisentative.s Like him, I was of 
Kentucky stock, and an (uvrly Iowa pio 
neor and was actpiaiutt'd with a good 
nmny of (he .laekson eount}- p(M)ple in 
the early forties, and survevfd two ter- 
ritorial roiids tli(rc. 1 was United 
States deputy surveyor, having in the 
euuaeity of acoutraeror from the Sur- 
iveyor (ieneriil, surveyed (>ontraels in I,") 
I dilVerent ('(mnties in the t.rritory and 
«tat(\ ineludi Ii;; t 111' disinet where tlu^ 
'"ity of Des Monies is mnv situated. Sur- 




veyed ,ilso ,1 Jiir;^c di>rrii f l).)r-l, n i^' on 
Lakf P.'piii aiifl (_Mnppe\\ a nv -r I 
>ervc(l its a lueiiibiT (»■ the First Iowa 
'L\'i-ritori,il (loiisiitut io!i (^ouvent'on in 
IN-Il, aiifl am the only on.- of that, body 
now K'tf . 

.Samli:l W. Dlmuiam 

From ('ol (^oxs' only surviving rlaugh- 
ter : 

H<.]lywood, Calf.. .Tune 21, l!H)r>. 

I ani the recipient of your most es- 
teemed h'tter and hasten to acknow- 
ledge r same You may pi-rhaps real 
i'/e, the iiv>'nt satisfacrioti and jilea^ure it 
would give me ro lie present at. the un- 
yeiling of mv lather's monument, Jnly 
•Itf). ]!)()."). It will be the regret of my 
life, thaf owing to tiie uncertain cond.- 
tio't of my iiealth F will hi: ufiabh^ to 
undertake the long journey. Hui 1 wish 
you to uriflerstand how snicendy I ap- 
preclatf! all your kuiduess, even though 
I cannot st-e you to thank you in yi'-rson. 

Trusting that you will favor us with 
full particuhir.s of the ceremony at a 
later date, 1 am, 

Very sincerely yours, 

Pn<.)KJiK Cox. 

I'^rom Thoma^ Vl. Nichols, grandsoc 
of Col. (Jox : 

Los Angeles, Calf., June -JS. lI)n.^. 

Your lavor withiM)clo>ed invit.uioiif 
to bt' di>ti it)uted duly rec'eivi'd, and im 
medi (fely attendi'd to. 

My unch'. S B Cox, is at present suf- 
fering from an acute attack of lumbago 
He desires uie to expre-s to you lii.^ 
thanks for what is being done in honor 
of his father, and to say th;it he wili 
write you .is M)on as ht> recovers. 

It is ujifoi tunate that the -hori notici 
we have h.id pre\ents any of 'he grand 
children, living here, from af'cepiinr 
your invitation .My two taidhers an 
living iM Mexico, and my two sisfi>rs in 
San .Franci>co 

l«'or myself , I wish to th.ink \ lai f.a 
your inieri >ts ;\nd iMforis. and would 
ask that you jth a^e coin ev to all tlnvst 
assislin;: in f he eeremonn - my deep ap- 
preciation of the honor sho\v n the mem- 



ci. I, my trrand'ather, Col. Tlios. Cox, 
a-; thiit I regret excoediiij^ly my ina- 
^ to accept the inviration to be with 
Houor shown the memory of a 
\ ,hy citizen not only redounds to the 
-■t it of those sho\vinj4 that honor, but 
11.';.. serves as an examphi for the youup 
ol ricceding generations to so liye and 
ac". us to merit the approbation of their 
f}!' w citi'/eiis. 

Cordially yours, 

T. E. NiCHoL.s. 

] rom Jonathan 11. Scott, grandson of 
Go; Cox: 

Los Angeles, Calf., June :2S, 1!)05. 
.V!r. Nichols has handed me. your letter 
f. ; .im of the 20th iiist., together willi 
ill' printed invitation to me to attend 
flu; exercises on the uuveiliug of a uion- 
V.' eut to my grandfather, Col Thomas 
C, :, on the 4tli of July, next. 

i would gladly be present on the oc- 
t 1 ion if circumstances permit ted it, but 
I itii afraid that it will be impossible for 
vu to indulge my earnest and sincere 
A^iiro in regard to this nuiiter 

and the other members of my fam- 
'1', , who live in California, are under 
jrsat oblif,Mtions to you for your active 
ci.'orts in bringing about tlio removal of 
hii renniins to a ptrtnanent rt^tiiig 
pi ice, us well us the tuection of tiie niDii- 
iiiaont to commemorate his life ; audi 
ti.ank you very much for what you 
h.ive done. 

It had long been a wish of mine to se- 
cure title to the farm on which my 
grandfatlier was buried, and of whicli I 
'/ id hejird my motlier speak from my 
I irly boyhood, and I Jiad inte nded goiug 
1 ick to tho place with a view of malving 
i'Kluiiies ami seeing whetlu-r somcthiiig 
k ould be dont) to preserve the grave. l)ul 
10 opportunity neviT uirived. Vou, 
owever, have done about the bi'-,f thing 
hat could be (lone; for, had the f.iini.or 
Otiie land on wliieh thi; grave was lo- 
■Ueil, been bought and In ld by the fain- 
y there might have been con- iilei iMn 
U'onvenienco muMisiuned by nw Dii of 



the sale of the i)rc»0'U-fy for taxes in case 
the parties int- rented did nor look after 
that matt r, and with regaid to kft*ping 
the grave in proper condition. All of 
this trouble is avoided by making t la- 
interment in a public cem' te y, and it 
seems to me ;hat this is the best tiling 
under the circumstances. 

My sisters, Mrs. Harriet Taney, Mrs.. 
Emily Smith and Mrs. Uowen t Mc- 
Ewen, will also be unable to atttaid, al- 
though I know that tliey would like 
very much to be th^re 

Again thanking you for your kindly 
inretest and elVoris, I am. 

Very truly your.<. 

J. U. Scott. 

Erom a grand daughter of C(^l. Cok : 
Los Angeles, Calf , Juue 21), llio."). 

Your invitation to the nnveilin-j of a 
monument to my grandfatlu r, Colonel 
Thomas Cox. is at iiand. 

In expressing my sineerest regrets at 
not being able to be present. I wish to 
say that 1 ficl myself undt-r obligations 
to the Jackson County IIi.-,torie.il Socie- 
ty, and the Macjuoketa Valley l'ione<-rs' 
and Old Settlers' Society, for the honors 
to be paifl to my gr.indtat her's memory 
1 am the witlow of Col f. K Dankle- 
berger. U. S army (retired) and tiie 
eldi'St dauglitt r o\ the late Josi-ph StiU- 
man Mallard and C'ordcha CJox Mall.ird. 
I was born in Andr(HV, Jackson county. 
Iowa, and am proud to be a native of a 
state where men are of such stability 
that they r.inembcr the virtues of a man 
after he has been dead (il years. 

Very siuci rely yours, 
M.vuv M ni:Ni;Ki.i:i;uKi:ii. 

From Hon. liodiii'y A. Smith, jueiu- 
lier of (H iu ral Assembly bstlN.Vii-e rre«»- 
idiMit Iowa IMoneer Lawmak»TS a^sixMa- 
li(ui. .Mr. Smith was fme of the party 
\s ho rescued t he ,su r V 1 vor>. of llie. Spirit 
I ma.s>;aerc in I s.o . 

( )koboji. Ill , Juiicv ".'s, I 

Dear Sir: Your invit.iiioii to meet 
with the .laclvxMi Coumy Hi.-toiioal tso- 



,•1' ■> .11. (i ( ^•. trl.T.-' 

sM 'i ii iiui >Mi 1 111' iicra ii'.n ,,i I nil \ ' 

l;,.. wt . Ill- Ml') ll'M. Ill IM i i. Ml i ll. < 

T cfiv.-ii ..ii'i ( nun ;i r,iM,\-; r ii.ir I. imm 
co.Miiily \\ ii li i: N iiMiiii: of li'-r 
rliifiu'- ir l>ri!i;;s .is ulis' lo :;-i im^iI ,i 
lirml-r ( ).'i'>l)iT luovjiiiu 111 tl.c l-'.iH of 

iSr.ti s%-|l( n Ml. (no! .tiiil plolK . I ri.-ii. I ir 
.iinl al iiio; t J..- iiilc-s. I vtaiTcu t'l'Mm ! 
liiK] 111' to (..Mi.ir liaiiiiU iii --t arcli i.r, [ 
li.iiill v k;u'\v V, lial I iiiia'.'i ■!(• t iiar m 
t hoM' rai') y <iay-. in.itiv an i;li(r Dm-.-i'IimI 

tllfSMMf fl.illlllJ t llf SaiMC 11 iiiilt li.-l- 
1. .S^ "sS'.l \ . 

YiiUMrclo lia COillTai 11 111 I fi 1 oil fhc 

f;u-r lluif \ ou livc 111 ;i r(;ini iu;iils w lur.' 
Mm pruiilf • I I'laHi^Ji iun ! ■ >t in i li' ir 
])ifnii-i'r i;i<f '.)•>• l() o)'^'ani/i' anil niaiii- 
t,)iii a x'li'i' r\-, M'l viir^ t'l .;• i! ; ol.j. rl . » !a- 
|,tri'M rv;(1 idli of 1 his lnNr'ii'\- atni H > ; i .iiis- 
iiiis-inii lo future ij,«'iiiTat i'li!:, hon- 
or roth" I'iirly Di nMi'is of JouM. liu- 
(i;iM;.;rrs lln'<, luavcti, rhc ha:(h;)ii| ^ tlif\' 
(•ii(li:r''(l, till' |)ri\',i I i"'.',-i rh'-y .^nil'i i.'U 
<uiil thf ol)-( u'lr.>. siiriuoiiiio (1 forma 
rlinptrr iii I he hi.-, lory af our ii iMc ^lalr. 
l.'tli iiniijui' aini in i I'l' lu':, ami oiu' 
svhii'li may '.\^^\\ ti ni. r the hiis\- iliroiti: 
I .f I oil ay 1 1) (I rop i or i hn t iiim h-; ti;.: t Ipm r 
uriiiiiar>' vocilma-, hath'-v v>,'h:,i rli. \- 
iiia\', aiJ'l to I :ill ap the o.'i a-aiit lann- 
(•i ii > >>t I hr (I t-l , to li\ r <r:< V a'.:alil 111 
:n;a;',in M loii i lU' ii,;n,_\ \' m- . in.; \ u \ 
t U.lr.-, nl I he pii.-n I'f li.lV.- 

I Jur pi. nil rriii.^ a> » \''m!.lili. '1 m i la 
t'avl\- lii^-tiM-y of Tov,' t i-, a il'.iii','- oi iiir. 
p i->l. Tln! covi'!!'.! \\a.r.ai Iviio '. n a- I'.a' 
•'praira- .-oln i. iiu r, " ilr;i'«, i\ |.\ i hn r or 
t'onv yoK-i' (\i ■^liiw nli.il.iiau' oxi'ii .im! 
follow'il l»\ a ilrov. of lo'.'-" < ww I" inori- 
or Ir:^-- 11 mm i'. ai^ in co' i 1 1 1 1 l . > ; h' iia ■ i : s 
<t[ I 111' owm r, ami l).-:irin;: I he lamilv 
;hi(I 1m m-i 111 ■.{ 1 la I .il-, i -om. ;i ini ;.■ .n I • 

11 1 .;r- I- lo . .Ill I a'>-o: . il 'i - •\ ■. I,, iv-' or 
'•I iviMii thai he h.i - II. or o; w hi.'h la- 
lias hi-.ii'il. tin lo hiiiiil a h.Miia ami 
TA' I'l i|.'\ I'l.ipna \\'.<, 1 - no oi'.lv a m. m- 
or\ 

'I'll.' Imi„: |. llama ilnvi < lo ilav ami 
till' ,io!l\ oai iph.o h\ iiiylil iioumi 



^•■hi<-!i ..al n. tv.i I 1.. v; i.r.ly >,u\ 
lai\.'m ; ij i.- i.'f t!a » oi.aif, .. 

Imr a oa a- oil n .••t.;h ai ion. 'lIi-' 
<li r ol iia.-> pa.-^.-'t il ass ay a/i 

the in ir_iij aiioii of i h.- m -.w I he 
iv-an piom t r i.T n i^-in;,' diwn ai 
j''o!- in'ar t ait r. hum: r«- I \ < ir.'- In- ] 
( iipii ;i a proiulia iit placi- ia i fm loi 
of Amariran lii.Mory. hi.-^ (ii , 

nnml;i i;",i. As w loal: a\v ;iy 
\s (■.■,! , 'A f an- fi.r il)J\- i . niitni.'( 
t lii'Va no Jon;/- r an .\ n.ari.-aii ti 

.imi Wllfil thr flOllf iar ; h lii liavc 

iiway tin- pirain r will onl;,- iivi- 
fojy. 

W'l.-him^; vou a nioa ii.r.'ia^iiii^' 
sioii. a i»ro.-;;)i'r< '11- i-a'T.-r lor 

1 li.^toi leal .>orirfy. 1 ) amain. 

^'odi > 1 nil \-, 

liooM:^ A. S.Mir 
Mcmt.ar !-.'.h C A ! 
Vi''f Pr--, Piom f r La ■,-m ila r-, A.- 

t ion. for 1 ! 1 ij < 'o'lt' 1 'i- r . 

f >ir.*Mnitli ]i.i> l).-( i| M) '^ant roii" 
l-ri.-^- nr ((> ila- 1 1 loir al S ».it t\' i 
of Iii-; rxrallaiir tor\ of D'u k 

( 'oiin;>-. Iow a." \\ ha ll •■oniam . i 
full a.-.'ouiii oi ihr Spit ir Lai.. I , 
ma--.i''ri', ami « 1 1,.- i ijp..r lil.-d . 
iiii'..-^ of rhi' n aiiii!.' p irl\' ii'.nM 
j)o.l-.;i.- aial Wi l-tcr ( ;ilv. I'll-- \a 
ha-1 1).-. II pl.a-t .1 aiam tin l.ia: 
Lo 1;- I I Mm' I; i.ir'.'.Mi.o. 1 .il.rai >■ aiic 
\\ i ll J". p.iy rn-.il. i 

I' jMia "'i 1 \ .\. I) .lioh rt a M : 

\V i>lit I, ia., .hin.' j; . lit 
hi ai Sir : \ n\\y it ,. t i< .n i 
tianl ! 'a.' t \ t, :■. - of i p.- nn\« ilii 
1 la' ni' UMiiM. n I < I Ion . Ti; )■;. i 'o\, . 
(1 i - , .1. 1 'ai .n r iia' to I ''1 oil; 

i!'.v:ta'io,,, iml \ m.i\ .i-.u;.- v 
1 1'.ii iy .ippr> < lata I li.' Iiomn 
li\ your U:mll\' i. tm ini i.im . . Imr w 
,ii t i 1^ t im I niu -I <l . Ion ami f<. 
tha p!« .1 • nr. it \\ <.nl'l • i\a' «ii(> t« 
pii m ami I' ll I i' \p,, I,' ill I in' • mti 
ol ! Ill- HI ni.i'.-.'l o. .• . I. .n 

I -hall V. ; on ,ti . ., ■ n . lo 
(•a.| MO no h. 1 1 r I h.. n |. • r • . . ntt 
I la' o. (. ol .HI. I I \', : -a 



you all th(- suc-CL'sS in f.diiiifction wirli 
the celeoiation, thur you niosr ardt'iitly 
hoped fOi. X luive tiu' iKHjor lo hn 
VtTy rruly youis, 
• Mijs. Alkx D. Ivop.r.i: rsoN. 
Daughter of John S. l^rii^^'s, K^'and- 
daughter Gov. Aii^t l H^if.'}.^s. 

From Hon. John Hilsinjj:t'r. Srari' Sen- 
ator from Jack.son couiiry ISfi-] to ISiKi. 
Judge Hilsia^er's Jo^^isiivc stTvi(?(,' ante- 
dates uny orhor survivini,' cx-nieuibtT 
fro)a JfWJkson coiuiiy. 

Sabiila, loNva, July ]!)<V) 

Dear Sirs: 1 rt'crivi^d your kind in- 
vitation to be |>i-;'Sfnr at a nircrin;^ of 
tho Pioneers' and Settler.-.' association, 
aud tlie unveiling of the nionunuMit to 
Col. OMio.s. ('ox, ono of the, ancient law- 
miikei's fioni .faekson county, on -July 
4th, HtOr"). at Maiiuf)K-efa. Iowa, in duo 
time, and permit me to ext end you and 
the otlua* mt_'m1)ers of tht^ ii.vitafion 
Comniiftt'O and tlu^ as:-ociation,niy j^'iMtc- 
fol tlianks for the hame, and 1 re;^'ret 
very much rtiat circnm-^tances were M.ch 
that it was inipt.'ssible. for nut to Ije pres- 
ent, but not bein^^ sun,' whether I could 
or not, I delayed a)is\\erin!^ until now. 

It is a ^'reat honor to any man to have 
Ko faithfully and ably discliarj^'ed his 
duties as a h i^islator, confei'i'i'd uuon 
liiiu by the pi ople of .lack>..n eouniy, as 
lt)uiei it llieir comnuMida! ion, ai pro- 
posed to be expre^.-,t (1 on .lulv 1th, r.M)."), 
by the erection and ini\-eilij.>; ol' a nion- 
muent eroiMud U) the name and honor of 
Col. Tlioruas Cox, afur .-o many Ncars 

I became a resident of Jaek^on county 
in July, ]s:)S, and was electtd by tlu; 
good people of ,Iack>on county to the 
lowtv Senate ai the i^-ruM-al election in 
I'^'i'K aiul I s.TVed in (iic Iowa Senati a> 
Senator from Jack>on cunty in ih.' (wo 
H'ssions of l^iil ;,,nl I Ml.;, ,,nd I knew 1 
tried to diriclMr;.:e th.> duliesof thai lion 
arable po-iiion, coiiscu ni iou^ly and to 
bent of my ability, if not to tie- eii- 
fl"'! sati'ifaet ion of t ;e- pe. iple. 

i feel very ^;rali i iil to t he [)eo]ile of 
J.ek;vOii ( ounty for the many po-iiions 



of honor and tru>riheyh ve conf.-n<M: 
u[)on me. unsolicit'Mi on mv [la t .-inc.- 
I have been a rf sident of th»' count v. lor 
1 ne\ f r seas a ])oli( ieiaii in the ^r-ux- (jt 
seeking'- olUce 

My chief ru^ire so far as bemj^ a citi- 
zen of the county is to (tonduC" mysidf, 
for the ff'w remrdnMiiT yt'ar.^ [ mav be 
p.ermitted to live, that when the end 
shall come, I will merit ii>e contith'nce 
and i^o id will of all the ;_'o(;fl pc^j h- of 
the county : for I don'>r e\o, (;t add l/avM 
no desirt; to i han^o: my re-id-nee .lack- 
son county ami its {X'oph- an- ^'ood 
enough for me ami as ^'owd as I de-iru 
for the remainder of my life 

And again thanking you and thos«! 
who are associated w ith you in tin* Pio- 
neer association for your kind invitatian, 
1 am, 

Very res[)ectf idly v(uirs, 

J IIir.MN(,i:R 

From Prof. L i''. Parker, profe>.-or of 
History in Iowa c(»lb-ge, author of wiit- 
mgs on Iowa history. 

Giinnell, la , Jujjc ^'liih, P'O.'). 

My Di;ar Sir: Thank's for tli-' honor 
conferred on me by your iii\ ir iiion ro be 
Ijnsent at tin; nnveiloig of r tc moiMi- 
ment to the [ton. J'hos Gox. piotner 
l(7.'islator of Illinois cHid Iowa. It wasa 
hai>py ihoujht that blendefl tliiv . \, r- 
ci-e the celebi.ition ol lUir national 

ind.p"'!idence, 

M ay the wi<e men who toimded our 
states be honored evermon^ a-- [lartm rs 
in the foundatiiui of our nati<in. b»\\a 
is more inliuential in (ht> nat ion t ban 
Thos. Cox iwer thom:hf it would be. 
'I'he nation is intluenciru: iiite; mo ion.il 
l)olicies more biMu ticcnt 1 y than < b <ir;.'e 
W .e^iiiiig'on ever tluuiuiit would be eith- 
er wl,-.' or po-'>ible Coxand W'a.-ijiini!- 
ton built <ialeanil nation more irlurions. 
Iv tlian tie V kn.w. lleo> of their bril- 
li.iM t , p.it not ic SI r\ u e, \\f~h.dl m \( r 
loi-^'ei how mueh we owe tin m. 

I re;:ret lh.it 1 am unable to join vou 
.iclivelv in (he loc.il btniois whieji you 
pay lo Thomas Cox and lo ihe tiiuiider> 
of our republic on .1 idv It h. 

Youts * oiili.illv. 

\. I". I'VKM.Ii. 



1 



! 



Frnu) Hoti. Mairiii .1. 'Va.l.-, .'X-M O. 
Second Disri-icr 

If)\va Ciry. la , Juix' 2\, IDO.'j 

My Dt-'ar Su : I woul.i Ik; (1( li^litcd 
to bo present ai the (■xeri'iscs. niivciliiii^ 
the nioiiuincnt ro Hon. 'JMioiuas ('ox ou 
July 4rli, if it \ver(^, i)o.>.-,il.h', bur I aiu 
en^a^^ed tor a It-crun.' at. tin- (Jlia utan(iua 
at Tamil on that day, so that ir u'ill nt)t 
bo possible, for me to attend. 

Witli lii^lu'st personal re;^Mrds, I am, 
V^.^y truly yours, 

M. J Wadk. 

Jt'rom Mr.> John S B^i^:^s, dau^diter- 
iu-law of Gov. An.-el Bri^zL'-^. 

Omaha, Neb , Jniu' '.^7, WHU 

My Dear Sir: I ackn(>\vled^e with 
gratit ude tile kind m vitat ion to attend 
tlie unveiiin;,' exercises of a monument 
to Hon. Thomas (/OX. 

I have: del( rreii ans\veri)ii< this invi- 
tation uiUil th'sdate hoping..; to secure 
transportation throu^ch n pcr.^onal friend 
of my family, but who is out of tlic city 
at presout, 

I havt; always de.-iied to visit Macjuo- 
kda and Jack-on county from the fact 
til, it it was the home of luy husband's 
family in early days ;'.nd is frau'_'hr with 
dear memories, of hicli I iiave Jieard 
so much throuj.di hun and hi^' father. I 
may assure you it v,(juld li.ive atVordrd 
me llie kecne->i \A< a-^nie to ]•>■ iircsriit .it 
file unveiliii}.: oi a monniiuMU ro so di.^- 
tint^'ui>hed and deM-rviiiLr a m.m as the 
Hon 'J'hos. \, hur which under tlu>e 
conditions J must now f(jre'.:() As I 
re;ul of the i)roiment part he toolc in the 
early history of Iowa, \ am led nt rctlect 
that his was an upr iudir and wdl ordered 
Kfe. oiH' that con.Niuutcs in it.^^ d'licacy a 
a iuo>,t cl(M|uent pi'i-vuasion to ht^^iicr 
uiid better life, and as one amon<: you, 1 
Would lit' prrmiiied ro pay honij,;e, ,iml 
revere his memory. I .nn, 

Very truly yours, 
M i;.- Ji HIS S. I .cs, 
■JSO'.I r.j-i-tol St., St a; ion A. 

l''rom Miss J':ii/a Moss. dau;:htcr of 
^lon. 'Jame,^ k'. Mo.-,^. wiio .Mwccided 
^'"l- <A).Vv as nn inl)er of the Ti rritori.il 
H"Use in IM I , 

l^i'ar Sir imkI I'^ru nd : it i> w ilh f( el- 



iiiiTs of re^'U't that owin;^' to a condition 
of ill health, it will \_n: impos.-^ible for ne: 
to nn-et Nvith you and witness the 
unveiiiii^r of rhe iuonum(.-nt to the Ho:;. 
Thomas Cox of pioneer fame and hi.^- 
tory As the sole rejn-eM'ntativ( ol inv 
dear father, James K. Mo.-s, ai:d a.- om' 
of the now all too few vi.--.--ible link.-, di- 
rectly uniting th.- pa.st of the real pio- 
neer to the every day world of the pres- 
tMit, 1 feel that it would be ^'ood to inert 
with those, who like my,->elf, are .^o cIom-- 
ly conne(;ted '•v ith lu)rh tie; i).i.-r and the 
])resent of Iowa and Jackson (.-ouiiiy, 
and with tln-m ^ix<- honor wliere honor 
is due Tlu)uj^h J can nut be with >ou 
in person, lean sympathetic. illy j<>in m 
tiie honor you show to tin.' nicmory <.t 
the man who stamls foreuio^-t m e.irlv 
hist(»ry of our county--,/acl;sf)n. 

1 thanlv' the commii tec, of whicii you 
art! cliairnian, ^'em-ralh' and yi»ur.-elf 
particularly for the renu'ml'raiu-e m.mi- 
fested so ''.indiy. \ ''rv trulv, 

' Kl.I/.A Mn.^-. 
S.ibula, Ta., June -JT ISO.") 

r— ' "" 

From Hon Samuel McNutt. : 
S.-nator jsiii to iSd), mend.er of i 
ls;.S and I MM I. * 
]\1 u,-c.atine, la., June i I. 

Dear Sir: Your kind invit.ifion " 
pre^'-nt at ihe public i \. rc:-' - .i;; 
im: t hr un\ tilin;^' of .i ni>inum« nt i • 
nu'inorN' of Hon 'I'homa- <.'o:\, pi' ;, 
1. ;.'i>laior, ( Illinois isi^, low.i Is.'- , ■ 
the comin;: 1th of July, is n cen < d. f";- 
w hich ple.'..->c .vccrpi my iluinks. 

Heiui: myself one of the '•Pione.-r 
Lawmal;ers'' of our beloved low.i, it 
woidd '^\\r me Kre.it ])lea>ure, now in 
the Mi|h >car ol my a;je, to be v. ith ><iu 
oil that occa.-ion, but ciriiumsi .mc. > will 
prevent me from beini: with vou. I am 
deli^rhfcd, howev. r. to kiiowth.ililio 
(.rood jii'oolc of J,i( k>on county .iri slill 
mindful of tlieii disi im:ui>hed d. .id. 
liopin;.: tliat you will li.ivi* a plea .-.nt 
(kiy for the e\« rci-^cs, 1 ii main. 

^ ours vriv I ml v. 
S \Ni< I I Ml .\ I M . 
I louse It- 1 7-j:i SvMi.iie 10 II - 1 •,•!.; Ki A 



l',-..!'! liui, \V. .) ^■••ir. I!r |.il,.-1 i M h- 

!:i<|.)iii. .luiM' I^u.,, 

! ),■ ir Sic ; ^'i n\v kiii'i in v ii it ioii u • he 
})i(-cnr (Uiriiii: t!ir i.uolir cX' v.-i- > ;.i - 
iriiiliui.'' rlic uii\<'ilin^r ot -i i;i'>i]uiih nr in 
liiiiiiir of 1 Ion. 'i'iios. Cox. is n•(•^ lv.•^l, 
airi]ir niy thi'nhs \i oiiuuiciii.^ ;irt' 
cit crt-il in honor ot mm t'ov nrcoi.' dn d.., 
SKiiKTlinrS loi- ivuts l'ait!ifuil>' j .i-n'' a'uK 'fl 
iiMvi >oni.'Tinu'S for woihI- bi-auiiiully 
\vi-itr<-n. 

Jii \V;isliin^t<»)i stands u iiionuinvnt 
")."/.", ft rt slv}'\v:ird lu honor (,f Irim wlio 
\\A- tivst in war. fir>t i i ihmi'c, .md tirst 
III I h'' l)|•;n•t^ of hi- rouni r>. nian. l;i uiift 
ot the p]'im-ii).il ,- tr*''t- m P);>.li iiijon- 
.vlaiuls a inonii i.ml rr.-cri d in l.^r./) to 
ihi' niory ol 'idioina^ WiK'-n, lor 
el) nir iMf ari.^ iH'riorinrd. .\nd m O.d; 
llih ciniflrry was ( rt rt rd a mon n "iciit 
l.v W. \V, ( ■orcoran, tin- ;.;nMr philun- 
thioia-,1, in hon ,'• ot John llo-Aard 
!' r. r.; wi.o iM.id'' his iiaiiM' lionon d h}- 
p' liDh s r iirou;.' iioi.i ihr riv.ilixi'd 
!d, \S ilVll hr liflllird rho.M- 1 J luirs, 
Hill' -wc( I llanii',. t hfro is no i )lai-c 
h.am:." \Vi II did h( dr->i-rvf That 
l ai itnl cpiiai^h c.irvrd oil liis nio:iu- 
iil ; 

•-luv u lii'ii thy ni -j^irii thst, 
do r^vdiai- l/i'yond rh^' .i/.\\i<- il'un^-. 
I \\\\\\ .uia~. i^ni>(.. ['■!'< d id).!'- any.i Is 



-lid. 

\\", :rom,' lo 1 h av< n'.- 1 hini ^ n t 

Ihil.!*'." 

Il i> -.w ( f't lo he r I'lih iidn rcd I hoo'' 
yon iiia v hiax'r a v.-ry cnioyahdi' liMir on 
our i!;i ' ion natal day . 

Yours n•^l.|'<•I tnllv, 

W .1 Moii:. 

I'd'oni 1 hm ( 'iirsr r ( 'oh'. ,|ndi^' of 
;•' a .'.\< I "oil ri 1 - 'li f o h-^ i 

I). -; .Mo:ii.'.~, la . .Innr i'.'o:, 

I >,Mi' .-'i: : I ha\>'' >-oar in\ io;i io 
h ' |.|, ;;l ;h.' pohlM- I ■■• o I - .il-'fl- 

Ml.;- nnv.'din'^ oi' liio i : p -n IM ; , n i > a 
1 lo'i Tho;. ( 'o\ «Mi ,i u! V !i h, - I 

! '1,1 m'\ . m. 1 Of s I r Hi s ii a i .1 .a o.d . • 



jr. 1 rii ii : ir. ,;!;,-■ i ,ir,. ^i;.-!: a- i-i 

[If' > liid-- 111 v .u '-'- [ r-'ioiil.l :. - 

liL'liI ;o he !)!• - 1:1 .i!-o lilt •■ tiv iii.uii!<->i 
ni V coioi.il ai.ii'.o. .Jo. ,..!,,, h .v-.- 

i-on I ri ' a i • d I o r 1!' r.r tiMi n;oii I and f . ; ir 
)M.i;_'-Mil_\ iii_' influ' iiro 1)1 iis u n vod . ou' 
I i id nil th-- aov ivi'ni'i- of a O'-i -iUt.d 
aiijl).;l :it ,Mc',- \', II h Ml- ( \i.v. hur 1 ll.lV 

>on\c U nowi' d'..'!' o: io- wris aif <-m,i r..<-! <•)• 
;;nd (uioli.- -i i\-a ;'.- aiio linn;; rn. _v inlly* 
.■jir-fiiy rhc -i i .> .-^oif .>f ho.-i'ir 

\s hirli -M l Ir - ^ , V 1 I ■ onna ini. - r'd-ii; 
ill at t h«- o" 1 >ii- ' !' I )■■.■>•. I lio II .( rnhs- .iji- 
jiri riar.- I iic \,d(;fc! "lie <i-iva'.-, i-i :;d- 
orr't ro r iio-i' of jn.i,:i- iron' r.ii ioi<-, l.v 
th- ir sa/ari'y. lih and ini' jri.\. 

io^\a elands (miLiv 'ncro «xdirii ilim 
sonii- of lu r --isM f r- i ati-s. h.T,jii->c oi I ic 
fail hi n!i:f ^s .'wMd inn ^jrit v of ifs nion-Tr^. 
Ti\>- lo.'. a [rioiii i rs a~; law inal-.t rs wi-v 
r''aii_\' nioro wi-^' in ih. ir (•oialn--t ihai: 
t)a-y til' 111-,' Ivi-s ats.f' C-'.aifd. Inthiir 
inirj'niv, n|ui,di; ii'-.'--- .aiiil coii'lnfi. 
I Iny CM rci-i ii .1 I'o'. nt inilu' /ici-, ami 
cvi ii in til" oi-'diar..'! nf ila ir d li.y dn- 
tii':- t hry iiiani:' d <ii) inter. ■» and . \ 
orei->"d an in!luiai''f nion- n.-.t'iM '.hir. 
they ];nt'W '1 i. ■ m in\ i iu.(„i..v i,;, ,;. 
Iowa as a ^Citi'. oal i > i.i i.ph' r:n 
/. us ai'<' md'.' d >'P . . >• a p. m i ho w i ..ion; 
and 111" I I '^f "I 1 ' iiioii. . r-- l'iM-\ tl. 
st rv-' honor .md y-..: d-i a . H j.-i i h>- oi. 
lion of t lii- in. III. un«':." to i'ii.);iia> (-.'X. 
t,i w ii.in; .Mi.l !o V. i;.-.' ^: i\ i •< > |o^\ .i i- 
lai/ol.v in.i.hi.,d 

N'oi--, 1 1 uly > onr--. 

(\ { "ol I 

1 "i , ua lion !' W ( 'rav. f-ird j.r- !ii 
Si-aaior Lroni Dahnija.- - 

M V I lo ir Sir . Pa iM' ai'<'oj't mv h. n - 
r •,• t h,a a!. loi \ ( <\w . .ti .ano.l iiivit,,ii.i;i 
to |a-. -. ii r at rho hum iliaL' ol inc 
nuHinnoaii to 1 i.-n ' h..in.:- < '"X at >' i- 
M, .) dy dh. I dio.il.. ho -V illy 
pi a- d to . or, !.(,! ;i pn >r oio .i;'.-- 
ii.oiii for ; h ii dai. 'a dd -v . lit 'i'li.- 

I o 1 I • . . • :'• • .! iMO : - 1 i.i 

M,.' ,1 ' I i\ a V. I ■ ,\ I . Hod 1 . . 

oil. oiioa ol ( 'ol ( '\ I n <;»o.nli. r. 
\v 1,, ,1 .. i 'V . ' !i r . < n .tiid In .U'l U\U\ 



I 



-s,.\k sevoral tinu-j;, oncf at least in my 
faiht-r's otlice in DabiKiuc, wht-u lie 
gave a ver.y j^raphic (le.scri[)t ii>n of tlic 
alVair at Bellevuc, April 1, is io. whon 
Brown and seven others were kUli"'il,uu(l 
of which he was a witness and took a 
prominent part. 

Tiie hist time I ever saw him was a 
my uncle's (Theoplulis Crawford, first 
state seuaror from I)ubu([ue district Mn 
New Weiu township, Dubmiue county, 
in the summer of 1S4'2, whon he was 
canvassinfj;- as a candidate of the Coan 
oil. He staid over nipht at my uticlt; s 
who was then the only voter in rhat 
(New Wein) township, now denst-ly set- 
tled. 1 was ^'reatly intcrc>ttd mi Ins 
reminiscenses of his life in IIUikms, and 
his experiences while a mendjer of the 
li'gislature of that state 

I well remember that lu- also relat- 
ed the circanistance connected wiih 
liie execution of Jackson, the (irsi man 
ver huii'^ for murder in Jack>on coun- 
ty, ill' said that Jackson, having' made 
an, agreement or understanding with 
SheritV Bill \Varren, that the exeoaii(*n 
should be so conducted tliat his neck 
should not Oe broken, was iirmly per- 
suaded that he would survive the cprra- 
tion and be resuscitated. He C(jii>nhed 
Col. Cu\ the night before the t^xeeu'uui 
a> tv> wiieiher i( wouhl l^e ailvi-.ible lor 
hiin to remain in theeouniy, or had 
better go to Texas. U nftjrt nnutely the 
h.inginj:, arranged by tying a rope H) 
the lind) of a tree and driving the. wag'on 
'U which Jackson w.ts seated fiom un- 
der him, was fat. d, and he ne(.;e.^sarily 
remained in the county. Berhap.^ the 
tree is yi't standing in Andrew 

(recall that Col ('o.x. .it the time 
menlioued, did not feel \ery suit- of bis 
election, as he wa.•^ not a nomini e ut bis 
party, but was running independmt. 
Jackson county was thenan.ui of lie' 
DubiPiue distll'l, whub evtiiid'd, 1 
think, indeiiiiih 1) (o i he Ib ii i li po- 
ses-ion on till' Mdi't h, and the I '.i< ilie 
oeean on th.' wist. but ile re were few 



or no voters in it north of the Turkey, or 
svest of the Wapsipinicon. The regular 
democratic nominees for the Council in 
ISli were Francis Gelum and Hardin 
Nowlin, both of Dubuque county ^t'-ph- 
en Hempstead, second Governor of the; 
state, was also an indiipetident candi- 
date. At the e-iection, llio voters of J.iek- 
son county nil voted "single shot" for 
Cox, and he was eit-rfed and there w.e, a 
tie between Heiiip.-,tead and Nowliu.and 
Gehon was behind. At a .sulj.-^etjuent 
special election, Gehon, by the )iejp of 
Jaidcson county was elected and both 
Hempstead .md Nowlin w. n- left It 
was saifl at tiie time ihat the linal f>uf- 
come of the elect lou was i he result of 
an agi'eement between ( b lion and ( 'ol. 
Cox . 

Though that v» a^ (iiJ yenrs ago, tie- 
circuinvtanee.- are still fi< >h in my mem- 
ory anrl I am confident aie ex.ieily cor- 
rect as I h 1 ve rrlat.d them 

(Jol. Cox was a man oi strong' eii >iac- 
rer find a )»romineni .-^ p' l'inn-n (^f t!ie 
weHtei'n ])ioneer. 1 trust i hat. rlT'' '■' 
vtdlin;,' of the nionune nt to h.i> mc 
Nvilll>e .-ucees-ful and a niemor.ii;!-- 
casioji. Most truly yours, 

P. W Ci;AwnM:i' 

Co\ Crawford in a later h iter gj\ 
othei very intevi-tinj: rendir.-ceM . - > 
e;,rly times in Biwa. 

Dul.uiine, U)\sa, July 1, l'."t"i. 

Dear Sii : Vonrs of the 'J^th rebiiinu' 
to ('ol. (■ox aiud inclo.-ing ehppmL's tr'aii 
the Seniinel containinu' .--onu- infeu>t- 
-liclche- of him, Wii.> duly ri-eei\'. d 
for wliicli I thank you. 

I return the elippire.:s In rt ^viTli .i. • 
cording to > our rM|ue>t In ri-plv i«» 
your iiKiuirv as to mv know li d^'e ot «he 
hr^t four tt rrif onal le;,'i-l.if uie<. 1 niu-f 
say that I was only a nny then, .nnl 
know very liflh- r-oiially in reg'^»"d t»"> 
tliem, 1 \\ as»)ul of the .-I.ileMt colh ge 
from 1"^ I I tt» I'^l'K ind kn» w lirth- dur 
in;: th.it p- I Mil of \s hat u.i- d<«ii!;: :n 
low a e\c( pt m I >ubnijM"- ••ount \- 

As a boy I knew Col .\imr« w B ink 



son, Ifardiu Now lin and Lorin^c Vv' ln.-el- 
er, iiuMubcrs of the lii'sl: ten'itot ial as- 
si'iiibly, %vell. Baiiksoii lived om what 
is still called the "J^anksou Prairie" 
near the present [>. o. of Tivoli. tov. n- 
shi[) WJ, one west. I think he also came 
from Southern Illinois He was a near 
neighbor (as then coiisidered) of my 
Uncle Theophilis Crawford, three miles 
distant, and 1 often heard him s})eak of 
liis early life and of lioiu^ in the Black- 
hawk war. He was one of the jjromi- 
nent settlers of DubiKiue county. Tlie, 
last time I eyer saw him was (>;> years 
aj,'0, Sept. 12, 1842, \\ h(;n he came to my 
uncle's house to vote at the spi'eiai elec- 
tion, on that date, for a member of the 
Council, causi^'d py the tie between 
Hempstead and Nowlin at the n ^ndar 
Auj^ust election, when Cox was elected. 

1 was ifitimately acipiainted in their 
lifetinu'S, with Cov. Hemps" ead, Hard- 
in Nowlin, Thomas WcC'rany, Thomas 
llofCCrs, Jame.-- Churcliman, M. .M.J>uin- 
brid^'c, (others whc.-(; names 1 do not re- 
' """'^ jS^uioers of the earliest territorial 
/nve from Dubuque and with 
/» B. Bradley and John l-'ob'y and 
/)n John P. from Jaekson, Fredrick 
y ross from Clayton and Geor;_,'e Wal- 
^'.tli from Jones. 

/J also know well in their day James 
/A'atkins and Vmu. A Warrrn, both 
^sluM'ilVs of your I'ounty. 1'. Searbwrou;.;, 
Jud>:e I). F. Spurr, John 10. (Joodenow, 
N, I'ut terworth, J nd<4*' Palmer, S Bur- 
leson, and many olliers of Jackson coun- 
ty's early settlers. 

I was presemt when SherilT' Warren 
bou<;ht tlie roj) i ^vith which to han}.^ 
Jack-.-!on, at I'eter Wapb r's store in Du- 
biKjue. I think my father, James Craw- 
ford, was the prosieutin;^ attorney who 
convicted Jackson foi- m urdei- com lu) 1 1 <'d 
out on .I<\iianers (.^rcek, in the MilUap 
ii''i;Jd>ovhood, Iti the i)re>e)it da> he 
N\tudd never be convieted, c.v only ;ri\i n 
a-lidrt termor imiirisunneMii , fiu- his 
i was not more than a case of man- 
>lau;;ht( r and hardly I hat, 



]jut I am jj:rowin}jf irrelevant, as we , 
old tiuK-rs are pron to do when \ve I'xi 
started on our remini.«cences. Durin;^ 
more than forty years of ids life, I was 
intimately a( tjuainted witli Gov. Hemp- 
stead, a nieml)er of the territorial coun- 
cil at, 1 think, tlic 2d ses.-ion, and have 
aecounts of his ex[)erieni:es wliile herv- 
iu^ as a member in those early da} s 
One circam.stance, I recall, which he 
used to rebite witJi much gusto. The 
president of the ce)uncil was Cell. J B. 
Brown of Sac c )unty, an old Indian 
tigliter, in the Crt ( k wars, under Ceii 
Jackson, a big, dignilie'd (^Id man, wlio 
sat up in the pulpit (jf th(; Presbyterian 
church at Jjurlington and pr(>ided with 
great dignity , but at times, wiien l)usi- 
nc'ss in t lie council u as dull, \\ a> apt to 
go to sleep. He was accustomed to talk 
a good deal of his ( x pe-rience while with 
J ackson in hi.- 1 ndian c.unpaigns. Oee 
day during a session of the (>ounc;l, 
whih; a lather protracted dcbatt; \\ ,is 
go'iig on, th(; old General fell oil into a 
peaceful nap. Some member from H. nry 
county, I think', was making a lengthy 
S[)eech, who had a very shrill voict!. and 
at times would elevate it to a very high 
key, and then lower it so a.,; to hv hardly 
audible. At one period of his .speech he 
became (juitt! t>xcitcd, and rai-«ed 
voice alnio,-t to a yell, at the hanie time 
bringing: his list down on his desk witli 
great violenc.\ This broke in on the 
(;ld in-esident 's slumbers, and lie >udMen- 
ly, only half -awalve, sprang to his feet, 
and shouted, '-Injuns liy ( lod 

According to Hempstead's account 
the whole house was instant aiieously 
(•onvul.^e(l with laug'hter and applause, 
and at once adjourned. 

Plea>e i^xcuse th(! uncalled for length 
of this letter, and believe, nu' to remain. 

Most truly yours, 

V \V. CU.VWKOUl>. 




I'lli 



} 

f 

Jesse W'ilso!), Pioneer. 

The secrorary of th<^ Old Sf'trlcrs' so- 
ciety in iiKikin}.^ up tlm iiu'iiiDiial report 
for the last lucetinfr. by ovtrsi^jht left 
out the iKune of Jesse Wilson, oue of 
llie oldest pioneers of the connty, who 
passed away ou Monday, Nov. 28, HM)4. 
Mr. Wilson came to the \] u(iuoketa Val- 
ley in the st ring' of 18:]!l with his broth- 
er, Anson, William and Mark Carre t, 
and Ira Stimsou. Mr Wils<»n came lierc 
in his early manhood and silent a lonj;, 
useful and bu.-iy life in this locality.. • 

Early History of (Canton, Iowa. 

In juy remiuisccncL'S of mv eai'ly ex 
periences in lo.va which b«',i,Mn in 
at svhicu time I v'sited low.t for th(i 
first time. After a stay of I nionths I 
returned to my n itive h )m i in tii t east. 
After a rtdapse of -1 years I turned my 
face westward. This rime not as at 
first by way of O lio and Mississippi riv- 
ers But strai^dit ovi-rhmd by li. li. 
landing' ie K )ck Klahd, Auj; ;.M), Is.')!. 
It was in iSoO th it L found the countr}' 
sparely settled and I often travelled 
10 or lo miles netween .settlements and 
it was the pro.-^iess made in rli.) 1 years 
of my absence that I will enduavor to 
note. Til • first s/ttK-rs believed that 
the soil and ehmatu: weir peculiarly 
Uilapteil (I) thi; culture uf wheat whieh 
at tliat ti'.ne easily became the staple 
crop, which often yieldt;d as hi^'h as lO 
bushels per acrer v\ iu;n I crossed the 
MiNsis.^ippi from 111. to Iowa I found a 
f^reat contrast, Illinois bein^' t land of 
corn or we mi<j;ht say a sea of corn.ofliai 
extendin;.,' apparently as far as the eye 
could S' C.. But as already stated. Iowa 
was ^'ivm principally to wln-at. It was 
after the wheat crop was in .stack that 
1 travelled from I)a\-i nport to I'aiiton in 
I l>a-sin;: t hrou)!li Scot t, ( 'Union and 
.laekson counties, whi<'Ji were at th.it 
loiP' ihi' most thiekly .^;et i led. 1 foutul 
t !e' liiii Nt crop of wheat in stat;lc I ever 
liatlihc plca<ure of S'-ein^ before or 
;-iie'e I sonietimrs took t he t r'.Mila.- to 



cou)it the staf;ks in yards that were near 
the road in one of tlie larj/eu. I* found :>.) 
and such could b^; seen in every diree- 
tion as 1"ar as the eye could reach. It 
was between iS.'jO and '.'>.■> that Iowa ha<' 
its ^Tca'tst boom, and emi;,'rants by the 
hundreds were flocking' in. Land tliat 
years before could have been hou-ht ar 
j^overnment price now readdy sold for ]() 
and fifteen dollars per acre and pro.-i)ei - 
ity could be seen on e^'ery side, i'he 
villiuge of Sprint,'iield of 1 S.'iO^had ehan;:- 
ed its name to the' j.)resent .\)n«iuokt ta, 
which now exhil)ited all ihe elements 
of a thrivin;^' tONvn In fact, tliis was 
true of all the towns tliriju^'h whieli 
I passed on my way from l).iveiiport to 
Canton. This last tov,-n bein^' my o\) 
jec;tive point I must ^Mve )ij<jre than a 
passin;.,- notice, which f fust vi.-.itcd m 
J.'5.")(), the-n but a small villia.,'e had now 
become tile center of trarle tliat .Irew its 
supplies fi'om a territory of moie than jO 
miles in circuit. J.J. Tomlinson was 
the proi)rietor who foumh d tht; town 
ana owned nt-arly all the town lots and 
also about SUO acres of tlu; adjoining 
land. A saw mill with a ciioacity of 
24,01)0 feet every 2! hour.-, was n-v. r al 
lowtd to stand idle <lay or iii;^ht. iti 
connciction with these mills th. re w . re 
alsv) turning:: lathes ol variou^^ iviiu 
maiiufacturin^j: wood into .ill ^kind.> of 
products the niaiket demanded, which 
{^ave constant employ inent to over lifry 
hands. 

The ^H'ist mills were ctiually actne, 
with a caiiacily ol (ID barrels of Hour a 
day which also eini>loyed four milh rs, 2 
for day and J for nii.;ht. 'I'hoe mills 
al.-o ;^ivi' emi>loy meat to a lar<:c num- 
ber of teams in carrun^' the iire>duct> to 
market wlueli was pnncip.dly in I)u- 
bui|uc, ;;o miles distant. Tnc woo;. ii 
mills hiMc were uI.m) doin;: aw extensive 
bu>>im'ss and alVoi.K d .in c.\c( dent mar- 
ket f»)r all the wool ;;ro.vn in th" a< . 
ja( enl c(uint ICS and wa-ie opi.ii d l>v 
.lohn Iti'ynor Sons. 'J'h. re aie ^till 
many people ]i\ n^; \\ hn w i!| 



iiH'Mibrr rhv. Kfyimr I'a.Miily. I^iit not 
K';isr of C-aiirofi was rhf dcy '^iu,d> hiisi- 
iiu'.ss. ThfiH; wen' six ston/s, nio-i of 
which Ui'ui a ^n^ncial .-tock Anions;- 
thfM>, that of E M Ihauks, wiih an 
,sl.N, 01)0 stock takes lirsr dI ice That of 
.]as. Smith S: J^ro., s|u,oo(). Toiiiliusoii 
& Smith, $0,000. Da\\'>oii, Brenamaii 
luid Lovvt! with lesser storks a^'>:ii'!i:atiii>.^ 
in all s;5i».0O0. And so complfre was tin; 
vsortmenc thai anythiuj: in the limi of 
irmiii}:^ imph'iuciits ai)fl other jk'ccl'S- 
aiics, could htn»,' U- fouud [t also c.re- 
aifd a ^ruod mavkct for auythin;; the, 
faniuas had to sell. Wh(;at, whic.h was 
at that time tlu; staple product, was ex- 
tensively handled by 10. M. lOraiiks, who 
at Ihis time was (j[)i;r.ttin<; th.; llourinj^ 
mills and frc<iuently had ;',0,000 bnsiuds 
on hiind at one time. .Mr. I'^ranks also 
dealt in live stoclc and of I en had in Ids 
t.'cd yards ii'on\ 200 to -loO cattle aiul as 
many hoi^s on fet.Ml. The cattle, how- 
ever, we,r»' not of the kind that fet ders 
MOW u.^^e, 2 and ye.irs old, out thi'V 
wert! pidnci pally su[)erannuated oxen and 
diy cou's. Younjj; steers were alt(j<j;et her 
too valuable for work- and wert; used for 
br.-akin.j; teams for bieak'inj,' the native 
-o l. jt n quired frmn 10 t(j 12 oxen to 
•^I'uc an etVeerive team Mr. Franks 
,jUo up'M iied a p c'kin.i hmi-^ ' of .-ulllc- 
lent capacity ti) u.-^c all the porkt-rs that 
111.' farmers marketed at tins point. 
The packin;^' was all done in the wint(>r 
and the. stock was marlseted after it was 
dre^.Sfd. The manufacture of oak shii.^r- 
les tln-oue;hout the adjacent timber, 
v. hieh ( xtiaided eastward for a distance 
nf mure than 20 iniK'S, was not tlu'. lea-<t 
(tf iiidii>iiies that cont ril mt e. i to Ihi^ 
t lade of ( Canton. It was not uncommon 
ti) Iiiid ."i()0,oo() shinjdes piled up about 
ill.' stiire-^ Tiiey werii taken in excdiaiu;e 
foi- iroods by all ihi^ men hauls ai an av- 
eiM ]irie(- of s;; j,, ],,.!• HiOo. and n\si>ld 
lo I he praii ic lane iscdN enm: a len ifory 
of ai ie.i.it :'.oo s(| nidi-->. ('cop* i in;; was 
HI important iMcnas- th.ai lar;,'ely 
eoni 1 iluili (1 to ihi' trade t.f ( 'anion. 



Over a ri-rntory (if 12 miles in leu^Mli 
beudnuinu' at C'antwii ;ind east u aid t lie) c 
W( re by act n.ii eoiiur li'iO men v.orkin^^ 
Kt the coop' r traiie niakin;^ pi^i k and 
flour barrels, for in lliose days thjur was 
alfo;/etlier shipp, d in barrels. The vii- 
lau'e of O/.ark, situaterl rhiee miles luirih 
of Oantoii, "Aho.-e proprietor, J. I*].- 
Hildreth, was doiii},' a thrivin<^' buaine>s 
with his llourin*^ mi Is. with a capacaiy 
of GO barn Is every 24 hours and wliieli 
also run day and iu;4hi , and his saw- 
mills, tOL'etlier wirli Ins j^'cueral store, 
Nvith s,i2,0oo in stock, |.',a\c this little 
village a business second only to that of 
('anton. But these were the days of 
C^aiifou aufl tJ/ark's /^'reate^t, ])ro.-peiify 
and ^dory The lar^,'c b<,)(ly of line tim- 
be.r now b'-jzan to eet thin and the 
Midland branch railroad was now pro- 
je'(-tcd and tin; business si)eedily left 
Canton to points aloui: iht; new rail- 
road. \] Franks and .1. J T(>ndin- 
Hon, the h'adinf< spirits, souj^'hi new 
locatio js. Mr h'lanks j)ro;;ured several 
hundred acres (»i line prairie land, in- 
clndinu the site of fht^ pre^-ciit (,)n.-lo\v. 
J. J. Tomlinson orizani/.ed u colony of 
lumberman, who he took with him to 
tie- far we.-r, whi rc he a;,'ain en;/.i;,v-(l in 
the lumlicr business. <)f the early 
S''ftler> of(",infoi; theri- are mnv -o i.ir 
as the knowled^'c of the wriieis j:oe.^, 
(uily four 1 ■ft, lo-wit : .1. H. Alberry, 
Henry W'llmoti, IJiram Keister and 
Mrs. Cecelia Ikdden, now .'i re.ddcut of 
Ma(iuckL'ta, iis also is J. B. Alberry. 

I.i;vi \VA(.oNi:K. 




Tlie Jackson County IlistoricaJ 
Society. 



The Jackson County Histoi ical Society 
was organi'/ed at a meeting' callod by J. 

Kllis, for that purpose at his olUco-in 
Maquoketa, April .^r.th, JOOiJ. There 
wore present O.-ccohi Goodenow, P. D. 
GriKl,'H, Harvey Keid, J. M. Swi^art, M. 
T. Fleming, D. A. l^'lotchor, C C. Dud.- 
Icy, 0. M. Duuljar and Jiinies W. Elli^;. 

D. A, Fletcher was made chairma]i, 
and J. W, Ellis eucretary, and a com- 
mittee consist iu},' of J. W. Ellis, Uarvey 
Keid, and C). Goodenow was ;ii)pointed 
to draft a coubtitution and by-laws. 

The next meeting: was held at D. A. 
Fletcher's ofUcn, on the :J'.itii of April, 
at which the committee preseuted draft 
of constitution and by-laws which was 
adopted and the f(jllo\ving odicers were 
elected : 

President, D. A. Fletcher; 

Vice President, M. T. Fk-minf:; 

Secretary and Curator, J. \V. Ellis; 

Treasurer, Uarvey Heid. 

At the last annual elecrion held De- 
cember iL'tli, I'JOl. the follo\'. iU}.; olHoers 
were elected : 

Presidt'Ut', (h'ori^n) L. Mitchell; 

Vicu I'rc adt iit , I l.irry 1 .iih 11 ; 

Treasiucr, ll.rrvry lu iil ; 

Secretary and Cm-ator, J;h. W- lOllis; 

With 1). A Fletcher, W. C. Greg- 
ory, James Fairbrother and Will 
Gundill as members executive board. 

On the ".'Oth day of June, r.iO,-), the so- 
ciety tiled articles of inefU'poiMi ion under 
chapter 2, title !), of the ( V^de of Iowa. 

The soeit^ty is in a llouri- hiii^,' ci.»n- 
dition, has a f^ood fat treasury and is 
eoiisiaiilly ^:i'0\vin<; in meinb, i-.-,bip aiid 
'■^ n»l.idly ac" | u ii'iii;!; a valuable eollfeiKtn 
ol b.Mil.s, Iriicr.,, ii.ipeis and lu ^al ins- 



1 NUMBER TWO | 

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VNNALS I 



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Jackson 
County 
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ANNALS OF JACKSON COUNTY, IOWA. 

COKTKMTS OF NUMIU^R TwO. ; 

Reprinte(i from the Jaclisoji Sen tint' I ■■ . 

Meeting of Jackson County IHstorical Society 1 

Jackiun SentincL 

From ^\ way Back *J 

Mks. Mahy Goodenow Andisr.son. 

Some Early Pioneers of Jackson Count \ 5 

Jam):-^ \V I'll. (.is 
Early Tioneerd ot Buckhoi-n and V icinicy.-Capt. Renry Mal- 
lard, Joseph S, ^lallard and Fayefe >tai]ard ] S 

'*FAi;MKi{ lil'iMv'SIOHN." 

Tiie liUckhorn Conntiy Territorial I^ioneers. --Wilcox Families. . 
'•J'\\i:MEii BuuKnoitN." 

Life and Military Services of Captain \. \\ . Drips 1^ 

JA:iii;.^ \V. I'.r.Lis. 

Col. J. ^V. Jenkins, a Soldier and Pioneer 2.S 

H AK\ i:y liE!]). 

Valnaljle Relics. Wood from Historic New England EuildinKs 

in Ellis Collect ion 30 

JA>rF^5 W. l^J.LIS. 

Col. J. W.. Jenkins (Portrjit) Zl 

Joieph McElroy, Iowa Piotieirot (i'ortraits) ;i> 

Sal 'It hi Gaitt/c. 

Sixtieth Wedding Anniversary Arnold Pvoinn}^' and Wife 

nellcvm Ilcrali! 

A. Reiling and Wife (l\irlraits) :h9 

Anson H. Wilson, Oldest J'ioneei Nos\ IJving in Jackson Cuunty 4») 

J \MJ'-. \V. 

An.son li. Wilson (Poririiit) \1 

Kendnlscencps of A. 11. Wilson 43 

Jamks W. Eni.nf 

Capl. W. L. Clark, l"Jarlie.>(. Pioneer r>0 

umj::r i>rfKn'.))iN." 

Sliadri\cli Jlin'lesnrj, Territorial Pioneer (I^orlrait) ol 

*'J<\vn.MKn Pi( Kif'»j:N." 

John O. Seeley--''l^'arLTier JU.Mkliorn" (P(irt ralt.) (11 

Joe Jicnrv's Stojy 77 

.1 A. MI'S W. K],ni>. 

Letters trouj Gov. Lnca.s' I'ilcs SI 

vSupplied hv P>':.\.j. K. .SfiA.MJ-.Ai nn. V\\. |) 

The Eellevpo War. A }»'evi'. w 

IlAi^vi'.Y llian. 

Early Post Otlices )!t Jai.Ms.s.jn CiMinl v '.O 

ll.^u^•r^ \\v\\) 

A. 11. Wils^in on (he f^elleviK' Wai Im 

.) V .Mh-, W. Yaaa'^ 

'I he article;; lurciM v.'cre i'rst».s«H up and nrinii^d \\\ tho J.iok!>.»n 
Sentinel no-\;-;H(i|)er, ihen \\w. xuxxsw. I.yr.t aira!)utd m I'toolc | -ij v'n an. I 
reprinted, 'I hi-i cx(ila'n-i (h" iKscnIlaVu it:^ of luaice-u^i and ;iiii)-dl vis* 

loi\s. 






Local 




Interesting Uleeting of Jackson County Historical 

. Society. 

PAPERS BY P<1RS. D. H. ANDERSON AND J. W. ELLIS. 



The Jackson County Historica] Society held a meeting at the library last 
Thursday, Jan 25th, in the evening, to which the public where uiviied and 
which was well attended, the assembly room being crowded to its full ca- 
pacity. The program prepared by the oilicers of the Society was well re- 
ceived and enthusiastically applauded. 

President Mitchell addressed the audience in his usual happy vein, very 
ably setting forth The aims, objects and hopes of the society, and requested 
1x1 who were in sympahy with the movement to enroll their names and be- 
come members of the society. 

Mrs. ]Mary Goodenow- Anderson wa.« next presented, who read a very in- 
teresting paper on pioneer times awav l cli, when Maquoketa was a little 
frontier village. Harvev Reid in a paper showing deep research, told how 
Iowa City became the Territorial capital of Iowa, due to tlie tactics of Col. 
Tliomas Cox, Jackson county's delegate, from which we infer that sharp 
political wire pulling was practiced as far back as 1838. J. W. Ellis read a 
sketch on the tirst settlement in the Forks of Maquoketa, descril;irjg the 
advent and locations of tiie Shinkle, Owens, Edwards, Pate, While and 
Copeland families, wiio came and made claims and moved into them. 'Or. 
Charles Collins reviewed some of the bloody tragedies that wtre enacted in 
Bellevue in the early aays as told by Captain Warren. 

An interesting sketch of the first pioneeis of Buckiiorn as told by John 
Seeley was read by Harvey Reif' in the absence of the writer. 

D. A. B'letcher told of the desperate straits to which the eany settiers of 
Maquoketa were subjecteoi to at one time on account of a salt famine. In- 
teresting short talks were indulged in by Mrs. Anderson, Mrs. Crane anvi 
others, wh'cli created C 'lisiderahle amusement. 

At tlie conclusion of the program, sevei;il new names were enrolled on 
the roster of tne society. Curator Ellis who l.<is devoted a large sliare of 
his time to the organization of the society, says that it is now on a sate 
footing vvitli a snug sum in its treasury which wil! enable it to continue tiie 
publication of its annals quarterly. Tiiere are nearly loo copies of the Jan- 
,uary Annals in the secretary's tXlice which will be olTered for saie at. 2"> 
ccriLs each. 

All cont ribul ions or corniminicat 10116 intetuled for the society should 
be sent to the secretary, ,1. W. Ellis. 



\ 




r-v. 



Prom Away Back. 



(Written by Mrs. D. H. Anderson for the Jackson County Historical Society.) 

One does not know just what to talk about at these open meetinjis of 
our society. Tlionghts naturally turn back to the long ago time. Memory's 
well brims up and overflows with the fullness of the tljought of those days. 
The actors wno made our pioneer history are silhouetted 'gainst a luminous 
background. Our own life seems to have had all the dimensions— length, 
breadth and thickness— but the future! It seems a thread-made up of 
strands, some silken and shining, some somber, the blending a neutral— a 
gray. It should not be so. The point where life's converging vista focuses 
should be as a star, not shining with the brilliancy of morning or noonday 
light, but quite as clear and certain. Young life unhampered as was ours by 
restraint and ceremonious was buoyant, expensive. We were close to Nature's 
heart and were her children. The fashions and formalities of modern usages 
had not dulled our spontaniety nor caused us to enclose ourselves in shells 
from wiience to peep thro' loopholes of vantage, or open and close as 
policy and propriety shall dictate. 

Those tirst comers— our forebears— were great in fearlessness and hope. 
It took no small amount of grit and faith in self to turn one's back on a 
settled community which meant kindred friends, the protection of law, 
slielter and a sustenance, which, tho' sometimes meager, was suiUcicnt for 
physical needs. To the woman, more especially, 'twas a case of "where 
ignorance is bliss"— to join hands and hearts for better or for worse, to face 
toward the great unknown and journey on for days and days, for weeks and 
weeks, ttien to halt with only the pregnant earth for a foothold, the great 
dome of the sky meeting tlie earth in its endless wedlock, there to lay a 
hearthstone, surround and cover it with rude walls and roof, and call it 
Home Is it not an awesome thought? Yet it was houie— and why? 

A great man has written. "Whever a true wife comes this home is ever 
around her. The stars only may be over her head, the glow worm in the night, 
cold grass may l)e tlie only Hre at her feet, yet home is wherever she is shed- 
ding its (luiet light far, for those who else were liomeloss. a woman's true 
place and power." She brought to the cabin the eternal feminine, gave it 
the touch that cannot be described vet never is mistaken, tilled it. with an 
atmospliere of inviting comfort that miMe money cannot supply, and was a 
perpetual fountain of refreshment and renewal to the man wiio was, in 
turn, her slielter and her strength. 



\ 



We have outgrown the primitive physical conditions. Are we airogeih- 
er bettered? Then a Jetter canae once in many months, postage I'o cts. It 
marked an epoch, set tlie heart thumping, was read again and ag iin. was 
very precious, bro't tears and lieart longings and homesickness, a sHpping 
away, for the time, of courage and contentment. Not so now. Supply and 
demand are neutralized, the zest is gone. The tallow candle was ar long step 
from the rag in grease and the first kerosene lampl Why I I tho't the light 
of Heaven had burst upon us, when tiie chimney was slipped over the ignit- 
ed wick. Now they smell and are a nuisance. The first piece of upholster- 
ed furniture, 'twas a thing apart, almo>t too sacred for human eyes, was 
swathed in antimacassers, and as for desecrating its plump fineness with a 
human anatomy, 'twas a thing not to be tho't of unless the minister came. 

Now our homes are cluttered witli draperies, carpets, luxuriant divans, 
stufied with mixtures varying from curled hair to chopped up refuse and mi- 
crobes by millions, on which we sit or recline, stir up and breathe in. tili 
we pay the price of unwise indulgence and have to go travelling for our 
health. 

''Indulgence and punishment grow on the same stem. Punishment is 
the fruit whicii unsuspected ripens within the flower of the pleasure tiiat 
conceals it.'* 

Then we had few doctors and few deaths. We might have sometimes 
had a gnawing in our vitals but 'twas not from dyspepsia. 

I wonder If all towns have had such sound beginnings. We 
have enlarged in many directions, our citizens have a high order of 
intelligence, our homes are beautiful, the most modest showing care and 
taste. Many small communities are divided into cliques that cause jeal- 
ousies and contentions. We are singularly free from this undigniiied belit- 
tling state of society, the which shows narrowness and conceit. There is 
an intensity about all we do, a doing everything to the limit, a trait inher- 
ited from the first men who planted the first grain in this virgin western 
soil. While much of the fruit of this early phnitinc: is sound and sustaining, 
there are alas! as ever thorns and thistles and noisome weeds too. We are 
a people of many virtues and sad to adaiit of vices. The eood are very, very 
good, and the bad are— they're horrid. Like a disease, influence never 
stands still. We, who stand for the old, should be caretakers for our fath- 
ers' and mothers' sakes, for conscience sake, live wholesome, temperate 
lives. Not only seem but be. What we are proclaims us from the housetops. 
Tho' we speak no word and shut ourselves behind holts and liars, theres' a 
wireless telegraphy, or better said, a mental telepathy between man and man. 
impressions given olT and taken on, streiiu't hening or weakening a brother. 
Ruskin says, "There is more venom mortal inevil able in tiie glidirikr ent ranee 
of a wordless thought than in the deadliest asp of Nile." Think olil 
man. Oh woman, what individual volition and responsibility mean: 

Tlie life of Marshall Field is a grand exemplilicat ion of what a hieh 
minded, conscientious character, acted unnn hv t he exhilarat ing possibilit ies 
of western push and privileges, can accomplish. Mr. Verkes died rich-rich, 
yet unloved. unnuniriuHl, undeserving, ostraci/od. Marshall Field (iiod. lie 
too was a money king, yet infinitely more a king among men, unostenfa- 



. . 1 



tious, hoDesfc, pure, beloved. Out of our business conditions of free compe- 
tition and unlimited possibliities has grown a drunl^en greed for wealtti. 
Too mucli liberty breeds license. Too often craft and cunning take the 
place of work and patience and the basic principle of our democratic govern- 
ment is swathed in a sepulchral robe of cloth of gold. Let us hope and be- 
lieve that it is not death, oul}' suspended animation. '"■J'ruth is miglity." 
The world must be growing better else creation were a failure. Finite 
minds cannot believe this of the intlnite. Emerson says, "tlie world globes 
itself in a drop of dew. " No division of matter is so small but that all created 
matter is represented in it. Is it wise then to underrate ourselves wlio are 
made in His image, and who are children of eartlily parents who made a 
virtue of industry and sacrament of brotherly service. There is an unvary- 
ing ratio between privilege and responsibility. The law and the way is sim- 
ple, love is the law. 

There are people and places and times and things 

That sing in the heart like a liumraing bird's wings; 

While we work with our hands, honor duties each day, 
All unconscious we listen to what tlie wings say. 

"Love is living. " 

Oh I the sweet reaching back to the dear restful hours! 

Oh! the soft folded things memories pure as wliite flowers! 
They are always about us, let life's busy wheels fly, 

Bring us weal or bring woe we hng tight our dear joy. 

Now a hand clasp live over, now an eye glance so kind. 

- That a tear is the answer and all undefined; 
A host of emotions crowd up tliro' tlie heart, ^ 

Each a ghost of some gladJiess that pulse throbbings start. 

What can restless ambition contribute, or vyhat 

Is tlie solace of riches il friends must be bought; 

Give me just the old kind-loving, just the old way, 

Then come fair or foul weather the humming wings say 

"Love is living.*' 




yviO 



Some of the Early Pioneers of Jackson County, and 
Where They First Settled. 

(Written by J. W. Ellis for the Jacksou County Historical Society.) 

Mr. President: I am indebted to Mr. E. D. Sninkie now a resident of 
Maquoketa, a pioneer and the son of a pioneer for a large part of the in- 
formation in relation to a group of pioneers who, if not the very rirst set- 
tlers in the forks of tlie Maquoketa, were certainly among the first, for 1 
have been unable thus far to get any record of a settlement earlier than 
the spring of 183G. According to Mr. Shinkle's account, Daniel Shinkle, 
David and Tliomas Owens. Jesse Pate, Barney White. Jones Edwards and 
Beu Copeland, a son-in-law of Edwards, cam.e trom their homes on Fever 
River near Galena, 111., in the fall of 1S.>5, to the forks of the Maquoketa to 
hunt game and bees in the then unbroken forests of the country now em- 
braced in Farmers Creek and South Fork townships. The country pleased 
them so much, being similar to the country from wlijch they originally 
came, Ohio, that they decided to take up claims and build homes here, and 
accordingly marked otf claims as svas the custom at that period by blazing 
trees around their several claims, and in the early spring of 1S3() came back 
and built cabins and commenced moving onto the claims as fast as the 
cabins could be got ready, all but Shiukle moving over in 1S3''.. Shinkle left 
his family near Galena until 1838, dividing his time and labor between 
the claim and the lead mines. 

Jesse Pate located on what became by survey the southwest (|uarter of 
section 3G in Farmers Creek tovvuship on lands that have been known for TO 
years as tlie Dr. Usher farm, and wiiich is now owned and occupied by Jo- 
seph Jackson. 

Jones Edwards located on the southeast quarter and Dnniel Shinkle on 
the northeast fjuarter of tiie same section. Barney White located on and 
built a cabin on what became section 1 South Fork township now ovvned by 
Asa Struble, and Ben Copeland located on what is now part of section 31 
Perry township winch is now occupied by the family of the late Isaac Mc- 
Peak. David Owens, grandfather of E. D. Sliinkle, located on southwest 
quarter of section 25 Farmers Creek township wliich was later known as 
the Martin Flynn farm and still later became part of the George Cooper 
farm. Mr. Shinkle says thnt he has lieard his father say that at the time 
they made their claiuTS in the forks, the nearest cabin was at the foot of 
the long liill south of Brllfvue. 

Tlie first grain raised by these settlors had to be taken to Galena to bo 
ground and that tlie Urst mill erected west of the Mississippi \Nas built at 



Cat Fish and they patronized that until the mill on Mill Creek near Ma- 
qnoketa, known as the McCloy mil], was built. Daniel Shinkle rove out 
shakes or clap boards to side up and shinf]fle tlie McCJoy mill as there was 
no lumber to be had at that time, and David Owens was one of the tirst 
millers at that miJl. There was no elevator m then and the wheat wJien 
ground was run into the meal chest and then carried up a Jadder to the 
bolter by the miller in a half bushel. 

These first settlers experienced pretty hard times in the first years of 
their settlement here. One year their seed corn was poor and tiieir corn 
crop a failure on that account. 

On the day that Daniel Shinkle left the new settlement to go and n^ove 
his family to his claim, he and six other persons had only for their dinner 
two small wild pigeons and four or five small potatoes. Mr. Shinkle crossed 
the river at Smith's Ferry above Bellevue on a small row boat railed 
around the sides with fence rails, and it took an entire day to get the fami- 
ly and stock, etc. over the river While crossing with the i^ttle, a heifer 
jumped over the railing and it seemed for a time would be drowned, but a 
rope was tlirown over her head and she was towed across. When the family 
arrived at the claim they found a log cabin made of round logs built like a 
pen and covered with shakes split out of trees, without any tloor and the 
nettles and other weeds were knee high in the cabin. Mr. Shinkle says the 
prospect was so discouraging that his mother broke down and cried. He 
also says that his grandfather, David Owens, helped to build the first mill 
built on Farmers Creek, which was built by Hazen and Morden. and was 
the tirst miller at that mill. This mill is best known as the reener mill. 

Mr. Shinkle attended a famous Fourth of July celebration in Andrew 
during the county seat contest between Andrew and Bellevue, wherein tiie 
citizens of Andrew gave a free picnic dinner to the public which doubtless 
proved a good factor in the contest and contributed no httle to the victory 
scored by Andrew, lie was also present and witnessed the execution of Jo- 
seph Jackson for the murder of Perkins. Jackson was hanged in Andrew 
in July, 1842. Shinkle saw him brought down from Butterworth's tavern 
and placed on a box or platform on a wagon which was driven under a tree. 
The rope was fastened to a limb and tlje other end adjusted about Jack-son's 
neck and the wagon pullod nut from under him leaviiiir him suspended in 
the air, the twist in the rope swinging him round and round. JaoUson liad 
been told that if his neck was not broken that the doctors svould resuscitate 
him after he had been hanged and as the penalty would have been paid he 
would be free to go where he chose. Consequent ly he laid the weight of 
nis body on the rope as soon as it was tied and was allowed to strangle, tlic 
sheriff not taking any chances by limiting the time. 

Mr. Shinkle says the tirst .schoolh.e attended was taught by a Mi<;s 
Nancy Range, in one end of a cabin occupied by the family of Dr. Charles 
Usher, Miss Karige being a sister of Mrs. Sherwood whose family at that 
time lived on what is now known as the Kills farm in South Fork towship. 
A daughter of Sherwoods married a Doctor .Nlartin who at one time was 
well known in Maquoketa. 



1 



Mr. ShitjkJe remembers well the great excitemeut caused by a well that 
he was digging, caveing in on and killing Peter Jerm'in on land now owned 
and occupied by A. J. York in South Fork township. Few men have been 
permitted to note such a wonderful transformation in a country in which 
they spent their lives as Mr. Shinkle has. lie has seen a dense unoroken 
forest entirely removed and in its stead beautiful towns, villages, rich 
farms and prosperous, happv homes. 

The Shinkle and Owens families were pioiieers of Illinois as well as of 
Iowa. Daniel Shinkle was born in Brown county, Ohio, in 1S05, and when 
16 years old came with his pareiits west to wiiere the city of Springfield, 
111. DOW stands. David Owens at that time owned about 500 acres of land 
along the Sangamon River, and wnen Daniel Shinkle married ^'ancy Owens, 
her fatlier gave her 80 acres of land on which tl:iey made a home and on 
which E 1). Shinkle was born and which the town of Decatur was after- 
wards built. 

At the close of the Blackhawk War, the Owens and Shinkie families 
sold out their interests at Decatur and removed to the lead mines near Ga- 
lena, where they remained until coming to Jackson county, Iowa, inlbooaud 
1836. David Owens spent his last days with the Shinkle family and was 
buried in the old Parsonage burying ground on section 36 Farmers Creek 
townslilp. 

Wliile I am convinced that there were no earlier settlers than the part- 
ies named above, I am aware that quite a large number of settlers came to 
this part of the county in 1836. Steve and Ben Esgate took up claims at that 
time where the Esgate schoolhouse now stands about two miles west of the 
Shinkle settlement, and quite a colony came to Fulton in 1S36. 

While I can remember very well and can still locate all the sites of the 
Hrst cabins for miles around my home, I find it very difficult to learn but 
little of tlie people who built them, for the reason that the first settlers 
have long since passed away and their descendants have moved away. An- 
son 11. Wilson, 1 believe, is the last of the old pioneers who came here in the 
thirties as a grown up man, but there are a few descendants of pioneers 
like Mr. Shinkle, Mr. Isaiah Cooley, and Rev. .1. W. Said, who have a vivid 
recollection of real pioneer times. A large per cent of the settlers of 1S;]6 
came from the lead mines near Galena and not a few of them had partici- 
pated in tlie Blackhawk War. Among tlie latter class with wliom I was 
personally acquainted was Nathan and Jesse Said, Mr. Buchner, their broth- 
er-in-law, and old Mr. Fernisli, all of wliom settled in the forks of the Ma- 
quoketa. 



•■.1 1^1' : 



■8- 



Early Pioneers of Buckhorn and Vicinity. 

(Written by Farmer Buckhorn for the Jackson Count ' Historical Society.) 

Time obliterates, memory fades, and in another decade no man will live 
who from personal knowledge can point to the spot where the pioneers of 
Jackson county, Iowa, built their first cabins and liung their cranes. We 
find that as a matter of convenience our pioneers built as near timber, 
springs or streams as possible, and we can trace the sites of eight of tliose 
old, first houses along the banks of Pumpkin Kun. or Burleson Creek, be- 
tween the north line of section 20 Soutii Fork township and tiie county Hne 
of Jackson and Clinton counties, a distance not exceeding three miles. 
They were nearly all built wiiile Iowa was a territory. 

The first commencing near tlie north line of section 20, was built by 
Henry Mallard. who claimed and settled there in 1838. It was built of logs, 
one story and a loft~a short story at that, and not a very lofty loft. The 
door was on wooden liinges and a lialf windovv in the south side and also a 
half window in tiie north. xVt the west end was a tire place laid up with 
flat, small stones, with chimney of same material on out end of liouse. One 
reached the loft by mounting something that resembled "Jacob's Ladder." 
and when once up and tucked in under a blanket or a buffalo robe and 
sound asleeo, you were just as near iieaven as Jacob in his vision. This 
old house chinked with sticks and clav and shingled witli sliakes, was built 
on the point of a rise of land clo^e to the nortii line of tlie southwest quart- 
er of the northwest quarter ot section 20. Soutli Fork township, and about 
twenty rods east of the creek bank. Ilenry Maliard lived in this log houo^ 
over forty years when he built a new frame house juut east of the old leg 
house, and there iie died after over half a century's residence on land he 
settled on before the country had been surveyed. 

Before even tliis State iiad become Iowa territory, being yet Wisconsin 
territory until July the .3d of the same year, he claimed his land and settled 
on it. In his earlier days he has told us he was a sailor md was somewhat 
crippled in one foot bv an anchor falling upon it. He *vas a middling large, 
portly man, very dignified and brusque, and lived upon the square. Never 
in all the days we knew him (nearly forty years), did we hear a word 
breathed against the honor of '*nnclo Henry," as nearly everybody called 
him, even by those who were older than h.e. A few of (he earliost settlcr.s 
sometimes called him Captain, as in fact, he \>as entitled to l)e called, !iav- 
ing held a captain's commissi(>n in Co. .>. as then de.'-ignated, 1st Regiment. 
Isl lUigade and ;;rd Divi.sion, 'l\M-rit orial Mililia. .John II. Uo.se of l^i'iie- 
vue was Colonel of tlie regiment. C.ipt. M.illard recrivcti his commission in 



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9 



1839. It can be found on the Military records, and was signed by Robert 
Lucas, the first territorial governor of Iowa. That militia was organized 
because it was thouglit necessary to guard against possible Indian raids, and 
otlier border trouble. 

We have no doubt he made a good officer, for the natural make-up of the 
man was such as would lead him to exact and expect discipline without be- 
ing questioned. Then his faith in his abilitv to direct, and power to as- 
sume the responsibility of the move he thought best to make, and the de- 
cisive way he would dispose of opposition to his authority and opinions on 
matters over which he had control, and his natural military bearing, was of 
the kind of which good military officers are made. And it was unconscious- 
ly his, for he was not arrogant, overbearing or snobbish. He was a kindly 
man, though blunt and positive. 

His wife was a woman of great intelligence and a sincere Christian 
worker. She also had opinions of her own, and thougli there never was any 
heartfelt discord between the couple, the positive nature of eacli sometimes 
led one to question the other's opinion. If his wife, whom everyone loved 
to call, Aunt Eliza, would have her opinion questioned by Uncle Henry, she 
was apt to say very earnestly, "Henry, I say Henry, I am right." Then 
Uncle Henry being weary of the discussion and a little di.sconcerted at the op- 
position to his opinion and having a way of expressing himself more forceful 
than religious when he would clinch a matter he considered beyond further 
discussion, he would assume an authoritative attitude and retort, "By God 
sir, Madam, you are mistaken." 

During the winter of 1864 we lived with the old couple while yet they 
occupied their old log house, and thought it a great treat to sit of an even- 
ing by the old fireplace and listen to Uncle Henry tell of the pioneer days. 
1864 seems now almost like pioneer days and there was much of the old that 
never will be new again. There w^ere sometimes a red deer and millions of 
wild pigeons, and flocks of prairie chickens so numerous as to almost darken 
the sun, and quite a few wolves There is scarcely a chicken or a tiuiber 
wolf ever seen now, and never a pigeon. All are gone with the Indian aL"l 
the buffalo. Even as late as when we were with them they scorned the new- 
devices that were springing into use, such as the heating stove and iluid 
lamp. Aunt Eilza would light a tallow candle, or make what used to be 
called a "slut," with a saucer, a button, a rag and a little grease of some 
kind, get her work and kint at Uncle Henry's woolen socks. We would gath- 
er around the hearthstone, then Uncle Henry would till his clay pipe with 
tobacco of his own raising and tell me of days twenty-five years before, and 
more, when he and others were enduring the hardships of building a liome 
in the wilderness, l^ands of Indians came and went, hunting, trapping and 
begging. Herds of deer dotted the prairio.s by day and nigl\ts were made 
hideous by the ho^vling of packs of wolves, with the scream of the panther 
in the. near by woods no uncommon occurrence, and tracks of boar were of- 
ten visible along the soft banks of he creek and river. No grist mill near- 
er tlian I)ubu(iuo, forty miles through an unbroken forest. No postoMice 
or sawmill nearer than (^>elievue, twenty-.seven miles, as the crow Hies. No 



bridges, no roads m this country, and not a train of steam cars west of Phil- 
adelphia. Friends and relatives in the old far away home in reality farther 
away than they would be now in the heart of Africa. There were no mail 
cars, no postal cards, postage stamps or letter envelopes in existence. A 
letter from home came wrapped and sealed with wax, coming by rivers, 
lakes, stages and post riders. After many weeksjt would reach Bellevue— 
or a little later the settlement of Springfield, (now Maquoketa) with twenty- 
live cents postage due on it which meant twenty-tive times as much to those 
who came here before 1840, than it does to tlie poorest of men to-day who 
are able to work for present wages. Sometimes letters would have to lay 
for weeks in the office for the want of twenty-five cents to redeem them, 
while hearts were acbeins: and souls longing for news from distant friends. 

There was not a corn planter, reaper, mower, or threshing machine. The 
pioneer knew only the hoe, grain cradle, scytlie, flail to beat out the grain, 
aud the wind or a fanning mill to separate it from the chaff. Telephones 
and telegraphs, electric light, gas jets or kerosene lamps were unknown. 
The nearest approach to an automobile was a long sled wooden shod, and 
buggies, were ox-carts. A world in embryo was struggling to be born. We 
know not how we would live under those surroundings, not only a pioneer 
in a country's settlement, but a pioneer of our present civilization, but we 
honor those who did; they were Nature's unalloyed production. 

To-day the multiplicity of inventions that tiave drawn men nearer to 
each other in communication, the centralizing of individual workers into 
multitudes depending one upon another to complete the machinery now ne- 
cessary to life's maintenance; the more uniform system of education, and 
the demands of commercialism, have knocked off tlie sharp corners of the 
natural man, smoothed his personality, and to some extent, obliterated his 
individuality, made him much a creature of policy and of business men in 
general, diplomats, with much of individual action submerged in a common 
dependence upon a system that crystalizes custom, and is the autocrat of 
man's orbit. 

As a rule the pioneers of this country owned what education they had to 
uniform system, and they were so mucli the product of their own architect- 
ure; so much the creators of tiieir own resources: so close to the soil and 
moulded by the half savage altruistic influence of nature; so self-dependent 
upon and so much a law unto themselves: so free from the adhesive qualities 
of a system; so little bound by the cliains of commercialism; so strencthen- 
ed by the hardships of existence that each man was a clearly defined unit. 
He was a stranger to policy, and a friend to principles that were rock bound 
shores of independence of thousiit and action, and gavn him a personality 
so clearly defined and so different one from another, that he seemed more 
like an especial creation to found a separate and distinct race of pt'ople. 
But tlie "Village Blacksmith" has gone and so have the earliest of the 
pioneers. 

Henry ^lallard seemed to be one who loved the old tlwu^s best, for a 
reaper or mower never was seen on his pLire unless tirouirht there bv some- 
one who liad land on rent and he never used a dout)le corn worker in his life. 
He tended Ids corn with a live tooth c.iltivatiu drawn many seasons by a 



cream colored horse, he caJled "Dobbin." The animal seemed to be a great 
crony of his. for he would talk to that old horse by the liour and follow him 
down a corn row with all the pomp an otlicer of the day might assume, 
and command him as he might a troop at drill It Dobbin didn't ''hay 
foot, straw foot,'' to suit the captain, and got a little out of the ranks, it 
would be '-tley Dobbin, haw, there sir, what you doing on that- corn? 
You know better than that, 30U old rascal." 

Henry Mallard never adopted any religious creed tliat we ever knew of, 
except that of "good will tward all men and malice toward none." But 
Mrs. Mallard was a strict Baptist, not only on the seventh day, but seven 
days in the week. She attended the tirst Baptist meetirjg held in the Ma- 
quoketa valley region of Jackson and Clinton counties, Aug. .3Ist, 1842. at 
the house of VVm. Y. Earle, with Elder U. E. Brown (who was appointed 
missionary to the Forks of the Maquoketa) as minister. At that meetiug. 
the first Baptist clmrch orgaiiization in this country was perfected and Mrs. 
Mallard was one of the fifteen v/ho enrolled themselves as members at that 
first meeting. The others were C. E. Brown and wife. Esquire Taylor and 
wife, Jason l^angborn and wife, VVm. Y. Earle and wife, Levi Decker and 
wife, C. M. Doolittie and wife, Mrs Mitchell and Walter Wood worth. 

On account of an accident early in married life, there was no issue to 
perpetuate tiiis branch of the Mallard family An adopted daughter, Matil- 
da, found fond foster parents in Mr. and Mrs. xVIallard. After Matilda mar- 
ried and moved to Oregon, there was, while they both lived, an extra plate 
on the table at every meal. We have seen Mrs. Mallard place it there many 
a time, and once asked her why she did it. Uer answer was. "Oh, some 
one might come hungry and it would save me from getting up." What a lot 
she left unanswered. 

JOSEPH M.\LLART) AND FAYETTE :MALLAKD. 

Besides Henry Mallard, there came to JacKson county in the same year. 
1838, two brothers of his, Joseph S., and Fayette Mallard. The Mallard's 
were from New York City, where Joseph and Fayette liad been in the mer- 
cantile business. Failing in business there through some stress of the times, 
they concluded to come to the far west. Early in 1838, we find the tliree 
Mallard brothers here in Jackson county, and active in pioneer work. 

Joseph Mallard got a claim in section 29 Soutii Fork township and built 
a log house on it near the west line of the forty and twenty rods north of 
the south line of tlie northeast quarter of the northeast quarter of said sec- 
tion. This house was built just south of where now runs the Maquoketa 
and Anamosa wagon road, nearly on the site of the present building known 
in the near past as the Arch Atherton house. We tind Joseph Mallard was 
on the first grand jury of the district court of Jackson county, held at Belle- 
vue beginning J une loth, lo.'JS. Tliis court was presided over by Chas. 
Dunn, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Wisconsin territory. 'i'he 
otlier jurymen of that court, were James Wooci, Benjamin Jhuison. Thomas 
Parks, Samuel Draper, James Burtis, John Stuckey, John I). Bell, Wm. 
Smith, J. S. Kirkpatrick, David Bates, Daniel Brown, .lames McCahe. W. 
H. Vandeventer, Ciias. Harris, Webster McDowell, Win. Bhillips, Obediah 



Sawtell, Jnmes Kimball. Shaderac Burleson, M. Sevmore, R. G. Enoc and 
H. G. Hiiikley. Joseph Mallard was also clerk of tlie second commissioners 
court, the board of which was elected in the fall of 1838. Joseph Mallard 
also was commissioned by (iov. Lucas. Catpain of Company 6, 1st Regiment, 
1st Brigade, 3rd Division Infantry of the Territorial Militia of 1839. 

This country in those days was evidently quite a military region .for 
Maquoketa prided itself on beins? more or less military, also George Mit- 
chell, Jim Fairbrother and a few more raw recruits marched up Academy 
hill and Dave Anderson and one of Uncle John E. Goodenow's girls march- 
ed up to the Hymenial Altar— which is a darn sight steeper hill, for there 
the real battle begins to see whether the victory shall rest with pantaloons 
or petticoat. We don't know where in 1839, could be found men enough in 
marching distance of Buckhorn for two companies. Joseph and Henry Mal- 
Jard being captains, one of Co. 3 and the other of Co. (5, same regiment; 
and we don't know why Buckhorn wanted so many captains. But we sup- 
pose as every other man in Kentucky was a colonel, that it was considered 
unpretentious for nearly every body around Buckhorn to be captain. Dur- 
ing the Gi vil War— if a war can be civil— we used to be captain too. We 
gave motlier no peace until she sewed some white rags on our blue demings 
jumper and overalls, when with a good broad sword made out of a lath, we 
led a band of nold spirits up and down wishing we could meet Jeff Davis 
and the whole southern Confederacy. 

Through the research of Harvey Reid in the Col. Cox history, we learn 
tliat Josepli Mallard was married (we believe by the Rev. Salter) to Cor- 
delia Cox, daughter of Col. Thomas Cox, at Richland, Iowa, May 1st, 1845, 
and that eight children were born to this union. Mary, who married Col. 
Isaac R. Dunkleberger. a retired military commander of Los Angeles, Cal. 
Augusta who married Benjamin C Truman, Josephine who remained single 
Henry named after Captain Henry Mallard heretofore mentioned. Walter 
and Clarence Stillman Mallard besides two who died in infancy whose names 
we do not know. 

Personally we know nothing of the personality of Joseph Mallard as he 
after eleven years residence in Jackson county emigrated in 1849 to southern 
California at or near Los Angeles with the Cox family and others. That was 
four years before I was born and I ought to be excused: having a poor mem- 
ory anyway, for not remembering the personality of the man. it is said 
though, by thos(^ who did know him, that he like his brother Fayette, was 
a man of education, retinement and culture, and the fact of his being so 
quickly ciiosen to till importanht public positions, bears out that version of 
the matter. 

Since going to California, the Joseph Mallard family all became wealthy 
and prominent. ^Ve do not know in wliat vear .loseph Mallard or either of 
liis brothers died, but it was well along in old age. 

Fayette Mallard, as we have before said, came here in lvS38 {rom Now 
York City. He claimed l.md in sect ion 'J!) joining t hat of his hrollior .lo- 
seph, and built his tirst house of logs— as all tlio earliest settlors did. His 
liouso was built near the site of the present, buildings of Walter Miller on 
the hill south of the east line of the Waterford cemetery, and In the nortti- 



west quarter of the northeast quarter of section 29 South Fork township. 
It was there on that liill near Fayette Mallard's house, that liistory teils 
us the first American flag raised on Jackson county soil was unfurled to 
the breeze, July 4th, 1840, by Ans. Wilson, who bought the cloth and 
Thomas Wright, Jr. who painted on the stars and stripes. The cemetery, 
which to-day is so densely populated by our pioneers and their descendants, 
was a part of the Fayette Mallard claim. His sister was the first person 
buried therein, and his wife was, if not the second, the third or fourth per- 
son buried there. The cemetery is the northwest six acres of the north- 
west quarter of the northeast quarter of section 29, and was purchased for a 
public cemetery at a meeting held for that purpose on or about ISol. At 
tiiat time about two acres was purchased by each one putting in one dollar. 
Thirty dollars we think, was raised which Mr. Mallard thought was too 
much, as he did not want any more than the actual laud value at that time. 
Land isn't selling around there for $15.00 to-day. 

There was a little incident connected with that meeting which periiaps 
we had better relate. Some transient stranger from the east attended the 
meeting out of curiosity, and after the rest had put in their dollar he walk- 
ed up and put in one also. It created quite a bit of surprise among the set- 
tlers, who no doubt found a dollar mighty hard to get in those days, to see 
a total stranger chipping in equal with the rest. Tiieir surprise was plain- 
ly discernable to the stranger who said, "Gentlemen, you need not be sur- 
prised. We are all going to need a grave yard and I have no doubt some 
one has bought one for me somewhere." 

About 1851, or '52, Mr. Mallard sold out his farming land in section 29, 
and bought a small parcel in the southwest quarter of the souttuvest quarter 
of section 20, across the road from S. Burleson's (of wliom we expect (o 
speak in anotiier article), and built thereon quite a pretentious frame build- 
ing for those days, and opened a hostelry for tiie traveling public. A 3 ear 
or so later, 1853 we think, he built a two-storv frame for a store building 
near the east end of the tavern stand that was known as the "Waterford 
House.'" It was some time between 1851 and 1853, that Mr. Mallard began 
to take his beer, by marrying the widow Beer. She had two girls by the 
name of Lucy and Grace, and by the grace of luce they were botii peaches. 

Fayette Mallard kept the Waterford postotlice for many years and was 
known far and near as Es(iuire Mallard, being justice of tlie peace and no- 
tary public, a long while. He was a gentleman of the old school, polite, dig- 
nified and courteous to all and well liked by his fellow citizens. His family, 
if we remember right, consisted of two boys and six girls. Wni. and John. 
Henrietta wlio married Kinsey Karland, Anna, wife of Wm. iiurleson, Eliz- 
abeth, who was Perry Moulton's wife, and Janie. who married A! Nee(i- 
ham, ali of whom were by his lirst wife. By liis second wife there svere a 
pair of twin girls, nick-namod "liose" and "l)od." 

In 18()3 Fayelte left Buckhorn, or rather Waterford. and svith I'orrv 
Moulton, Will. Moulton, Wm. Oonniston, Walter Woodworth and others 
witli their families, vvent overland to California. The .Nlallards. W (xmI vv(M t hs. 
and Perry Moulton and family remained there. Wm. Moulton and nonrilston, 
iitter serveral years, returned by the way of the Isthmus and New York 
(^ity. 



„.Kf 



The Buckhorn Country's Territorial Pioneers and Where 
They Built Their First Houses. The Wilcox 
Families. 

(Written by Farmer Buckhorn for the Jackson Oouniy Historical Society,) 

Some time about 1S42, John Wilcox bought a claim consisting of 100 
acres, the northwest quarter of section 29, and also a twelve acre tract of 
Shade Burleson in the soutliwest quarter of section 20. and built a log house 
" thereon. This house, which was the first liouse built by Wilcox in Jackson 
county, Iowa, was erected thirty rods east of north of where the highway 
crosses the creek and eleven rods east of creek and just nortli of wljere now 
stands what is known as the old Robert Haines house, all in southwest 
quarter of the southwest quarter of section 20 South Fork township. Later 
Wilcox built a large frame house and barn on his land in section 29. A part 
of the lumber for these buildings was sawed at a svater mill on the Maquo- 
keta river, and a part hauled from Lyons by team. They were built some 
time about 1855 and are apparetitly as good as ever after fifty years and 
are owned by J. E. Shirk. 

Wilcox came to Iowa in 1840 and first settled in South Grove just over 
the line in Clinton county. He came from Canada— he and his wife— by 
team, leaving there February Itlth, and arriving liere March 2i<th being 
thirty-five days on the road. He was a native of Moritgomery county, New 
York, where he spent the first IS years of his life, dating from April 2nth. 
1808, when he was born. .Mrs. Wilcox also was a native of York State, hav- 
ing been born at Plattsburg. Her maiden name was Maria Caswell. 

- Mr. Wilcox was not a man to take any very active part in public atTaiis. 
though he had been town trustee, school director and for a while postmast- 
er, and for many vears deacon of the Baptist church here. He and his wife 
were life long and steadfast disciples of that faith. During revivals Mrs. 
Wilcox semcd to be a vvilhng slave for from two to six preachers, as the Wil- 
cox home was always head(iuarters for the cloth of the Baptist denomina- 
tion. Aunt Maria would trot trot looking after everv little detail for their 
comfort and some of them not half so old as she, \or half so religious either 
and looked as thoiigh they tiad pastured on clover during the summer and 
been corn fed in the fall), seemed very willing to let her. Hudson, one of 
the Wilcox boys, said he alwavs liked to have the preaohers come, lor Ma 
always had so many good preserves then. 

Jolui Wilcox was below the average man in height h. and slow hut meth- 
odical, industi ious and being nearly alwav.s at w(Mk accojnplished much. 



His honesty and his word never was questioned and his paper for any rea- 
sonable Timount was giltedge. {Fie never was known to put out any unrea- 
sonable amount. ) He was a temperance man of the strictest kind, never 
using either liquor or tobacco in any form and never was guilty of what 
Roosevelt would call "Race Suicide," having born to him eight children — 
live boys and three girls. Hudson, Warren, Columbus, Ferdinand and Leon- 
ard, his last boy died in infancy. The giris were Sarah, wlio married Wm. 
Moulton, Mary, wife of Geo. Frank, and Leuora, who married Horace De- 
lano. The Wilcox geneological tree had many branches, all more or less 
fruitful, and was transplanted into this country before the American 
Revolution, and was rooted deep in pariotism. Politically .John Wilcox was a 
republican and strong abolitionist, as was all of his brothers. 

If blood tells, they couldn't have been otherwise tharj imbued with a 
love of human liberty for it is claimed that among their ancestors there was 
revolutionary stock, and we learn from the historical researches of Harvey 
Reid, (a painstaking local historian), that the father of Joiin Wilcox, Eben- 
ezer Wilcox was in the Canadian revolt under Wm. Lezon Mackensie, 1837 
and 1838, against the British government. After Mackensie's defeat near 
Toronto, Dec. 7th, 1337, b]benezer Wilcox was taken prisoner and kept in 
prison for ten months when he was pardonei, after which he came to the 
States with his family and lieaded for the Black Hawk purchase in Iowa, 
and in 183!) (a year previous to the coming of his son John of this sketch) 
settled on land in section 23 Monmouth township, Jackson county, and built 
a Jog house on a rise of land close to the south bank of Bear Creek at a 
point in the northwest quarter of the soutliwest quarter of said section and 
township, and spent his remaining days there in as beautiful a natural loca- 
tion as Iowa can furnish. His house overlooked the clear rippling waters of 
Bear Creek that came down from the southwest and led a war to the north- 
east with its banks timber fringed with scattering stately old oaks and 
elms and its bottom land a shadv natural pasture that in early days was a 
satistying retreat for the red deer and elk. 

He, Ebenezer Wilcox was born in Glenn, Montgomery county. New 
York, March 13th, 178(5, and died June 7th, 1855, where he settled in Iowa 
sixteen years before. He, like his son John, was of the Baptist faith and 
the father of quite a large family several of whom were nearly life long citi- 
zens of Jackson county, Iowa. Those of his children who lived to be old and 
died here were John, of whicli much has alreadv been said, and William who 
was nearly a life long resident of Mill Rock, owning a farm near tliere and 
for many vears proprietor of a general store there and post master and justice 
of the peace. Also Abner, who many years osvned and lived on the farm 
joining his father's on the south, until he sold out to his son, Noble, and 
moved to Baldwin where he died and where now lives his widow whose 
maiden name was Lydia Chandler, daughter of Gen. Satiuiel Chandler, 
wlio was one of three— Col. .James Morroau and J^enjamin W aite being tJic 
otliers- -who led an invasion of Canada l)y a force organized in America in 
1838 and was made prisoner and sentenced to t)e liung, l)ut Jiad liis sentence 
coinruuted to banishment on Van Dieraoii's land but tvsoaped after four years 
by the help of a l)r()ther mason wlio was t he master of a Yankee vessel, and 



in 1843 came with liis family to Jackson county, Iowa., There were nine 
children in Ebenezer Wilcox's family. It will be noticed the Wilcox's were 
ail iiere in territorial days. 

It is not our intent to write so fully of tiie Wilcox family to eulogize tiiem 
members of one particular liouse as it is to illustrate the type of men who 
first peopled tliis country. Nearly ail of them were men of force and iron wills- 
or, they would not have been here hewing houses out of a wilderness tliat was 
only known to most men of the east as a spot on the map nearly a thousand 
miles toward the setting sun and beyoEd bridgeJess streams dense for- 
rests almost bottomless sloughs and unbroken almost trackless prairies, stiii 
the home of wild beasts and no stranger to roving bands of Indians. It must 
be born in mind those who came liere to settle before Iowa become a state 
came before the age of steam and steel and nearly all of the modern in- 
ventions that lias made settlement comparatively a picnic, liad scarcely be- 
gun. Once in a wliile a steamboat that traversed the Ohio and Missis- 
sippi rivers was the only link between the frontier and the older civiliza- 
tion of the east and the south. Lo, now, after sixty years of statehood 
here centers an agricultural empire that is Godfather to the east, nurse to 
the south and granary for the whole world. 

When John Wilcox came here in 1S40, he came poor as nearly all the 
early settlers came, and endured his share of the hardships incidental to 
pioneering in those days. Although the country had already began to take 
on life and there was some grain and other produce to be had necessity did 
not compel him to live at first by the chase as was the case of those who 
.came as early as 1836 and 1837. In the tirst several years of his settlement 
he hauled dressed hogs to Galena about sixty miles and has sold them as low 
as one dollar the cwt., and taken his pay in trade. He. for some time, went 
to Cascade to mill, twenty-tive miles distant. For many years he, like all tiie 
early settlers, hauled grain to points on the Mississippi and hauled pine 
lumber and many necessaries liome. A round trip consumed three days, 
weather and all things favoral)le. 

FoT over thirty years after Iowa first began to be settled there was no 
law in Jackson county to restrain stock, except hogs and sheep, from run- 
ning at large and all tilled land had to be fenced. There was no wire fence 
then and during the tirst few years of settlement no board fences, the only 
kind of fence the earliest settlers knew of svas fences made from rails split 
from logs and laid up worin fashion with a stone under each corner and 
staked and ridored. As it took a log ten feet long bv about two feet tiirough 
to furnish rails and stakes for one rod of fence one can gain a faint idea of 
the amount of timl^er and work it took to fence even forty acres of land. 
As tlie settlers tirst house and fences all had to be tlie liand wrouglit pro- 
duct of tlie forest, we can urider.starui why our pioneers could not exist far 
from timber And as all well water for stock and house use had to be 
lifted by rope and l)ucktt we can see why near springs and streams were 
favorite places o! settlement. 

When we take into consideration all the inconv^Miiences ami the lack of 
nearly all the usefwl and labor saving inventions of later davs, we begin to 
know what manner of men the pioneers of this country imist have been. 



or- - 




IT 



Though John Wilcox, like most of our early settlers, came here with scarce- 
Jy a dollar and never was a speculator in any sense of the word, but wl]at 
he had he wrouj^lit out by hard labor, had as early as 1855 his farm well 
fenced and nearly all under cultivation and a house and barn erected that 
would do credit as ordinary farua buildings to any age or stage of civiliza- 
tiOD. About the same time several others of our early settlers including 
Burleson, Pence, Finton and Haven's had substantial frame buidings erect- 
ed, all of which yet stand lit monuments to the architects of other days 
who took the lumber rough from the saw and hand planed all necessary to 
be dressed, and made by hand all mouldings, rabbet and panel work. Some 
of the joist in the S. Burleson house was worked out with a whip saw. 

When we compare the finish on some of those early houses built in the 
early fifties (like the old Eddy house in Maquoketa for instance) with many 
of later build severely plain— even unto meanness— it gives one a profound 
respect for those who wrought by hand so well in other days. As we liave 
the record of three generations of Wilcoxs' before the John Wilcox of this 
narrative to sliow how much of the spirit of Roosevelt they possessed, and 
for the benefit of any who in the future cares to know, we will record it 
here. 

John Wilcox, Sr. was born in Connecticut, April 15th. 17.32, and married 
Anna Stephens who was born Jan. 6th, 1734. They b^got Ebenezer Wilcox 
born June 5th, 1760; John Jr. born Jan. 12, 1762; James born Feo. 18, 1764; 
Wm. born Feb. 18, 1766; Anna born March 17, 1768; David, born Jan. 18, 
1770; Levi born Dec. 17th, 1772; Amy born Feb. 28th, 1774: and Dinah 
born March 14th, 1776. 

John Wilcox, Jr. born Jan. 12th, 1762, married Lois Anger born Feb. 
17th, 1758, and their issue was Ebenezer, born March 13, 1786, Elizabeth 
born March 19, 1788; David born Dec. 23, 1790; Anna born Oct 19, 1794: 
Prudence born Aug. 1, 1796; Lois born April 5, 1798; and Mary born Jan. 21, 
1800. 

Ebenezer, son of John Wilcox, Jr., was born March 13, 1786, and mar- 
ried Jael Ilanchet, who was born Sept. 30, 1790. Their otlbears vvere John 
Wilcox III, born April 26, 1808; Anna E. born Aug. 24, 1809: David IT. born 
Feb. 2, 1811; Maria born June 10, 1813; Nelson born July 8. 1815: Harmon 
S. born Dec. 16, 1817; A buer T. born July 16th, 1S20: William born Oct. 
7, 1823; and Ebenezer Jr. born Nov. 15. 1829. As there was a child born 
into these three Wilcox generations on an average of one in about two years, 
and there vvere eight in the family of John Wilcox III of the fourtli gener- 
ation, it will be readily seen that the Wilcox's were race propagators and the 
Wilcox geneological tree was quite a thicket. 



I 



A Brief History of the Life and Military Services of Cap- 
tain Andrew VvMlliam Drips. 

(Compiled for the .lackson County Historical Society by J. W Ellis. Curator) 

In preparing a sketch of the life of Captain Drips, a pioneer of Iowa 
and a hero of two wars, we tind material for much more space than we 
would be justified in claiming in our little booklet that our limited means 
permits us to publish. We are indebted to Mrs. M. A. Knight, wife of A. 
W. Drips, for an account of the antecedents and early history of the Captain 
and are particularly indebted to Harvey Reid and his wonderful military 
scrap book from wlilch we have been permitted to copy from letters written 
by members of Captain Drips company, showing their estimate of their gal- 
lant captain. The letters referred to were written to be read at a. public 
meeting in Maquoketa. March 7th, 1887. wherein the exercises were com- 
memorative of the 25th anniversary of tlie battle of Pea Ridge, where Drips 
was killed. The principal feature of the exercises was the presentation of 
the swords of Captains Drips and Kelsey to tiie Grand Army Post in Maquo- 
keta. 

Andrew William Diips was born in Laughlinstown, Westmoreland coun- 
ty, Pennsylvania. March 4th, 1826. His father was William Drips, a I^enn- 
sylvanian of D"ish descent. His mother was Martha Clark, a Pennsyl vanian 
of Scotch descent. They resided in Westmoreland county until 1850. when 
they came west and settled in Garnavillo township, Clayton county, Iowa. 
The fatiier died at National, in an adjoining township, on the l8Hi of 
March, 1881, in tlie 92nd year of his age. He was a pensioner of the war of 
1812 in which iie did a gallant and meritorious service. The mother, Mar- 
tha, died April 12tli, 1874, in the 82nd year of her age. She was intelligent 
and learned, a ladv of culture and retineraent. a great reader, readily grasp- 
ing the most dillicult problems, hence a partner with that force and charac- 
ter which served her advantageously in shaping the lives and character of 
those committed to her care. Botli were active and earnest Ctuistians, the 
mother devoutly so in the administration of all the duties of life. 

The children of William and Martha Drips were five sons and six dau^lj- 
ters, all of whom lived to manhood and womanh(>od, save one, .lames, who 
died in early vouth. Ro!)ert C. died in (Garnavillo, Iowa, in 1S."»<;, at the 
age of ?A years. The surviving sons, Thomas, .\ndrow. .hiseph and .lohn, 
(the latter an adopted son), were in The I'liion army. Corporal John F. 
was a member of O). A !)t.h Iowa, and (iied in hospital at Memphis, Tonn.. 
in the fall of 18(12; Thomiis was captain of Co. K, 271 h low;i, .uid died at 
Clayton, loA'a, from disease contracted in tlie service soon afli-r the close of 



Kl 



the war; Joseph H. survives, residing at Maione, Iowa, thougfh nearly blind 
from his severe service as a member of tlie Cth Iowa Cavalry. 

Andrew, the subject, of this sketch, was educated and trained under the 
guidance of his mother in the common schools in Westmoreland county, Pa. 
At the age of sixteen he became apprenticed to O. A. Traugli, publisher of 
the Ilollidaysburg (fjlair Co., Pa.,) Standard, to learn tlie art of printing, 
and with wliom he remained until the breaking out of the war between the 
United States and i^Iexico, when he joined Capt. Dana's company, but on 
the arrival at Pittsburg, on accountt of ill health was rejected. Nothing 
daunting, however, he joined Capt. John W. Greary's Company B, 2nd Regi- 
ment Pennsylvania Volunteers, from Cambria county, in which he was ac- 
cepted and mustered into the service. He served with honor and distinc- 
tion to the close of tlie war. Was wounded in the thigh, receiving a flesh 
wound, in the charge upon the castle in the battle of Chepuitepec, Sept. 
12th, 1847, and laid in the hospital about six months 

With the close of liostilities he returned to Hollidaysburg, Pa., having 
been mustered out of the service at Pittsburg in the fall of 1848, and again 
entered the printing office where his apprenticeship began. Here he re- 
mained until the winter of 1851, when he obtained a situation witli the 
State Printer at Harrisburg, He had learned phonography during his ap- 
prenticeship, and during the session of the Pennsylvania legislature he re- 
ported the proceedings of the lower house for the daily press, taking it down 
in shortliand and copying during the evening. In this art he was an expert 
and the year of his stay in HarrisUurg furnished liim ample opportunity to 
improve upon his knowledge in the use of phonographic characters and 
signs. 

He was easy in military tactics and long before the ^lexican war organ- 
ized and commanded tiie Hollidaysburg Cadets, a company oT young men 
about his own age. We believe that E. W. II. Jacobs, now residing at Mc- 
Gregor, and brother of the captain's wife, was one of the cadets. From 1849 
to 1852 Capt. Drips commanded the HoUisdaysburg Guards, a company that 
enjoyed a high distinction in those days of general training. 

March 21st, 18o0, Mr. Drips was united in marriage to Miss Margaret 
Ann Jacobs, at Hollidaysburg, Penn. Her parents were Alexan([er .lacobs 
and Dorcus Van Devander. Tlie father died Oct. 21st, 1852. the mother pie- 
ceeding him to the grave March 12th, 1841. The father was of English de- 
scent, a pensioner of the war of 1812. The mother Was of Holland descent, 
a lady of rare attainments, a mind rich in knowledge, a soul imbued witli 
devotions to every Christian principle. 

Andrew and Margaret came west iri April, 1852, and set Mod in (Jarnavillo 
township, where Mr. Drips was employed as a copyist in llie county record- 
er's office, the county seat of Clayton county being then at (iarnavillo. 
Jan. 28th, 1S5;J, N. S. Granger establishud Hie Clayton Count v lloraUI. and 
Mr. Drips was employed as its publisher, in wliich capacity he served unt il 
Aug. 18th, 1854, when he succeeded to the proprietorshli) of the paper, a'ul 
^'ontinued to publish the Herald until in 185i» when the county seat was re- 
moved to Guttenberg, and he packed his l»it of printing ai.d followed. 
Here he remained tor two years in the publication of the Herald, whon bet- 



ter opportunities presented themselves, and he sold out to McBride & Co., 
and took up his residence at Maquoketa. in Jackson county, where he ob- 
tained an interest in the Maquoketa Excelsior. With this paper [le remain- 
ed until the date of his enlistment into the service of the United States, in 
anwser to the call for 300,000. lie was also postmaster at Maquoketa, and 
upon his entering: the military service of the government, he was succeeded 
by his wife wlio conducted the oilice until October. 1864. 

Naturally, one of iiis temperament— with an intense admiration tor the 
principles on which the government was founded, and who, from early boy- 
hood, had been schooled to the enjoyment ot a perfect treedom'and the ad- 
vancement of the human race, entertaining the most pronounced opinions 
upon the slavery questioi], then agitating the country, and the primary 
cause of the rebellion's inaugurated by the seceding states south of the Mi- 
son and Dixon line— would be about the tirst to respond to his country's 
call. He was true to the instincts of true patriotism, and upon the call of 
the President immediately took steps for the organization of a company in 
which he was quite successful, but having failed to secure enlistments into 
the company to the full niaximum number it was not until August 20(h, 
1861, that his company was accepted. In the choice of otliCers he was elect- 
ed captain, and when on a later day he reported at the rendezvous at Du- 
buque, his company was assigned as A Company of the 9th Iowa Volunteers. 
The following is the roster: 

OFFICERS. 

Captain A. VV. Drips. 

First Lieutenant '. ..Florello M. Kelsey. 

Second Lieutenant Alpheus Alexander. 

PRIVATES. 

■ Phillip A. Miller 
Thomas J. Cornell 
Joseph Ingraham 
John S. McGatt'er 
Dennis O. Kelly 
G. O. Tinker, musician 
K. Smith Delano 
Frederick Cogswell 
L. L. Martin 
Chas. n. Lyman 
Otis Crawford 
Stephen R. Martin 
Jacob Country 
Wm. Brock 
Sam'l Mc(/Omb 
VV. IL Livingston 
Fred J DeGrusli 
John \V. McMeans 
George VV. Little 
Alex. Van Orsdel 
VVillit 11. Wait 



A. B. Kendig, ("haplaio 
George Trout 
George M. Bump 
Elmer Stephens musician 
Benj. F. Darling, Jr. 
H. H. P. Millhausen 
John S. Billups 
Jesse Updegrair 
Franklin I). Taylor 
Daniel Tubbs 
Oscar Krairt 
George C. Pearce 
Sydney H. Fuller 
Ira Fisher 
Henry F. Spear 
Ormus D. liancroft 
Asher Biley 
John VV. Alexander 
Hiram (Coleman 
VVtiitman Uohinson 
William II. nopkii\s 



I 



21 



Samuel D. Townsend 
Edwin Darling 
Francis N. Rhoades 
VVm. H. n. Guist 
Edward A. To! man 
Oliver Beckwith 
J. W. Esty 
Wm. S. Seward 
F. Reyner, musician 
Peter Miller, Jr. 
Henry H. Snepard 
Silas Harcourt 
J. H. Guenlher 
Henry C. Sauborn 
Thomas Gray 
James McNally 
Aaron Seeber 
David B. i^attersou 
John Wicking 
Josliua Griudrod 
Leveret W. Usher 
Henry A. Grote 
W. S. Yan Orsdel 
Samuel Beckwith 
Tijomas Grout 
Wm. M. Thompson 
James B. Holloway 
John B. Spelman 
John Adams 



H. A. Ramsey 
Lucius Bennett 
Joseph A. Davis 
John Markle 
Menzo Sweet 
W. H. O. xManow 
S. F. Gordon, musician 
Jonathan D. Hodge 
Addison \V. Barnes 
Floyd \Y. Foster 
James B. Eby 
Geo. A. Whiting 
Henry L. Klinger 
Samuel S. Scott 
James S. Hamilton 
Henry Brown 
Josiah Brown 
Levi L. Rearce 
John F. Drips 
Warren Spaulding 
Andrew H. Brown 
Henry C. Cleveland 
John H. Green 
Edwin G. Cutler 
Alfred M. Norton 
Francis P. Norton 
Sylvester D. Brown 
Ira Downey 
Charles C. Young 



List of men rejected by the mustering officer Sept. 2nd, 

buque: ^ 
Dennis C. Keliy 
Daniel Tubbs 
Sydney Fuller 
Stephen Gordon 
Silas Harcourt 



18r)i. at Du- 



Francis Parnell 
J. W. Estey 
F. N. Rhodes 
Aaron Leebur 
Henry C. ('ieaveland 



Additional enlistments in Company A were as follows: 



N. C. White 
Marcus Reyner 
Austin Alexander 
Andrew Mc Means 



Phineas Tompkins 
William Trout 
Samuel Dickinson 
Robert 'I'liompson 



John H. Crane 



William Trout iiays the following tribute to iiis old coinmaudt'r. ma let- 
ter written in 18S7 to be read at a meet ing held in Matv-'oketa on I bt* IMh 
anniversary of (lie l)attle ot Poa Ridge. 

It was at Pea Ruige our loved ('aplain Drips gave up his life. It was 



1 rlii^ 



'"> \ 



■A V 



a sad time and as I think it all over it makes me feel sad. But such was 
tlie fate of many a brave man. Of Captain Drips I would say farther, he 
was always with us, never shirking a duty, ever kind and tender, and above 
all just in dealing? with all. I remember when we were camped at Pacific, 
Missouri, his treatment of disloyal Missourians. He had a piercing ey€ 
which could look a rebel through and through. I have heard him talk to 
them in such a way they would crouch at his feet and beg for mercy. He 
always gave them one chance for their lives, but wlien brought before him 
the second time would send them to— well, I do not know wtiere, I did not 
go with them. I might speak of several such instances but forbear; the past 
is in the past, and many of the rebels South are under the sod, their souls 
in heaven I hope (witli the exception of a dozen or so.) 

Had Capt. Drips lived he would have been Colonel of the Regiment, as^ 
he had so endeared liimself to the hearts of us all, that no honor was too 
great to be conferred upon him. (3t Lieut. Kelsey I can speak in the higli- 
est terms of praise, lie was always daring, brave and a good disciplinarian, 
not as cautious and as calculating as was Capt. Drips perhaps, but always 
ready, always to the front in time of danger. He was a man of retined, 
cleanly habits, and at first thought by some to be putting on style, being 
neat and careful in his appearance. He compelled those under him to ob- 
serve the same rules, whicti caused no little inconvenience, but as we learn- 
ed to know liim we respected him more; he set a good example and was liked 
by all. 

The following is taken from a letter written by George Trout of Wame- 
go, Kansas, in 1887: 

My recollections of Capt. Drips was that he was a strict disciplinarian, 
always in earnest, but kind to those who did their duty. Personally I never 
had any trouble with either of thena. Capt. Kelsey I think was more of a 
military man. While he demanded strict discipline, he was quite jovial and 
on that account was perhaos more popular with the boys, but both were 
good men and had the respect not only of Co. A, but the ollicers and men of 
the whole regiment knew them, and regarded both of them as above the 
average commissioned otlicer. 

Tlie march from Rolla, Missouri, to Pea Ridge, was a tedious one. It 
was in the spring time when rain and mud were plentiful There is no mud 
on earth so sticky as Missouri mud. The streams were so swollen tliat in 
some cases we liad to make bridges of army wagons for the infantry, wfiich 
was done by loading the wagons with rock and placing them near enough so 
that the soldiers could pass from one to the ot her. In many cases the Morses 
had to swim and the artillery went clear out of sight. It was soon alter 
one of these vscenes that one of our company deserted. 1 think tl)e only one 
during the war— Josiali Brown. I tiardly blame tlie fellow for the boys we!'e 
always picKing on him, and [ think tliat was more the cause of liis desorl ing 
than the hardships of soldiering. He, at least, has my forgiveness. i;>uite 
a number of our fellows deserved to he bucked and gagged for I heir mean- 
ness to ot hers. Tlicy would get some rig or joke up on some oik- and Uiu-p it 
up until the fellow wouUl l)e templed to do sonu'.lhiiig desperate. 

About) the lirst of March, ISdJ, we came near the vicinity ol Tea Kidge. 



«K ,4- 



Arkansas, and on account of the many and good natural positions, I suppose 
the enemy nliose tliis place for their battle Rround. Their troops were a. 1 
made up froQi this portion of the countrj\ and they must have known all 
about the ground. They drew us on and considerable bevond tlie trnal bat- 
tle ground, then by a quick and stealthy movement got in our rear, cutting 
us oil from any retreat in that direction. In fact, they had us cornered for 
a tight and tight we liad to. On the 7th of March everything was in readi- 
ness and we went for eacii other. As far as I know we were the attacking 
party in every instance and rather got tiic worst of it. Our brigade took a 
position a httle east of the old Elkhoru tavern. 1 shall never forget wh.iit 
a feeing came over me when the tiring began. 1 remember we had souie 
trouble getting into position, when sve finally got into line ofv battle we 
v.ere right in front of a masked, battery. The ground was covered wiih 
small gravel. The rebels depressed their gui^s, and th.c g^-apc and canni5:tcr 
would strike the ground before reaching r.s, and sweep up gravel which as 
often struck our boys as the shot. It was there where Bancroft was l:illed. 
1 tin'nk a grape shot killed him. Quite a number of our fellows got hurt 
while in that position. The groaning of the wounded frightened me nioie 
than the excitement of battle. 

Our position being such that the rebels had to cross lire on us, and im- 
mcdiatel}' in front of ttieir battery, we were ordered to move a short dis- 
tance to trie left, which brouglit us immediately in front of their line of 
battle. The whole regiment began tiring and the battle raged all along the 
line. We were almost willim stone throw of each other, and we stood there 
loading firing as fast as we could. J think it was while in tliis posit icn 
that ('a{)t. l)rips received his death wound. 1 remember seeing liim swoiii 
in one hand and pistol in the other urging' the men to stand jirm and do 
tliL'ir duly. After 1 had lired about 15 rounds I rocci\eil a hucKshol through 
the right liand, thi;y liied hal! and l)iiclv-. The large ball s'ru. k my cartricl^'c 
box on tlie end, flattening sonu'wliat three mlnnie balls in the lower tier. 1 
was just in the act of taking out a cart rid>,'e, and of ciiurse it paralyzed my 
liand so I could not load any more. I bej]an to look around to .see if 1 couk! 
get back with out, getting struc!;. J starloil ami iiad gone only a fev, slips 
when 1 met a, fellow of oui legiuient with a ball in his foot. Of comse il 
v/as a [iaiiiful v.ound and he In'gged uje to help iiim olV. 1 look his mu.^l;«. i 
and with my own about n^y neck, slinig tlKin on my shoulder l»y llic si raps, 
then asiUM.l him to put his ai'Dis about my nec!( and witli nr, wounded h.and 
supported him thi! best I ccjidd, a.nd v. c -t a rt rd fni' (he ri-ar. 1 have often 
wcjiidcred how ue esCiiped. the air seemed lull dI whisileioji l)ulh>;s. Wh^n 
we got near the Mlkh trn, I he le'bels wei'e just appropi iat : n;,' foi' iheii- uv.n 
n:a; a |Jorl i(jn of our best b;;t(ei'ies. 1 think it was llayvien's. 'I'hoy got 
three of I h(! ^\\\t\s .uid lui neii iIm m on us. We came, very mar being klllfd 
by so!iu! (it our (';nuj"ii in I lu" hands of I he cneri\v. We tmaliy g«>l. out ol 
rinige and back Ic 1 iiiibri , where the surgeons wwk- (al.ing c.'\ri' of the 
wouiKled. .And v. hat an a w ful I i iip' il wa-;. A ini»iil .it ions were I akiiig place, 
|)r(,bii);' [(*) h.t'lis, and leuiporiuy binding iij.Md' all Ivind.'j of vs<»u!ids lo nmm' 
(In: blond. Mel f.iine or wv.ir brnujjil ill li ilibulanOLS Shot hi aii paiUofll.' 
h(,dy, tie.iuenl i, i |' ul mn of 1 l.ein \,n\\\\ he (h'ad v )u n lb;", anixvd l.a\n , 



died on the way. Such a scene I never witnessed in my life. I nearly for- 
got that I was wounded myself. My hand be^an to swell and I really did 
Dot know how bad I was hurt. I made several attempts to have a surgeon 
examine it but they seemed so busy that it was some time before I ,?ot one 
to look at it. He took a probe, run it clear through the wound, and with 
an oath informed me that 1 was not injured much, but made more fuss than 
some of the fellows that had an arm or leg off. I took care of my wound af- 
ter that witliout the counsel of an army surgeon. 

It was beginning to get dusk and I wandered about to see where I could 
put in the night at best advantage. I noticed an old house near by and 
thought periiaps 1 could crawl in there. The Urst thing that attracted niy 
attention was an officer lying on the porch and a surgeon stooping over hira 
probing a wound received a little to the side of the sword buckle, and im- 
mediately below the belt. To my horror and surprise I discovered it was 
my captain. I stood transfixed a few moments and the agony and suffering 
were too much for me and I turned away. That was the last I ever saw of 
Capt. Drips, I do not even know what became of the body. I was present 
when the dead of our Company were buried. There was a long trench 
made near where I was wounded and where I suppose Capt. Drips fell, but 
I do not remember of seeing him among the number. 

The next morning I took the captain's pony and rode to the front to 
see the light. I got a good position in the main road and in line of tlie ar- 
tillery. Sigel was getting in position to shell the rebels. Tlie infantry took 
position immediately behind the artillery. The guns were elevated Ingh 
enough so the infantry could move in front and across an open tieki. On 
an opposite side were posted the rebels. The territic effect of our shot and 
shell partially demoralized them. Then came the time for the infantry 
men to move, away across the field our infantry went with a shout that 
could be heard above tlie thundering of some sixty cannon, belching fortti at 
the same time. Tlie rebels could not stand the storm and away they went 
which ended the battle of Pea Ridge. 

I was informed that quite a number of our company were wounded and 
began at once to hunt them up. My chum and messmate, Charlie Young, 
was the Hrst I discovered. Fie had been shot through both letrs and was in 
the act of cra.vling away, when some brave rebel emptied a load of buck- 
shot into his pistol pocket, a part of tlie contents lie carries to this day. 
He had been with the rebels all night lying with dead and wounded all 
night on the lloor of the Elkhorn tavern. Me wir very glad to see me and 
I was very glad to see him. I tried to have him ride my horse but on ac- 
count of his wounds lie could not. I soon found others of the company and 
it did seem as if every one was liurt somewhere. It was indeed a sorry sight. 

There are some of Company A in your midst who could irive you a more 
interesting account of tlie whole affair. This communication is alroadv loo 
long and in a few words will say when and whore I last saw Capt. Ivelsey. 
Of course you all know Capt. ICelsey received a very l)ad wound in the same 
buttle and wont home, lie came to us at Vicksburg and led our companv 
in that terrible eh;!ige on the 22nd of May. 1 reiiuMnbiT him with uuhftrd 
sword as \\v. c;ilU;il us to follow him. It took but a few minutrs to gtM to 



f. \ .. . : i 



the breastworks. Only a few of us got onto the works. They poured a 
most murderous volley into us just as we reached the slope of the works, kill- 
ing one hundred and eleven of our regiment, then numbering not more 
than three hundred and tifty men in line, a great many more were wound- 
ed. Tliat was the last I saw of Capt. Kelsey and I was told afterwards that 
he received a ball in tlie same old wound that had not healed up, and 1 re- 
member lie was limping at the time. He died blessing the rebels and did 
not seem to fear death. 

Tlie following is clipped from an article read by Sergeant F. J. De 
Grush at a public meeting held in Maquoketa, March 7th, 1887, ai wliich 
the swords of Captains Drips and Kelsey were presented to the Grand Army 
Post of Maquoketa, which was named for Captain A. W. Drips: 

Capt. A. W. Drips was- the life of his regiment. His exoerience in the 
Mexican War, his patriotism, his desire to do his whole duty, and his brav- 
ery made liim a leader in the councils of staff and line. 1 remember two 
instances which euolgize the wearer of that sword equal to hours of praise 
or pages of paper. At Lebanon, Mo.- while in camp for the niglit and some 
danger existing of a sudden attack, Capt. Drips called on ('ol. Vandeverand 
though up all night the night before and tired from the hard day's march 
his salutation was ''Colonel, anything I can do?" Twenty miles west of 
Wilson's Creek, Mo., while chasing old Pap Prince was the first time Com- 
pany A was ever drawn up in line of battle.. Capt. Drips remarks to us 
that morning came from the bottom of his noble heart: "Bovs. the General 
commanding has assigned to this company a post of honor. We are the ad- 
vance of tlie whole army and much depends on us. If we waver and run 
there is great danger of its demoraliizng the whole command. Be cautious, 
be cool, but shrink no duty and hold our position at any and all cost." 

The last time I saw that sword was on the 22nd of May at Vicksburjf 
during that terrible charge, where the 9th had 112 killed and wounded. 
Capt. Kelsey was acting as major and iiis position was with the colors, in 
the center of the regiment. He fell about tlie same time as color bearer, 
Otis Crawford, who it will be remembered by the boys, tore the ling from its 
staff and secreted it in his bosom, thinking the rebels would not find it on 
his dead body. Adjutant Granger told me where the Captain lay and tak- 
ing a stretcher and three men we went over ttie field and found iiim. That 
belt was around the same leg that was wound'^d at Pea Ridge, the fatal ball 
having gone through the old wound at right angles, and the condition of 
the bone showed me that Capt. Kelsey's time was short. The cowardly 
PiCbs. fired at us as we were coming down the hill with the stretcher and 
shot one of the boys who was assisting me. At the foot of the hill wlien out 
of danger, 1 bade the good man good-bye and turned my attention to 
otiiers of the wounded. Next sunrise brought the news from the hospi- 
till that our gallant captain was mustereii out. 



The McMeans family will never forget Yicksburg. Andrew was shot and 
instantly killed and ten minutes after Wilbur was wounded, and we thought 
mortally. When the sad news came home funeral services were held at An- 
drew, and while the atllicted parents were returning from church a Ijolt of 
lightning killed the father. While preparing for this occasion 1 have been 
shown an extract of one of John F. Drips letters to the captain's wife, 
written at Polk plantation near Helena, Ark., in which he says: "We 
still read the company paper weekly. We have commenced in it a history 
of Company A, including a biography of Captain Drips. It is the calcula- 
tion, if enough of us live to carry it out, to have the history published in 
line book form, and out of the remains of the sale remove tlie remains of 
the Captain and boys at Pea Ridge, to Iowa and erect a monument. Wheth- 
er we will live to carry it out or not is more than we can tell. I will en- 
close some verses Sergeant DeGrush wrote for the Greyhound, a couple of 
weeks since. I^oble hearted Johnl Death has called home most of the con- 
tributors of that Greyhound, and you among the rest lie in the Hospital 
graveyard at Memphis, Tenn. If the audience will pardon me I will read 
the verses sent to Mrs. Drips, as some of the boys present tonight may like 
to hear then.. 

On Rocky cliffs, in rebel land, 

Where naught but forests grow, 
There came a tierce and warlike band 

With cautious tread and slow. 

With savage eye and darkened brow 

Proclaiming well their hate; 
They aimed the deadly cannons prow. 

Nor thought to find its mate. 

But see! There comes a chosen few 

In Union's proud array, 
Whose trust in God full well they knew, 

Would help them win the day. 

The carnage opens and the hail 

Falls thick and fast around: 
And o'er their heads tlie bomb shells sail, 

Or bursting shake tlie ground. 

Among the foremost in the tight 

Was he who led our clan; 
Who called us on to show our might, 

Nor flinch a single man. 

The first he to raise his voice 

Against the Southern mol): 
Wlio seemed to show it as their clioice 

'J'o niurdor and to rot). 



,V ' 



But ah I A deadly musket ball 
Must pierce his manly breast, 

And with a kind farewell to all 
He sought the soldier's rest. 

Tell wife I bless her as I die, 
Was last our Captain said; 

And soon his noble form did lie 
Inanimate and dead. 

And now when martial notes do start 

Our blood to finger tips, 
We don't forget 'twas sad to part 

With the hero Captain Drips. 



Col. J. W. Jenkins, a Soldier and Pioneer. 

(Written by Harvey Reid for the Jackson County Veteran Association.) 

When the great caJls for help to the armies came in the summer of 1865, 
JacksoD county as a part of the loyal North, was thrown into a great fer- 
ment of patriotic ardor and excitement and her young men thronged to the 
recruiting stations in droves. The tirst companies that tilled, one in the 
southeast corner of the county and the other in the west, became A and I 
of the Twenty-fourth. Then the Clinton county 26th drew into its ranUs 
almost an entire company (B) and several detached squads from Jackson 
county. But another company in Maquoketa, one in Andrew and one in 
Bellevue were also soon ready and were all assigned to the 31st as F, I and 
K of that regiment. Three companies from one county in a regiment seem- 
ed in justice to demand that one, at least, of its field officers should be from 
tliat county. Gov. Kirkwood promptly recognized that demand and was not 
long in choosing a man whose quality and attainments conspicuously point- 
ed him out as fit for high command. He commissioned Hon. Jeremiah \V. 
Jenkins, a prominent lawyer of Maquoketa, recently state senator from ; 
Jackson county, Lieutenant Colonel of the 1st Iowa Infantry, under date j 
of Sept. 16, 1862. 

Colonel Jenkins was born in Warren county. New York, in 1S25, was 
graduated in a state normal school and iiad then studied law and been ad- 
mitted to the bar In his native state. About 1850 or 1851, he followed to 
Iowa two uncles, Alex and Jed H. Jenkins, wiio had become farmers near 
Maquoketa. ISoon after the admission of losva as a state— about 1847-48— a j 
project was approved by the new legislature to establisli three state normal } 
schools, one at Mt. Pleasant, one at OsKaloosa, and one at Andrew, Jackson j 
county. It was required that each locality provide the necessary building | 
without expense to the state. A small one story concrete building was j 
erected at Andrew (it was afterwards used as a blacksmith shop but has 
been demolished) and the school ran for several years, but the promised j 
state aid proved insiitlicient support and it was abandoned. 

To the charge of this school young Jerry Jenkins was called soon after | 
his arrival in the county. I liave not been able to ascertain vxact dates, | 
but he was teaching there in 1853, and that was not his tirst year. .As early ! 
as 1855, however, we find him estaf)lished in law practice in Maquoketa. 
and lie soon won the reputation of being the leading practitioner there, lie 
had also become an active politician, aniliating with the Wliig party. In 
1852 ho received, at the hands of the state convention of his partv. fho 
nomination for secretary of state and the voting that year was so close Ih»- 



I 



I 



-^29 



tween the parties that for some days he was reported as elected, 'fhe suc- 
cessful democratic candidate was George W. McCrary, afterwards member 
of Congress, (]869 to 1877) from Keokuk and Secretary of War under Presi- 
dent Hayes. Ee received 16,922 votes and Jenkins 15,032. 

The first orgfanization of the republican party in Jackson county was 
when a convention met February i6th, 185(3, at the old Third ward school 
house in Maquoketa to nominate delegates to a state convention, and J. \V. 
Jenkins was one of those who officiated. Later in the year lie was nominat- 
ed for state senator and at the state election in August he was successful by 
a majority of seven votes, although the democrats carried the county at the 
presidential election in November by 169 majority. Tiie republicans had 
some aid from the American or "Know Nothing" party. 

When Gov. Kirkvvood tlierefore cast about to find a man in Jackson 
county to honor with a tield commission he found to liis hand a man whom 
be knew to have just closed a successful term as state legislator; who was 
conspicuous for his ardent patriotism and loyalty to the war measures of ttie 
administration; and, wlio, although nob a trained soldier, had imbibed 
much knowledge of military art and routine from tiie fact that his older 
brother, Leonidas Jenkins, had been an officer in a New York regiment dur- 
ing the Mexican war and was son-in-law to the distinguished regular, Major 
General Edwin Y. Summer. That the governor's confidence was not mis- 
placed cannot better be told than by quoting from the recent tribute to the 
Colonel's memory by Capt. Milo P Smith of Cedar Rapids, an oMicer in his 
regiment: 

"Col. Jenkins commanded the regiment the most of the time as Col. 
Smith was on detached service a good deal. Upon the latter's resignation, 
he was in the early fall of 1864, promoted to the colonelcy. In the assault 
on the works of Vicksburg on the 22nd of May, 1863, Col. Jenkins was badly 
wounded in the leg, and when he was able to travel compelled to go home 
for a while on leave of absence. ITe returned to take command in the fall 
of 1863, and marched from Memph.is to Ciiattanooga on tlie 22nd of Novem- 
ber and on the 21th he led his men gallantly through the battle of Lookout 
Mountain, and on the next day headed the charges on Mission Ridge. When 
the Atlanta campaign opened the next spring, Jenkins assumed liis place 
with the column, which was projected by General Shermati through Snake 
Creek Gap, on Resacca under tlie command of (Jen. McPherson. In the tirst 
engagement at Kasacca tlie c:)lonel was badly wound jd again while accom- 
panying the regiment in a charge on tlie enemj 's works. He was this time 
struck on the shoulder by a piece of sliell. From this wound he never fully 
recovered. I savv him a few years ago in Kansas City and noticed tlie droop 
of the slioulder and he told me it pained him at times yet. Again he was 
compelled t.o go to the rear, but courageous us ever lie returned to the front 
as soon as he was al)l9, which was about the time of the fall of Atlanta. He 
commanded tiie regiment thence on to the close of ttie war, and had tlie 
pleasure of leading it, not only in the famous march to the sea, hut in the 
grand parade or review at Washington. He made a splendid oihcer and was 
'I good soldier. Tie was brave and steady under lire. He had red hair ami 
Jilways wore eye glasses. He had an 'artillery look' as the boys used to say, 



I 




when in battle that meant light. No remaining member of the old 31st will 
iearn of the death of Col. Jenkins without recalling his good qualities as a 
man, his splendid courage as a soldier, and his gallant leadership of ti)e reg- 
iment." 

Almost immediately after liis muster out, Col. Jenkins removed to Kan- 
sas City, where he engaged with success in the practice of his profession, 
served for a time as Judge of the Court of Common Pleas, and where he died 
June 24th, 1903, from the ellects of injuries received in an assault by a 
street robber a few montlis previous. We claim the Colonel asatliliated with 
Jackson county veteran organizations, not only from his service witli our 
own companies in the iield but also because in 1886 he appeared as one of 
the speakers at the reunion of the Eastern Iowa xVssociation at Maqucketa; 
in 1890, he accepted tlie invitation of A. W. Drips Post at Maquoketa to 
deliver the address on Memorial day; and again in 1900 he performed like 
service at the dedication of the soldiers' monument in tliat city. 

VAI.UABLE RELICS. 

J. W. Ellis received from Littleton, Mass., a box containing 26 relics 
for his historical collection taken from as many historical places. The donor, 
Mrs. Ella Hildreth, is a cousin of Mrs. Ellis and with her mother and sister 
visited the Ellis family in the summer of 1904. The grandfather of both 
Mrs. Hildreth and xMrs. Ellis, Samuel Waldo was tirst cousin to Waldo Em- 
erson. The following interesting letter explains the various relics contribut- 
ed. 

Littleton, Mass. 

Mr. Ellis, 

Dear Cousin: I am sending to you the pieces of Historic wood that I 
wrote you about, I feel that they are hardly worth sending, although near- 
ly all of them came from buildings or places of historic interest. I suppose 
you have added many new relics to your collection since we were there. I 
have wished that I had taken notes and a description of some of the tilings 
in your collection. I think with notes one can recall what one has seen so 
much more readilv. I saw so manv tilings of interest wiiile out in tlie west | 
it has been confusing to try and tell wliat I saw there, but hope to come 
again and see you all as well as the relics. 

We received the book you sent which we all greatly enjoyed reading. 
You spoke about publishing another book on the same subject if you do 
hope you will kindly remember to send us one. The early settlers must | 
have passed through many hardships in settling the West, but do not think j 
the country was so tiard to bring under cult ivation as New Eni:land. Go ) 
through our New Engl;ind towns and see the miles of stone walls which the ' 
early settlers laid, tirst digging the stones from the ground, and then laying 
them into wails to'dispose of them, besides this part of the country was 
nearly all covered with forests, which had to be removed before the land 
could be cultivated. When I t hink of I he hardships and disooura^onients 
tliat tiie men and ^vomen had in those early davs to meet and conquer. 1 
do not wonder that the race becauie strong in character and frugal in their j* 
mo(U) of livi!ig. Ihit. that, old New England type is fast passing aw;iv. Iti the i 



Si- 



past 20 or 30 years, we have had such an influx of foreigners and inter- 
marrying as tiiey have, it is hard, especially in tlie manufacturing cities and 
larger towns to Bnd a person of genuine Puritan blood Probably if the west 
had been discovered and settled first our dear rock bound old New England 
would have remained barren or nearly so, to this time. Of course for some 
time to come , at least, this part of the country will remain tiie manufact- 
uring center but we must look to the west for our food supply. 

Sincerely yours, 

ETTA L. IIILDRETH. 

No 1. Piece of wood from Faneul Hall, Boston, Mass: built 1742; burn- 
ed 1761; rebuilt same year and made lire proof in 1898. It was built bv l^eter 
Fanuel and presented to the town of Boston for a town hall and called the 
"Cradle of Liberty," as the first movements which led to the war of the 
Revolution were inaugurated here. 

No. 2. Piece of wood from Jesse Putman house, Danvus, Mass., built 
1730. He was a Col. in war of 1812 and a cousin of Isreal Putman. 

No. 3. Piece of wood from Isreal Putman house Dauvus, Mass., built 
1748. The original part built l(j48. He fought in the French and Indian 
war. Took part in the attack on Ticondereoga under Abercrombie. Also 
took part in the capture of Ilavanna. In 1762 he fought at Lexington 
and Bunker Hill, and in 1777 was appointed to the defense of tlie Hudson 
River Highlands. In 1778 he made his famous escape from Tryon's drag- 
oons by riding down a steep pair of stairs, where the British dared not fol 
low. 

No. 4. From piece of the new Maine U. S. warship built to take the 
place of the Maine sunk in Havana harbor. 

No.5 . From flagstaU Acton monument built to commemorate the 
memory of tlie soldiers' of the Revolution, Acton, Mass. 

No. 3, From Wright Tavern, Concord, Mass, built 1747. Major Pit- 
cairn stayed at this inn on the morning of the battle of Concord. He stir- 
red his brandy with his bloody fingers saying, "He would tlius stir the 
damned Yankee's blood before night." 

No. 7. From church at Temple, New Hampshire, where in 177.') Minis- 
ter Webster preaciied. He was informed at the door of his church by a mes- 
senger, that he (the messenger) and liis company were marching on to Tic- 
onderoga. A Loyalist replied that, "He heard a voice not to respond." 
Minister Webster said "That voice was from liell, but I hear a voice from 
Heaven, saying, Boys take those guns and follow me to the front." The 
next morning Minister Webster with thirty-one men at his command was on 
his way to Ticonderoga. He died in a short time after this and was buried 
at Temple, N. H. 

No. 8. From liome of Asa Pollard first man killed at l^inker Hill. Ho 
was killed the night before the battle while at work in the trenches. Col. 
Prescott said, "He was the first man killed and the only one to be buried 
tliat night. 

No. 9. From the old South church, Boston, Mass., built 17.10. In 1775 
it was used as a riding school by the Brit ish. In Is77 the sum of ooo 
was raised to preserve the church to posterity. It contains many rare relics. 



No. 10. From U. S. Cruiser, Chicago, where the ancieots and honora- 
Dles of London were received and entertained in 1903. 

No. 11. From Dorotliy Quincy house, Quincy, Mass., built in 1635. In 
1716 the house was raised and inlarged from that time until the present it 
has remained the same. In tlie parlor of tins house is the wall paper that 
was brought from Paris for the wedding of Dorothy to John Hancock! Be- 
fore the wedding day arrived the Revolution broke out, and John Hancock 
had to flee to keep his head on his shoulders. His Dorothy followed him, 
first to Lexington and Concord and tinally to Fairfield, Conn., where they 
were married. The hou.se has entertained Presidents John Adams, John 
Quincy Adams, John Hancock, Judge Seweli, Sir Henry Vane, Benjamin 
Frankiln and Sir Charles JJenry Xrankland. 

No. 12. From Elm on Lexington common where the first blood was 
shed in the Revolution. 

No. 14. From Wayside Inn, Sudbury, Mass., built 1680, and run by some 
member of the Howe family as an inn for 150 years. The real name of the 
inn in the long ago days was the ''Red Horse Tavern." and it stands in the 
old town of Ludbury, 30 miles from Boston. It is one of tlie oldest inns now 
standing in our country. It is on tlie old post road between Boston and the 
Connecticut river, and in the old stage coach days travelers svlio left Boston 
in the morning dined at noon at the "Red Horse." Longfellow relates, 
that his first visit to the inn, he lias immortalized in verse, was made under 
these circumstances. On that 19th day of April, 1775, when the minute- 
men were marching from Worcester with Timothy Bigelow at their head, 
stopped here for a brief rest before going on their way. 

No. 15. From piece of Ash tree in front of "Old Manse," Concord. 
Mass., the liome of the Emerson family for many years. From the cliam- 
ber window of this house, the grandfather of Ralph Waldo Emerson watch- 
ed tlie tight at Concord bridge. On the land belonging to this estate, Tlie 
three British soldiers that were killed at the bridtre were buried. Haw- 
thorne lived here and wrote his "Mosses from an Old Manse." 

No 21. From piece of the Walter Kittridge liouse, author uf "Tenting 
on the old Camp Ground." 

No. 22. Nail from old shiphoouse Charleston Navy Yard, where 
the Merrimac and other famous ships were built. 

No. 23. From the old otlice on Bunker Hill, torn down by the B. II. 
historical society, and a new one built costing S30,o00. 

No. 24. From Fort Seweli, Marblehead, Mass., built by the British in 
1742. 

No. 25. Faulkner liouse at South Acton. The place was occupied at I lie 
time of the llcvoiution bv Col. Francis Faulkner, and he was aroused by 
Paul Revere, who shouted, "Col. Faulkner, rouse your minutemen. Itie 
British are inar(^hing on Lexington and Concord." Col. Faulkner tired his 
gun three times to arouse tlie neighliorhood. 

No. 26. From a piece of wood from the home of Capt. Barrett, Coucord. 
Mass., who ordered the attack on the English troops at tlie bridge. 



I 



i'i:-,'' ^.il'dl 

y 




f COL. J. W. JENKINS, j 

P F^rom war time photograpli in his lieutenant * 
I colonel's uniform. t 

ift^*^^* *«jr««'"i*» ■«jr^*^ a^ji^iwr^ a.<*k^ti^^ ^<W*W««^ 



I 




i 



I 

i 



■ ■ ■ r. 

i 




34 



OLDEST m\ PIONEER PASSES AWA!. 



Joseph McElroy, Who First Came to Iowa in 1837, Dies at 

Ripe Old Age. 

Through the courtesy of Editor Lambert of the Sabula Gazette, we are 
enabled to produce the following life history, with cut, of Joseph McKlroy 
one of Iowa's oldest settlers, and to be made a part of the annals of tiie 
JaclJson County riistorical Society : 

The death of Joseph McElrov at the home of his daughter, Mrs. J. F. 
Schramiing, in this city, Monday morning, marlcs the passing of Iowa's old- 
est pioneer, for such ^Ir. McElroy undoubtedly was having come to Sabula 
in 1837, the year that our little city was laid out in town lots. The otlier 
sturdy pioneers who braved the wilds of virgin Iowa at that early date or 
within, we dare say, tive years of that time have all passed to the better 
world. 

Joseph McElroy was born on a farm two miles from the city of Erie. 
Pa., on September 2, 1815, and at the time of his death was 90 years, 5 
months and 17 days old. He was a son ot Hugh and Margaret (Duncan) 
McElroy. natives of Cumberland county, Pa., and his fattier served as a 
soldier in the war of 1812. lie participated in several active engagements 
and was wounded at the battle cf Lundy's Lane, a ball passing through liis 
liver. Notwithstanding this fact he recovered and lived to the advanced 
age of seventy-three years. J'ohim and his excellent wife were born tliirteen 
children, of whom the subject of our sketch was the last to pass away, and 
he was the eldest of the family. 

The earlier years of Joseph McElroy's life were spent in hi$ native coun- 
ty, but in 1837 he decided to investigate the then far west and set out for 
the Territory of Iowa. He reached Sabula during that year and tindhig t!ie 
country to his liking went back to Pennsylvania for his folks and returned 
to this county in 1838 and entered 200 acres of land in Iowa township, west 
of tlie town of Sabula. In an exciiange afterward with Mr. Grant ho came 
into possession of the quarter section of land wliich he owfied to the time 
of his death. When gold was discovered in California, Mr. Mcl^lroy and a 
number of other Sabula men organized a parly and in 184'.) made the ha/ardtnis 
overland trip t,o that state and engaged in mining until lv8r»2, when tiioy re- 
turned to their homes. The leturri trip was made by way of the IViciliC 
ocean, crossing the isthmus of Panama and the (iulf of Mexico and up I he 
Mississippi river to St. Louis. 




S JOSEPH MCEIJU3V AND (UlA N PClI 1 LDPx KN. 

\ ELEANOUb: AM) M AlUi AUKT SCMIRA M LI N(i. { 

I (The above picture was taken about ten years ano.) 

i 



— 36 



On Sept. 22, 1853, he took unto himself a wife and helpmate, Mrs. Mary 
A. WiDSor, a daugliter of G. Gilroy, then a resident of Jackson county. 
The fruit of this union were four children. They are George, of Malvern; j 
Margaret, who died in infancy; Mrs. J. F. Schramling, of this city, and 
Joseph, of Norris, Montana. Three step-children who were reared to man- | 
hood and womanhood by the deceased, also survive him— Mrs. G. A. Buzza, j 
ot Marion; Mrs. G. A Hatheway, of Magnet, Neb,, and Wm. Winsor. The j 
esteemed wife and mother passed away on November 1, 1872, and soon after- j 
ward Mr. McElroy moved to a home he purchased in town, wnere he lived | 
until the past few years when he has made his home with his daugliter, i 
Mrs. Schramling. j 

At the time ot the rush to Pike's Peak, about the year 1849, Mr. McEl- ] 
roy and Clarke Cook (deceased) started for Colorado, but after getting as ; 
far as the Platte river returned. Of the Sabula party of 'Forty-niners," Mr. • 
McErloy was the last survivor and he was also the last original member of j 
the Sabula Pioneers' Association to pass away. This association was formed j 
on Nov. 22, 1872, by J. G. Sugg, E. A. Wood, James Murphy, J. S. Dominy. | 
George Canlield, Kobt. C. Westbrook, Royal L. Westbrook, Jos. McElroy, j 
John Scarborough and Oliver Emerson. All of these gentlemen with tne j 
exception of Joseph McElroy passed away over ten years ago. The latter | 
was always a familiar tigure at the annual picnics of this association until 
the last one held when he was confined to his bed in his last sickness, the 
general breaking down caused by old age. On this occasion several of the 
older settlers called and spent a short time visiting with him and the part- 
ing of these old friends of the early days was a very pathetic one. 

For the past three years Mr. McElroy has felt the weight of years and 1 
his health gradually failed until last February he was obliged to take to iiis 1 
bed and although his condition varied from better to worse it could be seen j 
by those around him that he was gradually nearing the close of a well spent j 
life. Sunday he conversed with the family and appeared brigliter than j 
usual, but at 6 :25 the end came and his last moments were marked with j 
peace and contentment and thus lie passed away. j 

Eulogies to the life and cliaracter of this "grand old man" are needless: ' 
he was here before any of us and his life is like an open book, one with ' 
pages white and clear. He was not a member of any church, but in relig- i 
ious views was a Universalist, believing in the free and universal salvation 
of all. He A'as honest in all liis dealings and treated all of liis fellow men as 
he would be done by. His company was greatly enjoyed by both old ana 
young and he could tell many stories of pioneer life in this town when it 
was known as Carrolport, then Charleston and later Sabula. 

Thp funeral services were held at the M. E. church at two o'clock Wed- 
nesday afternoon and were conducted l)y Kev. T. H. Slieckler of Marble 
Rock, former pastor of the churcli here. A large number of friends gather- 
ed to pay their last respects, amonir them being Henry Seenian, of Sprague- 
ville, and Geo. Helfert, of Almont, old pioneer friends of the deceased. 
The remains were laid to rest it) Evergreen cemetery. 



37 



Who was First White Child? 



L. EI. Steen, of this city, has the distinction of being the first white 
child born in Jackson county, having tirst seen the light of day in this vil- 
lage the 27th day of February, 183S. Mr. Steen believes that he may- also 
have been the first white ciiild born in Iowa, at any rate the matter would 
be worthy of investigation and the facts would prove of historical value. 
Now brother editors if there are any early, real early, natives in your parts 
kindly publish the dates that an important item in the early history of Iowa 
may be furnished. — Sabula (Gazette. 



We were evidently at error in stating in the obituary of Jos. McElroy 
that he was the earliest pioneer of the state at the time he passed away, for 
Ramey Kindred informs us that he tirst came into what is now tiie state of 
Iowa on October 10th, 1835. Mr. Kindred's father was born in Tennessee 
and his mother was a native of Kentucky. Shortly before Mr. Kindred's 
birth his parents started north and upon reaching Indiana settled tliere for a 
short time. Here Ramey Kindred was born and when he was but a babe 
the parents proceeded westward, crossing the Mississippi river at Burlington 
on October 10th, 1835. Iowa was then known as Black Hawk territory. The 
Kindred family aterward went to Galena, then to Bellevue and came to 
Sabula in 1840 and since tliat year Mr. Kindred has been a resident of this 
city for the greater part of the time. — Sabula Gazette. 



Came to Iowa in 1835. 




38 




Mr. Arnold Reiling and Wife iVIarried Over Half a Century. 
Two of Jackson County's Earliest Pioneers. 

The following article of Mr. and Mrs. A. Eleiling of Bellevue, wit h cuts, 
is furnished to the Sentinel through the courtesy of Publisher Brandt of the 
Bellevue Herald, and to be made a part of the annals of the Jackson Coun- 
ty Historical Society: 

Mr and Mrs. Arnold Reiling, of tliis city, celebrated the fiOth annivers- 
ary of tlieir marriage at their iiome last Saturday, Feb. 10. Silver wediings are 
rarity, golden weddings still more so and it is but seldom that we read of a 
couple rounding out three score years of married life, and this fact makes 
the anniversary celebrated by our esteemed fellow townsman and his 
wortliy wife of more than passing interest. Owing to various circumstances 
over wliich the parties most concerned had no control it was impossible for 
all the children who are not residents of this city to be present, but all who 
were not here sent their congratulations in the form of telegrams which 
reached here on the day of the celebration. Herman Reiling oi Denver was 
here, and with the children who live here and tiie grand children made up 
a very pleasant party. Those present were Mrs. Christina U'eber and daugh- 
ter, May, Benjauiin Reiling. wife and children, Arnold Weber and wife, 
and Pliil Weber and wife. Among the presents received by Mr. and Mrs. 
Reiling was a beautiful Morris chair presented by the grandcliildren. This 
chair has been placed in Mr. Reiling's favorite corner in the library and 
will serve to keep in his mind the love and respect which the younger genera- 
tion have for liim. 

Mr. Reiling was born in the Kingdom of Hanover, Nov. 2, 18"J:> and at 
the age of 1.') came to this country witii his parents, landing at New Orleans 
in the fall of 1^:58 and moving to Galena in March of the next year and 
from there tlie family moved to a farm about four miles north of the 
present site of this city. Mr. Reiling's fatlier passed away in In 
this same year Mr. Reiling moved into f^elleviie and engaged in tiie mer- 
cantile biisiness and followed this for some years, after which he took the 
contract for building seven miles of track for the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. 
I'aul railroad between Dubuqui^ ami Clinton, and lor six years alter that 
owned and operated tlie steamer, Ueiliiig, in the river freight business and 



" ?»n 



tinally became interested in the milling business in this city and for a time 
the company of which he was a member controlled all the flour milling in 
this section of the state. Mr. Eeiling still owns the mill property, but it is 
not operated on such an extensive scale as in years past. 

Mr. Reiling has served a number of terms as a member of the city coun- 
cil and was for two years mayor of Bellevue, and has the lionor of being'the 
tirst county commissioner elected from the township of Tete des Morts. Pie 
has always been an ardent supporter of the principles of the Democratc 
party and has no small part in the political ailairs of the county. The 
marriage of Mr. Relliug to Miss- Mary Havemsyer was solemnized at Ga- 
lena on the loth day of February, 1846, and to this union nine children 
were born, Mrs. (Christina Weber, of Bellevue; Herman Reiling of Denver; 
Mrs. Regina Reilly of Wichita. Kansas, Benjamin Reiling, of Bellevue and 
Anna and Amelia who are both living at home. Three have passed to the 
Great Beyond. 

Mr. Reiling has mad^ a success of life: there is no more to say; in all 
tnafc he has done he has had the support and helo of a faithful wife who 
has helped him ligiit his battles, comforted him when the world seemed to 
go wrong and rejoiced with him in his successes. It is the wish of the Her- 
ald and a host of friends that this worthy couple may live to enjoy many 
anniversaries of the same character as the one just oassed. 




40 



Sketch of Anson H. Wilson, the Oldest Pioneer Now Liv- 
ing in this Locality, Who Came Here as a Full Grown 
Man in the Thirties. 

(Compiled for the Jiickson County Historical Society by J. \Y. Ellis, < urator) 

Anson 11. Vvilson was born May 2Tth. 1816, near Niagara Falls on "the 
Canadian side on a farm rented and occupied bv tiis father for one season. 
The next spring a^;ter his birtli the family moved back to the old homestead 
in Crowland township, Lincoln county, now Ontario, where young Anson 
grew up to manliood working on the farm in the summer and attetjding 
school in winter. In 1835 he traveled quite extensively in Michigan, being 
very favorably impressed with tliat country, returning home where he re- 
mained until June, 1838, when General Chandler came to liim one day and 
asked him to drive him to Point Ebino. ^fr. Wilson consented to do so and 
on the way the General told liim that they (meaning himself and men) 
would attack St. John's on Friday of that week. 

There was a company of Lancers stationed at St. John's whose tyranny, 
abuse and brutality had caused a revolt among tlie people wlio determined 
to fall upon them and crusii them, and while Mr. Wilson heartily sympathiz- 
ed with the people in theia' desire for revenge on tlie brutal military, he 
had had all the military experience he wanted and made up his mind to go 
back to Michigan, and told his father that he would start next day. His 
father fully approved of his plans, but >LiiiIon Brooktield and Ira Stim- 
son,wlio were present, said if he would wait another day they would go with 
him. Tins iie assented to, and the t.hree young men set out witii a two 
horse team and wagon, crossed the St. Lawrence at Black Rock Ferry, went 
to Butfalo and from tliere to Michigan overland tiirough the states of New 
York, Pennsylvania and Oliio, striking the Maumee river at Perrysburg 
and crossing over to Maumee city and from there to Toledo, at which place 
they parted company, Biookdeld and St imson securing employment there, 
and Mr. Wilson went to Kalama/oo count y, where he remained until the 
next February when he was joined at Niies by his brotliers .losso. Wm., Mark 
and Joe Current, and the live voung men made arrangement for a trip to 
the great west in search of a suitable location where they had their ideals, 
'i'hey wanted to tind good farming land with good water and convenient to 
good timber and building stone. 

Starting on the (Wh day of April, 1^3'). they traveled on foot taking with 
ttiem a horse on wliich liu^v' earned their baggage. 'i'liey explored prettv 
thoroughly Michigan, Indiana and Illinois, a large portion of the country 



41 



through which they passed being trackless prairie or tangled forest, swim- 
ming or wading the rivers, and experiencing almost incredible hardships 
and dangers. Arriving at Savanna on the east bank'of the Mississippi they 
determined to cross over into the territory of Iowa. The ferry boat was out 
of repair but the ferry man told them that if they could get their horse in 
to his skiff he would set them across. The horse went into the boat all 
right and it fell to Anse to sit in the bow of the boat and hold the horse to 
keep him quiet, while the boat was being propelled across the stream, as 
any movement of the horse would be liable to capsize the boat. They land- 
ed safely and the ferryman went back after the remainder of the party and 
the baggage, and when ail was safely over they started for tlie interior. 
Arriving at Deep Creek they found the stream quite deep and no bridge and 
their horse objected to enter the water. However they secured a stout pole 
and with their united strength forced the animal into the stream with 
Jesse Wilson on his back. Both horse and rider sank out of sight, but soon 
came up and made for the other bank, and the other men wlio had crossed 
on a log put a rope around the neck of the horse and pulled him out of the 
water and struck out in a westerly direction bringing up at the present site 
of Maquoketa, which at that time, was marked only by the log cabin of 
John E. Goodenow. After a journey of more than tifteen. luindred miles, 
occupying sixty days of continuoustravel, here the party found exactly what 
they were looking for, beautiful prairie land adjacent to a heavy body of 
timber with an abundance of pure water and fine quarries of building and 
lime stone. 

Mr. Wilson first found employment with Mr. Goodenow but soon found 
a tract of land nearby that had not been claimed and on this he settled and 
Duiit for himself a substantial and comfortable home in which he lias resid- 
ed up to the present time. Mr. Wilson always practiced rigid economy in 
business matters and was opposed to display and extravagance in any form. 
This trait in his character was strongly exemplified in iiis old age. In the 
spring of 1812 he was hauling rails from his timber land to his farm and on 
bne occasion when passing through what was known as Montgomery's grove, 
he pulled up a small cherry sprout by the roots and laid it on his load and 
when he reached home handed it to liis wife and asked her to plant it and 
they would raise tiieiv own cherries and have clicrry bounce. The good 
woman planted the tiny tree which grew wonderfully thrifty, and in time 
bore large quantities of cherries, although the liand tliat planted the tree 
never was permitted to pick any of its fruit. In ISOo the sprout had grown 
to be quite a large tree and Mr. Wilson had it cut down and its nody taken 
to tlie saw mill and sawed into boards, some of which were sixteen inches 
wide and took them liome and put them in a dry place until thoroughly 
seasoned and in 1897, took thern lo a planing mill and had them dresseii af 
ter wliich he took them to Reuben KauiVni,in's shop and had them convert- 
ed into a boaut if ul casket which he l)rought homo wlien complete<l. He 
tlien pur("h iscd of vSuthcrland »Sc Tubbs sutVicient Rod Cedar lumber at the 
rate of $^").()0 per tiiousand to make an outside case. When the caso was 
made and the casket lined and all completed he had a burial casket, tit lor a 
king, and the entire expense for material and work w;is only *11. ">.'». This 



42- 



casket is now carefully stored away to be used wiien Mr. WiJson is summoned. 

During his military experience which was very iriisome he did a great 
deal of thinking and formed certain resolutions which governed his conduct 
throughout life. He resolved to obey the Lord's commands by earning his 
bread by the sweat of his brow, working six days in each week and resting 
on the seventh, to treat all men as he would like to be treated and keep out 
of debt. It is his boast late in life that he has never had tobacco in 
any form in his mouth, never paid a cent of interest on his own account, 
and never was dunned for a bill or debt of his own making. In liis home 
life he is noted for benevolence and iiospitality and admired for his sterl- 
ing honesty and integrity and his well known disposition to attend strictly 
to his own affairs and avoid interfering with ttie atfairs of his neighbors. 

On Dec. 3rd, 1904, he sent for his old friend, J. W. Ellis, and made iiim 
acquainted with his wishes in regard to his funeral obsequies. He appoint- 
ed his pall bearers whose consent he had obtained to act in tliat capacity, 
and insisted that his body be taken to the cemetery in a wagon and that 
his pall bearers ride in a wagon, thereby exemplifying that simplicity of 
character and avoidance of display and extravagance for which tie has al- 
ways been noted. 

uA^'lt.*^ » " 



ANSON II. WILSON. 
Age. !)0 Years. 



1 i' 




Reminiscences of Anson H. Wilson. 



The first sheriff of the county was W. A. Warren, who was also assessor 
and tax collector. In those days money was a scarce article, and furs of 
most any kind was legal tender. The collector would take furs for taxes and 
make change in furs. For instance if a man had an otter skin it was often 
worth more than the taxes amounted to and he would cliange back in coon 
skins or skms of some animal less valuable than otter skins. Not only tax- 
es was paid in pelts, but they were the medium of exchange in nearly all 
deals except with Uncle Sam. Coon skins would not pay postage. 

The first post office in this locality was at Bridgeport, and of course the 
people of the Maquoketa settlement had to cross the river to get tlieir mail, 
which was sometimes a hard proposition. The lord was never good by any 
means, and a slight rise in the river made fording Impossible. Tlie mail 
was carried in those days from Davenport to Dubuque on horseback. The 
carrier would ford the river at Bridgeport when lordable, and John B. 
Doan, the postmaster, had a rope stretched across the river to which he 
attached a pulley and a small rope or line was attached to this pulley. 
When the river was too high to wade or swim, the mail carrier would fasten 
the mail sack to the pulley and tjie postmaster would pull it over and get 
some one from that side of the river to take it on to Dubuque. 

The people of Maquoketa soon tired of swimming the river for mail and 
set to work to secure a postoffice. At that time Frink and U'alker had con- 
tracts for carrying nearly all of tlie mail for the government. J. E. Goode- 
now was elected postmaster, and received his appointment in d^c time, but 
he had no place to keep the mail which at that time was not extensive. He 
went to Dubuque and got a boot box which he transformed into post otVice 
fixtures, and said post office was kept under the table or under the bed to 
be out of the way. When mail come. Mr. Geoodenow seldom had time to 
look it over and each one lielped himself. A place was lixed in one corner 
of the box wliere the 25 cents, the price of each letter, was deposited. 
Doan, the postmaster at Bridgeport, was not pleased wilii the urospects for 
a post office at Springtield, as it was then called, and tried to injure the 
coming town. Tlie Springtield people to get even with him concluded to 
build a ferry at anot her place on the river and leave Bridgeport out, and 
they did make a terry near the forks of the Ma(iuoUota, and operated it 
free, and made a road across the sand prairie to Andrew. A boat was made 
large enough to carry a team and wagon, aiui as it was free, of course each 
man done his own ferrying, liopes were fixed so it could be pulled back 
and forth, and the work and expense of making t he ferry and road was all 
by voluntary contributions. An Irishman, who lielped cut out I he roan 



to Andrew, remarked that he always considered himself half way when he 
got to Andrew, even if he was going to Ireland. 

A couple of neighbors fell out about something in a business way. and 
could not coine to an agreement, and as the amount in dispute was not 
suffllcrent to hire a lawyer, it was agreed to leave the matter in dispute with 
Squire Clark, and abide by his decision. The squire decided that one -of 
the parties should oay the other a certain amount of corn, and the case was 
referred to for years afterwards as Clark's corn case. 

The first convention held in the county to nominate ofHcers was held by 
the side of the road between Andrew and Cottonville. There was not ma- 
terial enough out of which to make up two tickets, and it was decided that 
as each was named he should announce his politics. W. A. Warren was 
nominated for sherill and said he was a Wliig. , Uncle Tommy Wrigiit v/as 
named for recorder, and declared himself to be a JelYersonian Democrat. 
Some were Jackson Democrats, and of course all who were nominated were 
elected for the reason that there was no opposition at the election. 

The first 4th of July I spent in Maquoketa was in 1839, and I was the 
only human being in the place on that day. Lorenzo Spalding was married 
on that day to a lady living near the four corners, now Emeline, and Mr. 
Goodenow, Mr. Nims and wife, and Lyman Bates left early in the morning 
for the wedding and I was left to look after the cabin. As the party had to 
go to Canton to cross the river they started early and came home late. I 
did not see a human being that day. 

The next 4th of July, 1840, we had gained some in population, and we 
concluded to at least remember the day. We got Amasa Nims team and 
gathered up a load of settlers, taking provision along for our dinner, and 
started south over tlie beautiful prairie country which at that time was a 
veritable flower garden. We stopped at a spring about noon, ate our dinner 
and picked flowers, and enjoyed the day very much. 

The next 4th of July, 1S41, was a day long to be remembered by the 
settlers in the Maquoketa valley. Uncle Tommy Wright and 1 had talked 
about how we could get up a celebration, and finally concluded that if we 
could get Scott Kirkpatrick to make the oration we could manage the rest 
of it. We saw Kirkpatrick and he readily consented and thought it would 
be a good thing for the country to get the people together and have them 
get acquainted with each otiier. After deciding to celebrate, tlie next thing 
of importance was a flag. I went to Dubuque and got some Ahite cotton 
cloth and some blue cotton cloth and some red paint, to make tiie strips 
with and Uncle Tommy Wright and I cut it out and Aunt Rachaei Wriglit 
sewed it together and we had a pretty respectful flag. That was the first 
flag ever raised in the Maquoketa valley. We now had our orator and tlag, 
and we sent out word through the country that we were going to celebrate, 
and called a meeting at Fred Mallard's to formulate plans and make ar- 
rangements. At that meeting Joe Ihowri VDlunleered to read ihc Declar- 
ation of Indepondence, William Y. Karle agreed to play tl>e life, Jason 
ran^^born to beat the snare drum and lien Hanson the l)ass drum. Lortn- 
tus Adolphius Ferdinand (Sorbin was elected mai.^hal of tlie day, and Jonas 
Clark was selected as chairman afid toast> master. We set a day that wc 



' 45 



would meet and put up a bowery, but when we got the frame up we found 
that no arrauofements had been made for lumber for seats and tables, so we 
got teams and went to Canton and got planks for sears and tables, and un- 
loaded it at the bowery. We had also built a place for the storage of the 
provisions. On the 3rd of July we met again and covered the bowery with 
brush and got a liberty pole and made seats and tables. We got a very nice 
hickory pole, drawed it to the place where we were to raise it, dug a pit to 
set it in, but did not raise it that day. On the morning of the 4th we met 
again to raise our liberty pole, had our flag ready, but wtien vve tried to raise 
tiie pole, we found tliat some one had bored it through with an augor near 
the middle and ruined it. We were determined to raise a liberty pole and 
Henry Mallard started after his oxen and some of us took our axes and went 
to the woods for another pole. We found a white oak that would answer our 
purpose and by the time we had it trimmed up, Mallard was there with his 
oxen and we hitched the cattle to the pole, and then some of us got after 
them cattle and we made tliem-make pretty good time to tlie bowery, and 
soon had our pole up and flag flying, and 1 never saw a fairer day. Tlie peo- 
ple came from far and near, the crowd being much larger than we expected. 
When the hour arrived, the marshal formed a grand procession, headed by 
the fife and drums, and after a brief march, brought up at the bowery and 
was called to order by Jonas Clark, who introduced Joe I»rown, who read 
the Declaration of Independence in a highly creditable manner; Scott 
Kirkpatrick was introduced as the orator of the day and talked for two 
hours, taking for his subject, the Declaration of Independence, and a tiner 
address was never made in the Maquoketa Valley. Alter the speaking was 
over the ladies brought out the baskets, and loaded the tables with the best 
the country afforded, and we enjoyed the day as only pioneers can enjoy an 
occasion of that kind. x\fter the banquet, the toast master. Clark, called 
for toasts, one for each of the original 13 states or colonies and after each 
toast Clark would call for so many cheers, either from the drum corps or au- 
dience. Nearly every one present had an opportunity to give a toast and a 
good many responded. Finally S(iuire Harris suggested that some one 
should give a toast to the man that bored the liberty pole and he, Harris, 
was elected to give the toast, he raised his glass and said, if he is as black 
outside as lie is within, and liis hair is as bU. :k and as curly as mine, he 
will pass for a native of Africa. That wound up the first 4th of July cele- 
bration. Many of us met for the first time that day and some of us formed 
acquaintances that ripened into friendship, which lasted througli life. 

Our next 4th of July celebration was held where the High School build- 
ing now stands and the otlicers were the same as on the previous year. 

The next was held on Ira Stimpson's land where Willam Hcdkin now 
lives and our ollicers were the same, except that Ira Stimpson was our tn.ir- 
shal. The program was about the same as the preceding celebrations. 

In 1844, Shade Burleson built a barn and got a roof on and floor laid in 
time for us to celebrate there. Zal. Livermore had been to Kellevue and 
had heard that tiiere was a tine Hag there that, could be got cheap and the 
people chipped in and rai.scd uioney aiul liought it. 'i'hat Hag was used at 
Ihirlesons and 1 don't know what become of tlie Hag that Uncle Tommy 



Wright and I made. At this celebration Zal. Livermore was marshal and 
a man from Dubuque assisted our orator and made a fine speech. 

Another notable celebration was held at A. U. Wilson's. He had buiit 
a large barn, in which was a matched Moor where nine sets could dance at 
one time. There were 2,000 people attended this celebration and 129 num- 
bers issued to dancers. Dancing kept up all night and large tables were 
placed in the basement loaded with edibles which all had access to. 

Anson H. Wilson tells an interesting incident, illustrating some of the 
difficulties experienced in the early days. It is about his tirst letter. He 
heard there was a letter at the Bridgeport post otlice for him, and he set 
out on foot for Bridgeport. It was late in tlie fall and he found a thin crust 
of ice a^ong the bank of the river and the water looked cold indeed to the 
young man, but lie was bound to have that letter and taking oil' his ciotnes 
and making them into as small a bundle as possible, he fastened them to 
his head and plunged into the water and swam and waded to the other 
shore, dressed himself and went to the post office and demanded his letter. 
But there was furtlier trouble in store for him, for there was a charge of 25 
cents for additional postage on the letter and 25 cents he did notliave. Tiie 
letter was from Canada and it cost 25 cents to send a letter to any part of 
the United States and an additional 25 cents to IJanada. For ijistance. if 
he wrote to his folks in Canada, it cost him 25 cents to mail it and his folks 
had to pay 25 cents to get it out of the office; if liis friends in Canada wrote 
to him it cost them 25 cents to start it ana him 25 cents to get it from tlie 
office, in other words it cost $1.00 to write home and get an answer. Mr. 
Wilson could not raise the money nor could he trade his coon skin cap as he 
offered to, and had to go back without his letter. He went to liis friend 
Goodenow, nor could he help hirri, for reason that he liad no monev. Mr. 
Wilson then went to Shade Burleson, worked two days, took his pay in corn, 
sold the corn to the miller and got money to pay postage on his letter. 

Mr. Wilson says while staying witli J. Goodenow, the tirst year I 
came here, I was taken very sick with fever. A Mr. Dunham, commonly 
known as Hog Dunham, with whom I had become acquainted, iieard of my 
sickness and came to see me. After looking me over for some time, he said. 
"Ance, you are going to die sure as hell, would you like to die comfortablyV" 
I said yes, if I liavo to die I would like to die comfoi tabl v. He got s.)me 
cold water, gave me all I could drink and poured cold water all over me. and 
he and Mark Current began rubbing me and rubbed me until I fairly shone, 
and in three days after the cold water treatment, they had me so I could ride 
horseback. I have always felt that IJunham saved my life. 

While batching on his claim in the early days, Mr. Wilson says he got 
awful hungry for meat and with one of his neighbors concluded to go and 
see Hog Dunham, who tlion lived near Canton and try and induce him to 
kill a hog. Tlicy started out with a team of horses, Ance had tlic .igiio and 
had to shake every forenoon and the neighl)or shook evorv afteniootj. Aoout 
the usual time Ance began shaking and shook so hard the otIuM- nuin had 
to take the lines and drive, when Ance had about had his shake out. tlie 
other man began shaking and the lines were turned over to Ancp. When 
they came to Mineral Creek, the l)anks were high and the water and mud 



pretty deep; they forced the horses down the bank and the wagon came 
down on top of them. Ance fell across a horse and the box on top of him and 
the other man was floundering in the water. Ttiey got the wagon righted 
and led the horses to where they could get up the banks, but were in a sad 
plight, shaking with ague and saturated with cold water, they made their 
way to Dunham's without further mishaps and were heartily welcomed. 
Mr. Dunham readily agreed to kill a hog for them. The hogs were running 
the woods. Next morning Mr. Dnuham got his old liorse, Salem, and was 
getting ready to go after tlie hogs, when Ance offered to go witli him, but 
Mr. Dunham told him no, it he went they would see no hogs, but he sta- 
tioned them in a clump of bushes with a gun and told them to keep perfect- 
ly quiet, and he would bring the hogs past where they were concealed, and 
point out the one he wanted them to shoot, and he rode off calHng his hogs, 
after an hour's waiting theyheard Dunham coming and lie was followed by 
swarms of hogs, as they passed the concealed men Dunham pointed out the 
hog to kill and it was shot in the eye and never squealed. A rope was fas- 
tened to it and it was pulled out of sight without alarming the herd. Ance 
says that while the hogs were as wild as any wild hogs, they would follow 
Dunham anywhere. The hog was dressed and hung up in a cool place, and 
then Dunliam asked Ance to go with him after some bees that he had pre- 
viously captured. Ance objected on the ground that bees had a particular 
spite at him and that he never could go near bees without getting stung. 
Dunham promised to secure the bees so they would not hurt him and tliey 
went out on horse back, their route being through heavy timber and over 
hills and hollows, to the place where the bees had been Inved. There were 
two swarms in gums or hives made from hollow trees. Dunham had taken 
quilts with him to secure the bees^with. He spread a quilt on the ground, 
placed a gum or iiive on it and pulled the quilt up over the top fastening it 
so the bees could not get out. After securing the bees, one hive was hand- 
ed up to Ance, the otiier Dunham took up in front of him on Salem, and 
they started for home. The night was extremely dark and it was a hard 
problem to make their way through the forest. Ance said lie noticed IHni- 
ham keep slapping Salem, tirst on one ear and then on the other, he asked 
him wliat he done that for. Well, said lie, Salem knows the way liome bet- 
ter than I do and I am slapping him to make him go tiome. Tliey reached 
home in safety with the bees and had a bountiful supply of fresh meai, 
which was a great treat to Ance. Next morning, Dunham split the hog 
from nose to tail and gave Ance and his neighbor hall" of it to take home 
and of course they lived high vviiile it lasted. Dunham was a widower and 
had four children. Fie got acquainted and made arrangements to marry a 
widow in Fulton. 111., who had four children. On his way to Fulton to get 
married he stopped with Mr. Wilson and stayed over night: as stated pre- 
viously Dunham had a bad habit about scratching, but he had a worse liabit 
still, that of talking in lus sleep. Ance said to liim next morning, "lUin- 
ham, yon had better stay at Lyons tonight and cross over tomorrow and get 
married, and then you will be sure of your wife, but if she ever hears you 
talk in your sleep as you did last, niglit before you are married, you will 
lose her." Dunham took t\^o advice and secured the widow. A lady some- 



48- — 



time alter asked him how many children he had, he said, I have four and 
my wife has four and we have one that belongs to both of us. The lady was 
somewhat puzzled, but an explanation set things right. 

The first grist mill in Maquoketa Yalley was built in Maquoketa and 
operated by biorse power. The mill was afterwards set up on Mill creek 
and was sold to a man by the name of Doolittle, and Levi Decker vvas the 
miller. In 1839 or 1840, Hen Hansen took a half bushel of corn to the mill • 
to have ground, but the capacity of the mill vvas very limited and Hansen 
could not get his grist the same day. The next Sundav, he went back and 
Abb Montgomery, a neighbor, went with him. The mill was fonud to be 
locked and Hansen was for returning home without the meal, but Mont- 
gomery insisted there was no use in doing that. The log mill was built upon 
stone corners and piers four or five feet from the ground and only a small 
portion of flooring was laid.^ Montgomery crawled under and got the meal. 
When Decker came to the mill he missed the meal and on making inquiries j 
he learned that Hansen and Montgomery had taken it out. He swore out a i 
warrant from Squire Clark and gave it to Lyman Bates for the arrest of ! 
Montgomery. Bates made the arrest, but there was no jail and it was an i 
important question what to do with the prisoner, but Montgomery promised^ i 
to be on hand at the time set for the trial and was allowed to go home. ' 
Decker had retained as council, Piatt Smith, the only lawyer in the localit,^. ' 
When the day arrived for the hearing of the case the prisoner came and sur- 
rendered himself to the constable, but in tlie meantime the friends of Han- : 
sen and Montgomery had held a conference and decided on a line of action. : 
A little man by the name of Smith was staying with Montgomery, who • 
would seem to have been one of the leaders of the conference, he said I am • 
the smallest man on our side, Piatt Smith is the largest man on the other ' 
side, when the candle is blown out I will take care of Piatt Smith and each : 
of you pick your man. When they came to Squire Clark's place the Squire \ 
was posted to get under the bed wiien the trouble commenced. IMatt Smith ! 
opened the case and described in his own inimitable manner the terrible | 
crime which had been committed in breaking and entering the mill. As < 
Montgomery had no lawyer, Shade Burleson undertook to defend him. he 
explained the condition of the mill and showed it was not necessary to break 
in the mill as they could reach in and get the sack without enttriuj, the 
door. All the time during Bui ieson's talk. Smith kept interrupting Inm 
saying this was not law or that was not law. Little Smith, who had tied 
his handkerchief around his waist and rolled up his sleeves to his elbows, 
stepped up to the lawyer and informed him that if he interrupted Burleson 
again he, Smith, would break his jaw. The atmosphere was getting warm- 
er in tlie Squire's ollice all the time until finally the candle was blown out. 
the Squire went under the bed and the plaint ilV's party was routed and the 
case of the United States vs. >h)ntg()tiiery was never brought up again. 
This was the second law suit lu^ld l?i Maquoketa X'alley. 

A. H. Wilson says the lirst settlers of the Maquoketa Valley experionced 
great dilliculty In getting plows that would scour in the black loam of the 
Maquoketa Valley. In 18U), he and Mr. .lasen Pangborn went to Duljuquof 
and found a man making plows that they thought would work all right m, 



the valley. They bought one for a model and came home and went to manu- 
facturing plows, Wilson doing the wood work and Paugborn the ironing. 
The plows worked to perfection and Mr. Wilson says there was never greater 
cause for rejoicing than when they turned out the first plow that would 
scour in the rich bottom of the Maquoketa. 

(Written by J. W. Ellis, August 16tii, 1904.) 

Anson H. Wilson, the oldest pioneer of the Maquoketa Valley, who came 
here of his own accord, was in town today, looking hale and hearty for a 
man of 89 years. Mr. Wilson remarKed: -It is 65 years ago toniglit since I 
slept in the wilcest bed I ever saw. It was in the then new capitol of Iowa 
Territory, at Iowa City. I had the honor of holding an end gate to a wagon 
for Governor Lucas to write his proclamation on. announcing terms of sale 
of lots in the new capital. There was no table convenient so I took the end 
gate of a wagon and resting one end on the wagon i held the other while 
the Governor wrote with a red lead pencil. Colonel Thomas Cox and J. G. 
McDonald, of Jackson County, were surveying the new town site at the 
time. I started for Iowa City on foot, on the llth of August, 1S39, reach- 
ing my destination on the 16th. The! tlrst day I got to the Wapise, after 
dark, at a point opposite the present site of Massilon. There was a cabin 
on the opposite side of the river, but the river was up and 1 was afraid to 
try to swim over in the dark, so I put up for the night on the body of a 
fallen tree, and next morning swam over, got my breakfast and a lunch to 
take along. My next stop w^as at a cabin at Onion Grove. The family had 
been there only two weeks and had not completed tlieir cabin. It was with- 
out floor or window, but I was heartily welcomed to such fare as they had. 
My next stop was at a cabin at Oak Grove, eighteen miles from Union 
Grove, where a man by the name of Dallas lived. He had got quite a start 
aod had cows, milk, butter and potatoes, and here I got my tirst drink of 
buttermilk in the Territory of Iowa. I went from there to Washington 
Ferry on Cedar river, found the skow on the other side and the ferryman 
shaking with the ague, so I could get no help to cross from him. While I 
waited, a man came along witli a team that wanted to get across. We con- 
cluded to make his wagon answer the purpose of a boat. We tied the box 
to the running gears and swam the team across, then I went on to within 
live miles of Iowa City, and stopped with two boys who had been there but a 
short time and had a very small cabin only partly built. I spent the flight 
with them, partaking of such fare as they had and next morning completed 
my journey, arriving at my destination about 10 a. m. 

The father of .John P. Irish liad made arrangements to take care of the 
people who canio and he fed tiiem well for so new a country. A bod had 
been provided by sewing togetl^.er a good manv cotton ticks and a nolster 
stutted with prairie hay. The full length of the bed answered for a pillow. 
The quilts were fastened together and reached the full length or width of 
the bed. Nails were driven into the wall to hang clothes on. and each one 
hung his clothes on at. the place where he crawled into bed. HO slept in this 
wonderful bed, others slept in svagon and some stayed up and played cards 
all nlglit. 



1 did not meet a person on the route to tlie new capital, and the man I 
crossed Cedar river with, was the only human being I saw enroute except 
those at the tive-mile cabin above referred to. There was not a bridge, and the 
only ferries on the route were an old scow on the Cedar and an old basswood 
log used for a ferry at tne VVapsie. Walking was bad and twenty-four 
hours of the time while going I had but one meal, and that was sweetened 
water and corn meal. The settlers on the route were very hospitable and 
gave me something to take along, but 1 could not well carry mush and 
sweetened water. 

Mr. Wilson has lived on the same farm since 1839, is tall and straight as 
an Indian and has been an active business man all his life. Coming to this 
country in 1839 a full grown man with more than average skill .and ability 
and with a wonderful memory. He knows more of the early days of Iowa 
than any other man living. He receives marked attention when he comes 
to town dressed in the style of 60 years ago and wearing coat and vest but- 
tons that he bought in 1842. Uncle Ans. will be greatly missed when he is 
gone. 



Capt. W. L. Clark Earliest Pioneer. 

Mr. James Ellis, Curator of the Jackson County Historical Society. 
Dear Sir: 

I see by an account In the Sabnla Gazette of the death recently of Jo- 
seph McEllroy, who came there in 1837. The Gazette claimed Mr. McP^lroy 
was at the time of his death the earliest pioneer of the State. The Gazette 
corrects itself by stating that Kamey Kindred informed the Gazette he came 
to Iowa as a babe, Oct. 10. 1835, evidently the Gazette sliould correct itself 
aRaln, the woods are full of those who camo here in IS37. C'hailes Huiie-son 
of Nashville, F. V. Burleson of Biickhorn, and their brother \Vm., lately 
moved to California, came here the spring of 1837. Captain W. L. ClarU of 
Buffalo, Iowa, came there when a young man with his fat her in 1833 and 
still resides on the claim his father took near where Bullalo is, over seventy- 
two years ago. Capt. W. L. Clark as a young boy came with his falJier's 
family to Rock Island in 1828, when there was no other wintes there except 
soldiers and George Davenport the Indian trader, afterwards called Col. 
Davenport and killed at his home on the island .)uly 7th 1845. Kor proof of 
tills I refer you to Capt. Clark of Bulfalo, who yet lives, or did six months 
ago and I am sure he yet does as I am a daily reader of the Davenport Dem- 
ocrat and surely would have noticed the deat>h of so prominent a pioneer. 
For further proof the Democrat has on tile mention of him in Its souvenir 
edition of Oct. 22, 1905, also in an issue of tlie Democrat of 1904 (have for- 
Kolliiu l,he date) an address of W. L. Clark, delivered before some club at 
Andalusia near Hock Island in which is an extended account of the (Mark 
faiuily and early history of tliat count ry. The Democrat also has a cm of 
Capt. W. L. Clark. Got any earlier hunt "em ' up. 

Yours truly, KAKMKK IIDCKIIOUN. 



The Country's Territorial Pioneers. Shadarac Burleson 
and Some of the Incidents in His Life. 



(Written by Farmer Buckhorn for the Jacksou Oounty Historical Society.) 

Forty years ago no man in Jackson County, we venture to say, was bet- 
ter or more widely known than S. Burleson, who came iiere in an early dav 
and for many years entertained the traveling public and took an active part 
in public affairs, tie was born in Vermont, Sept. 19, l^Oo, and when about 
eigliteen years old went to Waterford, T^. Y., where for several years he ran a 
packet on the Erie canal. He married Miss Eunice Hougiiton. of Waterford, 
N. Y., in 1824. In 183(5, he cam^ west with the lead mines of Galena as liis 
prospective destination. After ^vintering in Galena, he concluded to come 
to the Maquoketa Valley country with his family and settle. He arrived 
April 6th, 1837, at what is now section 20, South I^'ork Township, Jackson 
County, Iowa, then an unsurveyed, unnamed part of Dubuque county, Ter- 
ritory of Wisconsin. There he staked a claim and built a log cabin about 
ten rods west of where the Maquoketa and Anamosa road crosses the creek, 
known on the map as F^umpkiu Run and on tiie north side of the present 
road and about where the east end of the present house owned by John 
Allison is situated in southwest quarter of the southwest quarter of said 
section 20, of South Fork Township. 

Mr. Burleson was a remarkable man in many respects. Of more than 
the ordinary intelligence, shrewd, logical, forceful and resourceful, with a 
strong will and a clearly marked personality. Though the township was 
surveyed by Col. Thomas Cox and John G. McDonald soon after Mr. Bur- 
leson came here, the land was not offered for sale by the government until 
1845, therefore it was eight years after Mr. Burleson settled here before the 
government had any knowledge In law of any settlers' rights or any settlers 
had any scratch of a pen from the government to protect liimself in any 
land property rights, thougli by this time this part of Jackson County had 
nearly as large a rural poi)ulation as at present, bn)6. 

Much of the land was already improved and many claims had changed 
hands bafore the land was offered for sale at auction by the general govern- 
ment. The m ui wtio over bid the settler had a legal right to tho promises, 
but in this case there was a higher law than civil law and is the divine law 
of the rights of man. Self preservation is the first law of nature and to pre- 
serve their rights of possession the sett lers became a law unto themselves 
for. tfie proteciiion of each other in tlie peaceable possession of ihoir claims, 
with tlie understanding li»at> when tho land came into marUei the M'ltlcis 
bid of $I.2~) per acre (the minimum price) should hold his claim and woe be 



to the man wlio was fool hardy enough to bid over him. It will be seen it 
was the settlers only siiow to get justice for himself when pitied against 
the speculator, who was willing to invest money in the settlers improve- 
ments, leaviing him without recourse, being largely in fact, a tresspasser 
on government land. Moral law is the law on wnich civil law siiould be 
built. We tind Mr. Burleson was a leader in the enforcement of that law 
of human rights, that was no more, no less than the golden rule made man 
ifest by force. It can liardly be comprehended, that no man in Iowa had 
any legal right to the land he occupied, improved and often bartered his 
squatter's claim until only one year before Iowa became a state. But such 
is history. 1845 found Towa witii a population of about 650,000 with all the 
machinery of a territorial government in force, tosvns and country rapidly fill- 
ing up and all resting on what? So far as this part of Iowa was concerned, 
at least resting upon the settlers claim law that afforded the poor man the 
same justice as the rich and protection in his hand so long as he occupied 
and made use of it. It might be well if it was still in force. There would 
be no idle land waiting for some other man's energy to double some specu- 
lator's principal. 

As early as 183S we find S. Burleson identfied with the government 
affairs of Jackson County, then Dubuque County. lie was one otthe grand 
jury of the tirst district court of ttiis county held after the country became 
Iowa territory, said court being held at Bellevue, beginning June 18th, 
1838. The tirst election in what was then known as the sixth precinct, was 
held at Mr. Burleson's house, he being one of the judges, Jonas Clark and 
Wm. Phillips being the other two. 

As was the case with most of the pioneers, Mr. Burleson came here poor i 
and for the lirst year, at least, was compelled to live almost entirely by the I 
chase, as there could not possibly have been any grain of any kind in many | 
miles of here when he tirst came. The three Pence brothers came in the I 
spring before Burleson (1836) and broke forty acres, but raised no crops 
that year, as they went back to Henderson County, 111., after their families 
and did not come back until the spring Burleson came, 1837. Several fam- j 
iWes came in a few miles west of here in 1836, but too late in ttie season i 
to have raised anytiiing. No one was in the whole south prairie country 
until you got well tovvard Davenport. No one was east of here in 1S37 for 
many miles, except three or four families north of the Maquoketa river ifi 
the timber. Therefore it will be seen tiiere was not much need of a grist mill 
In this part of Jackson county in 1837. 

After 1837 settlers began to come into the country rapidly and stake 
claims and build their log houses and by 1840 considerable crops began to 
be raised so that Burh^son and others could have a grist ground bv going to 
Dubuque or Galena and could exchange pork— If they tiad any, for from one 
to tsvo dollars per cwt., and take their nay in trade. At one time before 
the days of hogs in this count ry, Burleson bought a baru'l of pork at Ga- 
lena and brought it home on his sled thinking h;s familv would tiavea great 
treat only to tifid up:)n opening it that the meat was spoiled and could not 
be eaten. It was about ttuit time Mr. ihirleson tiad • :ic of his wild spells |* 
of profanity and without wait ing for anot her day he rolled that barrel of 



pork onto his sled and headed his oxen for Galena over tifty miles away *to 
trade pork. There is no question whatever, but the man who sold the pork 
knew when Mr. Burleson got back to Galena. 

During the years following his settlement, Mr. Burleson took an active 
part in the country's development. The Urst school house in South Fork 
township was built on his land and by his help, and so was tlie present stone 
school house. He held the offices of school director, road supervisor and 
justice of tlie peace. He was one of the party of government surveyors, who 
surveyed Black HawK county. About 1855 he built a large frame basement 
barn, about 40xfi0, and the large frame house still occupied by his son Frank, 
and opened what for so many years was known as "Buckhorn Tavern." In 
those days there was no railroad in this part of the country and none in the 
far west and this being the main road traveled by those bound for Pike's 
Peak and California and to settle the west, made the overland travel a 
steady, unbroken stream for years, and made the name of Shade Burleson 
and the Buckhorn Tavern familiar in many states, for Burleson was a man 
who made an impression on every man who had anything to do with him. 
He was unmistakably the head of Buckhorn so far as his business and family 
were concerned and was recognized as such so long as he lived. His advice 
and council carried weight with his grown up family and all of those around 
him. Even many of those outside of his household— some of them his ene- 
mies— u^ed to go to Shade Burleson for council and advice and it was freely 
given and wholly sound, for his business qualities were unsurpassed by any 
in this neighborhood. He was a tirst-class farmer and always abreast of the 
times and was about the first man to make use of modern improvements in 
farm machinery and breeds of liogs and cattle. 

His tavern stand was a great help to him financially, but its door never 
shut in the face of a man without money. He was fed and slept and sent 
on his way. No neighbor ever came to Burleson, to my knowledge, to bor- 
row anytliing or ask a favor and was refused. He was a good conversation- 
alist and a great story teller and yet, Mr. Burleson, apparently, had more 
enemies than any other man in this part of the country. He was a Jaw unto 
himself, as it were, and followed his own council and expected every man to 
return unto Burleson that wiiich was Burleson's, and any infringement on 
what he believed was his rights met with a decided opposition from liim. 
To make clear the nature of Mr. l^urleson in this respect, we will state that 
he had a neighbor who persisted in letting his hogs run in Shade Burleson's 
corn, Mr. Burleson romonstrated, but the neighbor was too careless to heed 
the remonstrance, so Mr. Burleson took his rille and shot several of them 
wthout making any ado about it. To further illusi rate liis decisive nature, 
(which was the source of mucli of tlie enmity toward lum ) when lie built 
his tavern stand, lie employed one \Vagoner with several workmen, who, we 
suppose, like a good many workmen, put in a good deal of time killing 
time. A man by the name of Mills came along and wanted a few days car- 
penter work. Burleson put liiin to work and soon saw that he did about as 
nnicti as all the rest and Burleson then and tliere discharged all except 
Mills and let him linish the job. He simply thought they were not giving 

what he was entitled to and tliough he might not have cared a continent- 



i— 54 



al for tbe actual money loss, he would not tolerate the supposed imposition, 
no matter how much tlie work was delayed. | 

When Mr. Burleson was in the prime of life and the "Buckhorn Tavern" 
was in the hey day of its glory> the bar room, or rather what mieht be more 
appropriately called the assembly room (as Mr. Burleson never kept a bar), 
j was quite a resort for those who came to spend an idle hour and take part i 

! in spinning the yarns tliat were a part of the settlers' social stock in trade 

of those days. As a rule, when the dinner hour came, Mr. Burleson would 
extend an invitation to all to come to the dining room for dinner. The man ■ 
who came to loaf received as hearty an invitation to come to his table as 
i the traveler guest who expected to pay his bill. This trait of S. Burleson's 

1 character did not always tiud a willing response in the cooks, who once or 

I twice tried to rebell against his generosity, but he told them he paid for 

what went onto the table and he expected it cooked for whoever he saw tit 
to have sit at his table and any one who was at his place wiien meals were 
ready was welcome to eat. 

My recollection of Mr. Burleson is that he never leaned toward any reli- 
gious creed, in fact was somewhat of an agnostic, believing that the great 
i mystery was as open to one man as anotlier and that no man had any know l- 

edge of the future life and that the Bible was not the direct spoken word 
I of the Almighty to man, but the written genealogy of the hiuman race and 

recorded moral laws that were promulgated by the wisest men of the world's 
earliest known liistory. iS'otwithstnding tiiat, we have no knowledge of his 
ever laying a straw in the way of those who were workng to extend the 
cause of religion and several times liberally responded to the soliciting of 
donations for church building and work, thouiih he would more readily have 
given for educational purposes, believing educatoin was more of a civilizing 
force than religion. 

When a boy, we did not have any too good opinion of Mr. Burleson, large- 
ly on account of the intluerice of the expressed opinion of others, who on 
account of some real or imaginary faults of his, took particular pains to 
speak ill of him out of his hearing. But after coming to m;in's estate and 
judging men by the visible evidence of what they accomplished and weigliing 
them by the scale of justice with the good in one balance atid the ill in the | 
other, we come to have a better opinion of Shade Burleson than we have of 
the average man. 

On account of his prominence as a pioneer settler and landloid .and his ; 
strong will and peculiarly clear cut personality, we have often wanted to write 
of him as we understood him by the eviderjce of over thirty years acquaint- 
ance as a near neigiibor. We have already given in part our reason for not 
liking him any too well as a boy, the remaining reason is a story by itself. 
But as paper is clieap and uiy pencil is long to illustrate Mr. Ihirloson's 
ability to judge liimself we will tell that story. At that tiuie there were 
perhaps a score of boys from eight to fourteen years of age in the Buckhorn 
region and no swimming hole short, of the river over a mile trom the .school 
house. Up St ream from Mr. Burle.soii's land there were high l):inKs to the 
' creek and the boys concludid by damming the creek a sh(irt order duck i-oukl |- 

! be liad at any hour of the day. After a good deal ot hari work, carryhig 



stones and cutting rods, a good stron^r dam was constructed that when full 
would afford water neck deep to a man for a short way above he dam and 
enough slack water to make mighty good swimming for goslings sucli as we. 
For twenty rods up stream in those days Mr. Burleson and ott^ers depended 
upon the streams How for stock water. When the water failed to come 
down for a day or such a matter, Mr. Burleson began to think of looking 
up the source of tlie drought. He and several who hanpened to be staying 
around the tavern, among whom we believe were Bill Deniston and John 
Crane, took spades and started for that dam. The water had risen to 
within several inches ot the top and the water looked so inviting, as it was 
a warm day, that the younger men could not resist taking a plunge before 
they drained the pond. Mr. Burleson was fond of sport liimself and a great 
athelete and after watcljing the others a minute or so threw off his clothes 
and sought the cooling waters, after which the dam was destroyed and the 
thirsty stock below reveled in the waters that came down— not at ''Ladore", 
but from the boys' hoped for swimming hole. 

To the writer of this, who was watching from afar It looked to the boy 
as a rank injustice and a flagrant violation of the rights of boys and the 
thought was leaven to his rising indignation and after the party of men 
had returned to the bar room of the hotel, the boy "bearded the lion in his 
den and Douglas in his hall" and standing in the middle of the room and 
with a force that would have done credit to Patrick Henry and in language 
that would do credit to no one. addressed Mr. Burleson on the rights and 
feelings of boys and explained to him though the boys knew the creek was 
gettng a little dry below, that in a few hours more there would be water to 
spare, and he considered it an unwarranted invasion of boyhood land for a 
lot of grown up men to usurp the longed for pleasures of the boys by taking 
a swim themselves and then blasting the fond hopes of tlie juveniles by des- 
troying the dam. In tiie boy's mind, tliere was uppermost the thought of 
a great injustice done liim and his pals and in his voice only scorn and con- 
demnation for those whom he was judging, ile addressed all his language to 
Mr. Burleson, as though he considered he was tiie only one of the party of 
whom he expected fairer treatment. Though the boy's language, smarting 
under the supposed wrong was scathing, mean and insulting, Mr. Burleson 
said not a word, but sat stroking his beard as was customary with iiim 
wlieu in tliought and seemed to be taking no note of wliat the boy was say- 
ing—but he was. He was weighing tlie matter in his mind according to the 
way he knew the boy felt about it and leaving tlie thirsty stock out ol con- 
sideration. The boy thougtit he was only ignoring liim and after abusing 
him roundly walked out of the room. I*erhaps Mr. Burleson would not have 
taken one-tenth of the abuse from any man and lie know well enougli lie 
could ha ve sweet revenge on the boy by telling his father of the languaire 
used to the man; knew there would soon be a tannery started that would 
take ^very hair olT the boy's hide. Well he did not tell him and we have 
thought, since wc came to man's estate, that he more than half admired a 
boy wno would stand before him and judge him according to the lioy's idea 
of the justice in the case and condemn niin in such scathing language. 



llO ':i\': 'i<\ :. \/- 



56 



There is no doubt with us now but what the boy would have had a 
strong friend in "Uucle Shade" if he had used sense enough to have Jeft 
the trail tlien instead of leading many of an invasion against Mr. Burleson's 
best apples and perpetrating various little tricks to annoy him just to 
"make good" and thereby increasing his disgust for the ways of boys in 
general and this one in particular. After the passing of the years an(t one 
was man grown and the other man grown gray, they were walking side by 
side, Chatting about tlie day's affairs of life, Mr. Burleson with his linnds 
behind his back and little stooped forward as was often his wont, ail at 
once he left the subject and remarked, "well you seem to have made a pret- 
ty fair sort of a man, but you was the damndest, meanest boy I ever saw." 

In the days of other years when the Buckhorn tavern was in its glory 
and dancing was a very popular form of amusement nearly everywhere, all 
the length and haif the width of the upper story of trie main part of Burle- 
son's tavern stand was a ball room and several times during each season 
there would be a wide awake ball at Buckhorn. Burleson always took ex- 
tra pains on these occasions to cater to the comfort and joy of his guests. 
There were plenty of hostlers and stable room with mangers tilled witii hay; 
on the tables a "horn of plenty" and in the ball room the best string t)and 
the country afforded and a hurrying of feet, and in tiie bar. room cards and 
checkers and many a well spun story. Tlie popularity of Burleson's bails 
used to bring many from as far away as DeWitt and Andrew and sometimes 
from Bellevue and there are plenty from Maine to California and Dakota to 
Texas, who are now grown old, who have tripped the light fantastic at the 
old Buckhorn tavern, while S. Burleson was the landlord and we do not be- 
lieve there are any who have any "kick" at the way they were treated by 
the Burlesons. 

Burleson always was a warm friend of Nathaniel Butterworth, who kept 
the Butterworth House at Andrew, whicii miglit be wondered at if Burle- 
son hadn't have been Burleson and Butterworth liadn't liave been But- 
terworth. For through the heat of the rebellion, Burleson was tlie strongest 
Kind of an abolition republican and Butterworth was just the opposite, so 
much so tiiat once when some one went into the store of an abolition tire 
beater at Andrew and asked "wliat is butter worth" he got the reply "he 

is a d ed old copperhead." Wiien there was a ball at Butterworrii's some 

of Burleson's young folks were sure to go to Butterworth's ball. As we are 
not writing Andrew history we will return to Buckliorn and follow still 
further the characteristic of and the events in the life of Ihickhorn's wid- 
est known citizen, best liked by his friends and most disliked by his ene- 
mies. 

What gave the name of Buckliorn to this little cluster of houses was the 
sign of Burleson's tavern, which was a cedar post about t^velve feet high 
literally covered with the antlers of the deer Burleson had kiMed In previ- 
ous days, when mucli of Ids living depended upon his fire, and what made 
Buckhorn famous and far known in ot her days was the Buckhorn tavern 
and Shade Burleson himself, who was ever ready to grant a favor to those 
Nvho asked and stand up for his own rights and those whom he believed in 



under any and all circumstances, and just as relentlessly follow those whom 
he believed was trying to wrong him. 

Sometime in the fall of 18G5 or there abouts, when his large barn wasfuJl 
to overflowing with hay, grain and farming machinery, it was set afire, 
about seven o'clock or half past in the evening where a clapboard was loose 
on the side hid from sight of the house and burned to the ground. (A barn 
built by him on the same foundation was also burned by accident since S. 
Burleson died and his son Frank came into possession.) A man by tlie name 
of Kowley VVaight, who in after years became an uncle of the writer by mar- 
riage, was known to have an ill will against S. Burleson and who took no 
pains to conceal it, was arrested as the most likely person to have committed 
the crime. There was claimed to have been some other circumstantial evi- 
ence against him, among tlie rest the fact that he was gone from home 
an hour or so at the time the barn was tired and could not account for his 
absence only by the statement of himself and family that lie was at the 
creek after a barrel of water, having to haul their water from about half a 
mile from the house. On account of lack of suflicient evidence to convict 
and the help of Lettingweli, one of the best, if not the very best criminal 
lawyer, in the state, who later became judge of the courts of Clinton County, 
Waight was cleared, but it broke him up tinancially and compelled him to 
sell one of the best farms in tliis section, the one now occupied by August 
Luett. It was a stubborn legal contest, as it might be expected to have 
been with the interest of such a man as Shadrach Burleson supported by 
such a lawyer as Darling on the one side and a clients case defended by 
such a man as Judge Leflnigwell on the otiier side. At the same time, it 
was being tried and retried in the neighborhood where the crime was com- 
mitted and Burleson and Waigiit eacii came in for their share of condemna- 
tion or exoneration with the bulk of the sympathy in favor of Waight. In 
this narrative we are neither judge nor jury, only stenographer recording 
known liistory and opinion of early settlers for and against S. Burleson. It 
was the belief of many of this neighborhood that a certain woman, wlio 
aspired to tlie atlections of one of the Burleson family and was tlien there, and 
whose passion was unrequitted. burned tlie barn out of revenge. But as be- 
lief is not proof and Waight was acquitted, the burning is still unsolved. 

As Burleson was such a leading spirit in much of the history of this 
country, we have often wanted to write him up, as we and others have un- 
derstood him, but have been a little loath to undertake it, as some of it is 
bound to conflict with the opinion of others and much tliat lias already 
been written on matter that implicates him indirectly. Shade Burleson 
was undoubtedly a man of great courage or he never would have undertaken 
to have settled the W. W. Brown estate: being known as it was that he, 
like many of Jackson County's best citizens, did not believe Brown was all 
or any where near what Cox and his friends painted him, and he, like such 
men as Ance Wilson, Wm. Current, J. E. Goodenow, Nathaniel Butter- 
worth and in fact many of the U^ading men of this, as well as other parts of 
Jackson County, refused to go to lielp drive Brown out of the country, b'or 
all of that, after iJrowti was killed it was about all a man's life was worth 
to say a word in defense of Brown or against the manner of disposing of 



i": 1 




SIIADRACII r>UrvLKS(^N 



glorj to be woven into parlands lor some future hall of fame, approache 
Tceple with all the diK^nity of a superior oilicer and said: "Lieutenar 
Teeple give me tliat sword," to which, withoat; so much as a mihiary salul 
or a cessation in the manual of arms, the valiant lieutenant replied "go t 
hell and'get your own sword.'' TJjis story oi the sword only illustrales ho 
little the pioneers cared for military discipline and has led us av;ay fro: 
the subject of Cox and Brown and tl:e Bellevue war and the connectic 
Shade Burleson had with it in the veiling of ilie \V. W. ^>rov^•n estate. 1 
show what the fcclinj? was (of the Warren and Cox party and their frienc 
which still lives in their descendants) toward tiicse who had faith in Brown ; 
a useful citizen of Jackson County, v,-e will mention what Nathaniel Butte 
worth, Jr., recently told us, lie bein^^ a boy at tiiat tiaie and re-nemberii 
tlie circumstances connected therewith. (As vre h.ave before stated N: 
lhaniel Butterworlii, Sr., as did sucli men as J. E. Goodeno'^>, Ance Wilsoi 
\\m. Current, \Vm. Morden, Sliade Burleson. Ca-vin Teeple and many cthe 
refused to go with Col. Cox and others to drive Brown out o: tlie country 
J. E. Goodenow said to them "Wliat do I want to help drive Brown out > 
the country for? lie is the best man lor the country tliere is in it. Ar 
man who needs tielp can £^et it from Brown. He will trust any m.an. 
These men mifjiit have been laboring under a delusion, but any man wl 
knew them will not accu.se them of bei-ng in sympathy witli criminals, (e 
pecially such men as J. E. Goodenow). But to get back to Butterworth 
story, after the tragical April 1, 1S40. when Brown and several others we 
killed and still others, svho were taken prisoners, whipped and ordered oi 
of the country never to return on pain of death by the Warren and C( 
posse, or mob as you see tit to call it. A part of his heroes (ts W. A. Wa 
ren called them in his defense of the uiethod of taking off of Bircv.u) amoi 
whom was Col. Cos himself slopped in frcnt of B.ut terworth's on th.eir r 
turn from Bcllevue arul called Butterworth cut ar.d producing a jug ( 
whiskey ordered Butterworth to drink. Not caring to arouse their ill fe( 
ings he complied, v.hereupon some one of the pa'iy said, not Coz, he w 
in tlie bottom of the wagon ijed too drunk to S';y anything: "Butteiwort 
tlie finger of suspicion is pointing at vou and if you do not carry \ourse 
mighty straight, wu will" indicating wluit they would do by a move of tl 
hand as though circling his neck with a rope. T/iis will sliow wr,at Sha< 
Burleson undertook when he admini.-t cred on \\. \V. Brown's estate, beii 
as he was one of those who were friends of Brov.i). It also will show som 
thing of tl.'c cliaracter and nerve of the man wliry v.ould undcrt;ikc it. inasmui 
as it became necessary for him to comnience action ng;iinst several of the C 
party for mor^ey o\sed l>y them to \V. W. }3rown. S'-me say ''why lesurrc 
those thin<;s that happened so long ;.go, wh.eii th-j part ies arc all dead ai 
tlie cvcnl s nearly f(»rg(jttcn. " There con be no resurrection of the ever 
for they are si ill a live kssue and while much (.f ilie recorded history is vc 
much inclined I 'unakc her(.)cs of Jlrov. n's slayers, it causes a sti{jm:i upniit!i<: 
past, and present, v.lio have Ijecn, or are now. i^ki|.lica] and in writing upl 
l»i()gr;»phy of our old neig)>l)or Sh;ido r^urlc-on. we cannc»l avoid louchii 
upon the subject of the Belluvue v. ar. We have bvfore stalid lh;it in \. lili 
this narrative we weie neit her judge or juiy, vu\y stenographer, but y 



f 

i 
I 

1 



I 



i • 

I 



siiADi^ACii im-iuj:sox. 



-^61 



must also to some extent be Burleson's attorney in a way, to defend him as 
the "OJd Settler" from the attacks made upon him by.W. A. Warren and 
the "anonymous writer" in tlje 1879 history of Jackson county. In our de- 
fense we will mostly use tlie account of the Bellevue war and events con- 
nected therewith as found in said 1879 liistory. AH, nearly, with the ex- 
ception of old Settlers" letter, (which you will find tucked away in an ob- 
scure place in print, nearly to tine to read, and the letter written by the 
anonymous writer) was either the word for word writing" of W. A. Warren 
or taken from his writing by the compilers— and is so stated by the publish- 
ers. In order to make our case clear we will have to quote from said history 
and will commence with old settler's letter of Sept. 6th, to the MaquoKeta 
Excelsior. 

"I saw in one of your papers that a company was setting up the 
early history of Jackson county, if there is any tiling to be said about the 
Bellevue tragedy or war that liappened in the early days of the county, I 
wish it to come before the people in its true light. 

"I came to this country in April, 1837, the same summer, one Thomas 
Cox, had a contract to survey the county and as he was a great friend of 
Monongahela whisky, he procured a barrel for his outlit. His boss surveyor 
was a man named McDonald. Cox kept camp and entertained the callers 
while the others done the surveying, so he became acquainted with nearly 
every one in the country and when we organized into Iowa territory Cox 
represented this county in the legislature, but never lost sight of his friend, 
Monongahela. The people, however, began to think they had better not 
trust him with so responsible a position any longer. Cox saw unless some- 
thing was done he must go down and that William Brown of Bellevue was 
bound to be the coming man of the county. This lirown was an off hand 
business man, he bought property on credit and turned it so as to make 
money with every change. He bought a hotel of Peter Dutelland ran it him- 
self. He also had a dry goods store, all bought on creidt no man or beast 
went away from his door hungry, money or no money, lie trusted every body 
and was just the man for the country. The honest and industrious part of 
the community thouglit Brown was doing more for the country than any 
man in it. 

"Cox, however, became politically jealous of Brown and raised a mob to 
drive Brown out of the country or kill him. To excite the mob, Cox toid his 
friends, Brown was getting rich too fast to get it honestly and tliat he 
thought there was a gang of horse tliieves and counterfeiters at Brown's and 
he proposed driving them out of the country, so with the aid of the Monon- 
gahela wliiskey, he got his friends together at Bellevue and ordered l*r(>wn 
to surrender or leave the country. Brown told the coniimttoe he would nut 
surrender to a mob, but would meet them before ar.v tribunal they might 
name at any place or time and abide tlie decision. The mob was very drunk, 
yet they passed the whiskey around and then swore they would have blood. 
As every man in the crowd owed Ihown more or less for clothing and livinj: 
and being crazed witli licjuor and pleased with petting rid of paying their 
debts tliey proceeded at once in putting into elVect their murderous intent. 
I do not remember the numbe', but think Irom seven to nine were killed, 



several more wounded, five or six whipped and ordered to leave the country. 
Wm. Fox was one of tlie number wiiipped. Soon after I met Fox and iie 
swore he never would do another day's work while lie lived, but would rob. , 
murder or steal for a living. "They liad ruined his character and the sooner 
he was dead the better it would be for him. Brown's friends in IBeilevuc 
and throughout tlie country, were tlie industrious part of the community, 
while Cox's friends were those who minded everybody's business but their 
5 own. 

i We thouglit in those days the sheriff was not quite as strict in perform- 

I ing his duties as iie should have been and endeavored to please everyone he 

' met, women not excepted— although he was a pretty clever fellr)w," 

^ OLD SETTLEIl. 

; The sheriff and others have said that Old Settler was quite a hand torry 

' to please the woman too— and chased after them a great deal, but as we never 

heard of one complaining of him, we take it as evidence that lie never chased 
the poor dears very far. Old Settler's charge is pretty strong against the men 
led by Cox and Warren and too sweeping, seemingly, to be accepted in to-to 
but Is no more so than W. A. Warren's reply to it in which he cliarges that j 
Old Settler was a mem'ber of Brov/n's gang and a svmpathizer with murder- i 
ers, horse thieves nad counterfeiters, and intimates he was one of the party j 
who murdered Col. Geo. Davenport at his home on llock Island the night | 
of July 4th, 1845. True. Warren does not give cut anvthing to positively | 
tix the identity of Old Settler (as one would expect him to do if he could | 
prove what he charges), but t he letter following Warren's, in the .lackson | 
County History of 1879, and written by one who signs "Pioneer", does fix j 
it on S. Burleson by alluding to Old Settler as T.rown's administrator, al- ; 
though Warren and Pioneer make pretty serious charges against Old Settler, j 
tliey both fail to point out where the proof can be found as to their charges j 
of Old Settler's criminal record. Is there any proof for anv of (;ld Settler's ! 
charges against Col. Cox or iiis co-operatorsV or anv justitication for the i 
faith so many of the pioneers had in Brown as a man and useful citizen? I 
Those pioneers, we mean, among them such men as .T. fcj. Goodenow and 
Auce Wilson, the latter wiio yet lives at 90 years of age this coming May. 
the 5tii, 190G, and, who according to Win. Current's, (his nephew) state- 
ment to me, remarked no longer ago than a year tliat according to his abil- 
ity to judge men. W. W. Brown as a man stood head and shoulders above 
Thomas Cox. Is there any proof that ('ox was an intemperate man and 
politically jealous of W. W. Brown, as Old Settler charges him with having 
been, if there is we can find it on page .3(U of the 1879 history of Jackson 
County, in the art icle titled "A Sherill Foiled." and mentions a caucus 
held about six months and a half after .lackson Count v was orL\ini/ed The 
article in part refers to a span of iiorses stolen and claimed bv a man named 
Jenkins, who descril)ed t liem to Sherill Warren's sat isfaction and gained 
posssession. We quote from the account of the caucus, which was furnished 
by Warren himself: "About ten days after the departure of Jenkins a cau- 
cus was held for tlie nomination of a democratic candidate for the legislature 
and Col. 'i'liomas Cox. who was t he democratic war-hor>e of .lackson Count v. 
was apparently (}»e oniy man talked of. The balloting wns regarded as a mere 

.1 

I 




r if 



I . ' -f ■ : - . ■„ ■ ■•■ . .y- ■ ■ - ■ 



:63 



^formality, when to the amazement of Cox and his supporters Brown was de- 
clared nominated by a vote of two to one. Cox was a very high tempered man 
and fond of whiskev, which frequently had the better of him. He arose then 
to denounce Rrown and his clan. .Just after the meetingf two strant^ers ap- 
peared inquiring for the siieritf, the eider ot wiiom was recognized as the 
Hon. K. Bri«:^liam of W isconsin, lie was in search of a span of liorses stolen 
from him which lie believed to be tlie ones advertised from Believue. He 
gave the same marks Jenlcins had given besides otliers. Cox and Brigham 
had served together in tlie legislature and wlien tiie former lieard the truth 
in regard to his friend's loss he declared open war on Brown, previous to 
this time lie had been one of his strongest allies and looked upon him 
as a persecuted man. But he no longer hesitated openly to declare him a 
base villain, nor did he ever relent his enmity toward him. And we tind 
Cox one or the leaders at the time the tnieves svere exterminated. "Strange 
Cox should be one of Brown's strongest allies believing liim to be a perse- 
cuted man and not find out the true character of liim and his clan, until 
just after those ballots were counted and was beaten two to one. Strange 
also Brigham should turn up just at the right moment with the ear marks 
of those horses to connect Brown with <-he theft. Such things have been 
done before now to help tix a political fence. 

. By quoting further it seems he didn't get the riders all on. "A decided 
majority was on the side of Brown, who did not then attempt to conceal his 
true character and the prospects were not pleasant for those who opposed 
him. Brigham and his friend left between sunset and sunrise and Cox was 
saved from injury by going to liis home, having announced liimself an inde- 
pendent candidate for the legislature to which he was subsequently elected. " 
(Brown is said to have been dead before that election occurred.) Does this 
prove that Cox was an intemperate man and politically jealous of BrowuV 

History does not state wliat was the true character of i-)rovvn. he no 
longer attempted to conceal, but it might liave been his opposition to Cox 
and his fence builders. Is there any excuse to otfer for the faith of Old 
Settler and others in I'rown being representative man of the country and 
at least of average good citizensliip.V If there is we will look for the proof 
of it in Captain Warren's own account of early atfairs as written by him for 
the 1879 history of .Jackson Countv, as that is all we have at liand now. 
Besides we had rather quote words of praise from a known enemy of Brown's 
—-it is more apt to be reliable. At intervals all through \V. A. Warren's 
write up of the Believue alfair lie pictures Brown as a villain of the blackest 
dye, which might or might not have been true for all we know. We are neitli- 
er for nor against, but we are looking for the evidence. In one passage of 
Warren's writings in which he condemns Brown, we also tind the followini:: 
"Brown was a man of tine personal appearance and had the semblance of 
culture about him. He was possessed of an engaging manner, was lio.spita- 
ble, a good talker and well calculated as a leader ot men. Mrs. Brown too. 
was a handsome and accomplished ladv and won many friends l)y hor wo- 
manly and kind ways. Brown liimself was a charitable man, l)encvolcnt to 
those in want, ever pleasant ;ind kind to children and really possessed of a 
humane and generous heart." Mr. Warren does not say Brown borrowed the 



( U^k'^i^U" K^k^k/'^ k^^^^^^ a^ra^tbirk^ m^k^li^' 



JOHN O. SEELEY I 
well known To the readars of all of ^ 
the Maqiioketa newspapers under the S 
pen name of Farmer Buckhort]." i 
resides in the Bnckhorn settlement \ 
in Soutii Fork township and thus de- J 
rives his non de plume. A siiort J 
sketch of this popular writer's life % 
and ancestors appears in number one 5 
of tlie annals of Jackson County, * 
Iowa, published by the Jackson Coun- i 
ty Historical Society { 



Co 



]arabs clothes for state occasions, but they were among: his real possessions 
and I would like to ask for the ben'etit of the jury if Old Settler wasn't ex- 
cusable in tseein^ Brown with his "lamb skin" on and if tliere is any xase 
on record, except in romance, \Vhere a man with all tiiose tine characterist- 
ics and "really possessed of a humane and generous heart" was known to be a 
black hearted villain and a leader of murderers, counterfeiters, tliieves and 
thugsV Warren must have been mistaken about those tine qualities. Many 
a man has been believed to liave been such and some of them have been 
shot. Even Marie Antoinette, tiie hapless wife of Louis ttie IGth, of 
France, was belieaded by the terrorists of n93 and according to an account 
given James Ellis by near relatives, whose people lived at Bellevue in 1640. 
Brown's wife the handsome and accomplished lady, who won many friends 
by her kind ways, was taken to the river after Brown was killed by some of 
the slieriff's posse, placed on a plank and threatened with being set adrift if 
she did not tell where Brown's money was. 

But, that is only tradition and would not be admitted only as corrobora- 
tive evidence by any court. Now is there any evidence to prove tliat -'Old 
Settler's" charge that all of tliose who participated in the tragedy of 
April 1st, 1840, against Brown and his clan owed Brown for clothes and liv- 
ing? -Perhaps noc, as "all" is a large majority, but there is evidence, and 
plenty of it, that some of tliem at least, were on VV. W. Brown's book and 
that Shadrach Burleson, as administrator, had to commence suit to collect 
and had a rocky time of it. E'or that proof we will iiave to go to the territor- 
ial docket of Jackson County and will iiave to call nfiraes. which is not a 
pleasant duty for us, 'but we are pleading "Old Settler's" case and owe as 
much to the feelings of the descendants of "Old Settler.*' who are my 
neighbors, as we do to tlie descendants of tliose whose names we tind on the 
court records, in whicli instances, we will have to be personal. 

Brown employed a great many wood ciioppers, ran a hotel, general store, 
a meat market and did a large credit business, consequently, at the time 
of his death, had a great many accounts on his book, as well as many prom- 
isory notes, of which many were against men who were witli Warren's posse, 
under Cox's leadership, wlien Brown was killed- 

While we are getting up courage to tackle the disagreeable task of un- 
earthing the records, we will place thoughts on paper that have often come 
to us while reading Warren's account of the Bellevue war. Why was it 
necessary for ho, Cox. and others to scour the country to raise a posse to 
Jilfect a legal arrest of P>rown, and his men charged with conspiring to dis- 
turb tiie peace and welfare of the country, when tliere were two companies 
of territorial iiiililia in .lacUson County and organized for the express pur- 
pose of protecting tlie territorial peace and help enforce its laws; one of 
them commanded l)y Joseph S. Mallard, a prospective son-in-law of ('ol. Cox. 
and tlio otiier by Henry .Mallard, brother of .loseph, with Calvin Tecple as 
bis first lieutenant';' As we tind Henry Mallard's compar\y supporting Sheriil 
^Varren at the lianging of .hickson for the murder of I'erUins, tluM»' is no 
^^ouht it would have t)tM!n availal)le for a Ifgal arrest of Brown :ind his gang, 
'ii»d tliat Lieutenant Teeple witli his sword would have completely suhvhied 
'hem wilhoiit, ;i drop of hlojd hi'irig shell. .Ntnv to the ovidtMice of I Iiom* 



debts. Burleson, undertaking to collect, found himself up against a pro- 
blem. It he commenced suit against one of Brown's debtors, the debtor 
would demand a jury and in nearly every case, as the old court dockets of 
that period show, the jury were mostly composed of men who were in VVar- 
ren's posse, and the result, in nearly all cases, w^as a verdict for defendant. 
On page 180, April term, 1840. S. Burleson, as Brown's administrator, got 
a judgment against James C. Mitchell, John Peterson and John Stuckey for 
$106.70. (James C. Mitchell was not with the posse, although he wanted to 
be allowed to go with it. He was in jail indicted for manslaughter.) On 
page 182, same term, the case of S. Burleson, administrator, against Elisha 
Barrett and John Jotms was appealed and afterwards defenajints got a ver- 
dict against plaintilt On page 182, James C. Mitchel confessed judgment in 
favor of administrator. In December, 1840, Joseph Charlyville brought 
suit against Burleson, administrator, for $67.50. Burleson brought a count- 
er claim for $79.00. A jury was empaneled and brought in a verdict for 
Charlyville for $38.00. On another occasion, Burlcson. as administrator, 
brought suit against Lyman Wells for debts due the estate of Brown. In 
1842, Burleson, as administrator, brought suit against James White ana W. 
A. Warren and these parties came into court and confessed judgment. On 
page 94. Burleson brought suit against Charlie Harris, the man who issued 
the warrant for Brown's arrest, for debts due estate of Brown, but, as in 
nearly all cases, a jurv composed of men who fought against Brown brought 
in a verdict for defendant. 

We have here naned a portion of those the territorial docket proves 
were on Brown's bo'jks as debtors at the time Bro^vn Wc\s killed. It does 
not prove the accounts were in all cases genuine, as in several instances the 
jury rendered a verdict in favor of defendant: nor does it prove "Old Sel- 
ler's statement as to all being Brown's debtors was true, but, it does prove 
some of them were, as Bnrlesou got a judgment against Mitchel. Peterson 
and Stuckey, and that Mitchel confessed judgment, as did W. A. Warren 
and James Wtnte. In the fan before brown was killed, he sued John Cox, 
a member of Warren's posse, and got a judgment lor $18.00 

As afore said, this does not prove "<^)id Settler's" statement in reeard 
to all those who participated in Brown's removal, were Brown's debtors, 
and it does not prove they were not, as there would be no record of those 
who came forward and settled with the administrator without legal action 
at law. When "Old Settler" stated all the mob were pleased at the oppor- 
tunity to wipe out their debts by mobbing Brown, he evidently went a long 
way too far, for no one can well believe eighty men could be found, all of 
whom were anxious to pay th«ir debts in that way. and it is douhlful as to 
"Old Settler's" ititPiition to convey that idea as to all of them. Mis charge 
to their l)eing a drunken mob Is contradicted by SheritV Warren's s*-ateiuent 
that no li(iu(>i was drank that day or the next. If that Is true. Col. ("ox 
must have been drv by the third day. i'he charge of mob, however, takes 
on a semblance of truth masnmcli as the plea of Cox. at least, was not for 
help to place Brown and others under leg.al arrest to answer to the law for 
certain crimes specltied in a warrant, luit (according to statomonls of old 
settlers of this vleinity) to drivi' Brown and his friends diil of t ne ctMUitrv. 



67 



We can't tind ;is he was successful in raising: a man in these parts, among 
whom were the WiJcoxs, Mallards-, Fences, Burlesons, Vosburgs. Teeple, 
Scott, Beers, Perkins, Redden, Thomas Wood and others, who were always 
since, known as law abiding citziens; nor could they, so far as we could 
ever learn, raise one in the Maquoketa region, among whom were Goodenow, 
Lyman Bates, the Wrights, Currents, Wilson and others, who were life long 
residents of this country and foremost and exemplary citizens. According 
to W. A. Warren's own pen he could only prevail on one or two to go from 
Sabula. With the exception of those from Sabula, there is nothing to show 
us a single man south of the Maquoketa river wlio could be prevailed upon 
to help exterminate Brown and his so-called band of desuaradoes, and that 
too in face of the fact that Warren claimed in liis vvrite-up the western part 
of the county suffered severely from the depradar.ions of Brown's men. 

From what we can learn from written history and from old residents, 
the posse got no recruits in the western and southern parts of the county, 
except a very few of Cox's relatives and neighbors in the country between 
Fulton, Bridgeport and Andrew, was made up from around Bellevue, and 
according to Warren's write-up. a party from the Illinois side of the river, 
who came over to help support the law of Iowa (if we can take that view) 
and also a captain and a crew on a steamboat plying the neutral waters of 
the Mississippi, who tied up and came ashore to take part in the melee, but 
did not get there in time to have a hand in the tight, whicli must have 
been a sad disappointment to river men of those days, when, as a source of 
amusement, a tight beat a circus ten to one. 

By the light of history as furnished us by the write-up of W. A. Warren 
of the Bellevue war, there is no doubt but what he and many others of ttie 
posse were endeavoring to act in a humane and legal way. We find after 
Brown was killed and his so-called bandits were taken prisoners, and the 
cry went up from the mob element for the blood of every single one of the 
prisoners and ropes had been placed around tlie neck of some of them. Dav- 
id G. Bates, 11. K. Magocn, Parks, Allex Reed and otliers addressed the 
mob and pleaded with them to consider ttie cause of mercy, but to no 
avail, and it was found necessary to hedge for time, iioping something 
would turn up to stay the cry for blood. Warren asked them to listen to 
what ('ol. Cox might have to say. We tind, according to Warren's writings, 
Cox, tiiougii not pleading for tlie law or mercv, asked in tlie cause of liu- 
man decency, not to let their desire for vengeance cause tliem to neglect the 
care of tlie dead and wounded, and tlie wcmeti. who around their fallen 
friends were wringing their liaiuis and wailihg in their sorrow, that to 
abide tlic morrow and then what might bo tlie verdict of the majority he 
and tlie rest would abide by. 

That night a meeting, consisting of the mc^i^t intluontial citizens gath- 
ered at tlie residence of .lames L. Kirkpat rick to agree upon what disposi- 
tion sliould'be made of the prisoners. Gathered t hero were C'ol. Co\, Alex 
Reed, T. 11. l\irks, Ansen Harrington, .1. \\. Mo.ss, II. K. MagO(Ui. Col. 
Collins, I^ew llilyard, David i^ates, John T. Sublett and o( hers. W. A. 
Warren's writ itigs says "tiie meet, ing was organized l)y calling .1. D. Ivlrk- 
pat.rick to the chair, when 1 addressed the iiHTtini; asking and urging that 



it should be sustained in maintainingf the authority of the law, in bringing 
these men to answer to the charge set forth in the warrant. In tliis I was 
ably sustained by David G. Bates, Alexander Reed, T. H. Parks and li. K. 
Magoon." 

Upon further reading of Warren's account of the affair we lind Anson 
Harrington, one of the committee who tiled the information for a warrant 
for the arrest of \Y. W. Brown, Aaron Long, VVm. Fox and twenty others, 
and placed it in Sherilf W. A. Warren's hands for service, and also Col. 
Thomas Cox, who had represented Iowa Territory as legislator and speaker 
of the house, and who if any one should be found on the sheritf's side 
pleading for legal proceedings, the more so as he was said to have been 
deputized by the sherilf to help organize the posse to effect a legal arrest of 
Brown and his men, were opposed to letting the law take its course and using 
their influence (which Warren said was great) to bring about a wholesale 
hanging. Without further fuss or feathers, declaring nothing short would 
satisfy the people, we so lind them using their influence toward that end so 
Jong as there was an opportunity left. Warren further said, "to oppose 
such men as Cox and Harrington was uphill business for they not only held 
the esteem of tne people, but were capable of impressing their views on 
those whom they wished to influence in this or any other matter. To hedge 
was now our policy, to obtain, if possible, a lighter sentence than death. 
D. G. Bates comprehending the situation and seeing the utter impossibility 
to carry out the proposition to hold them subject to law, olfered the follow- 
ing resolution : ''That we shall meet at 10 o'clock a^. m. tomorrow, and 
the prisoners shall be sentenced as a majority of the citizens shall then des- 
ignate, and we pledge ourselves one to another, whatever that sentence 
hsall be, we will see faithfully carried out."' Mr. Bates sustained his resol- 
ution by an able speaech. saying they were not ail guilty alike, rtiev ought 
to be punished according to their crimes. The resolution was accepted and 
adopted unanimously and the committee retired at 4 a. m. for a few hours 
rest." We learn further from Warren, at ten o'clock the prisoners were 
brought in haggard of countenance and looking as thougli they anticipated 
the worst. Col. Cox, who occupied the chair, addressed them, statifig they 
had been given a chance to peacefully surrender and had not accepted it, and 
on that account several of the best citizens had been sacriliced. and he was 
authorzed to inform them the citizens would then proceed to relieve the sher- 
iff of his duties, and whatever the verdict of the majority was would bo 
strictly carried out. 

According to Cox's statement, the sheritf had been set aside and the 
prisoners taken in charge by liis posse. That oosse became as near being a 
mob as "Old Sett,ler" claimed they were, whether it was a mob before the 
tight or not. "Old Settler's" claim that tliey were drunk at the time of 
the at.tack isn't proven, Warrt-Ji's statemefil that there was no liquor drank 
that day, otlsi'ls "Old vSet I lei's" claim. Warren's writings say> Col. Cox 
had closed all the saloons and provided boilers ot ho! roiVoo for the men. I 
have heard other old sot t lors say t here was pleniy of whiskey iti Mosses* 
store in colVee pots, hut as those old set t lets all died wiihout leaving a writ- 



ten testimony, so far as I know, hearsay cannot be considered, so the pre- 
ponderance of the evidence is with the boilers of hot cotfee." 

To return to the prisoners and their fate, we find Chichester had been 
granted a chance to speak in belialf of his fellow prisoners and by his elo- 
quence had made some impression upon many of ti^e citizens, whereupon 
Mr. Crawford, one of the advocates of mercy, seized the opportunity to lend 
strength to the humane cause and plead in the interest of the law. He well 
knew from the character of the men present what he might have to say 
would have no weight, but would ask that no greater punishment would be 
inflicted than the law provided for in such cases. At this junction we tind 
Anson Harrington energetically pressing his demand for their lives, as War- 
ren said he made an able argument in favor of twanging every one otthem." 
But for all the argument and inHuence of Harrington, Cox and others, there 
was a majority of three ballots cast in favor of whipping and banishment 
from the country, instead of hanging, wliich was done, and the prisoners, 
after being whipped, put luU) canoes and ordered to paddle out of the coun- 
try and never return upon pain of death. 

In order to make clear what the charges were against each particular 
one of those prisoners Cox, Harrington and others worked so hard to hang, 
and came within three of doing it, we will see what W. A. - Warren said 
about tlie proceedings in his reply to "Old Settler." 

"Now what are the facts as to the charge of "mobV" I have hereto- 
fore stated the courts of justice in .Jacl?son County were powerless. It mat- 
tered not what the charge was, an alibi could be proven, and the criminal 
went scot free. Batlled and beaten in every instance to bring these outlaws 
to justice, a commttee was appointed to see prosecuting Attorney Craw- 
ford and Judge Wilson, then one of the associating judges of the territory- 
and ask for orders. I was one of the committee. After laying our grieve, 
ances before the judges, Judge Wilson protested against anything like 
mob violence, and said the arm of the law would protect tlie people. He 
then advised an information to be tiled, charging Brown and liis associates 
with conspiracy to commit depredations, as alleged by the committee. Sucii 
course would prevent them trora testifying in each others behalf. This 
was accepted by the committee and on or about March 2oth, 1S40, James 
Crawford, then prosecuting attorney, dresv an information, charging Jjrown 
and twenty-two others as above stated, which information was sworn to 
by Anson Hairington, and the warrant issued by Chas. Harris and (ieo. 
Watkius. justices of the peace of Jackson Countv, and placed in tlie liarulsor 
the shertf of Jackson County for service." 

Tliis warrant didn't charge any of these men with committing any dep- 
redations, only coiispiring to commit depredation, so they couldn't testify 
one for another, it. was a sort of a guardian angel to prevent them irom 
being tempted to perjure themselves in case some charge sliould be prefer- 
red against some of their friends. It is evident from the statement of 
Judge Wilson that ttie wholesale arrest wasonlv to place Brown's friends in 
a position so they could not testify in each ot tiers behalf. There is nothing 
In tlie warrant, or in all of Warren's writings to show each and all of these 
men, or even a majority, had been guilty oi any p.irt icular crime, only b» ing 



i 



friends of those who had. It was claimed they would prove an alibi in case 
some of tiieir friends should be tried for crime as it was said it had been 
done in several instances. 

Brown was a sort of a lawyer, and according to history, well up in the ! 
art of defending his clients, and as it is the case with all our criminal law- ! 
yers. resorted to alibis, where possible to win liis case. . No one charges our i 
lawyers with being criminals on that account, though it is no doubt true j 
that if some of them were hung instead of their clients, the ends of justice i 
would be better served. So far as I know Brown and all his men miglit 
have been guilty of all the crimes in the criminal calendar, and we are j 
not defending them, only as tiie case seems to warrant. It will relieve j 
"Old Settler" and other from the stigma placed upon them for their faith j 
in Brown and their condemnation of the means taken to be rid of him. Ac- i 
cording to Warren's write-up, Brown questioned tiie legality of the whole- I 
sale arrest and in the light of Warren's evidence almost any one would | 
doubt the legality of the warrant, that according to written history, was ! 
only intended to deprive Brown and all his friends of the power of defense i 
in case future indictments should be preferred against any of them. 

We have it from pioneers' lips that are now stilled, and it can be prov- 
en by W. A. Warren's writings, that yet live, that Brown expressed him- 
self that he and his confederates would willingly surrender to tiie sheriff if 
they believed they would suffer no violence at the hands of Cox and his 
men, but they did not believe it. They likely thought, as many did. Cox's 
violent opposition to Brown and all who support him at a foresaid caucus, 
and his expressed determination to drive Brown out of the country, was 
his motive for action, and had banded together the good, bad arui indill'erent 
to protect Brown and themselves, as most people would, and surely a parcel 
of frontier men more or less free from the fettering influence of civilzation. 
Cox himself, had never been rocked in the cradle of civilization, but was I 
born on the frontier of Kentucky Territory, spent his whole life on the 
frontiers of bve different territories, never lived in any state, and was hur- 
ried in Iowa territory while it w\as yet more or less wild. 

According to Warren's written statemeut. Cox was of violent temper 
and addicted to intemperance, and according to a statement of the 1870 his- 
tory of Jackson (Jounty, was bigoted and arrogant, as his reply to the preacher 
who modestly inquired of him, who he was. seems to prove. His reply was, 
•'I am Col. Thomas Cox, supposed to be the smartest man in tliis part of the 
country." We have never found anytiiing in the liistory to prove he didn't 
actually believe it. Nevertheless. Cox was an unusual and remarkable man. 
Ambitious, courageous, energetic and persevering and a noted piotieer and 
did much service in bla/.iiig tlie trail for Iowa's future statehood, and ins 
life's work adds much of interest and value to history. He seemed to have 
been much such a man as David Crockett -lialf wild, yet so built by nature 
he was a leading civili/.er according to pioneer uietliods. Wut is there any 
excuse for urging the vvholesale liangmg ot ! brown's men. after tlu»y svore 
prisoners and barred from defeating the ends of the law by test ifying in 
their own belialf. While it is true .laokson Coutify had no jail to cuntine 
them in, they were state prisoners and the goNcrnor ha<l several comp.unes 

i 



J.iJ t • 



of militia at his command to guard them, in case the civil authorities could 
not. until they could have been brought to justice, which could have been 
sure enough and quick enough, judging from tiie temper of their accusers 
and the fact that the board of commissioners had power to call an extra 
court at any time.. 

We must believe (if we can) it was the sherilT's intent and desire to go 
according to law in arresting and dealing with Brown and his men, but was 
up against the influence of Cox and Harrington. But ttie history written up 
for the Jackson County History of 1879, as found in two accounts of the Belle- 
vue war, tlie historian's general write-up and the other, his reply to "Old 
Settler" conflicts, one with the other, in several instances. We do not 
charge that it was intentionally done, but the writer in liis attact on "Old 
Settler" might have forgotten just what he said before. Still, writings as 
history have no value as such, if they conflict on individual points, and ttiat 
IS what the history of 1879 does do. For instance, (to save space, we will only 
qoute phrases and pa^^sages that illustrates the points we refer to), Warren 
says: "Before I proceed to deal further with this viper, wiio is a tool of others 
pushed forward to express sentiments they tiiemselves dare not do, permit 
me to again give my readers a few incidents of our early history. I cannot 
remember all ttie criminal charges preferred against Brown and his outlaws, 
such as robbing the Collins, stealing Brigiiam's horses, which were found in 
Brown's stable and the sending of James Thompson and A. Montgomery to 
assassinate Mitchell— Montgomery afterwards killed Brown near Maquoketa. " 
This Brown's father-in-law, Dr. Rodes, had entered from under Montgom- 
ery, contrary to tlie Old Settler's claim laws, a parcel of land held as a claim 
by Montgomery, who during an alLeration over it in wiiicn history says 
Bro^n used iiard and insulting language toward Montgomery, he raised his 
rifle and shot Brown. 

As to the stealing of Brigiiam's horses and the finding of them in 
Brown's stable, it can't be proven by the same writer's previous account of 
the affair as found under ttie title of "A Sheriff Foiled." His account of 
that affair condenced to save space is this. One, Godfrey, was seen by the 
sheriff entering Beilevue witli a span of nice liorses the sheriif thinking God- 
frey had stolen them placed him under arrest and took him to W. W. Brown 
(Brown was a matjistrate at tfiat time), who after iiearing Ciodfrev's claim 
of purchasing them in Missouri told Godfrey he w;is lying and remarked to 
the slierilT that there was no doubt the liorses were sfolen and advised tlie 
striking of hand bills describing the horses which was done. Brown assisted 
in their distribution. The horses were placed in Brown's care, who became 
surety for them and Godfrey's whereabouts. In about five days a man by the 
name of Jenkins came to Beilevue. seen the sherilf telling him he had a 
span of horses sfolen. lie described the horess, told the sheriiV the bay horse 
had a scar on the inside of the right leg just belo.v the Hank and the si^ rel 
mare had a slit In the left ear and if not so marked they were not his. The 
sherilV went with him to Brown's stable and the horses were found as Jenk- 
ins described them and were given up to him. .Icnknis theti asked to be 
shown the man, declaring he would lix him so he Wv)uld not steal any more 
horses, the sherllV hesitattd. iirown showed him Godfrey, wlio was pilinjf 



72 



wood near the river bank. On seeing Brown and Jenkins approaching God- 
frey became suspicious and started to run over the ice toward the island and 
Jenkins after him shooting at Godfrey as he went. At the third shot Godfrey 
screamed and fell, but sprang up and ran on and Jenkins returned. There is 
no account that Godfrey was ever seen again. Jinkins took the horses giv- 
en up to him and departed for his home on Rock Kiver, 111., so Warren 
said, and he also said Brown's actions in this case won him many friends, 
who v/ere convinced he had been persecuted and was not the villain he had 
been represented to be. As we have previously stated, just after the caucus 
had been held and Brown's majority of two to one had opened Cox's eyes 
to Brown's villainy and true character. Brigham, a friend of Cox. was 
looking for the stolen horses also and gave a minute description of these 
same horses, which was not "found by him in Brown's stable" bv any 
means, but had been given up by the sheriff as we have before shown. By 
the sheriff's account Brigham had to leave town between sunset and sunrise 
and there is nothing to show any move was made to bring Jinkins to ac- 
count or that Brigham ever went to Rock River to look for his horses and if 
Jinkins and those horses yet live tl:iey may be bosom friends and "epluribus 
unum." 

If our historian's statement as to Brown and his men sending James 
Thompson and Abslom Montgomery to assassinate James C. Mitchel, who 
turned the tables and killed Thompson, is placed side by side with liis pre- 
vious account under the title, "Killing of James Thompson," the two ac- 
counts will be found to differ very much. In the general write up of the 
killing of Thompson, while a part of the people were attending a ball, to 
which, by Mitciiel's influence none of Brown's tribe siiould be allowed to 
attend, Thompson and some of his confederates robbed MitcheTs house 
and Thompson tried to violate the person of Miss Hadley, wlio was alone 
in Mitchel's fiouse. She broke away and fled to the ball room. After the 
afl'air become understood Mitchel borrowed a pistol and started out to 
.search for Thompson. Thompson had returned to Brown's saloon and till- 
ing up with whiskey declared his intentions of going out to find Mitch.ell 
and kill him. Instead of Brown and his men sending liim, according to 
Warren's other account, they tried to persuade him from going, telling him 
one or the other would likely be killed and perhaps both and he had better 
leave town, but to no purpose. Thompson was crazed with drink and started 
out with a pistol in one hand and a bowie knife in the other, meeting 
Montgomery on the street Thompson told him what had happened and that 
Mitchell would surely be looking for him and if lie (Montgomery) wanted to 
see fun to come on. Montgomery tried to prevail upon him to go back and 
keep out of sight. At this moment Mitciiel was seen comhig down the 
street and Ttiompson started to-Mlt him followed by Montgomery, who 
cajled to Mitchel to look out. Mitchell and Thompson advanced toward 
eacii other and Thompson snapped his pistol at Mitchel's breast, but it f. tiled 
logo oil. whereupon Mitchel shot Thompson through tlie heart killinff 
him instantly and then returned to ttie ball room. (If Montgomery had 
been "sent witii Thompsoti to as.sas.<inate Mitchel," he had the opportuni- 
ty after Mitchel's pistol was empty), whereupon, ils the writings of War- 



173 



ren state, Montgomery hunted up tlie sheriff and told him what had hap. 
pened and Warren says he and Montgomery were the tirst ones to reach the 
corpse. There is no place in this account of Warren's that charges Mont- 
gomery with having anything to do with killing Mitchel or being with 
any of Thompson's friends that night. So far as Montgomery is concerned 
it is well that much can be said in his favor, for according to the universal 
verdict, he was of little principle. He was well known in these parts 
where Maquoketa now is. 

It is not our present intent to give detailed account of that night of 
horrors, when Thompson was killed and his friends besieged Mitchel and 
his friends in the chamber of the dance hail, as Warren has told us, (with- 
out any contlicting testimony ) how cursing and swearing they threatened 
to burn the house with Mitchel and his friends in it and was pacitied by 
the sheriff, when he told them he would answer for Mitchell's forthcoming 
in the morning and would see he was dealt witii according to law. Th6y 
told the sheritf if Mitchel w^as not forthcoming they would hold him (War- 
ren) responsible for it and departed, leaving Mitchel in tlie sherilf's care. 
Brown afterwards came to Warren and told him he had better place a heavy 
guard over Mitchel as the boys were drinking a good deal and no telling 
what might happen, but the night passed olf without any further trouble 
and the next morning a coroner's jury passed a verdict that Thompson came 
to his death by a pistol shot tired by James C. Mitchel. Brown and his 
men were all there and the citizens were addressed by Wm. Morden, who 
Warren says was respected by all and sliared the friendship of Brown to that 
extent that what Morden said was law with Brown. INIorden condemned 
any show of mob law and advocated letting the law deal with Mitchell. 
Accordingly he was ironed and placed under guard. Warren says, while 
Morden was addressing the people in favor of the civil law and against the 
evil influence of mob law he was cheered by both sides. Morden should have 
been there and addressed Cox, Harrintgon and others, after Brown was kill- 
ed if he could command the attention of such "desperadoes" as Brown and 
his men. We are neither for nor against. For no man who the evidence 
condemns or against any man entitled to the benetit of the doubt, but am 
now writing to show where history contradicts itself. In the reply to "Old 
Settler" we again find the following paragraph speaking of the attack on 
Brown's house. "We immediately marched toward Brown's house, but be- 
fore reaching it, one of ray men, Henderson Palmer, was siiot down by a 
volley tired from the windows of tiie upper story of Brown's house. An or- 
der to charge was given when a general engagement took place. Brown's 
friends outside lied as soon as they realized there was peril ahead of them 
and deserted their friend and chieftain in the hour of liis need and nanger. " 
The other version of our iiistorian as given under the title of "tlie assault 
on Brown's hotel" is in part as follows: "Our squad moved in double tile 
and not a word was spoken unt il we came within thirty rods of tlie house 
when the word "charge" was given and iti a second the whole squad was as 
close to the house as t,hey could get." (We thought it was said Talmer was 
killed before the word charge was given.) "Brown was standing aliout the 
center of the room with liis rille raised to his slioulder, Col. Oox and myself 



both with our pistols presented at his breast and said "surrender Brown and 
you shaut be liurt. " He lowered his gun, no doubt with the intention of 
surrendering, but it went olT, the ball passing through Col. Cox's coat, the 
crack of Brown's rifle was no doubt a signal to the balance of Brown's men, 
as a general tiring commenced by them up stairs.'" (We thought he claimed 
it commenced before the posse charged.) "Before Brown could speak several 
shots was tired into the house in the north windows, one of which passed 
througli botli of Brown's jugular veins, he fell and died without a strangle. 
The general tight was kept up for about fifteen minutes, those of Brown's 
men down stairs fought with perfect desperation." We tiiought he said 
they had forsaken their chief in his hour of need, but as tliere is no account 
in his write up of more than six escaping and that after Brown was killed 
and the house tired, (afterward extinguished) Brown couldn't tiave needed 
them any longer. 

And yet again, we find in the historian's reply to "Old Settler," who he 
brands as a "viper" and charges with helping to kill Davenport, the follow- 
ing: "Tlie time of serving the warrant of arrest on Brown and his twenty- 
seven fol'owers, " (the warrant read according to a previous statement of 
Warren's, Wm. Brown, \Vm. Fox, Aaron Lang and twenty others) -"was the 
first day of April, 1840. Brown had been informed of the day tixed for his 
arrest and had speedilv assejabled his men and sympathizers together at his 
house, where he armed and arranged them for the tight. lie fortified his 
premises and unfolded a red flag on which was insoribed "victory or death. " 
In another place the same writer savs. "it so exasperated Brown's men they 
placed a red flag in front of his house on which was inscribed the ominous 
sign "victory or death" In one it was Brown himself who displayed the 
flag and in the other his men, who "placed it before his house." We do 
not charge our historian with intentionally tangling things up for in his 
dreams he might have forgotten what he had dreamed before. 

The write up of the Bellevue War and the cause ihat led up to it, as 
published in the 1870 history of Jackson County, n(;t only contradicts itself 
in these and otlier particulars, but is not in accord with the docket of Jack- 
son County. Our historian's writings make mucli adieu about the criminal 
proceedings of the so-called desperadoes with iUown, Fox, Long, Thompson 
and others as ring leaders and that it was an utter impossibility to convict 
them on account of their always Ijeing able to prove an alibi. We must take 
it according to that statement, that they had been indicted at least several 
times and it is strange the docUets of the courts iield bewteen IbJS and ISiO 
—the time of the l^ellevue war- does not show it. If it shows whore W. W. 
Brown, the claimed chief of the clan and Wm. Fox. the claimed cliief. one 
among the "outlaws" was indicted for any cnuio in .lackson C'ounty, we 
overlooked it in our searon of the reconl. iIu»m'. who are familiar with the 
docket tells me on iiKuiirv. no such can bo fiMiiui and that there is no civil 
suit for debts, and what is true ot iIkmu is a!>o true of manv others who 
helped defend Brown against sii-c.'.ilcd nIktIiI'^ posse. As wo aforesaid 
it is "strai^ge" inasmuch as J. i\. Mo.vs. one of tiie posse, was a justice. 
W. A. Warren sherilV and lladlov di i)uly shonil, also nioinliers of the poss»\ 
and to aid thoin in th<>ir suiu'oit ot iho law ihoio was Col. Co\, llondorson 



Palmer, James C. Mitchell, Anson Harrington and Hadley, who according 
to our historian were embittered against Brown and some of his men and 
had to aid them indetecting'the.crimes of the "outlaws." Lyman Wells, 
who Warren says had been one of Brown's gang and still professed to be, 
acted as a spy for the ferreting out of the "outlaws" doings. 

We are not putting up any defense of Wm. Fox or any of tiie rest of 
them only so far as history seems to demand. It is claimed Fox, a little 
over five years after he was whipped with the rest and driven out, helped to 
kill Col. (ieorge Davenport, but so far as we can learn he was only arrested 
on suspicion and escaped from the officers and never was rearrested, though 
it was afterwards known he was living in the east, Indiana, we believe. We 
do know though, (if we can believe Warren) that after he was whipped he 
came back into the island and sent for the sherill and begged him to go and 
bring \nm $400 he had given Mrs. Brown for safe keeping when he would 
leave the country and never return. The sheritf done so and >[rs. Brown 
asked the sherilf (Warren) to also take him a suit of good clothes he had 
there and put up something to eat for him, all for which he was very 
thankful. This is one of the few cases where such a "desperado" has saved 
UD $400 and had tlie sympathy of sucii a good woman as Warren tells us Mrs. 
Brown was, wlio must have known something of Fox's character. We also 
fail to learn of anything on ttie crimnal docket against "Old Man" Burtis, 
who was killed by the so-callea posse, or his son, James L. Burtis, who, we 
believe, was whipped by Cox's men and in later years built and run the 
Burtis house, the best equiuped and most popular hotel west of Chicago in 
those days, of which can be found an extended description in the fifty year 
souvenir addition of the Davenport Democrat. Now these are some or the 
things the docket of Jackson County should show if the statements in the 
1879 history are true. As we said before, we miglit have overlooked them or 
been misinformed by those more familar with the records. But in was not 
at all hard to see different places wtiere such men as John Cox, Harris, (the 
man wlio issued the warrant for the wholesale arrest of Brown and his men) 
and James C. Mitchell and some others of that posse, or whatever you see tit 
to call it, had civil actions against them for debts, trespass and so forth. 

James C. Mitchell was indicted for manslaughter, in killing Tliompson, 
January 8th, 1840, (though if Warren's account of the allair is true, Mitch- 
ell ought to have been pensioned for the act) and was also indicted and con- 
victed for keeping a gambling liouse. and his name appears on the dockets 
at every term of court for yeai.s as defendant in matters svherein he was 
sued for debts. We do not allude to this out of partiality for anyone or 
impartiality t.oward anyone, only to raise the question why the dockets seem 
to be silent as to the doings of such men as Brown. Fox, the lUirtises and 
others were claimed to have been, while tl>ey show charges against mem- 
bers, who are claimed by Warren's writnigs to have been pillars of the law. 
We have not been itilluenced in these writings bv anyone, but have l)een led 
by a desire to clear up some of the suspicion that in former years at least, 
clung to "Old Sett ler" and others, arid write a little nistory as hi.siory 
seems in the light, of our researches to have been made. We u-sod to hv 
prejudiced against Blown and tho.se who sympatlii/ed with him. but w«' n ;ul 



! 




76 



Warren's historical account. Read and reread it and at every reading liad 
our opinion still more changed until we concluded to go on a still hunt 
among pioneers, written history and court dockets to either confirm or 
weaken our change of opinion. It "has taken us some time to make up our 
mind to place this matter, as we see it and believe we iind it, on paper. 
We knew it would be so radically diU'erent to the popular version that the 
"bees might swarm." There are many living who are descended from some 
of those men we may seem to condemn, although we only mean to do so as 
far as the evidence appears to me to warrant, and. if they can show where in 
we error, they owe it to history and the memory of friends to make what 
they can prove a matter of history by contributing it to the Jackson County 
Historical Society for publication by the Sentinel, which has the contract to 
place it in pamphlet form. With all honor for Harvey Ueid, our friend, 
who has done so much valuable work in collecting the life's history of Col. 
Cox and he, James Ellis, Geo. Mitchell and others who were instrumental 
in moving and marking the grave of Col. Cox, I will give this to the public 
and all who want to criticize. 



Another Old Pioneer Gives Somethihg of Interest. 

/Written by J. W, Ellis for the Jackson Uouniy Historical Society.) 

The article by Farmer Buckhorn. "Recollections of S. Burleson," has 
again brought up for discussion, thought and inquiry, the greatest tragedy 
in the history of Jackson county— the Bellevue war as Colonel \V. A» War- 
ren designated it, and the Bellevue mob as others designated it. The writ- 
er gave his versions of tliat tragedy and tlie causes leading ud to it in li^OT. 
At that time there were persons living who had been eye witnesses of tlie 
tragedy of April 1st, 1840, in Bellevue. But 1 doubt if there is now any- 
where, any one living, wlio participated in or witnessed the events of the 
dark and bloody days in the tiien county seat of Jackson county. From ^ 
my earliest recollections I have been accustomed to hear people say that 
such and such people had been suspicioned of being in sympathy witti 
Brown and his gang. When I grew older I sought all the light I could get 
on the unwritten as well as written history of tiie early days in tiie county 
in the territorial days: From the researches I have made and from tlie in- 
formation received direct from those who lived amid the stirring scenes 
enacted in those early days. I feel that I have a better knosvledge of tlie 
true state of aQairs in the county and especially in Bellevue. than any ot ti- 
er person now living, but a large share of space has l)een taken up in our 
annals by Mr. Seeley in his vindication of his old friend and neighbor S. 
Burleson and in refuting the charges implied by the historians of 1879. 
I will only present at this time a sketcli dictated to me in 1897 by Joseph 
Henry an eye witness of tiie conflict of April 1st, 1840. and with it two let- 
ters written to Governor Lucas immediatelv after the Bellevue war or mob, 
which will indicate to the students of history (]uite clearly that tlie victors 
ou tliat occasion were not universally liailed as heroes. 

JOE henky's stoky. 

Last Saturday morning Mr. J. E. (Joodenow entered our otTice accom- 
panied by a very aged man whom he introduced as Joseph Henry, a man 
who had lived in the vicinity of Maquoketa before Maquoketa was thought 
of. The writer knew something of .loe llenrv awav back in the early «lavs, 
but supposed that he had long ;u:o joirud the great rnajoritv of the .lackson 
County rioneers on the other shore. The old ^cJiMenian spent the lonMi-nui 
with us, and gave us a brief outline of his Instory so far as it was connecled 
witli this county. 



{) 



.1 HI": 



I' 



He came to Bellevue in 1835. worked at the carpenter trade for a time, 
then got a claim on the Maquoketa river where Higginsport is; this he trad- 
ed for a claim in the forks of the Maquoketa intending to build a saw mill 
on it, and partly built the frame for one on the branch that runs through 
Ilurstville. In some way he lost this claim; he then took up a claim which 
was aiterwards known as tlie Lyman Bates farm, now owned by M. E. Fin- 
ton, and built a saw mill on Mill Creek, some 80 rods above where McCloy's 
mill was afterwards built; this was in 1837, the mill was comoleted in the 
fall. On the tirst day of January, 1838, it began to rain, and a great Hood 
came and swept away the products of all his labor and savings and left him 
without a dollar, lie says: "In a few days after the Hood George Clausen 
came down from Dubuque and bought a yoKe of cattle to butcher and stay- 
ed a night with me. I got him to let me help iiim drive the cattle to Du- 
buque, and he paid me $1.50 for it. and kept me over night. A man by the 
name of Ilapgood owed me ten dollars. I went to a Mr. Downs to enquire 
for him, told him my situation, what I had and where I was from. lie 
gave me his hand and said, 'Henry, I know you, everybody that comes 
from that country stops with you and speaks well of you. now just make 
yourself at liome. you are welcome to all you can eat and drink.' While I 
was in Dubuque an agent came up from Davenport to get voters to go to 
Davenport to vote for tb.e county scat for that place. He ottered to pay my 
fare to Davenport and back and board me. He tinaJly made a bargain with 
me to give me a dollar and fifty cents a day to help him get a crowd to go 
with liim. We got three sled loads of men from Dubuque, stopped at 
Bellevue and got two sled loads there. On leaving Bellevue each sled con- 
tained a big jug full of whiskey. 

The weather was extremeiy cold and nearly all were frostbitten before 
we got to Davenoort. This was in January. Wlien we got to Davenport the 
doors were all open and everything was free. James Campton, of Dubuque, 
was captain of our company, and on a wager of $20 lie drank 100 glasses of 
whiskey, ate the peppers and drank the sauce of two bottles of pepper sauce 
in one day, helping to dress beeves the same day, was sober at night, and 
won the bet. After the election we were returned. 1 stopped at Bellevue 
where I made my home with Charlie Bilto, and worked at the carpenter 
trade, taking such pay as I could get; there was no money in the country. I 
was elected constable beating Jim Ilanby two to one. The country at that 
time was overrun with horse thieves and counterfeiters. W. W. Brown was 
the most prominent man in the county at that time: he kept a public house 
in Bellevue, run a butcher shop, a general store and a wood yard, employ- 
ing a great many mer»; he was successful in business and was good to the 
poor, as was his amiable wife, and iie was generally considered thp most 
useful and best citizen in the place. Travelers said that Brown set the l)est 
table from there to New Orleans. Brown was never known to pass counter- 
feit money to his customers, he always said if any one got i)ad money at his 
iiouse he would make it good, there were other men in business in Bellevue 
who were less successful and could not compete with Blown, and were 
very jealous and claimeii tli;it r.rovvn was getting rich loo fast.. J. K. .Moss 
and the Sublets were the loudest in their denunciation of Biown's methods 



of doing business, and he to retaliate, bous^ht up ttieir paper where ever he i 
could and made them trouble; this made matters worse. Brown continued j 
to prosper in business and his enemies openly accused him of being the lead- j 
er of all the outlaws in the country. j 

On the 8th of January. 1840, war was almost precipitated and' barely ' 
averted by the killing of James Thompson by James Mitchell. Mitchell 
and his brother had been having trouble over partnership business. Jim 
had retained a trunk full of clothing that belonged to his brother's wife and 
would not give it up. On the night in question, while Jim was at a ball at 
the new hotel, his brother got James Burtis and James Thompson to go 
with a team and get the trunk. Jim and Thompson had been having trou- 
ble and threatened each otiier; when Jim heard of the visit to his liouse, he 
got a gun and set out to tino Thompson, whom he soon ri^et in company 
with Ab Montgomery. Thompson was very drunk. Thompson and Mitcliell 
approached within striking distance of each other and leveled their guns at 
each other; Tliompson's gun failed to go olT. and t!ie bullet from Mitchell's 
gun passed through Thompson's heart killing him Immediately. The 
wildest excitement was created by this incident, as the two men represent- 
ed the two factions, and the breacn between the factions was considerably 
widened and both sides went armed at all times. 

Id March a warrant was procured from a justice of the peace named 
Harris, near Fulton, for the arrest of Brown and J]is friends. As constable 
and deputy sherilf I called upon Brown and tried to arrange matters peace- 
fully. Brown said he was willing to go before any tribunal and defend him- i 
self against the charges and was willing to give bonds for the appearance of j 
the men named witii him in the warrant, but would not advise the men | 
to surrender to a mob. He also said if his enemies were so anxious to get j 
rid of him. he would submit the matter to three appraisers to be selected I 
from outside the county, he to select one, his enemies one, and the two to j 
select a tliird, and he would take two-thirds the appraised value of his prop- 
erty. 

On the fatal tirst day of April, 1840, the so-called citizens committee met 
at the store of J. K. Mo.ss, who kept among other things, tinware, large ' 
stock of cotl'ee pots which were tilled with whiskev on this occasion, and ■ 
freely circulated among the men, who soon became so drunk that they cv.uld 
not be lield in restraint; they swore they would go up and kill Brown them- 
selves. They were led by Col. Cox who was verv drunk himself. He tinnilv 
gave the word to march and they marched up to the Brown Hotel. As they 
came up }3rown stood in the front door, his gun pointed at (\)x. who also 
had his gun pointed at Brown, ('ox ordered Brown to grounci arms and 
Brown dropped his rille .^o the mu/./.le pointed to the ground nnd it wer^t 
olT. Cox was pu.shed out of 1 ho way by the men behind and Tom Siil)lefto 
and one of the men who Uept the ferry at the mouth of Tete (ics .>Iorts 
creek, whose name I have forgotten, sprang to the side window and tirod 
through it at r>rown who stot-d by liis vife just Inside the door, one of the 
balls striking liim in the temple and tlie other just below ttio oar kiliiti^i 
him instantly. I .stood in the street about, four rods from l>rown's hou>t». 
There were tour or live men with me who look no part in the tight , aim ng 



them were two men who had landed a log raft there' that morning. They 
had worked with me during the day to settle the trouble without a tight. 
Mr. Farley was also one of the party. He had come up to the mill and I 
told him there was going to be trouble, and had him put his pony in the 
stable with mine. With the report of the guns which killed Brown the 
firing became general. There was not more than ten men in the house with 
Brown wiien the tigiit commenced. There was one young man in the hotel 
whom Brown had befriended who had a claim near Believue, and he said 
'if Brown had to go he would go with him.' lie was an exemplary young 
man, and had not an enemy in the place and never drank nor gambled. 
When Brosvn was killed the tiouse was soon tilled with smoke, so that those 
inside could see nothing. This young man stepped out on tlie porch, sin- 
gled out his man and tired and turned to go inside again but a ball struck 
him and he fell on the porch, his head hanging oil. Mis groans and cries 
were pitiful to hear. I started once to go to iiim, but realizing ttie danger 
turned back. Mr. Farley was greatly ait'ected by the situation of tlie unfor- 
tunate young man, and Hnallv he said, 'T can't stand this any longer, " and 
went to tlie porch and bent over him to lift him up. Just as he stooped 
over a ball from one of the citizen's guns struck him and lie fell across the 
body of the man he was trying to succor, and neither of tliem spoke or mov- 
ed again. 

About this time those who were in the liouse broke oul at the rear and 
jumped over the fence by the privy which was riddled with bullets. Bill 
Fox was among this crowd, and was wounded in the side and captured. 
Tom Welcli, a boy who had been working for Brown, was shot through tlie 
side and fell, the pursuers passed him thinking him dead. Charlev ivilgrove 
on returning saw hiin move. 'Well, Tom,' he said, 'you are not dead yetV 
and put his pistol to his face and tired. Tom threw up liis hand and turned 
so the ball went tiirough his hand. Those two men were good friends that 
morning. When Kilgore had gone Tom struggled to a sitting position again 
wiien a Methodist exhoiter from Galena, who had worked in the stone quar- 
ries there, came up to Tom. He said, "yoii rascal, you are not dead yet,' 
and kicked iiim three times and passed on. Tom got to his feet and made 
his way to Kirkpatrick's place, which was near by. He asked Ivirkpatrick 
to protect him from Kilgore and others who were after him again, and War- 
ren coming up again, he and Kirkpatrick interfered in behalf of Tom and 
he was saved from death. We took him to Bilto's and I dressed his wounds. 

After the tight was over half a dozen men were dead and as many more 
severely wounded. The citizens who had remained in town and had not 
taken part in the light, wanted some one to go to I)ut)uque for docotrs. 1 
was prevailed upon to ^o. I ro«-ie or>n horse to Tete des Morts and pressed 
a liorse there and ran the horse all the way to Dubuque. I ttiink two noc- 
tors went down fiom there, and some went from (lalena. I staved over 
night in I)nl)ii(iue and when I returned the men who had been captured at 
Brown's house iiad l)een whippeii ami driven out of the country. The I'ox 
party who liad been victorious in tlie fight, were arrogant and abusive 
to all who had not sided in with them. 



—81 



1 worked there a while, then went to Davenport and worked at the car- 
penter trade. In abont eighteen months I returned to Bellevue, but there 
was nothing for me to do, so I Jei't town, going down the river on the 
steamer Nauvoo. Joseph Smith, the Mormon prophet, was on the boat, and 
there were two professional phrenologists aboard and they were exaraining 
heads for so much a head. Joe Smith told them he could tell them more 
about their dispositions and not touch their lieads than they could by exam- 
ining the heads, so the phrenologists examined several people, and then 
those same people went to where Smith lay on the deck and tie told their 
fortunes, as they called it then, without looking at tiiem, and they all de- 
cided in favor of Smith. 

The second summer after the Bellevue war, I was in Natchez. I had 
been sick, and was not able to work yet, and was sitting down on the levy 
one day, when who should turn up but Bill Fox. He seemed very much sur- 
prised to see me, and uneasy, but as tliere was no cnance to dodge lie came 
up and we had a long chat. He asked me how they felt toward him in Iowa, 
and if I thought they would allow him to come back here. I told him I 
thought if lie behaved himself he would not be molested. I never saw Fox 
again, and the next time 1 heard from him lie was implicated in the mur- 
der of Col. Davenport. I was well acquainted with Col. Davenport, who was 
a good man and good to the poor. 

I went back to Pennsylvania, rented a mil], got married, have lived in 
several diil'erent states, but my home is now in Benton, Butler county, 
Kansas. Tnis is my only visit to Iowa since 1841, and will be my last. Was 
88 years old last February, have been visiting old friends in the east and am 
on my way liome. 



LETTERS FROM GOV. LUCAS' FILES 

Dubuque, April 4th, 1S40. 
Dear Sir: I am under the painful necessity of informing you that Jack- 
son county in this territory is in a state of a complete disorganization. Tiie 
sheriff, judge of probate, and the celebrated Col. Cox on the tirst day of this 
month headed a mob at Bell view and attacked a peaceable citizen o'" that 
Dlace witli a view of driving him out of town. The result was that a most 
disgraceful fight took place, and as report says from six to nine lives were 
lost and several wounded. It is currently reported at tliis place and very 
generally believed that Warren, the sherilT, went about the county procuring 
the names of persons pledging themselves to support the Qiob, several davs 
previous to the day of the assembling of tbe mcxst infamous moh that ever 
was assembled in this or any ether country. The mob with their inl'anuuis 
leaders have since the killing been engaged in holding a citi/cns' court, as 
they call it, and tiav*; tried and pu?iisht'd several individuals. It is also un- 
derstood at this place tiiat this triumvirate compostui of Cox. Warren ar.d 
Moss, arc about to divide the property of Browrj who happened to be the 
special object of their vengeance, and wlio had considerable property. 



82 



Mitchell, the man who comroitted the murder last winter and wlio had 
been held in mock continement by this infamous sheriff, is now let loose 
rejoicing with the good and pious mob citizens at his freedom from all the 
restraints of regulated society, law and good order. A court, as you must 
be aware of under the existing laws of this Territory, is appointed to be 
held on the 13th instant at Bellevue. Since I have set down to write this 
letter I learn from two gentlemen who have just returned from the seat of 
war that the mob boast that they had all of the Grand Jury for the next 
court to act with them except Brown and that he was killed. It will be 
next to impossible if not utterly useless to hold a court in a community 
composed of such brutish beasts, when blood aiid murder is the order of 1 he 
day. In such a state of things you must be aware that those base and foul 
felons cannot be punished in their own county, I have therefore deemed ic 
a duty of mine to acquaint you with the facts and if you have any power 
vested in you as the Governor of this Territory to aid and assist the laws I 
hope you will exercise them in bringing to justice base and foul murderers 
and to wipe olf the disgraceful stigma th'at has evidently been thrown upon 
the people of this Territory by this most disgraceful tragedy. 

Yours in haste, J. V. BERRY. 

To his Excellency, Robert Lucas. (On outside of sheet. ) 

Captain Smith of steamboat Brazil will see this delivered and oblige. 



Dubuque, I. T., April 6, 1840. 

To His Excellency Robert Lucas, 

Sir: I regret to state to you that a more disgraceful affair hns never 
been recorded in the annals of history than that which 1 am al»out to relate. 
It occurred on the 1st ultimo at Bellevue. Jackson county, I. T. about seven 
miles below Galena. A mob collected calling themselves the people, headed 
by Warren, the sheritT, of the above named county, and Col. Cox (so-called) 
member of the legislature, Gen. McDonald and James K. Moss. 

The mob proceeded to the house of Mr. Brown (inn keeper) and inform- 
ed him through Warren, that he must leave the Territory immediately. 
Brown replied, that if he (Warren) had any legal demand against him, he 
was willing to go with him and lie tried, but that a mob could not take 
him. llosvever. they were not satisfied with this, and made a rush to cap- 
ture him and in trying to etlect their object, six persons were killed, and 
three wounded, one having since died!!! What the character of Mr. Brown 
was, I am unable to say. He wns certainly hospitable, and obliging to 
strangers and allectionate to his family, he was also industrious, which is 
certainly one good quality. His wife was of a reputable family and under- 
stood the duties of a hostess well. Hrown fell like a brave man. defending 
his wife and child from insults, and his property from the ravages of a reek- 
less and lawless mob. Mrs. Brown was ctniducted to this place by a gentle- 
man, at whose house she has, and will receive the most kind treatment. 

On Saturday evening last, the citl/ens of this place asseinbleil at the 
Bresbyterian church, (t ho' large it could not contain near all) to express 
their deep abhorance of the murderous conduct of the mob at r.ellevue. by 



—83 



strong resolutions, which will be published in the papers of this territory. 
The people at the meeting expressed their unanimous wish, that you would 
promptly remove from office Warren and McDonald. Our legislators will 
be instructed at the extra session to expel from their body Col. Cox, and we 
will endeavor to have J. K. Moss. removed forthwith from the office of post- 
master. 

I have just learned that the latter gentleman (or rather the man) holds 
the office of Judge of Probate, if so, he should be removed from that office 
also. I have just had a conversation with ■Sir. Petriken, who feels indig- 
nant at the outrage and thinks those villains, if possible, should be arrest- 
ed, and that there are two ways of having it done. First, that by removing 
Warren and having a new sheriff" appointed, thev could then be arrested. 
Secondly that your Excellency can command Gen. Lewis to raise the mili- 
tia and arrest them. Others think Chief Justice Mason is authorized to act 
in this matter, but all agree that your long experience m public business 
gives you tlie advantage of us all in knowing how to dispose of those per- 
sons, who have committed the most willful and premeditated murders, and 
have brought a stigma and a disgrace upon our young and beautiful Terri- 
tory that years cannot efface. 

Your obedient servant, 

JOHN KING, P. M. 

[Private.] 

When Brown was killed, Mitchell who assassinated Thompson last sum- 
mer in Bellevue. was immediately turned out of prison and is now walking 
the streets. Several in our village have strong suspicions that Mitchell brib- 
ed Warren to dispose of the only two witnesses who could convict him of 
the murder of Thompson. Those two witnesses were lirown and Montgom- 
ery. Brown is now dead and on Saturday last, a company started from the 
scene of action to "either drive Montgomery from this Territory or kill 
him." 

What the fate of Montgomery is, I have not learned but I fear the con- 
sequences. Circumstantial proof of what I have hinted at above, can I am 
told, be produced, but of tiiis we will say notiiing. Tiie day of reckoning is 
not far distant 1 trust with the instigators of tiie mob. J. K. 

Gov. L. Please excuse I svrite in a hurry. 



Executive Department Iowa Territory, 

Burlington, April 7th, LSiO. 
Sir: 1 received your letter of the 4th inst. l)y Captain Smith of the 
steamboat Brazil. I regret extremely to liear of the transactions in Jacksoti 
county detailed in your letter. It rellects a disgrace upon our Territory, 
and I trust that tlie persons who may be found ^^uilty of so great a violation 
of the laws of the Territory may ultimalelv receive the punishuient the lavr 
prescribes, but this is a subject, that is entirely under the control of the Ju- 
dicial l)ranch ot the government,. The law gives to the judiciary (he ptnver 
to enforce ol»iMii«Mice to its mandates by lines and penalties. 'I'hc Kxccutive 
'^rancli has no such power. Tlie Kxecutivo may issue his proclamation, Out 



he has no power to enforce it. He has neither funds, men, arms or ammun- 
ition under his control. The Jaw vests tlie Civil Ministerial ollice with the 
power of the county and the judiciary is vested witli power to impose tines 
and penalties for disobedience to their commands. However desirous I may 
be to check such outraf^eous proceedings, yet I see no way in which an exe- 
cutive interference could be of any beneiit. The duty is devolved upon y'ou, 
as district prosecutor, to bring the subject before the proper judicial tribun- 
al for investigation, which I trust will be promptly and eiiiciently done. 

The account of this disgraceful affair, as published in the Iowa Terri- - 
torial Gazette of the 4th instant,, differs materially from the one given in 
your letter. How far these accounts may be correct, 1 do not pretend to de 
cide but one thing is certain, that is that a most disgraceful outrage has 
been committed upon the laws of the county by somebody, and it becomes 
your duty as the legitimate prosecuting officer to have the subject impar- 
tially and legitimately investigated, and to cause the guilty persons, who- 
ever they may be, to be prosecuted and brought to justice. This should 
be done without prejudice or favor to any one, but with a single eye to the 
maintenance of the supremacy of the laws. With sincere respect, I am. 
Your obedient servant, ROBERT LUCAS. 

J. V. Berry, Esq., 
District Prosecutor 3rd Judicial District, Dubuque. 

Note.— These letters were furnislied the Jackson County Historical Soci- 
ety by the kindness of Dr. B. F. Shambaugh of the State Historical Socie- 
ty. They were discovered by Mr. John C. Parish of the Iowa State Univer- 
sity, who is writing a life of Gov. Lucas. 



The Bellevue War— A Review, qjlp p-^ 

(Written by Harvey Reld for the Jackson County Historical Society.) 

The interesting: details of events connected with what has always been 
known locally as the "Bellevue War," brought out by the researches of Mr. 
Seeley and Mr. Ellis have ^^reat value historically because as now viewed by 
scholars, history should be a record of facts, whether those facts accord 
with preconceived notions or not. 

It will be observed, however, that all the marshaled array of new evi- 
dence and argument only goes to siiow that good people were not agreed at 
the time, and are not now, as to the personal guilt of W. W. Brown. It 
may readily be conceded tliat Shade Burleson and Jo Henry, who knew iiim 
fairly well, and John E. Goodenow, Anson II. Wilson, Col. John King and 
J. V. Berry, who knew tiim casually or by hearsay, may have been convinc- 
ed to the last that Brown was an honorable citizen, who was not to blame 
for the character of those who made iiis public hotel a rendezvous. It may 
be conceded tliat Col. Cox, Siieritt' Warren, Judge Moss, Judge Harrington 
and tiieir confreres may possibly have been mistaken in their opinion that 
Brown was actually implicated in the criminal acts of those with whom he 
associated and whom he seemed in a large measure to control. Still the fact 
remains, testified to by both parties in tlie controversy, that Jackson Coun- 
ty was infested with a gang of criminals guilty of all kinds of crimes against 
property, and that the cyclone of wrath vvliich culminated in the bloody 
tragedy at Brown's hotel on the tirst of April, 1840, ellectually rid the coun- 
ty of their presence, and created a sentiment of detestation of malefactors 
that has its influence to this day. 

That tlie riddance was not accomplished by the orderly and lawful pro- 
ceedings planned and counseled by Judge T. S. Wilson and District Attor- 
ney James Crawford must be admitted. The sheriiT's posse became at once 
without tiie formalitv of organizing, as typical a Vigilance Committee, as 
ever were those which in California, and in northern Indiana, and in ott^er 
orimitive communities, protected society when the law was powerless to act. 
Our Jackson ('ounty vigilants dissolved as quickly as tliey assembled. Their 
one exhibition of power suiliced; no perpetuation of tiieir autliority became 
necessary or advisable. 

I have said that the short but desperate conflict whicii cost more in 
human lives than any other t)attlo wliich over occurred on Iowa soil since 
white settlement except the Spirit I/ike massacres, iias been universally 
known here as t he "P>ellevue War. " Noolherterm so well expresses t!ie 
cliaractcr wliich it assumed. 'I'he demon which enters mens' souls in the 
ardor of conllict must be reckoned with, and (len. Sherman's plirase cannot 
be denied. Let it be remembered too that a large proportion of those who 



8( 



formed Colonel Cox's posse had already seen service as enlisted soldiers in 
regular warfare. Cox himself had served at least sixteen years in Illinois 
militia rising: through all ranks from piivate to Colonel, during which in 
the war ol 1812, he had, as one of a company of scouts, led his command 
against savage foes in positions of the most extreme danger. Again in .the ] 
Black Hawk war, he had accepted service of equal peril although exempt by 
age from military enrollment. 

Among others of the posse was Col. James Collins who had commanded 
a regiment in the Black Hawk war which bore a leading part in the batiles 
of WisconsiD Heights and Bad Axe. He was afterward Colonel of an Illirjois 
regiment in the Mexican war, but the only time he was struck by a hostile ; 
bullet was in this short-lived "Bellevue War." He ended his military 
career as Brigadier General of California militia where he died in 1864. j 

Gen John G. McDonald had been a Lieutenant in General, (then Major) = 
Henry Dodge's Battalion of U. S. Mounted Rangers in which lie served a 
year. At the time of the Bellevue alfair he had recently (January 14, 1S40) 
been commissioned Brigadier (General of the First Brigade, Third Division, 
Iowa Territorial Militia, but the militia possessed then the merest sem- 
blance of an organization. : 

James L. Kirkpatrick had been First Lieutenant in Capt. Enoch Dun- * 
can's Galena company in the Black Hawk war, and his brother Rev. Joseph | 
Scott Kirkpatrick had been a private in Capt. James Craig's company. | 
Wm. A. Warren, William Jonas, Vincent K. Smith, who tired one of the } 
fatal shots that killed Brown, William Dyas, Thomas Graham, John D. | 
Bell, James McCabe, Hastings Sangridge, Enoch Nevill, Joshua Seamands, j 
all had served in the Black Hawk war. indeed I believe that every Black j 
Hawk war soldier then living in Jackson county was in Colonel Cox's com- 
mand at Bellevue except the brothers, Rev. Nathan and Jesse Said, of the 
forks of the Maquoketa, Charles Bilto then living at Bellevue and William ' 
L. Potts, who lived however over the line in Clinton county on Deep Creek, i 

Another of the posse was Capt. Len M. Hillyard who held a commission 
as captain of Co. '•!)," 1st Regiment, 1st Brigade, 3rd Division. Iowa Terri- 
torial Militia. This company soon afterwards perfected the most complete 
organization of any Jackson County militia company, and took the name of 
"Brush Creek Rangers." Thad. C. Seamands, who became a neighbor of 
Capt. Hillyard's in 1847, tells us tliat the captain had the handle of his 
tomaliawk shot through tliat he was carrying in his beit. 

Of the personal character ot W. W, l^iown we have signiticant testimony 
in a book written soon after 1817 by Edward Bonney, called "The Batidittil 
of the Prairies; A Tale of the Mississippi Valley." Bonney was a detective 
who ferreted out and caused the arrest of tliose concerned in the robbery j 
and murder of Col. George Davenport on Rock Island, July 4th. 184.'). He 
found that the guilty scoundrels were John and Aaron Long, William Fox, 
Robert Birch and John Baxter, with Granville Young and Grant and Wm. ( 
H. Redden as accessories. Of these. Fox, Aaron Long aFid Baxter were | 
among the Brown gang at; Bellevue. Fox was a lea(ier of what Bonney calls |. 
the Banditti. He was known among them as Judge b'ox, and Bonney toils ( 
of many alTairs of robbery in which he was engaged. 



,1' (I 



^87 



Bonney finally traced Fox to his father's home in Wayne county on the 
eastern border of Indiana, and by displaying some genuine unsigned bills of 
the Miner's Bank with which he had been provided, gained the confidence of 
Fox, as being a dealer in counterfeit money, l^onney details several conver- 
sations which he had with Fox, among which is the following: 

*'Did you ever get caught before you were arrested at Bowling Green?" 

*'Yes, I was at Beilevue in Iowa at the time the mob shot Brown. 
They arrested me at the same time but could prove little or nothing against 
me. So they tied me up to a tree and whipped me nearly to death and then 
let me go. Some of them may have to pay for it one of tliese days. I should 
not have been caught at Bowling Green if the boys had followed my advice. " 

•'Were you accquainted with Brown vvho was kiled ac Beilevue?" 

"Yes, my first horse was stolen under Brown's luslructions. " 

*'I presume that was not the last one." 

»']S^o, not by tifty." 

It is hardly conceivable that Bonney could have manufactured this bit 
of testimony, any more than it is that Warren, Harrington, Moss, Cox and 
their associates could have preceded to the extremities they did without a 
profound belief, at least, that Brown was the chief sinner in the coterie of 
criminals. 

The bias of Jo Henry may be partly explained by his being a rival of 
Jim Hanby, who seems to have been Warren's right hand man and deputy 
sheriff. He agrees that "the country at that time was overrun with horse 
thieves and counterfeiters." but could not admit that Brown was guilty of 
anything worse than prosperity. 

The hysterical letters of Col. King and Public Prosecutor Berry were 
written when they had no knowledge of the atTray except what was brought 
to Dubuque by Mrs. Brown and the friend who accompanied her. Governor 
Lucas in ins reply tells Berry that the account published in the Territorial 
Gazette differs materially from the one given in his letter. Berry was in- 
spired partly, it is evident, by personal hostility towards "tlie infamous 
sheriff'' Warren. That this feeling was reciprocal may be inferred from 
the fact that Warren consulted District Attorney Crawford on tlie visit of 
the Beilevue committee to Duljuque, rather than Public Prosecutor Berry. 

That tiie feelings of the Dubuciue gentlemen, as well as of Governor 
Luacs, underwent some modi tication very soon afterwards seems certain. 
Sheriff Warren and Probiite Judge Moss were not removed from office and 
the militia commission of Brig. Gen. McDonald was not revoked. Mr. Moss 
was not removed from the ollice of postmaster. The legislature met in ex 
tra session in July of that year. The .Journal does not sh(»w that any pro- 
posal was made to expel Colonel Cox from a seat in the House, but on the 
contrary, does show that lie received votes for speaker on three ballots. At 
the regular elect ion in August, he was reelected l)y the people of .lackson 
County to represent them in the Territorial House and wlien that body met 
in November his colleagues therein elected liim their s[ieuker without an- 
other candi(iate being named. And, in 1.S44, iie was cliosen President of the 
Territorial ('ouncil, the highest oHIce, except congressional delegate, which 
a resident of the Territory could attain by election. 



»1 >-<Vi:^ ,-.,5 



That we may further understand who were the "base and foul felons" 
who formed '*the most infamous mob that ever was assembed in this or any 
other country, " let us glean from history and from the memories of our coun- 
ty pioneers, somewhat of how tliey were regarded by their compeers. Gen. 
James Collins came into the atfair by accident, ilis wife was a sister of 
Colonel Cox. They lived at Wbite Uak Springs, Iowa (now Lafayette) coun- 
ty, Wisconsin Territory, and were on a visit to Mrs. Collin's mother then 
Jiving with her son, John \V. Cox, wiiose home was near the mouth of 
Brush Creek in Fairfield (or Jackson) townshio. Col. Collins' detestation 
of crime and his military instincts prompted him to join with his brothers- 
in-Jaw, Thomas and John Cox when the call came to go to Bellevue. The 
military ■ career of tliis gentleman has been mentioned, and his civil rec- 
ord was no less orominent. He had been a member of the House in tiie 
Wisconsin Territorial Legislature in 18:38, wlien it met in Burlington, 
and at this time he vvas a member of the Wisconsin Territorial Council, in 
which he served six sessions and became President of tiiat body in 1841. In 
1845 he was the Whig candidate for delegate to congress, but was defeated 
by Hon. Morgan L. Martin of Grean Hay. In 1862 and 18G3 he was a member 
of the General Assembly of California and in 18G3 was elected Treasurer of 
Nevada county, California. Thus the ' infamous mob'' coutainea within 
its ranks members of the law-making bodies of two different American 
commonwealths. 

Hon. John Foley, a participant, had been a member of the first legisla- 
ture of Wisconsin Territory, and in 1843 was elected to the Iowa Territorial 
House. He was also sheritf of Jackson County 1853 to 1855, and again in 1859 
to ]8G1. 

Capt. William A. Warren had been enrolling clerk for the Wisconsin 
Legislature which met at Burlington in 1838. He was appointed slieritf of 
Jackson County by Governor Ijucas in 1839 and held that oHice under suc- 
cessive territorial governors for seven vears. He was elected to tlie (Consti- 
tutional Convention of 1857 by the people of Jackson County. He was com- 
missioned by President Lincoln, as Caotain and assistant quartermaster U. 
S. volunteers in l>s'i2 and served in that responsible position for tiiree years, 
during which time lie handled millions of dollars wortli of government prop- 
erty. The writer remembers meeting him (without knowing, however, 
what state he was from) svhen he was depot quartermaster at the post of 
Murfreesboro, Tenn., a position of great responsibility. He was Justice of 
tlie Peace in Bellevue almost continually for over twenty-tive years. 

Hon. James K. Moss was at the time, as has been mentioned, postmast- 
er of Bellevue (appointed November 1, 183D) and Probate Judge of the 
county (1830-40). He then became clerk of the courts and in 1841. he vNas 
elected a member of the Territorial House of Representatives. 

Gen. John G. McDonald had held a commission from President Andrew 
Jackson as lieutenant of U. S. Mounted Rangers. He was doorkeeper of t he 
Iowa Territorial House for tlie s»>ssion of ls3i»-40, and was commissioned 
lirigadier Gener;il of militia by r^overnor Lucas at tlie close of tliat s»\s>ion. 
By an act of the same legislature \\v. w;is appointed one of the Cummlssion- 
ers to locate the coutity seat of Jones county. He was county survryt^r of 



89 



Jackson county 1839 to 1843 and also served as clerk of the courts (about 
1842) and as county recorder J842-45. In 1849, as deputy U. S. Surveyor, he 
had charge of the surveys of nine townships in Allamakee county. Gen. Mc- 
Donald was twice wounded in" the Bellevue tight. He was unable to go on 
the day previous with his neighbors, the Coxes and Nevilles, and, no horse 
being available, started early in the morning of the first of April on foot. 
He stopped at Butter worth's log cabin about eight o'clock and proceeded 
thence to Bellevue. He arrived when the tirinp: had begun, and was just in 
time to see one of Brown's men step out and level a gun at Colonel Cox. He 
leaped In front of the Colonel and received the ball in liis hip. Soon after 
he received a slight wound in the left wrist. (This information com.es from 
N. B. Butterworth of Andrew, and from Gen. McDonald's son. E. H. Mc- 
Donald, of Halstead, Kan ) The quality of his lieroism will be appreciated 
too, when we know that his honeymoon v^as scarcely over, his marriage to 
Margaret A. Hildreth, at Burlington, having taken place on January IGth, 
1840. 

Anson Harrington, who swore out the information by virtue of which 
the warrant was issued under wiiicii Sheriff Warren acted, was elected Pro- 
bate Judge at the election of 1S40 to succeed James K. Moss. An amend- 
ment by Congress to the Organic Act by which Iowa Territory was organiz- 
ed, was passed March 3rd, 1839. which authorized the territorial legislature 
to provide by law for the election of judges of probate, sherifls, justices of 
the peace and county surveyors which officers under the original act were 
appointed by the governor. The legislature of 1839-40 provided that the 
officers thus named should be elected by the people of each county at the 
general election of 1S40 This limited the term^ of Judge Moss, and lie was 
appointed at its expiration clerk of the courts by the district judge. (Clerks 
were not elected by the people for several years afterward, 1 think not under 
territorial government at all). Then Moss in 1841 was elected to the legis- 
lature and Jolin G. McDonald succeeded him as clerk. 

Lieut. James L. Kirkpatrick. the Black Hawk war soldier, was county 
coroner at the time, and in 1840 became one of tiie Board of Count v Com- 
missioners. Rev. J. S. Kirkpatrick was not engaged in the attack but 
was an undoubted sympathizer. He was appointed special sheriff at the 
term of court lield soon after the event and selected a new grand jury to in- 
vestigate the matter. He was elected to the Territorial ('ouncil at th.e elec- 
tion of 1840, and in 1844 was elected a member of the tirst constitutional 
Convention of Iowa. Col. Samuel W. Durtiam, who was a fellow member 
of that convention says of him in a recent address before the Linn county 
Historical Society at Cedar Kapids: 

"Rev. Scott Kirkpatrick. of Jackson county, an Illinolsian. was The 
largest and tallest and jolliest member and a good speaker." X. B. Hutter- 
vvorth says that he was about six feet four, and that he could perform the 
feat of lifting a barnM of lead mineral. Anson Wilson's interview published 
in these Annals mentions his engagement as 4th of July speaker in that 
summer of 1840. 

Hon. William MordiMi was not present on the lirst of April, as far as wf 
know.'buti ho liad advised and lielped plan tlie movement. lie was at that 



9( 



time one of the board of three County Commissioners and in 1844, became a \ 
colleague of Scott Kirkpatrick in the tirst Constitutional Convention. He 
was also in 1856 elected a member of the sixti) Iowa General Assembly. Geo. 
VVatkins, who was a participant, succeeded Morden as one of the County 
Commissioners in the election of 1840, and his son James VVatkins, also a par- 
ticipant, was sheriff of Jackson County from 1847 to 1853, and from 1855 to 
1857 and from 1861 to 1865. 

Dr. Enoch A. Wood, of Sabula, (then Charleston) was also one of the 
County Commissioners. He was not present, but in a letter written in 1879 
and published n the Jackson County History, he says: "I know of my per- 
sonal knowledge that they [Brown and his clan] were guilty of committing 
many crimes and misdemeanors and 1 justify the steps taken by the repre- 
sentative m.en of the county who drove them from our midst." John Howe 
was County Recorder at the time and John T. Snblett, County Treasurer, 
and both were participants— Sublett particularly active. 

Mr. Berry's letter says that it was reported that every one of the grand 
.jury summoned for the next term of court was acting with the "mob" 
except Brown and he was killed. This was probably very near the truth. ■ 
We can find the names of David A. Bates, H. G. Magoon, Thos. J. Parks, 
Tlios. Sublett, V. G. Smith, J. L. Kirkpatrick, John D. Bell, John Stick- 
ley, Nicholas Jefferson among those drawn upon juries about that time. 

Thus it appears that within the ranks or aiding and abetting this 
*'most infamous mob" of ''brutish beasts," were legislators present and pros- 
pective of two territories and two states, three who helped frame constitu- 
tions for Iowa, the probate judge, sheriff", recorder, treasurer, clerk of 
courts, surveyor and coroner of the county, with two of the county com- 
missioners advising and consenting, and nearly all of the panel of grand jur- 
ors.. There were also two militia olficers, one man who became probate 
judge, two who became sheriffs, a prospective recorder, clerk and county 
commissioner. Surely a body of men wlio did not need instruction from tl)c 
hysterical Berry, nor even from the honorable Col. John King, postmaster 
--and first chief justice of Dubuque county. I 

The brave men who lost their lives in their desperate effort to enforce ' 
obedience to the mandate of law, were all men of high character, respecla- : 
ble, honest, law-abiding cit/etis. Henderson Palmer and I think, John 
Brink, lived in Kelievue; John Maxwell, Andrew Farley and William 
Vaugiin were farmers. Tlie version given by Jo Henry of the part taken by 
Andrew Farley was a profound surprise, whei) published in 1M)7. to the peo- 
ple of the environment in which iie had lived. Tlie story of Capt. Warren 
(told from memory .^3 years after tiie event) that Mr. Farley appeared in 
answer to a summons, was never questioned by tiis family or the pioneers of 
the Deep Creek neighborhood. I am inclined to believe, however, tliat. as 
Henry's version implies, he was overtaken by Warren, while on his way so 
mill at Bellevue, and that he was unarmed, but that he impressed Warren i 
as being in entire sympathy with the movement. I regard It as doubtful 
whether the Deep Creek settlement was visited by eitl)er Cox or Warren, 
because fro!n what we kncnv of tlie character ana seniinuMits of Col. Wyc- 
koir, Samuel Carpenter, Lorin Sprague, David Swaney. Win. L. I'otts ami 



others of that settlement, I do not beJieve they would have allowed An- 
drew Farley to ro to Beilevue alone if they had known of the call. 

The desperate character of the conflict and the high grade of marksman- 
ship displayed by the squirrel hunters on both sides, is well shown by the 
large number of casualties, especially on the part of the assailants. They 
received nearly as many bullet wounds in all as the number of Brown's 
forces. The statement of tlenry that tiiere were no more than ten men 
with Brown in the hotel is manifestly an error. There were three killed 
and thirteen caotured, and Warren says that "Negro Brown and six others 
made their escape. " j 

Capt. Warren wrote at least three accounts of the Beilevue War. The first \ 
was published in 1805 in the "Loyal West"' bv Henry ITowe in Cincinnati. i 
Extracts from it are given in a paper by F. Snvder then editor of the Jack- i 
son Sentinel, printed in the Annals of lo.va for April, ISijfj. Anortier very j 
long account was published in the Beilevue Leader in 1875. and this is large- i 
ly quoted, and partly condensed by the compilers of tlie Jackson County Ills- j 
tory published in 1879. Then in the same history is printed a communica- 
tion from Capt. Warren written in the fall of 1879 in reply to one signed 
"Old Settler" of which Mr. Seeley makes mention. All of these were evi- 
dently written mainly from memory, and contain some discrepancies in de- 
tails as Farmer Buckhorn points out. ' 

We trust that this renewed discussion of that notable event in the his- 
tory of Iowa Territory may bring out more liglit upon its obscure details. 
The Jackson County Historical Society will be glad to receive communica- 
tions from any one knowing of facts regarding it. 



.. Notes— On farther investigation I find enrolled as soldiers in Galena 
companies during the Black Ilawk war, the names of Thomas Sublett. Wil- 
liam Vance, James Beaty and Jotin Stuckey, all ot whom are named by War- 
ren as participants in the attack on Brown's Hotel. William Vance was 
badly wounded, being shot in the thigh. 'I'hos. Sublett and Vincent Smitli 
are supposed to be the two whose bullets killed Brown, and it is a curious 
coincidence that they were comrades in Capt. Knoch Duncan's company of 
Colonel Henry Dodge's regiment in the Black Hawk war. J. L. Kirkpatrick 
was a lieutenant in tlie same company, John Foley a serge.int, and William 
Vance and William Jonas, privates. Anotiier private was Lorin^ Wheeler, 
afterwards an Iowa lawmaker from Dubuque and later from De Witt. 

My uuthoritj for the names of tiiose enrolled in the war is tiie "Record 
of the Services of Illinois Soldiers in the Black Hawk War," compiled by 
Adjutant General Isaac H. Elliott in iss'j. The book was secured by tiie 
Boardman Library recently from a second hand book store in Cliicago. 

Tlie Hon. Ebene/er Brigham. mentioned on p;ige iV.\ and again on page 
72 of Mr. Seeley's article, was a former Sangamon county friend and political 
associate of Colonel Cox. lie had removed to the load mines in 1>'J7. and at 
^lie time of liis visit to l^ellevue was a resident of I'.lue Mounds. I^atie coun- 
ty, Wisconsin Territory, and was a member of tlwi Wisconsin Territorial , 
Legislature. Capt. Warren was mistaken in supposing that Brigham and 



92 



Cox were in the legislature together. They were both territorial lawmakers 
but in different territories. The insinuation that Brigham "turned up at 
ths right moment" to help Cox "lix up political fences" is hardly consis- 
tent with the good Farmer Buckhorn's usual fairness. 

Warren, in writing from memory, must have been somewhat muddled on 
the date when the caucus was held in which Brown beat Cox out of the leg- 
islative nomination. It is hardly supposable that it was wiiile the river was 
frozen over, since the election would not take place until August. Then 
Buckhorn's conjecture (Bage 63) that the election occurred after Brown's 
death, does not accord with the. statements of both Warren, and the writer 
signing himself "A Pioneer," (supposed to be the late William Y. Earle), 
in the Jackson County Historv, who both say that Cox ran as an independent 
candidate against Brown and beat him badly. It is very much to be regret- 
ted that no records exist of the votes cast in Jackson county earlier 
than 1857. We would much like to know who were the opposing candidates 
and what their votes at all of those early elections. 

James C. Mitchell, the homicide, went to Council Bluffs at tlie time of 
the great California emigration in 1S49 and became ov^ner of two stores 
there, accumulating quite a fortune. We have tiie testimony of Warren's 
1865 account, and again of the one written in 1879, corroborated by the let- 
ter of "A Pioneer," and by the memory of N. B. Butterwortli, that Hen- 
derson Palmer was the tirst man killed in the tight; that he was shot down 
in the charge before the hotel was reached, and before Brown was sliot. 
Warren's 1875 history reads as thougli the episode of Brown being called 
upon to surrender opened the battle, but he makes no mention of how Pal- 
mer met his death, so we must conclude that tiring began fiom tlie liotel, as 
all of the other accounts state. 



-^93 



Early Post Offices in Jackson County. 

(Written for the Jackson Oouuty Historical Society by Harvey Reid.) 

Among matters pertaining to the welfare of their budding common- 
wealth, there was nothing that the members of the eariy territorial legisla- 
tures took greater interest in than the establishment of post offices and post 
routes by the General Government. So every member at some time during 
each session would press the adoption by the legislature of memorials to 
Congress asking the establishment of new post offices and new post routes. 
These requests would generally be consolidated into one memorial on each 
subject and woLild always pass. 

In a memorial adopted by tlie Second Territorial Assembly for the es- 
tablishment of post routes we find this clause: 

"From Charleston by Goodenoe's mills, hy Burliston's settlement, by 
Elk ford to the point on the Territorial road wtiere the said road crosses the 
Wabsepinica river and thence to the county seat of Linn county." 

But evidently tlie memorial was not granted so far as that particular 
route was concerned, for we find that at the next session, that of 1840-1, an- 
other memorial was adopted asking for post routes wliich included: 

'*From Savannah, Illinois, via Chaiieston and Goodenoe's mills and 
Burriston's settlement, to Edinburgh, the county seat of Jones county." 

Note the odd spelling of the names and that Maquoketa liad not yet be- 
come Springfield even. It was known as Goodenow's Mills, and Shade Burle- 
son had not started his Bucivhorn Tavern to give a name to his settlement. 

Another memorial in the Tliird Gciierai Assembly was for the establish- 
ment of new post offices, and one clause in that reads: 

"One on the military road in Jones county, where the said road crosses 
the Makoketa river, to be called the Makoketa post office and that VVm. 
Clarke be appointed postmaster.' 

The location tlius specitied would be near the north east corner of Jones 
county. Curiosity to kiio>v whether a postoffice in Iowa ever did l;ear 
the name of Makoketa, prompted the writer to address an inquiry to the 
post office department at Washington, through our good friend C'onurossman 
Dawson, asking as to that fact, and also for a list of the tiist postotVices in 
Jackson county. A prompt reply was received from lion. P. V. DeGraw, 4lh 
Asst. P. M. General, who says: 

*'VVe can tind no recoid of a post otVioe named Makoketa in Iowa, Jones 
county, neither can we locate the Mill lu)ck tiffice." 

Followng is the list of namos and dates givon, some of which are very 
surprising: 



Belleview, Jo Daviess Counfcy, Illinois, established March 17, 1836; John 
Bell, Postmaster. Office changed into Dubuque County, Wis., and changed 
into Jaciison County, Iowa, Nov. 1, 1839, James K. Moss., Postmaster. 

SiJsbee established April 11. 1840, Obadiah Sawtell, Postmaster. Name 
changed to Andrew, October 2G, 1811, Nathaniel Buttervvorth, Postmaster. 

Fulton established June 19, 1851; William Marden, Postmaster. 

Waterford established March 2, 1855. Fayette Mallard, Postmaster. 

Illgginsport established October 31, 1851; John G. Smith, Postmaster. 

Sterling established June 3, 1852; C. S. Ferguson, Postmaster. 

Springlield, Jackson County, established June 4, 1840, John E. Goode- 
now, Postmaster; J. B. Doane, July 2, 1841; J. E. Goodenow, Oct. 13, 1842; 
name changed to Maquoketa, March 13, 1844. 

Bridgeport, established May 1, 1850, II. S. Dyas, Postmaster; W. C. 
Grant, Oct. 30, 1851. 

It would be interesting to know where the ridiculous error was made 
of recording Belleview as in Jo Daviess county, Illinois, in 1836 And did 
anybody know before that Andrew was not established as a new postotTice, 
but was removed from Sawtell's, in Richland township, and its name changed 
from Silsbee to Andrew? Inqiiiry as to Charleston brought particulars of 
an office of that name in some other part of the state established in 1850, 
instead of old Charleston, now Sabula. Tne first postmaster of our Charles- 
ton was Wm. H. Brown, appointed in the latter part of 1836 or early in 1837. 
The name was changed to Sabula in 1846. 



- 



A. H. Wilson on the Bellevue War. 



rWritien by J. W. Ellis for the Jackson Oouuiy Historical Society.) 

Anson 11. Wilson, a pioneer of Maquoketa wlio came here in the spring 
of 1839 and the only person living who came here in the thirties, as a fulJ 
grown man, is still hale and hearty though past ninety and is full of remin- 
iscences of early days in the Maquoketa valley. In a conversation with him 
on the 23rd day of April, 1906, the writer asked him for his opinion of W. 
VV. Brown, the principial victim ot the Eellevue mob in April, 1840. Mr. 
Wilson said: "I knew Brown and nis wife, well, I stopped at their hotel 
frequently on my trips to and from Galena. I helped build several mills 
and frequenlty went to Galena for supplies. Brown v as a tine looking man, 
tall, well built, dark complected, of genial, pleasant manners, and a perfect 
gentleman in every way Mrs. Brown was a small woman of neat appe'^r- 
ance, with a winning way, that made her verv popular, and a suitable help- 
mate for her husband. Brown was an all round hustler, conducted the best 
hotel in the country, some said on the Mississippi river, had a wood yard, a 
general store, and was interested in a meal market. lie trusted everybody 
and gave everybody work that needed it. He employed a great many men 
to cut wood in the winter season, which he sold to the steamboat companies 
in the summer. I never heard that Brown was accused of committing any 
crime himself. The worst said about him was that he had a tough set of 
men about his hotel. I never knew of any one getting bad money at any 
of Brown's places of business. Brown always said if any one got bad money 
at his house or store he would make it good. 

••Some time in February or March, 1840, Col. Cox came through this 
part of the county trying to get the people to turn out and drive Brown and 
his gang, as he called them, our of the country, but he got no help from 
these parts." Mr. Wilson says he told Cox that he would have nothing to 
do with such an undertaking arid that he thouLjht Brown would be a fool to 
surrender to a mob. He said Cox threatened him that he might be the 
next victim after Brown, lie also thinks that the mob was quite largely 
made up of men from the lead mines near (iaiena. He says that Tom WeU-h, 
the young man miiiitioned by Joseph Henri who worked for Brown as stable 
boy, who was badly wounded in the light on the 1st of April, 1840, ami who 
Charley Kilgore tried to tinish by emptying all tlie Iniirels of liis pepper box 
pistol into Tom while standing over him, and was saved at the intercession 
of Warren aiul Kirkpatrick and sent to friends in tlie torUs. nru" afterwards 
lived with Mr. Wilson and uave him many iiart iculars of the conllK-i. 

Mr. Wilson says the talk al)out so much crime being C(tmiiiitteii in the 
county at that t ime was great ly exagKer.iteci 'IMioro were no tiorMVS stolon 



90- 



in this county, aod if Brown and his boarders were banded together to rob, 
steal horses, and pass counterfeit money they must have done their work in 
some other locaJity. Mr. Wilson was a warm friend to Col. Warren, but 
blamed him for tiis action in mobbing Brown, who considered Warren a true 
friend to him to the last. ^Ir. Wilson was quite familiar with the trials 
and troubles his neigtihor. Shade Jiurlesou, had in trying to settle tlie 
Brown estate, especially in his eil'orts to collect on notes and accounts. The 
probate judge had been Brown's worst enemy while living, and had been a 
leader in the mob that killed Brown, and nearly every man that was sued 
demanded a jury which was always largely composed of members of the mob 
and in every case a verdict was given for defendant. >rr. Wilson said, "I 
once asked Burleson why it was that he could not get a verdict against men 
of whom he lield their promissory note? Burleson's answer weis characteris- 
tic of tlie man. lie said, 'If you sue the devil and have the trial in hell 
what show have you got for a favorable verdict?' " 

Mr. Wilson says that the people of this side of the county were never 
friendly to Col. Cox. after the killing of Brown. That he never was invited 
nor attended any of the fourth of July celebrations or other public functions 
in this locality. He describes Col. Cox as being over C foot high, splendidly 
proportioned and alltogether one of the finest specimens of physical man- 
hood he ever met. Mr. Wilson said that when the capital was established 
at Iowa City through Col Cox's influence, a Mr. Ball of this county got a job 
of cutting the stone for ornamenting tlie new capitol, and his work was so 
well appreciated that Gov. Lncas secured him a job to work on an addition 
that was being built to the National capitol. The same Mr. Ball cut the 
stones to mark the graves of Mr. Wilson's first wife and daughter in Maquo- 
keta cemetery. 




1 



*/ .J:v:,, , 



Early i^ocal Misto 




An Estimate of William C. Boardman. 

(Written by Prof. D. A. Fletcher of Maquoketa, Iowa.) 

VirpiDia has been called "The mother of Presidents." In like manner 
New England, UiOre iionorably. may be said to be the toother of men; for no 
part of tlie world has ^^'iven birth to a higher type of man, in the best sense, 
than has New Kn^land. For business thrift and enterprise, and for a lii'-h. 
standard of morality and pract ical piety, no other country has sent ii^to the 
world in the past two hundred and tifty years, so large a proportion of the 
kind of men that make a nation substantial and truly great. 

Critics may sneer at th.e days of the Salem witchcraft and the land of 
wooden nutmegs and wooden clocks, but those nutmegs were a mytii, and 
those clocks and their successors of good brass, have been keeping time to 
the perfect satisfaction of their owners, not only over all America, but in 
all the contines of itie civilized world. We must not forget that tije cattie 
^of Lexington was fought on New England soil, and that the echoes of tliat 
bloody strife have ever since been rolling over some down-trodden peoplei 
^ and to-day are sounding wltii unabated solemnity in bureaucratic Russia. 

William C. Boardman, che founder of tlie Boardman Institute Library. 
<P in whose lienor we here meet, was born one iiundred and two \ears ago to- 
day in honorable New England. In every sense of the word he was a "chip 
of the old block." Had he been born tifty years sooner, and in Massa- 
chusetts instead of in Vermont, no doubt tie would have been at Lexington 
with his musket in his liand. He was of sturdy build, nearly six feet tall, 
endowed by nature with a gocd degree of iiealtii and strength and with his 
full share of Yankee diligence, thrift, and foresight. No one could truth- 
fully sa^' of liim that he ever asked for anytliing to wliich he was not en- 
titled; or that he was ever g jilty of a low or n^ean act ion, or that any stain 
ever rested on his honor. Tha': lie was the trusted employee and represent- 
ative in the West of the Fairbanks Scale Company of St. Johnsbury, Ver- 
mont, tl.en the pioneers and leadiiig manufacturers in the world of plat- 
form and other scales, and for more than a quarter of a century, speaks in 
the highest terms of Mr. Boardman's integrity, ihligence and honorable 
dealing. 

B'ifty years ago, come tiie latter pari, of April, this writer Iiad thohon:^r 
of coming to Maqnoketa with Mr. Boaramnii for the tirst time. V\e liist 
met by cliance at DcWitt. If the mud, throui^li winch our hack siowiy plow- 
ed its weary way, was ever deeper tlian it was ttiat day, a record should be 
made of it. Ma(|noketa was even thon a thrifty bur/; with ^reat evpocia- 
tions. and sometliin^ over tvvelve hundred iniiabit.ints A corps of railroad 
engineers made this their hradquarter.s, and V,uild;ngs for business and ro>i- 
denct'S were going np on everv part of the town plat. 



I ■ 

4 



Mr. Boardman was then and long had been a married man. ITis wife 
Mary Denton Boardman was here, and presided over his home with true 
New England "faculty," Whenever her name was mentioned by either of 
the pair, the Benton of it was made prominent. This was because tiie wife 
came of a Benton family, which on its native heath ranked amonjr tlie 
'•400" of tliat generatioD. Mrs. Boardman in inteilect was in no respect 
behind the best of her family. As between tier and her spouse, she was 
probably tlie ablest, and that could be said without in any manner derogat- 
ing anytlimg from Mr. Boardman as a man, in wiiat he uas or ouglit to be. 
Mrs. Benton Boardman was in fact, a magnificent specimen of a large, heal- 
thy, forcible and intellectual New England woman, gifted in every respect, 
except perhaps in striking personal beauty and except in having a family of 
children, of which she had none And yet Mrs Mary Benton iioardman was 
a great lover of children, and tlie children of the Sunday School all loved 
her. In lier last sickness slie mentioned a bottle of perfumery which one 
little member of her class had given her; a bottle she tiad never opened, for 
smells of such kind were not necessiry in thoso days for her entrance into 
the best society our city ailorded, a bottle which she had treasured as a 
keepsake for years. She had abundant time to carry out her plans, and she 
planned to instruct and delight the llock of little ones that crowded round 
her in tlie school, listening with open mouth to the words of wonder and of 
wisdom falling from her lips. 

Mrs. Boardman never forgot tlie annual ('hristmas tree, nor tlie interest 
of her class in that joyful event. It is mentioned in Grecian fable that the 
goddess Aphrodite was born from the foam of tlie sea, springit'g from the 
waves full grown and beautiful: and so without any fable at all. Mrs Board- 
man annually created legions of rabbits full gro^vn and with wondeifui pink 
eyes, from her supplies of cotton flannel, stulfed out to fatness, as rabbits 
ougrib to be, and white as snow; svliite like the rabbits in winter time of 
her dear New England forests, and not colored like the degenerate raCvi of 
rabbits that gnaw olT t he bark of our apple trees m winter in our western 
orchards. It was lovelv to see these rabbits disport ing. as it were, among 
the branches of the Christmas tree, and every member of the class had 
one, warrant el not to t)ite or gnaw anything. Mrs. Boardman died in l^TS 
at the age of sixty-eight years, a woman born to be a leader, and a leader 
in fact in the society in which she moved. 

For a few years after tiis settling in this citv. Mr. i^oardman continued 
in the business of selling and locating platform scales lie laid the founda- 
tion of a substantial addition to his fortune by uurcliasing in ls.'>5, over a 
thousand acres of wild land in western Iowa At that time the host of gov- 
ernment land could be bought for one dollar an acre. Me personally inspect- 
ed every forty of th.at latid, and with keen foresight knew the coming value 
of what he was buying. The death of his wife was indeed a sad l)io\v to 
the subject ot I his sketch. Nochildr. ii of Ids own ^lOAing up aronn<! 
him. he was in some respects a lonely man. He was nnw srvi>nt v- four viars 
of age. IVv the prudence of his business life he was beyond the nece^^sity of 
that active exertion that is a pleasure to tlio^c who are in their prime. He 
had been a consistent and valued member of the ( 'ongrrgt ional church, east 



and west, for half a century, aod liis interest in the welfaje of the cluirch 
to which lie belonged, spiritually and temporally, in no manner abated. In 
1878 his churcii in Maquoketa were engaged in rebuilding their place of 
worship They decided to have the windows of stained glass, but their 
funds admitted of the purchase of only the plainest kind. The windows 
came from the factory and Mr. Boardman saw them. He at once oilered to 
procure richer windows if the society would return Miose they had already 
purchased. His olfer was at once accepted, and to this generosity of Mr. 
Boardman we owe tiie windows, second to none in beauty in eastern Iowa, 
that adorn the building in which we are now gathered. 

Up to the same time tlie Congregational Society of Maquoketa owned no 
parsonage. Mr. Boardman was born and reared in a part of the country 
that believed in churches and that a parsonage was the proper adjunct of a 
church, and the one almost as necessary as tlie other. He purchased a prop- 
erty for $2100, and conveyed it to the society: and this he did, like his gift 
of the windows, with no thought of special publicity, with no thought of 
self glorification, but as a public service done for the public good, and a wise 
appropriation of the means with which God had blessed him in tlie service 
of his Master. 

The last public act of Mr. Boardman was his best one. I refer to his 
endowment of tfie J^oardman Institute Library. By his last will he set aside 
five thousand dollars, providing that if a corporation should be created for 
library purposes with a paid in capital ot live hundred dollars, it should re- 
ceive this endowment under sundry wise conditions for its perpetuation. 
Those conditions tiave been and are being faithifully complied with. Under 
arrangements made with the authorities of the city of Macjuoketa, which 
are to. continue for a long term of years, and I hope for ever, a library is be- 
ing built up with accretions from year to vear. destined to be of nothing 
but public benefit, tl^e limit of which no one can measure. The Pharaohs 
of ancient Egypt devoted the lives of countless thousands of unhappy serfs 
and millions of treasure to the erection of pyramids, which at the best were 
only piles of stone. We do not now know with certainty whether they were 
intended to be merely the tombs of those monarchs, or landmarks indicat- 
ing the points of the compass. They were of no valuable use and did not 
even liave the merit of furnishing paid emplovment to laborers out of work, 
for they were built by the labor of slaves. Military heroes, in all ages of 
the world, iiave sacriticed the lives of their sul)jects and of other uncounted 
millions to their thirst lor glory; and we who read of it, realize Ciearly that 
these sacrilices were only for base purposes, without the smallest element of 
good to anybody, and their authors are being rapidly consigned to the liml)0 
of the forgotten past, except as a warning to the uresent and coming gener- 
ations of the evil that n)en may do when their lives are not consecrated to 
higli and noble purpose. 

Ttie life and doings of William (' I'oaidman were of a nobler type. He 
was a diligent man in things and ways that were good only: tie was a pure 
man no one ever tieard a word f.all from his lips that might not spoken 
in any presence; he was an economical and saving man who leaiiu'd in his 
youth the lesson— often not learned— that one's expendil ui»!S should ik^i e\- 



ceed or even equal his income: he was a religious man, not warped by pre- 
judice or Mlled with bigotry, who profoundly realized and sliowed by his 
daily life that man was created for the high purpose that he should contri- 
bute with his powers and talents to the great work of making the world 
better, he was an honest man, and his worldly possessions were acquired in 
doing that which was of benerit to others, and in strong contrast to the ac- 
quisitions of many magnates of the present day whose wealth has grown out 
of the oppression and wronging of others. He honestly earned every dollar 
he had. 

Mr. Boardmao made no pretensions to being a learned man or to litera- 
ture. I am sure he never made a socalled speech in his life. He never 
wrote out even a humble essay, such as you are now listening to. It is not 
certain that lie ever inquired whetlier Shakspeare was an Irishman or ^ 
Frenchman: or that lie knew whettier the beautiful extract "The quality 
of mercy is not strained but cometh like a gentle dew from heaven," was 
written by Milton or ljurns; but tie well knew what was for him more im- 
portant and perhaps better. No one could with more eloquence of conviction 
explain the merits and value of Fairbanks platform scales than could he; 
no one was a higher past aiaster in the science and art of properly setting 
tiiose scales when once the eager customer had purchased them; and to 
crown all, when they were paid for, every cent of the purchase price that 
belonged to Faribanks & Company went as straight into their till as Uncle 
Samuel's mails could carry tlie money— an event that does not always liao- 
pen in tliese days. 

From what 1 liave said as to Mr. Boardman's critical knowledge in lit- 
erary matters, one must not think that he despised or under valued educa- 
tion. ; far from it. He gave a tiiousand dollars to the son of liis pastor, a 
worttiy graduate of our High School, to help him to a college eaucation. 
He was not only the owner of a siiare of stock in our pioneer library associa- 
tion, but lie and iiis family often drew out and read its books, and he paid 
for and iie believed in the editorials of Horace Greeley and the New York 
Tribune. 

The beneticence of Mr. Boardman in the founding of our library appeals 
to every young person especially, in our community, as an example of right 
doing. He Qiight have left that live tliousand dollars to relatives who did not 
need it; or he miglit have devoted it to a monument of bronze or marble: 
but he, as I think, wisely and nobly did otherwise, fie consecrated it large- 
ly to the improvement of our young people of the present and coming gener- 
ations, tliat reading what lias been said and of svhat has been done in the 
past by tlie wise and good and truly great, they may acquire strengtii to dis- 
charge those duties whicli a free republic and a kind providence has laid 
upon tlieir slioulders. (iod grant that they may see their opportunity and 
Drotit by it. 

William ('. Boardman died in >hi(]uoketa ne;irly twonty-two years ago. 
Tlie pupils in our public schools never saw liim, e.xceot in his speaking like- 
ness that iiangs on the walls of our free public library: and most of the citi- 
zens wlio now throng our streets have known him only by name. lUit in the 
endowment, of our library he erected to his honor that which will be more 



enduring than the pyramids— in its usefulness expanding as the ages come- 
that wliich will bear richest fruitage for tlie higher being of our people, as 
long as men shall aspire to and revere that wliich Is truly great in human 
character and conduct. 



A Sketch of the Founder of the Burn's Settlement in Otter 
Creek Township. Jackson County. 

(Written by Miss May me Slattery for the Jackson Oounty Historical Society ) 

ZwingJe, Iowa, March 24, 1906. 

Mr. Jas. Ellis, 

Maquoketa, Iowa. 

Dear Sir: 1 have been reading your account of early settlers in the 
Sentinel all winter and I think it is quite interesting, so thought I would 
send you these few items concerning Zacharia Burns, the founder of Burn's 
Settlement in Otter Creek townsghip, if you would have it printed, but you 
may have read his history in the .Jackson County History. I do not remem- 
ber if it is in it or not, however, these items are correct as he gave them 
himself, lie is living at present with his son-in-law, James Degan. in Hen- 
son, Nebr. , and is very well and has a very clear memory for a man eighty- 
eight years old. Yours and oblige, 

MISS MAYME SLATTERY. 

Zachariah Burns, the subject of this sketch, was horn March 1.5, 1818, 
in St. Charles, St. Charles county. Mo., living there until tlie fall of 1845 
when he and his brother, Uriah, came to Jackson county, Iowa, (an over- 
land trip) to see the country. They camped one night in Maquoketa in 
front of Goodenow's house. There were only two dwellings and a blacksmith 
shop there at that time. 

There was no wagon road from Maquoketa to Otter Creek, and had to 
follow a path through the timber of which there was a great deal and of 
good quality. lie and his broth.er intended putting up a sawmill on Otter 
Creek, so Zacharia left his brother there to get out the timber to build tlie 
mill and he went back to Missouri to bring his mother and rest of the family 
out. but the mill proved a failure as they could not get a dam that would 
hold, so in the spring of 1^46 they moved to Otter Creek township and 
bought tlie farm now owntd by Thos. Ryan, a short distance west of Otter 
Creek church, from the government paying the regular price of per 
acre. He lived on tliis farm until iss.i, when he sold it and moved to 
Adair county, Iowa, and bought another farm near Anita, his wife dying 
while they lived there in lss7. His mother died while they lived in Otter 
Creek do not know wh;it year. In Is!)'], he moved to Olvlahoma and lived 
thi3re one year, returfung to .\dair county, where he remained two years. 
His daughter, Marv, died t here in April, is'.is, after which he broke up 
housekeeping, sold his farm and has made Ins home with his daughters ever 
since, dividing liis t-iuie auu)ng ( iiem. They are IMiia. Mrs. Chas. .Martin 



9- 



of SlienaDdoah, la.; Ellen, Mrs. Jas. Degan of Bensou, Neb., with whom 
Mr. Burns resides at the present time and Angelina, Mrs. Jas Brock of 
CouDcil Bluffs. Mr. Burns has four sons also, Arthur of San Francicso, 
Cal. ; John and Eustus of Missouri, and Wm. of Oklahoma. 

Uriah farmed for a while in Otter Creek, sold out and removed fo San 
Francisco, Cal., where he died some years ago. There was another brother, 
Timothy, who kept store on a corner of Zacharia's farm. He removed to 
Texas where he died a short time ago. Zach, as he was familiarly called, 
is only survivor of the founders of Burns' Settlement, and is liale and 
hearty, and has a very clear memory despite his eighty-eight years and can 
relate quite a few interesting incidents of tiie eariy history and settlement 
of Jackson county. 




Reminiscences of Mrs. E. A. Turner. 



(Written by J. W, Ellis for Jackson County Historical Society.) 

After the hanging of Alex GrifFord by the Vigilance Committee, April 
11th, 1857, the Committee repaired to the house of Henry Jarret near Iron 
Hills, arrested Jarret with the intention of having him share the fate of 
Grlfford, whose confession had imphcated Jarret in the murder of Ingles on 
the 27th of March. Jarret protested his innocence so hard and plead so 
hard for a trial that it was tinally decided to taKe him before Elea/.er Mann, 
a justice of the peace, and give him a hearing, but it was intended to hang 
him just the same. During the trial of Jarret, the mob liad a tire in the 
front yard, and was passing the time as pleasantly as possible while waiting 
for the end of the farce, as they considered the hearing, f inally as night 
was approaching tlie squire decided that the evidence was sutlicient to hold 
Jarret to appear before the grand jury, but the question was liow to hold 
him, it was very evident that as soon as the squire was through with him 
the mob would take charge of him. It was tinally suggested that the otli- 
cers, John Sagers and Ambrose Jones, try to get Jarret out at the back of 
the house whicii stood near a ravine and smuggle him away from tlie mob. 
There was a back door wiiich was not generally used, and Mrs. E. A. Turn- 
er, who is still living and wiio was in the house at the time says, there was 
a disii cupboard standing against the door, and this was removed without 
attracting the attention of the mob, and the three men slipped out and into 
the hollow wliich concealed them for quite a distance from the house, but 
as they left the hollow to cross a ridge three men, Parker, Warner and Wag- 
oner, who were sitting on stumps some little distance from the liouse saw 
them and one of them cried out to give an alarm, but one of his companions 
ordered him to siiut up on pain of being knocked into a cocked hat. Hut 
the alarm was spread and the mob bounded out in pursuit like a pack of 
hounds and were about to overtake them when tfiey reached the Martin 
Ferry on the Nortli h'ork and the {)ursucd escaped by dropping over the l)ank 
where it was dark, sup[)orting tliemselves by holding on to the hank with 
their hands to keep an upright position. It was said that some of the mem- 
bers of tlie mob stood on the hands of the pursued who did not dare move 
for fear of disclosing their hiding place. The mob decided that the pursued 
had Kone to the other ferry and rushed on in that direction and as soon as 
they were gone the oilicers and their prisoner got a man to set them across 
the river and hastened on towards Heilevue as fast as possible, leaving An- 
drew to their right while the mob thinking the oilicers would take the pris- 
oner to Andrew went on to that place, not very hast ily as thev felt s'ue of 



4)i 



their prey, but not getting any trace of the parties at Andrew, hastened on 
towards Bellevue and some of them arrived in time to see Jarret taken on 
board of a steamboat which conveyed him to Fort Madison, where he was 
safe from pursuit. 

He was afterwards brought back to BeJlevue for trial but the excite- 
ment had died out and we beJieve there was no prosecution of his case at- 
tempted. Mrs. Turner says tliat her father John Mann, thougtit that he 
was very Jikely the innocent cause of the murder of Ingles. A few days be- 
fore the murder, Mr. Ingles employed John Mann to haul up some tire wood 
for him. Ingles went into the timber and cut down trees and trimmed 
them up in shape for Mann to drag them up with oxen. The svood liad to 
be hauled through a cleared field belong! ng to Dave McDonald, and when 
Mann came with the tirst load McDonald asked him who he was hauling the 
wood for, and on being told for Ingles, he was forbidden by McDonald to go 
across his land any more. Mann, however, plead with McDonald to let him 
go back and tell Ingles and haul one more load. McDonald consented for 
him to draw just one more load, but no more. Mann went back and told 
Ingles wiiat McDonald had said and that he could only tiaul one more load. 
Ingles was quite angry and said among other things that McDonald had bet- 
ter have a care or he would tell something on him that would drive liim out 
of the country quick. When Mr. John Mann was going home he met Eleaz- 
er Man and told him of his experience with the two men, and of the threat 
made by Ingles The story got out and it was believed that Grifford was in- 
duced to kill Ingles to prevent him from telling what he had threatened to 
tell. McDonald escaped from the country and never came back. 

Mrs. Turner was asked by members of the mob, wl)y stie did not warn 
them that the officers were spiriting Jarret away from tliem? She said the 
reason was that she liked the Jarret girls and would not for the world do 
anything to hurt them. Mrs. Turner's hubsand was present and witnessed 
the hanging of William P. Barger in Andrew by a mob in 1S5T, but had no 
part in it. He cut a limb from the tree at the time and carried liome with 
him and kept it for more than 40 years in a little box with iiis j^rivate pa- 
pers, said box never being opened by any one else until after his death. 
The relic is now in the writer's possession 

Mr. John S. Thompson was also present at the preliminary trial of Hen- 
ry Jarret, but only as a spectator.. He witnessed the escape of ttie consta- 
bles with their prisoner and the mad chase of tlie mob in their endeavor to 
re-capture and execute him. 

Benton, Kans., Dec. 20th, 1SS)T. 

J. W. Ellis, Es(i., 
Maquokcta, lovva. 

Dear Sir: 1 received yours dated I4th and 1 catu\ot recollect of any other 
letters from you. My folks received the papers all right and was pleased 
with t.heni, but would liave i)een better pleased if there had been more of 
them, respecting your 1'.') copies of oapers I would like to havotheru and alM» 
your book wlien it is done. I hope you will give my Ix-st resprots to Mr. and 
Mrs. .)ohn (loodenow, 1 would liko they could visit \uc in the i\t\ir future 



112 



that I could have tiie privilege of returniog some of their kindness to me 
while I was at their place. Give my respects to Mr. Teeple, I would like to I 
hear from him. The afternoon I left Mr. Teepie's place I was giving the j 
horse a pail of water when a stitch took me in the back which I am not j 
well of yet, but I sulfered no more in the buggy than I would in an easy j 
chair in the house. I stopped a few days in Cedar Eapids with my connec- j 
tion where I was well cared for. Stopped at Grand Junction next and stay- i 
I ed several days with Fletchjoy and his son, Henry, and others that were j 
\ neighbors in Illinois. Stopped four miles west of Jellcrson City with two j 

old friends and at Beatrice, Nebr., and on my way there I stopped at a j 
farm house over night with an old lady and her son and I am sorry that I did | 
not take their names and address, I learned from tiie lady what became of i 
Bill Fox, the man that helped kill Col. Davenport at Rock Island. She said ! 
that after Fox was taken prisoner he gave the posse that took him the slip j 
and went to No Man's Land, Indiana, and died tliere. With many thanks ! 
for your favors and best wishes for my old friends there, 

Kespectfullv, 

JOSEPH HENRI. 

The writer of the above, Joseph Henri, died at Eldorado, Kansas, Nov- I 
ember 18th, 1899, aged 90 years. ' J. W. E. j 

Mt. Vernon, Iowa, January 25th, 1904. | 
Mr. Harry LittelL j 
Dear Friend: In replying to your favor of the 17 inst, will give you , 
i, what I can think of that might possibly be of value to you. Father svas } 
born in Madison County, N. Y., in 1815; mother in Ashtabula County, Ohio, j 
j in tiie same year, wliere they were married in 1845. Tljey commenced life 
i for themselves in Wyoming County, N. Y., having purchased a timbered ', 

farm which he cleared olf. He sold out there and moved to Monmouth ; 
Township, Jackson County, Iowa, in the summer of 185.3, traveling as far j 
j as Rock ford, 111., by cars. He left his wife and three small boys at that j 

place and came to Iowa to purchase. He secured 440 acres of land, partly 1 
timber at $3.50 per acre. He then purchnsed a team of horses, one of Dr. [ 
Cook and one of P. Mitchell, merchant of Maquoketa, and rode one and led 
the other back to Rockford, where he completed the outfit for a trip over- 
land the rest of the way. He liad gone but a short distacue when owing to • 
the neckyoke breaking going down iiill, the wagon was over turned and all 
tlie family caught under the load of goods, except the mother, who was so 
; badly injured that it was necessary to carry her the rest of tlie way in a i 

\ sling bed suspended from the t)ows of a covered wagon. I 
j Mr. Watson found a hospitable neii^^hborhood and all the assistance need- 

ed was forthcoming. At that time tliere had nevor'been a school, Sundav 
i' school or religious meeting in the neighborhood and it was with some iliili- 
' culty that a school was started, as the people would vote it down, and it 
was only by getting the district, divided that a school was at last started. 
Another son was added to the family in 1855, all of whom grew to man- 
I l)ood . Reid, the older, died at the age of 2S, the remaining three arc still 
living, Edgar, Leslie and Eugene. Mr. Watson died in 1S^^9, his wife hav- 
ing preceded him by several years. L. C. Watson. 



i 



Imigration and Population Jackson County in 1850. 
More About Crime in That Day. 

It was in 1848 that a heavy imigration began to flow into Iowa, that 
continued uninterrupted for at Jeast ten years. And in 1S50 the population 
had already swelled to 193,000. And Jackson County in that census year was 
7210 and these principally made up of those who came in during the rush 
between the years 1848 and of 1858. Although there were a number who 
came much earlier. So early that the writer can liave no personal kno.vledge 
of the time of their arrival, except as they related to me after my arrival 
in 1850. But in those days there were no railroads west of Chicago and the 
emigrants come either by water down the Ol)io and up the Mississppi rivers 
on steamers, or overland by teams. Some of them used liorses, but for the 
most part oxen were used instead. 100 miles a week was about an average 
speed, and it often required 40 days or more to bring the emigrants to their 
destination, and there were many ditliculties to overcome along the way. 
There were many streams to be crossed, but not many bridges in tiiose ear- 
ly days. In some places tliere were ferry boats kept sutliclently laige to 
carry a loaded wagon and tean], but in other places on small streams the 
imigrant must either ford or swim; but it was very common for imigrants 
to go in gangs, sometimes 10 or more could be counted in one company and 
hardly without the precaution of having in the company a boat of sufficient 
capacity to carry at least a ton in weight. The boat was usually construct- 
ed so as to answer as a waijon bed and was about It) ft. long. But the crossing 
was always a tedious job. All the wagons necessarily had to be unloaded 
and ttie goods ferried over and the wagons taken apart and taken over 
piecemeal, and last of all the teams and cows were driven in, to make t^leir 
way over as best they could. And such a crossing wiien the train was large 
frequenty occuoied the greater nart of a day. The imigrants that came 
into Iowa between 184s and were largely from western Ponnsy 1 vannia. 
Ohio and Indiana and these were the years of Iowa's greatest boom. Hut 
the overland imigrant with all the dilliculty by tlie way, was not altogeth- 
er without) his pleasures. The novelties of outdoor life has its charms witli 
all its hardsliips. The experiences gained in making siiifts, teaches payable 
lessons for use in after life. Many of the early settlers of Iowa were of a 
migratory dispositioti, who started in early days from Pcnnsylvatna to Ohio 
and after a f.-w years stay they resumed their journey westward to Indiana, 
thence to Illinois and finally to Iowa, thus following the frontier. And 
often were at middle age or, over before tliev arrived in the promised land, 
as it was then freijuently called, but many of the sett lers who were coming 



—14 



in after 1840 had a disposition to dodge the eastern part of Jackson County, 
especially Bellevue and its vicinity. The BeJlevue war was a detriment to 
the settling of that part of the county, and it was branded far and near as 
one of the dark places of earth, far beyond its merits long after the bandits 
and murderers were driven out to make room for peaceable and law abiding 
citizens. 

It was about twelve years after the Bellevue war that one, Barger, kill- 
ed his wife in the town of Bellevue and about two years later another foul 
murder was committed near Iron Hills, and this couoled with tlie mob-war 
at Bellevue cast a shadow over the entire county of Jackson. Althougii near- 
ly 50 years have passed since the hanging of Barger and Gritlith by the Iron 
Hills vigilance committee, the shadow still hangs over the county, and the 
farther we go from home and hear the opinion of strangers, the darker the 
picture becomes. It was nearly 10 years atfer the Bellevue war tha.t the 
writer first came to Jackson County, Iowa, and it was in 1850 that I stop- 
ped for a while in Bellevue and in its vicinity. My opportunity was good to 
know flow the public pulse beat in regard to the Bellevue tragedy. I found 
that by a large majority of the best citizens, the sympathies were with 
Warren's party and against the Brown gang. This I found after I arrived 
on the ground and talked with those who had the best opportunity of 
knowing tlie merits or demerits in trie case, but now tiie question is again 
brought up with new testimony, such as would reverse the verdict tiiat was 
rendered by the general public more than 50 years ago. I confess that I 
had some hesitancy in stopping in or settling in Bellevue or even in Jack- 
son County, not that I was afraid of Warren and his party, but of Brown 
and his gang 

Although partially exterminated in the town of Bellevue at the time 
of the war: yet some of the gang survived and again become operative 
farther west in the big woods in the forks of the Maquoketa river. It was 
full 10 years after the Bellevue war that the place of their conceal meiit was 
discovered in the caves in the rocks of Pine Creek, and 'from this secluded 
piace and another branch on the north fork" they did a systematic business 
of horse stealing, counterfeiting and in fact almost anything that could 
grow out of lawlessness. It was the lawless gang that provoked the formation 
of tlie Iron Hills vigilance committee that did the hanging of Barger and 
Grillith and it was soon after the hanging that a similar committee was 
formed at F^meline for the sole purpose of ferreting out the desperadoes and 
bringing them to justice, to protect the community against the l)anditsthat 
remained of the Brown gang. Alttioiigh these coinmittees were in them- 
selves not organized according to law and iheir acts therefore were unlaw- 
ful. But the inability of the administrators of the law to cope with the 
situation, caused citizens for their own satetv to take the law into their own 
hands in order to put away evil among them. 1 have already in a former 
communication spoke of tliese committees and would not agaifi bring it 
to the front except for the reason ot liho recently published story of .Joseph 
Henry. My personal acquaintance witli Mr. Warren was but slight, but 
from his sceiiiingly mild disposition and his apparent level lieadedriess I 



•1 : • 



15 



could scarcely believe him a desperado or that he would go otr at half set or, 
that he would do a harsh act without justifiable provocation. 

The history of the Bellevue war has been written and rewritten, not 
altogether without exhibiting more or Jess bias of the writer, but now that 
the question is again raised, it is of the highest importance that nothing 
but actual facts be made the base of revision without regard to our sym- 
pathies.. There are yet many incidents connected with the Jackson Coun- 
ty mobs of which I will speak later on, if occasion requires. 

LEVI VVAGO^^EK. 



f 



—16 



Early Pioneers. 

fWrltten by J. W, Eills for the Jackson Oounty Historical Society.) 

One of the very early pioneers of Jackson county was John Forbes, who 
came to Bellevue in the spring of 1830. He secured a ten-year charter for a 
ferry across the Mississippi at a point just below the mouth of Spruce C'reek 
and operated a ferry there for several years. In 1838 he was appointed a 
justice of the peace for Bellevue by the governor of the territory, lie was 
a quiet dignified scholarly gentleman and seemed a little out of place among 
the rough people wno made up a large majority of tlie tirst settlers of the 
Iowa Territory, fie was born in Wilmington, Vermont, April Uth, 1806. 
Married Mary Trowbridge in the town of Preble, Courtland county, N. Y., 
March 5th, 1829. She was a daughter of Daniel and Dorothy Trowbridge, 
born Nov. 18th, 1809, in the province of lower Canada. Some time in the 
early fall the worthy couple removed to Newburgh, Ohio, and in IS3I came 
west to Chicago by way of the lakes on the Queen Cliarlotte, Commodore 
Perry's flagship, which had been sunk in the battle of Erie, and had Iain at 
the bottom of the lake 20 years, to join an older brother of Mr. Forbes, 
Stephen Van Rennseler Forbes, who came to Chicago in 1829. 

The Forbes geneology has the following interesting sketch of Stephen 
Forbes: "Mr. Forbes iirst came to Chicago in the summer of 1829 and re- 
turned to Ohio in the ensuing fall. Came back to Ciiicago in the spring of 
1830, taught school three months and then went to Ohio again, and return- 
ed to Chicago with Mrs. Forbes, in the month of September of that year. 
They lived in the Dean house so culled just by the outlet of the (/hicago 
river. The liouse was a block or timber-built, being of logs liewn on two 
sides with two main rooms with an addition of one room. The school was 
kept in this liouse by Mrs. Forbes and her class occupying one room, and 
Mr. Forbes and the boys the other. The scfiolars were mostly French or 
half breeds, only one pupil coming from Fort Dearborn. Later in 1S31, Mr. 
Forbes moved to where Riverside is now or near there, but returned to Chi- 
cago in 18;)2 in eonseiiuence of the Indian troubles. Mr. Forbes was elected 
the tirst sheritr of (^ook county, Dec. i;>th, is;>0, and collected the tirbt tax 
paid in that county. He died in Chicago, Fei). IKli, 1879." 

Jolin Forbes took a claim on the Desplaincs river, 12 miies uest of 
cago, vNhere lie resided until the tall of 1M;4, when he removed to Cial»^na, 
and from there to Bellevue in the spring of Ks.V). Their children were Dan- 



;if- 




iel Webster, born in Preble, Courtland county, N- Y., March 5th, 1830, who 
married Susan Usher of Jackson county, Iowa; Henry Clay born on the Des- 
plaines river, Cook county, 111., -May 26th, 1834, married Orpha Ann Waldo 
in Council Blulls, Iowa; John Francis, born on the west bank of tlie Mis- 
sissippi river in Jackson county, territory of Iowa, July 4th, 1841, married 
Ellen Eads in Jackson county, Iowa. 

Some time in the early forties John Forbes removed to land he had 
bought about one mile east of Andrew and lived there several years, remov- 
ing from there to a farm in section 26 Farmers Creek township, and about 
1852 removed to Council Rlulis, and from there to Central America, secur- 
ing 1200 acres of land near Greytown. He was there during Walker's tilibus- 
tering expedition and the boD:ibardraent. Came back here on account of the 
disturbed condition of affairs expecting to return when peace was restored 
over there, but never did. He died in Davenport, Iowa, the 22nd of Febru- 
ary, 1862. All three of his sons served as volunteers during the wai of the 
Rebellion. Henry C, father of the writer's wife, served three years in Co. 
B 26th Iowa, was wounded in tliigh during the Black river campaign. He 
died in Utah, January 2, 1878. Daniel W. died May 28th, 18<J4, at Ida Grove, 
and John Francis died Jan. 13th, 1904, at Kedfield, Iowa. Mrs. John 
Forbes died at the home of the writer Jan. 5th, 1898, aged 90 years. 

The father of tiiis subject was also John Forbes, son of Stephen, Aaron, 
Thomas, Daniel, born April 1st, 1769, at Wilmington, V^ermont. Married 
Anna Sawyer, daughter of a Captain Sawyer, born about the year 1748, who 
was a famous Indian tighter, and served with distinction in the revolution- 
ary war, iiad a large grant of land alung the Delaware river. Our Grand- 
mother Forbes, who lived with us for many years, related many interesting 
anecdotes of old Captain Sawyer. She said that on account of some great 
injury done them by the old captain, a certain tribe of Indians hated him 
with an undying hatred. Long after these Indians had been driven to a re- 
mote distance trom the settlement where the captain lived, a band of them 
returned to that locality penetrating a quite thickly settled country to get 
revenge on him. They did not disturb other white settlers except to com- 
pel one of his neighbors to guide them to the captain's cabin. The old cap- 
tain had three grown up sons and two large savage dogs, and when the In- 
dians approached the cabin the dogs were turned loose and created tiuite a 
panic among tiie red-skins, but were soon dispatched and a determined at- 
tack was made on the cabin wliich met with a stout resistance until the In- 
dians succeeded in tiring the house, and ttie family was obliged to surren- 
der. Tlie Inc'ians assured Mrs. Sawyer they would not harm a hair of her 
head, but were determined to burn the captain alive. They burned and de- 
stroyed all of the captaifi's property and then set out for their country tak- 
ing Mr. Sawyer and one other wliite man with them. The Indians made 
long and rapid marches and when they liiid at night would make tlie 
prisoners lie down, and would cut branches from trees and lay across the 
whites, and an Indian v^ould lay down on each side of the whites un the 
ends of the branches, so it would be imptissihie for the captives to move 
without dist urbing t heir captors. As they approached the Ifulian towns 



\\\ M 



-^18 



the Indians divided into small parties to deceive the whites in case they 
were pursued, all the time the old veteran had been watching for an oppor- 
tunity to escape, each day they were allowed to step to one side together, 
ostensibly to pray, but in reality to exchange a few words in a whisper. 
They found tliat they could easily remove their bonds and they lanned to 
attempt to escape on the last night before they would reach the Indian 
town, by slaying their guards, of which there were but four in ttie party. 
About midnight after a long weary march through the forest, the captain 
- was assured by the heavy breathing of his captors that they were sleeping 
soundly, and carefully freeing his hand lie secured a hatcliet from one of 
the Indians. lie soon found himself entirely free. He signaled to his fellow 
prisoner and found him awake At one blow from the hatchet he dispatched 
one of the sleeping Indians and before the other recovered his feet he liad 
buried the tomahawk in his brain. The Indians guarding the other prison- 
er whose courage failed him at the critical moment were awakened by the 
blows that had slain their companions, sprang to their feet to face the cap- 
tain with uplifted and bloody axe. Not at all dismayed by the situation 
he attacked and killed one of them, while tne other fled from the spot as 
though pursued by demons. The captain quickly released his less nervy 
companion, and securing the weapons of their late captors they started on 
their retrun to their homes, using all the stratagem of wood craft to cover 
their trail, and very much to the surprise of their friends returned to their 
homes just tliirty days from the time of their capture. 

For years afterwards the Indians hunted the settlement where the old 
captain lived, but he was always on his guard and was too wary for them. 
Finally during his last illness a band of Indians came to the captain's house 
and requested to see him. They were told that tlie captain was very sick 
and would soon be dead. The chief insisted on seeing him and was allowed 
to enter the room where his ancient enemy lay uucDnscious, emaciated and 
struggling for Dreath. The old chief stood and gazed on him for several 
minutes, then went oul and joined his waiting warriors, making a short 
speech to them after which the i)and departed never to return to that sec- 
tion of the country again. 

My grandmother had ttie story from her liusband's mother, Anna Saw- 
yer Forbes, a daughter of the old captain who also gave as a reason for- the 
hatred of the Indians for her fatfier, tliat on one occassion lie had discover- 
ed an Indian in the act of stealing meal or something from an out house, 
and had lired liis gun as l:e averred to frighten tlie lliief, but in reality had 
fatally wounded a S(iuaw, who had strength enough to crawl back to the 
band of Indians to which she belonged that were encamped near by and tell 
her story before she died. The feud enger\dered l)y the act of the captain 
cost tlie Indians many lives and only ended with the death of their hated 
foe. 



How Iowa City Became the Territorial Capital— Colonel 
Thomas Cox of Jackson County an Important 
Factor in the Contest. 

(Written by Harvey Reld for the Jackson Oouaty Historical Society. 

One of tho imporfant matters which Governor Lucas, in his fir^t mes- 
sage, urged upon the attention of the legislature was the location of a per- 
manent seat of government for the new Territory. He had under the au- 
thority given him by the Organic Act, chosen F3urIington as the temporary 
capital; but it was realized that, altiiough settlements were as yet contiued 
to a strip of territory closely contiguous to the Mississippi river, jurisdic- 
tion of the inchoate commonwealth extended over a vast domain to the 
westward, whose future population would demand a location more central 
than any town oa the river could be. It was very ditlicult, however, to 
find any settlement at a distance from the river large enough to claim the 
distinction of being called a town. Then the rivalry of sections came in, 
as between north and south The old county of "Demoine" had an over- 
whelming majority of population, but it soon became evident that Hloom- 
ington (Muscatine) members were disposed to join forces with the repre- 
sentatives of the northern counties. Mount Fleisant, in Henry county, 
was the largest village in the Territory not situated on the Mississippi river. 
It was represented in the Assembly by two members of the Council and 
three of tlie House, one of whom was the Speaker; and they soon secured 
pledges from the southern members that seemed to make tlie selection of 
that town a certainty. The P.urlington contingent seems to have given 
up pretensions for their own town early in the struggle; and, with two ex- 
ceptions, supported Mt. Pleasant loyally, even when tempted by flattering 
propositions in their own favor. Bloomington, liowever. was recalcitrant, 
and its district had strong men to lend aid to their northern brethren, in 
the persons of General John B^riersen, S. Clinton Hastings, \Vm. L. Toole, 
and Levi Tiiornton in tlie House, and .James M. ("lark in the Council. 

Record proceedings iiejian on Novcmiter fourteentli, wlien Colonel Cox 
moved that so much of the Governor's message as relates to the establishing 
of the seat of government be referred to the committee on Territorial 
AtTairs. iiut tiiere appears no report from that committee until the last 
day of tlie year, December ;n, ls;]S, vvlien they brougtjt in a bill providing 
that Hurlington should be the temporary capital for three Ne.irs and that 
then Mt. Pleasant should be tho permanent, capital. The t)ill bei?ig consi<l- 
ered in committee of tlie whole, the IJurlingt.on provision was adopted with 



20 



out much opposition. Then came motions to strike out Mt. Pleasant and 
insert sometliing else. Twenty eight dillerent places were thus tried. Mr. 
Cox moved to insert Black Hawk, Scott county; Mr. Nowlin moved to in- 
sert Bellevue; Mr. Summers moved to insert Camanche. And so tlie gamut 
was run. All the motions were lost and Mt. Pleasant emerged from the 
Committee of the Whole triumphant. 

The question then came before the House on concurrence with the re- 
port of the committee of the whole, and the contest was renewed. The tirst 
attack was on the lirst section of the bill, and Colonel Cox, with six others, 
voted to substitute Fort Madison for Burlington as temporary capital. Then 
Colonel Cox came forward with an entirely new solution for the problem, 
drawn, evidently, from his personal share in a similar contest twenty years 
before. Controversies over the location of seats of government were inter- 
esting incidents in the early legislat ion of nearly all of the new common- 
wealths which the invasion ot the West was bringing into the American 
Union. Tlie usual and expected result of such contests had been the choice 
of an establistied town, or at least a regularly surveyed town site with the 
nucleus of a settlement. But there had been a notable exception when the 
tirst General Assembly of the State of Illinois, in 1818, had, through a Board 
of Commissioners, located its new state capital upon four sections of unoc- 
cupied government land, and had given it the name of Yandalia. 

Tliomas Cox was a senator in the tirst General Assembly of Illinois, and 
bore a part in the legislntion which decreed that the seat of government 
should go into the wilderness, and the capital city be laid out into lots and 
sold to its future residents bv the State. Government land stretched in 
aimost illimitable vastness beyond the narrow fringe of settlements in Iowa 
Territory in 1838, as it had in Illinois in 1818; and. if a central capital be 
desired, take a leaf from the book of Illinois, choose your plat of larid 
and make one. Such were the thoughts, doubtless, that prompted him to 
move to amend the second section of the bill as follows: 

"Strike out Mount Pleasant, and insert 'Johtjson, Linn, and Cedar 
Counties, and that commissioners be appoifited to locate the seat of goverti- 
meut at the most eligible place in either of those counties." 

The motion received only eleven votes as agaifist fourteen in opposition, 
but the idea was a fruitful one. It became clear that here was a rall>ing 
ground for all who were not entirely satistied witli Mount Pleasant, to di^- 
feat the aspirations of that place and also avoid favoring any other existing 
rival. Nothing more was done, liowever. in the House in furtherance of 
the sclieme, but the struggle tlien proceeded on other lines. Mr. Hastings 
moved to strike out Burlington in the tirst srction and insert Blocuiiington. 
Ten voted for it, including Cox. 

Then a tempting bait was Hung out lo Burlington in Hardin Nowlin's 
motion to maUe Burlington the permanent caoital. Some of the Burlington 
members were true to their Mt. PleasaFit pledges and vested agains tins mo- 
tion, but- it received twelve votes, lacking one only of success. Another mo- 
tion intervened, and then Hawkins Taylor. «f Lee (^ounty, who had voted 
against Now lin's motion, moved to reconsider that vote. The reconsidera- 



tion carried, and the Nowiin araeudraent was adopted by fourteen to eleven. 
Let us glance at this vote and its geograpliicai divisions. Ayes— *for Burling- 
ton— Baukson, Cox, Nowiin, Swan (Dubu(jue): Roberts (Cedar); Frierson, 
Hastings, Toole, Thornton (Muscatine); Taylor (Lee); Bailey, Hall (Van 
Buren) ; Beeler, Blair ( Des Moines). Noes— for ^It. Pleasant— Patterson, 
Brlerly, Price (Lee); Parker (Van Buren); Delashmutt, Grimes, Temple 
(Des Moines) ; Summers, (Clinton and Scott) ; Coop, Porter, Wallace, the 
Speaicer, (Henry). 

The chancres from the first vote on the Nowiin amendment were that 
Hawkins Taylor, of -Lee, and James Hall, of Van Buren. now voted for it. 

But the end was not yet. Mr. Taylor now moved that tlie bill be refer- 
red to a select committee of one from each electoral district, wliich motion 
was carried by fourteen to eleven. Mr. Cox voted aye, but the personnel of 
the vote was quite diilerent from the former one. Colonel Bankson became 
the Dubuque Jackson representative on the select committee. The Legisla- 
ture held its regular session on New Year's day, January first, 1839, and the 
select committee reported back the bill -'with amendments". The Journal 
does not record what the aaaendments were, but the plain inference is tiiat 
the committee, which had been appointed by Speaker Wallace, wiio was a 
Mt. Pleasant man reported back the original plan of :Mt. Pleasant for per- 
manent and Burlington for temporary capital. The report was adopted by 
thirteen to eleven, and then a motion to amend by making Burlington the 
permanent capital was rejected bv the same vote. G. S. Bailey and James 
Hall, of Van Buren and George H. Beeler. of Des ^toiues, had repented over 
night and reversed tfieir votes of the day before. 

Other routine and dilatory motions followed until the bill finally passed 
by the same thirteen to eleven. Then Hardin Nowiin moved to amend 
the title of the bill to read: ''A bill to establish two seats of government 
and to squander the appropriation for erecting public buildings." Six dila- 
tory motions with three roll calls followed, then Nowlin's motion was lost 
by six to seventeen. The ayes were Cox, Hastings, Nowiin, Roberts, Taylor 
aud Toole. 

The contest was now transferred to the Council, and it became at once 
evident that the leaven of Colonel Cox's suggestion had worked its full ef- 
fect on that body, and that a fully detailed plan had received the sanction 
of all exceut the members from Henry and Van Buren counties. On the 
morning of January second, tiie Council received a message from the House 
that It had passed, among other bills, "An act to locate the Seat of Govern- 
ment, of the Territory of Iowa. " Hon. James >L Clark of Louisa county 
(Muscatine district) and Hon. Stephen Hempstead of DubU(|ue assumed di- 
rection of the new plan, and it was iirsl advanced l»y a motion of Mr. ( iark's 
to strike out the second section of the bill The vote on this motioti disclos- 
ed the full st rengt h of both tact ions in the Council, arul was as follows: 
Vas, Clark (Mr.scatiiie district ) ; Hempstead, Lewis (nubu<ine); Hepner. 
Inghram, Ralston ( Dtis Moines); Parkro (Scott); Wiiittlesey (Cedar, etc. 'i: 
Browne (Lee), 9. Nays, Hughes, Payne ( Henry ); Heith. Swa/.y; (Van 
Buren, 4. 



Then Mr. Hempstead moved to insert a new second section, which, af- 
ter several verbal changes, read as follows: 

"Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, that the commissioners hereinafter 
mentioned or a majority of tliem, shall, on the first day of May, in the year 
eighteen hundred and thirty-nine, meet at the town of Napoleon and pro- 
ceed to locate the seat of Government at the most eligible point within the 
present limits of Johnson county." 

This was adopted by the same nine to four vote previously recorded. 
The section as first proposed by Mr. Hempstead provided that tiie location 
should be within twenty townships' named, whicn would-have included the 
southern tier of townships in Linn county. Mr. Clark moved to strike out 
the limits mentioned, and to insert ''within the present limits of Johnson 
county," which was carred by ten to three, Mr. Hempstead himself voting 
for it, as did also Mr. Keith, one of tlie Mt. Pleasant adherents. 



1! ' j/'.-v,;ii(1 



How Iowa City Became the Territorial Capital— Colonel 
Thomas Cox of Jackson County an Important 
Factor in the Contest. 

(Written by Harvey Reid for the Jackson County Historical Society. 

The Henry county members exhausted every parliamentary device, and 
tested the endurance of the majority by roll calls on amendments at every 
stage of progress of the bill ; but tiie ''stalwart nine" held their ground 
without a break in their ranks, the bill was perfected to six sections, then 
referred to the Committee on Territorial Affairs and laid over until the 
next day. On January third, tlie committee reported back the bill with an 
additional section, which was concurred in. Other efforts were made by 
the Mt. Pleasant men to amend or delay its passage, but the tinal roll call 
secured ten votes, Mr. Keith of Van Buren iiaving joined the majority. 

The House took up the bill as amended by the Council on tlie same day, 
made some slight changes in verbiage, and then passed it by the bare major- 
ity of thirteen to twelve. As compared with the vote on January first, 
when Mt. Pleasant won by thirteen to eleven, she now lost the votes of 
George Beeler of Des Moines and Laurel Summers of Scott, and gained that 
of Wm. Patterson, ot Lee, who liad been absent on the first. 

When the bill came to Governor Lucas for approval, he pointeil out de- 
fects which be suggested could be cured by a supplementary act, and with- 
held his approval until the legislature sliould thus perfect their work. A 
"bill supplementary to an act to locate the seat of government for Iowa," 
was therefore introduced in the House on the fifteenth of January. It pro- 
vided tliat, so soon as tlie place shall be selected - and the consent of tlie 
United States obtained, the commissioners shall proceed to lay out a town: 
that, after a plat of the town shall iiave l)een recorded, the Governor shall 
direct a sale of lots to be held under direction of the cominission(>rs, tlie 
proceeds of which shall go into the Territorial Treasury, to be expended as 
may be directed by l;iw; that the acting commissioner shall givenonds: that 
the Governor shall apply to Congress for a donation of four sections of land, 
and oiiier provisions. During its consideration (,'olonel Cox moved to iiiMMl 
hi the Hrst section, after the word *'town". tlie words, "to be called Iowa 
^'ity", and l\w motion carried. Thus wns Thomas Cox responsible not only 
for the idea which bote fruit- in the st^leetion of a site tor the territorial 
capital upon unoccupied govermiH^nt land, tint it was lie. also who gave the 



; 1 



6 r-x- 



legislative bautlin^ city a name. The supplementary act was passed by a 
vote of sixteen to nine, Cox in the negative. The opposition probably repre- 
sented, to some extent, resentment towards the dictation of the (ioveruor. 

On the seventeenth of January,- the two houses met in joint convention 
to elect the three locating conjmissioners, one from each judicial district. 
For the third district, Colonel Cox put in nomination his colleague, Cliaun- 
cey Swan, of Dubuque, and he was elected by twenty-nine votes against nine 
scattering. For the second district, .John Ronalds, of Louisa county, was 
elected on the tirst ballot. For the tirst district, live candidates were put 
in nomination. Four ballots were taken witiiout result. The tifth ballot 
stood; Robert Ralston of Des Moiiies county, twenty-three votes, John Ciay- 
poole, thirteen, '-Colonel Cox", one. The original and the supplementary 
acts were both finally approved by the Goveronor, January 21, LSJ9. 

The lamented Dr. Theodore S. Parvin, to whom Iowa is more indebted 
than to any other individual for tlie preservation of facts relating to its ear- 
ly history, has made a singular error in writing about the part borne by Col- 
onel Cox in tills capital locating contest. Dr. Parvin, as a young man, was 
private secretary to Governor Lucas, and therefore present in Burlington 
during the session of that tirst Territorial Assembly, and familiar with its 
proceedings. The imbroglio of the Governor with Secretary Conway involv- 
ed also a hostility on the part of the Secretary towards young Parvin, which 
was manifested in some reports made to tiie Legislature wliich afford some 
of the raciest reading that ever appeared in pul^lic documents. Colonel Cox was 
a bitter partisan in the controversy as a friend of Conway's, and therefore 
not at all friendly to tlie private secretary. That tliis obvious old time fact 
had any influence upon the memory of the venerable doctor of whicli he was 
at all conscious, we do not for a moment suppose: but we believe that it 
did prevent his having had, at tlie time, personal knowledge of Colonel 
Cox's ideas and efforts. 

The first public utterance of Professor Parvin's on the subject was in 
an address before the Iowa Pioneer Lawmakers' Association in 1S92, when 
he said: "IIis (Colonel Cox's) vote was the turning point in tiie location of 
the capitol at Jowa City, and the territory and state became indebted to 
him by whose vote the location was determined." Again, in nn address be- 
fore the same body in IIJOO, Dr. Parvin told a grapi)ic story of the elVorts 
made by the adlierents and the opponents of Mt. Pleasant to gain votes In 
this, he made the assertion that the result hung upon the vote of one man 
(witiiout naming him), and tliat his vote was won and retained by sinister 
means in which tlie celebration of Jackson day (.January sth) bove a pait, 
A letter written by Parvin to Kt-vered William Salter in November, I'.'oo. 
whicii the present writer has i)een permitted to copy, tells the same story 
with Colonel (Jox as its subject : and, bv this letter, it appears that Honora- 
ble S. C. Hastings, then a member fiom Muscatine, was autiiority for tlie 
incidents upon which it was based. 

Now the evidence of the House Journal h;is boon carefully presented in 
detail in the text, arid shows that the cont(>st was all over and the last \otPS 
taken on tlie tliird o\' January. Jackson day had no part nor U)t in ii. The 
Journal sliows, too, that, so far from tlie vote of Colonel Cox being an un- 



i' 



certain factor to be competed for, he was, from the tirst, a leader of the 
forces arrayed agfainst Mt. Pleasant, active, vigilant and resourceful. The 
wavering votes clearly show in the record, and it wuuld be dillic.ilt to cen- 
ter the final result upon any one man. 

In this connection, we would cite the assertion of Hon. Flawkins Ta-ylor, 
who, in a letter to the Pioneer Lawmakers' Association of iso-t, says that, 
during that lirst Territorial Assembly, he did not see a single member in- 
toxicated. The Journal record demonstrates tiiat it was a busy session: ev- 
ery member was on his mettle, intensely interested in his new duties and 
unwilling to allow extraneous pleasures to divert him tlierefrom. 

It is due, however, to the venerable narrator whose tale we are endeav- 
oring to combat, to say that internal evidence in the .Journal of the session 
of 1839-40, of wliich Assembly, also, Colonel Cox and Mr. Hastings were both 
members, would indicate that a convivial observance of Jackson Day, 1S40, 
is inherently probable. So we are compelled to believe that Clinton Hast- 
ings' story, filtered down through sixty years of the phenominally retentive 
memory of Dr. Parvin, related to the second year of his joint service with 
Colonel Cox instead of tiie first, and that this territory and state did become 
indebted to Colonel Cox for the location of the capital at Iowa City, but in 
tlje wider sense of his having created the idea, rather than his having cast 
a reluctant ballot which determined such location. 




Aims and Purposes of the Jackson County Historical 

Society. 

(Written by J. W. Ellis for Jaciison County Uistorical Society.) 

The main object of tliis Society is to preserve in as condensed form ns 
possible the tiislory and happenings of the people of tliis county witliout pre- 
judice or coloring. In 1«79, an enterprising tirm published a book entitled, 
"The History of Jackson County. Iowa, " which contained an account of 
the discovery and early settlement of Iowa and Jackson County, a partial 
history of the criminal proceedings, list of names of those who enlisted from 
this county during the Civil War, and a large space was devoted to very 
brief biographies of such persons or families as were willing to pay ^1.00 for 
a copy of the book. There was a very limited number of those books pub- 
lished. Ten years later, or in Lss9. another book. The Jackson County Al- 
bum, was published. Tins book consisted largely of biographies of persons 
who were able or willing to pay the price of 515.00 for a copy of the book 
with a write-up of themselves or families. Naturally the p-ice of these 
books placed them out of reach of a great many people who would appreciat e 
the conteats if they could alford to own them. But at best those books 
were but partial and imperfect histories of the county. 

In 1897, I wrote a serial under title of "i^y Gone I^ays, " that was pub- 
lished and ran through twenty-five numbers of the Maquoketa Record, and 
the publishers made something like 150 booklets containing the matter as it 
had run in the papers, and sold theai for 25 cents each. The contents treat- 
ed entirely of the criminal history of the county. 

This Society desires to gather all of the historjcal matter that it is pos- 
sible to gather at this late date, that is worthy of preservation, of men and 
events in the county, condense it as much as possible and publish it in book 
form on the installment plan, as it were, and make it easily in reach of all. 
Tlie Society is now preparing the third number of its Annals, or quarterly 
publications, and its ollicers have been greatly encouraged iti their work by 
the numerous favorable comments and complimentary letters received from 
public libraries, historic:\l societies and prominent authors to whom uehave 
sent copies of our publications. 

In carrying out our purposes it will he necessary to republish som»'tlnng 
that has been published heretofore, for the reason stateci above ot getting 
a succinct history of the county in book form for better preservation. Kor 
economical reasons tlie matter prepared for our Annals under present ar- 
rangements will be lirst publishevi m the .laoUson StMitinrl, and I wouUl ad- 



— •■■</. 



vise the patrons of that paper to preserve the numbers containing the his- 
torical matter. Tiiey wiJl want to read it again. 

One of tiie features in our future publications will be obituaries of our 
pioneers, and it is desired that members of the Society and others preserve 
copies of obituaries of pioneers and old settlers, and hand to the ollicers'for 
publication in the Annals. The Society is incorporated under the laws of 
the state, and is authorized to receive donations and make contracts, and is 
acquiring a valuable collection of boolis and papers. We invite contribu- 
tions of liistorical matter, reminiscences, anecdotes and tradition, but do 
not care for opinions. We especially desire assistance in locating the sites 
of the tirst cabins erected on any and all of the lands of tliis county, also 
dates as near as possible of Urst settlers on the lands. 

The com'mittee on distribution of our publications have decided that 
where no acknowledgement is received from those to whom the books are 
sent such persons or societies shall be dropped from our mailing list. 



More About the Iron Hills Vigilantes. 



rRe-Written by J. W, Ellis for the Jackson Oouuty Historical Society.) 

There was one episode in connection with the Iron Hills vigilance com- 
mittee which I believe has never been published; away back in tJie early 
fifties there lived in the vicinity of Iron Hills a man by the name of Wilcox, 
who was a gay Lothario. His attention to some of his neighbors wives was 
the talk of the neighborhood, and his conduct became so flagrant and out- 
rageous indecent, that the neighbors were prompted to resort to harsh meas- 
ures, and while the lesson or punlstiment was quite severe, it had ttic desir- 
ed effect. Our informant who was an eye witness to the punishment of Wil- 
cox, was a boy at the time, and lived on the banks of tlie North Fork, be- 
tween Fulton and Iron Hills. He says tliat a neighobr came to him one 
evening and wanted to know if liis folks liad any loose faethers; upon mak- 
ing inquiries at his house he ascertained that his motlier iiad some chicken 
feathers. The neighbor said that would do, in fact were just wliat he 
wanted. He made arrangements with the boy to take the faethers in a sack 
across the river, which was spanned by a foot bridge, and conceal tliem in a 
certain place near where John Hute's house now stands. The boy carried 
the feathers to the place agreed upon and his curiosity being e.xcited he was 
determined to satisfy it, so he concealed liimself and awaited events. Some 
time after dark men whom he recognized as neighbors began to arrive in twos 
and threes, and engage in conversation, carried on in low tones. Finally a 
party of tive or six arrived with a prisoner, in wiiom the boy recognzed the 
gay and seductive old Wilcox. 

After some parleying and pleading on the part of the pfisoi\er, he was 
stripped naked and covered from liead to feet with tar, after wliich the var- 
ious colored chicken feathers were applied, making one of the most grotes- 
que figures ever seen. When the crowd had suiliciently enjoyed the discom- 
fiture of their victim, they warned him to leave the country within a given 
time, and went their way, leaving liim alone in his agony. Our friend says, 
Wilcox gave a groan of such bitter agony that lie shall remember to the last 
day. "My God," he said, "1 am ruined, body and soul." He put his hands 
against his body and began i)ushiiig olT the horrible clinging substance, re- 
moving great llak<\s which our Iriend says, could l)e sn n there six months 
afterwards. The terribly punislied man lost no time in shaking tlie dust of 
Iron Hills oir his feet forever. Altiiough lifty years liave passed since the 
Wilcox episode, there are several people living in this locality who recollect 
tlie incident, and some who participated in it. 



1 r ^'<y 



Counterfeiter Redeemed by Patriotism. 



(Written by J. W. Ellis for Jackson County fllstorlcal Society.) 

As far back as the territorial days that part of the county bordering on 
Brandon and Monmouth townships was behoved to be infested witii an or- 
ganized band of counterfeiters. In the fall of 1858, one E. S. Washiburn was 
arrested, and not only counterfeit money was found on his person but dies 
were also found for malving such money. On the nth of Marcl), 1*^.j8, tiie 
grand jury brought in an indictment charging Washburn with having coun- 
terfeited money in his possession, with tlie intent to pass tlie same, and on 
the 18th brought in another indictment charging him with having dies in his 
possession for mailing counterfeit money. On tiie 25th of March, 1859, Wa^li- 
burn was brought into court and arraigned and plead not guilty. A jury 
was empaneled which heard the case, but cuuJd not agree, and was discliarg- 
ed. We believe but one of these jurors is alive today, and that is Thomas 
Frazer of Woodbury County. On the 23rd of December, 1859, the case came 
on for trial again, witti the follownig jurors; Chas. Harrington, Dan Wago- 
ner, il. L. Brit, Thomas Dugan, T. II. Davis,- A. G. Fisher, J. T. Ilutch- 
ins, R. B. Felton. A. llurd, John Keetf and A. J. Able, who, after hearing 
the evidence and arguments of council, brought in ttie verdict of guilty as 
charged, and recommended the defendant to the mercy of the court. The 
sentence of court was that defendant be coutined in the penitentiary at iiard 
labor for one year, from which he appealed to the supreme court and was 
admitted to bail pending time for the trial. The sequel of the case we 
give in the version of our old friend Myron Collins in his own language. 
Dictated in 1897. 

E. Washburn was indicted for raanulacturing and passing counterfeit 
gold dollars near Canton, this ct^unty, indicted by the grand jurv and put 
on trial, convicted and sentenced to penitentiary for one year. A number 
of his neighobrs thought him innocent. At the time of the trial 1 was bail- 
iff under .James Watkins, sheiilT, had charge of Washburn and two Farring- 
tons, wlicn the county seat was in Bellevue. The prisoners were brought 
from Andrew and had to be guarded svhile in Bellevue, and I became vcr\ 
well acquainted with Washburn, and after his conviction ho wanted to taUe 
an appeal to (he supreme court. He tiad t(> furnisli a bond in (he sum of 
'?500 in order to take the appeal. Myself with seven others went on. (he bond. 
The ^Supreme eouri was (o meet in Davenport in (lie sining: in the u\cm\ 



— -3( 



time Washburn had moved to Bellevue with his family and lived there, lie \ 
took a boat in the spring as he said to go to Davenport to attend the Su- j 
preme court, he did not appear at the supreme court but left the country. | 
Coming to Investigate tlie bond, there were only two responsible parties i 
■ on the bond and they were Mathew T. Diamond of Monmouth township -and ] 
myself,. The county did not enforce the collection of tlie bond agaist uia- ! 
mond and mvself; they wished to give us ample time to catch the defendant. 
We heard nothing of him until after the battle of Pea Eidge. A few days i 
after that battle I receievd a letter from one of the Farringtons, whom I j 
had guarded at the same time I did Washburn at the jail, who was then in > 
the 9th Iowa Infantry which had participated in the battle of Pea Ridge, ; 
stating that Washburn was Major of the 24th Missouri Cavalry. In a few 
days aftertvards I got another letter from William Seward stating the same 
thing. I then went and saw Tvlathew T. Diamond and made arrangements 
with him to get a requisitoin,and for me to go and get Wasliburn: Governor 
Kirkwood of Iowa issued tiie requisition upon the proviodcial Governor of 
Arkansas. I took my requisition and started, when 1 gotto Carroll I could not 
havegot down the river without a pass, but having my requisition I was passed 
through tlie lines. Governor Phelps was provincial governor of Arkansas. 
I went to him and gave my requisition; he looked over the papars and pro- 
nounced them correct;. At that tim3 Washburn was going under the as- 
sumed name of E. S. Weston, as I was informed by the parties who had in- 
formed me as to his whereabouts. After Governor Phelps had perused the 
papers and had found them correct, he said that he would prefer before is- 
suing the warrant, to confer with General Curtis, who was in command 
and who had been in command at the battle of Pea Ridge. He called in a 
negro servant and ordered him to get his carriage. lie and I went to Gen- 
eral Curtis' headquarters; he was quartered in a, very tine mansion in 
Helena, Arkansas, and Gov. Piielps introduced me to Gen. (>urtis as Mr. 
Curlins from Iowa, who had requisition from Governor Kirkwood of Iowa, 
duly authenitcated for the arrest and return of E. S. Weston alias E. S. 
Washburn. Gen Curtis appeared very much surnrised, after reading the 
requisition over Gen. Curtis said to me, that he would rather spare any 
other olllcer in liis command, that he questioned very much wliether they ' 
could have won the day at the battle at Pea Ridge had it not beeti for the \ 
gallant services of Major Washburn, that Washburn had been through the 
Mexicin war and he was well disciplined and a daring and noble oilicev, and 
he would much prefer that some arrangements could t)e made whereby Major 
Washburn, alias Weston could remain in the service. He sent an orderly af- 
ter the Major, he then informed me that he would have to excuse me as ho 
had business of great importance on hand. 1 wont out and sat in the Gov- 
ernor's carriage, vvhicli was standing at the entrance to Gen. Curtis' head- 
quarter*, while I was sitting in the carriiige. Major Washl)urn came alor)g 
with the orderly who had not I tied him that hv was summoi\ed btM»>ro Gen. 
Curtis, when Washourn turtied into the uate to go into Curtis' hoad(|uarl- 
er,s I says to him ••Hello, Washburn,'' he tiufied around and looked at. me 
several moments before ho spoke, he then retnarked '•l?ro.it (iod. is that 
you Collins'.'"' 1 suppose the jig is .ill up with me, "I remarked to him, I 



---31 



thought it was, he thea says," I suppose you are after me;" I remarked 
that he guessed correctly. We talked a few moments. He then said I would 
have to excuse him, that he had been summoned before Gen. Curtis, prob- 
bly half an hour after Washburn liad gone in to report to Gen. Curtis an or- 
derly came out to me and said I had a summons to appear before Gen. 
Curtis, Gov. Phelps and Gen. Curtis had been in consultation during my 
absence. I went in and reported to Gen. Curtis, He said to me that he 
was very anxious that some arraneraent could be made whereby the Major 
could be retained in the service. He made a proposition of this kind tliathe 
would appoint two of his stall otficers and those orticers and Major and me 
should get together and see if we couldn't arrive at someconciusion whereby — 
the Major could remain in the army. We went into a room up stairs over the 
Generals head(iaarters, after a long consultation among ourselves, we made 
this arrangement: Ttiat the Major should pay all ray traveling expenses, 
both going a,nd coming and a reasonable compensation for my time to me, 
and deposit $50U with Gov. Phelps, that being the amount of the bond, and 
that we would get up a petition to Gov. Kirkwood of Iowa, setting forth 
the gallant services of the Major at the battle of Pea Ridge and elsewhere, 
asking the Governor of Iowa to pardon him and ttiat this petition was to 
be signed by Gen. Curtis and Gov. Phelps, and all of the (Jurtis stalT otlicers 
and that I should take the pel ition and come to the Governor of Iowa: and 
in the event that the pardon was not granted by Gov. Kirkwood, Gov. Phelps 
was to send the money to me, and if the pardon was granted he was to pay 
it to the Major. The Major was at that time acting provo-marshal. I in- 
formed the Major, that I would like to go out and visit the 9th Iowa, 
who were quartered there nine miles back from Helena. Tlie Major sent 
an orderly for horse and e(^uipmcnts, told me I could go out to the 9th Iowa 
and stay as long as I had a mind to. I went out to the 9th and I met a very 
large number of acquaintances as there was a comoany went from Hellevue 
and Andrew whicli were in the Regt. Met the parties there, Farrington 
and Seward, who had informed me of the whereabouts of Washburn, stayed 
two days with the 9th: was treated like a King;came back to Helena, turn- 
ed my horse over to the Major; bade him good bye and took a steamboat t 
Cairo; came home and went to Des Moines and saw the (Jovcnor; gave him 
my petition; he granted a pardon out with any hesitancy saying to me that 
we needed every man in the army who could do any good; there was no 
doubt that Washburn was worth more there than he would be in tho peni- 
tentiary. 

Washburn informed me that while at. Helena and after leaving liellcvuc, 
that lie went to a town in Soutliorn Missouri and went to practicing medi- 
cine and met with the best of success, and wtien the war broke out he pot 
up a company and the company was attached to th«' "Jtth Missouri Cavalry 
and they elected him Major; that he drilled the regiment and had the nuist 
of the command during (he campaign. Washburn's family knew notrnng of 
his whereabouts, until I informed them :itter my return from Ilrlona: thev 
went as (|uickly as possible down to Helena and I have never heard atjvtlnng 
of Washburn since. At; the next session of the legislature, ;i bill was passed 
relieving all liability on tlie bond of 



Some of the Criminal History of Jackson County. 

(Compllod for the Jackson County Historical Society by J. W. Ellis, f urator) 

I have previously stated in my early history writiugs, that the first 
settlers of the couaty were largely made up of rough if not lawless people, 
and I think that a perusal of the old territorial dockets will convince tiic 
-most skeptical that my statement was justitied: homicides were frequent in 
the early days, and have cont inued up to within a few years. I would al- 
most hazard the assertion that there has been more murders committed in 
Jackson county since tlie county was organized, in 1838, than there were 
of Jackson county soldiers killed in tlie war of the rebellion. At the lirst 
term of court held in Jackson county, William Sublett was indicted for 
murder and at the April term 1839 Samuel Groll was indicted for the delib- 
erate murder of his neighbor Thomas S. Davis, and at the same term Coon- 
rad Ilite was indicted for an attempt to kill, and Robert Carey was indict- 
ed for assault with intent to kill. In the same year Zopher t'erkins and 
Calvin Perkins were charged with assault with intent to kill, and were 
put under bonds to keep the peace with J. S. Mallard. On the 8th day of 
January, 1840, James C. Mitchell shot and instantly killed James Thompson 
^aud on the tirst day of April, 1840, there was a factional tight in the village 
of Bellevue, in which seven men Were shot to death and seven more sorely 
.wounded. In 1854 William P. Barger shot his wife to death in Bellevue and 
three years later was hanged by a mob in Andrew. In 1842 Joseph Jackson 
filled Zenaphon Perkins on the Maquoketa river at a point about 6 miles 
above tlie town of Maquoketa. In 1852 Ab Montgomery killed Andrew M. 
Brown, a few rods west of the W. St. line of the town of Macjuoketa. In 
185G Mrs.Conklin and sons killed the iiusbaud and father Wm. Conkliu in 
the north part of Farmers Creek township and in the spring of 1857 Alex 
Grifl'ord shot and killed John Ingles near Iron Hills. In August 1^50 one 
Micheal Carroll stabbed and instantly killed a young German by the name 
of lleitmaii near Lamotte. In January ISRT Samuel S. Cronk was murdered 
near Cottonville for the money lie was supposed to have with him. In I'^Sl 
Charles Towne shot Thomas ICeithly to death in the street of Bellevue. and 
in 1885 David Seeley shot William Horan to death with a pistol on tlie street 
of the same city. Some time later Herman Ellinghouse was indicted for 
kicking the life out of Patsy Cook in Bellevue and, still later Henry Weston 
sliot and killed High Hoover at Harmonv park just outside of Bellevue and 
on the 4th day of J uly, 189t), Christian Kckuriiehe shot and beat to death 
his neigiibors daughter, Minnie Keil, some six miles from Bellevue. In 
April, 1897, Deb Ivoland was clubbed to death in front of his home <i miles 
west of Maciuoketa by (ieorge Morehead. The above is a partial list of the 
homicides that are known to have been committed in this county while 
there has be(Ui (luite a number of cases where persons luwe dissappeared 
from tlie places that had knosvn thorn, for ever, and was believed to havi' 
been made away witli. Tlie wrii^er will review the criuiinal history of 
county iu)t. because we enjoy tliat kind of work, but for the reason thai this 
society desires to preserve tlie bad as weilasthr good history in a condensed 
and tangible form. 



Ninetieth Birthday Anniversary. 



Last Sunday was the ninetieth birthday anniversary of Anson IT. Wilson, 
the oldest iivin^^ pioneer of the Mqauoketa valJey, who came here of his 
own accord as a full grown man. Quite a nuuiber of friends and neighbors 
assembled at his home to help celebrate in a fitting manner so important 
an event. The writer secured the following names of persons present with 
date of their coming to Iowa. 

A. H. Wilson, came to Iowa, 1839. 

A. J. Phillips, " " 1837. 

J. N. Nims, " 1840. 

Mrs. J. N. Nims, " " 1861. 

Nelson Current, " " 1851. 

Mrs. N. Current, " " . 

William Current, " " 1845. 

David Gish, . " 1851. 

J. W. Ellis, ' " " 1852. 

Mrs. J. W. Ellis, " " 1853. 

W. P. Dunlap, " " 1858. 

Mrs. W. P. Dunlap, " " 1841. 

CharlesNoir " " 18G5. 

Mrs. Charles Noir " '* 1802. 

William Botkin " " 18U8. 

Mrs. William Eotkin-' " 1808. 

Wellington Current " " 1850. 

Mrs. W. Current " " 1843. 

Volney Wilson " " 1850. 

Mrs. Volney Wilson " " 1858. 

John B. Phillips " " 1801. 

Mrs. John B. Miller " " 1809. 

A great mnny old pioneers and old settlers were deterred from attend- 
ing on accouiu of tlie cold rainy, disai^recuble day, but those present had a 
very enioyiible time listening to Mr. Wilson's reminiscence of the eariy 
days in the Maijuoketa valley. Uncle Anse, as his friends call liim, was 
feeling line for a man ninety years old, and seemed to enjoy the occasion 
quite as much as his visitors. Co). Dunlap, Bill Botkin and Nott Nims 
also had something to .say wiien tliey could get t he tloor. A splendid ban- 
quet was scr\ed which Tncle Anse said was in contrast to the lirst, meal he 
ate in the valley which consisted of miisli and sweetened water. .VII who 
were present expressed the wish thai he might reach the lOo mark an(i Fiis 
appearance indicated that he might do so. J. W. KLLIS. 



i 



—34 



Groff Commits Murder and is Acquitted. 

(Oomplled for the Jackson County Historical Society by J. W. EUls. Curator.) 

In 1838-39 there was living near the North Fork of the Maquoketa, on 
what later became section one South Fork townsliip, a man by the name of 
Samuel Groff. His cabin stood about 40 rods from where Mrs. Fitch now 
resides. In the same neigiiborhood about one mile north lived one Thomas 
Davis. Both men had families and were very good friends until some time 
in the spring of 1839. In those days there were no bridt^^es and the fords at 
crossing places of the streams were named for the nearest resident to the 
said fords. Davis lived about half a mile from the ford used by people going 
from the forks to Fulton and the crossing was known for many years as the 
Davis Ford. Davis was an energetic kind of man and stood well among the 
people of his acquaintance. Grotf was also an active, prominent man and 
especially prominent in the IMethodist ciiurch and being aif extiorter in that 
persuasion had an extensive ac(iuaintance throughout the county. 

Davis, at one time, had a tine yoke of cattle which he was fattening for 
market, driven off in the night. The oxen were tracked to the vicinity of 
Bellevue and with the assistance of the sheriff and other parties were final- 
ly located in a ravine near Mill Creek. Davis was told that his neighbor 
Grotf and another party by the name of Troft had driven his cattle off and 
brought them to that vicinity. Davis at first could not believe that his 
neighbor Groff for whom he had a friendly feeling could be guilty of such a 
despicable crime. But on his return home he called upon Grotf and inform- 
ed him that he had recovered his cattle, and from Groif's actions he became 
convinced that Groff was guilty, and at once charged him with the crime. 
Groff denied any knowledge of the matter and the neighbors had hot words, 
and parted bitter enemies. Some time after this a party came tvom Illi- 
nois looking for a stolen horse, and Davis sent them to search GrotFs prem- 
ises, sending his son with them. Tlie horse was not found there, but this 
incident iielped to widen the breacli between tlie neighbors. Davis took 
every opi)ortunity to denounce Grolf as a thief, and the fact that Davis 
held possession of a piece of land which (Jroff claimed and that the settle- 
ment of the claim was pending in April, 1S30, and was to be tried in 
"Squire Forbes" .Justice court increase (1 t he enmity. Thv same day that 
trie term of the district court was to begin in Bellevue. April 9th, Squire 
Forbes, who was personally ac(iuainted with botli men, was doing all in his 
power to get tlie men to settle tlieir ditViculty. i^'inally Davis said if it was 
not settled it would not be his fault. 

The Squire went home to make. some change In his attire before the 



35 



time to call the case. In the meantime Groff had borrowed a gun and load- 
ed it and was heard to say that the bullet he loaded it with would be the 
death of Davis. Davis was told of tliese threats, but said Groll was too big 
a coward to shoot unless he could shoot a man in tiie back. But Groll: made 
his word good. lie watched for'an opportunity' and it came. Davis was 
seen walking along the street, and Groll' rested the rille on a picket fence 
and shot Davis in the back tiie ball passing near the heart, and killing him 
in a few minutes. Groif walked cooly down to where his victim lay, and 
was arrested by Sliade Burelson and turned over to the sherill. lie express- 
ed no regret but claimed that Davis tormented him so, and made his life a 
burden, and lie had to kill him. 

The grand jury indicted Grotf on the same day of the murder, and a 
special term of court was set for ttie first Monday in May. In the mean- 
time, Groff was heavily ironed and guarded by volunteers until the time for 
trial came. J. V. Berry was United States district attorney and U. D. 
Parker was Groff's attorney. The case came on for hearing the (3th of May 
and a jury was empanelled on the 7th. The evidence on the part of tlie 
United States was overwhelming but Groff's attorney took the ground that 
his client was insane, and proved up several of Groff's acts that indicated 
that he was insane. The jury was charged on the 9th day of May, 1S;J1», and 
were out but a short time before they agreed upon a verdict. The court 
room was crowded when the jury returued^aud it is safe to say that nine 
out of ten expected a verdict of guilty of murder, and it was like throwing 
a wet blanket on the audience wlien the foreman announced that the jury 
had found the defendant not guilty. The district attorney had the clerk 
call the names of the jurors and each one answered thereto tiiat it was his 
verdict. He then denounced ttiem as a set of perjured villians, and wanted 
the verdict set aside but the prisoner was ordered discharged. 

That night the people of Bellevue hung the jurors in etligy. The coun- 
ty was too hot^i for Groff to stay in, and according to W. A. Warren he went 
to Minnesota and was soon after killed by the Indians. Absalom >ront- 
gomery, one of the jurors, afterwards killed Brown near Maquoketa. A 
friend of tlie writer who liimself was an old pioneer, said that he saw 
Groff in California since the war, and that he was then or had been a Mor- 
mon bishop. So that would, or should show conclusively, that he was not 
killed by Indians. Tlie Davis family liad left the forks prior to 1850. 



.■•Iff ;^^ . -'i''-> 



The Only Legal Execution of the Death Penalty in Jack- 
son County. 

(Written by J. W. Ellis for Jackson County fiistorical Society.) 

Although tliere has been several sentences passed by tlie courts of Jack- 
son county, there has never been but one carried out up to this time, and 
that was the case of Josepli T. Jackson for the killing of Xenophon Perkins 
in the winter or spring of 1S42. Xenophon Perkins and Zopher Perkins 
were living, as far back as 1839, on the soutii fork of the Maqiioketa in sec- 
tion 13 Monmouth township, and Joseph T. Jackson was living in a cabin 
that belonged to the Perkins on the opposite side of the river. 

Jackson and Zopher Perkins were great friends at one time, working 
together and hunting together, on one occasion they went to Dubuque with 
a team and wagon or sled, and on their homeward journey they passed a 
place where a quantity of pig-lead had been hauled to tlie top of the hill 
from the smelter for shipment. There was no one near to watch tiie proper- 
ty and Perkins proposed to Jackson that they take a pig of the lead home 
with them for bullets. The proposition meeting with Jackson's approval, 
they took the lead. 

Some time after March. Jackson and Zopher fell out over some trivial 
matters, and in order to even up things with Jackson, Perkins tiled an in- 
formation accusing Jackson of the crime of larceny in the stealing tfie lead 
from the Dubuque parties and notifying the Dubuque people. At the trial 
of the case before a justice of the peace, Thomas Coffee, Zoplier testified 
that Jackson stole the lead and Xenoohon Perkins swore that Jackson told 
him that he (Jackson) had stolen ttie lead, and that Zopher had nothing to do 
with tlie stealing of it. Jackson was terribly incensed at the treachery and 
false swearing of his former friends, and especially at Xenophon, to whom he 
said: "Xen. Perkins, you have sworn to a lie, and you know it; now mark 
my words I'll kill you for it." 

The next morning after the trial the I'erkins brothers had occasion to 
pass the cabin of Jackson as part of their feed was .stored on that siile of 
tlie river, and they kept some stock over tliere. The river was fro/en, and 
they crossiid on tne ice. As i hey passed .lnckson's cabin they taunted him 
with being a tliief, and dared him out of the house. Jack.son was in imi 
and did not get up at first, but when they came back from feedhig, and le- 
peated their insults, he hurried into his clothes and seizing a small pistol 
from over the door rushed out. When the Perkins saw ttie pistol thry ran 
for liome pursued by .lacKs'in. . I ust- as they reached (he opposite bank of 
the river, Zoph Perkins, vvtio was behind, turned on Jackson and struck 



him on the head with a club making an ugly wound which partially stun- 
ned him. Jackson pointed the gun at Xenophon, who was twelve or fifteen 
steps distant, and tired inflicting a wound wiiich caused his death in a fesv 
days. Jackson went back to his eabin and Zoph went up to Shade Burle- 
son's on horseback and called for a gun, telling Burleson that Jackson had 
shot his ^brother and that he wanted a gun to defend iiimself with. 'The 
gun was loaned him and Burleson and his son, William, went across through 
the woods to Perkins' cabin. Zopher's wife had helped Xen. into the house 
and a doctor was sent for. 

Zopher Perkins reached the cabin just ahead of the Burleson's and lean- 
ed the gun against the fence. Burlesons' arrived a minute later and could 
hear the groans of the wounded man in the cabin and heard Zopher say, ''I 
can't stand this, I must have revenge." Shade Burleson picked up the gun 
and tired it off, the report bringing Zopher to the door and he demanded 
why Burleson had tired off the gunV Burleson said to him, "You stay here 
and take care of your brother, if you attempt to cross the river Jackson is 
armed and will kill you." 

The Burlesons started across the river to Jackson's cabin, but were chal- 
lenged by Jackson, who demanded to know whether they came as friends or 
enemies. Sliade responded that they were friends, and Jackson admitted 
them. Burleson asked Jackson why he didnt' get on a horse and lly, from 
the country; told liim that the fact of his killing Perkins after making 
the threat he had the day befroe would be against him, and advised him 
to fly while there was time. But Jackson insisted that he had onjy acted 
in self defense, and would not run away. 

Jackson was arreted and kept in custody ot the sheriff, there being no 
county jail, until the June term of court, when he was indicted by the 
grand jury on the 7th day of the month. A special term of court for the 
trial was convened on the 1.3th of June, and a jury was empanuelled on that 
day, and the trial of the case begun. The jury was charged on the PJth 
and brought in a verdict of guilty of murder. A motion was made to set 
aside the verdict and grant a new trial. Judge Wilson set the ISth for 
argument on the motion for a ne>v trial. After hearing the arguments 
on that day he overrulci the motion and passed judgement as follows: 
"That the dolendant, Joseph T. Jackson, be taken hence, and remain in 
the close custody of the sheriff of the county until the l.lth day of July 
next, on which day it is further ordered by the court that the said Joseph 
T. Jackson shall be taken from tlie place of contiriement by the said sheriff, 
between the hours of ten of the clock a. m. and two of the clock p. m., to 
some place within the town of Andrew, Jackson county, Iowa Territory, 
and hanged by the neck until tie siiall be dead." 

There was a general feeling of sympathy for Jackson, and some went 
so far as to say, that he done a good deed in ridding the country of I'erkins, 
as the Perkins' were u bad lot, t)ut there had becMi a porfin't holocau>t of 
murders committed in the county, and no atonement, and It w;is felt that 
some one must be made an example of. Samuel ilroff had shot liis ncigti- 
bor, Thomas Davis, to di at h on the streets of nellevue, and was cleared hv 
a jury. James Mitcliell had killed James Thompson on the streets of tlie 



38 



same town, and was found not guilty at the same term of court at which 
Jackson was convicted. The tight between the factions in which a dozen 
men were t:illed or seirously wounded, and those of the victorious faction 
not only exonerated for their part in the strife, but were made heroes by 
the pen of the wily sheriff, VV. A. Warren. 

On the 15th day of July. 1842, the little town of An row was thraiig(!d 
with men and women from far and near to witness a public execution, 
Capt. Mallard's company of United States Volunteers were present to 
preserve order. The prisoner was confined in the upper story of Butter- 
worth's log hotel from which he was taken after dinner, and escorted by 
the volunteers to the place of execution. Tliere was no provision made by 
the county commissioners for tiie expense of a scaffold, and the sheriff liad 
to utilize a tree from which a rope was suspended witli a noose. Jackson 
was placed on a box in a wagon under the tree, the rope was adjusted 
around his neck, and the wagon pulled from under him. Jackson liad been 
told that if his neck was not broken the doctor would resuscitate him; that 
he would be cut down in thirty minutes and the doctor would take charge 
of him and bring him back to life. With this idea in his mind JacUson 
laid his head back in the rope in away to prevent there being any slack, 
and of course iiis neck was not broken but the sherill' let him hang more 
than thirty niinutes and until such time as he was dead, in accordance with 
the sontenc f the court. 

The execution of Jackson took place nearly 04 years ago, but there are 
some people living in Maquoketa now who witnessed it. Calvin Teeple was 
first lieutenant and commanded the company of soldiers who participated in 
this hanging. Mrs. Joel Higgins of Dubuque county was also an eye witness, 
and has a vivid recollection of the tragic scene as did E. D. Shinkle, and 
there are doubtless many more in the county. 

Xenophon Perkins had entered the laud on which S. N. Crane lived and 
prospered for so many years, but in entering land those days ihe person had 
to swear that they were obtaining it for tlieir own use, and had not. bar- 
gained nor sold it: but it appeared iie had sold this claim and others claim- 
ed it and a lawsuit was the result. The case was tried in Dubuciue, and the 
papers sent on to Washington. Before judgment was rendered I'erkins was 
killed. Tlie department decided that Perkins forfeited the claim and the 
money that he had paid for. it, conse(iuently the government got .?2.50 per 
acre for that quarter section. Henry Mallard we believe entered tliat land, 
and on' one occasion Mallard and Calvin Teeple and Vosburg began breaking 
on the claiDi with cattle. Teeple was driving ttie cattle, and while passing 
near a clump of bushes the report of a ritle rang out, and the bullet struck 
one of the oxen back of tlie shoulder, passing through the backbone as the 
shot was almost in line with where Teeule was walking there was little 
doubt but what the shot was intended for him. When tlie plowmen got to 
the end of the land. Mallard sat down by the water pail and said to Teeple 
and Vosburg, 'T'li take care of the water and you go and see who tired the 
shot." 

A glance over the old dist rict court doi'kets in those tiM ritorial davs con- 
vinces one that luiman life was heUi very eheap at that.time. .ludge l'hos. S. 



39 



Wilson was the presiding- jud^?e for many years'and his docket would be a 
fortune for a relic hunter. At nearly every term of court some one would 
De indicted for murder or assault with intent to kill. The party indicted 
would be called into court and enter into a recognizance to appear at the 
next term, and after the case had been continued a few time, the defendant 
by his attorney, would move the coiirt that the indictment be quashed, and 
the court would order and adjudge that the case be quashed, and the defen- 
dant went forth free Of all the men indicted for murder while Wilson was 
on the bench, poor Jackson was the only one to suffer for his crime, and 
Jackson had neither friends or money. When he had abandoned all hope of 
reprieve or executive interierance he made the followinj^ confession wliich 
the writer copied from the Andrew Courier, a paper published in Andrew 
at that time. 

"I Joseph T. Jackson, being of sound health, both in body and mind, 
do in view of the shortness of the time 1 have to live, make tlie following 
confession, as the last act of my life, whatever is stated here is subtantialiy 
correct, perhaps there may be a slight variation in date of some of tlie early 
transactions of my lif*^, but the substance matter is correct and written by 
my particular request. 

"I was born on the 2Sth of November, 1 01, in Madison county, Ken- 
tucky, and raised in the county of Bourbon, 10 miles east of Paris, IK^ miles 
north o North Middleton, and was engaged in transacting business imd 
droving in and from the last mentioned county for Lindsey and Hutchcraft. 
While I lived in Kentucky 1 lived a peaceable life, and nothing was ever 
alleged against me there that I know of. In 1825 I was married to Nancy 
Neal. In 18?8 we moved to Sangamon county, Illinois, where I followed 
my above business for A. Meredith and A. G. Slow & Company of Alton. 
I also done business for myself in driving stock to the mines. There we 
lived in peace and contentment for several years, and then meeting with 
several losses of property and through the interferences of the friends of my 
wife caused her and I to live a disagreeable life, siie claiming a divorce 
from me, and after claiming it a number of times we mutually agreed to 
part. I then removed to Wisconsin and after being there some time made 
an agreement with Mary Ambler to marry her but never could from the 
fact that I had never been divorced from my former wife. 1 then with 
Mary Ambler removed to Iowa Territory calculating at the spring term of 
court to get a divorce from my lormer wife and marry the said Mary Am- 
bler. 'Twas then the commencement of ray misfortune took place. The 
misfortune referred to I will here enumerate. 

"On the 30th of November, Zopher I'erkins and my^■elt' were coming 
from Dubu(iue, and at the toot of Hamilton hill the said Perkins stole a pig 
of lead. I endeavored to dissuade him from retaining it. He peisiste(i in 
keeping it and hid it in his sleigh until he got within a half mile or such 
a matter of home, lie then hid it in the hollow of a log. I then feelifig 
dis.sat/isfied about, the mat ter. inasmuch as I was in company with him. 
mentioned it to Mary Ambler. She advised me on account of his wile and 
family to say nothing about it as it would injure Mie cliaracter of his daugh- 
ters who were grown up. On the 4th day of December 1 showed Isnac Dye 



and Jorasley Crawford where Perkins put the lead he had stolen. I then in- 
quired of them what I should do in sucli a case, they replied that they 
would say uothing about it on account of his fanaily. I tiien from tlie ad- 
ice of the three above named persons concluded to say nothinof about it. 
Some days after that time Mr. David Scott and myself were goinj? to Dubu- 
que, and I still not feeling satisfied about the lead alfair I named it to him, 
and advised with him as to what he would do in such a case. He replied 
that on account of Zopher Perkins family he would let it alone a while. I 
then advised him to say nothing about it, fearing that Perkins would take 
advantage of it. 

Scott, however, afterwards told it to Joshua Beer, and he meeting 
Perkins asked Beer where he had been. Beer told him that he had been to 
Goerge Long's to see wno it was that followed Perkins and myself from Du- 
buque. Perkins asked Beer what for. Beer told him something about a 
piece of lead, then l*erkins drove his team on to Tiiomas ('olfee's turned 
out his cattle, and went back home to get another yoke of cattle. lie came 
back tliat night bringing no other cattle with him, and went off to Squire 
Taylor's and tiled an atlidavit against me for having stolen property in my 
possession. I appeared on trial and finding there was no signature on tiie 
affidavit plead for non suit, the justice refused to grant it, saying the 
signature to atlidavit was not necessary. I told him that was the law de- 
siring him to refer to it which he refused to do. lie gave judgment against 
me requiring me to give security or go to jail. I gave security and then told 
Squire Taylor that Zopher Perkins was the man that stole the lead, and de- 
manded a writ against him which Taylor refused to give. I then went to 
Squire Nathan Sade and tiled an affidavit demanding a writ against Zopiier 
Perkins for stealing the lead. He was brought before the aforesaid jus- 
tice and succeeded in having the trial put off seven days, on account of 
the absence of his brother wliich he wanted for a witness. On the 7th 
day we appeared for trial, judgment was rendered against Zoplier Perkins 
for stealing the lead, and at the instance of tlie magistrate lie was bound 
over to keep the peace. 

The next morning after this trial Zopher and Xenophon Perkins 
came over to my liouse before daylight cursing and swearing, saying 
Jackson and his wife had sworn to so many damn lies they are holed 
up and dare not come out. The fiimily being aroused by the noise awak- 
ened me. I got up put on my clothes and went out and told Zopher Perk- 
ins he was doing wrong, to recollect that last night he was bound owv to 

keep the i)eace, he said g d the peace, and then called out, Xen. come 

and attend to .hickson, I told him he UGvd not call to Xrn. for I did not 
want any luss with tlu m. 1 turntni to uo into the housi' wIumi Xon. came 
running around the yard irnce. 1 passed him going into the housi^ and 
just as I raised my toot to step over the yard fence Xen. threw something 
and struck me in the back. I then whirled and pitciied at him. TIhti /.o- 
pher and Xenophon both ran. In pitching afier them down the steep t)ank 
of the rivi-r I went with such force onto the ice that. I eould not. stop my- 
self until I got onto the opposite hank. 1 thru turiietl and walke d two or 
three steps bai'k from them towards my own house. After I had turned 1 



41 



turned my face back towards them to see where they were and they both 
struck me with clubs over the head which knocked me blind. I drew my i 
pistol out of my pocket and tired with a view of scarinj^ them away until I | 
could get out of their reach, havi-ug- no intention of killing either of them 
when I tired my pistol. As for Zopher Perkins stating that I took deliber- 
ate aim, it is false. I do not believe that the lapse of time exceeded live 1 
minutes from the time of the conversation between them and myself and 
the end of the alfray. I will now give a statement of the evidence adduced 
which was incorrect. 

"Zopher Perkins stated that they came over to my house peaceably; 
this was false which you may see from the former statement above made by 

me. He also stated that I said Zopher Perkins g d your soul, did I 

not tell you not to cross the river. This is also false Three or four other 
times previous to that morning they came over to my house to raise a quar- 
rel, at which times I went out of the way and would have went out that 
morning had I been out of bed. To Mrs. Dutell's evidence it is false; as 
there never was any conversation between her and myself on the subject, 
having conversed with Peter Dutell previous to the trial he told me that 
Zopher Perkins was such a liar that he could not be believed, and was a very 
low character, and his oath should not be taken and now wlien he was on 
this trial stated that Perkins was a good character; one of his statements 
must have been false. Henry G. Mallard came to me personally himself at 
Corbett's and stated that he was summoned as a witness in my case: he 
stated to me tha,t neither of tiie Perkins' could be believed under oath, and 
that he should have to swear that at the trial, and requested me to tell my 
lawyer how to put the question to him. He also stated that they were very 
low characters, but when called on at the trial his evidence was that he 
would have to believe them, one or tlie other of his statements must have 
been wrong. I take the testimony of Elizabeth Perkins to be entirely false 
from tlie fact that I believe it impossbile that she could see anything of the 
alfray from where she said she stood. 

"As my time is short I must come to a close, and in conclusion I give my 
religious sentiments, ^fy present belief is that all mankind shall be happy | 
hereafter. But I wish to have the public distinctly understand that what- ; 
ever I have done that is wrong in the sad allair that has brousjrht me to my 
unfortunate condition, or may have done in other respects, is not to be 
ascribed to my belief, and 1 would say most solemnly and in the presence of 
God that 1 am sorry for these wrongs, and would make all the restitution 
in my power. I have not been a member of a Universalist church or socie- 
ty, nor has my life been such in all respects as that of a Universalist." 



t 



.1 1v 



„ ,. , f ... 1 



Iowa's First Grist Mill a Primitive Affair. 

(Written by Farmer Buckhorn for the Jackson County Historical Society.) 

When the very first settlers came into the BJack Hawk purchase, there 
vvas nothing here but the wild sod and wild game. Their rifles and fishing- 
tackle was their main means of suf)sistence until the wild sod could l)e turn- 
ed and a sod crop raised of corn and potatoes. Potatoes were dropcd in the 
furrow and the next furrow the plow made covered them. Corn was plant- 
ed by chopping into tlie edge of the furrows, the corn dropped into the open- 
ing and covered by closing the opening by stepping the foot upon it. In 
that way a little crop without cultivation was gathered the first season. 
As wheat flour was an unknown quantity, corn bread had to be depended 
upon. As there was no kind of a mill in the whole territory some device 
had to be resorted to in order to reduce tbe whole corn to meal. In many 
instances only the primitive mortar and pestle of the Indians was used. 
The first icuproveuaent over tliC Indian method of which there seems to be 
any account was constructed by Beniamin \\. Clark in the fall of 1S33. Ac- 
cording to Capt. W. L. Clark of Bullalo, liis father cut a butt olf a log about 
three foot across, hollowed out a mortar by chipping and burning that would 
hold half a l)ushel or less of corn. A smallish pole several feet long was 
bound at one end witli a ring and that end driven full of iron wedges of 
some kind. A hole was bored through near that end and a wooden pin some 
two or three feet long inserted, the other end of the pole -pestle was fastened 
aloft to the end of a sweep making a contrivance very much like tlie old 
fashioned well sweep that carried the ''old oaken bucket." Corn was placed 
into the nollovved out end of the log but, then two men would take hold of 
the ends of the wooden pin and work tlie heavy pestle, by the aid of the 
sweep, up and down on the grain soon reducing a (juantity to meal. (This 
was about tlie same mill the I>il>le spekas (^f wiiere two women wore "grind- 
ing at the mill and one was taken and the other left."') 

This mill was undoulttedly the nearest, approach to a grist mill within 
tile present bounds of Iowa in ISij;}, and was in use over a year until a small 
motor mill was built on Crow crerk by two men, Davis and llaskt'il. It 
shows to what straits the earliest settlers were put, in order to subsist. 




Ik} .i-Vu'^ 



■WOT; 



Excitement Over Jackson County Gold Finds in 1859. 



It was in 1859 that rain was so abundant that farmers found it very 
difficult to plant their crops. It rained nearly every day for more than 
three months. The streams and even the dry ravines were full of water 
most all the time, and were so thoroughly washed that the water was clear 
instead of being riled with mud. And this constant washing brought out 
many specimens of lead mineral which might readily be found in the beds 
of the ravines. These specimens were most abundant in tiie vicinity of Can- 
ton and especially along Black Hawk creek, one mile east of Canton, on 
and around the site where the warrior, Black Hawk, camped in the winter 
prior to his subsequent defeat in .Tones county. 

The finding of the float mineral in tliese parts in such abundance creat- 
ed a good deal of interest among the sanguine prospectors, and it was two 
years later in LS61 at the breaking out of .the war, that I left Canton late in 
the evening with my team, that I overtook an old neighbor, a cooper by 
trade, who I asked to ride with me. TTis name was Johnson. When we came 
to the old Black Hawk camp for the road run through it, Mr. Johnson call- 
ed a halt and said to me, "Wagoner, I want to tell you a secret if you 
promise not to give it away." I told him that nothing could induce me to 
betray contidence unless it would be to uncover crime. But Mr. Johnson 
told me "there is no crime to cover or uncover, but it is covered lead min- 
eral, which I covered two years ago not 40 rods from here, tliat was washed 
bare in 1859, and exists in large and solid quantities." Now said Johnson, 
"If you will agree to furnish the means to buy 40 acres of the land that is 
so rich in mineral which can now be bought for less than $.300 dollars, I 
will show you the place at any time that you will go with me. And I will 
agree to make you an equal partner in the profits in the mine." 

I told Mr. Johnson if the prospect was as good as he represented it, I 
would furnish the means to buy the land. iUit this great secret, is still 
a secret. It was at this time that the government made a call for .')00,000 
volunteer to crush the rebellion, that Johnson enlisted entered the array, 
and I never saw him again, for he died in the service in the same year. But 
not only was tloat mineral found in many places but gold dust was a l.>o found 
in the sands washeci down the througli the gulehes that same year, wlnle 
the wet weal her last ed an<l I saw a largc'number of specimens that were 
washed by prospectors who used aiilk pans for separtaing the shining parti- 
cles, and on one occasion I met G. W. Martin engaged in wastiing for gold 
near Black llasvk creek. I watched him a little wliilc and I saw him wash 



I '''' 



from one pan of sand three particles as large as a grain of sand. He tlien 
showed me a vial in which he had 33 specimens tiiat he had washed out 
that day in his milk pan. These particles were large enough to rattle the 
vial when shaken. I afterward procured a specimen found by one John 
Sinkey that he found between some Hat stones that were in the .bed of 
Black Hawk creek, which he raised with a stone pick. I paid him a dol- 
lar for the sample. It was as large as a small grain of wheat and its intrin- 
sic value about 35 cents. I sent this sample to my brottier who was tiien 
living in Pittsburg, Pa. The Pittsburg papers at that time were already 
full of wild stories of the marvelous linds of gold and lead mineral in Jack- 
son county, Iowa, and many of these stories were magnified by the report- 
ers from mole hill to mountain. 

My brother took tlie specimen I sent him to a silversmith who tried 
its purity and pronounced it a genuine article of pure gold. This nugget as 
the reporters afterward called it, the jeweler kept in his store on exliibi- 
tion, one of the reports gave the intrinsic value of the nugget at $5.00, and 
this put all Pittsburg in an uproar and the newspapers were tilled with mar- 
velous stories of the finds in the newly discovered gold regions of Jackson 
county, Iowa. But the breaking out of the war quashed the gold excitement 
and it has lain dorment ever since. But these new gold regions were after- 
wards examined by practical returned miners from California who said 
that it was impossible to make a fair test by the clumsy process of the milk 
pan and that it would require the use of the Long Tom. 

This is a device consisting of a sluice box about 100 feet long, one foot 
wide and six inches or more in depth In the bottom there are creases cut 
crosswise which catch the heavier material as it passes througli tlie Tom 
and lodges in the creases. This process requires an abundant supply of wat- 
er, and is worked similar to the slacking of lime for plastering purposes. 
After the day's washing is done through the Long Tom, tlie miner now 
gathers his day's work by thorouglily scraping the sand and gold dust out 
of the creases and by a process in which quick silver is used, separates the 
gold from the sand. In California where water Is not abundant the miners 
frequenlj cart tiie dirt for miles to some stream where water can be pro- 
cured. 

It is the opinion of the writer as well as some others that if the above 
decsribed process were tried that gold in paying quantities could be obtain- 
ed along Black Hawk creek in the western part of Jacks<.^n county, Iowa. 

LEVI WAGONER. 



t. — 



TERRITORIAL PIONEERS. 



The Rev. Charles E. Brown Who Came to the Porks of the 
Maquoketa as Baptist Missionary in 1842. 

(Written by Farmer Buckhorn for the Jacksou Oounty Historical Society.) 

When, in writing the past of some prominent man, it becomes necessary 
as is sometimes the case, to expose only the deiip:iitful views as seen on 
life's broadway screening the alleys with silent lies, it is not a pleasant 
duty to perform. It is a positive delight to turn to such a man as Cliarles 
Edwin Brown, whose whole eventful busy life was as an open book with 
each side of every leaf turned a clean page. At his own request iie was 
appointed missionary to iowa territory in 1842. He left the comforts of 
an older community, and brought the gospel into the sparsely settled re- 
gion of the Maquoketa valley, and spread it into distant wjldernoss parts, 
going on foot or by rude conveyances many miles over trackless prairies, 
through forests and across bridgeless waters, sometimes swimming swollen 
streams. 

He organized and became the pastor of the lirst Baptist church of tlie 
Maquoketa region, which was also tlie lirst in tlie territory embraced in 
Jackson, Clinton and Jones counties. This church was organized at the 
house of \Vm. Y. Earle, three miles southwest of Maquoketa. He organiz- 
ed the first Sunday school in Clirjton county. His labors were not wliolly 
confined to spiritual needs for he was intensely interested in educational 
matters. With his own hands lie helped fell the trees and hew the logs 
and erect the first scliool house in Jackson and Clinton counties near 
Wrigiit's corners. He went east to York state to seek aid in building tlie 
tirst academy at Maquoketa, and was one of its trustees. His good wife aiid 
others, among them Mrs. J. E. Ooodcnow and Mrs. Sophia Shaw, boarded 
free of charge the workmen who workod\Mi (he structure in order to curiail 
expenses of building. 

His coming meant much for eastern Iowa, and especially Jackson coun- 
ty, as undoubtedly it pointed the way to otlu-rs who became life long resi- 
dents of these parts and reared families of useful cit i/.ens and ornaments to 
society, and some have become prominent. We believe that neither (\ E. 
Hrown's parents, nor l)rothers, ever came 1mm(> to ri\side as his father and 



several of his brotliers were ministers ol" the gospel laboring- in other fields. 
His wife, E'rances Lyon-Brown, however, was a sister of Mrs. Truman A. 
N. Walker, a lifelong and respected resident near Maqiioketa. 

Their son, Nelson Walker, In company with George D. Lyon, brotlier 
of Mrs. Brown, was in tlie mercantile business in MaquoReta in an early 
day and died there a the home of C. E. Brown. Another son George Walk- 
er, in later years was a member of the Washington state legislature and 
had the honor of naming Idaho. Mrs. Brown svas also the sister of Mrs. 
James O. DeGrush another pioneer and lifelong resident near Maquoketa, 
mother of Fred DeGrush, Civil war veteran and a lifelong worker here as an 




REV. C. E. BROWN. 



educator. Mrs. Brown was also the sister of Mrs. Stephen W. Brown tnot 
related to the pastor) of Little Falls, N. Y., who was the mother of the 
late Mrs. -lulia Dunham of Matiuoketa. 

In tlie Rev. I'rown's own family there were (hose who like their father 
became distinguished and usi^ul to (he world giving tiie lie to ttiat old saw, 
"for a devil give us a preacher's son." 'I'wo of his sons serveil tijcir coun- 
try during the Civil w;ir. After tlu^ war Charles I*, ihown was many years 
a faithful and successful revenue agent and is now a successful business 
man of Ott um wa, lo^va. .lames I). Biowti was for many ye.irs a trusted, 
respected agent of the C. M. \- St. V. \l. U. Co. at Lime Springs. Iowa. 



,1 „iV^.w.i 



I 



47 



W. C. Brown coramRnced as telegraph operator and by perseverance rose to 
be General Superintendent of all tne JJurlinj^ton lines of railroad in Iowa, 
and is now vice-president and general manager of the New York Central 
Railway. These sons of the Rev. Brown had no backing only their own 
efforts and noble (jualities inherited and instilled into tliem by thei.r par- 
ents. 

Though Maquoketa wis the Rev. Brown's li;st tiold of labor in Iowa, it 
was not his only one. He spent several years at Divenport and did much 
work there and at Rock Island and LeClaire, and afterwards at Vernon and 
Lime Springs in Howard county. From that countv in 1^77, lie was eiected 
to represent the county in the 17th general assembly of Iowa. In the ses- 
sion following among other work he introduced a resolution to amend the 
state constitution so as to authorize a majority of a jury to bring in a ver- 
dict in civil case?. It passed the House but was pigeonholed in the Setiate, 
as a great many other things are which should become law. 

He took the ground that in the early history of the jury system the una- 
nimity rule governing verdicts was not known, tliat a majority of the jury 
was competent to deliver a verdict, was the rule in Kngland for many years 
and still the rule in different European coimtries. 'i'he unanimity rule wa-^ 
the result of gradual changes in the system by designing self interest to pro- 
tract litigation and was contrary to the principles of a republican form of 
government in which, as in this country, a majority must of right rule. 
It often defeated the ends of justice by hanging the jury or by leading men 
to return a verdict contrary to their honest convictions rather than be kept 
virtual prisoners an indelinite length of time. We have not space iiere to re- 
produce the entire plea for the measures which was eloquent and fraught 
with much sound reasoning. 

There is much in our own recollections and more in that of other old 
settlers to eulogize the Rev. Brown, who often preached here at J>uckhorn. 
For the details of his comirig and pioneer work we are especially aided by a 
brief account written by himself to please his children and a few copies pub- 
lished in book form at their expense to distribute among immediate mem- 
bers of the family as souvenirs. The copy I have been allowed to use is in 
the Walker family, it is brief but every patre calls up to intelligent minds 
so much endured by pioneers, so much of historical interest not only lo the 
student of theological history but civil as well, that volumes seem i)assing 
before the metital vision. It is a modest, simple description of a noble 
life's work, and is of great value to thosii interested in early religious and 
civil history of eastern Iowa and reads like rouunice IL it was tsvice ;is 
long it would be well worth a place in the Annals of Jackson Countv. We 
will copy mostly form it as it is much belter com|)iled than one like mo can 
do, who only received a little *'oil of hickory" and district school education 
with grammar entirely left out as a not to be enduicd ullliclioii. 

TKusoNAL ki:minis('KN'( i:s wiurri'N \\\ ukv ciivui-iw c.u i\v\ 1S|:{ is:»;; 

"To the memory of mv b(>loved wife, Frances Lvon i>rown, who for 
nearly ha'f a cerilury sharoii with me the trials and hardshi|)sof pioneer life, 
whoso lo\ing, cheertui presence made; I hi> frontier cal>in i he happiest o\ 



homes, and whose happy hopeful disposition found a silver lining to every 
cloud, however dark, these reminiscences are lovinL^ly inscribed. 

I write this at the solicitation of my children and commence it this 23d 
day of February, 1893, the 80th anniversary of my birth. For several con- 
siderations I am admonished to be brief. I was born the 23d of Febi'uary, 
1813, in the town of Augusta, Oneida county, N. Y. My father, the Rev. 
Phillip Perry Brown, was born in the town of Bennington, Yt., and died 
September 1876, at Madison, Madison Co., N. Y., aged 86. For over tifty 
years he was a successful pastor of Baptist churches in central New York. 
My mother, Betsy Dickey, born in Weatherstield, Vt., was a descendant of 
the Scotch-Irish Dickey, who emigrated from Londonderry, north of Ireland 
and settled in Londonderry, New Hampshire, betore the Revolutionary war. 
My good mother died in Hamilton, N. Y., April, 1862, aged 74. I am the 
second of nine children— six sons and three daugViters. The two youngest 
and myself are the only ones now living (1893). Two brothers are buried at 
Port Byron, Rock Island Co., III., one brother at St. Louis, Mo., one in 
Newport, Herkimer Co., N. Y., one sister in Litchtield, Herkimer Co., N. 
Y., one sister at Lime Springs, Howard Co , la. My parents arc buried at 
Madison, Madison Co., N. Y. 

Before my recollection my parents moved to Smitlitield, Madison county, 
N. Y., a new country heavily timbered. In the midst of poverty, or very 
limited means, and the hardships incident to sucii a new country I lived un- 
til past 18 years of age. Our sugar was made from the sap of the maple. 
Our luxuries were the flour short cake, the nut cake and the sweetened 
Johhnnie cake, luxuries not often indulged in. In the full, we were favored 
with samp and milk— sometimes had a mess of brook trout. Our youthful 
sports consisted in apple pearings, snap and catch buttons, drop the hand- 
kerchief and like sports, sliding down hills and attending spelling schools. 
Our school books consisted of Webster's spelling book, the English reader, 
and Daboll's arithmetic. The family was blessed with good health the phy- 
sician was seldom called. My father became pastor of the Baptist Church 
in Augusta in the fall of 1829. During the summer and fall of 1831 I work- 
ed as a farm hand for a farmer by the name of Danford Armour. 

The Armour farm was at the summit of what was known as the *'mile 
hill," the grade commencing at Lelands Tavern afterwards known as the 
"Five Chimney House," near the top of the 'mile iiill" the road forked the 
main road for quite a distance running southwest then south the other 
running due west. 

The Armour farm lay along tlie west side of this west road, and was 
bounded on the east by the main road, then called the "Peterboro turn- 
pike,." The liouse was a small one, being one and a lialf story and un paint- 
ed. A small kitchen and two small rooms below and a kind of a store room 
and one small bed room above. An old-fashioned chimney and fireplace in 
the south end, witli a ladder leading to the chamber standing at the side of 
the fireplace. 

Two little boys in dresses, named Simeon and Watson, arid a little jjirl 
baby in the mothers arms together wit. h the father and mother made up 



the family. Tlie following year a third boy was born, called Phillip D. the 
home was a very happy though an humble one. 

The parents of Danford Armour came at an early date from New Eng- 
land to Nesv York, which at that time was "out west". Many years later 
Danford returned to Connecticut to find a helpmate who was ^liss Julia A. 
Brooks, a daughter of a thrifty well-to-do Yankee farmer. I feel the inci- 
dents are especially worth notice when I realize tlie in/Iuence for good 
throughout the west wliich the three little boys above mentioned nave exalt- 
ed during the last twenty-tive years. Phillip D., Simeon B. and A. \V. Ar- 
mour have honored the name they bear and the place tliat gave them birth 
and are an honor to the sturdy New England stock from wliich they sprang. 
When I left the employ of Mr. Armour there was due me for four months 
work $32.00, which was paid me in cash. 

VVitliin a A'eek from the time I received this money, I met an acqain- 
tance, who knew of the amount I had received, and who wanted to borrow 
just that amount . lie plead so earnestly and made such fair promises to pay 
in a short time I let him have the money. It has been on interest ever 
since. I went to Augusta late in the fail to learn the tanning, currying and 
shoe making business with Ifazzard Wilber, a deacon of my fatlier's church. 
In the month of September, 1832, in a three days' revival meeting, became 
a christian with many others and was baptized by my father, and was soon 
impressed with the conviction it was my duty to preacli the gospel and in a 
few weeks entered Hamilton literary and theological seminary, now Colgate 
University. In the spring of 1833 Prof. Daniel Haskell, started a manual 
labor scliool at Florence Oneida county, for the benefit of poor young men. 
I entered that school. During term time out of school hours my roommate 
joined me in choppng down the big trees and preparing them for logging. 
During vacation, with a hired yoke of oxen, we logged and cleared the land, 
* and thus paid a pare of the expense of our educaton. Three winters 1 
taught school, in the winter of 1834-35, I taught in Pittston at the head of 
the Wyoming Valley in Luzern county, Pa., in sight of Pittston across the 
Susquehanna river the Wyoming Massacre of the settlers by the British 
tories and Indians occured .luly, 1778. 

Among the little girls carried awav by the indians was Francois Slocuni, 
One of my pupils, a young lady, was a niece of this Francis Slacum. Fifty 
seven years had passed and no inteligence had ever been received of Francis 
Slocum. Some eight or ten years after this she was found nmong the rem- 
nents of a tribe of Indians in Tndianii. the wife of an Indian, and the moth- 
er of grown up cliildren. A brother and sister from Petmsylvania visited 
her at her Indian home and tried to induce her to go and spend ttio small 
balance of her life with tliem, but she declined preferring to remain with 
her children. 

In 1838 I held revival meetings in the townshi|> of Franktort. llerkinnM- 
county four or five miles west of Frankfort village. A gc»od helper in these 
meetings was old Fat her Harvey, a license*! preacher \(H years old. IHs 
wife (second marriage) was so mucti vonnger than iiimself. her family op- 
posed the marriaut^ for t,he reasons she would soon have a holplo*<>- old man on 
her hands to caie for. She had become old and frrhle a?id Father Harvov 



being much the smarter and more active had a feeble old lady on his hands 
to care for which he did with the utmost tenderness and love. After this 
Father Harvey preached in Utica and other places. 

In rising in tiie pulpit, as in his younger days, the first thing was to 
take oil his coat. I love to think of these school house revivals, with the 
minds eye, I can see Father IJarvey in his ciiair in front of the school house 
desk. With the minds ear, 1 can hear Father Harvey's tender and heart 
moving voice in prayer and exhortation During the months of April and 
May of 18.38, preached for the Baptist church in Frankfort At this time 
my father, then pastor in Litchfield eight miles south of Utica, was engag- 
ed in revival meetings at Little Falls twelve miles below Frankfort on the 
Mohawk river. The meetings were interesting and powerful. I went down 
to witness the display of God's saving mercy and help in the good work. 
From Frankfort (bridge over the Mohawk) to Little Falls, was my first 
lide on a railroad. The rails were made of wood with a strap of iron about 
the width and thickness of a cart tire on top. The passenger coaches con- 
sisted of two apartments, each having cross seats facing each other. The 
passenger on one seat riding backwards. The conductor, while collecting 
tickets, walked on a plank outside and held onto an iron rail under the 
eaves of tlie coach. Arriving at Little l^'alls, 1 went directly to the church 
where tiie meetings were held. After the services I was taken to the home 
of Mr. Stephen M. Brown, sheriff of Herkimer county for entertainment 
and with the understanding it would be my home wliile 1 remained in the 
place. Though of the same name we were entire strangers and that was 
my first visit at Little Falls. Meeting with a cordial reception, 1 very 
soon felt at home. Mr. Brown's family, consisted of himself and wife, 
Francis Lyon and George D. Lyon brother and sister of Mrs. Brown. ("It 
was this chance meeting ot Francis Lyon that eventually done so much for 
Iowa.") George had been a member of the Baptist church for some time. 
Francis, then twenty-five years of age, was a bright, decided and interest- 
ing convert of the revival then in progress. Rev. J. W. Omestead so long 
the editor of the Watciiman was pastor of the church at this time. 

VVitli a class of about twenty-five, I finished the course at Hamilton 
July 15th, 1838. Tiirough the agency of my brother William then pastor of 
the Baptist church at Newport, Herkimer county. I was invited to visit 
the church at Norway, four miles from Newport, with the view of a settle- 
ment as pastor. The visit resulted m a call to tlie pastorate of that 
church to commence the following November. The 20th of September at 
Litchfield, where my father was pa.stor, 1 was ordained to the work of 
preaching the gospel. The L'Gth of the same month, in the Baptist churcli 
at Little Falls, I was married to Francis Lyon, Bev. Augustus Beech oilir- 
iating. Ttie good providence of God, so distinctly markiul. made no mis- 
take in tlie selection of a most worthy and suitable helpmate for t rie younjf 
pastor. 

Early the following November, we commenced liousekeeping in the par- 
sonage at Norway and also the untried and inexperienced work and responsi- 
bility of pastorial work, on a salary of SJT.") per atiruim and the use nf tiie 
parsonage. We were both poor but tlu(ui«;h tin- kind generosity of Mr. and 



'fir. 



51 



Mrs. Brown we had a very plain but sufficient outfit for keeping house. From 
this date I will associate my wife in my labors and as a general thing use 
the pronoun we. 

For reasons that for the time seemed sufficient we remained in Norv^^ay 
but eighteen months. We found two of the deacons were working against us 
because the pastor quite often used the same text in the morning and in the 
afternoon presenting different bruncties of the same subject, tliis was done 
to avoid preaching long sermons. Not knowing what might be the outcome 
we quietly resigned leaving the church in peace and harmony, so that when 
we returned in 1851 from the missionary work in Iowa, to repair lost health 
we received a very cordial call to a second pastorate of the Norv/ay church, 
one of the best we have ever labored with. During our residence in Nor- 
way our first child— a little boy — was born in July, 1839, wliom we named 
Benjamin Perry. 

I was appointed by the assoiciation to visit the Morehouseville church 
twenty miles north of Norway, far away in the dense wilderness. During 
our first pastorate at Norway we made a Missionary tour into the wilder- 
ness twenty miles beyond Moreliouseville to a new settlement at the head of 
Peseca lake. 

On leaving Norway our next tield of labor was Warren, one of the south- 
ern towns in Hertcimer Co., entering the work April, 1840. During tlie 
first year but little could be accomplished on account of the all absorbing 
political campaign of "log cabin hard cider, Tippecanoe and Tyler too." 
which resulted in the p.iection of William Henry Harrison as president and 
John Tyler as vice-president. The second year manifested a good deal 
of religious interest. Our increasing interest in and love for missionary 
work directed our thoughts to some field in the distant west. In October, 
1840 in Warren, our second son. Chas. P. Brown, was born. 

In October of that year, 1841, our wish was laid before the Board of the 
New York State Missionary Convention at the annual meeting held at 
Whitesborough. In the application nothing was said about salary or any 
local field, only send us to Iowa Territory. The convention endorsed the 
application and recommended an appointment by the Board of the A. M. 
Baptist Home Mission Society. In due time the appointment came, desig- 
nating the Forks of the Ma<iuoketa, Jackson county, Territory of Iowa, as 
the field, on a salary of one hundred dollars per annum and seveuty-tive dol- 
lars for traveling expenses to the field. 

As household goods could not be transported so far. we sold all except 
clothing, bedding, a common table and stand, vhich could be conveniently 
packed iu boxes, and a kitchen rocking chair, for tlu^ comfort and oon\t'n- 
ience of the mother in caring for the children on X\iv, journey. We also 
bought a cook stove of small si/.o, which we took to pieces and packed in 
straw. Our goods, well packed in boxes, weighed about l,()O0 pc^unds. 
Monday, May '2, ls42 we left LItica on a canal line boat for Iowa. These 
boats had a comfortable cabin with bertlis ifi the bow for passengers and a 
good cook and dining cabin in stern and the suace mid-sliip for freight and 
baggage. The fare, with board and lodging, was two cents a mile, and no 
charge for young chiil(hei\. Wo had good (r;»vi>ling company, the boar»i, 



.1, .il: 



clean and nice, the captain and hands pleasant, sober and accoramodatins, 
so that tlie trip from Utica to Buffalo,— 200 miles— was comfortable and 
pleasant. We arrived at Tonawanda, twelve miles from Buffalo at twelve 
o'clock Saturday night, and as the boat did not run on Sunday we lay by 
until 12 o'clock Sunday night arriving at Buffalo just at daylight -Monday 
morning. 

Our goods were transferred from the canal boat to the steamboat Great 
Western Captain Walker, which was to leave for Chicac^o tiiat evcuiiig. We 
felt that we were fortunate. The fare from Buffalo to Chica;^o had just 
been reduced by reason of competition, from $20 to $18. The freight on our 
goods from Buffalo to Chicago was $18. When the time arri ed for leaving 
the harbor there were some 800 passengers on board probably not fifty of 
them had ever been on the water before and nearly all goitig to Illinois, Wis- 
consin and regions beyond. It was nearly dark when the great steamer was 
fairly out upon the dark but quiet waters of Lake Erie witii omnious clouds 
gathering in tiie west. The cabin passengers were very generally gathered 
on the promenade deck some looking back upon the lights of the city and 
towards the homes and loved ones there, some looking out sadly upon the 
dark waters, others looking anxiously upon the gatliering and threatening 
clouds in the west, and very many with tearful eyes. It was one of the 
most intensely interesting, solemn scenes we ever witnessed and took part 
in. We retired to our state room, but I guess not to sleep much. The storm 
came down upon us m the night, but our noble steamer met and faced it 
bravely, and brought us safely into the liarbor at Cleveland. Ttie effects 
of the storm upon the stomach.s of tlie passengers were readily infererd by 
the slim attendance at the breakfast table. We lay at Cleveland a few 
hours for the wind to subside. Except having the same thing repeated on 
Lake Huron, which compelled us to lay by at Preqsue Isle four hours, we 
had pleasant sailing to Chicago, where we arrived Sunday at I p. ra., and 
put up at a small two-story tavern called the New York house. In the 
evening we attended meeting at the Baptist church, and heard Elder 
Thomas Powell preach. Ttie house stood on the lot now occupied by the 
Chamber of Commerce building. 

This church building was built by boards and battens up and down, 
with no ceiling except naked collar beams, rafters and roof boards. Tlie 
court house close by enclosed by a common fence and ornamented with 
forest shade trees, looked like a live acre lot with a brick court house way 
to the north side of it. 

Monday we hired a man from Rockford. who had been in with a load to 
take us and our goods to Savanna on the Mississippi river. It was a lumber 
wagon. After loading the boxes, the rocking chair we had brought from 
our New York home was fastened on top of one of the boxes, a little cJiair 
purchased at one of the furniture store was fastened beside the rocker. 
My good wife cheerfully mounted and took iier seat in the rocking chair 
with the youngest child in her lap arid the other one by her side r»Mnarkiii;: : 
"Now this is tirst rate. " 1 took a seat beside the driver witli our feet 
resting on the whippletrees ready for a trip of 200 miles to our future home 
in fowa Territory. 



We were fortunate in havingf a dry spring and did not have to use the 
poles in the streets of Chlcaofo to pry us out of the mud. We stopped the 
first night twelve miles out on the Elgin road. Second night stopped at a 
log tavern sixteen or eighteen miles west of Elgin at Pigeon Woods. Here 
a ravenous appetite was destroyed by badly tainted ham and in conseqiience 
of two stage loads of passengers to provide for our bed was on the lloor. 
Early next morning we proceeded on our journey and got breikfast at a 
small cabin tavern at or iiear where Marengo now stands. At noon were at 
Belvidere where we enjoyed a short visit with Prof. S. S. Whitman, one of 
our former teachers at Hamilton. Here too, we visited the pul)lic square 
and looked upon the stakes then standing ot the burying place of an Indian 
chief. The Indian was gone but the upright poles and a few remnants 
of his burial dress yet remained— a sad memorial of the past. That evening 
at 9 o'clock we arrived at tlie west side tavern at Rock ford. Our driver 
went to his home in the little village, and we to supper and rest expecting 
to resume our journe in the morning. To our disappointment our driver 
had been subpoenaed n a suit to come off that week and could not resume 
the journey until the next Monday. While tarrying we found a good home 
and kind friends in the family of Rev. Solomon Knapp. pastor of the Bap- 
tist church. We preached for Elder K., the following Sunday —our first ser- 
mon in the west. 

Monday morning we started in good health and good spirits on the Ga- 
lena stage road to twelve mile grove, then directly west toward the Missis- 
siDpl river— good day, smooth roads and brought up at Mr. Crane's cabin in 
Crane's Grove about sundowa and there we stopped for the night as it was 
eighteen miles to the next grove. Mrs. Crane, a woman in middle life, had 
just come in from the stable yard with a pail of milk. She was a Kentuck- 
ian. In reply to the inquiry, if she could keep us over night, she replied. 
**0 I reckon though I'm mighty tired. The old cow gives a right smart of 
milk, nigh onto a half a bushel.'* Next morning the teamster found one 
of his horses dead— had over fed with grain. We hired Mr. Oane to take 
us eighteen miles to Cherry Grove. We stopped over night with a farmer. 
Mr. Gardner, a brother-in-law of Mr. Crane, who took us next morning to 
Savanna. We crossed over with our goods that night to Charleston— now 
Sabula— and put up at the tavern. Next morning we hired a man to take 
us twenty-live or thirty limes to our journey's end. In consequence of rain 
we did not get a very early start At noon we stopped at a log cabin on the 
west side of Deep creek for dinner. The woman h;id nothing but eleven 
eggs. Tliese we boiled, but the children would not ear. them and we passed 
no other human liabitation until long after dark and the children had cried 
themselves to sleep. At midnight we dove up to the cabin of Mr. C. M. 
Dolittle, the end of our long Jf»urnev. The good folks got up. gave us our 
supper, then gave us their bed and the teamster a settee in the rooQi for 
his bed and Mr. and Mrs. Doolittle and the ctiildreu. who had been in bed 
with them retired to the loft. 

Tired and worn by tlie long journey, especially the last L'oo miles in a 
ium^i-r v;;gon, we retired to rest four in a b.-d .and restiMl sweetly with no 
iinpleasanl dreams. Our stopping place was about one mile south of where 



Maquoketa now stands, close by the old ford at the head of McCloy's mill 
pond. The country aroand whic^i we could not see by reason of darkness, 
we could not see the next morning by reason of a fog. As we were poor and 
our support, except the SlOO pledged by the missionary board, was to come 
from the field, we made same inquiry about the church with which we were 
to Jabor. But to our surprise there was no church and tlie settlement was 
new with only a few Baptist members scattered over a large territory. 
The prospects that morning were not only foggy but somewhat blue, a feel- 
ing however, we deemed best to conceal. Our good wife did the same thing, 
made no complaint, nor expressed a word of regret. In tiie morning in com- 
pany with tiie brother of the log cabin, we called on some families two or 
three miles west or northwest. In our walk the wind breezed up took all 
the fog away, and with it went all our blue feelings for a most charming 
prairie landscape was spread out to the south and southwest with the Ma- 
quoketa timber for a background on the north. The only drawback to my 
good feelings was the thought, iiut how does my dear wife feel about the 
propsects? This troublesome doubt was very soon relieved, for on my 
return the good woman met me several rods from the door with her briglit 
cheerful face, and her words of greeting were, "Charles we liave come to 
Iowa to do good and will stay and trust in the Lord." 

We met a cordial reception not only by the Baptist families, but by the 
settlers generally. We arrived on our field May 20. 1842. fiaving been twen- 
ty-four days on our journey. An appointment had been arranged by the 
Des Moines association for a meeting at Iowa City commencing June 3rd, 
for the purpose of organizing a territorial missionary convention. As 
Brother Doolittie had a large family our temporary home was moved to 
Brother Levi Decker's, a mile east of Wright's corners. Sister Decker very 
kindly offered to take care of the children and thus enable Mrs. Brown to 
go with me to the Iowa City meeting. We were furnished by Brother Doo- 
littie with horse and wagon, a kind of half and half vehicle between 
a buggy and a lumber wagon. 

We started June Isfc, and was directed to take a trail at the west side of 
Reuben Kiggs field which would take us to Bergoonsford on the Wacsipiui- 
con river— no inliabitants on the route. We missed the trail but having a 
pretty correct idea of the direction did not get lost. 

When in sight of the Wapsie settlement we came up to one of tliose pe- 
culiar brooks from three to five feet wide and from tliree to four feet deep 
with perpendicular banks. We tried to persuade the horse to jump but 
there was no go. lie was willing to go bai'k or in any direction rather than 
jump the chasm. But we were not to be balked in that -twenty miles on 
our road and an uninhabited prairie. So I got Mrs. Brown across and the 
baggage, then starting far enough away to get the horse on a fast trot gave 
him a smart blow with the whip on nearing the chasm and over we wont. 
While the seat and some other things left in the wagon took varmus direc- 
tions. But mind you, t.ie parson took the precaution to be on his feet when 
that run was made. 

We got over and stopped at the tirst hons<^ for dimier. We left. ;ui ap- 
pointment for preaching 'J'ursday of the next weeU on our rot urn, and pro- 



-55 



ceeded od our journey and stopped for the night at Tipton, the county seat 
of Cedar cou'ity, where we left an appointment to preach on the following 
Monday evening. Tliere was a log court house and a log tavern. 

The next day Tuesday we arrived at Iowa City. There were no rail- 
roads then west of the state of New York. The western boundary of, lands 
opened for settieoient then was about 18 miles west of Iowa City, and the 
western border counties beginning at the south were Van Buren, Jefferson, 
Washington, Johnson, Linn, Buclianan, Fayette with Clayton on the 
nortii. On returning we were on time to meet our appointment at Tipton 
on Monday evening and the VVapsie appointment on Tuesday, arriving 
home late at night and found all well. 

The nest important temoorial matter was to select a location and build 
a log house. Log houses were all the go in that region then as there were 
plentv of logs but no saw mills. Having become acquainted with the neigh- 
bors about Wright's corners, two and one half miles south of where some 
years later was located the village of Maquoketa, we concluded to locate 
there. Nobodv need ask for better neighbors than we found in the families 
of Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Wright, Mr. and Mrs. Alfred Wright, Mr. and ?*Irs. 
Levi Decker, Mr. and Mrs. John Kiggs, ^Ir. and Mrs. David Bentley and 
others. 

Tne settlers very generally and generously turned out, with teams and 
axes, and went live or six miles west to a samll grove and cut and hauled 
logs for a houoC about twelve bv sixteen or eighteen feet. In a week or two 
the body of the house was up, logs hewed on two sides. My neighbor, Mr. 
John Iliggs. wis)iing some lumber, joined me in going up the Maquoketa 
river eighteen miles, for some sawed lumber must be had even for a log 
house. As we must raft the lumber down the river, we went on foot, made 
our purchase, and started down the river the next day, in the afternoon, 
with a steering oar in front and one at the stern. The river, at that time, 
ran through a dense wilderness with a thick underbrush, with two or three 
cleared patches ui the whole distance. The river was low, and we liad 
much trouble and hard work by reason of snag sand bars, fretiuently liavnig 
to jump into the water to pry the raft off these obstructions. About sun- 
down we came to a small cleared patch where an old hermit by the name of 
Lodge lived. We called at his cabin to see wnat the chances were for stop- 
ping over night, as the next clearing was several miles below. The cabin 
was eight by ten or twelve feet with a crib made of poles for a bed, and a 
chicken pen in one corner of the room. We discovered at once there was 
uo show for us there, and we must try to get down to the next clearing or 
camp out. The night was cold, for the season and we tire(i ami hungry. 
Darkness in that dense foiest, was coming on rapidly and linally conclud- 
ed to risk a run on the river, and if we suffered shipwreck we could not be 
any worse off. So we cut loose and let her drive, for it was not long before 
the darkness was so dense the stern man could not see tlie oar ono at the 
front. The raft kept going while every moment we expected to run foul of 
snags, or on to a sarul bar. Ihit, to our surprise, it reactied the clearing 
about 10 or 11 o'clock witjjout any mishap whatevor. Wo coticlndoti our 
goofi fortune was because it was so dark we couldn't see to sleer it on to 



56 



logs and sand bars. We could see neither house nor house h^ihtj, and calling 
obtained a response from a cabin some distance towards the north side 
bluff. We found a comfortable cabin with an old fashioned tireplace, with 
a good, cheerful lire; but the inmates were in bed, except the man who eroc 
up to answer our call. He gave us some bread and milk for suppeiv and 
then we began to cast about for a place to sleep. There were two beds in 
the small room on bedsteads with three persons in one and three in the 
other, when the man should return to bed; and there was a bed on the 
floor in tiie corner by the lireplace, and two men in that. 'J'he men very 
kindly proposed to wheel and lie across the bed, and thus make room for 
two more. Tired as we were, we had a good sleep and a pretty good rest. 
The next day we very easily completed the river part of our liomeward jour- 
ney. From the" river landing we had to liaul the lumber three miles to 
Wright's corner. Wright's corners were on the line between .Jackson and 
Clinton counties, and our house was fifteen or twenty rods in Clinton coun- 
ty on the east side of the road running north and south, and the east fork 
of Prairie creek in front on the west — the road between the house and the 
creek. With rough, loose boards lor lower and chamber floors, we moved in 
without doors or windows. I had to go to Dubuque, forty miles, for stove 
pipe. But we were happy when we were settled in our own liome, although 
without furniture except table, stand, stove, rocking and a little chair, and 
a few dishes, all of which we brought with us. 

Our first bedstead was made of hickory poles. We fortunately bro'ight 
a few carpenter tools along with which we could make such needful articles 
of furniture. With one of our boxes we made shelves for dishes; with an- 
other we made a cupboard for books, etc. ; with another we made a place 
for the oldest little boy to sleep. We, including neiglibors, went rii,^ht to 
work and put up a log school iiouse. This was located a few rods south of 
our liouse, and before there were any lloor, door or windows, we started a 
Sunday scliool witli Thomas Flathers, superintendent. This was the tirst 
school liouse built eitlier in Clinton or Jackson counties, and this was the 
first Sunday scliool organized in Clinton county. This schoolliouse furnish- 
ed a place for one of my preaching appointments. Bro. Earl's liouse, 
five or six miles west of ray liouse. was another. Hro. Earl's house was 
just a shell of a frame— a lower lloor in part— no stove or lireplace— th«^ tire 
for cooking and warming was on the ground near the center with a hole in 
the roof to let the smoke out. But it did not all go out and the congrega- 
tion were quite frequently in tears. 

Another one of my appointments was at a private iiouse twelve milos up 
in the timber on the ridge. A day or two previous to one of my appoint- 
ments the owner of the house killed a monster panther near by. It was try- 
ing to catch one of his hogs. The lirst sermon 1 priiachrd in Iowa was in 
Mr. John Shaw's unlinished log house where Maquoketa now is. the second 
at Iowa City; the third at Tipiun, the fourth at l^agoons on the Wapsie, 
the tifth at the M. E. (luarterly meeting m tlieir log meeting Iiouse over in 
the timber. The house had no lloor and 1 think no windows. The light 
came in throui^h openings bet woen the logs. My preaching place where 
Maiiuoketa now is was in a sod covered lou: cal)in l)uilt lor a hlacKstnii h 



, I, / 



—57 



shop. Durin? that summer I preached in Rock Island once, Davenport four 
times, Marion three times, Tipton once, Andrew twice. 

In r nning our raft down the Maquoketa river we passed the ciearing 
where Jackson murdered Perkins: He had liis triai at Andrew that sum- 
mer and was convicted and hung from tlie limb of an oak tree near the 
court house at that place. The cash receipts on salary was ccntined exclus- 
ively to the $100 pledged by the missionary society and a heavy draft on our 
cash was postage of 25c on nearly every letter received, and if some friend 
inclosed a $1 bill the postage was double. In a short time after moving in 
our cabin was Bloomtield postoliice and Elder thrown was postmaster, and 
received all his letters free. Yes, free, flow good to get a letter from the 
old liome without taking the last quarter to pay postage. We had a mail 
each way on horse back once a week. 

On Aug. 31st, a meeting was held at the house of Brother Earl for the 
purpose of organizing a Baptist church. Ttie organization was effected and 
embraced the following members: C. M. Doolittle and wife, .Jason Pang- 
born and wife, VVm. Y. Earl and wife, Levi Decker and wife, Elder C. E. 
Brown and wife, Esquire ^J'aylor and wife, Mrs. Eliza Mallard, Mrs. >[it- 
chell. The following are names of other Baptist members living in the 
region: Ebenezer Wilcox and wife living on Bear creek, Mr. Wood worth 
living twelve miles up in the timber. Mrs. John Wilcox living at Soutli 
Grove, Mrs. David Bentley living at Wright's corners, old >rr. and Mrs. 
Clark Jiving a mile east of wliere Maciuokta now is, Mrs. Estjuire Palmer 
living at Andrew. 

Brother Jason Pangborn came from northeastern New York. Sister P., 
a refined excellent Christian, was perfectly blind— became so before leaving 
the eastern home. When we called on the family they were living in a 
small log cabin located at the extreme nortiieast corner of the quarter sec- 
tion on which the Midland depot is now located and very near where the 
house now stands in which brother and sister Pangborn died. In that little 
cabin without the first comfort or convenience with herself husband and 
four small children to care for, this good woman with no word of com- 
plaint was with extended hands feeling tier toilsome way in total darkness, 
caring for loved ones. Several years afterwards we attended tlie funeral of 
her little boy. She had never seen his face. At the close of the service she 
wished to be led to the unclosed cotlin. There she stood for a few mitiutes 
tenderly and lovingly with the tears fast dropping from ner sightless eyes, 
passing her hands over the cold face of the dear little one saying. have 
Dever seen m\ dear child's face, I must get an impression of how he looks." 
The dear mother has gone where she can see. 

At tlie meeting in June at Iowa City arrangements were made for a 
meeting tlie hith of the next September at Davenport, lor the purpc>se of 
organizing an association embracing all the churches on and norlli of the 
Iowa river. When tiie time come to go to Davenport, our good brother 
Doolittle woiild furnish us a horse, but the wagon we had for the trip to 
Iowa City liad left the settlement. The horse i could r\dv but that would 
not till the bill. All were anxious that Mrs. lirown should go, so 1 seemed 
the loan of tli(* hind wheels and axletre*' of a hoosier lumlier wagon, went 



to the fence and got poles suitable for thills, and with a board on wooden 
pegs were soon ready for the forty mile trip. We had a bundle of oats for 
a cushion and (enjoyed the ride across the prairies and through groves un- 
marred by tlie vandalism of man. Tiie first liumau habitation wc saw was 
at Point Pleasant, wiiere we crossed the Wapsie river at Kirtley's ford. 

Although road carts were not as common and popular as now, we felt no 
embarassment in riding along tlie main streets of that yourjg city — Daven- 
port—and in driving up in front of the residence of Dr. Witherwax. The 
meetings were held in tlic chamber of a small frame building on Front 
street. Tlie following churches >vere represented (tiie lirst organi/.ed in tlie 
territory): JBath— now LeClaire, organized June, 1839, vvitli. six members; 
Davenport organized September, 1839, seven members: Dubuque organized 
Aug. 1840, eleven members; 131oomington— now xMuscatine, organized Oct. 
1840 live members; lovva City, organized, June 1841 eleven members; Forks 
of the Maquoketa, organized Aug. 184:i with 14 members; also the cliurcn 
of Rock Island, 111. Every churcii noi'th of the Iowa river were reprt'sented 
except one on the line between Jones and Delaware counties. 

The following winter the longest and coldest, set in early in November 
by a heavy fall of snow. Our log house away out on the bleak prairie in 
an unfinished condition, was unsuitable to winter In. So, with the con- 
sent of the missionary board, we moved to Davenport witii the expectation 
of moving back to Maquoketa in tlie spring. We at once engaged in the 
good work with the churches at Davenport and Kock Island. 



To save space and cost of printing in the Annals of Jackson Couniy, we 
must leave the ineresting details of the Reverend's life vvork outside of his 
Maquoketa field, and onlv follow with an historical outline. For some rea- 
son he did not come back to the Forks of the Ma(iuoketa except at intervals 
for live years. In tne summer of 1843 he made several missionary trips up 
the river and organized a ciiurch at Port Byron, III., and another at Ca- 
manche. In that year he went to I)ubu<iue— 80 miles— hv land to atttend 
the tirst annual meeting of tlie Davenport a^scciation. In one place he 
states: "Captain Wilson ran the ferry between Davenport and Uock Island 
and during tiie summer of 1843 substituted the tiorse boat in place of the 
little scow and yawl, a very great improvement." 

II is next Held of labor was at LeClaire. vviiere lie moved in 1814. In June 
of that year we tind him going with two otiiers (James Turner and Wm. 
Palmer) by iiorse ;uid wagon to Mt. Clea.sant to attend the second annual 
Territorial iMissionary convention. On account of high water in a stream 
they liad to devise an impromptu ferry out of tlie wagon bed and with a 
grape vine as anchor line run the wagon and their clothes acros.s alter wnieh 
the men and horse swam. The KIder Brown had swam across tirst to land 
the ferry and its several cargoes. Tlu; elder said : "Swim we must or go 
back; to go hack was IK) part of tlie programme." From another place 
weiiuote: " During our stay at LeClaire, a comfortable meetini: house 
was built with a stone basement. The creillt sii far as human agency was 
coDcerned, lor this house was due largely to Mrs. Brown, W C sptMit tho 



winter of 1844-5 in New York state and during: our stay Mrs. Brown collected 
nearly enough to make a good beginning, and encourage the church to build. 
The pastor quarried the rock and tended the mason. In the summer of 
1845 Elder J. N. Seeley, pastor of the church at Muscatine, witli a man and 
horse, towed a large river lighter, or scowboat, til'ty miles up the river to 
Port Byron opposite Le Claire for lime to build a house of worship at Mus- 
catine. 1 gave him lumber for doors and windows. That was the way meet- 
ing houses were built in Iowa in early days." (The reader must not mis- 
take the pastor, J. N. Seeley, for J. O. Seely wlio is only "Farmer Buck- 
horn" and not so mucii of a pastor as he is a pasture where newspaper pub- 
Jishers and historical societies too poor to buy literary grass can graze free.) 

In 1847 we find Eider Brown moving back to his early field of tlie Fori<s 
of Maquoi<eta where he built a house on land donated to him by J. E. 
Goodenow the same being the souttiwest corner of Piatt and Eliza streets. 
While living tiiere Nelson Walker (before spoken of) died at his house and 
on June 9, 1848, the nine-year-old son of the Rev. Brown was drowned in ttie 
Maquoketa river. While here iiis appointments covered Lamotte twenty 
miles toward Dubuque ; Pence's schiool house 9 miles west on Bear creek, 
formerly known as Shake Rag sciioolhouse now south edge of Baldwin; Bur- 
leson's or Buckhorn six miles west; soutii settlement: Andrew, and Cascade. 
Wouldn't tiiat circuit wilt the collars oil some of our brick pavement preacii- 
ersV 

It was at this time we find the Rev. Brown and wife doing noble work 
in behalf of tiie Maquoketa academy, and going to York State to solicit 
funds to aid in the enterprise. In 1850 the nearest stage route to Ciiicago 
was either Galena or Rock Island. In June, 1850, he went to take .1. O. 
DeGrush and vvifo, vvlr) iiad baen out to make them a visit to Rock Island 
and went with a lumber wagon so as to bring back a load of yoods for some 
mercliant and coming home was on the road the most of the night. Tticre 
being a iieavy dew and cold for the time of year lie contractca inllammatoiy 
rheumatism which laid iiim up many months. 

In 1851 he concluaed to return to Herkimer Co., N. Y. to recruit I: is 
liealth among his old friends and relatives. After some time health im- 
proved, lie accepted charge of tiie churcti at Norway his earliest pastorate, 
wliere lie and Mrs. Brown first set up housepkeepmg. Here he Inought ord- 
er out of cliaos, created by a former pastor's preaciiing too much ant i-slavery 
doctrine from the pulpit. Elder Brown never mixed politics witli his st^r- 
mons. He \vas at iieart, however, a strong anti-slavery man, and wo find 
him in a 4ih of .luly oration delivered at Ee Claire, July 4th, 1845, making 
an eloquent argument against slavery. 

In tlie sjiring of l.s57, he was v^ent bv the Home Missionary society to 
tind a new field of labor in norttieastern Iowa, "(llaii indeed," he says, 
"to return to our beloved Iowa." He left liutTalo, Tuesday evening, July 
14th, 1857, on t he steamhoiit, -'So'ithern Mictiigan.'' for Toledo. Arrived 
at Toledo 2 p. m. the next day. Left Toledo that evening on Michi^'an 
SoutJiern railroad, arriving at Chicago s a. m. next dav. Mrs. Brown arni 
children W(>nt by riiilioad t/j DeWitt, Iowa, ami he wailed in Chicigo for his 



) V. 



— m — 



horse and buggy which was shipped by freight at Toledo. They arrived at 
4 a. m. next day. Drove his horse from Chicago to Maquoketa wliere he 
found Mrs. Brown and the children well and happy. After visiting relatives 
and friends at Maquoketa eight or ten days, and leaving the family he start- 
ed for northeastern Iowa, July 30th, 1857, via Dubuque and slopped at -Du- 
buque the tirst night. From Dubuque for forty miles traveled over the 
same road he traveled in company with Elder B. F. Brabrook in 1S4S to 
Garnavillo, Clayton county, to be at a meeting on Pony Creek, or in Pony 
Hollow, and assist in organizing a Baptist church. Tiiis was about three 
miles north of Elkader, Clayton county. To attend this meeting Elder 
Brabrook traveled from Davenport, one Inindred and twenty miles, and 
Elder Brown traveled from Maquoketa, eighty miles. Pony Hollow was one 
of Elder Ira Blanchard's preaching stations. After leaving Dubufjue he 
traveled to Rossville, Alamakec Co., where iie found Elder James SchoHeld 
with whom the missionary board had directed liim to take council as to a 
tield of labor. But the Rev. Schotield not being acquainted witli the coun- 
try west left it to tlie Rev. Brown's own judgment. He went to Winne- 
shiek county. 

Next we tind him helping to organize a church at Vernon, Howaid Co. 
Next we find him at Strawebrry Point tielping to dedicate a cliurch after 
which he traveled G5 miles bnck to Yernon where lie iiad concluded to make 
his home. He says after arriving at Vernon the next two days he iielped 
Elder Whitman stack oats and on Sunday preached twice to two good con- 
gregations, and Monday mowed hay. Wednesday, Sept. 2nd, started with 
two teams for Lansing on the river for his goods. Saturday 4 p. qi. he 
got back to Vernon and Sunday preached there. The next Wednesday he 
started with a one liorse wagon for Maquoketa, 150 miles, for his family, 
where tliey had spent the time while he was looking up his tield of labor. 
Friday. Sept. 11th, he arrived at Maquoketa, Saturday lie rested and Sunday 
preached for the pastor, Elder IJolms (another good old man after Elder 
Brown's own heart, the writer knew them botii well and Elder Holms died 
in Buckhorn wliere lie often preactied.) 

The next Tuesday the Rev. Brown started with his family of five with 
his one horse rig for Howard county and reached tiiere the next Monday 
evening. In that vicinity we tind him living and laboring the most of 
thirty years. In 1858 he was elected County Superintendent of nublic 
schools, serving in that capacity for three years at ;i salary of $1.50 per 
day and pay his own traveling expenses. We also tind him teaching several 
terms of tlie Yernon district school at a salary of 818 and $20 per month 
and still going on with liis pastoral work. In .Fuly, 1858, he organized the 
Lime Springs liaptist churcli. In ISdS, he moved to (Carroll County, 111., 
where he remained two years pastor of tiie York Baptist ctuirch, relurnifig 
to Lime Springs, Howard Co., Iowa, in 1870. and lived at Lime Springs old 
town. In the spring of 1S70 a Baptist church was built at Lime Springs and 
he and an old I'rother P>apt ist called '-Father'' Ihiokland, 80 years of ago, 
quarried the rock for the foundation, then made a bee to get them hauled. 

In 1871 he built himself a house ut Lime Springs. Hi 1S75 he and Mrs. 
Ihown sni^rit a year at t\w old New York home returning in 1ST() and again 



Gl 



became paslor of the Lime Springs cliurch. In 1877 he built another and 
his Jast house at Lime Springs twenty rods south of the depot. In that 
house his dear companion died June tlie 12th, 1887. 

In October, 1877, as we have before stated, he was elected state repre- 
sentative to the 17th general assembly from Howard Co. He was 74 when 
Mrs. Brown died after which he spent some time in his home keeping every 
thing as near like she left it as possible bub finally went to liis children 
dividing his time between them and occasionally preaching here and there. 
He preached several sermons in Maquoketa and Nashville after he was 80 
years old. We do not know how it is witn the readers but we have followed 
the history of the old man's life work with Interest and satisfaction. 



Maquoketa, Iowa, July 1st, 190G. 
Mr. James Ellis, Curator of the Jackson County Historical Society, 

Dear Sir: I wish you would grant me space in Annals No. 3 to to cor- 
rect and offer an excuse for a misstatement made in No. 2. In my paper 
on Shadrach Burleson I claimed the government laud in this section did 
not come into market until 1845. I had not looked the record up, but bas- 
ed my claim on the statement of the historican who compiled the history of 
Jackson county, published in 1879, supposing, as he inferred, he gained his 
information from the records. Having occasion to visit the records lately 
I found ont he abstract of the U. S. irn I sales for the Dubuque land oilice 
one ot two instances of land sales to Jackson county parties in 1839, and 
many in 1840 and intervening years before 1845 wliich proves conclusively 
my statement was an error and that tlie only way to get facts is to get 
them. 

I have concluded as a source of liistorical facts, the 1879 history is 
about as reliable a medium as a "blood and thunder" dime novel, and 
was written partly to sell unsight and unseen. But largely to excuse tlie 
Bellevue mob for killing W. W. Brvown and others. The basis of that 
write-up was the conteatlon thaL Brown was the leader of desperate band 
of outlaws who could not be convicted bceause every time they were brought 
to trial they proved an alibi. The Jackson county criminal docket proves 
just as conclusively that claim was false as it does that the government 
land of Iowa did not come into maiket until 1845. It is my desire wliat 
little iiislory I write for you should be as near the truth as posbible, al- 
thougli it may not eulogi/e the departed great (V). Yours truly, 

FAliMER BUCKIIOUN. 



00--? i< 



Killing of Andrew M. Brown by Absalom Montgomery, 
Near Maquoketa in 1852. 



/Re-Writtea by J. W, Ellis for the Jackson Uouniy Historical Society.) 

Some time prior to the jear 1852, one Dr. rvhodos of Maquoketa. had 
entered forty acres of timber land on the Maquoketa river a short disiince 
below Pinliook. The land was valuable only for the timber, as it consisted 
of bluffs and bottom land liable to overflow. Absalom Montgomery, who 
had figured quite conspicuously in the court records of Jackson courtty since 
1838, lived at the time, near where Wesner's house stand>, and owficd ><9 
acres of the fine land between there and the city, ai^d 40 acres across tlie 
road which extended do -VD to the river and adjoi'ied the land entered by 
Dr. Rhodes wliich he, Montgomery, claimed and warned all persons against 
trespassing cn the land. It was claimed by Montgomery's fi-iends that 
an offer hid been made to. IVIr. Rhodes to reimburse him for the money that 
he had expended in entering tUe land as well as his expenses in goiug to 
the land otlise, but tliat the doctor had refused, the offer. On th.e other 
hand a son of the doctor who still resided in Maquoketa maintains that the 
doctor offered to surrender his interest on payment of the money tliat the 
land had cose him. At all events jNIontgomery warned Dr. Rliodes that he 
would kill him or anv one who attempted to liaul wood from tiie land. 
The doctor fiad a son-in-law, one Andrew M. Brown, who was living at 
that time where ITench's old mill now stands. On the morning of the .'{0th 
of April, 1852, Brovvn took Dr. Rhodes team and started for the lands in 
dispute to get a load of wood. Brown was fully a.dviscd of the threat made 
by Montgom.cry, but said he was uol afraid and set out for the tiral)er. \Vm. 
Y. Earl then lived in a house a few rods west of Strubles nursery, and the 
road leading to the timber turned north and run past Earls house. About 
the time Brown reached the woods, Montgome^'y was seen by some m-^m.- 
bers of the Earl family goinof in that direction with a gun. .lust what took 
place in the woods tiiat day vviil never be known, but it is well known that 
Brown was shot with a rille, the ball entering his stomach near th»» breast 
bone. Brown fell do vn in the bottom of box a:id lay there helpless anil 
dying. The team, frightened doubtless l>y ihe rcpoi't of tUe gun whirled 
and went in th.e dircctii^n of town. When tlic loam reached the Karl plan?. 
Mrs. Earl heard some one calling from the wagon and thoui^ht it was soino 
one intoxicated, but linally venlured out aiKi di.scovi'reii Brown in the ^^ag- 
on, and he lived long enough to tell iier Montgomery had shot him. Mr.s. 



,1 '.^J 



Earl sent some of the children to town for help, Mr. Earl bein.f^ from hcn:je 
at the time. On the day of tlie murder Erastos Gordon, who later lived in 
Maqaoketa was plowing a piece of ground, on Montgomery's farm for oals, 
having rented o acres of ground for that purpose, Gordon had been dicker- 
ing with Montgomery for a young liorse, had offered him $T."j for M e ani- 
mal, but jMontgomery ^vanted more. On tliat day Montgomery came to 
the tield and told Gordon if he wanted the colt for $75 to get out his 
money. Gordon shelled out the money very promptly well pleased with his 
bargain. Some time after Montgomery's visit to the field, T. E. Canneil 
came to Gordon and told him that Montgomery had killed Brown and he 
■wanted him to go and help hunt Montgomery, Gordon tied one horse to the 
fence and mounting the other went with the others, in the direction they 
had heard Montgomery liad gone, which was west. VVlien the patry reached 
the hill where the school house formerly stood in the Buck JTorn district 
and could see over in tfie valley where Shade Burleson lived, they recognied 
Montgomery in Burleson's yard. Gordon was told to remain with the horses 
behind tlie school house, and the other men went down to tlie house, and in 
some way communicated with Burleson without letting Montgomery see 
them. Burleson managed to get both ot Montgomery's guns out of his reach 
and the men stepped in and arrested him. Be was taken back to Macjuoketa 
and guirded in tlie upper story of the Goodenow hotel by Gordon and ethers 
for several weeks. He was indicted by the grand jury for murder. The fol- 
lowing is an exact copy of the indictment: 

May term of the District Court of Jackson County, A. D., I8r)2. State of 
Iowa vs. Absalom Montgomery— Indictment for ]Murder. A True Bill. 

DAVID SEARS. 

Foreman of tlie within mentioned Grand Jury. 

Witnesses names— Pc[er Conover, P^rastus Gordon, IJanna Battles, 
Thomas E Canneil, Achilles Gordon, Judson Earl, Archibald Lambertson, 
Jolin McCollum, Miss xVmelia Earl, Shadrach Burleson, Fayette Mallard, 
William Ellis, Dr. P. L. Lake. Francis B. Rhodes. 

Presented in open court in presence of the Grand Jury by the foreman 
and tiled this 18th day of May, A. D. 1S52. H. SCARBOROUGH, Clerk. 
State of Iowa, ) 
Jackson County, \ ' 

In tiie district court of said county, of May term thereof, in the year of 
Our Lord one thousand eight hundred and tifty-two. 

The grand jurors legally convoked, empanneled and sworn in open court 
to inquire into indictable offences committed within tlie body of the couniv 
of Jackson aforesaid, in the name and by the authority of the stale of Iowa, 
upon their oath present: That Absnlom Montgomery, late of the county of 
Jackson, aforesaid on the. '^ot h day of April, in the year of Our Loid one 
thousand, eight liundred and hlty-two, witli force and arms at and in the 
county aforesai(i in atid upi n the hnrly of on(\ Andrew M. Brown, in the 
peace of siid state, then and there being, leloiiionsly. willfullv, deliberately, 
premeditatedly, and of his nniloe afore thought, did maive an a.ssauU ; and 
that he. the slid Absalom MontTOuierv. a ct'itain gun, callrd a rilU* gun. 
then and there ciiarged with gun powder, and one leaden bullet, which said 



rifle gun, lie, the said Absalom Montgomery, in his liands then and there, 
feloniously, willfuhy, deliberately, premeditatedly, and of liis malice afore- 
thought did discharge and shoot oif too, and against, a/id upon the said An- 
drew M. Brown; and that the said Absalom Montgomery with the leaden 
bullet aforsaid out of the rifle gun aforesaid, then and there by force of 
the gun powder aforesaid by tlie said Absalom Montgomery, discharged and 
shot off as aforesaid, then and there feloniously, willfully, deliberately, 
premeditatedly and of his malice aforethought, did strike, penetrate and 
wound him, the said Andrew M. Brown, in and upon tiie stomach of him, 
the said Andrew M. Brown, giving to him the said Andrew M. Brown, then 
and there with the leaden bullet aforesaid, so as aforesaid disciiarged, and 
shot out of the rifle gun aforesaid by the said Absalom Montgomery in and 
upon the stomach of him, the said Andrew M. Brown, one mortal wound 
of the depth of six inches and of the breadth of half an inch, of which ttie 
said mortal wound he, the said Andrew M. Brown tlien and tliere died. 
And tlie jurors aforesaid do say that tlie said Absalom Montgomery him. 
the said Andrew M. Brown in the manner and by the means aforesaid, fel- 
oniously, willfully, deliberately, premeditatedly and of liis malice afore- 
thought, did kill and murder,contrary to the statute in such case, made and 
provided, and against the peace and dignity of tlie state of Iowa. 

JOSEPH KELSO, Prosecuting Attorney for said County. 
And the jurors aforesaid upon their oath aforesaid, do further present: 
That Absalom Montgomery, late of the county of Jackson, aforesaid laborer, 
not havinfg (he fear of God before his eyes, but being moved and seduced 
by the instigations of the devil, on the 30th day of April in the year of Our 
Lord, one thousand, eight hunderd and tlfty-two. witli force and arrns at 
and in the county aforesaid, in and upon one Andrew M. Brown, in the 
peace of God and the said state, then and ttiere being feloniously, w illfully, 
deliberately, premeditatedly, and of his malice aforethought, did make an 
assault; and that the said Absalom Montgomery, a certiin gun the value 
of $5.00 then and there loaded and charged with g'ln ponder, and one leadeil 
bullet, which gun he, the said /Vbsalom Montgomery, his hand had and 
held, to, against, and upon the said Andrew M. Brown, then and there fel- 
oniously, willfully, deliberately, premeditatedly, and of his malice afore- 
thouglit, did shoot and discharge; and tnat the said Abviiom Montgom- 
ery, with and bullet afoersaid, then and there by force of gun powder and 
shot sent forth as aforesaid, the said Absalom Montgomery in and upon the 
left side of the belly of him, the said Andrew M. Rrown, in the region of 
the stomach and median line of him. tlie said Andrew M. Brown, then and 
there feloniously, willfully, dellberatelv, premeditatedly, and of his malice 
aforethought, did strike, penetrate and wound, giving to the said Andr»^w 
M. Brown, then and there with the leaden bullet aforesaid, so as aforesaid 
stiot, discharged and smt, fortli out of the gun aforesaid, l)y tlie said Ab- 
salom Montgomery in and upon the said left sid«" of the belly of him. the 
said Andrt'w M. P>rown, one mortal wound of the depth of six inches and of 
tlje br(^atti of half an inch, of which said mortal wound he, said Andrew M. 
BrowtJ then and there immefliately died. And so t he jurors aforesaid, upon 
tlieir oath aforesaid do say, that ttie said Absalom Montgomery, him the 



said Andrew M. Brown, in the manner and by the means aforesaid, feloni- 
ousy, willfully, deliberately, premeditatedly, and of his malice aforcthouglit, 
did l^lll and murder, contrary to the statute in such case made and proved, 
and against the peace and dignity of the state of Iowa. 

JOSEPH KELSO, Prosecuting Attorney. 

Montgomery was tried at the June term of court, commencing the 23rd 
day and on the 25th the jury charged by the court, and returned a verdict 
of "murder in the tirst degree." The attorneys for the defendant moved 
for a new trial, and got it on a writ of error, and took a change of venue 
to Delaware county. The case was tried at Delhi in 1853, and the defend- 
ant was acquitted. Montgomery owned a line farm, but Piatt Soaith got it 
for defending him. The property finally went into the possession of the 
notorius Piper, who erected the finest mansion tliat the county afforded, 
at that time aud it was generally believed that he burned it for insurance. 

Montgomery's victim, Andrew M. Brown, who was about 28 years at 
the time of his death, left a wife, Jane Brown, who has remained true to 
his memory all these years, and a son, W. E. Brown, a cripple from ciiild- 
hood, born after liis father's death, who lives with his mother in Maquo- 
keta. Those who knew Montgomery well, say of him, that he never did 
much work, that he drank a good deal of whiskey, done much talking and 
was away from home a large share of his time. 

Few, if any, persons had any doubt about his guilt, but he liad means, 
and when a man has plenty of means the lawyers do not allosv him to suffer 
anything more serious than the depletion of his bank account, or the pro- 
ceeds of the sale of his farm. Piatt Smith, who defended Montgomery and 
cleared him, had prosecuted the unfortunate Joseph T. Jackson and hanged 
him, said afterward that he had done wrong in both cases, that Jackson 
ought to have been cleared and Montgomery ought to have hanged. 

On the 2Tth day of July, 190G, the writer visited Mrs. Brown at her cosy 
home in the First ward, and gleaned some facts in relation to the murder of- 
her husband that I did not formerly know of. She said tliat about a week 
before her husband's murder, he brought a letter from the postotlice for her 
father with whom they lived at the time. The letter was from Montgom- 
ery and warned Rhodes or any member of his family against trespassing 
on certain land that Rhodes had bought and from which Montgomery had 
been getting his fire wood. Mrs. Brown said that her Imsband remarked 
that barking dogs never bite, and knowing Montgomery to be a hard drink- 
er, was not afraid of him. Mrs. Brown is a very spriglitly lady for her age, 
being 78 past, is a little below medium height, her hair as white as snow, 
but tier faculties as clear as ever. Siie thinks her husband was sliot altout 
two o'clock p. m., but lived until six p. m., was carried into Mr. Karl's 
house, wliere his team had taken inm and (iied there. 



FORTY-EIGHT YEARS AGO. 



Items Clipped by J. W. Ellis from a Copy of a Sentinel 
Dated August 26th, 1858. 

CITY BIRECTOLIY— Jonas Clark, Mayor; Alderman of Wards— First 
ward, O. D. Covvles, R. B. Clancey; Second ward. Jl. S. Hadley, T. Lyman; 
Third ward, Benjamin Spencer. D. 11. Case; Fourth ward, Harry Farr, .1. 
Pangborn; Municipal otlicers— Wilson O'Brieti, marshal); I. C. IFall, assess- 
or; A. Fellows, recorder; J. E, Goodenow, street commissoner. 

An advertisement for new coal oil lamps is as follows: Li'^ht, more 
light! at less than half the usual cost. Our esteemed fellow townsman. 
Mr. Joseph Willey, presented us one dav last week with a new style of lamp 
called the kerosene or coal oil lamp. They are a most beautiful and eco- 
nomical lamp. The burner as proprietor says, can at slightest expense be 
adapted to any ordinary lamp and burns at an expense of one (quarter of one 
cent per hour and gives the light of three candles. For economy and brilli- 
ancy and cleanliness these lamps are unsurpassed. Another good feature is 
their uuexplosive qualities. The oil wlien spilled will not burn upon ttie 
application of a lighted match. They are sold at from one dollar and ten 
cents up to live dollars, owing to safe tinish and size of lamp. The oil is re- 
tailed at $1.59 per gallon and the expenss for one evening would not exceed 
one cent and a half. 

Mr. John Teeple, who lives eight miles west, lost a son on Sunday last 
aged 11 years and 2 months from the effects of a rattle snake bite. It ap- 
pears the boy was in company with his mohter and spveral others picking 
blackberries when they were attracted by his screams and upon repairing 
to wlierc lie was they found that he had bc'en bitten in the ankle. Every 
remedy was applied but to no effect lie died on Sunday last after suffering 
a most excruciating pain. 
Destructive Fire- 
Mr. Edtior— Sir: While I am writing there is li2 acres of our wheat in 
nine ricks burning, witliout doubt the work of incendarv. The wheal was 
of new ground tir.st crop and considered by all who came in the tield during 
harvest the best wheat in the neighl)orhood. But to the cironnst ances. 
Last nii^ht three work hands wrre hay maUiim within ir> or 20 rods of said 
ricks and (hey say all was as usual- -no smoke nor smell, or anything irKhcal- 
ing tire. Again one of the three wore within full view of fliem at '.» oo'lock 
p. m. and there was no appearance of lire at that time antl at 1- o'clock 



—the night was calm aad very pleasant— the whole of them was biu-nin(», and 
each of thsm felt perfectly solid to within 15 or 18 inches of the outside, 
therefore the conviction is inevitable as above hinted. Four acres were 
ricked without any rain falling after cut, the balance was thoroughly exam- 
ined and any that were damp was dried out thoroughly before ricking. 
Moreover on last Monday 1 examined every rick and all was perfectly 
cool. I was induced by a number of our neighbors saying that app:irently 
some of their ricks would heat— so much sir for civilization. 1 have 
resided in this neighborhood when horse thieves stole horses for their 
value, and passed counterfeit money for their game; but now people steal 
horses and cut their throat out of revenge, and my ricks are on the same 
track. Nineteen years ago, we could ^o to sleep with the doors open with- 
out fear, but then there was some iionor amongst thieves, but now in A. 
D. 1858 no person is safe, neither in person nor in property amongst such 
honest men as this neighborhood is partly composed. 

Very respectfully yours, 

JOHN HOLROYD, 
Fairfield Jackson Co.. Iowa, Aug 19, 1858. 

In the same column was a U. S. marshal's sale wherein Laurel Summers 
U. S. Marshal of Iowa advertised No. 3 Union block for sale on a judgment 
against S. D. and T. Lyman. 

On the same page county oilicers were shown to be as follows: 

Hellevue County Seat. Honorable Joseph Kelso, county judge; R. ii. 
Wyckoff, treasurer and recorder; J. M. Brokey, clerk: J. Watkins, sheriff; 
F. Bangs, prosecuting attorney; Dr. J. \V. Eckles, coroner Tliomas (\ Dar- 
ling, surveyor; L. L. Martin, deputy surveyor; W. Y. Earle, school fund 
commissioner; N. T. Wynkoop, drainage commissioner; J. P. Eddie, Supt. 
common schools; W. C. Beli, assessor. 

Under tnis was a notice of Maquoketa academy, Mr. C. G. Mead, prin- 
cipal, and the price of tuition ranged from $1 to $10. 
Notice to the Public — 

The electors of .lackson county, state of Iowa, are hereby notified that 
a petition is signed by a majority of legal voters of Jackson coufity, state of 
Iowa, as shown in the last census, will be presented to the county court of 
said county and state at ttie next September term, asking for the removal 
of the county seat from the town of Bellevue. Jackson county, state of 
Iowa, to the city of Maquoketa, Jackson county and state aforesaid, and 
that it be voted upon at the next Apiil election or legal election held for 
such purpose. J. E. GOODENOW, 

S. 1). TUi^r.S, 
A. G. HENDERSON. 

Maquoketa, July 15th, 1858. 

In that year P. H. Bradley was chairman of tlie Deraocralic County Cen- 
tral Committee and \Vm. E. Leilingwell was candidate for congress. 

In the same issue was ;i copy of (.^)aeen Victoria's messige of congratu- 
lations to Presidefit Huclianan for the successful laving of the Atlantic 
cable and coMiU'Clion of t,he rniliul Slates of Atnerica with Great. Ilritam 
also the president's reply. 



t .5 



68 



More About the Thrilling Crimes in Pioneer Days- 

(Complied for the Jackson County Historical Society by J. W. Ellis, Curator ) 

One of the early pioneers of Jackson county, who led a checkered life 
made a great deal of expense for the county, and died an ij^nominious 
death, was VViJliam P. Barger. Prior to 1850 Barger with his wife and three 
children were Hving on a claim in section 13 Brandon township, Jackson 
county, but in 1851 Barger got the gold fever and went to California with 
Honorable William Mordeu, and ottiers. Fortune did not smile on him 
however, he had a long run of fever and nothing but hard luck and it was 
three years before he was enabled to return to his home, in the meantime 
he had been reported dead. During his absence his wife Delia had been 
living with or coliabiting with one David McDonald, and we have been in- 
formed by those who were neighbors of the Barger's at the time, that there 
was a child born to Mrs. Barger during the absence of the said Willliam P. 
Barger which was a bone of contention between the couple after Barger's 
return. At all events Mr. and Mrs. Barger could not get along together af- 
ter his return, and at the April term of court 1854, Delia i3arger petition- 
ed for a divorce from W. P. Barger and F. Seaborough was appointed to 
take evidence in the case. 

At that time Barger was und^r indictmint for aassault with intent to 
do great bodily injury, we presume on Mrs. Barger, and at the above nam- 
ed term of court gave bond for his appearance and got change of venue to 
Jones county. At the September term of court; 1S54. the divorce case came 
up for trial and a jury was empanneled which gave Mrs. Barger a divorce 
and custody of all the children except the oldest who was ut, that time sev- 
enteen years old. Barger was enraged at the action of the court and threat- 
ened to kill Delia. ITe was arrested for malicious threats and the same be- 
ing proven he was held to keep the peace, but as he could not give bond of 
$500 the amount stipulated, was put in charge of the sheriff. The sheriff 
had contidence in Barger and allowed him to come and go where ever tie 
pleased. A short time after and during the same month the divorce was 
granted, Barger went squirrel hunting with the Sheriff's rille but instead 
of returning tiiat evening he concealed Inmself in a lot opposite to Rev. 
Kirkpatrick's place in Hellevue where Mrs. Barger was staying at the time. 
Tlie lot had a high board fence near the slrei^t. 'I'hrough one of tlie boards 
Barger cut a hole with iiis knife ttirough which he could put the rifle and 
remained there with the stoicism of an Indiati. Mrs. I>arger was warned 
by lier brot lier-in-law Kirkpatrick not to l^) outside the door, lujt sniii she 
was not afraid, and in t he early morning stepped out to wash when the 
siiarp crack of a rille was heard and the woman fell with a bullet liolo 



69- 



through the heart. Barger dropped the gun and fled but was seen and re- 
cognized by Kirkpatrick. He was arrested and tried for murder but the 
matchless skill of Leffingwell ballled the prosecution and at the April term 
of court 1856 he was granted a change of venue to Clinton county, and was 
transferred to the jail in ]^eWitt where we will leave him for the present 
and take up other murder cases in Jackson county which so inflamed tlie 
people that they took the law in their own hands and brought retribution 
to at least two cold blooded murders. 

On or about the 23rd of August 1850, George Wilson of Lamotte was 
threshing grain for Michael Carroll on his farm in section 27 Prairie Springs 
township, Jackson county. Carroll was cutting bands and a boy by name 
of Christopher lleidman was pitching bundles or sheafs. The machine 
stopped for some cause and Carroll found fault with young lleidman some- 
thing about the work. Hot words passed back and forth. Carroll was 
sharpening tlie butcher knife with which he had been cutting bands, when 
he flew into a rage and rusliing at tlie boy he strucic him in the breast witli 
the knife cutting through a rib and through one of the main arteries caus- 
ing his death almost immediately. Carroll was indicted at the September 
term of court 1850 arraigned and sent to Clinton county on account, of 
insecure jail in Jackson county. There we will leave him with Barger 
for the present. 

In 185G there was living on the banks and near the mouth of Lytles 
creek in Farmers Creek township a family by name of Conklin, consisting of 
William Conklin, his wife and a large family of children, several of them 
grown up. Conklin was a rough man and had the reputation of being a 
hard drinker. Mrs. Conklin was a large muscular woman of the ama/.oriian 
type and the progeny of tfie couple witli two exceptions were a hard lot. 
On or about the 1st day of October, 1S5(), the neighborhood was thrown into 
consternation and excitement by the report that Conklin had been murder- 
ed by his wife, assisted by his sons, Amlnadad and Elijah. The accused 
parties were arrested and indicted by the grand jury for the crime of 
murder. We will insert a copy herein of the indictment to show how such 
instruments were drawn fifty years ago. 

State of Iowa vs l^Jsther Conklin, Amlnadad Conklin, Elijah Conklin. 
Indictment for murder. A true bill. A. D. PALMER, 

Foreman of the Grand Jury. 

Witnesses: Esther Malinda Conlin, William Conklin, Ira Edwards, Jesse 
Said, James II. Said, Ann Wallace. 

Presented by tlie foreman of the grand jury in presence of said grand 
jury in open court, and tiled by me in open court, in presence of said grand 
jury this 11th day of July, 1857. I. M. BRAKE V, Clerk. 

STATE OF IOWA. ) 
County of Jackson. . \ 

In the dist rict court of said county at a special term thereof, begun 
and holden on the first Monday in July in the year of our Lord one thous- 
and eight hundred and titty seven. 

The grand jurors wILliin and for the county of Jackson and Stale of 



70 



Iowa, being first legally convoked empanneled and sworn in open court to 
inquire into indictable offenses committed within the body of the county 
of Jackson, aforesaid in the name and by the authority of the State of Iowa 
upon their oaths present: 

That Esther Conklin, Aminadab Conklin, and Elijah Cooklin, late of 
the County of Jackson aforesaid, on the first day of Otober in the year of 
our Lord one thousand eiglit hundred and fifty-six, at and in the county of 
Jackson aforesaid, with force and arms in and upon one William Conklin, 
in the peace of God and said state, then and there being feloniously, wil- 
fully, and with their malice aforethought, did make an assault, and that 
the said Esther Conkiln, with a certain knife of the value of 10 cents which 
she, the said Estlier Conklin, in her right tiand then and there, had and 
held the throat of him, the said William Conklin, feloniously, wilfully and 
of the malice aforetliought, did strike, stab and cut and that the said Es- 
tlier Conklin, with the knife aforesaid, with the striking, stabbing, cutting, 
aforesaid, did then and there give to him, the said William Conklin, in and 
upon the said throat of liim, the said William Conklin, one mortal wound, 
of the length of two inches and tlie depth of four inches, of which .said 
mortal wound, he the said William Conklin at and in the county aforesaid, 
instantly died. That Aminadab and Elijah Conklin, of the county of Jack- 
son, aforesaid, on the day and year last aforesaid, at the county aforesaid, 
feloniously and wilfully, and of their malice, aforethought were present 
aiding and abetting tiie said Esther Conklin the felony last aforesaid to do 
and commit And so the jurors aforesaid, do say that the said Esther 
Conklin, Aminadab Conkiin and Elijah Conklin, him the said William Conk- 
lin, in the manner and form aforesaid, then and there feloniously, wilfully- 
and of their aialice aforethought, did Kill and murder contrary to form of 
the statute in such cases made an provided and against the peace and 
dignity of the state of Iowa. 

R. S. HADLEY, 
Special Prosecuting Attorney of Jackson County, Iowa. 

I hereby certify the foregoing to be a true copy of the original indict- 
ment on tile in my ollice. I. M. HRAKEY, Clerk. 

July 11th, 1S5T, the case of the Conklins came on for hearing at the July 
term of the district court. R S. Hadley was appointed special prosecut- 
ing attorney and W. E. Letlingwell defended the Conklins. The following 
answer to the indictment was filed by the defendants attorney: And now 
comes the defendant in her own proper person and pleads ''Not Guilty" in 
manner and form as alleged, and of this she puts herself upon the county. 

signed, W. E. Letlingwell, Attorney for Defendant. 

The witnesses with one exception were members of tlie Conklin family, 
or related to the Conklins, and their evidence mnde it appear that tlie oki 
lady was acting in self defence when she struck the fatal blow. It was 
claimed by the Conklins that the old nuiM attempted to assault the old lady 
with a butcher knife, but that she wrested the knife from »iim and struck 
him in the nock, indicting a mortal wound, 'i^he verdict of ilie jury was 
as follows: 

We the jurors lind the defendant, not guilty as charged in tlie indict- 



ment. S. Burleson, Milton Godard, George Hay, N. T. Wynkoop, D. W. 
Garlett, H. Noble, B. L. Stuckey, H. Thompson, Daniel Potter, Enoch 
Smith, John Gilmore, V. Harrington. 

With the acquittal of Esther Conklin, the indictments against Amina- 
dab and Elijah Conklin v/ere quashed. 

The old lady and some of the younger boys were residing at Farmers 
Creek township about thirty years ago, but they never prospered; the stig- 
ma of the murder of the old man clung to them, and they were generally 
regarded with distrust. The boys were engaged in several escapades which 
cost the county a good many dollars, and it was a good job for old Jackson 
when they shook her dust from their feet. William Conklin, Jr., was well 
respected by his neighbors, as was Phoebe, who married Thomas Said, and 
Jived on the old Conklin farm until recently. It was said that little Tom 
Conklin, who could not talk very pain at that time, was being questioned 
about the killing of liis father, and he said "Minadab held dad by the hair 
while man cut his throat. 

Away back in the-eary fifties when the territory lying between the 
north and south branches of the Maquoketa was covered with a dense 
growth of primeval forest, the chief industry of tlie country was coopering, 
and almost every settler was engaged in that business. The timber consisted 
largely of oak. The red oak timber was converted into flour barrels, and the 
white oak into whiskey barrels, and pork barrels, and the principal market 
for this product was Galena. Living in the vicinity of lorn Hills in lsr,()-7 
were four or five men whose names became very prominent in the history of 
Jackson county. One of these, Henry Jarrett, a French Canadian, lived a 
few rods northwest of where George Hute now lives, and to use a common 
phrase, run a cooper shop. Residing with Jarrett and working for him was 
Alex Grifford. a nephew aged about 21, also a French Canadian, a man by 
the name of John Ingalis was working for Jarrett in 1S5<;, but Ingalls and 
Jarrett fell out and Ingalls moved on ttie farm owned by David McDonald, 
now owned by Ceph. Clark. McDonald was a professional horse trader and 
was very intimately associated with Jarrett and Ingalls and it was general- 
ly believed by the neighbors, that they were engaged in counterfeiting. Al- 
though Jarrett and Ingalls, had frequent violent quarrels they still remain- 
ed on visiting terms. On ttie 2Ttli of March, 1857, Jarrett and his wife and 
young Grifford went to Ingles place ostensibly to see Mrs. Ingles who was 
sick at tlie time. McDonald svas also present as were some other neighbors. 
The men as was quite customary in those days engaged in the pastime of 
shooting at a mark. Finally Alex Grifford suggested to Ingles that they go 
into the woods and kill a rabl)it for Mrs. Ingles. Ingles consented nnd took 
an axe and .larrett's dog and Grifford borrowed a gun, counting the bullets 
before starting and they set out in their (^uest tor game. An hour later Grif- 
ford returned saying that he saw nothing to shoot, but that Ingles liad gone 
on with the dog. He returned tlie gun with tlie tlve bullets, the exact, 
number that he started with and .McDonald fired off the gun. John Ingles 
never returned and t hree days after his disappearance a search piirty found 
him lying dead in the woods witti a bullet, hole in his head and .larrett's 
little dt)g lying across his breast. He had been shot from behind and fell 



dead with his head resting^ on a log, and his axe Jay near him just as it had 
fallen when he was shot. Grifford was arrested on suspicion, as it was well 
known he liad gone to the woods with Ingles on the day of iiis disappear- 
ance, and sutlicient evidence was produced at the inquest to hold him, and 
he was contined in the old jail at Andrew, to await the action of the grand 
jury at he next term of court. The neighborhood was very mucli excited 
over the cold bioodel murder and the people determined that Ingles' blood 
should be atoned for. J. X. Landis, a bold, determined man. who was post- 
master at Iron Mills at the time, with the aid of James Green, a man 
equally bold and determined, organized a vigilance committee, and the 
lltti day of April. ISoT, marched into Andrew and after procuring a rope 
and a black cloth from Levi Keck, who was clerking in a store there, pro- 
ceeded to the jail and demanded the keys, which were refused. 

They were prepared for refusal, however, and forced an entrance with 
sledge tiamm.ers, placing the rope around Grif ford's neck they led him to an 
old crooked tree which stood near the old Cobb hotel. After passing the 
rope over the tree the prisoner was given a chance to make a statement, 
but he claimed that he was innocent. The rope was tightened sutlicient to 
choke him and he was agiin exhorted to confess Refusing again he was 
pulled up several feet frofii the ground and held for sometime. Nvhen he was 
let down and resucitated and promised a trial if he would make a confes- 
sion. With the hop^ of reprieve the miserable young man confessed to the 
kiling of Ingles, and said that he was promised $150 by Jarrett and Dave 
McDonald for putting Ingles out of their wav. He had shot Ingles with 
a pistol. He also said that he had tried to kill Mary Saudy, a young girl 
then, who is now the widow of \Vm. Bowling. Mary had refused to dance 
with him on some occasion and he laid in wait for her and tired., a i)ullet 
through her mother's bonnet while slie was milking, mistakin^^ the old lady 
for the daughter. Afoer hearing the confession, a majority of the mob was 
in favor of hanging him immediately, although they had promised to spare 
his life for the present and Capt. Landis gave the word and the soul of 
Alexander Grifford was launched into the great beyond. When David Mc- 
Donald learned of the arrest of young Grifford he lied from the country and 
never returned. lie last was heard from in Kansas as a preacher, and a few 
years ago as an elder in the Mormon church at Salt Lake. The next morn- 
ing after the lynching of Grifford. the mob surrounded the house of Jar- 
rett, who had barricaded his house and could not be taken. John Sagers. 
who was a constable, was sent for by the mob and was requested bv the 
leader to arrest Jarrett, Sagers told tlicm if they would pledge themselves 
not to interfere with him while the prisoner was in his custody, ho would 
make the arrest. The pledge vvas given and the constable arrested .Jarrett 
and took liim to Klea/ser Mann. J. \\, for hearing. During the hearing 
the mob amused themselves as best they could ami it vvas claimed by some 
who were present, that in addition to the lire in in Mie front yard they had 
a biir jug of whiskey and had a tree picked out near l)v ou whicli thry in- 
tended to hang the prisoner, when the trial was over, regar(iless of the 
ending ot the court. Hut their plans were destined to miscarry. The 
squire's ollice and dwelling stood near a ravine and unknown to the vini- 



lances, there was a back door covered by a blanket and through this door 
Constable Sagers and Ambrose Jones hurried the prisoner into the darkness 
of as dark a night as ever fell in that locality. They made all possible 
speed in the direction of Fulton, and when missed were pursued by the mob 
like a pack of blood hounds, they were overtaken at Casteei's ford, but the 
darkness saved them, and when the mob hurried away to the other ford, 
Mr. Casteel was roused up, and he set them across the river. They went to 
Bellevue, there they took a boat for Davenport, placing Jarrett in the Scott 
county jail. The mob followed as far as Keisterts' place, between Andrew 
and Bellevue, where they were told that Jarrett had been taken to Fort 
Madison, when Landis concluded that his crowd was not enough to march 
on Fort iVIadison and they gave up the hunt. Jarrett was living a few years 
ago in ^Minnesota. 

, There is an old tradition about the disappearance of a peddler in the 
vicinity of Iron Hills in 1^(50, and of a well on Jarrett's place, having been 
tilled up in the night, and some of the old settlers still insist that if that 
old well was cleaned out, that the bones of the peddler would be found at 
the bottom. It was thought by some of the old residents, that John Ingles 
knew the fate of the peddler, and had threatened to divulge what he knew 
about that and other matters, and his life was taken to insure his silence. 
Grifford was a hot headed, violent tempered man and was generally dis- 
trused. On one occasion wtien out alone with Fielding l>owling, a mere 
boy and small for his age, he attacked the boy and beat and kicked him 
into insensibility, and he was found by his friends in that condition. In 
his last confession Grifford said there were four other persons wlioni he want- 
ed and intended to kill. The family of Ingles, the murdered man, was left 
entirely destitute and the children were taken by different presons to raise. 
One of them, Jerome, was taken by Captain Sheffield and went to sctiool 
with the writer in the old Eaton school house in what is known now as the 
Ilurstville district. 

Afcer the hanging of Alex Grifford the vigilance committee effected a 
close and complete organization each member signing an article of agree- 
ment binding themsellvcs to see to the enforcement of the law, in regard to 
punishment of criminals and to stand together in case of any attempt at 
prosecution for any of their acts as a body. 

On the 2Sth of May, hSoT, the commitee, sixty- five strong in wagons 
and on horse-back, made their way to DeWitt and with the aid of sledges 
weilded by .Mm Green and others, soon ff)and tfieinselves inside the jail. 
Carroll made no resistance and was (luictiy led out and put in a wagon, but 
Barger called upon the sheriff for protection and refused to leave the cell: 
but when the powerful grasp of James Green fastened upon him lie changed 
his mand and was hustled into a wagon, some resistance being offorod bv 
tlie sheriff. Having secured the two men tlie crowd headi'd for Andrew, the 
prisoners being hauled by a pair of mules, driven by Mart Keister. Such 
supper as could bo had was partaken of at. Golf's favern two or tliree miU's 
north of DeWitt and breakfast was eaten at old Woltnn and Wrigiits ci^rners. 
Tlie procession p:issed through main street, Ma<jUoketa, without any ftar of 
hindrance. Jerry Jenkins who was J ustice of t he Peace at that time had 



74 



threatened to take the prisoners from the mob. On hearing of this James 
Green coiled tlie rope around liis shoulders and walked into Jenkiii's oilice 
and said to him : • 'Yonder is Barger, do you want to take him" One 
glance at the grim visage of the executioner and his formidable following 
convinced Jerry that he hadn't lost any prisoners. Arriving at Andrew 
they proceeded to the same old crooked tree on which Grifford had been 
hanged a short time previous, and which seemed to have grown for that ex- 
press purpose. The end of the rope was adjusted around Barger's neck and 
William Bowling chmbed the tree and passed the other end of the rope over 
the tree and down to the men below where willing hands grasped it. The 
doomed man was given a few miinites to say what ever he wished to say. 
lie made an appeal to see his chilrdcn, whicli was denied him. The last 
words he said were: ' If you hang me it will be the meanest thing ever 
done in .Jackson county." Lindis gave orders for every man to get hold of 
the rope calling young Bowling from the tree for that puprose, a black cloth 
was put over Barger's face and at a word from the chief, the miserable old man 
was jerked into the air, where his body was whirled around and around by 
the twist of the rope and was held there until life was extincL. Wlien the 
body was taken down the Irishmaa wlio had witnessed the tragedy was told 
to take the position beneath the tree, but he was so weak that he could 
not move. At this point Hon. P. B. Bradley appealed to Landis to go no 
further, that they had done enough blood/ work for one day and prevailed 
upon him to submit the matter to a vote. Whether Carroll should be then 
hanged or turned over to the sheriff for a trial, as it was urged that he had 
not yet had a trial, a bare m;ijority was in favor of letting the law take its 
course, turning the prisoner over to the authorities, the committee disband- 
ed and returned to their liomes. The organization was kept up for some 
time, but they never had occasion to step in and enforce the law again in 
Jackson county. 

Barger was buried near the scene of his death, during the night some 
heartless wretches, took him up, placed him in a sulky, put the body in an 
upright position and left the outfit in front of the old Cobb place. There 
in ttie early morning was discovered the grim form sitt ing bolt upright ami 
holding in his hand a piece of paper calling for a drink. Let us remark here, 
that the vigilarits have always been exonerated trom this disgusting piece 
of work. That Barger was guilty of murder, cold-blooded and foul, there is 
no doubt but it was claimed by some who were in a position to know, that his 
provocation was very great, that liis wife was not only faitliless in her mar- 
riage vows, during his absecne, but subverted the menas sent h«r by him 
to her own individual use, by buying property in lier own name and then 
refusing to share it with iiim. Nathan S;iid !iad secureud a judgement 
against Barger for $1,000 for damage, or defamation of cliaracter, and was 
in a fair way to get tlie farm in Brandon township. William Graham had 
secured a tax title to said farm and W. E. Leilingweli had several hundred 
dollars charged up to Barger for legal services rendered in the several trials, 
and It seemefi improbable, after the demise of his client, that ho would be 
able to collect any part, of his bill. But Leffingwell was a mati of resources; 



he induced Graham to let him have the tax title and so got him out of the 
way. He then knocked Said's claims out by establishing: the fact that the 
farm belonged to Mrs. Barger. He afterwards got a decree to sell the proper- 
ty and got over $1,200 for it, $800 of this was for defending the rights of the 
children against Said's claims, but as his fees used up the estate the chil- 
dren got nothing. If this was not a travesty on justice and a burlesque on 
law, we can find no other name to cover the transaction. 

Lievi Keck has an interesting reminiscence of the Grifford lynching. In 
1857 he was clerking in a store in Andrew, he was fifty years younger than 
he IS now and had only been in the county a few months. He says that on 
the afternoon of April 11th, 1857, he was in the store alone, when, without 
warning, the store was filled with armed men. He admits that he was badly 
frightened, and when some of tho men called for some rope he was very 
prompt to respond to their requirements. He pointed out the different coils 
of rope and asked what they wanted and how much. One of the men took 
the end of a rope and went out into the street with it, while another 
showed him where to cut it off. A piece of black cloth was then called for 
which Levi furnished, and the crowd hurried away to the jail. Levi says 
he has never yet received pay for the goods delivered to tliose timber fellows 
on that memorable day. Mr. Keck has an old diary which contains the follow- 
in entries: "Alexander Grifford hanged April 11, 1857, at 4 p. m." "Wil- 
liam Barger hanged May 27, 1857 at 10 o'clock and ten minutes, by a mob." 



The First Vigilance Committee in Jackson County. 



(Oomplleo by J. W. Ellis for Jackson County Historical Society.) 

The following letter from an old pioneer of Jackson county explains it- 
self. 

Mr. J. W. Ellis, 

Sir:— Reading your article on Early History of Jackson county and es- 
pecially of the happenings of the early fifties, many of which I was an eye 
witness too. I am reminded tliat there is one little episode that was quite 
interesting to the people of the locality that I never s'.iw in print. About 
the year 1855, a man by the name, of Scurlock was keeping a grocery, as it 
was called in those days, but his stock in trade was principally whiskey, 
tobacco and cigars, in Dog Town, a village in Farmers Creek township, a 
little over one mile in a westerly direction from Fulton. Scurlock dispt ns- 
ed his beverages to all who came with tlie price, regardless of the fact tiiat 
he had been warned time and again, not to sell to a certain old man over 
seventy years old, who on different occasions had staggered from the saloon 
in an almost helpless condition from intoxication, and would have perished 
from cold only for the watchful care of kind neighbors. 

Finding tiiat Scurlock turned a deaf ear to all requests not to sell liquor 
to the old man and feeling tliat forbearance ceased to be a virtue, one 
young lady, Miss Amanda Breeden, now the wife of Jaaies P. Brown, of 
Maquoketa, concluded to try another remedy that occurred to her, and at 
once set out to raise a vigilance committee to try to break up the saloon, 
and succeeded in getting eight volunteers. A day was set and place for 
meeting at one Phillip Sarber's house, but the appointed time it was learn- 
ed that four of ttie volunteers iiad weakened and failed to show up at the 
rendezvous. However, tiie other four, Amanda P>reeden. captain, Mrs. .lane 
Stalder, Mrs. Mary J. Breeden and Mrs. Calvin fireeden shouldered arms 
and marched to the scene ol battle. Arrived at Scurloek's place they found 
the doors locked and barrieaded, tiiey demanded admittance but were 
promptly refused. They at once attacked the door with axe and stone 
hammer with which they came provided and demolished the lock and began 
to push tlieir way in. Scurlock threatened to knock down the lirst one ttiat 
entered, but threats liad no effect on the ladies and they crowded in and 
went after the litjuid poison, of which they found two barrels in his place 
of business. When they undertcok to demolish the barrels. Scurlock would 
catch them and pull them back to break tlie I'ovce of the blows of the axe. 
Finally two of the ladies clincheci aiui held Scurlock, wiiile the oHhts plied 
the axe and soon had 1 he barrels emptied, .lust as Ihev linised their work 
four old chaps came up witli ju^^s, but hati to take them away as empty as 



they came. This broke up Scurlock-s business for a long time, and when 
he did open again he was careful who he sold to. Ex-Sherlff Watkins, who 
kept a store in Fulton at that time, presented each of ttie ladies, who par- 
ticipated in the mob with a nice dress pattern, a token of his appreciation 
of thier good work. 

On the night of Feb. 12th, ISGo, there were several men in the bar room 
of the Grant riouse in Bellevue, among whom were Cliarles Robinson, T. 
Clancy and John Collins. From the evidence before the coroner, Collins 
was quite drunk and Robinson and Clancy were drinking pretty heavily. 
Robinson had treated and Clancy tiad treated, and Robinson wanted Collins 
to treat to the oysters. Finally Robinson set out two cans of oysters and 
the crowd ate them, and then Robinson demanded of Collins that lie pay 
two dollars for the two cans of oysters. Collins denied taht he had ordered 
the oysters or agreed to pay for them, and de3lined to pay the cliim. Rob- 
inson choked Collins and slapped his face and finally threw him on a settee 
and left him for a time; later going back and insisting again that Collins 
pay for the oysters. Collins still maintained that he never ordered tlie oys- 
ters; Robinson beat, choked and slapped Collins, and was assisted by Clancy, 
who kicked tlie drunken man, wlio offered no resistance whatever, and who 
as soon as Robinson let go his hold fell over against the settee and died. 
The men who had been beating and abusing him tried to restore him, but 
their efforts were in vain. The coroner's jury found that Collin's death was 
caused by blows and kicks ot Robinson and Clancy. The old docket of that 
year shows that Robinson and Clancy were indicted for the Killing of Collins 
and the docket also shows that there svas a continuance of the case to next 
term of court, and the entry at the next term of court shows further con- 
tinuance and that defendants had not been arrested. Collins probably had 
no friends to insist on the prosecution of the case and it was dropped from 
the records. 



Rev. Wm. Salter Offers Regrets. 



Mr. J. W. EUis, 

Maquoketa, Iowa. 

My dear Sir: I thank you for your favor of the 3rd inst. and for the 
invitation to the meeting of the Old Settlers on the 22nd, and am sorry 
that I must send my regrets that I shall he unable to attend. After now 
more tlian sixty years since I left Maquoketa, my mind still often reverts to 
the experiences of my life there with fond recollection. It gave me the 
greatest pleasure that I was permitted to be with you at the interesting: 
ceremonies you had on the 4th of July, 1905, and especially that I then met 
again my venerable and beloved friends, Mrs. Goodeuow and Mr. Anson U. 
Wilson, and the children of others of the friends of my youth, and also en- 
joyed the great courtesy and kindness of so many enlightened and noble peo- 
ple who cime a little later into the inheritance of your beautiful county. 

I thank you my dear Mr. Ellis for sending me the two numbers of the 
Annals of Jackson County you have published. They are replete with in- 
formation. Your notice of .Joseph McEIroy has recalled to me my meeting 
with his father, Hugh McElroy, at Charleston (Sabula) in March. 1S44. 
The old gentleman on learning that 1 was from New York, asked me if 1 
knew Dr. Joseph McElroy, pastor of the Grand Street Presbyterian church 
in that city. I told him that I had heard him preach, and admired him for 
his eloquence and vigor of mind. ITe is my brother and I have not seen him 
for thirty years," said the old gentleman and I thought 1 saw a resemblance 
in their features. He told me tliat he lived in Clinton county, some nine 
miles from Charleston; had a large family of eight children; had lost a 
daughter the previous year. I put those things down in a diaiy I then kept 
of my ministry. I have just now been looking over that diary and may pos- 
sibly pick some extracts or reminiscence from it for Mr. Aldrich's Annals of 
Iowa. 

With my best respects to all the oUicers and members of the Jackson 
County Historical Society. Very sincerely yours, 

Burlington, Aug. 13th, 190(i. WILLIAM SALTER. 



I 




mmis m m mm mm 



Interesting and Enjobable Program on tlie Green- 
ward and in the Cool Siiade of Second Ward 
Park. Big Picnic Dinner. 

Wednesday, Aug. 22nd the Pionears and Old Settlers of Jackson county 
held their annual meeting in Second ward park Maq-ioketa. Notwitlistand- 
ing the day was extremely warm there was a good a* tendance. A bounlilul 
picnic dinner was spread on the long tables and a speaker's stand accom- 
modated the ollicers, distinguished visitors and those who participated in 
the tine program. There was plenty of good music hy Lew Anderson's mar- 
tial baud. The Sentinel reports all it was able to put in type before going 
to press on the day of the event, lion. Geo. L. Mitchell presided at tlie 
meeting and Jas. W. Ellis acted as secretary. 



Program Old Settlers^ Meeting Aug. 22nd. 1906- 

From 10 to 12 o'clock m. entertainment by orcliestra at grounds while 
registering. 

12 M.— Dinner. 
1:.30— Called to order by President of the Day. 



Overture Orcliestra 

Invocation Rev. Lockarcl 

National Anthem Audience 

Solo— Under the Old Oak Tree Clec Niekerson 

Orchestra- 
Early Day Law Courts lion. \Vm. Graham 

Duet— IMano Nclia Collins and Trula Freeman 

Bygone Days Mrs. ^^ary Goodcnow- Anderson 

Original Poem Will Cundill 

Old Time Fiddling Lewis .\n<icr.son 

Tl»e Old Swimming Hole (by reciucst) l^r. C. M. Collins 

Iveminiscencc Chas U oylvolf 

Reading— Hridge Keeper's Daughter Laura Dahling 



4063 Sill 



Pioneering J. O. Seeley 

Heading of letters from Old Settlers from a Distance. 
Secretary's ileport. 
Election of Oilicers. 

Song— Auld Lang Syne Audience 

Officers elected.— Anson 11. Wilson, persident; Geo. L. Mitchell, vice- 
president; J. \V. Ellis, secretary and treasurer. 

A vote of tiianks was given the ollicers lor the excellent program and 
success of tlie meeting. 



Chicago, 111., Aug. lOth, 190G. 

Mr. J. W. Ellis. 

Dear Sir and Friend:— Your letter of a few daj's since received and in 
reply will say that I would dearly love to be present at the old settlers picnic 
and shake hands with so many dear old boys and girls whom I have not. seen 
for many, many long years. 1 surely enjoy these meetings so much, there are 
so many I iiave not seen for some forty years or more. ITow the time Hies; 
when I close my eyes and think back over the road which 1 have traveled 
and of the bumps I have withstood, I can hardly believe myself, but when I 
look in the glass and note the size of myself, 6 ft 32-inch tall and weight 250 
pounds, I can say, well old boy I guess you took the bumps all right. 

Now dear friend Ellis I will say that I regret very much that I can not 
be present with the dear old setters; I will try and be at the fair if I can 
get away for two or three days. I will send you something that one of my 
friends handed me the other day, 1 will show you what some people think 
of me in Chicago. Yo may say to the old folks that I will try to meet with 
them next year. With kind regards to all, I am, as ever your friend. 

JOHN 11. KEELEY, 
615 W. G3rd street, Chicago, 111. 

Dedicated to my friend Iveeley this 18th day of August, A. D. 190G. 
Here's to Keeley the policeman 
Ever faitiiful— ever there 
Watching ore us, gently guarding 
Come or go, no matter where: 
Rain or shine, wet or dry 
Hot or cold he's ever uij^h 
With his kindy words oi" welcome 
He'll escort you safe and well 
Out of harms way and will tell 
In his (|Uict, gentle manner 
What to do and how to do it, anci 
As we watcli liim from our window. 
Watching feeble mother souls. 
' With their ljurdcns, heavy lailon 

He uill help them— strong and boltl 
Caring naught of fear or favor, 



__8i 



Rich and poor to him alike 

He'll protect them from the track horse, 

or the auto, or the bike. 
Many a year we've watched and noted 
Many a time we've seen and quoted 
Deeds of valor— in his praise; 
Still wlio thinks of the policeman 
Or who says he's good and true, 
Or who thinks he needs protection 
And who gives it— they or you; 
Time will come when we shall miss nim, 
Miss his noble, manly form, 
Miss his pleasant morning greeting, 
Miss his pleasant tiand shake meeting; 
Who will guard iiis weary wanderings, 
Who will lieip him cross the street, 
Who will tender him the hand sliake, 
Who will guide his weary feet; 
Faithful servant, faithful Keeley, 
You'll be favored, bet your life 
For on record there is waiting 
Rest and comfort free from strife. 
Such is the belief of your friend 

PROF. J. D. PARISH, 70 State Street. 



Walker, Iowa, Aug. 20th, 190(;. 

My dear friend J. W. Ellis: 

I have yours of a late date before me inviting me to meet with the pi- 
oneers and old settlers of Jackson county on the 22nd inst. , though absent 
from your county for the past 23 years, I take it kindly to be remembered 
as one among you. Though not ranking among tiie very first settlers of the 
county, I had the pleasure of a personal acquaintance with many of them 
and enjoy reading the record of many as detailed in your annals of Jackson 
County. Ottier engagements here on the same day of vour meeting pre- 
vent me from taking advantage of your invitation, yet permit me briolly 
and hurriedly to give you a few imperfect reminiscences of our early days 
in Iowa. 

I first touched Iowa soil at Believue on May Uith, J^s49, and with tlie 
exception of two years spent in Illinois in ISnO-ol I have had my home 
and choice memories in beautiful and prosperous Iowa, tiiirty-two years of 
whicli was spent in Jackson county. You ask me to tell the people some- 
thing of the pioneers of Lamotte. I have to inform you that, my memory 
is not as keen as it used to be in remembering the incidents and peculiari- 
ties- of the early settlers who patiently i)reasted the diiViculties of pioneer 
life and the hardships they had to endure. Let me modify that W(^rd rinrd- 
ships for many of the brightest and best days of my lite, and now tliou^lit 
of with greatest pleasure, were those of the pioneer times. 1 have just been 
as full ot gladness and thankfulness in driving to town or church behind our 



ox-team as in more recent days behind a spanking span of roadsters in a 
cohered carriajre. My song along the road going to and from tlie grist mill 
witii a few saclis of flour or corn meal was just as vocal and hearty if not 
more so than now, when these food products are shipped to us by rail. I 
was blest by being a close neighbor to my brother, William, but counted it 
no hardship in going one or two miles to spend an hour or two in the com- 
pany of friends and neighbors. I recall with pleasure the many visits we 
had with Mr. John Hawkins, one of Richland townships early settlers, of 
Campbell Smith, Jas. Dully, Deacon Cotton, Josepli Hunter, (Kdward's 
father), the Wassons, and Pannelee of Cottonville. The pleasant meetings 
we used to have with the Campbell families, the grandfather and father of 
your popular postmaster at Bellevue. I recall too with pleasure the names 
of some of my old friends in Bellevue, Andy Relling. Andy Wood. Wm. 
Tell Wynkoop. Eii Cole, Dr. J. D. Watkins, W. A. Warren and others. Let 
me here remark thati suppose one of the first horticultural societies or- 
ganized in Iowa was here in Bellevue. At one of these meetings I tliink in 
the fall of lb54 a tine display of fruit was shown, consisting principally of 
apples and grapes. W. T. Wynkoop, I think, furnished the largest exhibit. 

Id regard to Lamotte, I mention D. O. Montague, George Belknap, 
Merrick and John Chamberlain, as being among tiie first settlers. D. O. 
Montague was trst postmaster. In order to fix upon a name for the post- 
oflice he consulted with W. A. Warren, who at tluit tim.e had a friend of 
his visiting iiim by the name of Lamotte. He had been in former years a 
lieutenant in the French army and his name was given the postoilice. 
Among others who can^e to that neighborhood were Alex, George and .1ohn- 
athan McDowell. Jonathan started the Krst hotel. Caleb McDowell, son 
of George, started a good wagon and blacksmith shop William Wright, G. 
W. Wilson, David Stover (blacksmith), R F. Morse. Jofm Van Horn, John 
McQueen, Andrew Noble and family, Ashley (irilTin, Benjamin Hutchins, 
several Potter families. You will observe that I mtntion names principally 
without any remarks to character or peculiarities. Mv memory does not 
justify entering ifito particulars, and I must not record any false impress- 
ions. Yet 1 think it js well enough to liave tlie names if notliing else of 
some of our first sett lets 

Before closing these few and hurriedly written lines, let me liere express 
my heartv and high appreciation of the work tiuit. some of vour nfli''ers are 
doing in founding' and building up the historical structure of Jackson coun- 
ty's historical association. From letters I have st^en from Mr. Harvev Keid 
enquiring after eiirly settlers, some of whom are dend and some of whom have 
moved to distant pori ions of (>ur countrv. shows with wtKii industry he is 
laboring for the be."^t and most exact information in regnr(i to the historical 
incidents of suoii f;imilies. This to my mind sliows that the annals of the 
Historical association may be considered correct and reliable, judging frv>ni 
the exhaustive character of the articles pul)li^hed in the .\nnais from the 
pen of your Curator J. W. Fllis. and knoainu a little of his svortli as an in- 
defatigable collector, of rar(^ and valuable art icU's. as witness the wealth 
and vvorth of the material he has galhend together in his mu>euin. I t\ivo 
often wondi'ied if such a grand displa\ is still conlincd to improper and in- 
adtcpiate ^uart eis. 

Bemember me kindly to friends, I'.'d. Hunter, .lotui Wriglit. II. Ueid, 
Walter Gregory and others. With everv wish \ov your prosprritv, I am. 

Yours truly, J()IIN WILSON. 



!l 



Address of Hon. Wm. Graham at Old Settlers' Meeting, 
August 22nd, 1906. 

As it is just a week over tifty years since I tirst landed in Iowa, I sup- 
Pose I liave a right to be called an Old Settler. As ttirce days later I be- 
came a citizen of this county. I believe I have a right to be counted one of 
the "Old Settlers of Jackson County." As it lacks but three weeks of a 
half century since I was enrolled as a member of the bar of Iowa, it may be 
assumed that by association and observation I know something; of its courts 
and that I am not unfamiliar with some of the legends lianded down by 
tradition of the days that antedated my arrival. Had it been left to myself 
I would liave preferred to speak of my eariler associations and my earlier 
recollections of this county, and of those who are my early contemooraries 
at the bar. But my text has been assigned to me and I must stick to it. 

1 have been requested to prepare a short paper on the early courts of 
Jackson county. VVhile all the terms of courts in Iowa liave been held with- 
in the period covered by my own life, still as I have only had personal knowl- 
edge of what happened within the past lifty years, whati have to say will 
not b9 reminiscence?, but tor the most part what 1 have gathered in the 
course of my practice from the records of the courts, or from conversations 
with members of the bar whose advent into Iowa antedated my osvn. 

The first court of record held within the limits of Jackson county was 
held June 1st, 183s, while Jackson county was part of the Territory of Wis- 
consin, by Hon. Chas. Dunn, Chief Justice of tlie Supreme Court of that 
territory, hy whom Wm. A. Warren was appointed ('rier, and W. II. Brown, 
district Attorney, and Edwin Ileeves, Attorney for the Territory. ik^side 
these two lawyers, the only other attorneys present were Thomas S. Wil- 
son, who a month later became one of the Judges of the Supreme Court of 
the Territory of Iowa; and T. P. Bennett, Hon. Tljomas Drumond, who 
for about forty years was tlie able and accomplistied judge of tlie district 
court of tlie United States at Chicago, was admitted to practice at this 
term of the court. The Territorial Legislature of Wisconsni had made pro- 
^ vision for hlolaiug court in Iowa, and the Hon. Oavid Irwin w.is assigned 
the duty of holding these terms of court, but by reason of illness was prevent - 
ed for over a year and a half from attending at any term, and liis failure to 
discliarge his judicial duties was made one ground of t he applicat ion to con- 
gress to organi/.e the Ti>rrit(H7 of Iowa. When Iowa Territory was organ- 
ized, Hon. Charles IMason, lion. Joseph Williams and lion. 'J'nomas S. Wil- 
son were appointed by I'resident \';in Buren. .Indices of its supreme court. 
On Sept. -ith, Is.JN, Hon. Charles Mason, the Cliief .lu.stioe, presi<itd at the 



first session of the District Court of Iowa Territory iu aod for Jackson 
County, J. K. Moss was appointed clerk, and the lirst case in which a jury 
was empaneled was an appeal from a justice court, wherein Charles liilts 
was plaintiff and Matthew Ringer was defendant. Some of tlie early set- 
tlers may recall the owners of these names. 

The next term was held in April, 1^39, with Don. Thomas S. Wilson on 
the bench and Morris S. Allen, afterward for many years sheriff of this 
county, was foreman of the grand jury. All the subsequent terms of court 
while Iowa was a territory were held by Judge Wilson. I think Judge VVil- 
liams never held any term in this county. I think that Judge ^Slason lield 
only one term, that in September, ls3^. He was a tine lawyer and resigned 
his seat as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court to become Commisioner of 
Patents to whicii lie was appointed by President Polk. He had graduated 
from the military academy at West Piont before he entered upon the study 
of law, and was an accomplished gentleman and scholar. 1 had the pleasure 
of entertaining him at my house in i'elievue when he was a candidate for 
the supreme court in IfjHO, and he t(>ld me tliat he had not been in Bellevue 
since he had held court there twenty-one years before. 

Jackson county had the honor of furnishiljg the lirst P'ederal Judge 
from Iowa in the person of lion. Jonh J. Dyer, who was appointed by 
President Polk in 1S4(;, District Judge of the District of Iowa, and held 
that ollice until his death in 1S55. He was a Virginian and settled in An- 
drew a year or two before his appointment as judge. 

At the first election after the admission of Iowa as a state, James Grant 
ot Davenport was elected judge of the district court of the second judicial 
district which included Jackson county. A man of ability, prompt in the 
discharge of his duty, and impatient of delay, he hurried through ttie busi- 
ness of his court, and hurried back to his home in a manner that gave great 
dissatisfaction to the members of the bar. Tlie writer has heard tfie late 
Judge Kelso relate how at one of his terms he called Ivelso up on a case 
in which he was interested and before he sat down again Judge Grant had 
tried and decided eighteen writs of error in which Kelso apiieared on one 
side or the otlier. A writ of error was the favorite way in those days of 
taki''g up a case from the justice courts. 

The late Captain Warren, of Bellevue, used to toll of Judge (Grant's 
last appearance as judge in Jackson county. On the m.orning of the second 
day lie took his carpet bag to the court room with him. and about half past 
ten o'clock he took up a writ of error in wliich JudgeSpurr appeared on one 
side and Hangs on ttie otlier. They had barely stated the case when the 
judge, liearing the whistle of a steamboat going down the river, sustained 
the writ, reversed the case, adjourned court sine die, grabbed his carjiet bag 
and started on a run for the river bank. While the boat was rounding to, 
he espied C'aptain Warren and recallin<; that tie liad loft tlie grand jury pur- 
suing their investigations, told him to go over to the court tiouso and tell 
the grand jury to go homo. Judge Cirant aflorward n^turnod to his practice, 
and before his death accumulated a larger fortune out of the practice of law 
than any other lawyer in Iowa. 



1 t 



. / 
\ / 



HON. WILLIAM C.UAIIAM. 



The story is told of Judge Grant that after he had retired from 
practice, he and his wife went to California to spend the winter, accompan- 
ied by his wife's moher. While sojournint,^ there the old lady sickened and 
died. As soon as tlie necessary preparations could be made, the judge and 
his wife took their sorrowful way home. In order that they miglit be re- 
lieved of care and responsibility on their journey, the precious casket was 
put in the care of the express company, whose general agent was a friend of 
the judge and who took special pains to arrange matters so that the mourn- 
ers should be relieved of all trouble until their arrival at Davenport. He 
failed however to tell the Judge that his company did not ship over the 
Rock Island road but over the Burlington, and that tlie casket would go 
from Omaha via Galesburg and Rock Island. On reaching Davenport Judge 
Grant, after securing a carriage for his wife, went to the express car, 
but to his surprise and vexation no casket was on board nor did any of the 
agents know anything about it. The judge impulsively rushed to the tele- 
graph ollice and sent a dispatch to his friend at San Francisco— "Where in 
Hell is my mother-in-law." And it was not until after lie received a curt 
reply, "We don't know,'" that some of the agents about the depot thought of 
suggesting that the remains had gone by way of Burlington. 

Judge Grant was succeeded in by Hon. Thomas S. Wilson of Du- 

buque, who had been one ot the first territorial judges appointed for Iowa, 
and who had held the first terras of court in Jackson County. His district 
like that of iiis predecessor, embraced all tlie counties from Muscatine to 
the Minnesota line, including those north of Linn County and was called 
the Second Judicial District. In January 1S53 the legislature organized the 
eighth judicial district and at the April election of tliat year, Hon. William 
E, Ledlingwell, wiio was president of the state senate, was chosen judge 
of this district, which comprised the countries of Jackson, Jones, Cedar, 
Clinton, Scott and Muscatine. Judge Lelliingwell did not tind the judicial 
du'.ies sulced to his taste and resigned after serving about a year. Hon. .loiin 
B. Booth of Believe, was appointed by Gov. Hempstead to all the vacancy, 
and he too resigned after a year's service. At the April election in 1S55 
Hon Aylett li. Cotton, then county judge of Clinton county, was the demo- 
cratic candidate, but Hon. William H. Tutliill of 'J'ipton, wtio was nominat- 
ed by the republicans and "Know Nothings" defeated him and servt-d until 
tiie district was divided in ISoT, land then served as judge of that part of 
the district embracing the counties of Musi^atine, Ctdar and Jones) but 
held no term in Jackson county until September, isfw. Judge Samuol Mur- 
dock of Clinton, held a term iierc in November, is^.j. Judge TiUliill was 
not a success as a judge, and after his term expired he I'ligaged in bankiujj 
and in that business passed the rtMnainder of Ids life. 

Judge Tuthill was a man of considerable literary ability and like Silas 
Wegg occasionally "dropp(>d into poetry. " Tlie story is told t hat during 
one term of court he called up a case in vvhicli it appeared that t)olh plain- 
tilT and defendant Iiad died after the case liad l)oen appealtd Ironi the jus- 
tice. Judge Tutl'.ill passeci the case ami after empaneling a jury in anoth- 
er case, was observed to be writing something, and aiter court adjourned 
for dinner the following tdfusion was found Iviii^ on the tlockel. a travesty 



'I '<( 



80 



on "Jordan am a hard road to trabble," which was the most popular ''coon 
song" of those days: 

"This here case was broufrht to the Cedar district court, 

And was p3ssed over by the Judi^e 'awardin,' 

That as deatli had claimed his rij,'iit, it was iittiu' that the hglit 

Sliould be tit on tlie other side of Jordan. 

If the lawyers who were feed in the case to proceed. 
Have received enough to pav for tlieir boardin', 
To tiuish up their task tliey sliould change of venue ask, 
And take it to the other side of Jordan. 

When the beater and the beat, and their couucel all meet, 

They cm then try their action accordin' 

To the "Iligrier Law' in force, for better or for worse, 

In tlie courts on ttie other side of Jordan. " 
In the winter of 1S5T, the business of the district was badly in arreais. 
Owing to the criuiinal cases, not a civil case had been tried in Clinton county 
for more than a year, and the docket in Scott county was also over loaded. 
So in 1S.j7, tiie lawyers pursuaded tlie legislature to divide the district' and 
Scott. Clinton Jackson counties were rruide the fourteenth judicial dist rict. 

The republicans nominated for judge S. J. Mills, who was then tnu^agtd 
in tlie luuber business in Lyons, but who iiad beeii admitted to the bar of 
New York, and about tlie tiist of March, a convention of the members of 
the bar of the district was held at Lyons, vvliich put in nomination lion. 
G. C. R. Mitcliell of Davenport. This was the first bar convention evt*r 
held in the district, if not in tlio state. 

At the April electionf which by the way was the last spring election 
held in Iowa) Judge Mitchell was triumphantly elected and his opponent 
soon after entered tlie ministry, retiring permanenty from the practice of 
law. 

Judge Mitchell held but one term in Jackson countv. He resigned in Sep- 
tember, l!S37, and lion. A. if. Bennett was appointed in liis place arid served 
until Dec. 31, is"),-^. 

The constitution of required an election of judiios of t ho district court 
in 185S, and the legislature organized the Seventh .Judicial District com- 
prising the counties of Muicatine, Scott, Clinton and Jacksoti, and the dis- 
trict has remained unchanged until the present time. At tlie October 
election is s. Judge Hennett was a candidate for ir-elect ion. having been 
nominated at a bar convention. The republicans nominated lion. John F. 
DiJon of Davenport, and although J uflge Bennett carried both Scott ai.d 
Jackson count ies, .ludge Dillon was elected l)y the l;nge majority he re- 
ceived in (Jlinton and Muscatine counties, and in Jainiary following l»egai) 
his service as judge, in which he gained such dist inguisned honor, servirsg 
tirsti as district, judge, then as judge and chief justice of the supreme couil 
of loua, and then for twelve years as circuit ju(ii:e of the federal ctuirt of 
the eighth district from which he lesigiied to resume practice in the 
city of New York, where he is still in active pr.ictice ami working as hard 



,;i,^:.rv*>Hi '''r~' -'^''"^ 
-m:^ v::, -mi n^^^' 

,,7 i!^ 



as he did when he began his distinguished career as judge in this district 
forty-seven years ago. 

Judge DiJlon was re-elected without opposition in 1S()2, the democratic 
members of tiie bar of Jackson, having so manipulated their own judicial 
convention as to leave the way clear for him. He resigned at the close of 
18G3 to take his place in the supreme bencli. Hon. J. Scott Hichman, of 
Muscatine, was appointed in his place and was elected in ISO! and re-elect- 
ed in 18GG and 1870, the last two times without a dissenting vote. He was 
an admirable judge, disposing of business rapidly and without apparent 
effort and with such accuracy and impartialty ttiat he was seldom reversed. 
He was admitted to the bar while Iowa was still a territory and is still in 
the practice of his profession, after sixt^ years at work. His career has 
had no paralel in Iowa. 

After his resignation in 1871, Hon. William F. Brannan was apnointed 
his successor and was elected in 1872, re-elected in 1874, but resigned . in 
1878 and was succeeded hy Hon. Walter I flayes, who held the position 
continuously until December 1, 188t), having been elected to congress at the 
preceding election: and a new reori?anization of our judicial system was 
again effected by the legislature. Judge Brannan was again chosen at that 
election and had he not voluntarily declined a re-election two years, ago 
would have been still on the bench. His genial manners made him a favor- 
ite with all, and every person in the entire district had an abiding faith in 
his ability as a lawyer and his integrity and impartiality as a judge. The 
people and the bar both parted witli him with genuine regret. 

Walter I. Hayes possessed many of the liighest qualitications of a law^- 
yer and few judges in Iowa were capable of transacting the duties of the 
otlice as rapidly and as accurately as he. His uncommon grasp of a case pre- 
sented to him was possessed by very few lawyers, and unless he had I). en 
requested to give a written opinion after taking it under advisement, his de- 
cision was rendered within live minutes after the closing argument had 
been delivered, and it was seldom that his judgments were reversed in the 
appellate court. After his service in congress was ended he returned to 
the practice of law, and his sudden death was a distinct loss to the piofess- 

iOD. 

Tlie courts as established under the judiciary act of is^i. could hardly be 
classed as among the "Early Courts of Iowa" and therefore do not fall uith- 
in the s'^-ope of the subject assigned to me. 

The courts wliich I liave spoken of, the supreme and district of terri- 
torial early state days, were courts of general jurisdict ion. We liad also a 
probate court botli while a part of Wisconsin Territory and also of Iowa Ter- 
ritory. While Iowa wa.s a part of Michigan there was also a probate court 
of that territory but .Jackson county was not then orgarn/t'd. 

The tirst record t)f the probate court in Jackson county wassigned Man h 
12th, is.js, by .1. K. Moss as prol)ato, judge. Those of Iowa Territor\ by 
Anson llarnngolri, W. L. Brown. Joseph Palmer and K. B. Wyckoff. I'n- 
der the code of l^.")i, county courts were established and the single judge 
which presided therein, possessed the powers and performed the duties novi 



reposed in the board of supervisors and county auditor in addition to the 
probate jurisdiction now exercised by the district court, as well as others. 
These duties were onerous and powers great. They were so exercised in 
some counties as to work great disaster and inflict heavy losses on the tax- 
payers and its jurisdiction was not curbed any too soon by the transfer' of 
nearly all its jurisdiction to the board of supervisors in 1SC»0, leaving it 
little more than a probate court. Dan F. Spurr was county judge for six 
years. Joseph Kelso for two years and Joseph II. Smith, Piiilip B. Brad- 
ley, A. L. Palmer and Joseph S. Darling were the county judges for Jack- 
son county, until its jurisdiction was merged with that of the circuit court 
in 18t)8. 

The circuit court was established in 1S()8 to relieve the district court. 
Its jurisdiction was wholly civil, and the circuit judges in Jackson county 
were George B. Young, Daniel \V. Ellis, Charles W. Chase and A. J. Letling- 
well, and by the judiciary act of 188() its business was transferred to the dis- 
trict court, which under that act possesses all the original jurisdiction exer- 
cised by the probate court and the circuit court and all tlie jurisdiction ex- 
ercised by the county court in judicial cases, being just what it was sixty 
years ago with the addition of the probate business. 

To discharge rightly the duties of a county judge under the law of 1S51. 
it was requisite that the occupant of the position should be a good lawyer, 
a careful and industrious business man and an accurate accountant and 
possessed of the strictest integrity. Judge Spurr possessed tlie tirst quali- 
fication, but lacked all the others. Judge Kelso performed his oUicial du- 
ties with credit to himself and with prolit to his constituents. Judge Smith 
was elected for the express purpose of ordering an election of the county 
seat between Bellevue and Andrew, and discharged that duty, but possessed 
no other qualitication for the place. The duties of Judges Bradley, Palmer 
and Darling were those of attending to probate business, and granting and 
refusing writs of injunction and habeas corpus: and during the second year 
of Judge Darling's term he was merely clerk of the board of supervisors. 

A good many comical stories are told of the early terms of court. One 
occurracne which took place at the tirst term which Judge Wilson lield in 
Bellevue, I have heard related bv both the judge and sheriff. There was 
no court house, and it was the dutv of the sheriff to provide a room for 
holding court. L. J. flelly had built a frame house on Front street 
(still standing and used as a saloon) and Sheriff Warren persuaded him to 
allow t\\e use of it for a court room and postpone the arranging of his gro- 
ceries on the shelves until court had adjourned. So Hefly placed his boxis 
and barrels on one side of the store room, and the sheriff extempori/.ed 
seats out of some planks which he borrowed and procured some chairs and 
two or three tables for (he judire. clerk and lawyers, lie also appointed a 
Swede by the name of Petersen (who alterward fell a victim to cholera when 
It lirst visited Bellevue) as crier of (ho court. Very pr(uid was Periersen of 
his posidon, and busied himself in walking around (he room and occasion- 
ally sliouting -'Order lu Court;" i^xhlbiing himself and enjoving his oilicial 
dignity. Quid' a number of the early sett lers were in at(endanoe and 
found tlie plank sca(s ra( her uncomfor(.il)lc. ar\(l as (he case on trial the 



—89 



second morning: involved onJv a dry question of law, lost interest in court 
proceedinRS and strolled out and sat down on the river bank opposite the 
extemporary court house, and engaged in more agreeable occupation of 
swapping lies, and steers and shotguns. The lawyers arguing the case wer<3 
Churchmen of Dubuque and Grant of Davenport, and when the former had 
finished his argument Grant rose to reply. He had a very sharp voice and 
as he always commenced on a high key, his ''Your Honor" sounded singu- 
larly like the yelp of a terrier, and the idlers on the river bank thought a 
dog iight was in progress in court, and rushed in pell-mell to see the fun. 
Petersen did liis best to maintain order, but as it was almost as "tall 
across as he was up and down" he could hardly make iiimself seen much less 
lieard. So he climbed upon Hefly's boxes and then on a hogshead, shouting 
with all his lung power "Order in Court," and stamping his foot by way of 
emphasis, he knocked in the head of the hogshead and let himself into mo- 
lasses up to his shoulders. Tiie court summariy adjourned, while the sheriff 
summoned the posse comitatus, to rescue the subsmerged bailiff and tow him 
up and down the river until the current had dissolved out his superfluous 
sweetness. 

The same judicial officers were responsible for the narration of another 
story about the same Churchman, who was in reality a good, lawyer which 
he afterwards demonistrated by his career in California in the early pioneer 
days, but wlio never obeyed the injunction of Solomon "look not upon the 
wine wlien it is red," and who was never known to decline the offer of a 
glass*of bourbon. At one of the early terms in this county. Judge Wilson 
had overruled him on several questions which nettled him greatly. A jury 
case in which \\q appeared for tlie plaintiff, had progressed so far that when 
court adjourned at noon nothing remained but the closing argument by 
Churchman. During the noon recess, the defendant, who knew Churchman's 
failing, invited him to irrigate and succeeded in getting him on the outside 
of several glasses of spirituous fruraenti and when court opened it was 
apparent to Judge Wilson that plaintiff's counsel was not in condition to 
present his case to the jury and so took up some other business to 
dispose of. The counsel was probably the only person in the court rcom 
who was oblivious of his condition and made several announcements of liis 
readiness to proceed but the court put him off. After an hour or more he 
became very insistent, and Judge Wilson said "f will not take up that case 
at present, for the court does not think you are in condit ion to properly take 
care of your client's interest." Huh, perhaps the court thinks 1 am drunk" 
Yes, Mr. Churchman, you arc very drunk" said the court. With that 
Churchman dropped into his chair, remarking solto voice. "First correct 
decision the court lias made this term." 

These incidents took place in the territorial court, but the early state 
courts were decidetily free and easy. The first term I attended in thissMte 
in September, was in marked contrast with the last one I liad attend- 
ed in New York, at which, athough recent ly admit t ed as attorney and 
counsellor, i was uncerimoniously sat upon and summarily sijuelched by the 
tipstaves, because I had the temerity to address the court ivom tlie outside 
of tlie Itar instead of stepping witliin it. The first case I lieard tried was 



the case of Adams vs. Foley, and the counsel agreed that I should report 
the evidence. I knew that I cculd write rapidly and also knew that no one 
could read my writing except myself, so I was safe against anybody convict- 
ing me of error. It occurred to me during the trial that it was incumbent 
on me to do sometliing "as my contribution to the general hilarity wliich 
prvevailed, and noticing that the siieriff. Josh Seamands, had seated him- 
self in front of the judge's bench and tilted iiis chair so that he could lean 
against the bench with his feet on the front rung in such manner that the 
tops of the front legs of tlie chair were separated two or three inches from 
the sockets, I thought I might venture a trick on him. So while waiting 
for a witness I went to him under pretense of getting a drink from a water 
pail which was near him, and leaned against him so heavily that his seat 
was slightly shifted, so that the legs of his chair would not enter the sock- 
ets should he attemi)t to sit up straight. After we had gotten started with 
the witness, I appealed to tiim to preserve better order so that 1 could hear 
the witness Tlie siieriff sliouted ''Order, order", and straightening iiim- 
self up shot out of his chair like shot from a shovel, and measured his full 
six feet of stalwart otlicial aignity on the sanded tloor to tlie astonishment 
of the Court and Bur and the evident enjoyment of the bystanders. As 
Josh picked himself up from the floor, the most sheepish looking sheriff 
ever seen in Iowa, Judge Tutthili considerately adjourned court for dinner, 
so as to give the sheriff an opportunity to brush the sand out of his clotlies. 

But if the courts proceeded in a free and easy manner, they did busi- 
ness. The case I have mentioned was an illustration. The trial was begun 
on Tuesday and a verdict for nine thousand dollars (S9,U0O) was rendered 
on Thursday. A motion for a new trial was tiled at once. I proceeded to 
write out my notes of the testimony in the shape of a bill of exceptions, 
and as court adjourned on Saturday night to meet in DeWitt on Monday 
morning. Judge Booth went there on the next Tuesday with the bill of 
exceptions duly prepared; presented his motion for a new trial while the 
Judge was taking his noon recess: and as it was overruled took his appeal 
at once. The case was docketed for the next term of the Supreme Court in 
Iowa City, was argued in DecpmbHr, was reversed in January and was baek 
again for a new trial in February, but svas never tried again. It is report- 
ed in 4th Iowa page 41 Such celerity in tliese times would give both Bench 
and Bar nervous prostration. 

Of tlie courts. meml)eis of the l*ar and otlicers of the coiintv at that 
time, Mr. I). A. Fletcher is the only one wlio is still a resident of .lackson 
county, and he witti Judire Darling (How of Little Roclc. Arkansas') and 
myself are believed to be the only survivors. If I am not mistaken, one of 
the jurors at that term of court, is one of your own number wlio is liere 
today, Anson II. Wilson, and may tie long be witti you. 

The early i)ioneers of Iowa were a sturdy and slaiwarl race. They laid 
broad and deep the foundation'^ of our conunon wealth, and from footing 
course to turret each stone and post and gilder evinces their independence 
of character, their reverence for law. and their desire that 1 hose to xnIuhii 
they should leave ( hei !• heril age should develop i-nto a riper manhood. :i 
more glorious womanhood, adcu-ncd by the culture ami retinement of 
educat ion and uphl(>d and st rengt henett bv religious conviet ioti^ Let, us 
clierish their memory and emulate (tieir <'xample. and see that (he inherit- 
ance we derived from them shall p.iss to ttiose wlu) come after us, not only 
unitn|iaired, but iuiproved l)y our stewardship. 



! . y V.' 



Old Settlers Who Registered at the 1906 Meeting. 





Where born 


When 


Came to 






born 


Iowa 






184G 


184G 






1849 


1852 






1817 


1856 






1832 


1853 






1831 


1854 






1848 


1852 






1853 


1853 






1828 


, 184G 






1845 


1847 






1853 


1850 






1827 


1850 






1847 


1847 


M. I). Lit tell 




1827 


1844 






1850 


1852 






1845 


1845 






1832 


1853 






1831 


1854 






1844 


1853 






1844 


1868 






1829 


1845 






1845 


1850 


Mrs. M. E. McDonald 




183!) 


1847 


Hiram Stevenson 


. . . New York 


1827 


1854 






1S()4 


1864 


Mrs. Martha \'an Emberg.. 




1844 


1856 


Charles Wyckoir 




1838 


1838 






1832 


1837 


Mrs. Fannie G laser 


. .. Iowa 


1842 


1842 






1834 


1854 








1845 






1848 


1848 


Joseph Brady 


. .• Pennsylvania 


1 S38 


1S5.1 






1^17 


1855 






18;!0 


1850 






isi»; 


1831) 






1830 


18o4 







1837 


1851 






1835 


1852 






1843 


1855 






1843 


1855 






1843 


185G 






1854 


1854 






1840 


1807 






1844 


1855 






1857 


1857 






1854 


1854 






1869 


1869 






18C9 


1869 




.. Iowa 


1849 


1849 






1833 


1841 






1838 


1865 






1850 


1850 


L. C. Frank 




1843 


1854- 






1853 








1823 


1852 






1854 


1856 






1839 


1870 














1842 


1865 


Dr. Chas. M. Collins 




1807 


1867 


G. A. Pless 




1841 


1866 






1845 


1845 


R. N. Woods 




1842 


1850 




• .Iowa 


1852 


1852 


Mrs. Will Cundill 




18()4 


1864 




..Ohio 


1844 


1854 








1865 






1833 


1866 






1831 


1866 






1840 




G. K. Miller 




1832 


1856 






1840 


1851 






1873 


1873 






18^0 


1856 


M. D. Watson 


. .Pennsylvania 


1844 


1865 






1831 


LS56 




..Ohio 


1S28 


1854 




..Now York 


1818 


1852 






1845 


1845 


W. 15. Svvi^'art 




lS.-)7 


1857 


Mar3' Gooilenow Aiuiorson. 


• • Iowa 


isir> 


1846 






ISKJ 


1855 






1S42 


1854 








185S 



93 







loOi 


1 Rid 


XKT "P Tlnf-ilon 




1 oou 


■ 1 8"iR 






lo-tU 








io_u 




Ho rrf7 T .itf <-»! 1 








\Trc TTrl R-^lror 




1844 


1847 






J.O<JO 


1 8-18 


Will Cundill 




XO'JcJ 










1 8i8 


D. M. Black 




1 ouu 








looo 


lOUU 








±ooo 








18~>^ 


Mrs. Susan Gordon Reynolds. .Ohio 




AO 'JO 








1 8''i8 








18^»7 






J.Oi>«> 








xouo 


1 8R8 






1S45 


1853 






1841 


- 1851 






1851 


1851 






1844 


1868 






1848 


1848 


J. N.Nims 




1846 


1846 






1863 


1863 



Different Points of View. 



(Written by Will Oundiil ot Maquoketa, Iowa, and Read at Old Settler's Meeting, Au/ust 

22nd, 190S.) 

This world is what you see of it as life you journey throu^,'h, 
And nothinj? in it happens that looks the same to two; 
The very self same feature, in the very self samepame, 
To the best of friends and neighbors will never look the same. 

A friendship may be broken and lost beyond recall 

In a foolish controversy about a ^'ame of ball; 

When two good natured people both upright, square and true, . 

Just happen to be looking from a dillerent point of view. 

Don't call your friend a "knocker" if with him you don't agree, 

His judgment is as dear to him as ours to you and me; 

He's a right to his opinions and to express them too, 

For it may be he was looking from a better point of view. 

And if you meet some others who think the same as he, 
Don't intimate they're aged and say they cannot see; 
Their vision and their judgement may seem at fault to you, 
When perhaps they all were looking from a better point of view. 

And when luck seems against you, don't let your feet get cold. 
Or be a howling quitter and claim the game was sold; 
Don't call the umpire rotten and make the air look blue, 
It may be he was looking from a better point of view. 

And if you back your judgment with money on the game, 
Don't squeal if your a loser keep on smiling just the same 
The man who wins your money was no more sure tlian you, 
* But he happened to be looking from a better point of view. 

In the long nm truth is mighty and the right will always win. 
So be honest and above board in every doal y(»ur in; 
And when you meet a nciglibor wlu) don't agree with you, 
Just remember he is looking from a dillereut pv)lnt of viesv. 



J/ 10 n. 



n A 



Address by Mrs. Mary Goodenow-Anderson at the Old 
Settlers' Meeting August 22nd, 1906. 

To those who meet today greeting to those who have passed on from 
mortal ken— a longing to again clasp hand and look into eyes that repsonded 
kindly and lovingly. It is hard to to be quite satisfied with less than all. 
Life is not just the same to any of us s^ho face vacant chairs, empty places. 
Memories however dear and sweet come shining through the mists of regret 
and the today, no matter how full, lacks something of entireness. One by 
one our dear ones join the silent majority. Shall we call them dead? There 
is no halting in the great law of universal compensation. We say "the body 
perishes," not so, only the form clianges. The study of natural law teaches 
that no particle of created matter can ever be destroyed. If we could look upon 
what we call death liglitly, separate it from the judgement and repugnance 
of the temporal senses, would we not see that the processes of decay are as 
beautiful as those of new growth, and but links in the chain of all life. 
Why this fear? If the great Orderer of the universe takes care of each atom 
of matter will he suffer tiie spirit to perisliV Since we love we must grieve. 
Even to those who trust the future most implicityJy the void seems awful, 
yet so far as we may, let us remember to our Iiearts easing, that what we 
call death is only change and holding our love close to our hearts, pick our 
stepping places with care lest we stumble and Jose our hold on so sacred a 
thing. 'Tis not wise or natural to live on regrets. The yesterdays with 
all tlieir dear associations, lioiding as they do the record of so much that is 
heroic, worthy, and as always the record of frailties and limitations, are our 
lessons for today. The Pioneers, like all people of all times were interde- 
pendent. The broad rich prairie awaiting iiis developing hand begot a broad- 
ness of heart and character. The noblest kind of education was going on in 
each furrow turned, each seed dropped into the fructifying earth. Those log 
cabins! Those patient workers! What hearth stones were laid! What vir- 
tues amplified and fortified! Always the home instinct suffering all, over, 
ruling all! Emerson tells us that ''the world globes itself in a drop of 
dew." Every man's country globes itself in his hearth stone. All the prin- 
ciples of true government have liere their inception. Let each family be 
rightly regulated and governed and we'd need no laws, couU\ liave no wars. 
"Here as in nations, each must stand in right relations to the others. If 
any trespass on the peace all suffer." The l)est citizen is he who rosiiocts 
the rights of others. lienetits must be mutual to be just. Tins genoralionS 



^ ; ; :/ 



—96 



turmoil over capital and labor shows us how fatal it is to if^nore a basic 
law and shows too, how far the men of the nation have departed from primi- 
tive brotherhood. Too much liberty breeds license, too much luxury breeds 
seltishness. Into ^Nlaquoketa's log cabins the lust of greed had not crept. To 
safely shelter and feed the wife and children, to stand as a wall of strength be- 
tween them and danger was the husband's province. What of the wife? 
How passed tlie hours? Perhaos a bride standing in the cabin door looking 
with hand shaded, tear moistened eyes away to the horizon's glorious 
sweep. Wealth of prairie, wealth of promise, but oh! the loneliness of it 
all, the hungering for one's kind, through the days of sun and shower, 
through the star lit silent nigiit, a silence broken only by a bird's plaint 
or a wild beast's bark or howl. Then came motherhood. With quick iiidra vy- 
ing breath, I try to think what it meant to that heart and life. Tlie Hood 
gates are open. Maternity deluges the woman with an ecstacy. The lii^tle 
form lies through the night hours close to the tremulous heart, while every 
hour of the day seems shortened and electrified with the wonder and joy of 
it, all latent powers are aroused, the woman is vitalized, energized. The 
world has an awakened force to deal with, the unknown quantity has solv- 
ed the equation. 

Do you think you know what love is 

You who have never been a mother? 
• Do you think you know the ecstacy of love, 

By loving any other? 
All other love has some small grain of self, 

Mingling with warp or woof: 
Asks something ere it gives it's all 

And needs replenishment and proof, 
But baby since you came into my life, 

I know all other love led up to thee: 
And I was grandly crowned, when was vouch-safed 

The crown of motherhood to me. 

I so often compare in my mind our city of today, with its 
luxuries and privilege with those log cabin times and later on. Are 
we better, are we happier? ' I'd love to be a girl again," says tlie song and 
I echo it. The days were never long enough for the good times on tap, al- 
ways hated to go to bed, but when once asleep it seemed like death to get 
awake. Mark Twain said, "the most dangerous thing a man can do is to go 
to bed. More people die there than with tlieir boots on." We must have 
shared an unnamed fear for this going to bed was a court of last resort. We 
were as one big family. The uniiampered conditions begot 
a fellowship and freedom that can belong only to new settlements. 1 for 
one, would be glad to turn back the page again, eat my salted potatoes and 
sweet salt pork, (my mouth waters) build houses in the wet sand piles over 
my bared feet, pick up goose feathers from tlie dew-wet grass to make my 
pillow as big as some other girls and later on the fullness and sweetness of 
unfolding years. If any living being has had a fuller, jollier, more blessed 
life than I, I've yet to learn of it. I am thankful to the very bottom of my 



heart that I was born and lived the life of a pioneer, to feel that I am part 
and parcel of tliis fruitful soil, that every cell of my body has been fed on 
this prairie ozone, tljat I can carry with me in life and all beyond the hal- 
lowed memories of parental environment so unselfish, so devoted, so sweet 
and strong with the essence of truest manhood and womanhood. Shame to 
us who do not, at least prayerfully try to live in some degree worthy of such 
examples. The last night's sleeping time is coming to us, can we not live 
each day so that each nights sleepy time will tind us— trusting and asking. 

As night and dew steal soft o'er tired day. 

So may sleeps wings fan weariness away. 
And cooling shadows brood o'er toil and iieat. 

While dreams sweet mystery your dearest joys repeat. 
Why should we fear the pulseless rest that comes. 

When care and pain their round of work ijave done? 
Like little chidren 'lay me down to sleep,' 

Trusting a risen Lord "our souls to keep." 



Andrew Clark, an Old Settler of Jackson County, residing near Iron 
Hill and who is also a veteran of the Mexican war, was in attendance at 
the Old Settler's meeting last Wednesday. Mr. Clark enlisted in Columbus, 
O., in Co. E, 4th Infantry in 184G and served until the end of tlie war. Went 
down the river on a steamboat to New Orleans, and on ship from there to 
Mattamoras, served under General Taylor first and later under General 
Scott. Went as far as Pueblo where he was detained for Garrison duty, un- 
til the fall of Mexico City and treaty of Peace. 



Discovers An Old Grave. 

Sometliinof like 57 years ago» Peter Jerman, while dio^^ring a well on the 
land then owned by him in South Fork Township, two miles north of Ma- 
quoketa, now owned by A. J. York, was killed by the well caving m on 
him, when about 15 or 20 feet deep. Mrs. Jerman, who was a relative of 
the writer, told the neighbors afterwards that Mr. Jerman dreaded for 
some reason to go down in the well to work on that particular morning, but 
was anxoius to complete tlie well and went down to work. The ground was 
very sandy and caved in. The alarm was given and the settlers 
gathered at the place and made heroic efforts to rescue the 
poor fellow alive, but were unable to do so. The tragedy created a great 
deal of excitement at the time. Mr. E. D Shinkle, who is a resident of 
Maquoketa at this writing, was present at the funeral of Mr. Jerman, who 
was buried on liis land about 200 ft from where he was killed, by the side of 
a little son, who had preceded him. About two years after Mr. .lerman's 
tragic death, his wife died and was buried by the side of the husband. The 
graves were fenced and the fence kept up for many years, but after a lapse 
of 40 or 50 years the land was sold and the sons moved away and the fence 
rotted down. The land where the graves were, was pastured and in time all 
marks that would have lead to the identity of the graves were obhterated. 
but in August, 190(), Joseph Jerman came back to visit relatives and take a 
look at the old place where he iirst saw tlie light in 1^45 and learning the 
conditions of the grave of his parents and little brother, determined 1o try 
to recover their remains on the 2:?rd of August. He repaired to the spot 
with proper tools, for digging and with the aid of some of his relatives dis- 
covered the graves and recovered tlie bones and ashes of the dead, finding 
the black walnut covins still holding together, after a period of considerably 
more than half a century. The child was buried about 1847 or ISts, the 
father in 1S40 and the mother in IS.')! or 1^52. Mr. .lermun deposited the re- 
mains in the E^sgate cemetery and will have them suitably marked while 
here. 

Peter .leruuin was one of the earliest pioneers of .lackson county. His 
name appearing on the records as early as 1S3S. At the time of liis death 
he had one of the best improved farms in tlie Forks of the Maquoketa. lie 
was a French Canadian and canit' to this locality with a French colony, 
among whom was his brother Oliver .lerman, llenry .larrett, Charles Hillo, 
Charles C.adwaugh, Abram Paniels. a Mr. Fredrick, Mr. Hywalers and oth- 
ers whose names have escaped my uuMuory. .) \v. 



99 



Address by Chas. Wyckoff at Old Settlers Meeting. 

Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen: 

Permit me to thank the oHicers of this association for the iionor confer- 
red upon me in extending? to me this invitation to add my little mite. 

It is sometimes very ditllcult to know what to say, and sometimes som.e 
little thing will happen that will take all the good things out of his speech 
and turn them against him that spoke. I well remember that on one occa- 
sion I had the wind, so to speak, all taken out of me. and for a short time 
regretted that I had spoken. Some will remember th.at at one time I made 
the attempt to preach, and for one year went to Lamotte and tr^ed to 
preach in the Baptist church. Another fact that is well known in my 
neighborhood is that I am very popular among the children. .Vmong them 
it is never Mr. Wcykoff, bub, '^How are you, CharleyV", or, "Here comes 
the old strawberry man. " from the time I leave my iiome until 1 return, 
and many of ttie old man's hard earned pennies go to keep their minds re- 
freshed. 

At the time I speak of, some thirty-tive years ago. I was younger than 
now and had a better opinion of myself than I have now. I liad invited an- 
other preacher to go with me and till my appointments, one at Lamotte and 
one at Cottonville. As we apnroached Lamotte I took occasion to impress 
upon the mind of my brother preacher that lie was aOout to visit a second 
garden of Eden telling him that the little town supported two churches, the 
M. E. and the Baptist, that there were two Sunday schools, tiiat the men 
were all God-lovine: and church going, that the women were not only relig- 
ious but good looking, that the children all attended Sunday school and were 
well behaved, no vulgar or profane language was heard, and that the chil- 
dren all loved me and respected my high calling, and I took part icular pains 
to impress upon tiis mind that this liappy state of affairs was partly brougiit 
about by my personal efforts, and especially tiiat my kindness to ti)e chil- 
dren and example I had set with my familiarity witii them had added large- 
ly in bringing about the happy state of affairs in ti)e little town iie was 
about to visit. As we were entering the town and I was pointing o\it to 
him the two churches, two boys were playing by the roadside. One of them 

jumped up and said -'J C Joe. liere comes Charley Wcykoff." Tliat 

old prcaciier turned around and gave me a look 1 shall not t ry to desrcibe. 
for at least at the time my feelings can be more easily be imagined t han de- 
scribed. 

As we were returning home the preacher took occasion to give me a cur- 
tain lecture. lie said I was commit t ing a sin by my kindness to clnldren, 
was by my familiarity teaching them to disrespect the ministry. He said it 
was my duty to be reserved arui dignilied, and set them a Godly example. 



mi: 



1 7 



10< 



etc., aud so on. WeJl, I am billing to admit that for a moment the expres- '\ 
siou of the boy did not exactly suit, or in other words did not add force to j 
what I was saying, but when I had time to tT)ink, I was pleased to know j 
that boy did not manifest disrespect, but both joy and surprise, and that 
my preacher brother was mistaken, and while perhaps the language the boy 
used to express his feelings might not have been proper, it was at least for- 
cible; and right here, let me say, that preacher deserted Iiis wife and chil- 
dren aud skipped with another woman, and I have continued to mingle with 
children, wliether right or wrong 

But my friend'?, I had forgotten that 1 was requested to say something 
about the early settling of Van Buren township and have been taking up 
your time talking about myself. 2^ow if the request had been to make a lit- 
tle political speech, I would have known how to commence; would have ! 
commenced to abuse the republican party and all of the candidates on their | 
ticket, because it makes no difference what is said, as oi^ly the people who ; 
belong to ttie party that the speaker does will pay any attention to what is 
said. But wlien he is requested to give some historical facts, one should be 
sure of what he is talking about. 

As far as I have been able to learn. John Jones, W. II. Vandeventer 
and Andrew Farley, Dennis Cotton, \Vm. batta, M. VV. Tisdale, a Mr. Walk- 
er and Azariah Prusia, all settled in or near Van Buren township in 1.^37. 
Id the spring of 1S38, Samuel Durant, Ephraim Elsworth and Bartholomew 
Corwin, who were driven out of Canada during the Patriot war because they 
would not hurraii for the Queen. On the tirst day of September, my father, 
R. B. VVcykOff, crossed tiie river into Iowa and settled where I now live. 
In the spring of 1S39 T. J. Pearce, 1). F. Fletcher, and David Swaney came 
from Michigan and made settlement in the township, on land owned by 
some of their families. During tlie years from '37 to and including '40, 
there were at least fifteen families made settlement, j 

Now if I should attempt to write anything like a historical fact or these 
early settlers, it would be too long to read on this occasion, besides, I should 
get my name in the papers and become a great historian, I will only on 
this occasion speak of two— Dennis Collins and Bart Corwin. Dennis Col- 
lins was beaten almost to death and made to give up the little money he 
had, by two men. The men were tracked to Beilevue, and Mr. Collins was 
put in a bed, he being unable to sit up in consequence of tlie beating he had 
received, and taken to Beilevue with an ox team, and positively identihed 
the tow men, who were arrested and trisd. Some three of that good man 
Brown's friends swore positively tliat they had played cards with the prison- 
ers all nigiit the night of the robbery. Mr. Collins had to return iiome 
without Ids money, and the robbers wont unpunished. . 

Mr. Corwin liad a family of little cliildre»i and a sick wife, who died a 
few montlis after his arrival, lie had no money, but had a good team of 
horses. A couple of men came along and he sold t hem his horses so he could 
buy some of tlie necessaries of life, aud they paid him every penny in coun- 
terfeit money. Ho followed them to Beilevue and found his liorscs in 
Brown's stable, anci Brown refused to give tliem up, and told hlni to hike \' 
out or he would get inU) trouble claiming other people's horses- that they i 



V 



ly. I ' ^( J ni 'i if 



.1 



101 



were not and never had been his. Bo he had to go home to his motherless 
children without horses or one penny in money, and right here permit me 
to say as a citizen of Jackson who has lived a long life among you and know 
of these things, that it grieves me to think that any writer will write any- 
thing that reflects upon the good name of Captain Warren for the part he 
played in ridding Jackson county of that good man Brown and his gang. 

One other of the early settlers created quite a sensation, which it will 
perhaps be well for me to mention, and that is Johrj Jonas, lie took up a 
claim where the stone comes to the top of the ground in places and there is 
iron ore among the stone. Jonas made it known to the world that he h.ad 
great copper diggings lie went to St. Louis and induced a number of fam- 
ilies to come to his copper mines, built quite a house and rigged some kind 
of smelting works, got some expert smelters, and when he found he could 
not get any copper he salted it with copper. The place was known for miles 
as The Copper I3iggings. Copper creek was named for it. The result was 
when the people came to know how they had been humbugged, Jonas was 
gone, and some of tlie families were so poor they could not get away, and 
settled and made good homes, and in after years their curses of Jonas were 
turned to praises. 

But if I don't stop right here I shall get my name in the papers as a 
writer of ancient history. At another time I told my political history about 
Bill Dunlap naming his famous bull, Sir Charles, and what a fellow he was 
to bellow. And now in conclusion, permit me to say something about the 
present. I am like the young man who went the tirst time to see liis girl. 
He was invited into the parlor and he took a seat in the opposite corner 
from where the girl sat, and after some twenty minutes, said, "1 am glad I 
am here." After some time the girl said, "I am glad you are liere." My 
friends, I am glad I am here today, and I beleive that there are some here 
that are glad I am here, for as the years pass the old settlers keep dropping 
out and the ties of friendsliip grow stronger with us tiiat are left, and these 
gatherings are oases in the desert ot life. We come here and sve leave at 
home our nationality, our politics, the sectarian part of our religion, forget 
for a time our busicess perplexities. We meet as a baud of brothers. The 
object is to have a good time, to renew acquaintances, to talk over old 
times, and there is something in these meetings that will teach the young 
to remember us after we tiave passed over the river, and when I look over 
an assembly of people made up of old and young, meetinsr in this beautiful 
city, surrounded by so many beautiful homes, and remember that God has 
saved my life and permitted me to see it all brought about by the energy 
of the early settlers who by their untiring efforts have transformed this 
once wilderness, one which tlie wild man roamed, to one of the best culti- 
vated and productive parts of earth, peopled by loving and happy people, it 
is a happv thought for me to know that although it is little 1 have done, 1 
Inve been present while these things have been brought about, and that 1 
am in good healtli and am permitted to bv present, at this meeting, and I 
tiopc that th(>s'3 gatherir)gs A-ili continue. 'I'luw are of lasting henelit to the 
country. Thiy help such men as Harvey Kcici, .1. W. lOllis and Farmer 
iiuckhorn write and pri:pare liistoiy to be haiuied down to future genera- 



■102 



tioDS. They help us to forget our trials and troubles. They make us for- 
get that wc are old, and make us feel young and for a time live over our 
lives. They help to break downcast. They help to drive away malice, 
hatred and ill will toward one another. They help us to use charity, love, 
virtue, patience, temperance, Godliness and brotherly kindness for the poss- 
ession of which an abundant entrance is promised us into the everlasting 
kingdom. 

Keep up these social gatherings, and let us all do our part to cultivate 
the spirit of charity or love, which is tl^e golden ladder that reaches from 
earth to heaven. When this spirit of love becomes the ruling spirit of 
mankind, 'wars will cease, the sectarian walls that divide christian world 
will crumble to dust, envy, hatred and malice will recede, and happiness 
before unknown will be man's crowning glory, and earth become heaven and 
hell .a fable. 



OUR TERRITORIAL PIONEERS. 



An Old Trail and the Part It Played in Early Jackson 

County Settlement. 

(Written by Farmer Buckhorn for the Jacksou County Historical Society.) 

When the Black Hawk purchase was opened for settlement June 1, 1833, 
Benjamin \V. Clark, who settled at Rock Island in 1S27 or 28, crossed over 
into Missouri territory and staked a claim where Buffalo, Iowa, is now sit- 
uated. With an eye on the future he claimed about two thousand acres of 
land lying up and down the Mississippi river and early in 1834 established 
the only ferry across the river between Dubuque and Ef'lint Hills, now J^ur- 
lingbon. As the location for a future town was at that point one of the best 
along the river, it was Clark's dream to see one of the best river towns in 
the territory at that place. With that end in view, he opened up a road 
south forty miles to Monmouth, Illinois, to induce the tide of immigration 
to trend toward his ferry. In the same year— 1834— he got one John Shook 
to take a claim at tlie Wapsipinicon river and establish a crossing there. 
He made arrangements with Allen Wallace Pence and his brother, Solomon, 
to blaze out a trail north to Dubuuqe and establish a crossing at the Maquo- 
Ifeta river. It was Clark's idea to open up a road through the bsst part of 
the Black Ilawk purchase and thereby lead settlers that way to people the 
most beautiful and the most fertile country in God's domain and make the 
Cedar, Wapsie and Maquoketa vallies tributary to the city of liis dreams. 

In 1835, he, in compauy^with two others. Captain E. A. Mix and a Dr. 
Pillsbury of Buffalo, N. Y., platted and laid out a town and named the 
town Buffalo, after Dr. Pillsbury's home town. On account of the opposi- 
tion of strong forces working in the interest of Davenport he failed to make 
of Buffalo wiiat lie had hoped. But his north and south road did bring 
many settlers into the country tributary to it, and a good many to western 
Jackson county, the first of whom were Wallace. Solomon and Gabriel Pence, 
who became ac(iuainted witii the locality while in the interest of Clark's 
road in 1831 and settled iiere in April of the year 1830. 

The Pence men were sons of Judge John l^cnce who came from Shenan- 
doah Valley,, Va., to Monmouth, HI., and later— 1828— to Kock Island, 
tlien in 1829 to Henderson county, Illinois, near where the town of .\quaka 
now is. U was from this point the Fence brothers tirsL came into what is 
now Iowa. Tliis old road or trail crossed the Wapsie north of Allen's Grove, 



- — 104 



Bear Creek, near where Mill Rock is situated and the South Fork of the 
Maquoketa about a mile above the present Cheneworth bridge. Along: or 
near this old trail in after years sprung up Mill Rock, Fremont (Baldwin), 
Canton, Emeline (first called the "Four Corners") and Iron Hills in Jack- 
son county. By that road came several families in 1830. 

The point where this old Dubuque and Buffalo road crossed the South 
Fork was, atfer the country began to be settled, known as "Dodge's Ford-', 
so called after one who is said to have been an eccentric, mysterious old hermi t 
who settled near there in an early day— about 1837 or 38— and iiad a little 
clearing where he raised a small crop each year. According to old settlers, 
he had as little to do with his fellow mortals as possible, and no amount of 
inquisitiveness on their part led to any light as to where he came from or. 
as to his past life. It was believed by many he was one of those individuals 
that are often met with on the frontier, who are either keeping d;irk to 
evade the law, or are seif appointed exiles from an older civilization that 
they have become estranged from. 

Those who came into Jackson county in 1836 by the way of Clark's ferry 
at Buffalo and followed the Clark trail north, with two exceptions, settled 
in what became Monmouth township. Those two, James Redden and Thom- 
as Wood, settled along what became the west line of South Fork township, 
Kedden on the northwest quarter of section nineteen, near where the pres- 
ent house of D. F. Scheib is situated. He was a brother-in-law of Samuel 
Scheib, and I believe, came from Pennsylvania. His children were James. 
John, Steven, Larkin and Anna Redden-Cook. Thomas Wood settled on the 
southwest quarter of the same section on the east side of quarter section 
line, east of the west line, and about twenty rods south of wiiere now is 
the Maquoketa and Anaraosa road. There he built his tirst cabin. He 
built later where the Allison house is now. He was a native of Kentucky 
and came to Iowa, then Michigan territory, from southern Indiana. FTere 
he lived, raised six children— John, Joseph, Manurvey, Anna, Mary and one 
1 have forgotten— and died at old age and always respected. He came here 
single and on a trip back to Indiana became acquainted with a young girl 
who was wholly depending 'ipon herself for support. Wood told her lie had 
a cabin and a claim out in the western wilds and if she would marry him 
he would give her a home such as it was. The offer was accepted and a 
pioneer life commenced. They were always known in later years as, "Aunt 
Sophia and Unclp Tommy." 

Wallace Pence and two of his brothers. Solomon and Gabriel, as afore- 
mentioned, settled in wliat became Monmoutti township, in tlie spring of 
1830, and were the first settlers in tlie Matiuoketa valley. Wallace built his 
first cabin on the northeast quarter of section twenty-three just west of the 
present Bear Creek bridge, and in what is now the southeast corner of Wm. 
Pence's tield at the three corners of the road. Solomon settled ofi what be- 
came the norlhwost (juarter of section twenty-throe (then unsiirveyod) and 
built just bouth of where ttie prc-ent liighway is no.ir 1 ho foot of a low hill 
about one-fourth of a mile east of r>oar Creek. In later years in tfiat old 
log house, several tinns he eiitortaitu-d \\ s. (Irant. then of CaUMia. l)ut in 



after years Lieutenant General of the Federal army during the Civil war 
and later twice President of the United States. 

Gabriel Pence settled a little further west nearer where Baldwin Is 
(don't know the exact numbers) these tliree Pence's gave to Iowa the fol- 
lowing increase: Of the Wallace Pence family, seven— Elvira, Robert,. Mar- 
tha, Mary, William Harriet and Napoleon B. Of the Solomon Pence family, 
there were eight— Lucinda, Curtis, Phoebe, Susan, Malissa, Montana, Jos- 
eph and Solomon J; and of the Gabriel Pence family there were ten— Eliza- 
beth, John, Rachael, George, Allen, Ilauna, Eliza, Mary, Liddie and Gab- 
riel, Jr. Twenty-tive all told, many of whom hive kept the Fance blood 
flowing and have brou.^ht forth— if not "an hundred fold"— nearly as many 
as *'Dad and Mara. " 

Joseph Skinner was a native of Virginia and came to what is now Jack- 
son county, Iowa, in July of 1836, staked a claim and built his cabin near 
the banks of Hear Creek a few rods southwest of where the Midland deoot 
at Baldwin now is, on the northwest quarter of section 22 Monmouth town- 
ship, and resided thereon many years. He married Jane Beer, who bore him 
the following family: James, who was a soldier in the Civil war in an Illi- 
nois regiment, John, Leon, Margaret Skinner-Watson, Julia Skinner-Wiven- 
ious and Lena, who, never married. 

I do not know the native state of the Perkins family, or the names of 
children they reared, or the numbers of the land they claimed on coming 
here in 183G, but it was north of the South Fork of the Maciuoketa river 
somewhere in section thirteen Monmouth township. There vvere at least 
three of the Perkins at man's estate— Calvin, Zen Perkins and Xeuophon. 
It was XenophoQ Perkins who was murdered in 1842 bv Jofeph Jackson, 
who had a claim on the south bank of the Maquoketa river near the mouth 
of Beer Creek. 

Joshua Beer, another 1830 settler, claimed land In vvliat became Mon- 
mouth township and erected his log cabin about eighty rods due west of 
the present Main street of Baldwin in the northwest (juarter of section 
twenty-one. The first sctiool house in ^lonmouth township was built on his 
land 1 believe. It was situated just south of the present limits of Baldwin 
and was called "Shake Kag Schoolhouse. Beer Creek was named after 
Joshua Beer, lie was an enthusiastic hunter and while on a hunting ex- 
pedition with David Scott they discovered Burt's caves in the Forks of the 
Maquoketa. In Joshua Beer's family there were six children -James, John, 
Ilanna who became Solomon Pence's second, wife, Jane, wife of Joseph 
Skinner, Margaret married Elijah Nichols who died in the army, and Mary 
wed William Lane. All Beer owned, besides his children when he got here, 
was an ox care and a yoke of cattle. I believe he came here a widower. 
Understand the family are now all dead 

David Scott came from Kentucky to what is now Monmouth township, 
Jackson county, Iowa, in is.^i, in company with James Redden. Joshua 
Beer, Joseph Skinner, Calvin Perkins, Z. and Xenophon I'erkins, Thomas 
Wood and a family of IMngrys, 1 can't learn anything about. They orossiul 
the Wapsipiiiicon on a raft July 4th, Is.'M, and that evenirig camped on the 
south bank of the Matiuoketa near vvliat has always hcerj known as More- 



100 



head's Ford. They had been directed to this locality by the three Pence 
brothers who met them between here and Clark's ferry. The Tences were 
going back to Illinois after their families, having staked claims, buiit cabins 
and broken land earlier in the season. David Scott first claimed land north 
of the river and built a log house on what is now the northsvest quarter of 
section thirteen (as near as I can learn) and lived there some years. But 
according to Dr. Scott's information, Scott not fuliilling all requirements 
had his claim taken from him by some process or other by Calvin Teeple. 
Scott was illiterate and did not have a proper knowledge of the land ruies. 
Scott was not only Scott by name but Scott by pedigree, and loosing his 
claim quickened his Scotch blood and he made some threats of "mopping 
the earth" vvith Teeple's anatomy. At a raising Scott went up to Teeple 
and put his arms around him saying, "Cal, how I love you," and gave him 
a mighty hug that caused Teeple to bs small in the waist. Teeple had 
Scott put under bonds to keep the peace as to Teeple, which was a safe thing 
to do as Scott was a powerful man and might have given him another hug 
some time that would have made him look like twins. After that Scott 
got a claim south of where Baldwin is, and built near the south bank of 
Beer Creek. That land I believe is still in the Scott family. 

The wife of Scott was only fourteen years of age when she married, and 
before she was fifteen was mother to a little girl (Edith). This girl was a 
young woman w^hen they came west. She married Calvin Perkins in 1S3j<. 
They were the lirst whites in Monmouth township to wed. The course of 
true love didn't run smooth in their case as Scott did not like tlie Perkins 
and put an embargo on the proceedings, but Cupid was the same irrepressi- 
ble little cuss in the earliest days of Jackson county as now, and loves young 
dream was just as much of a nightmare and called for the same heroic 
treatment, so an elopement followed and a wedding at some "Gretna Green. ' ' 
After Calvin Perkins and Edith Scott were married they left this county 
and settled farther north on Turkey river, where they lived some years until 
Perkins died. 

David Scott was married to Miss Holly Skinner who bore him ten chil- 
dren—Joseph, Marion, David, Jr., William, John, Edith, Scott- Perkins. 
Emily Scott-Gibson, Malinda Scott-Douglas, Amanda Scott- Atherton and 
Rosa, wlio was an epileptic and never married. Tsvo of this family were 
Civil war soldiers. William enlisted in Company 11, 16th Iowa Infantry. 
I am told that one week from tlie day he was mustered in he was in the 
battle 01 Shiloh. David Scott, Jr. not having consent or being of legal age 
to enlist without, lett iiome with another youth, .lames Skinner. They 
rapidly grew older between Iowa and liiinois and eniistod in an Illinois 
company of a hundrod day men. Anyone who were heie during the rebellion 
and knew the stjess atui "felt the tiiriii. knows fnll well anyone could lie a 
mile, or clear to Illinois for that tnuttcr, to get into the U'mon armv with- 
out, breaking any of the IVn Commandments The descendents oi David 
Scott Sr., are ?iumcroiis in low;i tod:\v, and it can be truthlullv said \\c left 
in his children and grand rhiidron a good ioiraov to the country. Owv gen- 
erataon of seven of tlit'se families, the three l\>noe's, Scott. Iieer, SkicuuT 
and Wood, who breame lifiMong residents increased our pt^pul ition .">;{. And 
all, I think, wert' wort hy citi/L'rjs arid many atl-icd very materially to tlie 
wealth of the country. 



107 



Old Settlers' Obituary Report 1906. 

John Hiram Li ttell, born in Montgomery county, N. Y., June 18th, 
1842, came to Iowa, December, 1805; died July 6th, 1905. 

Mrs. Permeiia Jenkins Wright, born in Warren county, N. Y., Feb. 26, 
1839; came to Maquoketa, December, I860; died July 31. 1905. 

Mrs. Caroline Henry Wilcox, born in Maquoketa, Feb. 16, 1857; died 
Sept. 19, 1905. 

James Shattuck born in Reading, Yt., Dec. 4, 1833; came to Maquoke- 
ta in 1853; died Oct. 1, 1905. 

Miss Philena Rebecca Reel born in Canaan, Ohio; came to Iowa 1857; 
died Oct. 7, 1905. 

Isaac McPeak born in Magoupin, 111., July 1, 1837; came to Iowa 1846; 
died Oct. 10, 1905. 

Mrs. Sarah Haight Hamley born in Maquoketa, Sept. 20, 1856; died 
Oct. 18, 1905. 

Mrs. Mary Newby DeGrush born at Little Falls, N. Y., April 30, 1846; 
came to Maquoketa 1856; died Oct. 25, 1905. 

Mrs. Mary Jane Simpson Jenkins born in Queensbury, N. Y., May 4, 
1834; came to Iowa 1856; died Oct. 28, 1905. 

Carl Romer born in Germany, Dec. 20, 1837; came to Iowa 1866; died 
Nov. 17, 1905. 

Mrs. Inez ('ollins Harrington born in Bellevue, Iowa, April 30, 1864; 
died Dec. 11, 1905. 

John J. Smola born Bohemia, Austria, May 5, 1838; came to Iowa 1854: 
died Dec. 15, 1905. 

Mrs. Lydia A. Wagoner Sinkey born in Madison, Pa., March 16. 1833: 
came to Iowa 1855; died Dec. 31, 1905. 

Mrs Vashti Rlakely Summers born in Wayne county, N. Y., Oct. 12, 
1819; came to Iowa 18.33; died .fan. 20, 1906. 

M. J. Ilamiiiond born in Ticonderoga, N. Y., Nov. 2, 1818: came to 
Jackson county, Iowa, 1S56; died Jan. 20, 1906. 

U A. Sisler b3rn in Barre, Pa., April 4, 1829; came to Iowa 1850: died 
January, 1906. 

Mrs. Martha Elizabeth Parnell UicivS born near Elwood, Iowa, May .30, 
1859; died Jan. 29, 1906. 

Mrs. Julia Ann Call Atlierton born in Brandon, Vt., Dec. 11, i^33; 
came to Iowa 18()9; died .Ian. :u, 

Mrs. Ktnnva K. Anderson Woods, born near Maquoketa, lo a, May 13, 
1S61 : died Feb. s, 1!)0(>. 



108 



Mrs. Sarah Vine Bennett born in Ticonderoga, N. Y., in 1833; came to 
Iowa 1849; died Feb. 17, 1906. 

Cbas. R. Beil born in Kasota, Minn., 1858; came toIowal8G3; died Feb. 
28, 1906. 

Mrs. Margaret Rachel Jones Hute born Feb. 28, 1831, in Mercer county, 
Pa. ; came to Iowa 1852; died March 3, 1906. 

Susanna liuchner Martin born Ontario Province, Canada, July 26, 1819; 
came to Iowa 1838; deid March 190G. 

John 11. Crane born in H., March 8, 1844; came to Iowa 1856: died 
March 24, 1906; veteran of the civil war. 

Emma P. Sisler Miller born near Andrew, March 18, 1854; died March 
30, 1906. 

Mrs. Lydia S. Towner Waugh born in Essix county, N, Y., March 9, 
1839; came to Iowa in 1^54; died May 13, 1906. ~ 

Jacob Van Meter born in Lancaster, Ohio, Aug. 27, 1819; came to Iowa 
1857; died April 2, 1006. 

Mary Jane Twiss born in Luraj, Ohio, Dec. 27, 1827; came to Iowa 
1856; died April 3, 1906. 

Mary E. Ames Rigby born in Park county, Indiana, Sept. 22, 1841; came 
to Iowa 1846; died June 13, 1906. Pioneer. 

Ebenezer II. Battles born in Orange county, N. Y., Oct. 23, 1824; came 
to Iowa 1840; died April 14, 1906. Pioneer. 

Thomas :^[cMurray born in Dehli, N. Y., April 25, 1824: came to Iowa 
ID 1845; died June, 1906. Pioneer. 

James D. Schcll born in Fleetwood, Pa., Oct. 16. 1825: came to Iowa 
1854; died June 6, 1906. 

Chas. Burleson Sr. born in Troy, N. Y., March 18, 1831; came to Iowa 
1837; died June 9, 1906. Pioneer and veteran of the Civil War. 

Ilillion Webb born Mariah, N. Y., Aug. 11, 1826; came to Iowa 1851; 
died June 12, 1906. Pioneer. 

Mrs. Frances Tower Brown born Oct. 6, 18.38; came to Maquoketa in 
1853; died June 20, 1906. 

Alexander Organ born Mercer county, Penn., March 25, 1S35; came to 
Iowa when a boy; died June 26, 1906. Pioneer and veteran of the Civil War. 

Ellen McKinney Ogden Jaynes born April 24, 1832; came to Iowa IMi; 
died June 28, 190t;. 

Carlos B. Prosser born in New York State 1841; came to Iowa 1851; died 
July 2, 1906. Pioneer. 

Miss Elmira E. Goodonow born in French Mountain, N. Y., April 22, 
1834; came to Iowa 1S47; died .luly 5, 190(;. 

Lavina Listen Roush born in Percy county, Ohio, Feb. 24, 1S33; came 
to Iowa 1851; died July 31, l!)0(i. 

Prof. C. C. Dudley born in Connecticut in 1841; came to Iowa in 1876: 
died Auguts 16, 190t). 

Isabell Tracy Snodgra.ss born in Fayette county, I'onn., in 1831: came 
to Iowa in 1846; died August 12, 1906. 



! /I 




The Last of the Red Men in Jackson County. 

(Written by J. W. Ellis for tbo Jacksou County Historical Society.) 

There has been sooae controversy about the date of breaking up of the 
last parmanent [ndian Village in Jackson County, but it probably occurred 
in 1849. Although bands of remnants of the once powerful tribes of Sacs 
and Foxes stratj'f,^iei back to the Big Forest in the forks of the Maquoketa 
River until after tt)e Civil War. 

When the first white settlers came to Jackson County in 18:>(i, tliere 
were several Indian Viliajres in the Maquoketa Valley. WFien Shadrach 
Burleson settled in what is now the western part of ISouth Fork Township 
10 the Spring of 1837 he found unmistakable evidence of a large Indian Mi- 
lage on his claim that had been recently abandoned. Lodge poles were still 
standing and a camp kettle was still hanging over ashes where cooking had 
been recently done. Anson Fi. Wilson who at this writing, September Hioi;. is 
still living and who came to theMaquoketa Valley in 1831), says that a 
short time after he had built his tirst cabin, an Indian came to his cabin 
•one morning and wanted him to go with him. Mr. Wilson took his riMeand 
accompanied the Indian They crossed Mill Creek above the site ot the Old 
McCoy mill and going in an easterly direction crossed it again near wiiere 
Willey's mill was aftervvards built. Wlien they gained the high ground east 
of the creek, the Indian led Mr. Wilson to a parriculor point and told him as 
well as lie could with Ins limited p]ngiish and sign language to stand there. 
He tlien walked off sometiiing like 100 yards and motioned to Wilson to join 
liim, which he did. The Indian then pointed to tlic entrails of a doer that 
he explained that lie had shot the day before from where Mr. Wilson hart 
stood. From there they made their way bo an Indian village containir)g 
about 200 people si'u ited on the banks of tlie Maquoketa below Jlriageport. 
The Indians were very friendly and offered .Mr. Wilson share of the dog 
soup which they were about to serve, tiut he declined that part of their bill 
of fare, but accepted some jerked venison and some corn bread wnich the 
Indians had got from sone of the setth^rs and one of the Indians brought 
him some water ifi a ladel and lu; made out a pretty izood diiuier. He says 
the Indians were pretty well provided witli food, ha<l plenty of venison and 
had large (luuiLitics of cun storeil up. this b*iey l)urried in the grounci un- 
til they wanted to use it. dug holes an ! f)ut the corn in atui covered It \ip 
which made it soft and ii\ good eondition for use. 



r 



M. I 



The principal burying ground of the Indians was the Sand Ridge in the 
forks, now the villa^^e of Hurstville, and Mr. Wilson says that when iie tirst 
saw it tiiere were many dead, but not all buried, some were rolled in 
blankets or skins of animals and laid on the ground, and a pen made of 
saplings built around them ; others were leaned up against a tree, and I 
have heard that all those who died of smallpox were covered up in the sand. 
Mr. Wilson saw one Indian in an enclosure who had been especially honored 
by having his gun and a whiskey bottle left by his side. At one time there 
was a large Indian camp near the Hawkins B'ord, about one mile above the 
present village of Hurstville. The smallpox broke out in this baud and 
almost wiped out the entire village. It was told that when the fever was 
higliest the patient was taken to a slough near by and ducked, with the re- 
sult that the treatment either killed or cured, the former resulted theoften- 
est. The writer often fished in the old slough in the fifties nad carried iiome 
many strings of bass, bullheads and sun fish. One of the most interesing 
rehcs or land marks left by the Indians in this locality, and which all 
traces of has now disappeared, was an Indian dancing ground as it was call- 
ed by the early settlers. Tiie dance floor was a smooth level surface enclosed 
by a circle of cedars that has been planted with great precision at least 
tifty, if not one hundred years before the first wliite settler arrived in the 
locality. Ttie trees in 1S54. when the writer tirst saw them, were as large as 
telephone poles. The dance ground was from 50 to 75 feet in diameter and 
was enveloped on three sides by a slough, and on the other a dense growth 
of brush concealed it from view. An old path leading from a point where 
the road turned to the river at the Hawkins Ford disclosed the onlv entrance 
to this spot wliere dusky men and maids iiad danced to the music of the 
tomtom for ages. The exact location of this historic place as near as the 
writer is now enabled to locate it, as it is in a corn field on laud owned by 
Hon. A. Hurst, is in the northwest quarter of section 12 in Soutii Fork 
townstiip. Tiie Hawkins Ford was so called for the reason that an old Mor- 
mon by the name of Hawkins was the tirst white settler tliere, and lived 
with his family in a cabin near the ford, whicii was on the road traveled by 
the people from our neighborhood when going to Andrew or Bellevue. in 
the days before there were any bridges over tiie North Fork. In 1S54 I 
think the land where the ford was, i)elGnged to J. C. Wood, and I know 
that Natlianiel Woods owned and occuuied tlie land nosv known as the Fitcii 
farm in section I. South Fork townsiiip. A Mr. Pangborn. first name I 
think was Eligaii, a brother of Jason Paneborn, wtio helped to build Ma- 
quoketa. lived between Naiiiaiiiel Woods' place and the river, in same sec- 
tion, and Frank Hunting owned and occupied the land now known as tiie .1. 
D. Scholl place in same section. The road liave been clianged since 1S.*)4 
and there is no longer a river road, and the river bed has been changed so 
tliat there is no wuter where the once well known Hawkins Ford was locat- 
ed. 

E. I). Shinkle. one of the oldest pioiu-ers of tlHs locality, who still resides 
in Ma(iuoketa, says tliat some time during the aciminst rat ion of Ansel 
Briggs as governor, there was a lilth- village of Indians, rnnnbering at least 
51)0, mostly s(iaws, children and oid mm on \ North Vork, about one mile 



from his father's cabin ; these IndiaDS had been brought there for safety 
while tlie tightingf portion of the tribe was on the v\ar patli against some 
other tribe. But these Indians annoyed the white settlers so much that 
they appealed to Governor Briggs, whose home was at Andrew, three miles 
from the Indian camp, to have the Indians removed and the governor-caus- 
ed them to move on. The writer has Jived for more than half a century 
within one and one-half miles of the old dance ground which must have 
been a favorite gathering place for Black Hawk's warriors and half a mile 
from the burying place where so many of the tribe was left and has collect- 
ed thousands of implements once used by the Indians in this locality, in- 
cluding pottery, stone spears and arrow heads, stone and steel tomaliawks, 
stone pipes and war clubs, teepee hammers and ceremonial stones. Of the 
old burying ground wiiere lifty years ago there were hundreds of graves or 
skeletons, I do not believe a bone could be found now. The skulls were car- 
ried away by relic hunters, and the bones plosved under and made to fercil- 
ize the ground. There are still several mounds in this locality that have 
never been opened which might possibly yield up valuable relics of a by 
gone race. In the southeast quarter of section 11, half a mile from ihe home 
of the writer, there are three mounds whose description might be of inter- 
est to Archeologists. The three are on a line running east and west and 
half a mile west of the Hurstville lime works. The tirst one on the east is 
20 feet in diameter, circular in form and three feet iiigh. The next one 
west is 20 feet wide by 100 feet long and three feet high, and the last one is 
exactly like the tirst described, tialf a mile west of these mounds tliere 
were formerly three similar mounds and still turther west in a straiglit line 
there were still others. From the location of these mounds, and the fact 
they were all similar in form and in almost a straight line running from the 
north to the south fork of the Maquoketa river, I have always believed tiiey 
were made to mark a boundary line Tliere are other mounds south of the 
South Fork, one of which was partially opened se.eral years ago, and char- 
coal and pieces of pottery and arrowheads were found as far as tlie excava- 
tion went There are also very well defined mounds in Butler township 
near Moses McDonald's farm, that have never been dug into. There is a 
small cave or hole in the rocks in lion. A. Hurst's lime stone quarry, 
where piece of Indian pottery Hint arrow heads and cliarcoal and ashes have 
been found. Mr. Hurst informed me recently that there was a mound still 
standing undisturbed in the old Indian burying ground on his land. 

The writer has contemplated for many years, a lime when he would re- 
pair to these ancient land marks and excavate and exhume wliatever of rel- 
ics or other matter deposited here by t hose whose existence seems but. a 
dream now. It does not appear strange to those wlio remember the beauti- 
ful between the forks of the Maquoketa as it was lifty years ago, that the 
Indians were loth to leave their old hunting grounds. Deer and wild turk- 
eys abounded in the forest arid the streams actually teemed wi!)*ohoice tislu 
Honey could be had in any (|uantity by cutting the trees and taking it out 
and all the sweetness neecied l>y extracting it from the suuar maple which 
grew every whcr',\ It was indeM^d such a paradise for the lieil men as thev 
couKt never hope to tind again in this world. 



Biographical Sketch of Dr. M. J. Belden. 

(Written by Dr. A. B. Bowen for the Jacksoa County Historical Society ) 

The subject of this biographical sketch, M. J. Belden, M. D., was born 
in Steuben county, N. Y., A. D , 1831, and located in the lltle inland town 
of Canton, Iowa, in 1S55, after exercising all the patience and self reliane* 
that is usual for medical students to bring to bear in the accomplishment 
of their object and the cousumation of their cherished liopes. But the 
courage and fortitude required to sever the ties of home and embark or] his 
life's mission, the praccice of his chosen profession, in the wilderness of the 
west, on the contines of civilization, requires a tirmness of purpose and a 
spirit of philanthrophy that surmounts obstacles and i)reaks down barriers 
that would discourage one of less firmly tixed purposes. 

The little hamlet known by tiie name of Canton tifty years ago, nest- 
ling in the big timber of the forks of the Maquoketa. had few allure- 
ments for one who had learned the ways of tlie world in the more advanced 
civiliaztion and the more retined social lite of Steuben county, N. Y. But 
the subject of our sketch evidently did not contemplate reclining upon 
the lap of luxury and ease, but rather to court fame and fortune from 
the rugged resources of nature. It would seem that the conditions around 
Canton were not altogether congenial to his tastes, for he resolved to ex- 
plore and prospect the country westward and in 1858 he journeyed across 
the state on horseback, as he once informed me. to acquaint himself with 
conditions, and perhaps find a spot that offered greated inducements to his 
tastes and inlcinations than liis first stopping place afforded. But he was not 
favorably impressed with the broad and tiuiberless Iowa prairies and re- 
turned to his '-tirst love" and ca ^t his destinies in the primeval forests that 
sfiaded tlie Maquoketa. 

In 1862 Dr. Belden married one of Carlton's fair daughters. Miss Cecelia 
Atkinson, and together they achieved success and carved fame and fortune 
from this rugged tield of action. Here for over 40 years he responded to 
the calls of those who appreciated his services, and were through trie vicis- 
situdes of the varying seasons he was ever a welcome euestat tlie comforta- 
ble home of the thrifty farmer or the lonely cabin of the pioneer. His ser- 
vices were not sought in vain, for he was ever on the alert to respond to J ho 
call of those in su.'fering ar.d distress, fl is midnight rides t hrough t he 
gloomy forest that sicirted lii< town of (\inton sometimes startled the wild 
deer from its lurking place, and sometimes those lonely trips at unreasona- 
ble hours were serenaded by tho howl of (ho \Noir if not l)\ the tierce scream 
of tlie catamount. The pracl it ionor of tnodicine In an isiilated lield like Can- 



ton learns to be more self-reliant than he who tinds himself located in a more 
attractive tield of labor where doctors by the dozen or score, perhaps, share 
the honors of the surrounding advantages, while they expect to divide the 
responsibilities that none are exempt from. But the physician in the remote 
field has not a brother practitioner at his elbow to call in consultation at the 
ever approaching crisis, but in liis gladatorial encounter with the grim mes- 
senger he learns to be self reliant and resourceful, and tlius ttirough force of 
necessity becomes a stronger and abler practitioner. But the time came, as it 
comes to all ''When wasting age and weary strife Imd sapped the leaning 
walls of life." In 18:38 a stroke of paralysis prostrated his iron constitution 
and compelled the relinciuishraent of practice, much to the regret of a large 
number of patients and patrons. It was my mission to see tiim during this 
crisis in his life, and I remember well the philosophy with which he met 
this trial. A temporary rally of his vital forces enabled him to abandon the 
scenes of his trials and triumphs and locate in ^^faquoketa where he died 
in October, 1002 aged 71 years, leaving a wife and one daughter who mourn 
the loss of a kind husband and father. Dr. Belden took a lively interest 
in the Jackson Co. Medical Society, although his attendance upon its meet- 
ings required a drive of some forty miles, notwithstanding this hardship he 
occasionally honored us with his presence and participated in tlie discussions 
and read papers on scientific subjects. A.' B. BOWEN. 



I 



i 



I 



Milo ;;b'';b o' lOiqxti -'/mM y'i'-v/ .r'fr. fjt!/;'/ hi; i^i'^f. rjo t -xl i 1f ciO"'r. -.MtT 
H ' ;'t ■ '1 1 • i I j.i'ii'' ^li > "i H .nii:')1 'U''' z?.^ yr; ruiOi^ / M • i i ; id 1 nr;> • 

-^/Wlien Hubtard Was Holding Court, or Cour.t' Martial^ 
.j";;"*' Down^ in Jackson/' , ' i\'^v.'^!''*'' ^. 

I Written by Hon William Graham for the Jackson County Historical Society. ^ ^ 

The March term of the District Court in 1SG6 was held by the late 
Judge N. M. Hubbard of Linn county. He had just been appointed to fill a 
vacancy caused by tlie resignation of Judge C. FI Conklin, and iiaving a 
number of cases in which he had been employed as counsel, arranged with 
Judge Rlchman rhat they exciiange; Kichman going to Marion to hold 
court there, and Hubbard holding the court in Andrew. I doubt if any 
circus which ever exhibited in Iowa afforded more amusement than the 
time when, to use an' epxression of Col. Clark of Cedar Rapids who. A-as 
Admitted to the Bar on examination at that term, "Hubbard was holding 
court, or court martial, down in Jackson." ' •■ 

He had driven from his home in Marion, and as the roads were muddy 
it was 4:55 o'clock P. M., when he reaciied the old stone Court liouse ai]d 
tlie only persons present, were Ed, Holmes the Clerk, and Scott Belden 
the Sheriff, who had come in to adjourn court as the law re(iuired at 
the stroke of tive o'clock, and myself; and it so happened that 1 was the 
only person at court who had any previous acquaintance with the new 
judge. I suggested that all the other members of the Bar had gone to 
their homes or boarding liouses, expecting that nottiing would be done un- 
til the next day. But these suggestions did not meet with favor, and he 
ordered court opened and called the docket through from beginning to end 
with us three only present, and then adjourned to eight o'clock next morn- 
ing. At the moment tlie Judge took liis seat and commenced calling for 
business. The other lawyers who did not know of his arrival had taken it 
for granted that court could not open before nine o'clock, and came strag- 
ling in to find to tlieir surprise the court already in session, and out of hu- 
mor at not being able to get a jury case taken up and, after an liour or so 
spent fruitlessly, were treate to a lecture from the Bench such ;is they 
had never lieard before, and since the close of that term has never been 
heard again but they heard it repeated several times within the next forty- 
eight hours. 

Lyman A. E'Jlis was then Ihstrict Attorney, and it had been tiie cus- 
tom during the administrations of Judges l>illon and Richman for tlie Dis- 
trict Attorney to take the Virand Jury the lirst two davs of court, and then 
take up the criminal cases for trial. Ihit .ludge Hubbard would have none 
of that. In Catteraugus coiml V wluTo he came from the State cases iiad 
precedence, and the District Attorney came in for more than his full share 



V *i 



of (CeDsure.! '.S'Mr.hDistricfc Attorney; the court lis' unable tjo imake any pro^ 
gress ill, the admiuistration of justice, and it is all your fault. There' are 
at least thirty criminal causes on the docket that ought to have been tried 
at.ionce on the opening of the court, and you are not ready in any of them. 
We have, a Grand Jury and Petit Jury, and at least a hundred witnesses are 
waiting;- Gentlemen who have litigation pending are detained away from 
their business, and we are unable to make any progress, and it is costing 
Jackson county at least $300 a day every day when court is in session. It is 
alhyour fault, and the people ought to hold you responsible for it when 
election comes. " The poor District Attorney tried to urge the custom of 
the resident judges, but the court wouldn't listen to it. "That was the 
way they did business where he came from," and all Lyman could do was 
to take his medicine, and hear the court "jack iTim up" every session both 
morning and afternoon. - ■ • , ■ 

But the District Attorney's opportunity to get even came sooner than 
he expected The first case in which a jury was empannelled was one which 
I brouerht for a woman against her landlord for an assault and battery. 
Judge William E. Lellingwell had agreed to assist me, and Judge Darling 
appeared for the defence. Judge Hubbard got greatly interested in the 
case, a d I remember his standing up at the end oi the bench nearest the 
jury with a look of the intensest sneering scorn that I never saw the equal 
of on the face of any one else, and when Judge Darling made some objec- 
tion, to the testimony I was offering, he burst out with "Mr. Darling you 
don't want to give the court any excuse for telling the jury his opinion of 
your client." The objection was withdrawn, and we closed the testimony 
just as court adjourned for supper, having agreed to sum up the case in 
the evening. 

f,- ,. When court reconvened 1 opened the case for the plaintiff. It had got 
noised around town that Lellingwell and Darling were to argue the case, 
and the Court room was packed. When I closed after a half hour talk to 
the jury, Darling surprised the court by saying, "We submit the case with- 
out argument, " thus shutting out Leffingwell \vho he knew was "loaded 
for bear." The court had not written a word to his charge, having intend- 
ed to do that while these gladiators were having their innings. lie drop- 
ped into his seat and seizing a pen and a sheet of paper began writing furi- 
ously. A dead silence fell on the Court room in wiiich the scratching of 
the judge's pen could be plainly lieard. After about ten minutes Ellis 
arose, his hands making futile efforts to pull his cuffs further down over 
them, and occasionally caressing the little tuft of whiskes under liis chin, 
which a Dubtiuue newspaper man said "made him look like a twin brotlier 
of Uncle Sam," couimence(i in his falsetto voice, "Yoiir honor. I would 
like to ituiuire what is the reason 01 this delay in the administration of 
justice? We lost a day in the opening of the court. There is a Ctrand Jury 
waiting and a Petit jury also. (ient lemon interested in litigation pending 
in this court are detained away from their business. I have some tliirty 
criminal cases that 1 am anxious to try, and there arc not less tlian a hun- 
dred witnesses in attendance, and we are unable to make any progress. 



and it is costing Jackosn county not less than $300 every day we hold court, 
I would like to know the reason so that it may so before tlie people be- 
fore election time." 

From the time Ellis began the two men looked steadily into ,each 
others eyes, and both comprehended the ludicrousness of the situation, 
but the countenance of each was as impassive as that of a wooden In- 
dian, but at the close Judge Hubbard pointing his pen at the District 
Attorney merely said: "Very good, Mr. Ellis, very good, very good in- 
deed, Sir," and fell to writing again, but there was no more liowling for 
business for the rest of the term. 

Among the indicted parties were several charged with illegal sales of 
intoxicating liquor. Two of them were advised by Judge Kelso to pleaa 
guilty, and he interceded with the court for the imposition of a light tine. 
The Judge read them such a lecture as neither they, or any one else ever 
heard. Every sentence cut like a whip lash. He told them that he liad 
infinitely more respect for a horse thief than for them, and the poor (Ger- 
mans as they stood overwhelmed and cowering under his denunciation evi- 
dently thought that if they escaped with imprisonment for life they would 
be fortunate. They abjectly proaiised that they would never handle a beer 
mug again, and could scarcely believe their counsel when he told them that 
their extent of their punishment was a tine of twenty-tive dollars. At hear- 
ing their sentence another of the indicted ones thought tliat lie could stand 
the abuse if he could get off with a twenty-five dollar fine, and promptly 
walked up and pleaded guilty. The Judge eyed him a moment, and re- 
T3irkei that he had taken Judge Kelso's conscience as the measure of the 
t"^" fellows punishment, but now he would follow his own, and socked the 
1 I ti'ie of ?250, saying f he were in his own district it would be 
uiii-^e Limes as much. There were no more pleas of guilty while "Hubbard 
was holding court, or court martial, down in Jackson." 



Killing Michael Keating in 1859. 

(Written by J. W. Ellis for the Jackson County Historical Society.) 

On the morningf of the Ufch day of September, 1859, the steamer Pem 
bine pulled up at the Goldino^ wood yard between Sabula and Hellevue, to 
take on a supply of wood. While the deck hands were carrying the wood on 
the boat, the Second Mate, Calvin C. Edgar, objected to the way one of the 
hands, Michael Reating, carried the wood. Keating, as it appeared after- 
wards, had a weak chest and could not carry wood in his arms, but instead 
placed it on his shoulder. The Mate ordered him to grab up the wood in 
his arms and go. Keating insisted that he could carry as mucli wood as the 
others and carry it in his own way. 

While Keating was picking up a load the Mate kicked him and told him 
ne would have it carried as he wanted it done. Keating said, "I want no 
man to kick me," and after throwing down his load on the boat repeated, 
"I want no man to kick me." While he was stooped over picking up an- 
other load, the Mate according to several witnesses, picked up a stick of 
wood in both hands and struck Keating across the chest. Keating dropped 
the wood and clinched the >rate, but the blow seemed to have weakened 
him. The Mate knocked him down and kicked him, and Keating lay there 
on his face until turned over by another deck hand who said that he was 
frothing at the mouth, and had tlie death rattle in his throat. The Captain 
ordered four men to carry Keating onto the boat where he ceased to breatiie 
in three or four minutes. 

The boat landed at Sabula and an inquest was neld over the body on 
board the boat by .Justice Morris S. Allen, acting as Coroner, there being no 
Coroner. The jurors were C. F. Fairnanks, .1. Johnston and O. H. Risley. 
The verdict of the jury was that deceased came to his death from blows 
from a stick of wood in the hands of Calvin C. Edgar, Second Mate of the 
steamboat Pomhino. The post mortem showed that the left hinii of Keat- 
ing was ruptured, and that the whole cavity of the chest on that side was 
tilled witii blood. Tiie Mate was indicted at the December term of court 
by the grand jury of Jackson county, of which Siiepherd ('avin was foreman, 
and Henry O'Connor was district attorney. The case came up for trial at the 
April term of court, and a jury was empannelled. composed of men with 
whom the writer in most part was very intimately acq\iainted, and in wlidm 
he would have implicit contidi^rjoe. but, who after liearing the evicience and 
argument of the ablest counsel the country could produce at that time, found 
the defendant not guilty. 



The McArdle Murder. 



(Compiled for the Jackson Uounty Historical Society by J. W. Ellis. Curator) 

One of the most brutal and revolting murders which it has been our lot 
to write of, was committed in Prairie Creek township, Dubuque county, on 
the evening of the 12th day of February, 1804. 

Patrick McArdle, wife and three grown up sons lived in Prairie Creek 
township, some 18 or 20 miles southwest of Dubuque, and according to evi- 
dence of ne'g^^bors, hid livei rhere since 1848 The old man ren'^onabiv well 
off, had 200 acres of land, but the home life was unpleasant. The old man 
told some of the neighbors that he believed the old woman and boys would 
kill him. They frequently beat him.' On one occasion it came out in evi- 
dence tiiat Pa^^rick, Jr. beat his father terribly and would have killed him 
if one of the others boys had not interfered. 

On the evening of February 12th, Mrs. McArdle claimed that the three 
boys had gone to a debate at a school house in the neighborhood, and that 
shortly after the boys left two drunken men came and called for whiskey 
which the old man refused them. This she heard from the outside and went 
into the house and found tlie old man down and went to him to protect him 
at the same time telling the men they could have all the whiskey they 
wanted. She said the men threw her out of the house and she went to ('ol- 
lins, the nearest neighbors, and told Collins her story and asked Collins to 
go to the school house for the bovs. which, he, Collins did, going on horse- 
back, and calling the boys out told them what their mother had told him. 
The boys went home and got some of the neighbors to go. When theneitih- 
bors came they found the house dark. A candle was procured and lighted, 
and on going upstairs tlie old man McArdle was found lying on the tloor 
dead with many vvounds about his iiead and face, and brains oozing trcm liis 
skull and pools of blood on the Moor, and blood on the stove wood in lower 
story where it had leaked through. 

An inquest was held and the verdict of the Coroner's jury was that de- 
ceased was killed by parties to them unknown. But a day or two later Mrs. 
McArdle confessed to having killed the old man, aItho\ii:h it was believed 
tlie sons were also guilty. Mrs. Catherine McArdle and the tliree sons wore 
held for the murder but at an (examination before .lud^e Stephen S. llcm- 
stead on tlio 2.;rd, 21th and 2r)th of the same month, .lames and .lohn Mc- 
Ardle were released from custody and Catherine and Patrick .1 r. were held. 
Mrs. McArdle took a cliange of venue to .lackson cminty. l)ut Patrick Idok 
his chances wit h his neighbors and was tried in Dubuque rounty, his moth- 



— IJ — 



er, Catherine McArdle, appearing as a witness for him and testifying that 
she killed the old man and that Patrick did not know of it until after the 
murder, and Patrick was acquitted. Catherine was tried at the October 
term of the District Court of Jackson county, convicted and sentenced to be 
hanged on the 9th of December, 18G4, but before that date Governor Stone 
commuted the sentence to imprisonment for life, and a few years later, Gov- 
ernor Samuel Merrill pardoned lier out. Of course this was not a Jackson 
county crime, but I mention it because it was tried in Jackson county. 



Rio Dell. Cal., Sept. 28th, 1900. 

Mr. J. W. Ellis, 

Maquoketa, Iowa. 

Dear Sir: I visited my old home — Ma(]uoketa— in 1898. My sister, Mrs. 
Emily Ellis, and I visited your museum, and I promised to send you some- 
thing. Perhaps you have forgotten as you never saw me but once. I will 
send you a piece of Red wood bark IG inches truck— I have seen it 20 inches 
thick. You can easily see which was the outside. The white end was next 
to the sap. I also send vou a little Indian basket that I know to be genu- 
ine, it was made by an Indian woman out at the lloopo Reservation in this 
county. There is much of this kind of work that is not made by Indians 
at all. some of it being mnde at the Normal sctiools here. There is so much 
demand for it. The black part that is woven into this basket is made from 
the stems of maiden hair ferns, so there is no coloring in it, the material 
havin'jr the natural color. I will try to look up something else for you. My 
son and I are out here taking care of my half brother, George \V. Pate, 
whose health is very poor. lie is the man that William Ellis and wife came 
out to look after, but Mr. Ellis got homesick and went back. Mr. Ellis, in 
the near future. I will write what I know about the early history of Jack- 
son county, as both of my parents were pioneers. My mother was the old- 
est daughter of O. J. Edwards and came there in 18.36. My father came in 
1840. Ilis name was Harrison lluling and settled three miles south of An- 
drew I have read with much pleasure all that has been published in the 
Sentinel. Yours with respect, 

MRS. REBECCA HULING-TYLER. 



The Phillips Family Among the Oldest Pioneers. 



^Written by J. W. Ellis for the Jackson County Historical Society.) 

A. J. Phillips, one of the oldesfc pioneers of the Maquoketa Valley, 
came here with his father, William Phillips, in the month of May, 1.^37, and 
is still living hale and hearty. William Phillips, John Clark and Isaac 
Mitchell were undoubtedly the first men to settle where the city of Maquo- 
keta is now located. In the fall of 1837, four other men came to this locali- 
ty and settled. A man by the name of Parmeter, or Parmenter, took up a 
claim in what is now the heart of Maquoketa and built a cabin near what is 
now the junction of Main and Piatt street and the next spring:, 1838, sold 
the claim including: cabin to John E. Goodenow. Isaac Mitchell took up 
a claim which he afterwards sold to W^illiam Current, which is also in' the 
city limits; in the southwest (luarter of the city. William Phillips claim 
was in the northeast quarter of the city and is owned in part at least by 
Gene ETatfield. Phillips and his family lived in a tent until he could build 
a cabin. John Clark claimed the land where the fair p^rounds now are, and 
built a cabin near Mill Creek, and as early as the sprinjj of 1838 there were 
six cabins within the present limits of Maquoketa. 

William Phillips had the forethouf^ht to bring a small hand mill with 
him, and when he had raised some corn the little mill was fastened to a 
post set in the g^round near the corner of the house and for two or three 
years Mr. Phillips and his neighbors managed to grind enough corn in this 
little mill to make their bread. The mill had two cranks and two men 
could get lip considerable motion. Mr. A. J. Phillips says that when liis 
father took- his claim and pitched his tent near the river about half a mile 
above the forks there was a cabin on the north side of the river below the 
forks In which three men lived who were regarded with a great deal of 
suspicion by the elder Piiillips and his neighbors. They were known as 
Banner, Jim Burnett and Orsemus, but assumed other names at different, 
times and places. Banner, who seemed to be the leader, tried on several oc- 
casions to get Mr. Bhillips to go huntintj or fishing with him. but Phillips 
was suspicious and would not have anvthing to do with him. 

On one occasion a man came to riiillips' place and wanted to stay over 
night wit ri him. Said that he liad stopped at, the cabin occupied by the 
three met at I he fi)rks of the river and asked f hcni to set liim across the 
river in a boat 1 hey kept for 1 liat purpose. l)ut the men insisted that he 
should s'av over nighl with tlicin and urgi'd him to stay so strenuously that 
lie becainc suspicious of thoin. He noticed that they talk«Mi to eacli other 
aside in a low voice and his suspicions hcin^ aroused, ho became very dis- 



creet. He finally told them that he thought that he had better accept their 
hospitality and remain with them until morning, and after conversing with 
the men for a time he strolled out to the river, and along its banks and 
when out of sight of the cabin stepped into the water and waded across 
and made his way to Phillips' tent. Phillips told him that he thought if 
he had staid over night at the cabin he never would have got any farther. 
The three men finding themselves object"? of di-tru-t nmnr^g t fu* sf i ; ir-! s sijd- 
denly disappeared. Some time afterwards the Pliillips bo>3 wcie tisliiiig 
near the forks, and discovered bones sticking out of the river bank, where 
the high water had caused the bank to cave in and on investigation the 
bones proved to be human bones, and the settlers believed that they were 
the bones of some unfortunate wayfarer whom the occupants of tiie cabin 
had made way with. Some time after the disappearance of the three men 
from this locality, they were heard from as living on the Fever river near 
Galena under different names, and they were objects of distrust there also. 
A citizen of Galena disappeared and could not be found and his friends for 
some reason believed that the three men had something to do with his dis- 
appearance, and thought of having them arrested. The men in some way 
learned of the suspicion, and of their contemplated arrest and again de- 
camped, and later the body of the missing man was found buried near their 
cabin. 

Mr. Phillips savs at the time of their arrival in the valley there was a 
large Indian village just belovv the present site of the sawmill at Ilurstville, 
and he remembers that the Indians buried their dead on the sand ridge 
where tlie village of Ilurstville is now located. lie says he recalls that there 
was some large elm trees stood there with large roots above the ground, and 
that in some cases two or more Indians were placed between the roots with 
body reclining against the tree and pens built about tliem to protect the bod- 
ies from wild animals. lie said that the Indians explained that during the 
smallpox epidemic, the people died so fast that they could not be properly 
buried. He mentions one Indian that his father sometimes employed to 
spear fish for him, wiio said that after their terrible experience with small- 
pox, he had made up his mind never to live with the Indians anv more. 

William Phillips built the first saw mill in this locality on Mill creek, 
nearly 2 miles east of 1 lie village. He selected a place on the creek wlieie 
there was a rock bo^^tom, and a rocky bluff on the east side and lieavy body 
of timber on west side, thinking the roots of the trees would protect tJie 
dam on that side. The mill when completed done a lively business for a 
time, as there was a big demand for lumber, but after a time rainy weather 
set in, and one day a noiglibor who was tishing below the dam. noticed mud- 
dy water coming out of a small hole t hat he tliought must be a craw-tish 
hole. Later in the evnning he again noticed the muddy water coming out 
of the same place, and then thought it must be a muskrat hole. 'J'he rain 
continued to fall and next morning it was discovered that the water iiad 
undermined the trees on the wrst side and upset them and made a new 
cliantiel, and the d:im that had cost so much liard labor !iad to be replaced. 

Mr. rhillips had a very unpleasant experience with the outlaws that In- 
fested the country in its lirsl settlement. On one occasion throe men came 



to his cabin and requested dinners and horse feed, and as Mr. Phillips was 
noted for his hospitality, no one was ever turned away from his door cold or 
hungry. When the wants of these men had been supplied they insisted on 
paying for their entertainment, and tendered a $50 bill which Phillips ex- 
amined, and knowing that the bank was good he changed the bill. When 
the men had left, one of Phillips girls spoke about one of the men having 
but oae thumb, and this fact excited the susoicion of Mr. Phillips as at 
that time a man known as '*One Thumbed Thompson" bore a bad reputation 
in the county. Phillips took the bill up to Mr. Goodenow's, and showed it 
to Goodenow and others, and all ot those who saw it pronounced It a spuri- 
ous bill. Pliillips then went to Dubuque with it and had his suspicions con- 
firmed, lie never got a cent out of the transaction. 

At another time he was told bv a friend that he had heard W. W. Brown 
of Bellevue tell a couple of men that a man bv name of Phillips living near 
the forks of the Maquoketa, had a good team of horses that were worth 
looking after Phillips had a pasture fenced off for his horses witli a very 
strong rail fence, into which he turned his horses at night. The horses Aere 
high mettled and were pretty hard to catch when running in tlie pasture. 
Phillips usually had to coax tiiem into the log stable in order to catch them. 
Some time after he received this warning that his horses were coveted by 
others. He awoke one night and heard the horses running in the pasture 
which was near the cabin. He went out and hallowed, thinking if anyone 
was trying to steal his horses he would frighten them away. The next 
morning he found that one of the horses was outside of the pasture and one 
inside. He went entirely around the enclosure and found tJie fence up all 
right and the gate shut and fastened with a pin. When he wanted to use 
the team he missed one of the bridles which could not be found and the 
mystery deepened. 

That fall while picking plums in a thicket near the forks, the bo>s 
found the bridle in the plum thicket, the reins tied to a plum tree. I'hillips 
when told of the linding of the bridle, remarked that the mystery was clear- 
ed up. He thouglit that parties had come to steal the horses, and had suc- 
ceeded in catching one, and tied him up with the bridle and went after 
the otiier, and while trying to c^Kch the other horse, the one tied up slipped 
the bridle over liis head, a trick that lie was an adept at, and made his es- 
cape. 

William Phillips' family consisted of liimself and wife, four girls and 
three boys. In 184() lie sold his claim near the forks of the river to David 
Sears, and removed to a quarter section of land that lie owned or claimed 
west of the village and now known as the Lenker farm. 

In 185i lie sold this farm and roaioved to Dos Moines whore he resided 
until 1857, when iie died from a dose of strichnine taken by mistake for 
'quinine, (^ne of the girls married Alfred Clark in 1S4J, and in 1S50 they 
went to California. Aiiuthor. Nancy, married Joel Higg ns, the well known 
tine horse bretJer of lligginsport. Dubuciiie county. A. J., as above stated, 
days in Jas in MainioUeta and is full of interesting reminisce noes of early 
SLlll rcsideckson county. 



A. H. VVilsoD, who is now past ninety, tells an amusing experience that 
he and Vobsurg liad with two '"f the Phillips girls in 1839 or 1840. There 
was to be a dance at Shade Burlesons, and while there was quite a number 
of young men in the valley, young ladies were almost as scarce as hens 
teeth. It was known that there were two girls at Phillips' place, but they 
were young and shy, and had never appeared at any of the gatherings in 
the neighborliood. Wilson and Vosburg concieved the idea of bringing the 
girJs out. They procured a buckboard the evening of the dance and drove 
out to Phillips' place which was about six or seven miles from Burleson's 
cabin. When the young men arrived at Phillips' cabin, Wilson acted as 
spokesman and informed Mrs. Phillips that there was to be a dance at Bur- 
leson's, and asked her permission to take the girls to the dance. Mrs. Phil- 
lips told him that the girls could go and that she would help them to get 
ready. Tlie girls, however, had a different view of the matter. When they 
heard their mother tell Wilson they could go with him to the dance, they 
sprang out through the open door and ran like frightened rabbits. Wilson 
leaped out in pursuit and chased them around the house, but without mak- 
ing headway. He said whnn he turned a corner of the cabin he would 
catch a glimpse of the girls going around the nest corner. lie finally or- 
dered Vosburg to stand at one corner and head them off, and by that 
means run them back into the house, where the mother took a hand in, and 
gave the girls to understand that she had promised that they would go with 
the boys to the dance, and they had to go. She helped tliem to array them- 
selves in their best clothes, and the four young people boarded the buck- 
board and set out for Burleson's. Mr. Wilson says he could not by any 
manner of means induce his partner to Titter one word on the journey, 
and she would neither dance nor talk after their arrival at the dance. 
Burleson had no little sport at Wilson's expense, twitting him with having 
a partner who would neither dance nor converse with him, until in sheer 
desperation, Wilson dragged the girl out on the floor and led her by main 
strength through the figure. After the ice was thus broken, Mr. Wilson 
found that he had a very agreeable, pleasant partner. She explained her 
behavior by saying tliat she was so frightened at the thoughts of trying to 
dance the figures as the others were doing that it really made her sick and 
miserable. The cabins in those days were far apart, indeed, and the young 
people had few opportunities for social gatherings, and for making acquain- 
tances. 



Sketch of the Life of B. B. Breeden. 



(Handed to Curator J. W, Ellis.) 

At about the beginning of the year 1700, three brothers, Henry, Job and 
Richard Breeden came from England and settled in Virginia and married. 
Job remained there all his life, living on the old homestead. Henry and 
Richard, with their families, went west after a time and settled in Law- 
rence county, Kentucky. Tliey each took up homesteads. During an en- 
counter with the Indians, Henry and his two sons were killed, bub not un- 
til Henry had killed six Indians before he fell. 

Richard married Fannie Fairchild, a Virginian woman. To them 
were born eleven children, seven boys and four girls, the seventh ciiild be- 
ing Richard, Jr., who was born in 1778 in what is now known as Louis- 
ville, Ky., then called Bear Grass, consisting of only tijree little log cabins. 
He was the first wliite child born there, and was the father of B. B. Breed- 
en, the subject of this sketch. Richard Sr. lived and died on the old home- 
stead in Lawrence county, Ky. The children scattered to various parts of 
the country. Paul went to Louisiana, James, Williams and Richard, Jr. to 
Indiana. Richard settled in Monroe Co., Ind., in about the year 1818. He 
was married to Miss Lucretia Curl before he left Kentucky. To them were 
born 14 children, 13 of whom lived to be grown. I give their names in ord- 
er of their ages: Fielding born 1810, Millie, Richard O., William, Polly, 
Dudley, Blan Ballard, Susan, Lucretia, Jane, Berryman, Calvin, James and 
Amanda. The first six were born in Lawrence county, Kentucky, wliile 
Ballard and Susan were born in Monroe county, Ind. The vvliole family af- 
terwards moved to Putman county, Ind., where Jane and licrryman were 
born, the family afterwards moving to Edgar county, 111., where the resi of 
the children were born. 

In the year 1838 the family moved to Iowa. Millie married in Illinois 
and moved back to Kentucky, but afterwards returned to Illinois. Tlie 
family settled in Jackson county, Iowa, and each of the sons took up claims 
for themselves. Fielding and William were also married in Illinois. Tlie 
remainder married in Jackson countv. 

In about the year IS.'iU, Fielding, Calvin, I>allard and Williams wont to 
California to make their fortunes in diirging gold. lUMTvman joined fhem in 
1852. They were there three years, returning via tiie Pacitic Ocean, I.>,th- 
mus of Panama, Atlantic Ocean and New York City, thence overland to 
Iowa. They failed to realize their expectations of makine their fortunes. 

Nearly two years after ttieir return, Ballard married Miss Mary Jane 
Furnish. To them were born three children —Sophronla, OeSoto and Otto. 



— n — 



She died on the 12th day of February, 1861. On;] the 5th day of September, 
he married Miss Mary Ann Campbell To them were born seven children: 
Frances J., Dora L., Williams S., Lillie V., Arizona M., Millie L. and Clara 
ence Bird. Williams S. and Millie L. died in inlancy. 

Richard Breeden, father of B. B. Breeden, died in September, 1872; Lu- 
cretia, his mother, died in February, 1874, at the ages of 84 and 83 years, 
respectively. Fielding moved to Keokuk, county, Iowa, where he died in 
1887. Williams returned to Illinois and lived in Hancock county, where he 
died In 1896. Berryman never returned from California. He died in tiie 
year 1875 or 1876. Owen was killed by a falling tree while hunting on the 
12th day of E'ebruary, 1868. Millie died in Illinois in 1865. Polly died in 
Kansas in 1878. Dudley died in Jackson Co., Iowa, in 1842. Susan died in 
Jackson Co. in 1845. Lucretia died in infancy in Putman Co., Ind. Jane 
now lives in Mariposa Co., Cal. Calvin died very suddenly on Oct. 3J, 1899. 
James lives in Clear Lake, Wis., and Amanda in Jackson county. 

Mr. Breeden died on June 7, 1906, being 86 years, 5 months and 19 
days old. His life was long and useful, and he was loved and honored by 
all his family, and highly respected by all who knew him. 



TERRITORIAL PIONEERS. 



A Half Hour With -'Uncle Ance" Wilson While Looking 
Backward— An Eighty Mile Journey for Fire- 

(Written for the Jackson County Historical Society by "Farmer lUickhorn.") 

Today if our tires go out a lighted friction match app ied to a few 
shavings, or a little lamp oil is all that is necessary to bring desired re- 
sults. But in pioneer days in Jackson county it was di erent. There were 
DO friction matches in tliis country in those days and tire was attained by 
the flinb and steel, and a little punk or gunpowder, and some inflamable 
substance, and then retained by banking the tire in the tireplace witli ashes 
over night, or when leaving home for a day or sucii a matter. 

In a conversation recently with "Uncle Ance" Wilson (who came here a 
man in 1839 and is nearly 91 years old, active and clear in mind), he told 
about making a trip soon after he came here up into the Canton region. 
Above the Cheneworth he crossed the South Fork of the Maquoketa at 
Lodees Ford -so-called after a settler named Lodge, who was there when 
the earliest settlers began to come in. Mr. Wilson stopped to talk with this 
old squatter, who during the conversation told about his tires going out 
while he was away from his cabin. At that time there were no settlers in 
the country with "tire to lend", you may of heard your grandfathers folks 
tell about "borrowing tire" if t^eir tire chanced to go out during the niiriit or 
their absence. Well Lodge couldn't do that because he was out of neighbors 
as well as tire— and he also chanced to be out of punk and powder though he 
had flint and steel to strike the spark with. But a spark needed a piece of 
punk to catch and hold it wliile the breath causes the small beginning to 
spread into a result In order to obtain this vital substance (called punk 
in our grandmothers days) Lodge had to go to I)ubu(iu(\ forty milos through 
an unbroken forest and l)ack again to his Hint and steel and hearthstone. 
A stirring song is "Auld Ang Zyne", but there were some things in other 
days— not as handy as a match. 

CAL. TEEPLF/s Tllir TO SEE A OIHL AND SOME TIIINOS TTTEY TALKED AHOI'T. 

As Uncle Ance Wilson and the writer sat in McCatTrey's cigar store on 
election day liaving their old time chat, some word spoken about some pi- 
oneer would stir the waters of tlie old man's past, release the hiddon springs 



of mind that set the wheels of memory going and opens old forgotten graves 
And the old pioneer of four score and ten, kindled with thoughts of Che past 
would pass from one event to another either ludicrous, social, or tragic as 
some mention, or querry brought him out. In speaking of early social 
events, he remarked that when Joseph S. Mallard was paying court to Ca- 
delia Cox (daughter of Col. Thomas Cox), whom he afterwards married, 
Calvin Teeple who lived in the same neighborhood with Mallard (the Buck- 
horn region) conceived the idea of going down with Mallard and try and 
fan a flame in the soul of another daughter of Col. Cox. It was Teepie's 
first acquaintance with Miss Cox and shortly after the arrival of the young 
pioneers. Teeple asked Miss Cox if she was averse to having a little private 
conversation with him. (Didn't want Dan Cupid to be molested by any of 
the old Cox, I suppose). The young frontier damsel said, "Mr. Teeple what 
private air lir do you wish to discuss with meV" Calvin Teeple never was 
very easily non-plused but for a second or so this business method reply of 
Miss Cox put Cal at his wits end for an answer. But he soon pulled himself 
together and laconically answered, "I would like your private opinion on 
rats." Cal had h's innings and all Miss Cox could say was she didn't know 
anything about rats. "Uncle Ance" said the Cox Misses were handsome 
girls. 

MR. WILSOU SPEAKS OF COL COX IN HIS NARRATIVE. 

In speaking of the Cox family, "Uncle Ance" said his first acquaintance 
with Cox was made at Iowa City in 1839. He had crone to Iowa City to en- 
ter his lan^ and Thomas Cox and John G. McDonald were there at the time 
surveying the town plat of the newly located capital. The oi)inion he form- 
ed of Col. Cox while at Iowa City was good. Cox conducted himself well 
there so far as he saw and was a splendid specimen of physical manhood 
with a personal magnetism that drew men to him who liked physical cour- 
age and will force, but that he afterward killed himself with hard drinking 
and died on his claim northeast of Maquoketa some five or six years after 
coming to .lackson county. I knew that at the time of the Rellevue war. 
Captain Wm. A. Warren, sheriff, claimed to have deputized Col. Cox to 
help raise a posse to arrest VVm. W. Brown and twenty-three others and 
that the so-called posse as a mob scourged the prisoners by lash on the 
naked flesh and that Cox was the big mogul on that occasion and mention 
of the ('ol. Cox family fathered the thought and I asked "Tnce Ance" (who 
Cox tried to induce to go and take part against Brown) if ('ox, in any way, 
brought the impression to him that iie was wanted to help enforce a legal 
arrest of Brown by warrant in the hands of the sherilf. He said, "Xo. liis 
claim was he (Cox) was going to drive 13rown out of the country as he was 
a bad man." 

In speaking of lUown. Mr. Wilson said he come to know Iiim woll as 
he often put up at Brown's hotel while teaming from Maquoketa to Ga- 
lena and did not think there was anvthin*: wrong witti Brown and so told 
Cox and refused to go. stating Brown wcuild ho a fool to surrender to a 
mob. Mrs. IJrown, h» said, was apparently a reiincd womanly woman arui 
at the time of the attack on the lirown partv she was cool and solf-pOvSj»eb.s- 



ed aod during the fight handed loaded rifles to the defenders. Mr. Wilson 
said after the capture Mrs. Brown was taken to the river and tlireatened 
with being iashed to a plank and set adrift if slie did not tell where 
Brown's money was. She coolly told them a hundred strong men could 
set a poor weak woman adrift, or kill her, as they had killed her husband 
but they couldn't make her tell anything she did not want to, and they 
were compelled to let her go without the desired information. If that 
statement is true— and there is no question of it— it was a damnable trans- 
action, as reeking with the orders of hell as the grave clothes of sin. 

"Uncle Ance's" narrative seemed imbued^with the idea that if Cox and 
Brown never had been political rivals there never would have been any at- 
tempt to humiliate Brown— consequently no Bellevue war. And if it had 
not have been for Col. Cox's will with the force of a glacier Captain War- 
ren and some others v^ould probably not have been so sagely contident of 
Brown's guilt. "Uncle A nee" got well acquainted with Captain Warren 
while teaming to Galena and says of him: 

"Bill Warren was a social fellow and the right sort of a man for the 
country in those early days. While he was the sheriff he took the census 
of the country and collected the taxes. There wasn't much tax to collect, 
to be sure, but there was some. No one had much money to pay taxes 
with. Warren would take peltry, cooperage— in fact anything there was 
any chance to convert into money or exchange for county benefits. When 
going to Galena I used to cross at Bellevue and go up on tlie Illinois side 
and quite frequently Warren would go up with me. Ue was an inveterate 
smoker and in those days always smoked a clay pipe with a stem not to ex- 
ceed an inch in length. There were no matches at that time and a coal had 
to be used to light up with. One trip going up Warren liad me stop wliere 
an Irish woman was boiling soap so he could light his pipe. lie stood near 
the fire rubbing up a little natural leaf and packing it into his stub of a 
pipe when the Irish woman said to him, 'Faith mon if that be the longest 
pipe stem ye hev ye never'll smoke inybody's chimney but your own." 

A CORNER THAT STOOD LAW. 

"Uncle Ance" said when the country was settling up he one day came to 
a couple of neighbors who were setting up some kind of a land mark and 
upon asking them what they were doing received the reply from one of 
them, "Wa are establishing a corner." '-But," says Mr. Wilson in a jocu- 
lar way, "it wont stand law," and received the prompt reply "Well, it will 
if Uncle Kim and 1 say so. " Mr. Wilson said although the governmene 
urvey had located the corner several feet away the one set up by thost 
two neighbors was always considered as the boundary between tlieni and 
has never been moved which proves there is a law liigher than law. 

A WELL rRKSKRVEl) RED OAK VUKK TniRrV-KlVE FEET RENEATK SOU NEVER 
TURNED 1»V THE HAND OF MAN. 

After "Uncle Anco" hud mentioned tlie laughable incidtnt of Ca\. Tec- 
pie's visit to Miss Cox and ot her inaliors tneni ioiicd. he said soon after lie 
came to Iowa territory lie and Mark Current, Sr. dug a well for Tecplo on 



—-21 



top of the rise of land north of Nashville, where Calvin Teeple lived and i 

when bliey were down thirty-live feet they came onto a red oak tree trunk j 

some eight or ten inches in diameter, well preserved, and with the bark still | 

on. The tree lay horizo:;tally across the bottom of the hole they were dig- : 

ging. They chopped a piece out and dug about live feet farther and struck I 

water in a bed of gravel and sand. Some force of ice, wind or tide must \ 

have scooped out the hole Nashville stands in and swept the dirt north and. j 

buried that tree long before the red bones came to the country. If it didn't ! 
what did, Mr. Geologist? 

ALMOST A EELTGIOUS INDICTMENT. 

As "Qocle Ance" traveled in his mind from one milestone to another 
that maps the past, it was evident there were events in tlie little world of j 
Churches tiiat were pioneering here as well as among other things. Some i 
switcli thrown on his line of reminiscences led him to speak of the coming | 
of the llev. William Salter, who in 184.3, founded tlie first Congregational 
church in the Maquoketa valley with seven members consisting of Wm. II. 
Efner, Mrs. Sophia Shaw, Thomas S. Flathers, Kliel Nims, Elizabeth Nims 
and Mrs. M^Cljy and her husband, Joseph Mcdloy, who on Mill creek just 
south of the present limits of Maquoketa built the tirst gristmill in Jackson 
county, that bolted Hour and done custom work there for over half a cen- 
tury. There came as missionaries with tiie Kev. Salter several others known 
as the "Iowa Band." About a year afterwards one of them, that was locat- 
ed at Cedar Rapids came to visit the Kev. Salter wlio took him around to 
call on members of the cliurch here. Toward noon tfiey called at the Mc- j 
Cloy home and Mrs. McUloy insisted on their staying to dinner. They ac- 
cepted and said while she was preparing dinner thev would go over to tlie 
mill and visit with Bro McCloy. Wliile they were tiiere Mrs. McCloy sent 
a'^girl to the mill for a little flour for cakes. McCloy tilled the dish from a 
grist he was grinding at the time for some customer. Mr. Wilson said there i 
was probably one or two cents worth of the Hour and McCloy probably gave ! 
it no thought as grain was about as cheap as sind in those days, lint there 
was a vital reliigious principle outraged (a cents worth) and it was thought 
best to have it investigated at the next meeting. It became noised among 
1 the profane world, and another meeting was called and a petition signed 

to have tlie church proceedings quashed as to Mr. McCloy's cent's wortli of 
I forgetfulness of one of the ten commandments. He might have thought that 
I cent's wortii of Hour came under the head of Christ's command to his dis- 

j ciples to take of the co'*n to sustain the present but none to carry away. 
I None were anxious to present the petition of the people so Shade lUirleson, 

j who took a delight, in most tilings of life from the sublime lo the ridicu- 
1 lous, arose and tnoved it bj presented by tlie liumblest man in the country 
and a ballot be taken to locale him. A certain settler (won't name him^ 
I who "IJtK'le Ance" said was the liumblest man he ever saw in his life, rose 
I up and addressed the chair, '*Vou needn't go to tlie trouble to take a vote 
I as f am already elected."' Rurleson asked him if he would qualify and he 
' said he would so the petition was turned over to him to present at Llie fol- 
I lowing church nicel uig. 



—22 



After the regular sermon was delivered by the Rev. Salter and services 
closed, he remarked, tliere was a little church business to come before those 
interested. All present were interested and when tlie subject was brought 
up "the humblest man in the country" walked up with his petition and 
laid It on the alter. The Rev. Salter glanced over it and remarked, "Breth- 
ren the charge against Brother McCloy will be dropped for the present." 
*"Dncle Ance" said it always stayed dropped. 

Tiiis half hour spent with "Uncle Ance" Wilson was interesting and 
instructive to the writer, as he is a man of known reliability, social activity 
and the last living link between the present and the time prior to 1840 of 
those, who at man's estate, came to Jackson county. This narrative is only 
a memory record of a social chat as such things go between men,'^but in the 
main is true to details. 







23 



A -BUCKEYE XMAS. 



How it was Spent in the Van Buren Township Neighbor- 
hood Sixty Years Ago. 

(From Sabula Gazette.) 

As the season of the year notities me of the near approach of Christmas, 
and not being busy I thought I would write a few lines eitiier for the Gaz- 
ette or the waste basket, which 1 will leave the editor to decide, and my 
mind runs back to the Christmas time in this neighborhood, sixty years 
ago, the busy times in this old WyckotI home, a part of wiiich was built on 
purpose for merry making on Christmas and other holidays. My revered 
father, Col. E. fcJ. Wyckoif, in building a kitchen wliich he needed, con- 
cluded to make one that would answer two purposes, so he built it IGx.lG 
and put in a swing partition so when he wished to make it into a dance hall 
he could. The partition was swung up to the wall and it made a liall 
16 feet wide and .3G feet long, which at that time was the most elaborate 
hall in the country. As I look back to my boyhood days I can see that 
kind old mother with sleeves rolled up mixing the material for those fam- 
ous mince pies which only mothers can make, besides the gingerbread and 
fried cakes that tasted so good to me, and as 1 write it seems to me that 
although she has been dead tifty years I can hear her say, "Now Char- 
ley, don't touch those pies or that gingerbread or those fried cakes, they 
are for Christmas. Well, now if you will be a good boy and split those 
dry rails so when father comes he can build a tire in the oven, I have 2') 
more pies ready to bake and I will give you a cake and a piece of the ging- 
erbread." The oven spoken of was built of brick, arched over on top with 
an iron door. It was heated by tilling witli wood and wIumi tlie wood had 
been burned down, the^ashes and coals were taken out clean and wliat was 
wanted to bake was put in. Mother could bake i!.") line pies at one heating. 
I have counted 2(H) mince pies on the pantry shelves alone time. Perhaps, 
should this miss the waste basket and get to the readers of the Gazette, 
there will still be some who will read it with pleasure. At the time 1 am 
writing about the company did not wait until eiglit or nine o ciock to 



come but commenced coming in the afternoon, often as early as 3 o'clock. 
At 4 o'clock supper commenced and tables had to be set in the dance liall. 
As fast as people come they were served as it was expected that all would 
be through with supper and the hall cleared ready to commence dancing 
by 6 o'clock. Should any one be belated they had to eat supper In a small 
place. After the hall was cleared the music was generally furnished by 
Robert VVestbrook and John Scarborough, well known in the home of tlie 
Gazette, which furnished as guests, the Cantields, Schramlings, Bards, Mc- 
Elroys, Whites, Vials and others. Elauntown furnished the IJauns and 
Griwsolds. Bellevue furnislied llood Davis and others. Andrew furnished 
the Butterworths, Palmers and Snyders; Deep Creek furnished the Far- 
leys and Dickeys, besides our home Baldwins, Osburns, Swaneys, Prussias 
and Hatheways. There was the old tin candlestick that used to hang 
beside the wall to hold the candles made from deer's tallow, and hog's 
lard. There was no Sr.anard Oil in tliose days, and none of your wliirl- 
arouQd-stand-up-and-squeeze-them dances. It was quadrilles, money- musk 
or Virginia reels. It will be remembered by the early settlers that my 
father was quite a singer and would otfen entertain the company with a 
song. John Scarborough would tell the very amusing story. The mince 
pies, the gingerbread man and the cake was set on the pantry shelves and 
everyone helped themselves through the night. Those from Sabula and 
other distant points often staid until after breakfast. If snow was on the 
ground they cime in sieds, if not they came in wagons with a board across 
the box or flat down in the bottom, and often witl) ox teams. I don't re- 
member of any trouble at any of those dances, nor of anyone having too 
much drink, although on a httle stand was a decanter tilled with Billy G. 
Haun's best, free to all who wished it, but rj^ht here permit me to say at 
that time there was no such a place as a saloon. In every trading post eith- 
er in the back room or cellar there was a keg on tap free to all, and further, 
most of the young people belonged to some kind of a temperance society, but 
promoters of temperance quit trying to persuade people to do right and con- 
cluded to compel them by law, and I am forced to believe the temperance 
people made a great mistake in trying to make people be temperate. But 
just one more tiiougtit as I am an old man whose sand is most run out, and 
go back witli me sixty years ago to the old swinging bed and help me raise 
those warm bed clothes made from tlie wool spun by those busy hands of 
mother, and help me raise my iiead on cold Christmas morning and behold 
the row of stockings knit by ttie same lingers, lianging along the mantel 
slielf of tlie old tiieplace, and see ttiose happy faces as wo pile out of bed 
and eagerly take out i he little tokens left us by t he man triat came down 
the chimney, and togetlier let us thank God that our lot has l>L'en cast in a 
christian land, and that wlien he calls we shall meet that good old mother 
in the happy land. CI I AS. \VVCKOFb\ 



SIXTY-THREE YEARS AGO. 



Sabula and its Environs as They were in 1843. 

(From Sabula Gazette.) 

The following article tirst appeared in the columns of the Gazette of 
July 31, 1880. and was written by the late Dr. J. G. Suj^g, one of the pio- 
neers of this locality, founder of our Pioneers' and Old Settlers' Association, 
and one of the most reliable local historians, being possessed of a remarka- 
ble memory and a tine education. At the time of publication Dr. Sugg 
wrote of the days "Thirty-seven Years Ago," and the only change is to make 
it conform with the changes that have been made since the article was 
originally written, and to omit unimportant matter. 

In 1843 Sabula, then called Charleston, had few inhabitants and fewer 
dwellings. On the river street, from Long's sawmill to tiie railrcad bridge, 
there were only eleven buildings, namely: A large, rudely built frame ware- 
house, tirst owned by a man named Carey, standing on ttie bank of ttie 
river, about opposite the present residence of Henry Cohrt. Next was tlie 
old frame dwelling house, then owned and occupied by James Leonard 
(father of tlie late Jas. E. Leonard), and standing on the ground now occu- 
pied by Thompson's store. A short distance below this, and in the street, 
stood an abandoned log house. A frame building, occupeid ttien and until 
his death in 1845, by R. 11. fludson as a dry goods store, was located on the 
lot south of the present city hall. Then came the "Jowa Exchange" a 
large two-story frame building, tiie only hotel in tiie village. This build- 
ing was torn down years ago and the handsome brick residence of the late 
A. n. Berner occupies its site. On the ground now occupied by the old 
stone store building, north of J. L. Kimbell's residence, stood a rough log 
house, built for tlie purpose of sui)plying ttic much needed "hash" for the 
few boarders of those early days. Next came tlie ancient frame building 
occupied by tlie late Dr. 1']. A. Wood as a general store, on the corner 
where Geo. Lamg's elegant home is now located. Tliis was emphatically 
THE store, it being, with tiie exception of the Hudson store before noted, 
the stock in which was very small and limited, ttie only store in tlie place, 
and liad no competitor nearer than I>ellevue on the nortti and Lyons on the 
south. And even this s')tiary store was closed at times while its owner was 
a'^ay at Galena or elswehere. procuring new goods. 



A short distance south of the last building n^imed stood a respect ablft 
frame dwelling, since destroyed by lire, but then owned and occupied by 
Ulyses Steen as a dwelling and hotel: on the river bank opposite were two 
frame buildings, one being the old store house at the public landing,, across 
the street southeast of Geo. Lainsi's residence, built by \Vm. IJubbel, and 
a short distance south was a two-story frame residence. And Jastlv, on 
the southeast corner of Quarry street, stood a large rambling frame build- 
ing, frequently called "Wood's Castle", then owned and occupied by 
James Wood and family, ancestors of the late E A. and Jerry ^Vood. Not 
one of the above named remains today (IJiuG) to mark the passing of pio- 
neer days. 

Returning to the north end of the then village, there were on Pearl 
street, lirst, the brick dwelling house built by William Cameron (who was 
atferward drowned in the river by the sinking of a flat boat loaded with 
wood) standing on the corner now occupied by Henry Colirts' dwelling. 
South of this was all open ground until we came to Dorainy's blacksmith 
shop, a rough board shanty standing on the ground now covered by 
Busch's meat market, Goos's barber shop and Dallagher's cigar factory. At 
the' rear of his shop this worthy son of Vulcan made his charcoal for the 
forge tire, burning cords of wood at a time for that purpose, the escaping 
gases floating through town and filling the houses and the no-trils of 
their inmates with odors very dilTerent from tliose of 'Araby the blest". 
Adjoining this shop, was a wagon sliop presided over by our pioneer 
townsman, Fred Schramling, and who took in payment for his work what 
he could get, "just to accommodate", sometimes cash, sometimes pro- 
duce, and at least once, stocking yarn. He used tor his work native 
timber, seasoned as well as circumstances would permit. A little further 
south in the same block was a goodly appearing dwelling, not altogetlier 
finished, the enterprising individual who started it leaving for parts un- 
kDOwn and forgetting to pay his debts. One of his victims levied upon ttie 
house and sold it to our pioneer preacher Rev. Oliver Emerson, the purchase 
mo* ey being raised by subscription. The building was moved south onto 
the lot now occupied by M. Goiilmann's liand-:ome iiome, and fitted up for 
a residence on the lirst floor, the second story, used for church services, toe- 
ing readied by an outside stairway. On tlie lot next to where iUe building 
tirst stood, was a small one story house, owned and occupied by one Miller. 
South of this and on the east side of tlie street stood a one-story frame 
building owned and occupied by J. S. Dominy, who some >ears later moved 
it to the rear and erected a stone residence in front of it, being \ building 
now occupied by Miss Eli/a >ross, a daughter of Mrs. Dominv by a former 
husand. Across the street stood a small one and a half-stoiy frame resi- 
dence, wliich later was greatly enlarged and became the. Western Hc^te!" 
and is now the resideLce of the late (ieo. r>r>ant and Mr. Freede The 
next south vvas a frame residence owned bv Jamis Hudson, on the lot now- 
occupied by Mrs. Tlios. Scarborough's home. Tlion canie the frame resi- 
dence on lot ,3 in tlie same block, whit'ii has ji:st recently been overhauled 
and rebuilt bv E. S. Pay for a tenement house The losldenco on the corn- 
er of Pearl and Washington stjoojs. now occupied by Waller Willett came 



next, while in the middle of the same block was another small frame resi- 
dence. Jast north of Busch's meat market was a large frame residence, 
then owned and occupied by E. A. Wood, while on the opposite corner 
south was the same building that occupies the site at the present time, 
then owned by \Vm. llubbsl, but for many years past the property of Mrs. 
'M. E. Tucker, of Milwaukee. This house, aithouglj not very pretentious at 
the present time, was in 184.3 the ultima thule, the ne plus ultra of Pearl 
street. From that point south all was vacant. West on Broad street, on 
the lot sou h of S. E. Day's residence, was a frame building occupied by 
old Mr. Hudson. The next residence was three blocks north; Thos. Mar- 
shall had just erected a large frame residence, which was, many years later, 
transformed into a modern home by A. J. Copp, and is now occupied by O. 
A. Manning. Oiie house three blocks furtiier north completed and ended 
Broad street. There was also a saiall shanty looking building just north- 
west of the present location of tlie Milwaukee depot, but all the rest of the 
town site was a "waste howling wilderness", with not a vestige of street, 
highway or improvement being visible. There was no church nor school 
house, nor even a graveyard. There was no butcher shop, no barber shop 
nor bakery nor grocery store, but whiskey was abundant. The only avail- 
able grist mill was llubbel's, later owned by the Dickinsons, and that of 
Luther Bowen, two miles east of Savanna. 

[In the list of "living actors in the busy scenes of those days" in 
Charleston, as written by Dr. Sugg, L. H. Steen is the only one liv ing today 
and lie was a small boy at that time.] 

At the period of which this paper speaks, a growth of tall, luxuriant 
grasses covered every spot of untimbered low lying lands adjacent to the 
village. Immediately west of town the grass grew so tall that a man on 
horseback passing from Sabula westward on the traveled road, couldn't see 
men making iiay, though only a few rods distant, the grass being from five 
to eight feet high, and indeed it lias been known, bv actual measurement, 
to reach 10 feet liigti in some places. 

A tri-weekly mail between Dubuque and Davenport was our best mail 
service in those days, and it took a full week to correspond with Andrew, 
the then place of county business. Tlie postotlice was kept at the private 
house of William llul)bel. and tlie arrangements of the o ce consisted of 
20 small pigeon holes 

When death visited tiie little community and had chosen its victim, tlie 
cost of funeral ( including a black walnut collin witli a raised lid) seldom ex- 
ceeded six dollars--tive dollars being the price of tlie cotlin— a wagon was 
used for a hearse and, with all the atteneling vehicles, was furnished gratis 
by the owner. 

In 18t:{-4 and ."), a (luarter of beef would glut the market, and a single 
fiog ot moderate si/e could not find a purchaser. Two cents a pound for 
fore quarter of beef and three cents for hind ones, was the ruling price, and 
pork, when it could be sold or traded at all, brought two or three cents :i 
pound 'J\)wn lots were freely t rade(i (there was no dispdsition (o pay cash) 
at from $5 t.o $10 eacli, and merchantable produce liad to lind a ca^h pur- 



l: 1 



— -28-^ — 



chaser at Galena, there being no other market. In 1844 tlie writer (Dr. J. 
G Sugg) sold in Galena a tive-year-oJd steer, a tive-year-old Durham cow 
and a good four-year-old scrub cow for $30 for the lot, and spent four days 
in going and returning. Ab this time a fairly good cow with a young: calf 
sold at from 89 to $10. ^Money was at that time and for some years later, 
loaned at from 20 to 25 per cent, and yeb the law was quite as severe 
against usuiy then as it is now. 

Leaving town and going northward, there were bub nine farms be- 
.tween this place and Clark's E'erry, namely: Carroll's, McCabe's, Cav- 
anaugh's. Thos. Scarbarough's, Plunket's, McMahon's, Newberry's, Camp- 
bell Caldwell's, Parks, on the Maquoketa bottom. Returning to the road 
going west there was the farm for many years owned by J. G. Sugg, now 
owned by the estate of the labe'Geo. W. Bryant. On this farm J)r. Sugg 
had a story and a half hewn log house, a log barn covered with hay. and 
about six acres under cultivation. To the west, on wtiat is now the N C. 
White farm, was a rough log cabin and a few acres of cultivated land that 
was held as a claim by Arthur Mullen. Next on the road was Andrew 
Smiths, now occupied by ]-*eter Schroeder The next, the claim of VV. B. 
Beebe, now owned by John Kunau. The next was James Westbrook's farm, 
DOW owned and occupied b} Martin Harmsen. Adjoining bliis on biie west 
was a place tlien claimed by one Shay, now the Jerry Bruce farm. The 
pexb one was the farm now owned by Theo. Rodden of wliicli but a few 
acres was under cultivation. From this farm to the little patch claimed by 
Bart Gorwin on the waters of Copper Cree'-- — a distance of more than three 
miles, was, as far as tliey could reach, an unbroken wilderness, no trace of 
improvement visible on either side, and wolves fearlessly traveled on the 
road at noonday. When Thomas Pope halted near the township line, since 
cal ed Mt. Aigor, and began bo prepare for a residence, people wondered at 
his temerity in settling ab such a place and essaying to make a farm so far 
from timber, springs or running stream. From Corwin's to Deep Creek 
there were six small farms, one of them a mere "baclielor's nest." What is 
now known as Van Bureu, then called 'Buckeye' contained but nine farms 
from the Maquoketa road north to the valley of the river of that name, 
while the country lying to the south of the road and east of Copper Creek 
was destitute of settlement, and what is now Miles and the adjacent country 
was known as 'the prairie near the big spring west of Green's." 

Reburning to the west read and taking llie one leading south ttirough 
Canada Hollow, the lirsc imporvement encountered was a lit Me shanty with 
a few acres broken, owned by B Hudson on Sec. 21, 84-(). The next, was a 
small frame house tviiore .Joseph Doby, tlien a single man, lived and farm- 
ed the adjoining land. This place is now owned l)y J. J. Sumt-nerville. 
Next was a hewn log house belonging to Jas. Cantield. A little further 
south and east lived Peter Scliramling and family, anfl a short distaiu'p 
to the west, on the same creek, known as the Schramling I'reek, iivoii or 
stayed that jovial and hearty pioneer, .loseph McMlroy. Here in hks chos- 
en locality at the fool of a bold blutV, liveii our friend in single blessed- 
ness and where, like Alexander Selkirk, he was monarch of all ho survey- 



ed. His abode was well known to the settlers south of him, and although 
a temperate man himself he has "many times and oft" saved from almost 
certain death by free/>ino^, his inebriated acquiintances of Clinton county, 
who, unconscious of their condition and consequent danger, perhaps gave 
him a call or a shout as they vseuded their way home. [Joseph McElroy 
passed away at the home of his daughter, ^Irs J. F. S^hra-^ li- tr if' 'hi^ 
city, on February 19, 1906. and was the last of those siurd, p ut.c. . v» 
are mentioned in thi^ article, and he still owned the farm referred to 
above at the time of his death.] From this pioneer dwelling to I faun 
town (except a few acres lower down the creek, on wliat was called the Hud- 
son claim, and an unfinished building on land now owned by Louis Ilnnde- 
vard) the all-con(iuering axe or civilized plow liad left no trace, llaun 
Town was unborn. Tiie place had two small houses and there was an un- 
llDished structure intended by a man named Barber for a iiemp mill. 

Again returning to the west, or Maqiioketa road, and leaving it at the 
crossing of Elk Creek and following that stream southsvartJ, the first build- 
ing encountered was a frame on what is now the farm of Nelson Kimball, 
but where at that time 1 ved George F. Green and family, including the 
Kimballs, then men, but unmarried Tiie next along the creek was If. G. 
Crary's farm, and still further south but adjoining, was that of George 
Hollis, botli farms in later years being owned by Bodie. 

With the exception of a small field on the land now owned by Hans Jess 
and a small one in Clinton county then claimed by a man named Wilson, 
later owned by llobt. Walker and now the property of John Tliompson, all 
land, right and left, was open and unclaimed. 

Id closing his article Dr. Sugg says: "Although the foregoing descrip- 
tion of the condition of Sabula and the surrounding country in 184.}. may 
not be minutely and in every particular strictly accurate, yet it is believed 
to be substantially true, and that pioneers who survive and peruse it, will 
recognize the faithfulness of the picture, and fully endorse tlie statements 
therein made." 



30 



An Infidel Helps Build a Christian Church 

In Charley VVyckoli's recent narrative of the long ago, it recalls to the 
memory of the writer j-ceoes that are closely in line with his experience 
sixty years ago, wlien the tirst settlers began to make homes in Iowa, for 
most part tlieir start was of the rudest kind. Their tirst caUiris were built 
out of round logs or poles, and as the emigrants usually came in gangs, 
overland with ox teams, sometimes ten or twelve families in a group and 
these usually settled as close together as practical, thus making a commun- 
ity of their own for tlie mutual help ana orobection of each other. Much 
of their work they did making frolicks or what we now call bees. If it 
was to build a cabin they all gob together, the women as well as tlie men, 
and frequently began r.o build in ti)e morning and complete tiie struct- 
ure and had it ready for a dance that night. And on such occasions it us- 
ually required the entire outlit of cooks with thier utensils to b^ brought 
together to be sutlicie-it for the occasion. The so-called Dutch oven, the 
cast iron tea-kettle, the skillet and the coll'ee pot, together with a set of 
peuter plates and spoons and with one-lialf dozen knives and forks and 
some tin cups all put together made a good outtit for any one family. 
T'»e cooking was mostly done by a tire in the open air, the tire place was 
usually made by serting two forks in the ground eight or ten feet aoart 
with a pole laid across, from wliich chains or withs were suspended on 
which to hang tiie kettles. Willi these equipments the ladies, who were 
always out in force, done the cooking. it is hardly necessary to say that 
such an occasion was as much a feast as it was a so-called raising, for the 
cooking was invariably tirst -class. Meals, such as pork and beef were not 
plentiful in those days. But to supply this dellcen y, wild game was abun- 
dant: aeer, praine hens, quail, grouse and lisii were so plentiful that it re- 
quired only a'little time occasionally by tlie nimiod to keep the family sup- 
plied with meat. And many of the ladies were among thobc who wfild the 
ritle or shot gun with a precision fully e(inal with the crack shots among the 
men. It was, liowever, not many years till things began to change for the 
better, new and better houses were built, and the frolicks or bees were by 
no means abandoned. The social conditions, if anything, were striMigthen- 
ed, and the circuit of sociability was widened, and these settlers had not all 
left Ihtir religion on the ea.st side of the 'M ijsij;sippj river, hut formed 
themselves into common assemblies for worship. Ihit there were yet. few 
regular ministers and i hese people were of the dilTerent detuiminat ion of the 
eastern states. It therelore became necessary to cast aside seclerianism 
and act as one people. Tlie preaclnng was commonly done liy h(;me talent, 
such as are now called or>e-horse or plug preachers aixi these serMd without 
a specified salary and were often men of both wit and grit. 



It was about the jear 1S50 or '51 that the writer was traveling over the 
western part of Jackson county in quest of Jand and stop in a sraall town 
that was not entirely new and tliat contained about one iiundred iniiabit- 
ants. The proprietor of this town was an energetic business man of genial 
disposition, a gentleman and withal an outspoken intidel; lie owned nearly 
all the town site besides several iiundred acres of tiie adjacent lands. ' also 
the mills that were in operation at this point. And in this little village the 
people were of the same makeup, kind as elsewhere. And here tliey re- 
solved to unite for the purpose of building a union church. As a rule they 
were poor and it required their united elforls to raise $G00. With this 
amount tliey resolved to build a house. A committe was now appointed lo 
wait on the intidel proprietor, to if possible, procure a site, and here the 
committee put forth their most inlluential man, lest the proprietor's inli- 
delity woulp lead thera to an absolute denial. But the foreman approached 
him and asked him the price of a lot that the committee had chosen as 
suitable for the intended church. The proprietor now asked the man what 
he wanted to build on such a knob as that. 

We want to build a church the man relpied. 

What, A church! A church! baid the proprietor. And how much 
money have you with which to buildV 
We have $600. 

Pugh! Said the proprietor. I will never sell you a lot for a house such 
as that amount would build. But this I will do. If you build a house 
worth at least twice that amount, I will donate the lot and give $.300 besides. 

This announcement astonished the committee, it was so far, from what 
they expected to hear from the intidel that it soon became the town talk 
J. J. was converted to Christianity and soon after he v\as interviewed by 
two of the most prominent citizens who asked him if it was true that lie 
was converted to christiunity. But he said. Pshaw! No, it is business 
that I mean. Any town that is no larger than ours and is without a 
church, is a damned town. And if a stranger comes along with the view 
of making an investment and sees no church, he will hardly stop over 
night in such a town. No, I am not converted, but my business demands 
it and if the house is ever built 1 do not know as I will ever go inside, but 
let the falacy be ever so s'feat it is nevertheless that, that moves the world. 
And we must have churches to help our business matters This little 
speech of ttie intidel proprietor settled the matter and tlie church was in 
due time built, but its future history and that of the town, 1 will leave to 
the future historiaa to relate. OLD OBSKUVEU. 



CAPTAIN JOHN H. WEBER. 



Brief Sketch of the Life and Character of a Remarkable 
Man— Discoverer of the Great Salt Lake. 

Since our last publication a more complete Jife sketch of Capt. John 
Weber has been found which we publish as lohows: 

The subject of this sketch was born in tlie town of Altona, then a part 
of the kingdom of Denmark in 1779. The boy received a fairly good educa- 
tion, and grew to a vij^orous and well developed manhood. While quite 
young he ran away to sea, and for years sailed tiie "Briny Deep." lie was 
captain and commander of a passenger ship before lie was 21 years old, and 
in very troublous times too. owing to the wars being then waged between 
England and France on land and sea. He commanded sailing vessels for 
nearlv six years. In isio he settled in the United States and got married 
live years later on. About this time he became a resident of St. Louis. In 
the spring oi 1822 a company was organized in St. Louis for the purpose of 
hunting, trapping and trading with the Indians in the Rocky mountains. 
The name of the projectors and the proprietors of this "wild west" scheme 
were Messrs. Asliley, Weber and Henry. Ashley, being the rich man of tlie 
tirra, furnished the out tit, which consisted of two keel boats (steam as a 
propelling power was then unknown) loaded with provisions, luearms, traps, 
ammunition, and such other supplies as was considered ne('es!^ary for the 
successful prosecution of such an expedition. Fifty men, mostly Canadians, 
joined the outtit. The party left St. Louis in the spring of JS22 and slowly 
ascended the Missouri river. They were six months reacning the month of 
the Yellowstone river, where they halted and made a "cache" in which to 
store tiie supplies they could not take with them. Each year tliis "cacfie" 
was replenished, and furs shipped to market. (Waptains Webor and Henry 
took command of thirt(KMi men each, the others returning or remaining 
with the boats. Heaver and otter were the furs then mainly sought after 
by trapi)ers, and they rea[)ed a rich harvest on the Columbia river, where 
beaver and otter were found in great abundance. 

Capt. Weber was not only a trapper, but lie was also a discoverer. Of 
the tifty-three men who accompanied this expedition, liis name is the only 
one remembered. It i> remembered t^ecause lie was the lirst while man to 
look upon the great Salt Lake. He was also the discoverer of the Webor 
river and tlie now famous Weber canyon, both of which bear his name. 



33 



Capt. Weber and party roved over the Rocky mountains for tive years, dur- 
ing? which time they encountered many dangers, hardships and hair breadth 
escapes from Indians and wild animals. 

The Captain returned to his nome in St. Louis in the autumn of 1S2T, 
to get acquainted with his family, his son William haviner been born during 
''he first year of his absence. In the spring of 1832 he removed with his 
.mily to Galena, 111., then far famed for its lend mines, where he contin- 
id to reside until 1844, when he settled in Bellevue, and lived here until 
IS death in February, 1859. Capt. Weber was the father of seven children, 



] 



'|ve of whom are still living, namely: Mrs. Jourdan of Dubuque, Wm. and 
Sarah feber -"^f Believue, Stephen Weber of St. Louis and Fred Weber of 
Mechani^-sville, 111. Sarah is the youngest. 

Captain Weber was no ordinary man. Nature had done well bv him. 
lie was a man of iarge and powerful frame, of erect carriage and graceful 
manner His face indicated the superior intelligence behind it. Re had a 
nose on him like a Roman Emperor, and an eye as regal and piercing as 
that of .an American eagle. He had the courage of a hero, and the staying 
qualities of a martyr. Tliose wiio knew him well say tljat they do not be- 
lieve that he ever experienced such a thing as a sensation of fear. But he 
was impetuous and peculiar in many ways, and at times disagreeable and 
unhappy. His was a mercurial nature tliat went up in hope or down with 
""esDair. He made $20,000 by hunting, trapping and trading in the Rocky 
mountains bufwas beaten out of what was then a great fortune by dishon- 
est partners. He never made or saved much wealtli afterwards and died 
I ^.^ r. He performed clerical work in the county ottices and for Bellevue 
merchants for years before he died He, at last, became a victim of neu- 
ralgia in the face, and suffered all the torments which that dread malady is 
► able to inllict. Life became a burden to him, and he resolved to shutlle 
the mortal coil that bound him to this world with his own hand. He 
;'\erately committed suicide in 1S59, bv cutting his throat, and bleed- 
ing to dc^^h in a few moments afterward. Flis remains lie buried in tlie 
North Bellevue cemetery. ]!^o stone of any kind marks the grave of this re- 
markable man who was one of tlie first pioneers of our now great western 

empire, the discoverer of the great Salt Lake, Weber river and Weber can- 
yon. 



IN BYGONE DAYS. 



Scraps from the Early History of Jackson County— ^Th-a- 
Cottonville Tragedy— The Horse of the Murdered 
Man Starves to Death 

One of the most cold blooded and brutal crimes ever committed in Jack- 
son county, was the murder of Samuel S. Cronk, on tlie night of the -.'Jrd 
of January. 1867, near Cottonville. The crime was evidently committed by 
persons who ouj^ht to have been his friends, for the money he was supposed 
to have about liim. Cronk was a young man who had been raised upon a 
farm in Farmers Creek townsliip. by W. B. Whitely, had served three years 
in the army, and at that time of his death was about 20 years of age. , ^ 

In 18GG-7. Mr. Wiiitely with his family, including young Cronk. waa 
living in Andrew, and was conducting a store. On the -2nd of June 
1807, Cronk was sent by Sherlif VV. S. Helden to serve a subpoena on .I v.'.... 
Wilson at Laraotte. On the way he stopped at Cottonville, where he mi't 
some of his old army comrades, among them Rueben Jamison and Samui^l 
P. VVatkins. v/ho persuaded him to stay over nit^iit and attend a dance at 
Cottonville tliat ni'^ht. After the dance he went to f.amo'te and serve' ^ 
the papers, and on his return the next day stopped at Cottonville wK.-... . 
he met Watkins again, who proposed to him tliat- they go to a Mr' Ceor,.' 
Nelson's a couple miles east of Cottonville, where there were two gn> 
with whom botli were acquainted. They spent the evening at Nelson's i-o 
til about 8 o'clock, when Cronk spoke about going, and asked young i^tor 
Nelson to accompany him back to the Cottonville road; but Watkins 
marked that lie was «oing over to Mr. Hunter's to spend the night, con- 
quently thev would bt^ going tlie same road. Thev left Nelson's .:etht 
both walking, C'ronk leading tiie horse, and no one ever claimed to Ik. 
seen Samuel S. Croak in life again. • Watkins claimed tluit he accompani 
Cronk to the Mort Phillip's place, put him on the road leading to the 1 
buque road, and tlien parted with him, he, Watkins, taking a crt)ss road 
Cottonville. 

Tlie next morning the liTeless body of young Cronk was found by I>.\' 
Gleason and other school children ab^ut twenty rods east of Ihi^schoo '••.^ 
The .tr.icks and l)lood and position of tlie body indic;ited that I Ll:>^TTff''^ 
liad been murdered in i ho road by persons lying in wait, wljlo liad cni>;;(<' 
ins head wit h some l)luiit Instrument riio l)()dy had been, 'Jurricd to 
fence on the south side of the road and tuml)k'd over into ihe Wohi, Wi, 



found the head was lyinof agauist the fence, and the feet extending into the 
field. The cape of his soldier overcoat was drawn over his head, and tlje 
hat and pants were gone, as well as the horse, saddle and bridle. The boys 
on finding the body informed their teacher, Miss Mary llurd, that there 
was a dead man lying in the field. She said that she doubted the state- 
ment of the children at first, but finally went to where she could see the 
body; that she noticed tracks of a number six or seven boot going norttn 
noticed 'where the horse had been tied to a small hickory tree just oil the 
road; only saw two tracks, one small and one large; the blood and snow 
was frozen and crusty. The teacher went to Mr. Huriter's and sent Dan- 
iel Gleasou to Mr. Sawtell's. The news spread fast and there was quite a 
crowd gathered. lieuben Jamison was the tirst to recognize the body as 
that of his old comrade, Samuel S. Cronk. The body was loaded into a sled 
and taken up to Cottonville to Squire Abbey's ollice, where an inquest was 
held. 

" Samuel P. VVatkins was known to be with Cronk the night lie was 
killed and he was questioned to where he left Cronk. He said they parted 
at Mort Phillip's placa betv^een 7 and 8 o'clock, and tliat he arrived at 
home, meaning John t^ucklin's. about 9 o'clock; but several members of the 
Baker family had seen him near Cottonville after 11 o'clock. When the 
body was found there were three balls of snow and ice on the boot heels, 
indicating ttiat the young man had been talking for some time, and his 
mittens were found sticking in his overcoat pocket, where he always carried 
them when walking. 

Watkiiis was arrested on the evening of the 24th of January, and his ex- 
amination commenced ori the 29th. Jfe was released on bail. 

On tlie nii'ht of the 2")th of January there was. a fieavy fall of snow 
which laid on the ground until about the 1st of April. On the 0th of April, 
Joseph McCombs. who lived on the Cotton place, found the dead bod? of 
the liorse which Cronk had with him on ttie night of the murder. The 
horse had been tied to a small oak tree in a piece of woods near Cottonville 
and allowed to starve to death. The saddle was on the horse, and Cronk's 
hat was found lying on the ground near the bodv of tlie horse On the 
8th of April, W. R Whitely and a Mr. Hean made a search of the ground 
in the vicinity of where the murder was committed Mr. Whitely found 
on tlie norfi sidi3 of the road in a brushy place, a small piece of stove 
wood. On pickingup the stick lie found some hair caught in a splinter 
that re.it;. >^ Med Cronk's hair. This was about S or in rods north of where 
the murder svas committed. About the same time Whitely found this 
club, Deaii found a piece of plow clevis with a blue dcfiims string on it in 
Sawtells' tiild about ten feet south from wliere the l)ody was found, riio 
piece ot clevis had several hairs sticking to it of the same color as the hair 
on ttie cmb. The piece of clevis was recognized by some of the neigtihors as 
one they had seen at the Jnlm Ihicklin place, which Ihicklln's little hoy had 
jr a plaything, liucklin aKo had a peculiarly shaped hoot, which e.xactly 
fitted into the tracks made by one of the men at. the scene ol the murd«M'. 
and the mate to the pie'-e of clevis was foutui in his granary. It made a 
hai looking case againsthim. 



36 



Previous to the 23rd of January, Watkins had been known to be hard 
up; liad stood a shoemaker off for a pair of boo^.s, and at the dance winch 
he attended with Cronk the night before the murder, had no money to pay 
for his number. After lie was released on bail he had several ten-doJlar bills 
changed, a fact which kept iiim under suspicion. 

On the day the horse was found Watkins had gone to Andrew to swear 
out an information against some of the Conklins who lived near Iron Hills. 
One of the Conkiin's and one of the Bronson's had been known to pass along 
the Belle vue road the night of the murder. When Watkins was told of the 
horse being found, he said, "I am sorry, I am sorry." He was again ar- 
rested and confined in jail. 

After the finding of the clevis and club, the body of Cronk was taken up 
and the scalp removed, and it was found that the piece of clevis lilted near- 
ly exactly in the wounds in tlie front part of the head, which liad cruslied 
in the skull. Dr. Ewing said these must have been made bv ihe piece of 
clevis or something similar to it. Sheriil Belden said there was not one 
chance in a million that these wounds could have been made by any ottier 
instrument. 

The grand j iry at the March term of court had failed to find a bill 
against Watkins, as the theory generally prevailed that Cronk i^ad been 
murdered by highwaymen, from the face that the liorse was missing, but 
with the fir)ding of the skeleton of the horse and ttie piece of clevis and 
club, suspicion reverted buck to Watkins. and it was very evident that he 
had accomplices The clevis and his boots fastened suspicion on John Buck- 
lin, and it appeared hat the blows making the wounds on Cronks forehead 
nad been given by a left handed man. Calvin Nelson a left handed man, 
was a brother-in-law of Bucklin's, and his boots corresponded with the 
tracks made by one of the parties in the snow where the body was found. 
Watkins made his home with Buckliu, Circumstances pointed to the three 
men as perpetrators of the awful crime, and they were indicted on a charge 
of conspiracy and murder. As the indictment is short, we insert it: 
The State of Iowa vs. Samuel P Watkins, Calviri ;Xelsou and Jotm B. 

Bucklin. 

In the district court of Jackson county, State of Iowa. 

The grand jury of tlie county of Jackson aforesaid, in the name and by 
the authority of tiie state of Iowa, accused Samuel P. Watkins. Calvin Nel- 
son and John B. 13ucklin, of ttie crime of murder, perpetrated and comnjit- 
ted as follows: 

1st. The said Samuel P. Watkins, John B. Buckiin and Calvin Nelson 
on the 23rd of January, in the year of our l.ord one thousand eight hurjdred 
and sixty seven, in the county aforesaid, in and upon one Samuel S. Cronk, 
i n ttie peace then and t here being, feloniously, wilfully, premtditaledly. 
and of their malice aforethought, did make an a^ssault. at)d the said Samuel 
P. Watkins. Cavlin Nelson and John B. Bucklin, with a certain piece of 
iron culled a part of a clevis, of al)Out the length of twelve IikMics, arid trie 
widtli of one inch, and with one oak stick of wood of the length of oig.hteen 
Inches and ol tlio thickness of two inches, whit'h t hey then atui there in 



37 



their hands, aod him, the said Samuel S. Cronk, then and there 
feloniously, wilfully, deliberately, preooeditatedly, and of their malice afore- 
thought, divers times did stril^e and beat, giving to him, the said Samuel 
S. Cronk, by striliing and beating liim, as Jast aforesaid, with said piece 
of iron and said stick of wood, several mortal strokes, wounds and bruises 
iu and upon tlie head of him, the said Samuel S. Cronk, to- wit: One 
mortal wound on the forehead of him, the said Samuel S. Cronk; one 
mortal wound on the back and side of the head of him, the said Cronk: 
and one mortal wound extending from the side of the head to the back of 
the head of him, the said Samuel S. Cronk; of which said mortal strokes, 
wounds and bruises, he, the said Cronk, afterward, to-wit, on the day 
and year aforesaid at and in the county of Jackson, died. 

2nd. And the grand jury aforesaid in the name and by the autiiority 
of the state of Iowa, do furtlier tind and present tliat the said Samuel P. 
VVatkius, Calvin Nelson and John B. liucklin, on the 23rd day of January, 
A. D. 1867, in the county of .Jackson, in the state of Iowa, in and upon one 
Samuel S. Cronk, in the peace then and there being, feloniously, wilfully, 
deliberately premeditatedly, and of their malice aforethought, did ninke an 
assault, and with the part of an iron clevis, and with a stick of wood, and 
with a knife, did then and there strike, beat, bruise, cut and wound liim, 
he aforesaid, Cronk, in and upon his head and other parts of his body, and 
by means aforesaid the said Samuel P. Watkins, Calvin Nelson, and John li. 
Bucklin, did then ana there fiim, the said Samuel S. Cronk, kill and mur- 
der. And so the grand jury aforesaid do say that the said Samuel V. Wat- 
kios, Calvin Nelson, and John B. Bucklin, him, the said Samuel S. Cronk, 
iu the manner and by the means aforesaid, feloniously, wilfully, deliberate- 
ly, Dremeditatedly a'ld of their malice aforethought, did kill and murder, 
contrary to the laws of Iowa in such cases made and provided, and against 
the peace and dignity of the state of Iowa. (Signed) 

LYMAN A. ELLIS, 
District Attorney 7th Judicial District. 

The above bill of indictment was presented in open court in the pres- 
ence of the grand jury, and tiled on the 2Sth dav of September, 18(57; Wat- 
kifis was held in custody and John B Bucklin admitted to bail in the sum 
of $;;000, and Nelron in the sum of $1300. 

Samuel P. Watkins was arrais?ned at the March term of court.. 1S»>7 
plead "not guilty, " and I he case was continued to the December term of 
said court. By btuit time tlie case had bcome so noted, and had been dis- 
cussed in the papers and otherwise so much, that it was very ditlicult to get. 
a jury. P'ifty meri were summoned bv the sherilT. and two days wore con- 
sumed in selecting a jury of twelve men. Tlie jury as impanelled was ci>m- 
posed of the following named persons: lion. (^oo. C. in)orling, foreman, 
^o\n\ Orcutt. Milton (Jodard, F. (i. Potter, F. M. Miles, M. L liitch- 
couk. Viitv.r (Jerman, U m. Miller, Cieo. Ileustis, G. \V. House, VVm. i'otter 
aJid M V. Smith 'I'h« court appointed as counsel for the defendant. \Vm. 
^iraham and D. A. Wynkoop, C. M. Dunnar volunteering to assist. I tio 
state was represented l)y lion. L. A. Kills, assisted by Judge J. S. Darling 
einpluyed by Cronk's sister. 



The jury was called and District Attorney Ellis read the charges against 
defendant, according to the indictment found by the grand jury.. Mr. Ellis 
then pointed out the law regarding a case of murder, and called the atten- 
tion of the jury to the importance of the case then before them defining in 
brief the distinction between murder in the tirst and second degrees. Tli-is 
was murder in tlie tirst degree. The deceased had been one of our young 
countrymen and a citizen of the immediate vicinity; a young man whose 
character was beyond reproach: liad been a soldier and braved the dangers 
of battles and exposure for the common defense of all men an(i his country 
in particular; was murdered in cold blood; the murder was doubtless unpro- 
voked and made not so much from any spite as for actual g'lin The in- 
struments witli v^hich the deed had been committed were bron 'ht into- 
court and siiown to the jury. The nature of the wounds were described 
by the district attorney, stating that evidence would be brought to siiow 
conclusively that these were the weapons, and thdt the murderer was a 
resident of ttiat neighborhood in which the body was found. 

The circumstances leading to the arrest of U-atkins were stated in a 
concise manner, showing ttiat evidence would be brought to show the 
whereabouts of both parties from the time the deceased left, Ai:drew to 
serve subpoenas until his body was foutid; that VVatkms tiad been uthout 
money; that he supposed Cronk to fiave a considerable sum; that he was the 
last person to be seen with him prior to the murder; that the weapons be- 
longed to the place where Watkins lived or made his home; that he told 
falsehoods when tirst arrested on suspicion in regard to amoufits of money 
he had and where he obtained the sama; that he had plenty of money after 
the murder, and paid for a pair of boots with a certain ten-dnlhir bill re- 
ssmbling a ten-dollar bill with wtjich Cronk was known to have had at ttie 
time of the murder; that wtien defendant was out on bail after tlie tirst 
arrest and in the ollice of the sheriil getting out papers for the arrest of 
Conklin and others, the word came that the horse of Cronk's had beeri found 
he, the defendant, stated. "I am sorry, I am sorry" acting at the ^^ame 
time uneasy, and looking all sorts of colors; that he was immediatelv re ar 
rested and tias since been held in custody ; that lie is yet unable to account- 
for the discrepancy in time of going home, and the time of bting setn after 
the liour that he states he arrived home. 

The trial which was the greatest legal battle ever fought in the courts 
of Jackson county, lasted eleven davs The jury after beiny out one day 
and one night returned the following verdict. We tlie jurv tind the deferiri- 
ant guilty of murder in the lirst degree, and we lind him guilt v on the tir^t 
count. 

Watkins was sentenced to be hanged h'cb. 2lst, h^iiS. an extension of 
time was granted to April ITt h, isiis In the meantiuie lUioUlin and Nelson 
had taken a change of venue to Clinton county, and had In'en acciuittrd. 
mainly, \l was claimed, because the prosecuting at torney was haiulicappKlbv 
the IJoard of Supervisors who discouragtd making exprriso iiecos.*<arv to gel 
an array of witnesses to go to Clinton countv. After the ac<iuitlal of these 
men wlio l»;vd been arrested witli Watkins on (he theory of a conspiracy. 
Watkin's attorneys got l.)usy and press»;d (heir pt:(ition tor a tunv trial for 



their client and their prayer was granted and Watkins had no trouble in 
getting a change of venue to Clinton county Th^ prosecuting attorney was 
discour:\ged as he felb tliab it would be harder to convict Watkins after the 
charge of conspiracy had fallen through, and it was generally believed tliat 
he would be acquitted if tried again. The matter of expense of taking an 
army of witnesses to a great distance as it seemed to some of the people 
was discussed, and t'nally the prosecution was abandoned and the inhuman 
wretch was turned loose. After his release he went to Clinton and worked 
in a hardvvare store for a time I believe the last heard of him in CJIinton 
for years was of his being out with a man one night drinking and carousing. 
The next morning the man was found vvith his head split open with an axe, 
but not quite dead, and I believe he eventually recovered, but Watkins had 
disappeared. Ilis next exploit in killing that has come to light was in Mon- 
ona couiitv. We have not been able to get access to ttie records of Munoua 
county, but from the papers we learned tliat Watkins went to a widow iady 
in that county who liad a nearly grown up boy and engaged the }oung 
man and a team with the mottier's consent to pick corn for him on a 
farm that he cl'umcd to own in a ditlereut part of the county, promising to 
pay $2 50 per day from ti)e time tliey started until tiie corn was all picked. 
Ttie mother never heard from her boy again in life. The next spring his 
body was fajnd lodged in some willow bushes on the bank of a small 
stream Iri the meantime Watkins had reiurnel to the ueigiiborhood, and 
reported that the boy tiad goue west. After the linding of the bod> of the 
boy Watkins ^as arrested and charged with his murder. 

It was shOA'n that Watkins had sold the team and outfit, and he admit- 
ted that he killed the boy, but claimed it was in self defense; said thatlhey 
had quarrelled about building a tire to cook their meal b) or souiething of 
that kind, a.id that tlie boy tried to hit him witn a neckyoke, and that be 
had to shoot him. At the time of ttie murder, capital punishment ha(i been 
abolished and ttie maximum penalty was life imprisonment, and Watkiiis 
was sentenced to iiaid labor in tlie penitentiary at Fort Madison for life, 
and tliereafter many futile efforts for a pardon lie grew old and broken in 
health atid discouraged, and recently died leaving something like in 
money the earnings of many yeais, acquired by making and selling trinkets 
as souvenirs, to the son of the warden ot the prison. 

A. VI. Phillips, postmaster of Maquoketa, who was Captain of ttie Com- 
pany (I 31st Iowa lnf;intrv) in which l)oth Cronk and Watkins served for 
lliree years, has several mementoes the liandiwork of Watkins wliile in pris- 
on One is a beautiful inlaid box, and another a fancy bridle Itiat would 
have comaianded a fancy price but tliey were presented by Watkins as a tok- 
en of his allect ion for his old commander. 

After he left Jackson county Watkins was married ami his wife had one 
child, a diu^Mitor, after his condemnation to the penitentiary for lile, his 
wife secured a divorce and later mnrried again. At the time o( Watkins 
dual h tiis d iughter had grown np and married, and mother and (iaughier 
with their families were living in some of the \Nestern stales, Idaho I think. 

lh)n Thomas Lambert, who was state senator at the lime, JuJiited them 
up ;uui noliliod them ot Watkins death and of the tact that he had h-fl cou- 



siderable property. But the daughter felt that she would rather not have 
the property on account of the undesirable notoriety that a claim for it 
would attract to her. 

The warden told Senator Lambert that he did not want his son to have 
the money willed iiim by Watkins, but tliere was no other claimant for - it, 
and it is not probable that the bequest was turned aside. 

While War kins, Bucklin and Nelson were contined in the old jail at An- 
drew awaiting trial, a mob of more than 200 men was organized to hang 
them. The mob or vigilance committee entered the town of Andrew one 
evening and took possession of the town gi ving ou^, that thev would hang 
the tliree men next morning at 9 o'clock. Tliey had no thouglit that any 
esistance would be attempred, and neglected the important precaution of 
Securing the prisoners, knowing full well that the antiquated jail would 
olier but little resistance. But Sheriil Winfield Scott l^elden who had 
learned discipline during tliree years of war had but little respect for a mob, 
and had no thought of surrendering his prisoners to them He had an in- 
terview with a boy during the evening, and arranged with him to take a 
message to Macjuoketa for him tije next morning. In accordance with pre- 
vious instructions the boy mounted a fleet horse very earlv in the morning 
and started for tiie open country, lie was promotly stopped by a vicilant 
on guara. but tlie boy told the guard that lie was going to the pasture for 
his motiier's cows and was allowed to proceed, but when he had got out of 
siglit lie rode straigiit and swift to Maquoketa, and delivered a letter from 
the sheriff to tiie deputy, commanding l)im to get men. and transportation 
for tJiem and hasten to Andrew. The sherilf selected five men in wiiom he 
could rely in an emergency armed them with revolvers and in tlie early 
morning took the prisoners from the jail and e'^crted them to the second 
floor of the court house, barricading the stairway by covering it over witli 
lumber, and awaited tije further action of the mob. Many of the mem- 
bers had gone home to do their chores and spend the nigtit, and it was 
about nine o'clock before they had all returned and were ready for busi- 
ness. Uider the leadership of Robert Black, a good man, too good to 
have been engaged in such work, the mob repaired to ttie court, house 
and called upon the sherilf to deliver up tiie prisoners. The sherilT with 
scant courtesy refused to comply with their demands and assured them 
that the lirst man who showed his head in the stairway would have ttie 
same blowod oif. After some quarreling among themseives the leader re- 
quested the sherilf to come down and talk the n-atter over pledging him 
he would be ;illowed to return after the conference. Ttie ^^heiill went rJown 
to tlie men and after takling over the situation pledt'ed his word of hoiu>r 
that tie would take the prisoners to DuljiKjue that very day and place them 
in the then st;(in^^est jail in the state and would 1)3 personally n>por\siiile 
for their appeatanre wticn court convened. On this pled^'e from the sheritl 
the moO ai:ree(i to dlsban<i and leave tin* f.ite of the prisofu'rs to Hie courts. 
.Just a.s t'le, mailer was .amicahly settled a larj-'c body of mounted men rocie 
into the liftU« town fro i .Ma(|Uoketa to ^.s^^^st the stienll' it needed A year 
later members of that vigilance commit t 'o saw those same prt>:on«'rs relea.sed 
without iiiauinir a rrotrst. 'I'tie writer believes thai hart this nui) tiad the 
same lea ler that le.d the mob of l^'iT jii>i 10 years earlier the .sherilf cotild 
not liave saved his prisoners and ihe tiands of Watkins wouUl nut have hetn 
stained with the blood of Ihe Monona county boy. 



An Old Campaign Flag. 



(Compiled for tho .Jacksoa County Flistorlcal Society by J. W. Ellis, Curator ) 

1. P. Ilinman, an old and \%ell known resident of Maquoketa, recently 
deposited with J. VV. Ellis, an old flag which has quite an interesting his- 
tory. In 1840, Mr. IJinman was living in New York State, and it is a mat- 
ter of history ttiat pohtical excitement ran about as high that year as at 
any Presidential contest in the history of the Repubhc. The excitement 
reached tlie little town wliere Mr. llinman lived, and it occurred to him 
and his partisan neighbors that tliey ought to, ana must tiave a tlag for use 
in the campaign. A meeting was called to take steps to secure a tlag. Mr. 
Hinman and his father-in-law, Judge Wheeler, were made a Committee on 
Flag, the money to pay for whicli was to be raised by subscription. Tiie 
committee sent a man \'l miles to the nearest town where tiie proper ma- 
terial for a tlag could be liad, Mr. llinman furnishing a horse for the man 
to ride and $5 00 to buy material with. Judge Wlieeler employed an artist 
to paint an eagle on the tlag and soQie of tlie ladies sewed the red and 
white stripes together and tiic little village liad as tine a campaign flag as 
any community in tlie state. Old Tippecanoe won out iu the light and 
ttiere was no effort made to collect the money tiiat was promised to pay for 
tlie flag, and Mr. llinman and Judge Wlieeler had a flag on tlieir hands. 
Judge Wheeler kept the tlag as long as he lived, and at liis death it was 
turned over to Mr. Hinman. The old tlag bus figured in many political 
campaigns and Fourth of July celebrations, and is in fairly good condition 
now. Mr. IJinraarj thought that it had seen sutlicient active service, and 
wanted it put in a glass case wliere the people could see without hanaling 
what tie prized as a historic relic and souvenir. 

Mr. llinman also placed in the museum an old butter paddle which he 
said was more than 100 years old, and said lie had known it himself for more 
than so years. 



Journal of a Missionary in Jackson County, I)wa Terri- 
tory, 1843-6. 

(By William Salter.) 

Under a commission from tlie American Home Missioiiar. Society "to 
preach the Gospel in lo va Territory," I left my fatlier's l.Duse in Xew 
York City, October 4 IS t3 and arrived at Maquoketa (then 5prini,Mield P. 
O. ) on the 10th of Novenber. In my journey I visited ^N^iatjara Fa lis; spent 
a Sunday in Bulfalo at the home of the Rev. Asa T. Hopkins, pastor of the 
First Presbyterian church of that city. The next Sunday 1 was at ^^lwau- 
kee in the hospitable heme of the Rev. Stephen Feet, a^ent i f tlie A. H. 
M. S for Wisconsin Tei ritory. who discouraged my going to Iowa, saying 
that Iowa would not aaount to much, as it had only a narrov strip of good 
land on the Mississippi -iver, and the Great American Desert was west of 
it, whereas Wisconsin 1^ ad Lake Michigan on one side and tie Mississippi 
on the other and wouk make a prosperous State. Tl)e n 'Xt Sunday I 
was at Galesburg, Illin >is. having rode over ttie prairies fro n Chicago to 
that place in an open wagon. The following Monday, a sundown. I 
reached the Mississippi and felt the thrill and exhilaration the sight of 
the great river and of owa awakened in my mind. On landing in Bur- 
lington the next morni ig, James G Elwards. editor of t le Burlington 
Hawk- Eye met me and took me to iiis home. The nest Sundav I spent at 
Keosauqua, on the Des ^loines river, and preached in a bla cksmith shop, 
the Kev. L. G. Bell, a i ioJieer preacher of the "Old School,'' preaching the 
same day in tiie same p ace; thence I visited Agency, and wa ; kindly enter- 
tained by the widow of tie Indian Agent of the Sacs and I^'axes, General 
Joseph M. Street, and s ood over liis grave, and that of the Indian chief 
Wapello, which were side by side. Ttie next Sunday, Nov. i received or- 
dination at Denmark, a / the hands of Asa Turner (Yale. Islt), .Julius A. 
Reed (Yale. 1^1'!)), Uei ben Ga\lord (Yale. is;i4), and C has. lUjrnham 
(Dartmoutli, ) 

I came up the .Mississippi with Alden H. Rol)bins. who Jierj began his 
life-long ministry at Bijomington laflerwards Muscatine), and with Kdwin 
B. Turner, who was asjigrunl to Jones county, and to Casca ie, in l)ut)U- 
que county, then the f; rtlie>t rui.Nsionary post in the norf.hwest. Proceed- 
ing from Davenport. Timer and mvsclf spiMit a ni^'ht with Oliver Kmer- 
son in liis cabin near DeWitt We four}d him slKiUing with tie ak'ue. He 
asked a neighbor who w\s goiii/ t ho mv\t (lay with a grist to McCioy's 
mill, to take us along. Tlie jourii(>v was slow, and wo wim • rhillfd arid 
weary with the raw wintts of Hie prairir. lu-.uMimg the im l an hour at- 



r 



43 




> 



44 



ter dark, we left the grist, and went on to the log house of John Shaw, 
wtio made us welcome, and we soon lost our chill and weariness in the 
warm supper Mrs Shaw gave us. In a part of the liouse partitioned oil 
by sheets, we found refreshing sleep. 

The morning showed us that we were upon a gently rolling pra'irie, 
about a mile from the junction of the South and North Forks of the Ma- 
quoketa river, and from the long stretch of timber between them. Across 
the road from Mr. Shaw's was a small log house, banked witti sod, the roof 
partly covered with sod. Built for a blacksmith shop, it was used for a 
chool and public meetings. North of it was the cabin of John E. Goode- 
now, postmaster, eminent for his public spirit and generous nature, a de- 
scendant on his mother's side ( Betsey White) from Peregrine Wtiite, who 
was born on the ?v[avllower in Cape Cod harbor in 1620. Next north was the 
claim of Zalmon Livermore. 



Old sod-covered lovj liouse, built by J. I:, (iomlonow in 1S.;S. for bl.ickstnith shop, later 
used as school house, meetinj; house, polliny: place and toxNn liall. l-rom un ori- 
Kinul drawing; made under the direction ot J. \N'. lillis, .Mat^uokela, lo\*a. 



Leaving Mr. Turner to preach in t he sclioolhouse. 1 went »iorsol)ack to 
Andrew, where a Congregational churcli hati been organi/.ed l)v C>liver 
Emerson, the pioneer missionary of tlie whole region, Dec. 2(i, isu. The 
meeting was field in the up{)er slorv of the Ioj: I'uiirt house. Deacon Sam- 
uel ('otlon and family were tliere, and gave nie a C(Mdial vjreeliiig. \\v svas 
a descendant of .lohn Cotton, the tirst mini.si«'r of Boston, Ma.ss. , ami pos- 
sessed the sterling ijualities of his Puritan aiuotry. ,\Ds. Cotton ^as of 
the liemis faaiily, from ''Bemis lleiglits, " S.i imio^m, n. y., where Bur- 




goyne's army was defeated in 1777. Their house was six miles north of An- 
drew, but the distance did not prevent their regular attendance upon pub- 
lic worship and I often shared the shelter and comfort ot tlieir iiome. In 
my first sermon in the county I sliowed that the early churcties in the land 
of Israel were edified and multiplied by "walking in the fear of the "Lord 
and in the comfort of the Holy Spirit," and I urged the duty of building 
up Christianity in the same way in Iowa. Pure and faithful churches, 
active in Christian service, are the saving salt of any community. A Metlio- 
dist brother, a Justice of the Peace, greeted me, saying that he welcomed 
all preachers, "no matter what their tenements were." 

I preached from tiie desk where sentence of death had been pronounced 
in the tirst judicial trial for murder in the Territory, the previous year. 
The case grew out of a dispute about a land claim. Before the execution 
of the sentence, Joiin C Holbrook came from Dubuque, and preached. The 
prisoner was brought into the court house in chains, and cried out in his 
anguish, 'Oh w^hat would I give to restore to life the man I killed," and 
"many a manly cheek was wet with tears" said Mr. Holbrook in his report 
of the scene. 

At Andrew I mad? the acquaintance of Ansel Briggs, mail contractor 
on the route from Dubuque to Davenport and Iowa City, afterwords tiie 
tirst Governor of the State (1846-50), a native of Vermont; of Phillip B. 
Bradley, a native of Connecticut, clerk of the county court, member of the 
Territorial legislature (1845-46), of the State legislature (1846-49, 187S), also 
prominent as an adviser of Governor Bri i^gs. Natiianiel Butterworth and 
his gracious wife made me welcome at tlieir primitive hostelry. They 
were natives of Massachusetts. 

Returning to Maquoketa, I took Brother Turner sixteen miles west on 
liis ay to Jones county Muoh of the country was taken up bv settlers, 
and their cabins and clearings showed industry and thrift. Reaching a cab- 
in towards dark, we asked if we could stay for the night but ttie Jiouse was 
full. It was some distance to the next house, growing darker, tlie road 
blind, and we felt in a quandary, when an old man. learning wtio we were, 
said that his minister at Crown Point, N. Y., (Stephen L. Derrick) told 
him of a band of missionaries going to Fowa, and that he must look out for 
them "You stop here," lie added, and we were relieved. After supper, and 
a feast ot soul witii thanksgiving and prayer to "Jeliovah Jireii," we found 
sound sleep on the cabin floor. 

Tiie next morning the old gentleman's son, Lorenzo Spaulding, otVered 
to take Brotiier Turner on his way, and I returned to Mnquoketa, and Do- 
gan a visitat ion of Die people from cai)in to cabin. 1 purctiased a hoise 
wittj saddle and bridle and saddle-bags, and, as winter came on, accoutored 
myself witti gloves of deerskin, scarfs, leggins, and bulValo overslioes. \n a 
circuit of six miles I found fifty families, some from New Hampshire, Mas- 
sachusetts, I'er'.nsylvania, Oiiio, Didiana, Illinois, more from Now York 
tlian any other one State, and some from ('anada. They represented every 
variety of religions opinion. A Methodist preacher (Joiin Walker) had nn 
a[)Dointment in the settlement. Charles K. h'rown had preached his tirst 
sermon in Iowa the previous year, in ttie riouse ot Jottn Shaw. He organ- 



-V 



ized a Baptist church, August 31, 1842, but left the field in November fol- 
lowing, finding the cabin he had put up on the prairie in the summer not 
suitable to winter in, and he moved to Davenport. A man of excellent 
spirit, he was welcomed back to Maquoketa in 1847. Subsequently, a pio- 
neer preacher in Howard county, he was a member of the House of Repre- 
sentatives from that county (1878). His son, William C. Brown, lias gained 
eminence for elliciency in railroad management in Iowa, and is now vice- 
president of tlie New York Central. 

In my circuit I found six Presbyterian and Congregational families, and 
called theui together on Thanksgiving Day, Xov. 30, for conference and 
prayer witli reference to forming a church. They were divided on the quess 
tion of government. Accomodation was necessary. The election of two 
elders to serve for two years was finally agreed upon, and William II. Efner, 
M. D., and Thomas S. Flathers, were cliosen. Both were of the "New 
School," w))ich adijered to the Pl?ji of Union of 1801. Mr. Flatliers was 
born in Kentucky, but lived from childhood in Indiana. He iiad not learn- 
ed to read, he told me, until iie was twenty years of age, when a passion for 
knowledge and a zeal for religion inHamed him. and he went to school and 
fitted for Wabash College, with the ministry in view, but chill penury had 
compelled him to leave iiis studies. On the Sabbath. Dec. 10th, the church 
was constituted, the elders were set apart with prayer, and the Lord's sup- 
per administered During the previous week Bretnren Emerson, Bobbins 
and Turner, and Jared Hitchcock, delegate from Davenport, had come to 
Maquoketa and we organied the Northern Iowa Association to embrace 
churches north of Iowa river. I favored the Convention System (semi-Pres- 
byterian), wtiich liad been adopted in ^Visconsin, but tlie other brethren 
preferred a distinctively Congregational organization. Provision, however, 
was made to include the Maquokota church. For the support of the church 
a society was organized ot whicl^ John Shaw was the most active and eili- 
cleut member. They invited me to preach at Maquoketa half my time. 
Mrs. Shaw was a native of Oxford, Ma.ss., of the Fiske family, of Huge- 
not stock, she acted the part of a mother to me, and paid me the fine 
compliment that she knew I had had a good mother. 

Id the Wright settlement, three miles south of Ma(|Uoketa and at lUir- 
leson's, six miles west. I visited the scliools and preaciied, as 1 did in every 
settlement in the county. Thomas Miles Wright was a native of Connecti- 
cut, had lived in Warren county, N. Y., near Lake George; Shadrach Bur- 
leson was a native of Vermont: Anson H. Wilson, of Canada: they all en- 
couraged my work. In tlie Wright family were several sons of like spirit 
witli tiieir fatiior. A daughter was the wile of John 10. Goodenow; she liad 
all the line qualities of the excellent woman in tiie last chapter of the book 
of Proverbs 

In tlie nei^hborliood of Maciuoketa were a number of persons who had 
taken part in tfie Mackenzie rebellion in Caruuia, 1837. .Vuiong them was 
William Current, a man of bright anil active mind, a friend of temperance 
and education, liut not of religion, because of alleged discrepancies, conlra- 
dlctionsj and unseemly things in the Bible. 1 invited him to come to niuet- 
ing; he said, "No," but thut, he would give me some hard texts lor a ser- 



mon. I told him to do so, and I would come to his house and preach, which 
I did. I explained that the objectionable things in the Bible are records 
from the ignorance and coarseness of former times, that tlie Bible does not 
endorse all its records, and that the New Testament expressly does away 
with much that is in the Old, and I quoted a number of the words of 
Christ in the Gospels, in proof that Christianity, according; to tiie teacbluRS 
of its author, is an absolutely pure and holy religion. Returning from that 
appointment with my trusty companion, Mr. Shaw, our iiorses lost the way, 
and we wandered round and round on the prairie until a glimmering light 
id a distant cabin window relieved our bewilderment. 

Among otner settlers from Canada was Samuel Chaf-dler, but he came to 
Jackson county by a very circuitous route. He had been sentenced to be 
hung as an insurgent in the "Patriot" cause, but the sentence (upon the 
intercession of his daughters) was commuted to banishment for life in the 
penal colony of Van Dieman's land, whither he was transported, via Lou- 
don. He had managed to make his escape on a Yankee whaler, and now 
found some of his old friends and one of ins daughters who had secured the 
commutation of his sentence, Sarah, the wife of Jesse Wilson. Mr. Chand- 
ler was a man of firm religious principles, a native of Massachusetts, a help- 
er in every effort to improve the country. 

The name of our post-otlice was that of the postmaster's native town in 
Vermont, but, being that of many towns of the United States, letters were 
frequently missent, and I joined Mr. Goodenow and Mr. Shaw in a petition 
for a change of name to Maquoketa, wnich was made by the Post ollice De- 
partment, March 13, 1844:. The word Maquo is Indian for bear, an animal 
that infested the whole region. 

My cramped quarters in Mr. Sliaw's house gave me scant opportunity 
for consulting my books or composing sermons, but I managed to write one 
sermon during the winter, sitting by the rotary cook stove, and preached it 
to a congregation of thirty who seemed to appreciate my etfort. In my soli- 
tary missionary tours the illimitable stretches of land and skv often inspired 
thoughts of t!ie Almighty Maker of heaven and earth and 1 heard the voices 
from above that speak "in reason's ear." 

In the settlements about Andrew I found two interesting families, re- 
cently from Tennsylvania. Tliey had been brought with their teams and 
belongings from Pittsburg to Bellevue by steamboat lor twenty dollars a 
family. They ♦vere warm-liearted Christians, of Protestant Irish stock. 
David Young was of pronounced ant i-slavery sent iments and had l)een a "New 
School" i'resb>terian, but liked the Congregational way, and became an ac- 
tive member of the cnurch at Andrew. He built a mill on i>rush creek, 
which was swept awaj in the freshets of 1844, a >ear of h\)^h Hoods in tlie 
Mississippi valley. Sixty-one years later. I met his son, .lames, at Maquo- 
keta, arid lie recalled my visits in the old liouse and the family prayers and 
worship together, of which he said his mother spoke with lond recollection 
to tlie end of iwr davs. 

At a cal)in on Karaiers Creek 1 was advised not to speak on religion in 
ttie next cabir>, or I might be put out, as the occupant liad told a Methodist 
ttiinister who calleil there, that lie would throw him into the tiro iftie spoke 



a word on the subject.* It was a rough regfion. ]Srature appeared ill-shapen 
in "Rocky Hollow." Coming to a large Jog house 1 found a friendly Scotch 
family living cheerily, no floor but mother earth. Mr. Sage was away at 
mill, but his wife made me welcome, and called in a few neighbors to whom 
I preached. She told me she had heard Thomas Chalmers and Edward Irv- 
ing in Glasgow. A little distance north was another Scotch family (Alex- 
ander), but there was trouble between the two families over their respec- 
tive claims. They were the only Presbyterian families I found in this vis- 
itation, and it grieved me to find them at odds. 

I was perplexed on being informed that a member of the Andrew charge 
had fallen into shame. It was made my duty to seek the recovery of the 
woman to a correct life, and I was relieved to hear profession of sorrow and 
purposes of amendment. I at once spoke to her husband, who was out at 
work, but he turned upon me with abuse and threats to ttie chuich. 

One family that attended my services were used to "tokens'' on sacra- 
mental occasions, and would not come to communion without them. While 
visiting at their house a young man, seventeen years of age. called, who 
said he was on a pedestrian tour. He had read Captain Cook's Voyages and 
Peter Parley, and told me that he knew a little Latin and Greek, and had 
learned the Hebrew alphabet from the linth Psalm. He had walked from 
his home thirty miles west of Philadelphia and was still westward bound. 

I spent the last week of 1843 at Bellevue, making acquaintances, and 
preaching in the schoolhouse, and in the house of Alexander Reed, tliree 
miles south, where one said it was a "divilish" sermon. Bellevue is beau- 
tifullv situated. When Wisconsin Territory extended to the Missouri river, 
1836, it was proposed as a central site for the capital, in rivalry with Dubu- 
que. The tovN n was discredited by a sanguinary mob (April 1. lS4n). or 
"war," as it was called, several persons beirg killed on both sides, ar)d the 
county seat was moved to the geographical center, the people voting for 
Andrew, 111 for Bellevue. The Dyas family, who said tiiey were the Urst 
family to make a home in the county, gave me a hearty welcome. They 
had lived in Galena and were warm friends of the Rev. Arastus Kent, pio- 
neer missionary there. Many of the first settlers about Bellevue had 
worked in the lead mines, and had been in Col. Henry Dodge's battalion 
in the Black Hawk war. Wm. A. Warren, shentf of .lackson county, was a 
native of Kentucky, came to Bellevue in 1830, iiad served in tlie Black 
Hawk war, took an active part in ttie Bellevue "war," was a member of tlie 
Constitutional Convention in 1S57, and I resumed inv acquaintance witli 
him in July, 18(i4, at Stevenson, Alabama, where he was U. S. quartermas- 
ter, and I vvas in the service of the Christian Commission, and he gave me 
his kind ollices. As SherilT of Jackson coujii y, lie hail collected taxes in 
coon-skins at tifty cents, and sold them in Galena at seventy- live cents. 

At liellevue, Thomas Cox and John Foley were at home for the Christ- 
mas vacation from the Territorial legislature of which they were momliers. 
On their return to Iowa City, (-olonel Cox was elected President of the 
Cjuncil. Ho liad beeti an intluetitial member of every previous legislature 
of ttio Territory l)ut one. He promoted the removal of the capital from 
lUirlingtoti to Iowa City, and gave the name to the new capital. He vvas 



also one of the surveyors who selected the site on the Iowa river, and Jaid 
out the town. He invited me bo visit his family which I did later. Mrs. 
Cox was a native of Rhode Island of Quaker stock. She came in her 
youth with her parents to St. Genevieve, Mo., and was a lady of gracious 
manners. Upon the death of her husband, Nov. 9, 1844, she sent for ,me, 
and I officiated at the funeral in the presence of a large concourse of peo- 
ple. The grave was under a hickory tree near the house. In a few years 
the land passed into other hands and was a plowed field. Sixty years later 
the Jackson County Historical Society had the grave unearthed, and the 
bones were interred in Hope Cemetery, Maquoketa, where they set up a 
large and smooth faced boulder, and had his name inscribed thereon as 
''Pioneer Lawmaker. " By invitation of the Society, I took part in the 
ceremony and made a prayer at the unveiling of the monument, July 4, 1005. 
A full account of the life of Colonel Cox, with his portrait, is given in this 
volume. 

On the first day of May, 1845, I officiated at the marriage of Cordelia, 
daughter of Thomas Cox, to Joseph S. Mallard. It vvas the tirst marriage 
ceremony I performed. They went overland to California in 1849, and were 
among the early settlers of Los Angeles. 

John Foley was a polite Irish gentleman, had been sheriff of Jo Daviess 
county, 111., a member of the First Legislative Assembly of Wisconsin Ter- 
ritory, two sessions of which were held in Burlington, 1837- '8. 

I also visited George Cubbage and preached in his cabin. lie was a na- 
tive of Delaware, and an intense Protestant He had been clerk to Felix 
St. Vraln. D. S. agent for the Sacs and Foxes, whom they foully murdered 
at the opening of the Black Hawk war. Mr. Cubbage had himself been a 
captive in their hands. He taught the first school in Dubuque, was door- 
keeper of the Legislative Assembly of Wisconsin Territory at Belmont, 1836, 
and one of the commissioners, under an act of Congress, to lay out Dubuque, 
Burlington, and other towns, 183T-,38. 

A few weeks later I visited every family in Charleston, now Sabula. 
They were a friendly people, mostly from New England and New York: 
James Leonard from Griswold, Ct. , Benjamin Hudson from Lynn, Mass., 
Mr. Marshall from Gollstown, N. H. A gray-headed man, learning I was 
from New York, asked me if I knew Dr. Joseph McElrov, pastor of the 
Grand Street Presbyterian church in that city. I told him that he was an 
ftloqueut preaclier, and 1 had heard tiim preach. "He is my brother." 
lie said. And I saw a resemblance in their features. His name was Hugh 
i*lcfcilroy. He came to Iowa in in 1838, and made a claim west of Sabula; 
lie iiad a large family and his oldest child was named Josepli. 

I precached in the Exchange Hotel at Sabula, and had a larger congre- 
gation than in any place before in the county. A churcli was organi/.ed 
there by Oilver Emerson, Dec. 14, 1845. 

Nortli of Bellovue, I preached m Mr. I'otter's house on Tote drs Morts 
creek. 1 found some (Jerman families in the sett lenient, with Luther's 
translation of the liibie in their cabins. Some wore hoirinning to loarn 
^^nglish. I regretted that I could not preach to them in iluMr own tongue. 



" 01 i 



Tne new year, 1844, opened with a heavy snow, and I was unable to 
till my appointment for the evening at Andrew, my first failure of the kind. 
During the following spring there were many freshets, and I could not al- 
ways make my circuit. In March I vi ited the people in the Forks. They 
had made clearings in the timber, thinking crops would be surer than od 
the prairie. One who came to my meeting told me that he had not iieard 
a sermon for ten vears. A young man of the house wfiere I preached ollere^ 
to conduct me to a wonderful cave and a natural bridge four miles away. 
The bridge is tliirty feet long, about twelve feet wide, of limestone, solid, 
massive, covered with deep soil. Cave creek passes under it. We clambered 
up the sides of the bridge and walked over it. 1 then turned witii admiring 
gaze to the arch that from a height of more than a hundred feet slopes 
smoothly in a grand curve to the mouth of the cave. Descending to the 
creek, we heard the waters madly rusliing ti}rough, and saw ice pillars of 
transparent beauty. A mass of rock had fallen from overhead, warning 
us of danger, and having an appointment at a distance of twelve miles, 
I hurried from the entrancing scene. Later in the season I visited the 
spot again, in company witii Mr. and Mrs. Ilolbrook, and my classmate, 
Ebenezer Alden, of Tipton. The creek was then dry, and we went sever- 
al hundred feet into the cave, finding stalactites and stalagmites in pro- 
fusion, and seeing subterranean marvels. 

On visiting Galena and Hubuque [ preached for Mr. Kent and Mr. 
Holbrook in tiieir churches. Mr. Kent said to me that Mr. Teet tjad told 
him of his desire and intention to get me into Wisconsin. 

In April, 1 made a long missionary tour in the adjoining counties of 
Jones, Cedar and Clinton Near the Wapsipinicon I found a good settle- 
ment of Dnited Hiethren. At Red Oak grove I was entertained bv Robert 
Cousins, an intelligent and warm-hearted Christian, deeply interested in 
Sunday schools and devoted to the use of tiic Psalms in public worship. At 
Tipton I enjoyed the hospitality of Paterson Fleming, clerk of the court, 
and of Addison Gillett. merchant, who liad come the previous year from 
Hudson, N. Y. 1 was disappointed, not finding my classmate Alden: he 
had gone to Denmark, to arrange for sending Asa Turner cast, to raise 
funds for the purchase of lands on whicti to establish a college. After a 
dreary ride over tiie prairie to DeWitt, thirty-live miles, I found Oliver 
Emerson shakintr with ague; at his request 1 went to Camanche to fullil iiis 
appointment for a funerai .sermon, the second time I performed such a ser- 
vice. From Canianclie I crossed the Mississippi and preaciied at All)any, 
Hi. Later in tiie month Julius .\. Reed visited mo He had been on an 
exploring tour in Delaware and Ruciianan counties for a site for the propos- 
ed college. 

Receiving an invitation from .lolin Lewis, my classmate in the I 'ni vers- 
ify of ttie ('ity of New York, and in ('nion 'I'heological vSeminary, to attend 
his ordinal ion at. Fairplay, Wisconsin Territory, I crossed the Missi.ssippI 
at Relievue the lasr day of April, and was two lunirs in getting over, the 
river being iiigher, it was said, than since l**"J^. and the Islands and low- 
lands on Mie Illinois shore under water. In his fxainin it ii)n i>v tho Mineral 
Point Convent ion. Mr. Lewis st ate(i that, when a clerk in a lum store in 




Boston he attended Lyman Beecher's church and that on several successsive 
mornicp^s when sweeping out the store, Dr. Beecher came there and gave 
him wise and heplful counsel. Mr. Kent preached the sermon, and I gave 
the right hand of fellowsliip. In obtaining his education Mr. Lewis had 
been aided by Christopher R. Eobert, the founder afterwards of Robert 
College, Constantinople. 

My Andover classmate James J. Hill, arrived at DubuqLie, June 7th, 
and I went to see him; hitcliing my horse to a small wagon, I took him 
through rushing creeks and over Turkey river to the field assigned him in 
Clayton Co. He received a warm' welcome at Jacksonville, thie county seat, 
from James Watson, whose brother, Cyrus L. Watson, had preached in Duf 
buque in 1836, the first Home Missionary in Iowa; they were natives o- 
North Carolina. 

Urgent invitations coming to me to visit Mineral Point and Potosi, I did 
so, and the church at Potosi gave me a call, and it was said, "You must 
come." 1 referred the matter to the Home Missionary Society, and the 
following letter decided the matter: 

Rooms of the A. H. M. S., 150 Nassau St., N. Y., August 3, 1844. 
Rev. W. Salter, 

Dear Brother: I lose no time in saying that the reasons which seem 
to have influence with your own mind in favor of your remainirig in Iowa 
seem sound and weighty. The "Iowa Band" have awkaened a good deal of 
interest in the East, and have a character that is drawing around them more 
and more the affections and contidence of the good, and it is very desirable 
that this character should be sustained. There would be some misgiving in 
regard to tl)e results contemplated, if one of your number should return to 
this side of the Mississippi ; the chain would be broken, the charm in a 
measure dispelled, and ttie brethren there would be in danger of being dis- 
heartened; it would be easier for one and another to yield to discourage- 
ment. You might be more useful in Wisconsin at once, but 1 think it 
would be in appearance only. You have made a good beginning, getting 
acquainted, and ac(iuiring influence, and it would bedi^icult to supply \our 
place. Wisconsin can be easier provided with ministers than lown. You 
have given yourself to that Territory, and I think you had better say to 
all this side the river that you cannot come down or over. 

Your Iowa brethren would all, 1 know, give you this counsel, and. T 
think the disin*"erested everywhere would do the same. I hope you will 
by all means stay in Iowa and lay the foundations. Your comuiunicat ions 
have all been of deep interest to us. and you will ever have our tenderest 
sympathy and our fervent prayers. Yours truly, 

MILTOX l^AOC.KK, Sec. 

Brotlier Holbrook wrote me: "I hope you will not sne it to be duty to 
leave Iowa. Still I want to see poor Potosi supplied, and you to decide as 
the Lord would have you whether to go there or not. May lie guide you. 
and m.ike you useful wherever you may labor." Shortly aflersvards I i)reacli- 
ed three Sundays at Dubuciuo for Hrother Holbrook, \\c going ra.st to solicit 
funds for removing an encninbranco on liis church. Mranwhile I vislttd 
Clayton county lo attend the organi/atioii of I he church uliich Brolhor Hill 



52 



had gathered. I met there the Rev. A. N. Wells, U. S. chaplain at Fort 
Crawford, a very genial and friendly gentieman, and of much historical int- 
erest. I went with liira to Prairie du Chien, He was a graduate of Union 
college, N. Y. ; studied divinity with Dr. Eliphalet Nott. was a man of his 
spirit, was the first Protestant missionary at Detroit and pastor there 
twelve years. 

In October I rode horseback, via Tipton and Muscatine, where Brother 
Robbins joined me, to Brighton, Washmtrton county, and attended an As- 
sociation meeting. The church there was composed of excellent families 
from the Western Reserve, Ohio. On returning, I attended a meeting of 
the Iowa A nti- Slavery Society at the county seat of Washington county. 
Aaron Street, Jr., and other Quakers from Salem, and Mr. Vincent, a Se- 
ceder minister, was active and zealous members. At Iowa City I visited the 
capitol, and listeiied to some of the proceedings of the Constitutional Con- 
vention then in session ; I made the acquaintance of Robert Lucas, the 
first governor of Iowa Territory, of Shepherd Letiler, president of the Con- 
vention, and otiier members. 

Through the winter of 18-14-45 I kept up my work at Maquoketaand An- 
drew, and in the various settlements of Jackson county, holding some reviv- 
al meetings, aided by my brethren, E B. Turner, Emerson, and Ilolbrook, 
and sometimes aiding them in their fields. Brother Ilolbrook wrote me 
from Dubuque: 

"An Episcopalian minister has arrived here, and will for the winter 
preach in our old meeting house half of the time. Consequently, I shall 
have some leisure Sabbaths, and could help you in a protracted meeting at 
Andrew, Bellevue or Charleston. He had previously aided me at Maquoke- 
ta. It would be necessary to provide a conveyance for me to and from 
the places, as I have no horse, and could not afford to hire for so long a 
time. Let me hear from you as I am anxious to improve the winter. 
The meeting at Charleston should be when the river is closed, to admit 
of the Savannah people crossing. We have exchanged our form of govern- 
ment for Congregational, and expect to build a new meeting house the 
next year." 

At Maquoketa we organized a Temperance Society with one hundred 
members, and kept the liquor tratlic out of the settlement. We were not 
so successful at Andrew, tliougii a society was organized tliere with tifty 
members. A subject of the reformation wrote me a pathetic letter: 

Andrew, Feb. '22, 1845. 

Friend Salter: 

I have been a wretch for the last year, have sinned against (^od and 
man. I have made one more resolve, one which \ sh;ill never break. 1 am 
determined by the help of Cod never to taste liquor, tiiat. whicii has been 
almost my ruin. 1 feel that t have been a guilty svretcli, but will sin no 
more; 1 put my trust in God, and ask him to .sustain me hi my detoriui- 
natiou. 

I write these few lines to you to ask an interest In your prayers. 1 
want you to call and see me wlien you are in town, if you have not ^i\en me 



—53 



up as lost altogether, as I have made promises and broken them so often: 
but this resolve, Mr. Salter, is tirm, is not to be broken. I am determin- 
ed once more to be a man, and not a brute I love you and all the peo- 
ple of God, and wish you to call and see your unworthy friend, 

G. VV. S 

Impressed with the nesessity of better advantages in the cause of edu- 
cation, I secured the co-operation of Mr. Goodenow, Mr. Shaw and Mr. 
Current in measures for the establishment of an Academy at Maquoketa. 
Mr. Goodenow offered tive asres of his land on a commanding site; others 
made subscriptions of material and labor, and, contemplating a visit East, 
I proposed to solicit aid from friends there. After attending a Presbyter- 
ian and Congregational Convention at Detroit in .June, 184j, I went to New 
York and Boston, and collected tliree hundred dollars. My brother, Benja- 
min Salter, was the largest contributor; among others were John Mace, A. 
L. M. Scott, who had been my Sunday school teacher, W. M. Ilalstead, 
R. T. Haines, Calvin VV. Howe, Fistier Howe, Bowen & McNamee, Wiley & 
Putnam, Wm. Scribner, George Lockwood, S. B. Hunt, \V. A. Booth, C. R. 
Robert, J A. Robertson, I. Van Cleef, etc., of New York, and E. P. 
Mackintire, of Boston. The Academy was incorporated by an act of the 
Legislative Assembly of the Territory, Jan. 15, 1846. The money I collect- 
ed was expended in the purchase of brick, and in payments to the contract- 
or, D. Jones of Dubuque. The building was completed in 1848, and was ded- 
icated with an address by George F. ^lagoun, the pastor of the Second 
Presbyterian churcli in Galena. Mr. Shaw had previously written me, 
April 8, 1848: 

"Our Academy is completed. I wish you could see it It is a splendid 
building, I think much better than you expected. I think it will not be 
long before we shall add wtiat we contemplated. My subscription is paid 
and over. When I signed I did not know any way to pay. Tne Trustees 
have settled with Mr. Jories, so tt)e building is out of his liands. The dedi- 
cation of the Academy will be on the 4th of July next. I nope you will 
be liere certain. Mr. Gale, founder of Galesburg, III., and Mr. Blanchard, 
president of Knox college, will probably be here. 

"We shall not have the county seat here. It will be for our benefit, 
in ray mind the evils attending a county seat are more than the beuetits 
of a Court Ifouse." 

Jerome Allen was principal of the Academy for two years. He was a 
graduate of Amljerst College, and married a daugliter of John Wesley 
Windsor, pastor at Maquoketa 1849-54; he became eminent for his zeal and 
ability in tiie work of education and as a teacher of teachers, both in 
luwa and in the state of Now York (Iowa Nomal Monthly, xii, 
'I'lie property of the Academy, including Mr. Goodenow's donation of 
liind, was eventuallv turned over to the public scliools of Ma(|U()kota. 

In the fall of 1845 the people of Jackson county woro advised of an 
ap[)roachhing sale of tlie public lands on which they had made thoir 
cliums. The United States had delayed the sale of these lands for scver- 
;d years as in tlie mineral district, whore lands were subject to ronfs. and 
not for salt' in fee simple. That policy was changed. There was much 



excitement and anxiety to secure the necessary funds, and to protect one 
another in ttieir claims, and there were some disputes about claims that 
embittered the future ; but harmony aJid order generally prevailed, and, 
becoming secure in their titles, the people built better homes and made 
more permanent improvements. 

I now felt somewhat encouraged in my work, and, looklnj^f forward lo 
makincr a home, I b'iilt a little frame house on a gentle rise of land south 
of Mr. Shaw's house, and moved into it. I was there enjoying such op- 
portunity as I had not had previously for retirement and study. wiHi my 
books conveniently arranged and was especially enjoying a ntw bock I had 
purchased in New York, "The Life and Correspondence of Thomas Ar- 
nold," when word came of the serious and probably fatal iilness of the 
pastor at Bui'linuton, and that he had resigned his otlice, and J was request- 
ed to come there. I made the journey in February, and was df^la>ed in 
crossing Iowa river by running ice. I found my brother, Horace lluiciiiri- 
son, near the end of his days. We had come to tlie Territory together. He 
was then in vigorous health, ardent in his work, his life full or' promise. 
Now his countenance was changed, and it fell to me to clo^e his eyes^ in 
death. Brother Bobbins came from Muscatine, and preaclied at the funeral 
service, which was held in "Old Zion" church. 

After spending three weeks with th^ church in Burlington ih.ey Invited 
me to become their minister. Returning to Jackson county. 1 reviewed 
the situation, and, not without reluctance to leave my fritmds there. I ac- 
cepted the invitation from Burlington, which the Missionary Society ap- 
proved. I had preached ;5'26 sermons in Jackson county, loo of them in the 
sod covered school house in Maquoketa, 40 at Andrew, and 180 in ottier 
parts of the county. I now preached|,farewell sermons at Andrew and Ma- 
quoketa, and early in April removed to Burlington, "not knowing the 
things that should befall me there." 



GOV. ANSEL BRIGGS. 
First Executive of the State of Iowa. 



(Written for the Jackson County Historical Society by Hon. W. O. Gregory.) 

The early istory of Jackson County has been enriched by the fact that 
it was tne tjome of Ansel Bri^^^L^s, tlie first governor of tlie State of Iowa. 

It is a commendable trait of human character wiiich prompts and engen- 
ders a reverence for the sturdy, heroic characters, who Jaid the foundations 
of our e^reat common vealtli, or wlio built thereon or in any manner assisted 
in its marvelous and most wonderful development, and I therefore clieerful- 
Iv respond Lo an invitation to speak of trie public and private life and char- 
acter of Gov. RriK.^^s. 

Ue was a native of the vState of Vermont, and was born on the 3rd day 
of February, I^SOG His boyhood was passed in liis native state, where lie 
attended the common schools and received a fair education, and later took 
a term in Norwicli Academy. He moved in the year 1830 to Cambrid^^e iu 
the State of Oliio, where iie engaged in tlie business of establishing and 
maintaining stage lines. II(;re he also embarked on his political career by 
becoming the U'fiig candidate for the oliice of County Audi I or, but he suf- 
fered defeat. A sho-t t ime ttiereafter he changed liis political views and 
identitied himself with the Heroocratic paity. 

The alluring reports of buautilul groves and fertile prairies of the Terri- 
tory of Iowa prompt'jd [\\ n to cross the "Blather of Wateis'' in tlieyear IS.'JC) 
and locate at tiie town of Andrew. Here he engaged in his former husiiiess 
of establishing stage lines and contrcU-ting for carrying the mails, lie made 
several contracts witti the government for carrying the mails from Dubihjue 
lO Uavenpjri. and to lowii City, thus opening up and carrying on a wrs im- 
portant enterprise in the new country. lie lal)c)red to make this l)iJsin»'*NS a 
success and to lliat end was fr^ujuently seen driving his own stages. He in- 
vested in lots in the town of Andrew and secure(i farming Jaiiii in that vi- 
<-'inity, and thoroug'-ily idcritili.d himself wiiri the C(Mnmunity atut hiHMme 
Hit active participant and an earnest worker in nil public eiilrrprises for the 
good of the communit y. Such was tiis prominenci^ and recogf>i/ed ability 
as a leader, not (»nly in t hat, communit y, hut in ttie political alVairs of the 
county, that he waselcclcd in the year 1SI"J to repreMiil .lai'k.son Count> in 



the Territorial legislature. We have no record of any special legislation that 
he was the author of at this session of the legislature, which brought 
him into prominence, but tiie fact is that his honesty of purpose to serve 
the entire people of the territory was so manifest that he became prominent 
in the counsels of his party. Subsequent to this service in the legislature, 
he was elected Sherill" of Jackson County. He was also engaged in the mer- 
cantile business in the town of Andrew, as a partner of S. S. Fenn, soon 
after he located there, their store being one ot the first established in the 
place. 

He was also the owner of a printing press, and established a newspaper 
in the town of Andrew in an early day, the date 1 am unable to state, 
which was under the editorial management of Josepii B. Dorr, subsequently 
(Jolonel of tlie SKh Regimt^nt Iowa Cavalry. 

The Democratic party held a convention at Iowa City on the 24tn day of 
September, 1846. to place in nomination a candidate for Governor and other 
officers for the new State of Iowa. The extensive acquaintance of Mr. 
Briggs coupled with the broad statesman-like work he performed as a mem- 
ber of the 5tii territorial legislature made him a very prominent candidate 
for this mucii coveted position. Tiiere were three candidates for the nomi- 
nation, Jesse Williams, William Thompson and Ansel Briggs. Mr. Briggs 
received 62 votes to 31 and .32 of the other candidates respectively, on the 
first ballot, whereupon tiie other candidates withdrew and Briggs was nomi- 
nated on the second ballot by acclamation. He was elected over the Whig 
candidate by a majority of 247. 

One of the principal issues between the Wliig and Democratic party at 
this time was the banking system, ail banking institutions being opposed by 
the Democratic party. 

A short time before the convention was held to nominate State otlicers. 
Gov. Briggs at a banquet in response to a toast in delining his position on 
this question, uttered the following epigram: "No banks but earth, and 
they well tilled." Tliis seemed to sound the key note to the position of his 
party and made him th'.^ popular man of the day and did much towards se. 
curing his nomination for Governor. 

He was inaugurated as Governor on the .3rd day of December, 1S4(). He 
delivered an inaugural address, but in view of the fact that he was at the 
threshold of a new state reciuiriug principally original, constructive legis- 
lation, his natural modesty prompted liim to make no recommendations. 

Tlie legislature had convened on the 3i)th day of November, so with 
the inauguration of the Governor the work of legislation was entered 
upon. We can only speak of those acts whicli became ttic law of the state 
ttiat were of ati original and constructive nature atKi we note tiiat at tlie 
lirst session of the legislature an act was passed constituting a complete 
system of state government, also for the organization of the public school^ 
of ttie Stare. Tliat law or the nucleus of the law. wliich has given us of)o 
of the best common scliool systems in the CJnited States .Msg an act 
providing for a State University at Iowa City. Also an act for the ej»tat)- 
hshment and organization of three Normal schools, one of wldcli was lo- 
cated at Andrew in Jacivson County, but never completcii. 



1 1 




V 



58 



At the next session of tne Jegrislature and during the administration 
of Gov. Briggs, the first act was passed known as the Homestead law, 
providing for the exemption of the hioaie of tlie head of the family from 
judicial sale. At that time nearly all of the people were very poor and 
struggling to secure homes. The rate of interest was very high— 40 per 
cent. — and tliose who were uriable to pay their indebtedne^^s promptly liad 
found themselves and their fiirailies liomeless and in destiiuUon and want. 
Tliis law has been amended and improved from time to time; but the im- 
portant and vital features remain the settled policy of tlie Si ate. 

Thus it will be seen that the hand of our citizen ueighbar and friend, 
Ansel Briggs, guided the pen and allixed his signature to some of the most 




HON. W. C. GKEGORY. 



important acts of original, consMuct ive kgislation. that have become the 
laws of this great State for ttie protection of the home atid for uhicntional 
purposes. If the writing of tfie poem "Home. Sweet Home." bv.lohn How- 
ard J^ayne has immortali/ed liis name, surely the iiatnes of i^ov. I>rtggs and 
tlie members of the legislaturn, who passed those acts should be held in 
grateful remembrance l)V the piM)ple of this Slate. 

At the time of the elecMon of (u)v. Hiiegs the i^opiilat idu of ttie State 
was but one hundred thousuid and there were but -JT organi/.td counties it) 
tlie State; the n)()nev per cupila was To-dav our popiil ition is over 

two millions with D!) counties fullv organized and tin* per caplia Is $;U 

Gov. Cuuimins in liis last inaukiural aitdress in rrft-rriiig to prrsent con- 
ditions and extending his felicitations to the h^i.^l.ilino. txpie>sid hunscll 



in the following beautiful language: ''But first I must congratulate you 
upon the character of the people you represent. A kind Provirlence has be- 
stowed upon them unequalled opportunities for the truest happiness and 
raost enduring prosperity that mortals can enjoy. Our sources of wealth, 
while prolific and inexhaustible will not create fortunes so vast as to excite 
discontent, or become a menace to the public good. Our civilization is of 
the highest type knoA^n to tlie world, for it blends, in perfect proportion, 
the best qualities of the mind and the noblest virtues of the heart If our 
people cannot reach the summit of true greatness, it may well be concluded 
that the top of the mountain is to be forever inaccessible. There is not an- 
other community of two millions of human beings upon the face of the 
earth so well fitted to accomplish the mignty purposes of the Ruler of all 
things as is the community which we call the State of Iowa. It is a distin- 
guished honor to represent these people. As the chief executive, I acknowl- 
edge Uie honor, and I extend to you tfie heartiest felicitations upon the ad- 
mirable constituency in whose service you are engaged." 

The controversy as to ttie boundary line between Iowa and Missouri was 
settled during the administration of Gov. ISriggs, but at times tiiis matter 
required tirra, positive and quick intelligent action, for all of wliich Gov. 
Briggs seemed qaalitied and the controversy was finally settled in the courts 
to the satisfaction of the citizsns of this State. 

Gov Briggs practically retired from leadership and active work in poli- 
tics ab the close of his term of office. Ue continued to make Jackson Coun- 
ty hi^ home for sDme time, then went to Nebraska and became one of the 
founders of ^He to vn of Florence, a short distance north of Omaha, which 
for a time was quite a vigorous rival of Omatia. 

He went to (Joloiado during the mining excitement of ISOO and three 
years later made a trip to Montana, where he remained until the year 1SG5. 
He then returned to the scenes of tiis early manhood and made Jackson 
County his home until the .year 1870, when he took up his residence with 
His son John at Omatia. 

Gov Briggs was married three times, his first wife living but a very 
sliort time, flis second wife bore him eight children, all of whom died in 
infancy, except two. ;ind one of the latter died at the age of 21 in the year 
I'^'iT leaving his S)n John the only survivor. His second wife died in the 
vear 1817 while he was the Governor of the State, lie was subseciuently 
married to Mrs. Francis Carpenter, a widow lady of the town of Andrew, 
^^lio depinted tliis life sometime prior to the year 18G5, the exact date I 

unable to ascertain. 

I'rior to his removal to Omaha he resided with Nathaniel Buttorworth 
"«'ir Andrew, mingled freely with the people with whom he was always in 
'ouch, and by whom he was admired and loved for ti»e able public services 
he renderel in pioneer days, lie died at tlie home of liis son Jofin after 
brief illness t)o tlie r)lh day of May, issi Governor (n'ar issued a pro- 
^'l iinatiun reciting his services as the first Governor of tlie State, and the 
•'»ti(»rial Hag was lloated at. half ma.st from tlie State House on the dav of 
|"s luiK'ial, but sad to relate, his remains wore hurie(i in the State of " Ne- 
'".i^Ua and still re|)ose in the soil of our neiglil)or State, his grave niarktd 
*'nly by an oidinary .vlab. 



60 



It would seem most befitting for this Society to take the preliminary 
steps towards having his remains removed to, and interred in Jackson Coun- 
ty, the home of his early manhood, where he spent so many, years of his 
public active life, and where he loved to dwell when the shadows of tiie ap- 
proaching sunset of his life commenced crossing his pathway. The State he 
served so honorably and so well should make an appropriation for the re- 
moval of his remains and for the erection of a suitable monument at his 
,grave commemorative of his services. 

He was a man of noble and perfect mould physically, dignified and com- 
manding, without austerity; sociable, but not garrulous ; friendly, but not 
sycophantic; modest, but not bashful; loyal to his party, but not dogmatic: 
true to his family, loyal to his friends, kind to his neighbors and an honest 
man. 



4f 



;i — 



OF INTEREST TO ALL IOWA 



A Letter Prom Mrs Briggs Concerning a Monument to 
Our First Governor. 

Omaha, Nebr., Feb. 12th, 1907. 
J. VV. Ellis, Sec. Jackson Co. Historical Ass'n, Maquokeba, Iowa. 

Dear Sir: Your letter of the Hbh inst. to my daup^hber, Mrs. Alex. D. 
Robertson of Washra, Iowa, was forsvarded to me for perusal. I was greatly 
pleased to learn of this conberaplabed move on the part of Jackson County 
Historical Society, to honor Governor Hrio^gs. This matter has been discuss- | 
ed and written about for many years, and the old friends of the Goveriior, | 
I am sure, will be heartily Klad to see this measure go throu^^h. Tlie press j 
has repeatedly stated openly that it belonj^t^.d to Iowa bo do sometliin^,' to | 
honor her first Governor. The measure has been atlirmati vely passed on by 1 
Pioneer Associations. County and State Car Associations, The Pioneer Law- j 
makers Ass'n of Iowa, and a number of tlie prominent men in the Annals of 
Iowa, have wrirben indorsements and letters sayinti the great state of Iowa 
should make a generous appropriation, specifying in sums from $5,000 to 
$25,000. 

The last visit my iiusband, the late .John S. Briggs, made from home 
just prior to his death was by urgent request to meet with the Pobtawabta- 
mie County Bar Associati jr). At that time a resolution was passed by this 
body, bo the elfect, that if the descendants of Governor Briggs would con- 
sent to the removal of the remains witiiin the state, tliat it was the sense 
of that body that the people, through the Governor and Gerjeral Assembly, 
should provide for the same and a suitable memorial to his memory. My 
husband gave his conscnL to (he removal In their estimation the statue or 
monument, or whatever should b^ decided on, should be placed in Caplbol 
grounds at Des Moines. I have two sons and one daughter, lineal descend- 
ants of Ansel Briggs, who will be very glad, I am sure, to sanction tiiis 
move on the part of .Jackson county. 

I saw Senator C. G. Sauuders in Council Bluffs the lObh Inst., and men- 
tioned this matter to him, and he said for me to write to your people imme- 
diately and to say to you to draft your bill and get it before the legislature 
as quick as possil)le, and he would do all that he possibly could to further i 
it. benator Saunders is on t^le appropriation committee. | 

In an interview witli Governor (.'ummins the dav after his election he 
bold me he would do all in his power for this, and thought it the rii:iit 
tiling for the slate of Iowa to do to honor iier lirst Governor in some suita- 
ble manner. In lact, lie thought it had been left too long undone. 

• We have a great many t hings in coiuu'Ct ion with the lite and acts of 
(ioverrior iUigirs. and ii tluMe is any service t iiat t tu'se mav do you. I pray 
you l)i(l tne. Will say for Mrs. Bol)ertson thai an answer to your letter will 
be forthcoming at aii early dabe. i am. j 

Verv truly vours, ' 
MRS .1(^1! N S. BKKiGS. T 
i:st!> r.iisiol St.. Omali.i. 1 



Review of Our Historical Society. 



By Hon Geo. L. Mitchell, President Jackson County Histori-al Soc ety. 

The Jackson County Ilistoncal Society was organized April 2')th, 1003, 
but not much was accomplished by it until it was reoriranized ancJ incorpor- 
ated under the laws of Iowa, June 20tn, i90-j. Its object, of course, is to 
gather together and place upon record all that it can in rei^ard to the his- 
tory of the County and the community in which we live, a portion of Iowa 
rich in historic interest, but incident, fact and story were rapidly passing' 
into the unknown as of then tliere was little of record, and as each pioneer 
crossed the great river there also passed away and out of iuiman i-nowledge, 
some fact or story that would have been to us of keenest interesr, and per- 
haps,' of priceless value. Arid it is that, as much of this matter as possible, 
may be recorded in our Annals and preserved, tliat this scciety has been 
formed. 

It appeals, especially it seems to me, to the descendants of those hardy 
pioneers who, in the early days, crossed the great ''Father of Waters " 
settled in these villages, and upon these beautiful prairits of eastern Iowa, 
builded their cabin homes and tirst turned the furrows of this virgin soil, 
that it is now contributing so bountifully, so magniiicently to the wealth of 
the world. 

I remember as a boy sitting almost entranced bv tlie stories told by Ly- 
man Bates, as seated in ttie store by the stove liis mind went back to the 
days of 1838 and '39, when he and John E. Goodenow settled here, where is 
now our beautiful city of Maquoketa. Incident after incident he mention- 
ed, and story after story he told, but incident and story are now gone for- 
ever, and it is that such matter as this may be preserved that this society 
has been organized. 

We congratulate ourselves that our elforts have not been in vain, for a 
stimulus has been given to research and investigation, and much tiiat is 
valuable has been written and personal error has been corrected, and the 
truth has been recorded. And in addition to tlie historical matter svhicii 
has been collected by the Society, it has ac(iuired the rnii-leus of a library 
of about hjO volumes of rare liistorical value. 

During the last year we have issued three numhers of a publication en- 
titled "Annals of Jackson C'ounty,'' pamphlets full of facts in regard lo l)y- 
gone days and as interesting as a romance of Scott, or the popular liisrorical 
novel of the day. On the tourth day of .luly, li)(ir>, uruh r the auspices of the 
Society was unveiud a DHMiument. (o the memory of a .lackson C ounty pio- 
neer lawmaker, the Hon. 'I'hos. Co.x, witti tit ting and aiM'ropiial r exervises 
which attracted more than slate- wide Interest. 



That our efforts may be successful, however, in an imminent degree we 
need the support and the cooperation of each and every citizen who is inter- 
ested in preserving the history of our community, but to-night I feel that 1 
can say that much has been accomplished and that our efforts have met vvitli 
ample reward, that future generations, at least, will appreciate our humble 
efforts in preserving what we may of tlie fact and story of tiiis land in 
wl)ich we live. 

To it there may not attach the interest, or the importance that clusters 
around the shores of ^'ew England, for that was ushered In tiie dawn of a 
new civilization, but around these scenes there gathers the memory of fath- 
er and mother and that halo that clusters around the sacred name of home, 
your home and my home. 

1 ijonor tlie pioneer, his life, his trials, his joys have for me a peculiar 
charm, and my thoughts are best expressed in lines which I have used be- 
fore, but which I trust 1 may use again. 

God bless those noble heroes, 
The West's brave pioneers; 
All honor to their courage, 
To their memory our tears. 

They bore the toil and hardship, 
They gave their noblest powers; 
To build in matchless beauty 
This glorious state or ours. 

God help us keep the treasures 
Committed to our trust* 
And mav angels keep their vigils 
Above their sacred dust. 

High on the roll of glory 
Will their sacred names be seen: 
' And love in song and story, 

Will keep their memory green. 




(Oomplled for the Jackson County Historical Society by J. W Kllis. Curator ) 



According to tlie best recolletction of A. J. Phillips, Georire Earl, A. \\. 
Wilson and others still livin^^: here, the first term of sctiool taiiRht in the vil- 
lage of Springlield, as it) was then called, was in a sod covered, log sctiool- 
house, that had been built by J. E. Goodenow and Alfonso Gowan for a 
blacksmitii shop in is38 The Hrst teacher was Miss Eunice Dennison who 
taught the spring term in isi2. Miss Catherine PJarl taught tlie next or 
summer term and Ebeneezer Dorr, wlio later married Miss Earl, t-aught 
the winter term. The building stood on East side of Main street, and there 
is some contention as to exact location. A J. Phillips says about wiiere ttie 
Nelson building stands on southeast confer Pleasant and Main, but Mr. A. 
H. Wilson says it stood about where Servatius' store is, and he is corrobor- 
ated by Mrs. Susan Usher Forbes, who in a letter to the writer dated at Ida 
Grove, June 30th, 1901, says: "When 1 came to Springfield, now Mnquoke- 
ta, in 1842, the houses as I remember them, was a log house occupied by .1. 
E. Goodenow for hotel and postotlice. a log house occupied by .rolm Sliaw for 
store and dwelling, a?Ki just across the road was a sod covered, log house in 
which my aunt. Miss Dennison, taught the lirst school taught in Spring- 
field. George Earl also thinks the school-house was about opposite Stiaw's 
store. , N. O. Rhodes, who savs he attended school in tlie sod covered school- 
house in 184G, thinks the scliool-iiouse stood about where Servatius' store is. 

The building was made of rough, unhewed logs chinked up and plaster- 
ed between the logs with mud; was tirsr covered with slabs split out of oak 
timber and covered with sod. out of wiiich gras>^ and weeds grew profusel>. 
In the spring of 1S42 there was 18 or 20 children in the village and vicinity 
of school age, and the people began lo cast about for a teacher and a place 
bo teacii in. About that tiaie or prior, t^so men. .lohn and William At^bey, 
had come to the village and built a blacksmith shop, and in cor)sr(|uence 
there was no further use for Mr. Goodenow's building tor a stjop and tie of- 
ered to donate it for a school-iiouse if those interested would lit it up, 
which proposition was aceet)led, and a tloor was put in and windows, one 
on each side, made by cutting out a couple of logs and setting in ttie two 
parts or sasii of a 12 light, f! by H window side ways, instead of one al)ove 
the other in the ordinary manner. 'I'here was but one duor .-irid it was In 
the end facing the road wliicii is now Main st rtu:t. and near tlie soutnwest 
corner. 'J'lie seats were made by splitlir>g lo^s iti fialves. boring holes in the 
bark side and insert ing pegs for legs. liMving the tl U surf ice up. These 
seats were -s or 10 feet long svilhout l)aok or foot rest ; would ac 'oinuif^dal e 
from to 10 pupils av!Coiding to si/.e, if it co jld be calK-d ati accoinuiod.il ion. 
Tlie desks on which I he scholars pract iced wniing were made by t)oring 




..J 

ELLIS. 



holes in a log the proper heij?ht, and driving pegs inro the logs, and fasten- 
ing a smooth plank on the pegs. The seats svere arranged lengthwise about 
the room. \Vhen the pupils were studying their lessons they laced inward, 
and when time came for practicing writing they